John Ashby (1732-1798)
John Ashby & Mary Maulle's family
John, Yeoman, is the first Ashby who seems to have been a Tysoe resident. He married Mary Maulle of Milton in 1755. The declaration of intention appears in the Warwickshire South Monthly Meeting minutes: "John Ashby, son of Robert and Mary Ashby belonging to the Brailes meeting house has the intention of marrying Mary Maulle daughter of Richard and Rebecca Maulle of Milton belonging to the Adderbury meeting house in Oxon".
John had a son Robert, and at least three daughters, Elizabeth, Ann, Fransisca (Fanny) and Mary. "Joseph Ashby of Tysoe" (chapter 1) mentions "other female ancestresses had kept their father's loom clacking, turn by turn, after he had gone to bed. One kept the heddles and combs moving while the other ran out to see her sweetheart". Perhaps John was one of the Tysoe "journeyman plush weavers". Of the Tysoe plush weavers, Alfred Woodward writes, "there is no evidence that they worked for the Gilletts. There are two lines of thought, the Tysoe weavers may have worked for the Plush factory in Shipston-on-Stour or alternatively with either of the Gilletts factories at Brailes or at Shutford, but no evidence points to either". Plush weaving was certainly well established in the Banbury area by mid-18th century - the earliest specific reference to the weaving of Shag (the name by which plush was first known) being in 1747.
In 1788, John was "no longer in unity" with the Quakers. His wife Mary died around 1777. The Tysoe parish registers mention a John Ashby, husband of Esther; so perhaps John remarried outside of the Quakers and was thus disowned.
Details of some of John's children and their spouses follow:
Robert Ashby (1761-bef 1851) and Elizabeth Whitehead (1762-1839)
Being a direct ancestor of Joseph Ashby of Tysoe, Robert has a later section to himself.
Fanny Ashby and William Watts
William was a baker and farmer. They were married in 1796. From the South Warwickshire monthly meeting minutes:
1792: Friends from the Radway meeting report that Fransisca Ashby of Tysoe who was educated and brought up to attend our religious meetings from infancy hath made application to be received into membership with us therefore appoint William Palmer and Thomas Harris to pay her a visit . . ."
1796: Fransica Ashby has been married by the Priest to a man not of our Society".
Their children and grandchildren's births are later recorded in the Quaker minutes, the parents being described as notional members" or not in membership".
Ann Ashby (-1823) and Thomas Stock (-1824)
They were married in 1778. Thomas was a farmer in Epwell.
Mary Ashby (1769-1819)
Mary was a spinster at her death in 1819.
In 1800, she had fallen on hard times. From the Quaker meeting minutes: "Mary Ashby having applied to us for assistance, it is agreed to allow her three shillings a week which Robert Ashby is requested to pay her on behalf of this meeting and in order to discharge this and other expenses already incurred, it is earnestly recommended that those friends who are of ability make a more liberal contribution."
However, she was the main beneficiary in her uncle Richard Maulle's will of 1814. From her own will of 1819:
"To brother in law, William Watts of Tysoe, baker and to Joseph Ashby Gillett of Brailes, Warks, gent.: all ppty with appurts in Milton which was devised to testatrix by the will of Richard Maulle, late of Milton to hold on trust as follows: to raise from ppty and to pay to sister, Ann Stock, annuity of £30, and after her decease to pay the annuity to her husband, Thomas; to pay out the residue of the income from the estate to the children of Ann and Thomas Stock equally; after the decease of Ann and Thomas Stock, to pay out from the ppty: £400 to nephew Walter Stock, £450 to niece Mary Ann Stock, both of which legacies are to be paid within 12 months' of the testatrix' death; £450 to be invested in government or other security at interest for niece Sarah Haddington for life then for her children, then for Thomas Stock or their children; £100 and £50 to be put out at interest for the benefit of brother in law, Robert Ashby for life, then the principal sum of £50 to be divided between his children equally, or in default between the children of Elizabeth Harris equally; interest from £100 to be for benefit of Elizabeth Harris and her husband Thomas for their lives, then the principal sum to be divided equally between the children of Elizabeth Harris by her husband Thomas.
The trustees are to stand possessed of the ppty on trust for nephew Thomas Stock
To niece Mary Ann Booth: all household goods and the remainder of real and personal estate"
William Watts and Joseph Ashby Gillett to be executors of will.
Elizabeth Ashby (1767-) and Thomas Harris (1766-1797)
They were married in 1786, and had 6 children. It appears that a number of the children emigrated at the same time to the US. The New York Passenger List, June 14, 1822 sailing from Liverpool, includes the following, all probably members of the same family:
- Thomas Harris, age 57 & Elizabeth Harris (nee Ashby), age 55
- Hannah Webb (nee Harris) age 21 (more likely 31) & Thomas Webb, age 36
- Thomas Jeacock, age 26 & Ann Jeacock (nee Harris), age 26
- George Sorrell, age 27 & Esther Sorrell (nee Harris), age 28
Presumably prospects were not good in Tysoe in the 1820's. Esther Sorrell subsequently re-married, this time to another Tysoe emigrant, one William Mole. William's letter home from New York State, c1827, is printed in "Cake and Cockhorse" ("A Tysoe Emigrant Writes Home", by J.P. Bowes). The letter dates from a time when "pence were paid by the mile, often by parish vestries, to anyone willing to emigrate to America from England". Esther died in 1844, and is buried in the town of Butternuts, Otesgo, New York state.