IDENTIFICATION: COUNTY NAME: Baker COUNTY SEAT: Macclenny NEAREST METROPOLITAN AREA: Jacksonville POPULATION: COUNTY POPULATION: 1980: 15,289 1990: 18,486 1994: 19,700 POPULATION PROJECTIONS: 2000: 21,810 2005: 23,126 2010: 24,338 COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE: NATURAL CHANGE: 637 NET MIGRATION: 577 TOTAL: 1,214 POPULATION AGE BREAKDOWN: 0-17: 5,832 18-44: 8,543 45-64: 3,650 65+ : 1,675 COUNTY AREA: 585 POPULATION DENSITY: 33.60 POP SURROUNDING COUNTIES: 961,383 LARGEST INCORPORATED MUNICIPALITIES: NAME POPULATION 1. Macclenny 4,106 2. Glen Saint Mary 470 EMPLOYMENT: LABOR FORCE: COUNTY CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE: 9,449 UNEMPLOYMENT RATE: 6.00 LABOR FORCE OF SURROUNDING COUNTIES 514,596 COUNTY NONFARM EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY: AGRICULTURAL SERVICES: 51 MINING: 0 TRADE: 1197 TRANSPROTATION; PUBLIC UTILITIES: 257 MANUFACTURING: 324 CONSTRUCTION: 222 FIN, INS, REAL ESTATE: 210 SERVICES: 872 GOVERNMENT: 2713 TOTAL: 5846 SELECTED ECONOMIC INDICATORS: INCOME: PER CAPITA PERSONAL INCOME: 14,158 MEDIAN EFFECTIVE BUYING INCOME PER HOUSEHOLD: 0 TAXABLE SALES: 66,054,000 BUILDING PERMITS: 6,906,000 GOVERNMENT: TYPE: COMMISSIONER COMMISSION/MANAGER X ZONING REGULATIONS yes PLANNING COMMISSION yes COUNTY TAXES: AD VALOREM MILLAGE RATE: GOVERNMENT: 9.3300 SPECIAL DISTRICT: 4.4144 SCHOOLS: 9.5360 TOTAL: 23.2804 ARE LOCAL OPTION AD VALOREM TAX EXEMPTIONS AVAILABLE? no UTILITY SERVICE TAX? yes RATE 10.00% LOCAL OPTION SALES TAX: 1.0000 LOCAL OPTION GASOLINE TAX $0.0600 PER GALLON FINANCIAL: NUMBER OF BANKS: DOMESTIC: 3 FOREIGN: 0 S&L ASSOCIATIONS: 0 BANKS FINANCIAL STANDING (THOUSANDS): DOMESTIC (TOTAL DEPOSITS): 83,068 FOREIGN (TOTAL ASSETS): 0 S&L ASSOC (TOTAL SAVINGS): 0 DOES LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUE INDUSTRIAL REVENUE BONDS? yes IS TAX INCREMENT FINANCING AVAILABLE? no UTILITIES: ELECTRICITY: POWER SUPPLIERS: Clay Electric, Florida Power & Light, and Okefenoke Rural Electric WATER: SUPPLIERS: City of Macclenny WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT: St. Johns River; Suwannee River MAJOR WATER SOURCE: RIVER LAKE WELLS X IS WATER AVAILABLE FOR NEW INDUSTRY? yes SANITATION: STORM SEWER yes SANITARY SEWER yes SEWAGE TREATMENT TYPE: PRIMARY SECONDARY X TERTIARY SEPTIC IS SEWERAGE AVAILABLE FOR NEW INDUSTRY? yes SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL: SANITARY LANDFILL X OTHER NATURAL GAS: DISTRIBUTOR None IS GAS AVAILABLE FOR NEW INDUSTRY? no OTHER FUEL SOURCES: NUMBER OF DISTRIBUTORS SERVING COUNTY? FUEL OIL 1 COAL 0 LP GAS 2 INDUSTRIAL SUPPORT SERVICES: CLOSEST: COMPUTER SERVICES yes ENGINEERING yes PLATING no Jacksonville MACHINE SHOP yes CAR & TRUCK RENTAL yes SECURITY SERVICES no Jacksonville JOB PRINTING yes BONDED WAREHOUSING no Jacksonville FREIGHT FORWARDER no Jacksonville INDUSTRIAL PARKS: NUMBER OF INDUSTRIAL PARKS DEVELOPED: 1 INDUSTRIAL PARK ACREAGE: 34 ACREAGE ZONED FOR MANUFACTURING: 34 COUNTY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: FOREIGN TRADE ZONE no CLOSEST Jacksonville WORLD TRADE COUNCIL no ENTERPRISE ZONE no MAJOR PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYERS: LARGEST EMPLOYERS/PRODUCT OR SERVICE/TOTAL EMPLOYEES: 1. COMPANY: Ray's Nursery PRODUCTS: Wholesale Plants EMPLOYEES: 275 2. COMPANY: Macclenny Products PRODUCTS: Clothing Manufacturer EMPLOYEES: 130 3. COMPANY: Wiremil, Inc. PRODUCTS: Prestress Concrete EMPLOYEES: 95 TRANSPORTATION: INTERSTATES/TURNPIKES: 1. I-10 MAJOR HIGHWAYS: 1. US 90 RAILROADS: 1. CSX MAJOR COMMERCIAL AIRPORT SERVING COUNTY: Jacksonville International DISTANCE TO COUNTY SEAT 46 miles AVERAGE NUMBER OF DAILY FLIGHTS: 220 NO. OF AIRLINES SERVING AIRPORT: 17 LENGTH OF LONGEST RUNWAY: 10,000 AIRPORT SERVICES OFFERED: CHARTER: yes PRIVATE AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE: yes CUSTOMS PORT OF ENTRY: yes IMMIGRATION: yes AIR CARGO: yes INTERNATIONAL AIR: yes LOCAL COMMERCIAL/EXECUTIVE AIRPORTS: 1. Lake City Municipal RUNWAY LENGTH: 8,000 RUNWAY SURFACE: Asphalt LIGHTED RUNWAY: yes AIRCRAFT TIEDOWN: yes NEAREST PORT WITH DOCKING FACILITIES: 1. Port of Jacksonville DISTANCE: 30 miles DEPTH: 38' WAREHOUSING: yes STEVEDORING: yes COMMUNICATIONS: NEWSPAPERS: LARGEST LOCAL Baker County Press CIRCULATION: 5,600 LARGEST REGIONAL Florida Times Union CIRCULATION: 256,710 RADIO: NUMBER OF RADIO STATIONS RECEIVED: AM 5 FM 7 TELEVISION: CABLE AVAILABLE yes NUMBER OF NON-CABLE CHANNELS RECEIVED 7 TELEPHONE: TELEPHONE SERVICE COMPANY Northeast Florida Telephone Company MAIL/PARCEL: NEAREST REGIONAL MAIL HANDLING FACILITY:Jacksonville PARCEL SERVICE yes AIR/OVERNIGHT PARCEL SERVICE yes K-12 EDUCATION: PUBLIC: SCHOOLS: 8 TEACHERS: 233 ENROLLMENT: 4,424 PRIVATE: SCHOOLS: 0 TEACHERS: 0 ENROLLMENT: 0 MATH: 72.00 COMMUNICATIONS: 83.00 THERE ARE 211 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES WITH 68.72 CONTINUING EDUCATION POST SECONDARY EDUCATION: COLLEGES OR UNIVERSITIES: 1. University of North Florida 2. University of Florida 3. Jacksonville University JUNIOR OR COMMUNITY COLLEGES (WITHIN 50 MILE RADIUS): 1. Lake City Community College 2. Florida Community College 3. Santa Fe Community College VO-TECH SCHOOLS (WITHIN 50 MILE RADIUS): 1. Bradford Vo-Tech 2. Westside Skills Center CURRICULUM OFFERED: DATA PROCESSING yes WELDING & CUTTING yes ELECTRICAL WIRING yes AVIATION/AVIONICS yes DRAFTING yes SHEET METAL yes MACHINE SHOP yes ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY yes LASER ELECTRO OPTICS no BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY yes ROBOTICS/COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURING yes MEDICAL: HOSPITALS: 2 NUMBER OF BEDS: 25 NURSING HOMES: 2 NUMBER OF BEDS: 128 PHYSICIANS: 16 DENTISTS: 4 FACILITIES: MOTELS: 3 TOTAL ROOMS AVAILABLE: 107 HOTELS: 0 TOTAL ROOMS AVAILABLE: 0 CIVIC AUDITORIUMS: 0 TOTAL SEATING CAPACITY: 0 REGIONAL MALLS: 0 SHOPPING CENTERS: 6 LIBRARIES: 1 CHURCHES: PROTESTANT: 36 JEWISH: 0 CATHOLIC: 1 OTHER: 0 RECREATION: TENNIS COURTS: yes BEACHES: no GOLF COURSES: yes CITY/STATE PARKS: yes BOATING: yes PUBLIC SWIMMING POOLS: no MOVIE THEATERS: no COUNTRY CLUBS: yes SYMPHONY: no MUSEUMS: no ZOO: no PARIMUTUEL WAGERING: no PRIMARY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT CONTACT: AGENCY Baker County Chamber of Commerce ADDRESS 20 East Macclenny Avenue CITY Macclenny ST FL ZIP 32063 PHONE (904) 259-6433
Baker County Land area (rank): 585 square miles (48) Population 1993 (rank): 19,527 (51) Population density 1993 (rank): 33 persons per square mile (49) Growth 1980-1990 (rank): 20.9% (47) Physical Characteristics Baker County is on the Florida-Georgia border between Nassau, Duval, and Clay counties to the east and Columbia County to the west. To the south are Union and Bradford counties. The county has 3 square miles of water. The average January temperature is 55.0 degrees F, and the average August temperature is 81.2 degrees F. The average annual rainfall is 49.27 inches. History Baker County was established in 1861 from New River County and named for James McNair Baker (1822-92), Confederate States senator and judge in Florida's Fourth Judicial District. The Civil War Battle of Olustee was fought just east of the town of Olustee. Population In 1993 over three-quarters of Baker County's population was in unincorporated areas. The county's most populous incorporated place is Macclenny with a 1993 population of 4,050. All the other settlements in the county have populations under 1,000. In 1993, 84% of Baker County's population was white and 16% was nonwhite. In 1990, 1.1% of the population was Hispanic. Of the population increase between 1980 and 1990, 46.4% was due to net migration . The 1992 birth rate for the county was 15.0 live births per 1,000 persons, and the 1992 death rate was 6.7 deaths per 1,000 persons. In 1992 the infant mortality rate was 7.0 per 1,000. The leading causes of death in 1993 were heart disease, cancer, and stroke. Education Of all 1992 high school graduates, 73.6% planned to continue their education. The 1992 high school dropout rate for the county was 3.7%. In 1990, 64.1% of persons in the county were high school graduates, and 5.7% had completed four or more years of college. Colleges and universities. Served by Lake City Community College (Columbia County). Economy The per capita income in Baker County for 1993 was $14,534 (43rd highest in the state). The median household income in 1989 was $25,816. In 1989, 13.2% of families had incomes below the poverty level. In 1990, 18.3% of personal income in Baker County was derived from transfer payments. In 1992 the greatest numbers of persons in Baker County were employed in the government, retail trade, and services sectors. Major employers in the governmental sector were Northeast Florida State Hospital, Macclenny, and Baker Correctional Institution, Olustee. In the retail trade sector, eating and drinking establishments and food stores employed the greatest numbers of persons. In 1992 there were 193 farms in Baker County, totalling 24,489 acres (7% of land in the county). Approximately two-thirds of this land is devoted to poultry and livestock. In 1991, 25,884 thousand board feet of softwood logs and 222,197 cords of softwood for pulp (3rd highest amount in the state) and 2,914 cords of hardwood for pulp were produced. Lumber and wood products firms accounted for much of the manufacturing employment in Baker County. Forests and wetlands cover vast portions of the county and provide excellent opportunities for freshwater fishing and hunting for quail, turkey, and deer. Median value of a single-family home 1990: $53,400 Median monthly rent 1990: $225 Mobile homes as a % of total housing: 43.2 Housing starts (1992): 77 Housing starts (1993): 73 In 1992 the price level index for Baker County was 91.75 (54th highest in the state). Local Government In 1993, the ad valorem millage rate was 9.3300, and the total taxable value of property was $239,879,590. Taxable sales totalled $65.30 million in 1992 and $60.30 million in 1993. Lottery sales totalled $2,255 thousand in 1992-93. In 1990-91 Baker County's revenues totalled $11,668 thousand ($617.2 per capita) and its expenditures $10,298 ($544.7 per capita). Of those 18 years of age and older, 73.6% were registered to vote in 1992. Of these 93.8% registered Democrat and 5.5% registered Republican. In the 1992 presidential election 50.6% of the votes were cast for Bush, 29.2% for Clinton, and 19.5% for Perot. Events and Places of Interest Olustee Battlefield; Old Baker Courthouse, Macclenny; Burnsed Blockhouse, vicinity of Sanderson.
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