Hearth Tax 1664



This is a transcription of a transcription of the Hearth Tax returns for Gerrans & St Anthony.

The hearth tax was introduced in England and Wales in 1662 to provide a regular source of income for the newly restored monarch, King Charles II. Parliament had accepted in 1662 that the King required an annual income of  £1.2 million to run the country.

Sometimes referred to as chimney money, the hearth tax was essentially a property tax on dwellings graded according to the number of their fireplaces. The 1662 Act introducing the tax stated that 'every dwelling and other House and Edifice …shall be chargeable ….for every firehearth and stove….the sum of twoe shillings by the yeare'. The money was to be paid in two equal instalments at Michaelmas (29 September) and Lady Day (25 March) by the occupier or, if the house was empty, by the owner.

If you would like to know more about the Hearth Tax then take a look at http://www.roehampton.ac.uk/hearthtax/hearthtax/history/index.html

© Bill O'Reilly 2007

Hearth Tax - St Anthony in Roseland

ForenameSurnameNumber of HearthsNotes
Arthur (Gen)SPRY8ret one short
ThomasWINSTON3the house pulled down
OliverPEARSE1ex
RichardJAMES1ex
JohnHARRIS3ex
TheophilusMARVELY2blockt up one
HerculesPEARSE1ex
MargaretJOHN6blockt up two
RichardPEARSE3ex
JohnCANON2ex
GraceMITCHELL2ex
NicholasMITCHELL1ex
MargaretSAY2ex
WilliamJOHN2ex dead ye house void but Mr BOSCAWEN owner
JohnCREGOE4blockt up two
JohnTYMBY2ex
EdwardLUKE1ex
PearsePOLLARD2ex
RobertPEARSE1ex
RichardPOLLARD1ex dead ye house void and worth nothing
 Total48ex

Hearth Tax - Gerrans

ForenameSurnameNumber of HearthsNotes
Hugh (Gen)TREVANION9now Hugh TREVANION Esq
RobertTRAVANION5now Hugh TREVANION Esq
JohnROBYNS5ex
John (Clerk)BEDFORD5ex
JohnKEMPE5ex
FerdinandoHOBBS6ex
AnthonyCREWES4ex
HenryCREWES3one fallen down
FrancisWALTER3stopt up one
NicholasKEMPE4ex
JohnLANNARDS4blockt up one
StephenJOHN5ex
MathiasJACKE4blockt up two
StephenJENNINGS3ex
HumphryJENNINGS2ex
EdwardHOBBS5ex
GeorgeJENNINGS3ex
RichardGARDINER4blockt up one
StephenRESUGGAN1ex
KatherineLANNARDS2ex now Hugh LANNARDS
GeorgeSAWELL1ex
RobertRESUGGAN4blockt up two
WilliamJAGOE3ret 1 too many b.m.
JohnMARTYN1ex
JohnHOUSE1ex
EastlakeJOHN1ex
JohnQUINTRELL2ex now Rich. CHALLEN
RobertNORMAND1ex
StephenPEARCE2blockt up one
RobertBENNETT1ex
RichardNEWY1ex
HughHAYNE2ex
JamesJOHN3blockt up one
MargeryJOHN2blockt up one
StephenSTODDEN2ex
StephenJENNENS3blockt up one
StephenRESUGGAN1no such person to be found
HenryHUNKE1ex
StephenBENNETT1ex
 Total115ex

Hearths not mentioned in the former returns

ForenameSurnameNumber of HearthsNotes
WilliamJENNENS1-
JohnCALLINACK2-
RogerPEARCE1-
NicholasCREWES1-
JohnNEWEY1-
WilliamNOWEY1-
JohnANDREW1-
BriantWALTER1-
StephenEXBRIDGE1-
JohnHAYNE1-
WilliamPOMEROY1-
ChristopherPOLGREENE2or Osborne PLETTACK the occupant
JohnPENTECOST1or Humphry SAMPSON the occupant
ThomasROBBINS1or Rich CROFT the occupant
HughLANNARD1or James CARLYON the occupant
JohnLANNARD2for Treloone tenement
StephenRESUGGAN1or Stephen NICHOLLS
John (clerk)BIDFORD2for a tenement in Trelowan
EdwardHOBBS1for Tregassee tenement
Hugh (Esq)TREVANYON1for Treleven tenement
 Total24 

© Bill O'Reilly 2007

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