Brief History Of Fairfield County:
The origin of the name Fairfield is not known,
but local legend attributes it to a remark by Lord Cornwallis about the "fair
fields" of the area. The county was formed in 1785 as a part of Camden District.
The town of Winnsboro, which was settled around 1755, is the county seat.
Fairfield County lies between the upcountry and the lowcountry areas of the
state, and it was settled both by Scotch-Irish immigrants from colonies to the
north and by English and French Huguenot planters from the lowcountry. In the
colonial period this area was a center for the Regulator movement, which sought
to bring law and order to the backcountry.
During the Revolutionary War, Lord
Cornwallis made his headquarters in Winnsboro from October 1780 to January 1781;
the county was also invaded by General Sherman's troops during the Civil War.
Cotton production was the major economic activity of the area, but the county
also produced Winnsboro Blue Granite.
Some prominent residents of the county
were Regulator leader Thomas Woodward (d. 1779), Revolutionary War soldier
Richard Winn (1750-1818), and artist Laura Glenn Douglas (1886-1962).
History courtesy of the South Carolina State Library
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