Florida African American Timeline*
Juan las Canarias, a Black sailor, serves on Christopher Columbus's
the Santa Maria to the New World.
Estevanico, an African slave, accompanies Andres de Dorants on an
to conquer Florida.
A free African Spaniard serves as the interpreter on Coronados'
southwest North America.
Juan Merion, a free African, blacksmith came to St. Augustine from
1683, he opened his own forge, blacksmithing for the royal armorer and private
King Charles II of Spain issues a royal proclamation giving
runway in Florida who become practicing Catholics.
Merchants Isavel de los Rios, a free Black woman and Captain
Chrispin de Tapia, a free Black man testifies in a court case
against several Apalachee Native Americans had given them
Fugitive slaves from Carolina form a slave militia in St. Augustine.
north of St. Augustine, they build Fort Mose and a small town.
1763 The French and Indian War ends and Florida becomes an English colony.
1790 The Spanish rescinds policy of religious sanctuary for fugitive slaves.
In Duval, Nassau, and St. Johns counties, slaves and free Blacks
percent of the population.
1845 Florida becomes the twenty-seventh state in the United States.
T. Thomas Fortune was born a slave in Marianna, Florida. Fortune later
founds the newspaper New Age.
Florida seceded from the Union January 10. The next month,
representatives participate in the formation of the Confederate States.
1865 The U.S. Congress established the Freedmen's Bureau to aid African Americans.
Josiah T. Walls becomes Florida's first African American member
the U.S. House
of Representatives. Others African Americans politicians in Florida are John Wallace,
Henry Harmon, Charles Pearce, Robert Meachem, and Jonathan Gibbs.
1883 Eatonville is the first all African American incorporated town.
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College is founded to provide
to African Americans.
A. Philip Randolph is born in Crescent City, Florida Randolph organizes
the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, an African American AFL union.
1903 Author Zora Neale Hurston is born in Eatonville, Florida.
1904 Mary McLeod Bethune founds the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Girls.
1923 The first week of January a race riot erupts in Rosewood.
William (Bill) De Kova White, the first African American president of
National Baseball League was born in Lakewood.
1958 Blanche Calloway is the first African American woman to vote in Miami.
Joe Lang Kershaw becomes the first African American elected
to the Florida legislature in this century.
Joseph W. Hatchett of Pinellas County takes the bench as Florida's
African American Supreme Court Justice.
Daniel " Chappie" James, dies of a heart attack. He was the first
Governor Lawton Chiles names former African American legislator, Doug
to be Commissioner of Education