Bourne is both a town and a parish 97 miles north of London, 10 miles NNE of Stamford and 11 miles west of Spalding. It is bisected by the A15 trunk road, formerly known as the "Great Road from London to Lincoln," and part of the old Roman Road between the two cities. Morton parish lies to the north and Thurlby parish to the south, with Deeping Fen parish forming the south-east border. The South Forty Foot Drain completes the eastern border. The parish covers about 8,200 acres and includes the hamlet of Cawthorpe 1.5 miles north of Bourne and Dyke, 1.5 miles north-east.
A spring called "Peter's Pool" arises in the west end of the town and at Eastgate becomes navigable (where it is called the "Bourne Eau") and flows southward to join the River Glen. If you are planning a visit:
- For more local colour, visit Bourne in Words and Pictures.
- See our touring page for visitor services.
- Here are two photographs of the town sign taken in 2008 by Patricia McCRORY (who retains the copyright):
- Ian YARHAM has a photograph of the Dyke Village Sign in Dyke on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2011.
- Bourne Cemetery was established in 1855 and consecrated in March, 1856. At that time, all the other burial grounds in the parish were closed for future burials. The cemetery had two mortuary chapels. The cemetery is on Thurlby Road (South Road).
- The Cemetery was extended in 1904 to 5.5 acres.
- The Cemetery was under the control of the Burial Board of the Urban Council.
- Tim HEATON has a photograph of Bourne Cemetery on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2009.
- The parish was in the Bourne sub-district of the Bourne Registration District.
- Check our Census Resource page for county-wide resources.
- The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
||H.O. 107 / 620
||H.O. 107 / 2095
||R.G 9 / 2317 & 2318
||R.G. 10 / 3314 - 3316
||R.G. 11 / 3197
||R.G. 12 / 2557
||R.G. 13 / 3025
- An Abbey was founded here in 1138 by Baldwin FitzGILBERT or FitzGISLEBERT, for Augustine monks. It stood near the existing Anglican Church.
- The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Peter and Saint Paul, as was the Abbey.
- The church has been dated to the 12th century.
- The church was thoroughly restored in 1840.
- The church seats 600.
- Ian YARHAM has a photograph of the Abbey Church on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2011.
- Here is a photograph St. Peter and St. Paul Church supplied by Ron COLE (who retains the copyright):
- The Anglican parish registers exist from 1562.
- Please check our small parish register extract file. Your additions are welcome.
- The National Burial Index (NBI) lists 8,287 entries (1855-1995) for Bourne cemetery and another 4,238 entries (1813-1900, with duplicates) for St. Peter and St. Paul church.
- The Lincolnshire FHS has published several marriage and a burial index for the Aveland and Ness Deanery to make your search easier.
- Brian GREEN has a photograph of the Baptist Chapel in Dyke on Geo-graph, taken in February, 2009.
- The Baptists chapel was built on West Street in 1835 and could seat 500.
- Tim HEATON has a photograph of the Baptist Chapel on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2009.
- The Wesleyan Methodists built a chapel on Star Lane in 1841 that could also seat 500.
- The Independent Methodists built a chapel in 1847, a year after the Congregationalists buit their chapel in Eastgate. For more on researching these chapel records, see our non-conformist religions page. Also, there is more on local churchs at the Bourne in Words and Pictures site. John Bland suggests that you "follow the link from Churches in Bourne on the Home page and you will find the Baptist Church."
- There was also a General Baptist chapel, built in 1878, in the hamlet of Dyke, along with a small Wesleyan chapel.
- Check our Church Records page for county-wide resources.
- The parish was in the Bourne sub-district of the Bourne Registration District.
- Check our Civil Registration page for sources and background on Civil Registration which started in July, 1837.
- Bourne was a thriving market town for many centuries and it has a long history.
- It is given as the birthplace of Hereward, Lord of Brun, one of the last to rebel against the Normans.
- In Edward the Confessor's time, Castle Brunn was the seat of Leofric.
- Lord Burleigh (William CECIL) was also born in Bourne in 1520. He was the owner of a great part of the parish and built the Bull Inn here. He is buried at Stamford.
- Two fires destroyed large parts of the town. One, in 1605, burned the whole of Manor Street. The second came in 1637 and destroyed the greater part of Eastgate.
- In the 19th century, Market Day was on Saturday and four annual fairs were held: April 6th, May 7th, September 30th and October 29th.
- The Town Hall was erected here in 1821 and quarter session hearings for Kesteven were held here, alternating with Sleaford.
- A Gas Works was erected here in 1840.
- The Corn Exchange was built in 1870 by a private company.
- In 1893 the Midland and Great Northern joint railway companies built a new branch line from Saxby to Bourne.
- Brian GREEN has a photograph of the Wishing Well Inn in Dyke on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2006.
- In 1842, the chief landowners were the Marquis of Exeter and William POCHIN, lords of the manor, and the DUNCOMBE, ARDEN and other families.
- Red Hall, at the south entrance to the town, is a brick mansion with gardens and was the residence for many years for the DIGBY family.
- Tim HEATON has a photograph of Red Hall on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2009.
- The National Grid Reference for Bourne is TF 0920.
- You'll want an Ordnance Survey Explorer #248 map, which has a scale of 2.5 inches to the mile.
- See our Maps page for additional resources.
- The Bourne Rural District Council Isolation Hospital was built in 1913 on South road to replace an earlier hospital on Manor lane. It was still operational in 1930. There was no requirement for archiving patient records. Miss Alice Mary MacKENZIE was the matron in 1930.
- The Butterfield Cottage Hospital was at 2 North road. The Bourne Nursing Association started out in 1899 and was merged into the Butterfield Cottage Hospital after the death of Mr. Butterfield. It also started in 1913 with two wards of 4 beds each, but was enlarged as a war memorial shortly after World War One. It was still operational in 1942, but closed in 1983. No patient records exist. Miss Marion PILE, born Wiltshire, was the matron in 1913. Miss Florence OSBORN was the matron in 1930.
- There is a photograph of Butterfield Cottage Hospital in 1910 at Flickr taken by Peter MALECZEK.
- In 1900, H Company of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment, was quartered here on North Street. Captain Cecil W. BELL, commanding; Sergeant George HIPPLE was the drill instructor.
- In 1909, F Company of the 4th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment, was quartered here on North Street. Major Cecil W. BELL, commanding; Lieuts. W. S. T. PARKER and H. G. DEAN; Sergeant Francis SHEPHERD was the drill instructor.
- Percy James VICKERS, who was born here about 1895, is believed to be the same Lance Corporal P. J. VICKERS who was wounded at Suvla Bay in the Dardenelles Campaign in 1915. He was in the 6th Battn. Lincolnshire Regt. Here is a poem he wrote.
- Ian YARHAM has a photograph of the Fountain by the War Memorial on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2011.
1914 - 1918:
- The Bourne Cenotaph shows WW1 and WW2 casualties (and a few from later conflicts) although no numbers, ranks or arms of service are mentioned. They are listed here as recorded by Michael PECK (The lists have been sorted to make searching easier and may not match the order on the cenotaph - LRM):
1939 - 1945:
- H Allen
- F N Andrews
- A Ash
- F Baldock
- H Baldock
- P Barsby
- A Bates
- C H Baxter
- R Benstead
- J V Bosley
- W Bray
- H Brightman
- G A Brooks
- J Brown
- S Brown
- J Burt
- J A Carter
- E Carvath
- A Chambers
- J A Clare
- H Clark
- A E Clark
- J E Clark
- H P Cleary
- W E Close
- W Cook
- L Cooper
- G Coverley
- C R Creek
- A E Cursley
- H Fortesque
- C A Green
- E Grummitt
- J T Haines
- J Hare
- G A Holland
- C Hornsey
- J C Hudson
- S Jackson
- H L Joyce
- F J Keal
- B Kettle
- S Kettle
- T Knowles
- A W Lane
- H Lane
- F Larkinson
- C Leary
- F Lloyd
- L Lloyd
- G Lunn
- W Lunn
- G Marvin
- A Mason
- W S Michelson
- C Mills
- J Morton
- F Needham
- W Needham
- F North
- W A Oakden
- R Osborn
- C E Osgathorpe
- E Parker
- R Parker
- J Parry
- R Pattison
- H Pearce
- H Pridmore
- H C Reeves
- T B Rhodes
- G H Rix
- E Robinson
- G Rouse
- F Scotney
- G Sherwin
- J J Smith
- J H Smith
- F J N Smith
- R Smithson
- J Stevenson
- P E Stevenson
- F Stubley
- E Stubley
- G Tabor
- H W Teat
- A Thompson
- A Thorton
- W Thopson
- W M Toulson
- E P Wass
- F E H Wass
- W C F Watts
- A Watson
- W Watson
- G A Woodward
- E Wyles
- J Brightman
- C Bryant
- J Clay
- R H Cook
- R J Cross
- R C Dewey
- R J Gable
- C Girling
- J Green
- C A Green
- B J Katoff
- E E Lockton
- H J E Mason
- C E Michelson
- D Milner
- C H Nield
- W A Northern
- F J Pattison
- W Pont
- L Riley
- W H Riley
- A J Rout
- R J Sayer
- C R Schofield
- H Showell
- G A Sibley
- W A Smith
- F R Sones
- R G Squires
- D Steel
- R Waller
- D J Webb
- W Dodd
Northern Ireland 1975:
- R Jennings
- J R Booth
The following 15 Commonwealth War Graves are in Bourne Cemetery. 8 are from World War I:
- W. COOK, priv., Lincolnshire Regt., died 30 Sept. 1918.
- G. COVERLEY, priv., Labor Corps, died 16 Dec. 1918.
- Cyril Humpreys LEARY, priv., Royal Army Medical Corps, died 5 Nov. 1918.
- Thomas Lancelot LLOYD, 2nd lieut., 3rd. Reserve Cavalry Regt., age 25, died 8 Apr. 1919.
- George Robert LUNN, lance corp., 4th Btn. Lincs. Regt., age 35, died 11 Dec. 1917.
- Percy Edward STEVENSON, gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery, died 15 Dec. 1918.
- Harry SWARBRICK, priv., 1st. Btn. Duke of Cornwall's light Inf., age 23, died 11 June 1917.
- Frederick James WIlliam WOOD, priv., Labour Corps, age 20, died 11 Dec. 1920.
These 7 are from World War II
- James Robert EVERETT, srgt., 1st. Btn, The Parachute Regt., age 34, died 12 Mar. 1944.
- Clarence Ernest MICHELSON, sapper, Royal Engineers, age 29, died 9 Nov. 1944.
- Dennis MILNER, lance corp., 1st. Btn. North Lancs., age 21, died 3 Oct. 1941.
- William Henry RILEY, ldg. aircraftman, RAF Vol. Rsrv., died 21 Oct. 1944.
- Reginald James SAYER, priv., 6th Btn. Lincs. Regt., age 19, died 26 Oct. 1940.
- George Albert SIBLEY, able seaman, Royal Navy, died 10 Apr. 1946.
- Robert George SQUIRES, gunner, Royal Artillery, age 43, died 14 May 1940.
- The name Bourne (often spelled "Bourn") is from the Old English Burna or Old Scandinavian Brunnr, for "spring", appearing in the 1086 Domesday Book as Brune.
A. D. Mills, "A Dictionary of English Place-Names," Oxford University Press, 1991.
- According to Pigot, there is a perennial spring "from which the town derives its name, Bourne being the Saxon word for brook". Pigot goes on to give the source of the spring as being the village of Stoke, some 16 miles away. He quotes an old manuscript as refering to the spring as "Peter's Pool." The waters from the spring ultimately join the River Glen, flowing southward toward Market Deeping.
"Directory of Lincolnshire" Pigot & Co., 1841.
- Bastardy cases were heard in the Bourne petty session hearings.
- An Almshouse was founded in 1636 by Wm. TROLLOPE to house six poor and aged men. The almshouse was built next to the churchyard. His fund granted £30 per year for repairing the buildings and for fuel and clothing.
- A second Almshouse to house six poor women was built before 1889.
- In 1655, Robert HARRINGTON bequeathed a yearly rent-charge from Witham-on-the-hill for weekly distribution of bread among the poor.
- As a result of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act, this parish became the center of the Bourne Poor Law Union.
Note: Population figures after 1837 include the Workhouse inmates and staff.
- A Free Grammar School was founded in 1836 by Wm. TROLLOPE.
- A British School was established here and it later took over the Baptist Chapel as a schoolhouse.
- A National School was built here in 1829.
- A new school was built on Star Lane in 1877 and another that same year in North Fen.
- For more on researching school records, see our Schools Research page.
Last updated on 4-October-2013
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