photo - Manja Kristoffersen
Some links are in Danish !
How do you begin?
Buy a bound notebook - I use A4 size. Write down everything you know.
Bits of paper get lost.
Ask your oldest relations what they know, and write it down.
Huskeliste- check list in Danish for interviews and memoires.
Go through the family photos, and write on the back,
who and where and when in pencil.
Get organised, paper anetavler are good,
but I use Family Tree Maker 11, or slægtsforskningsprogrammer,
spreadsheets, databases and WinKip.
Record all your sources. you will need to refer to them later.
Your ancestors crossed the sea by boat,
either directly from (say) Copenhagen to New York
or indirectly for example by train and ferry to Hamburg and on to New York
or boat to England and train to Liverpool and boat via Ireland to New York.
or to Australia or whatever.
Is there a family bible?
Or an old passport, a birth certificate, old letters?
photographs, sometimes with military uniforms,
which Danish experts may indentify.
Scan the data and put it on the web
and ask for help to read the old Danish handwriting
by posting the URL in this newsgroup
or this one in Danish but with some english postings too
In the United States, you must know the stateWhy did they leave?:
your ancestor was born,christened, married or died.
In DENMARK the parish, or sogn, is essential.
Olive Tree Genealogy - Search free genealogy databases for your ancestors
Search for your family origins and immigrant ancestors!
Google Search: site:olivetreegenealogy.com Ships' Passenger Lists about 2,530
Google Search: "Ships Passenger Lists" about 12,400
for New York "passenger lists" "Castle Garden" - Google Search
Ellis Island, Castle Garden, Barge Office | Immigrant Processing Centers for New York
Poverty, historical changes in boundaries, and many Danish men did not want
to be Prussian conscript soldiers. Religious conversion or a wish to get married
or for economic betterment. An emotional decision, running away or running to . . .
Help with genealogy in Britain and in USA on usenet (mostly unmoderated)
There are many Ancestry message boards with Danish surnames also in US spellings
United Kingdom and Ireland
browse all localities
browse all topics
Some extracts - click on URL for lots more
The FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service web site
(Ship Passenger Arrival Records)
Until January 1, 1820, the U.S. Federal Government did not require
require captains or masters of vessels to present a passenger list
to U.S. customs officials.
Thus, as a general rule, NARA does not have passenger lists
of vessels arriving
before January 1, 1820
Search the online index for 1892-1924 with associated passenger lists on the American Family Immigration History Center (Statute of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation) website and it pays to log in and log on to this site.
NARA | Genealogy | Naturalization Records at NARA
For more information about women in naturalization records,
see Marian L. Smith, "Women and Naturalization, ca. 1802-1940,
" Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives,
Vol. 30, No. 2 (Summer 1998): 146-153.
In 1903 a Justice Department investigator made even more condemnatory comments:
I find the naturalization records in many cases in a chaotic condition, many lost and destroyed, and some sold for old paper. Most the records consist of merely the name and nativity of the alien with no means of identifying aliens of the same name....In numerous cases I find aliens naturalized under initials instead of Christian names, surnames misspelled or changed entirely, and names of witnesses inserted in place of the alien naturalized....The examination of the records discloses the remarkable fact that never, since the first enactment of the naturalization laws, has any record been made in any court of the names of minor children who, under the operation of the statutes, were made citizens by the naturalization of their parents
NARA | Genealogy | Census Records USA
NARA | Genealogy | Genealogy Main Page USA
Genealogy News and Events look for updates
Upcoming Workshops in NARA Facilities:
The National Institute on Genealogical Research will be held
Research Guidance v2.0: "Denmark BDM Events and Time Periods"Genealogy is like police work,
Research Guidance v2.0: "Select a State in the United States:
To trace your ancestor in the United States, you must know the state your ancestor was born,
christened, married or died. If you are not sure of the State,
click Determining the State where Your Ancestor Lived."
In DENMARK the parish, or sogn. is essential.
Research Guidance v2.0: "This outline introduces the principles, search strategies,
and various record types you can use to identify an immigrant ancestor's original hometown.
These principles can be applied to almost any country.
If you are just beginning your research, you may need additional information
about genealogical records and search strategies"
Roots in Denmark Register of emigrants After 1868 the Commissioner of the Copenhagen Police systematically registered any person, who emigrated, and the registers were kept in alphabetical order. There was a register for persons, who left directly from Copenhagen, and a register for those, who left "indirectly", i.e. from a German or an English harbour. Unfortunately some of the people who left "indirectly" were never registered. As to direct emigration, the registers end at 1940, and as to indirect emigration they end at 1935. There is no traversing register concerning the annual registration. If you do not know the exact year of emigration you will have to go through some of the years before and after in your search. This source will often be the key to further research, because it states the locality from which the emigrant left. You have access to the emigration lists via the film reading room of the Danish National Archives <<.
Are you stuck?
Ask here for help:-
newsgroups about genealogi.
a slægtsforskningsforening or one of SSF´s medlemsforeninger
or Samfundet or DIS-Danmark.
Learning Danish is possible at any age,
- if you set yourself realistic aims
300 words for genealogy Danish Glossary
Glossary to the most frequent Danish words in the census and the marriage records
and tourist Danish will give you a lot of pleasure.
Start with the natural method - think like a child or better still a baby
listen to and copy sounds - then attach meanings.
listen to Denmarks Radio on the web HØR RADIO
just click on HEAR - HØR
There are about 10 or 12 sounds not always used in english,
train your ear to spot glottal stops and the special vowels.
BBC or received pronounciation is prefered in Danish schools,
but educated Danes have two or three extra languages,
and for trade or tourism languages are essential.
About computers and DANISH programs:
Downloads here.- DIS-Danmark.
In Denmark Brother’s Keeper and WinFam are the favourites.
Anetavle is a nice littl Danish program. – J***
I use Family Tree Maker 11,
Buy it in Danish here - Hugh
read books in Danish about slægtsforskning,
e. g. Politikens håndbog i slægtshistorie : find dine rødder
and a new edition of
Slægtsforskning på pc,
- 2. udgave - Ove Lauridsen - J***Forlaget Libris
NETTIPS - handy web pages.
Suggested by the archives - more downloads
Use a libary - Hans H. Worsøe is one of Denmarks best genealogists.
Search the national catalogue of all public libraries in Denmark
read on the net about slægtsforskning,
Google Web Directory > Katalogkategorier > World >
Dansk > Samfund > Slægtsforskning
There are many freebies, gratis på dansk and a research guide in english - Hugh
5 good habits to REMEMBER:-
No guesswork - only use data you can personally guarantee.
The internet is good as a guide, but check the original sources.
Misinformation is on the net because of human error.
Some families "forget" embarrassing facts like criminality, divorces and stray children. Problembørnene
a big thank you to HPJ
photo - Dona Norgaard