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Shipwrecks near St Anthony

1873 Post Office Directory

Death of Rev. W. Billing (Dec 1839)

Celebrations for the Marriage of Queen Victoria (Feb 1840)

Letter from Rev James Sawle (1841)

Collision At Sea (May 1843)

St Anthony in Roseland Thanksgiving (Oct 1843)

Interesting Discovery by George JOHNS (May 1844)

Alarming Fire - at Barton of Place (Oct 1844)

St Just Pool - support for it becoming the Falmouth harbour railway terminus (Nov 1844)

Laying of foundation stone for the chancel of St Anthony in Roseland (Mar 1849)

Election of a Guardian for Gerrans (Apr 1849)

Building work at Gerrans Church (May 1849)

Cholera in St Anthony (Aug 1849)

Repairs to St Anthony Church (Nov 1849)

Consecration of St Gerrans Church (Jun 1851)

Restoration of the Church of St Anthony in Roseland (May 1852)

Death of Rev. William James, Independent Minister (Nov 1853)

Coursing at St Anthony in Roseland (Feb 1855)

Dissolution of Roseland Friendly Society (Mar 1870)

Brighton of the West (Aug 1887)

Consecration of Additional Burial Ground (Aug 1887)

Portscatho - The Lighting of the Streets (Sep 1887)

Portscatho - The Improvement of the Town (Sep 1887)

GERRANS ‘Jubilee’ Reading Room (Dec 1887)

Portscatho - A Rich Haul (Jan 1888)




Shipwrecks near St Anthony - Entries from R & B Larn’s Shipwreck Index of the British Isles

The following entries have been transcribed by Hilary Thompson and correspond with some of the burials listed in the register for St Anthony.


"Friends Goodwill" 01/04/1830 5.11.30N 04.58W

Falmouth, Gerrans Bay

ST Sailing Vessel (unspecified) FG United Kingdom, PN Sail

‘The body of a woman, about 27 years of age, was washed ashore at St Anthony near Falmouth on Friday se’night, supposed to be the wife of the captain of a vessel which has been wrecked. She was stout made, with long black hair, and had three gold rings on her fingers; had her stays on, over which she wore a black stuff gown, a kerseymere waistcoat and sailor’s jacket, cotton stockings but no shoes. The body was interred at St Anthony on Sunday last. A boat came ashore at the same place the preceeding day, on her stern was painted in white letters FRIENDS GOODWILL, Plymouth, and on the inside in black letters Thomas Mann. A bowsprit has also been picked up, and several pieces of wreckage.’

RCG 10/04/1830(Sat.)(R); Plymouth Custom House register 01.04.1830.

"Foam" 01/07/1879 Falmouth St Anthony L/h near. 50.08.40N 05W

VO St Lucia – Marseilles; ST Brigantine (sail) LBD 34.26 x 7.13 x 4.11; PT Plymouth; FG United Kingdom; GT 211; CGO Sugar; BT 1866 Williams, Plymouth; PN Sail;CR7; CL2; CP Ball.

‘arrived at Plymouth – sailing on 30th June. Finding the gale increasing, working in for the harbour, but missed stays and struck on the rocks a mile out of St Ann’s lighthouse (St Anthony), and became a total wreck. The captain and four of the crew were saved by getting over the jibboom, but the boy apprentice tried to swim ashore, was dashed against the rocks and was drowned. One of the men would not go ashore with the rest, saying that the vessel was all right, but he left ‘till too late, for the vessel broke up and the man was drowned. On June 2nd [sic] Mr Carlyon, coroner, held an inquest on the bodies of Walter Hickey and Thomas (other name unknown) when the jury returned a verdict of accidentally drowned.’ Nb. There is some discrepancy between reports as to where this vessel went ashore; above quotes one mile E of St Anthony’s, ie. Near Porthmellin Hd. But LL states Lubiker, Gerran.

RCG 11.07.1879 (Fri) (R); LL 02.07.1879 (R); LR 1876-7 No.339 (f)


"Fortitude" 20/10/1881 Falmouth St Anthony L/h 2m. 50.09.40N 04.58.30W

Vo West Hartlepool – Sidmouth; ST Schooner(sail) LBD20.65 x 6.40 x 3.28; PT Hartlepool; FG United Kingdom; NT 87; CGO Coal unspecified; BT 1804, Sunderland; PN Sail; CR5; CL5; Cp Hogarth, W.

‘The crew of five were observed on deck doing their utmost to keep the vessel off the dead lee shore. The rocket apparatus was brought to the place where she was most likely to strike and everything made ready, but the preparation was useless, for when at last the schooner struck, one large wave broke over her, and washed all the poor fellows into the boiling surf, not one reaching the shore alive … shortly after the vessel’s masts went by the board and during the night the decks were washed away. Some portion of the cargo was strewn along the shore. Nothing can save the ship from going to pieces … four of the bodies have been washed ashore, all except the captain …’ She carried 154 tons of gas coal, and 5 tons of iron. Wind conditions ESE force 10.

CT 27.10.1881 (Thu) ® LL28.10.1881 ® BOT WK. Rtn. 1881. Appx. Pts. 1-IV p108; NLR.

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Gerrans - as described in the Post Office Directory of 1873

GERRANS, or St. GERRANS, is so called from a king, Gerennius, who, before the year 596, came from Wales, driven thence by the Saxons, and being ,well received by the people in Cornwall, he fixed upon a place then called Curgurrell, where he is said to have built a castle and a kingly residence with numerous fortifications; and, living there some years, he appointed his son his successor, and died in the year 596, and was buried near that spot; some time after, his son, in reverence to his father's remains, had them removed to and deposited in a place called Carne Beacon-an immense elevation about two miles from Curgurrell-said to be, within a few feet, the height of St. Paul's, in London; and in some records, discovered by the Rev. J. Adams, a gold boat with silver oars, and an urn, were said to have been buried with his remains. However, several of the clergy and other gentlemen, in November, l855, had a party of people to dig for the supposed relics; something was discovered which evidently showed that it had been a place of burial long ages ago.

Gerrans is a parish about 6 miles south-west from Tregony, 9 south from Truro, and 4 north from St. Mawes, almost surrounded by the sea, in the Western division of the county, west division of Powder hundred, Truro union and county court district, rural deanery of Powder, archdeaconry of Cornwall, and diocese of Exeter; it adjoins the parish of St. Anthony in Roseland, and is bounded on the east by the English Channel, and on the west by a creek of St. Mawes harbour.

The first church is supposed to have been built previous to the year 590, by order of King Gerennius; yet history says that, in the year 1334, Gerrans was only a chapel dependent on St. Anthony, for in a deed of confirmation of churches and chapels to Plympton Priory, by Bishop Grandison, 1334, "the prior and convent" are said "to hold in possession the church of St. Antoninus" and "the chapel of Gerrands dependent upon it." The church of St. Gerenius, built in the year 1262, in the Early English style - was rebuilt in the years 1849 and 1850; it has a tower and spire, chancel, nave, south aisle, north transept, porch, 2 bells, a chancel screen, sedilia, and stained windows: one of the original windows remains. In the churchyard is a very ancient granite cross. The register dates from the year 1539. The living is a rectory, endowed in 1261 Bishop Bronescombe, lord of the manor, yearly value £306 13s., with residence and small glebe, in the gift of the Bishop of Exeter, and held by the Rev. Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener, LL.D., of Trinity College Cambridge.

There is a National school for 140 boys and girls, built in 1863, not endowed, and a Sunday 8chool is held at the school-room. There are chapels for Independents, Wesleyans, and Bible Christians. There is a charity called Harris's, of the annual value of £9 2s. 6d.; and in 1867 Captain C. Baker, R.N., gave £200 stock for the poor of the parish, and to keep in repair the family vault. Two fairs are held yearly, at Trewithian in Gerrans, in May and October, for cattle. The Ecclesiastical Commissioners (Rev. Henry B. Bullocke, lessee) and G. F. Enys, esq., are lords of the Manor. The chief landowners are the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, F. G. Enys. esq., Richard Pendarves Johns, esq., The Duke of Cornwall, and J. G. Cregoe, esq. The soil is light shallow, and fine earth; subsoil, killas with elvan dykes. The chief crops are wheat, oats, barley, turnips and grass. The area is 2,870 acres, of which 215 are water; gross estimated rental. £4,851; rateable value, £4,331, and the population 1871 was 954.

Letters through Grampound. Porthscatho is the nearest money order office.

Insurance Agent - Sun Fire, W. H. Webb

National School, R. Sargent, master; Miss M. T. Penver, mistress

Trewithian and Porthscatho are villages; the latter, the largest in the parish, is pleasantly situated at the southern extremity of Gerrans Bay, and about half a mile below the church. The pilchard and mackarel fishery is carried on to a small extent here, and it is frequented as a watering place in the summer season. There is a chapel for Independents, also a reading room, supported by subscription.

POST & MONEY ORDER & TELEGRAPH OFFICE, & Post Office Savings Bank, Porthscatho – William Johns, postmaster. Letters through Grampound, arrive at 9.45 a.m. ; dispatched at 2.25 p.m.; sundays at 9.45 a.m.

POST OFFICE, Trewithian – William Snell, postmaster. Letters through Grampound, arrive at 8:50a.m.; dispatched at 3:12 p.m.

WALL LETTER BOX, Gerrans – cleared at 2:30 p.m.; Sundays, at 9:35 a.m.

CARRIER – Butland to Truro, wed. & sat. & to St. Austell, fri

GerransPortscatho
Hartley Henry, Roseteague
Johns Richard Pendarves, Trewince
Martin Miss, Curgurrell
Scrivener Rev. Frederick Henry Ambrose, LL.D. Rectory

Commercial

Adams James, Farmer, Polaughan
Andain William, blacksmith
Ball Samuel, shopkeeper, Trewithian
Beard Philippa (Mrs.), toll collector, Gerrans gate
Butland Francis, carrier
Chapman William, farmer, Trewithian
Crego Jane (Mrs.), beer retailr. Passage
Dryden Sarah (Miss), school
Hicks Richard Peter, farmer, Polendra
Hill George, farmer, Tregassick
Hugo John Martin, farmer, Treleggan
Lobb John, farmer, Tregear
Nicholls Henry, farmer, Trewince
Olivey James Ryan, farmer, Lanhoose
Olivey William, limekiln, Polcarnick
Pearce Charles, blacksmith
Pearch Philip, grocer & draper
Penprage John, farmer, Higher Rosevine
Penver Richard, shopkeeper
Robins Jeremiah, Trewithian Inn
Rosevear Joshua, miller, Polingey
Snell William, shoe maker & Postmaster, Trewithian
Thomas James, farmer, Tregassa
Tucker Catherine Jane (Mrs.) shopkpr
Vellenoeth John, farmer, Merrows
Wilcocks Charles, farmer, Rosevine
Williams Richard, farmer, Lanhoose
Best Joseph Augustus
James Isaiah, Cliff Cottage
May Capt. Thomas
Odgers William Billing
Roberts Martin R.N.
Ryan Miss, Hedley house
Stanton Josiah
Wilcocks Henry D

Commercial

Bosisto Russell, Cliff Inn
Cock William, tailor
Johns William, carpenter
Lane John, officer of coast guard
Nicholls Maria (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Oxenberry William, Grocer & Draper
Oxenberry William Eddy, shopkeeper
Peters Edward, Plume of Feathers
Peters Grace (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Peters Jonathan, farmer
Sawle George, master mariner
Sawle William Richard, shopkeeper

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Death of Rev. W. Billing

West Briton, 6th Dec 1839

On the 12th ult., the Rev. W. Billing, pastor of the little church at Portscatha, who, by his ardent zeal and heavenly spirit, cultivated the moral waste he found in that fishing cove, and, after 15 years of assiduous labour, entered into rest, in the full assurance of hope, regretted, as he was respected, by all who knew him.

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Celebrations for the Marriage of Queen Victoria

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 14 February, 1840

GERRANS - In this parish two large bonfires, composed of wood and tar-barrels, were seen blazing at the same time, one at Trewithian and the other at the Church-town; and several barrels of good home-brewed beer were given away to the assembled multitudes at each place, at the expense of the resident gentry and yeomanry.

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Letter from Rev James Sawle

A letter from Reverend James Sawle (1795-1854) who arrived in Australia on April 7 1840 had this letter published in various newspapers on March 13 1841: (Transcribed by Gill Mackenzie)

To Mr. Matthew Courtenay. From Adelaide, South Australia. 
Dear Brother, Ten thousand times I have thought on you since I left Truro, and so often have I longed for your society and enlightening conversation.  I owe much to you for your support.  I am also indebted to a great number of the inhabitants of Truro for some degree of confidence which they repose in me.  I would not attempt to lessen that debt, by the only way in which I am capable, that is, simply by its acknowledgement and by conveying some information respecting South Australia which may be serviceable in assisting to settle the minds of many who may have some thoughts of leaving their native land.  The statements which I am about to make shall be strictly correct, and therefore I call upon you, I entreat you as a public man and a friend to the human family, to give them the utmost publicity.  It is necessary that he public should know what to expect on the voyage, and, if spared, on their arrival in the colony.  When you are put on ship-board, you are with all you have and with all that is put on board for you, entirely under the control and disposal of the Doctor and the Captain, so that your every comfort, even life itself, is dependent on the disposition of those under whose care you are placed; and hence hundreds have found a watery grave through the unkindness and neglect of those under whose care they have been placed,  It is true you have a scale of rations which you may think should be the guide of all on board, and the due proportions of which you may think you may reasonably demand; but when at sea, it is in vain to urge the fulfilment of the contract between yourself and the Commissioners; you are told the things are not on board for you and, therefore, it is in vain to ask for them; and if you had them they would only be luxuries.  You may urge the failure of your nature, the weak state of your family, but it is in vain.  There is a grave deep enough in the ocean; and should you reach the land with a broken constitution, which has been the lot of many, you will find a grave there.  But it is exceedingly painful to see the things put on board for you, wantonly consumed by those who feed almost wholly on luxuries; in fact the emigrants are the subjects of plunder from the forecastle to the cabin, and if you speak you are often called d…d convict, and treated in the most shameful way by the sailors.  Then the afflictions you may expect on the voyage; few ships, if any, are free from diseases; some have lost 30 or 40, others a great many more on the voyage.  We were afflicted with typhus fever through which we lost seven, and one fell overboard and was drowned; we expected to lose a great many more; three of my family were distressingly ill; we expected the death of my little boy every moment, but God has spared him.  To describe to you my feelings amidst the groans and cries of the afflicted and dying is impossible; I would make extracts from my journal to describe my feelings at the time, but I have not room.  Then the funeral – this is shocking, the poor body sewn up in a sack its form exposed, placed on a plank on the weather gangway, with a few shot at the feet and then to be interred in the turbulent fathomless ocean – never shall I forget a funeral at sea.  Then your accommodation when you reach the land of promise.  Visited by the agent appointed, you are told when you are to land; early in the morning you have to get everything ready and to take your family with you; you have not time to get breakfast or in the bustle of reaching the harbour you have no rations or water served out, all hands being so engaged; you may take a little bread with you.  It may happen, as it did with me, that your luggage and family are not to be taken by the first draw that is going up to town, which is distant seven miles; the day is far spent, and towards evening your luggage and family are placed on a bullock drawn, and move onwards towards the square.  After some delay and insolence on the part of the driver you are brought into the midst of some very poor looking wood huts; you ask what place this is, and you are told this is the square.  At a certain place your luggage is taken, or rather thrown down, so that your little glass, or whatsoever else you may have is often knocked to pieces.  After selecting what you can find of your things for the night, you ask where you are to lodge; you are directed to a wood hut; there may be a casement in the window-place, or there may not;  however there is no chimney for you to burn a little fire, and if there was one it would be of no use for you for the night; you are now exhausted with hunger and fatigue, your dear children crying with hunger and cold.  You now enter into a place, out of which perhaps two or three or more of the family have been carried dead, probably some of the old dirty garments remain; your floor is nothing but the earth and dust; the smell from the burning of the oil and causes is almost insufferable.  But as it is, it is the only shelter, and you are obliged to enter, you want something now for your family to make use of; your enquiry is for a little wood, but you are told by the man who looks after the square, that there is no wood provided for emigrants, and if he should give it to one he must give it to all, ….. you may have some tomorrow from the natives, for a little bread; you ask for a little water …. you are told there is a well in the centre of the square but the water is brackish ad you cannot drink it; you can get some from the Torrens but you must go across the country for half or three-quarters of a mile, and the person thinks it so dark you cannot find it.  You at least want a little light, but you cannot obtain a candle without going to the city (so called) which is distant about half a mile; a step of the road you are not acquainted with so that you must sit on your box without fire, light or meat with a thousand hungry mice and fleas playing around and feeding on you during the night; whilst the cold, coming in from so many openings, would make your bones ache; in this place you have no bedstead , nor anything of the kind.  We are served with a week’s rations.   On entering the colony you are pleased with its appearance the loveliness of the country, the largeness and greenness of the trees has a very imposing appearance and the country too is really fine; but still there are many drawbacks.  And first, I think the public should know that the statements put forth by the agents at home are not true, especially as regards the healthfulness of the place.  We are subject to diseases, painful and distressing; I could name many who left Cornwall, who have found a grave in Australia.  I, myself, have had a narrow escape; my affliction was that of dysentry in its most painful and distressing form; then there is fever, to which we are subject, and what takes off a great many more is weakness occasioned by (letter illegible).  This, with broken spirits superinduces disease, and thus many find a premature death.  Then with regard to the abundance of labour this is not true; when we first landed I might have obtained work with a master-mason, who came out from the neighbourhood of Bodmin, but as I was engaged by a gentleman on board who came out with us, and who was about to put up a brick machine worked by steam, I declined the master-mason’s offer.  The wages I obtained was 12s. per day, and 6s. for my boy; I worked on for about eight weeks, and then was taken ill, which put myself and boy out of my employ.  I was the only mason my master employed; my illness obliged him to take another tradesmen to carry on his work, which was nearly finished before my recovery, and therefore his work was closed.  On my recovery, I was anxious to obtain labour for myself and boy, having nothing scarcely to live on by this time; we went to all the master tradesmen in the city, and could not obtain one day’s work, and this is the case with many, very many, tradesmen in the city who have been of some standing here; so that it is now the eighth week since I have done but one day’s work, and I have travelled scores of miles in town and country seeking work, but cannot obtain any up to this time.  To give you a proof of the scarcity of work, I have only to say there are now one hundred and upwards employed on government works to keep them from starvation and crime receiving only 10s. per week and rations   Now it will take a young man 7s. per week to pay for the dressing of his meat and bed; and what can a married man do with this?  He cannot shove his family into any hole for less than 8s or 10s per week, so that it would take the whole of his money in rent and leaving sixpence for the support of his family.  It is all credit in the colony, and there are so many of the leading men breaking, that there is little or no confidence.  Besides, it should be known that while there are many very honest men here, there are a great many whose object it is to get money, and money they will get, no matter at whose expense, their only care is to keep out of the clutch of the law, and they laugh at you to your face.  The master tradesmen say we may have plenty of work, but there is no money; and how should there be?  The colony produces nothing, every article of consumption is brought from some other colony, and you have nothing to offer in exchange but money and that, as much as those bringing in their goods may demand; and there is no alternative, you must have them, that is their goods, or starve … thus you perceive the colonist has not the means of employing the labourer and if he employs him, he has not the means of paying him his wages, the money being taken away as fast as it is brought in.  I can assure you there is a very great want of work amongst all classes if workmen at this time,  I would work at any thing could I find employ.  I went into a quarry last week there were two men at work from Perranwell, who told me they had not had half work; they then had a hundred load of stones in the quarry, and might have had as many more if they pleased, but there is no demand for them.  It is truly distressing to be out of employ in this place.  We have a small house for which we pay 26s per week; water costs us 2s. per week; wood upwards of 3s. per week.  But you are ready to ask, cannot you cut your own wood for your own use?  I answer no; the wood standing on the park grounds you are forbidden to touch while the land beyond that is the property of gentlemen, it all being bought up, so that you cannot go there; and, therefore, you cannot have any wood but what is brought you, at a dear rate.  Flour is 9d. per lb; meat 9d per lb; potatoes 3 pence half penny per pound; and we are told before the close of this week they will be 8d. per lb; butter 2s.2d. per lb; ad everything else in proportion, so that you cannot live for a trifle.  I thought, previous to my coming out, that I should have a garden and raise everything of the vegetable kind, but I have now found out my mistake; you cannot obtain a garden, and those who have had them have not planted them a second time, so that I have thought they have not been remunerated for their labour.  As to fruit I have not seen a tree bearing fruit since I have been here; there I no native fruit, nor native anything that is worth the trouble of taking.  I should like, if I was able, to give some faint description of the splendid city of Adelaide.  Talk about streets, indeed we have streets if the rooting up of trees in a straight line, about fifty feet wide and a mile long, will constitute streets, then we have plenty of splendid streets.  However, there are two that resemble streets so far as buildings are concerned, and business is conducted; but even they are almost impassable for a man or beast.  The city is founded on a slimy clayey bottom, and the quantity of rain that has fallen these tuhree months past has completely saturated the land and the streets being nothing but this slimy soil, and being the common throroughfare, they are cut beyond description.  I would rather walk from Truro to St. Agnes, a distance of nine miles, at any given hour of the night, than walk through Hindley or Cury-Street at the same hour; I believe I could complete the journey with less difficulty and far less danger.  I saw a flock of sheep stuck fast in the middle of Hindley Street, and neither dogs nor men could get them out while I was there.  But difficult as the voyage is … rough as your first reception may be ….. painful and lingering as your afflictions are ….. yet the whole put together is not equal to the disappointment you feel, and the unhappiness you experience, arising from a want of employment in a strange land without a friend.  All this want of employ has arisen within this twelve months or less than that time.  Any man professing to be a mason or a carpenter was eagerly sought after, and readily employed; but the tables are turned, and there is scarcely an establishment in the colony but what are weekly discharging labourers and tradesmen and the consequence of which is an attempt to lower the wages; and the wages will be lowered, so that a man and his family, after enduring the difficulties of the voyage and parting with all that is dear on earth …. relatives and friends, will be no better off than at home.  Though things are in such a state, yet ships are constantly coming out, bringing our countrymen and country women to new scenes of sorrow and conflict, while at this time there are hundreds upon hundreds here more than can find constant employ.  A person from Weymouth told me that a man in Adelaide, coming from that place, sent home, requesting his father and brothers, all of his family to come out.  The consequence was, one brother took a wife, and landed safely in the land of promise; but, on their arrival, though want of work, the man and his wife were obliged to be separated she going into service.  There is another thing ….. I would not recommend any young females to come out on any consideration; the danger and evils to which they are exposed, both on the voyage and after their arrival, are many.  The natives are peaceable because they are jews, and are not prepared for war.  Some say they are jews, but they are jews no further than they submit to the right of circumcision, and do not shave.  Most happy should I be to give a very different account of the colony, and to be able to say to every man of you, come out and better your condition; but this cannot be done at present.  Should any improvement take place, I shall, if I live, be most happy to convey the pleasing intelligence.  I might notice the situations and prospects of those who, like myself, have left Truro; but I will not do so, lest I should offend.  I will leave every man to tell his own tale.  I can tell you that I often wish, with them, that we were once more in our native land … no difficulty at home should drive me …. No gilded toy should allure me.  There is one thing favourable to the colony, that is, the governor is a very good gentleman; he is believed to be pious, as are also his family.  The minister of the episcopal Church appears to be desirous of doing good; his sermons are excellent.  The church is very full, with a most respectable congregation.  The morals of the colony are very bad; there is a very great want of (torn); there is not the least dependence to be put in scarcely any one.  This is generally acknowledged.  The Sabbath is awfully desecrated …. Shooting, or anything else, which their fancies lead them to, is eagerly engaged in.  I have much more to write but at present I have not room; but which I shall soon communicate to some friend at home.  I have now some work for about three weeks … began it three days past.  I took it at contract, but the master, after I began it, was afraid that I should do too well, although it had been put up to public tender, and desired that I might do it as day work, to which I was obliged to consent  And now, my dear friend, I must conclude, by desiring you to give our kindest regards to all our Christian friends to the Ministers of the Gospel, the congregation worshipping with you, and to the thousands in Truro, to whom I feel the strongest attachment.  My heart beats with joy when I think of them, and cherish the thought of seeing them again; and believe me, though dwelling in the uttermost part of the earth, I am, as ever, your affectionate brother, James Sawle.  PS.  The prospects of the colony are getting worse and worse every day; those who were thought the richest men in the colony, are now proved to be worth nothing, so that trade is at a standstill.  Do not let any of my neighbours be deceived by false representations.  The “William Mitchell” is arrived, and will land the emigrants this day.   I know not whether there are any persons from Truro on board.  This is the fourth letter I have written …. One to my dear parents, one to Thomas Crocker and one to Mr Bath.   Let my dear parents know of this.

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Collision At Sea/h3>

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 5 May, 1843

On Sunday last, the "Elizabeth," MAY, master, of and from Falmouth, with copper ore, for Swansea, put into Penzance with her bows stove and leaky, having been in contact the previous night, about two miles south of the Flagships[?], with the schooner "Catherine," BILLING, master, which vessel sunk immediately - her crew having just time to save themselves by getting on board the "Elizabeth". The "Catherine" was of and for Falmouth from Wales with a cargo of coal, and singularly enough both vessels belonged to the one owner - Mr. MAY, of Gerrans.

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St Anthony in Roseland Thanksgiving

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 27 Oct, 1843

Wednesday se'nnight was kept in this parish as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God for an abundant harvest, and for the beautiful weather which has been vouchsafed to save it. The day was strictly kept as a holy day, neither man nor horse doing any work; and was commenced by a prayer meeting at the Wesleyan chapel, at half-past six. At half-past ten, the parishioners met at the clerk's house, when the REV. HENRY RODD, accompanied them to the parish church, preceded by music, where he read prayers, and preached a most appropriate sermon, From Psalms ex. 5. After the service, they returned to a spacious barn belonging to MR. CANNING, which was kindly lent, and tastefully decorated for the occasion, where might be seen the whole of the parishioners (except thirteen), seated to a substantial dinner of beef and plum pudding, and a moderate supply of the good old English beverage, beer. The musicians played several enlivening airs during the dinner, and grace before and after dinner was sung. The cloth having been withdrawn, the Rev. H. Rodd, who was the chairman, in a neat speech, congratulated the meeting on the many happy countenances present,- minister and people, the employer and employed, old and young,- all being seated together as one family, and uniting in one spirit Shortly afterwards Mr. WOMERSLY addressed the company in a powerful and animated manner; and after separating for about an hour, they met again in the barn, when the REV. H. DANIELLS, Wesleyan minister, delivered an impressive discourse, at the conclusion of which MR. CANNING proposed, and Mr. LAWRY seconded, a vote of thanks to the Rev. H. Rodd, Mrs. Rodd, and MISS SPRY, who subscribed most handsomely towards the entertainment. The motion was carried by acclamation. Too great praise cannot be given to the Rev. H. Rodd, who suggested and directed the proceedings, and whose kindness and affability on the occasion produced a deep impression on the whole meeting. The general good feeling, it is hoped, will not pass off with the day. Some of the great parishes might learn a useful lesson from the unanimity which prevailed in the little parish of St. Anthony.

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Interesting Discovery

The West Briton 10th May 1844

On Saturday last, as Mr. GEORGE JOHNS, of Merras, in the parish of Gerrans, was ploughing in one of his fields, his plough came in contact with a large flat stone, on removing which he discovered an earthen pot, which proved to be full of human bones, the greater part of which went to dust on being exposed to the air. ......................................

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Alarming Fire

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 25 October, 1844

On Tuesday last, a house adjoining the farm-house at the Barton of Place, occupied by Mr. JAMES LAWRY, one room of which is used as a back-kitchen, caught fire, in consequence, it is supposed of melting down a fat sheep, which had fallen over the cliff the night before. In a few minutes after the fire was discovered, the house was in a blaze, and all the efforts of the parties present were immediately directed to saving the dwelling house, by making a division in the roof, and keeping up an almost constant stream of water from the pump and horse-pond, which fortunately succeeded. There was a numerous attendance of people, who exerted themselves to the utmost; and the conduct of Lieut HARRIS, R.N., and several of the coast guard, was most praiseworthy. If the dwelling-house had caught, all the extensive premises, corn, hay, &c., would probably have been destroyed. The loss may be estimated at the probable amount of £150.

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St Just Pool

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 15 November, 1844

On Friday last, a meeting of the inhabitants of Roseland was held at Trewithian in Gerrans, to memorialize the Board of Trade to the effect, that if the contemplated railway through Cornwall is accomplished, the Falmouth harbour terminus should be located at St. Just Pool, or at some point on the eastern shores of the harbour. The chair was taken by J. PENHALLOW PETERS, Esq., who, in a brief but appropriate address, explained the object of the meeting, which was, to direct the attention of government to the eligibility of St. Just Pool as a terminus, and to the advantages that would be derived by it in the event of war. Mr. BOYNE, previous to offering any observations on the subject of the meeting, read some notes of apology for non-attendance from different gentlemen. One was from RICHARD THOMAS, Esq., the surveyor, who expressed himself strongly in favour of St. Just Pool as a government station; another was from the Rev. HENRY RODD, who was unable to attend, and who conveyed his best wishes, and his full conviction of the utility of the object of the meeting; and third was from RICHARD JOHNS, Esq., of Trewince, who, although not able to be present, sent his full approval of the measure, and his wishes for its accomplishment. Mr. Boyne then proceeded to call the attention of the assembly to the purpose for which they were met. It was notorious that the eastern harbour of Falmouth had been too long neglected, and other places less suitable for public purposes had flourished at its expense. They were not met there to-day to memorialise for their own benefit solely, they were not there as supplicants for individual and partial favours, they were in a position to take higher ground, they were advocating great national interests which existed on their shores. They invited the attention of the government to the important object of having a railway terminus of St. Just Pool, not in muddy waters, or in mud cut channels, and in an artificial basin; but, in a natural dock, formed in deep water, always comparatively smooth, in a landlocked position, where there was shelter, safety, ample room, easy ingress and egress at all times of tide, and with every wind, - a shortening of the distance from Exeter, little expense in fitting it up for all purposes, and in short, every suppliance that was needful, as a convenient place of rendezvous for men of war, packets, and merchant ships. They were assembled to-day, not to put forth expensive and doubtful speculations, but to recommend a safe, accessible, and cheap station for either naval, postal, or commercial purposes. They stood there to vindicate Falmouth harbour; to draw aside the murky curtain which had so long obscured it; to disabuse the public mind of the prejudice that had so unfairly been impressed on it; to call the attention of the State, and of the merchants of England, to the capabilities and conveniences (not of the turbid and shallow waters of Penryn creek), but of the real harbour of Falmouth, extending four miles to the eastward of that town, including Carrick Roads, St. Just Pool, and a fine expense of water forming the most spacious and commodious estuary in the British Channel. Their proposal rested on no doubtful and abstract points of argument, - they required no special pleading to uphold it; - it was based on facts, and borne out by the opinions of competent naval authorities. Their case was based upon facts, and they challenged the county to contradict them. They were fortified by the truth, and the utility of their proposal and whatever weight of interest might be unjustly poised against them, or what ever obstacles certain influences might attempt to throw in their way, they would be stimulated to perseverance, conscious of the rectitude of their motives, the correctness of their proceedings, the prospect of achieving a public good, and in full dependence on the verity and infallibility of the ancient maxim, “that truth is great and must prevail.” Several resolutions were then proposed and seconded, and unanimously adopted. Lieut. W. JAMES, R.N., in proposing one of these resolutions, gave a very graphical description of the advantages of Carrick Roads and St. Just Pool, the depth of water, the nature of the ground, and the safety to ships, which he had himself experienced in heavy gales of wind. He gave the meeting much interesting information on the conveniences of the spot, and delineated nautically the advantages which would accrue to government particularly in time of war, by having a terminus at this commodious anchoring ground so close to the shore. After some observations from Mr. J. P. PETERS, jun., and some other gentlemen, a memorial was read and approved of by the meeting, and it was agreed that one copy should be sent to the Board of Trade, and others to the Lords of the Treasury, and the Admiralty; and that a communication should be made to the Directors of some of the Great Railway companies. For carrying out the purposes of the meeting, a committee was appointed of six gentlemen, to correspond with the various public authorities, and to report their results to another aggregate meeting to be held about the period of the reassembling of Parliament. Thanks were then voted to Mr. PETERS, for his conduct in the chair, and to Mr. M. G. CREGOE, for the use of his spacious barn, after which the meeting broke up. The above meeting took no part in the contest now existing in the county on the particular line of railway. They agreed to observe a perfect neutrality on this point, and leave the choice to the wisdom and discretion of the county.

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Laying of foundation stone for the chancel of St Anthony in Roseland

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 23 March, 1849

On Saturday the 17th instant, the ceremony of laying the foundation stone of the new chancel of the Church of St. Anthony in Roseland, took place in the presence of SIR S. T. SPRY, the high sheriff of the county, who is the patron of the benefice; accompanied by the REV. C. W. CARLYON and others interested in the proceedings of the day. The stone was laid by MISS CARLYON, of Tregrehan. The series of coins of the present reign were deposited in a cavity in the corner stone. The builder having prepared the mortar, it was spread over the stone by Miss Carlyon, with a handsome silver trowel presented to her by her uncle, Sir Samuel Spry. And the stone having been lowered into its place, the ceremony was concluded in the usual manner. All present then congratulated Sir Samuel on his auspicious commencement of a work destined to effect the restoration of a sacred edifice of such interesting antiquity to its original much admired character. The church is cruciform in plan. The tower which formerly stood at the junction of the nave, transepts and chancel, fell down rather more than a century ago, and in its fall destroyed the chancel, from which time a saying has prevailed in the parish: "St. Anthony Church, in the shape of a T, The parson doth preach in the belfry."

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Election of a Guardian for Gerrans

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 13 April, 1849

PARISH OF GERRANS - A contested election for a Guardian for the parish of Gerrans took place between Mr. E. H. HILL and Mr. C. FERRIL, at the Board Room, Truro, last week.  Mr. Hill having had much experience in the guardianship for this parish, is considered a very able person for the office.  The number of votes for Mr. Hill was 57, and for Mr. Ferril, 21;  majority for Mr. Hill 36.

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Building work at Gerrans Church

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 11 May, 1849

GERRANS CHURCH - This church being in a dilapidated condition, it was determined to rebuild the two aisles and the chancel, the estimated cost of which is about  £1,000. Towards this sum the parish has voted a rate of  £350, and the remaining £650 has been collected from public and private sources. The foundation stone of the new building was laid on Thursday the 26th ult., by Mr. ENYS, of Enys.

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Cholera in St Anthony in Roseland


The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 24th August, 1849

An inhabitant of Mevagissey, who had recently taken refuge here from the cholera, was attacked with it, suddenly, on Monday week.  MR. BOYNE was sent for and found him in a very solitary and destitute condition, in a cottage entirely alone, all the inmates having fled, being overcome by alarm.  Considerable difficulty was experienced in obtaining personal aid, or any of the necessary requisites to resist the malady; these, however, were at last procured, and by a persevering and industrious application of medical agency, the disease was overcome, and the young man is now restored to health.  There is every hope, that as this occurred in a detached cottage, it will prove an isolated case only, and not interfere with the general health of Roseland, which is at present perfectly free from any epidemic.

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Repairs to St Anthony Church

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 16th November 1849

ST. ANTHONY IN ROSELAND - The proprietor of the ancient church in this romantic little spot, is now in the act of repairing, and indeed we may say resuscitating, this antique edifice. A new wing or transept has been recently built, and a steeple added to the whole, which altogether, will have the effect of perpetuating this very pretty relic of antiquity. At the south door leading into the churchyard, is one of the most perfect and beautiful Saxon arches to be found in the west of England. The font has doubtless been there many centuries. In the course of the repairs, some alfresco painting has been partially uncovered on the walls. This place was formerly a monastery, founded as early as the ninth century. The church service is now regularly performed there every Sunday morning and afternoon, by a curate lately appointed, the REV. E. PUCKLE, whose piety, zeal, and able discourses give the highest satisfaction to the neighbourhood, and are likely, when the alterations are completed, to make the venerable fabric a point of Sabbath day attraction in the vicinity.

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Consecration of St Gerrans Church

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 6th June 1851

The consecration of the new church at Gerrans took place on Saturday, the 24th ult.; the foundation of the building was laid on the 26th of April, 1849, and it was opened for public worship on Easter Sunday, 1850. It consists of a north and south aisle, with small north transept, the chancel separated by a light screen. The seats are open throughout; the east windows fitted with neat stained glass; the roof open, the chancel roof being at present plain, as it is intended that it shall be blue, powdered with stars. There are sittings in the church for 376 persons, only 120 of which are appropriated. The cost was met by private contributions, together with GBP 90 granted by the Incorporated Church Building Society, and the same amount by the Diocesan Society. The new church is in design a restoration of the old building, which was greatly dilapidated, and which it became the object of the vicar, the REV. W. D. LONGLANDS, on his appointment in 1844, to repair. The usual ceremonial of consecration was performed by the Bishop, and the sermon on the occasion was preached by the REV. H. T. RODD, vicar of Gwinear, from Haggai, 1st chap. 8th verse. There were twenty-two clergymen present, including the Chancellor of the Diocese and the Archdeacon of Cornwall.

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Restoration of the Church at St Anthony in Roseland


The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 14th May 1852
A BAZAAR will be held at the ASSEMBLY ROOM, TRURO, on TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY, the 25th and 26th of May, for the purpose of completing the Restoration of the Church of St. Anthony in Roseland, the greater part of which has been rebuilt, at a very considerable expense, by SIR S. T. SPRY. This Church has peculiar claims on the Public, having been founded before the Norman era, and consequently, one of the oldest in the county.

The Bazaar will be open from Eleven to Four, and from Seven to Nine on each day.
PATRON THE Right Honourable the EARL of FALMOUTH LADY PATRONESSES MRS. CARLYON MRS. COLLINS MRS. GREGOR MRS. JOHNS MRS. ROBERTS MRS. SMITH

Contributions will be thankfully received by MRS. JOHNS, Trewince; MRS. EDWARD COODE, St. Austell; Mrs. CLEMENT CARLYON, Truro; and the REV. C. W. CARLYON, St. Just Rectory.

Refreshments may be sent to the Assembly Room by nine o'clock on the morning of the sale. A Band will be in attendance during the Bazaar.

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Death of Rev. William James, Independent Minister

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 18th November, 1853

At Portscatha, in the parish of Gerrans, on Friday last, the Rev. William JAMES, independent Minister. In the limited sphere of his exertions Mr. James was highly valued. Arrogating nothing, he proved himself a genuine imitator of the apostles. Without vanity or pretension he pursued his duties successfully. He relinquished his comforts, he impaired his health, and he seemed to enjoy but one luxury in this life - that of conveying divine truth over the threshold of the cottager's door, and importing instruction and peach to the lowly and ignorant. He commingled with the spiritually needy and destitute, and was the harbinger of truth, where it had been unknown. Poor in every thing but the spirit of religion, he diffused the light of the gospel, and penetrated the darkness that obscured the minds of many thankful hearts. His advent to their dwellings was truly apostolic in its character, he was the messenger of grace, and he moulded many types and impressions on their minds, that will record his matchless zeal and sincerity in the cause in which he was engaged, and in which he shone with a light that was seen from afar. He was universally beloved; in the chapel, in the school, by the road side, or at the sick man's couch, he became entwined around the best affections of the people.

"Ev'n children followed with endearing wile, And plucked his gown, to gain the good man's smile"

In his pulpit he was modest, diffident, and plain; as persuasion is the essence of oratory, heartlessly put forth the forcible eloquence of truth unadorned, and carried his hearers with him. He is now removed from his useful labours; he is gone to reap the reward of his faithful services in a sacred cause;- he has well discharged the fearful responsibilities of his office. He is lifted from a fervent disciple to a more exalted state of being. The gracious share of his virtues will remain in the breasts of his followers. They will ponder in reviewing his unpretending usefulness. But their poignant grief will receive mitigation in the balmy recollection, that no blot, no inconsistency ever tarnished his fame, his devout and undeviating solicitude was ever directed to their future welfare. He departed in the soothing calm of pious resignation. 'He had allured to better worlds, he now led the way.' His memory will be long cherished, and his example handed down for imitation in the favoured locality of his labours.

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Coursing at St Anthony in Roseland

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 5 January 1855

On Monday last, SIR SAMUEL SPRY gave his tenants and their friends at St. Anthony a coursing over that parish. The day was fine, and the sport excellent. Hares were in abundance, but owing to not having a sufficient number of dogs, not so many hares were bagged as on former occasions. After the fatigue of the day, the party retired to the Fountain Inn, at St. Mawes, where Sir Samuel had ordered a dinner to be provided for them all, at which more than thirty persons sat down, under the presidency of MR. CHILCOTT.

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Dissolution of the Roseland Friendly Society

The London Gazette, 17th March 1870

COUNTY COURTS’ EQUITABLE JURISDICTION.
PURSUANT to an Order of the County Court of Cornwall, holden at Truro, made in a suit Richard Stodden, Thomas Stodden, Thomas Peters, William Snell, William Lewarne, Mark Truran, Stephen Crewse, and William Jane, on behalf of themselves, and all others, who, on the 5th day of April, 1869, were members of the Roseland Friendly Society for the benefit of the Sick Widows and Widowers, except the defendants hereto, against Thomas Jennings, John Sawle, James Lampshire, Richard Penver, Josiah Stanton, Thomas Sawle, William Penver, Robert Varker, Charles Pearce, and William Henry Snell. The Society or Partnership known as the Roseland Friendly Society in the plaint mentioned is declared to be dissolved, as from the 7th day of January, 1870, and the plaintiffs and defendants and the creditors of or claimants against the said Society are, on or before the 30th day of March, 1870, to send by post, prepaid, to the Registrar of the County Court of Cornwall, holden at Truro, their Christian and surnames, addresses and descriptions, the full particulars of their claims, a statement of their accounts, and the nature of the securities (if any) held by them. In default thereof they may be excluded from any benefit in the said partnership estate. Every creditor holding any security is to produce or transmit the same to the Registrar aforesaid, on or before the 7th day of April, 1870, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, being the time appointed for adjudicating upon the claims, and taking the other accounts mentioned in the said Order.—Dated this 17th day of March, 1870. J. G. CHILCOTT, Registrar

Original image at: http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/23600/pages/1854

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Brighton of the West

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 1 July, 1887, Thursday

Truro - Portscatho - "Brighton of the West" is the name given to this place by an ancient visitor, and very appropriate it seems to be. During the last few years Portscatho has rapidly developed, and is now becoming a fashionable watering-place. The old visitors are constantly returning, and there are numerous inquiries for lodgings, which, unfortunately, in many instances, owing to the limited number of houses, cannot be supplied. Excursionists are almost daily arriving by steamers and brakes (in addition to the daily excursion by St. Mawes Steam Packet Company). The beautiful steamer "Eagle" called on Thursday with an excursion party for her crew are known to be so inviting that a goodly number from here embraced the opportunity, and were delighted with the trip.

Another entry in the West Briton on 18th August 1887 reads: Portscatho – A correspondent writes: - There has been one continuous stream of visitors here during the past few weeks. The surrounding hills and dales, and the beautiful ocean with its sandy beaches and safe bathing, and the peace and quietness to be obtained have all contributed to draw strangers to this lovely spot.

Then again on 15th Sept: Capt. Benny (steamer "New Resolute") and his party paid their annual visit to Portscatho on Monday last. The beach and rocks were crowded with excursionists, and all seemed delighted with their day's outing.

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Consecration of Additional Burial Ground

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 4 August, 1887, Thursday

Additional Burial Ground For St. Gerrans – The interesting ceremony of the consecration of the additional burial burial ground presented to the parish of St. Gerrans by Mr. F. Enys, of Enys, took place on Saturday. At three o'clock in the afternoon a procession of proprietors and clergy conducted the Bishop to the church. Prayers were said by the Rev. R. Blackmore, vicar of Merther, and the lesson was read by the rector, Rev. J.A. Leakey. His Lordship gave a most impressive address, urging the importance, even by children, of the reverent care of the churchyard. To treat the grave, even of strangers, lightly was a breach of our duty to our neighbour. The Bishop enlarged on the great help it is to a bishop in his work to know himself upheld by the work going on in all the parishes of his diocese and by the prayers of God's people, and concluded by dwelling on the solemnity of the occasion – as impressing the shortness of life, and the nearness of the eternal state, although it were a mistake to suppose that preparation for dying is the Christian's object. That object was the personal coming of our Lord, and the consecration of a burial ground was a testimony to our belief that our bodies were there placed to await that coming of the Lord. The consecration was then completed in the new ground. The Bishop was seated in canopy, and attended by Rev. Mr. Kempe, as chaplain. The petition was presented by the churchwardens, Messrs. Charman and S. Lobb, after which the deeds were signed by the Bishop and attended by two clergymen acting for the Chancellor, Revs. L.M. Peter and C.W. Carlyon. The expenses have been defrayed by donations from proprietors in the parish, including H.R.H. The Duke of Cornwall, Lord Falmouth, the Commissioners, and Admiralty, and by a voluntary rate assessed on occupiers.

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Portscatho - The Lighting of the Streets

The Royal Cornwall Gazette, Fri 16th Sep 1887

A movement is now on foot to provide efficient lights for our streets. The nucleus of the fund was formed by the proceeds of a concert given by the visitors and a committee has been formed to collect subscriptions and carry out the work. Last Thursday one lamp, supplied by Messrs Bullen Bros, Truro was lighted to demonstrate the effect, and general satisfaction has been expressed at the efficiency of the lamp. Subscriptions, we are pleased to learn, are rapidly coming in, and it is hoped that by the end of the week the committee will be in a position to order the lamps required to properly light the streets. The inhabitants of the place are greatly indebted to the promoters of the concert for thus giving the start to a much needed improvement.

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Portscatho - The Improvement of the Town

The Royal Cornwall Gazette, Fri 23rd Sep 1887

The committee appointed to consider the question of lighting the streets met on Monday evening and decided that the various avenues and wards leading into the town shall be lighted during the winter and orders have been given for the erection of the necessary lamp-posts without delay. Everybody seems actuated with a desire to render the improvement perfect, and the appeal for subscriptions has been most liberally responded to. The beauty of the surrounding places and the safety afforded to bathers make Portscatho one of the best watering places on the Cornish coasts and now that the streets will be lighted on dark evenings it is hoped that tourists and others will be induced to prolong their stay.

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GERRANS ‘Jubilee’ Reading Room

The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 3 December, 1887

A very successful concert for the benefit of this institution took place on Friday last. The ladies of Trewince, Tregama, and Trewithian House, assisted with solos, duets, glees, and pianoforte pieces. The great feature of the evening was the exceptionally fine singing of Mr. S. D. Emmett, of St. Mawes; his powerful yet sweet voice was heard to great advantage in four songs, and “The Village Blacksmith” and Cowen’s “Reaper and Flowers” were delivered with such power and pathos that they received well-merited encores and rapturous applause. Miss Salisbury Vyvyan did not appear, being away in the north.



Portscatho - A Rich Haul

The Royal Cornwall Gazette, Fri 27th Jan 1887

Great excitement prevailed at Portscatho on Friday last, when numbers of barrels of wine lined the shore. Everyone who could launched their boats and by evening there were 22 barrels in the General Officer’s possession. No less than 2,600 gallons of wine are safely stored.

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