History of England
Our ancestors did not have to share this land with these these guys as they died out millions of years ago, but people here through the last ice age had to beware of very large preditors.
People could have lived here before the last ice age, but to survive they would have crossed to Europe then south ahead of the advancing glaciers.
And as the glaciers retreated north some 10,000 years ago, within a timeframe of several hundred years, they could have walked from Europe to England across boggy but relatively stable land.
Pre-history suggests the first to arrive were peaceful farmers who lived on the Orkney Islands as they pleased until invaders came.
They protected themselves by living close to each other and by forming a hierarchic chain of command. In time they spread to the mainland and began to build hill forts for protection.
They might have left their islands as melting glaciers raised the level of the sea above the islands, but most of the Orkneys are presently above sea level.
Read more about these societies here:
Many invaders landed their ships and soldiers near what is now called Dover. Dover was the closest area to France where medieval warships with invasion troops could land.
Rome came during a severe storm in which many of their ships and crews were lost. Then marching inland the Romans met stiff resistance from local tribes around the area now called London.
The Romans leftn the face of fierce warriors only to return later and set up a settlement near a village known as London, then built a protective wall around it to keep the tribes out. See
500 years later the Romans were through and went back to Europe. Into the vacuum poured Germanic tribes. They also crossed the channel during a large storm and many of their boats suffered the same fate as did the Romans in 55 BC.
Like the Romans before them, the Saxons also met heavy tribal resistance, but eventually won the battles, and like the Romans before them, started a settlement in Kent and built their empires with many petty kings
In 1066 Normans stomped in with their big war horses and that event ushered in the version of modern history we are most familiar with.
One of my favorite reads was written by a monk known as Bede. He wrote in an ecumenical style about the early people of England and how they eventually converted to Christianity.
Dover in Prehistoric Times : Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age
Roman Dover : home of the Roman fleet, the Classis Britannica
Norman Invasion : conflict with the French king, 1066 and all that
Medieval Dover : growth of the castle; the Cinque Ports
Tudor and Stuart Dover : a favorite of royalty
19th Century Dover : development of the defenses; Dover as a seaside resort
Dover this Century : Dover to the present day.