Banburyshire Family History

A site designed for you to share your family history with others from the Banbury area

skip to links

go back to the last page you were on The Early Banbury Coxes

Banbury's St Mary's church records date back to January 1558; the year that Elizabeth I came to the throne. The earliest Cox records are:

As the Cox records start within 19 years of the earliest record it would be reasonable to assume that Tudor Coxes were living in Banbury prior to 1558.

Thomas Cox and Ann Written had seven children of whom only two died in infancy. Apart from an Elizabeth Cox who was baptized in 1591 and was of unknown parentage, all of the remaining six Cox baptisms, up until 1662, were to a "Mr Charles" who had not married in Banbury.

"Godspeed" one of the vessels in the Virginia Founding Fleet, carried William Coxe, progenitor of the Cox line to America in 1606

After Thomas and Ann there were 16 Cox marriages in Banbury up until 1675. Two of Thomas's sons, Edward and William, and Mr Charles's daughter Mary were all married in St. Mary's but none had any children baptised there. The remaining marriages were primarily couples from surrounding villages treating Banbury as the county town of "Banburyshire" and choosing the cathedral-like St. Mary's for their weddings rather than less prestigious local parish churches. Why this practice ceased after 1675 isn't clear because with the monarch restored in 1660 church marriages were again normal practice. However, St. Mary's fell into disrepair and was damaged during the Civil War, so maybe by 1675 it was no longer the desirable wedding venue that it had once been.

Of the 16 burials in the years up to 1690 a high proportion were neither born nor married in Banbury. Examples include:

This suggests a dynamic transient population rather than a close knit community which would surely have know the first names of the Cox widows!

We then have a period of inactivity with no Cox baptisms from 1662 - 1715, no Cox marriages from 1675 - 1713 and no Cox burials from 1690 - 1716.

It would seem that Cox habitation in Banbury ceased between 1690 and 1713, roughly coinciding with the reigns of William III and Mary II and Anne. This makes it impossible to trace the Cox family tree using a top down approach as we can not determine if later Coxes were descendants of Thomas and Ann or of "Mr Charles".

Contributed by Nicholas Cox
Email: cox_family(@)ntlworld.com
To contact Nicholas, copy and paste the address and remove the brackets around the @ - thank you.