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Arcane Medical Terminology

ABLEPSY - Blindness

ICTERUS - Jaundice

AGUE - Malarial Fever

IMPETIGO - Contagious skin disease characterized by pustules

AMERICAN PLAGUE - Yellow fever

INANITION - Physical condition resulting from lack of food

ANASARCA - Generalized massive edema


APHONIA - Laryngitis

INTESTINAL COLIC - Abdominal pain due to bad diet

APHTHA - The infant disease “Thrush”


APOPLEXY - Paralysis due to stroke


ASPHYCSIA/ASPHICSIA - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen

JAUNDICE - condition caused by blockage of intestines

ATELECTASIS - defective expansion of the pulmonary alveoli at birth


ATROPHY - Wasting away or diminishing in size.

KING’S EVIL - Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands


KRUCHHUSTEN - Whooping cough

BAD BLOOD - Syphilis


BILIOUS FEVER - Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis

LAGRIPPE - Influenza

BILIOUSNESS - Jaundice associated with liver disease

LOCKJAW - Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days

BLACK PLAGUE or DEATH - Bubonic or pnuemonic plague

LONG SICKNESS - Tuberculosis

BLACK FEVER - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate


BLACK POX - Black small pox

LUES VENERA - Venereal disease

BLACK VOMIT - Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever

LUMBAGO - Back pain

BLACKWATER FEVER - Dark urine associated with high temperature

LUNG FEVER - Pneumonia


LYING IN - Time of delivery of infant

BLOOD POISONING - Bacterial infection; septicemia


BLOODY FLUX - Bloody stools


BLOODY SWEAT - Sweating sickness

MANIA - Insanity

BONE SHAVE - Sciatica

MARASMUS - Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition

BRAIN FEVER - Meningitis



MENINGITIS - Inflammation of brain or spinal cord

BREAKBONE - Dengue Fever

METRITIS - Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge

BRIGHT’S DISEASE - Nephritis or Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys

MIASMA - Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air

BRONZE JOHN - Yellow fever

MILK FEVER - Disease from drinking

BULE - Boil, tumor or swelling

MILK LEG - Post partum thrombophlebitis


MILK SICKNESS - Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds

CACHEXY - Malnutrition

MORMAL - Gangrene

CACOGASTRIC - Upset stomach

MORPHEW - Scurvy blisters on the body

CACOSPYSY - Irregular pulse

MORTIFICATION - Gangrene or necrotic tissue

CADUCEUS - Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy

MYELITIS - Inflammation of the spine

CAMP FEVER - Typhus; aka Camp diarrhea

MYOCARDITIS - Inflammation of heart muscles

CANINE MADNESS - Rabies, hydrophobia


CANKER - Ulceration of mouth or lips; herpes simplex

NECROSIS - Mortification of bones or tissue

CATALEPSY - Seizures/traces

NEPHROSIS - Kidney degeneration

CATARRHAL - Inflammation of a mucous membrane, esp. effecting the nose and air passages

NEPHRITIS - Inflammation of kidneys

CEREBRITIS - Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning

NERVOUS PROSTRATION - Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities

CHILBLAIN - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold

NEURALGIA - Described as discomfort, such as “Headache” was neuralgia in head

CHILD BED FEVER – Infection following birth of a child

NEURASTHENIA - emotional and psychic disorder characterized esp. by fatigability and often lack of motivation

CHILD COUGH - Whooping cough

NOSTALGIA - Homesickness

CHLOROSIS - Iron deficiency anemia


CHOLERA - Acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing

PALSY - Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles.

CHOLERA MORBUS - Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature; possible appendicitis

PARESIS - Slight or partial paralysis

CHOLECYSTITUS - Inflammation of the gall bladder

PAROXYSM - Convulsion


PEMPHIGUS - Skin disease of watery blisters

CHOREA - Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing

PERICARDITIS - Inflammation of heart

COLD PLAGUE - Ague which is characterized by chills

PERIPNEUMONIA - Inflammation of lungs

COLIC - Abdominal pain and cramping

PERITONITIS - Inflammation of abdominal area


PERTUSSIS - Whooping Cough

CONSUMPTION - Tuberculosis

PETECHIAL FEVER - Fever characterized by skin spotting

CONGESTION - Any collection of fluid in an organ, i.e. lungs

PHTHIRIASIS - Lice infestation


PHTHISIS - Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis

CORRUPTION - Infection

PLAGUE - An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate.

CORYZA - A cold

PLEURISY - Any pain in the chest

COSTIVENESS - Constipation


CRAMP COLIC - Appendicitis

POLIOPOTTER’S ASTHMA - Fibroid phthisis

CROP SICKNESS - Overextended stomach

POTT’S DISEASE - Tuberculosis of spine

CROUP - Laryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat

PUERPERAL EXHAUSTION - Death due to child birth

CYANOSIS - Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood

PUERPERAL FEVER - Elevated temperature after giving firth to an infant

CYNANCHE - Diseases of throat

PUKING FEVER - Milk sickness

CYSTITIS - Inflammation of the bladder

PUTRID FEVER - Diphtheria



DAY FEVER - Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness


DEBILITY - Lack of movement or staying in bed

RHEUMATISM -Any disorder associated with pain in joints

DECREPITUDE - Feebleness due to old age

RICKETS - Disease of skeletal system

DELIRIUM TREMENS - Hallucinations die to alcoholism

ROSE COLD - Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy

DENGUE - Infectious fever endemic to East Africa

ROTANNY FEVER - (Child’s disease) ??

DENTITION - Cutting of teeth

RUBEOLA - German measles

DEPLUMATION - Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss


DIARY FEVER - A fever that lasts one day

SCARLATINA - Scarlet fever

DIPTHERIA - Contagious disease of the throat


DISTEMPER - Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia

SCIATICA - Rheumatism in the hips

DOCK FEVER -Yellow fever

SCIRRHUS - Cancerous tumors

DROPSY - Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease

SCOTOMY - Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight

DROPSY OF THE BRAIN - Encephalitis

SCRIVENER’S PALSY - Writer’s cramp

DRY BELLYACHE - Lead poisoning

SCREWS - Rheumatism

DYSCRASY - An abnormal body condition

SCROFULA - Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and pustules develop. Young person’s disease

DYSENTERY - Inflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood

SCRUMPOX - Skin disease, impetigo

DYSOREXY - Reduced appetite

SCURVY - Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under skin

DYSPEPSIA - Indigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms

SEPTICEMIA -Blood poisoning

DYSURY - Difficulty in urination

SHAKES - Delirium tremens


SHAKING - Chills, ague

ECLAMPSY - Symptoms of epilepsy or convulsions during labor

SHINGLES - Viral disease with skin blisters

ECSTASY - A form of catalepsy


EDEMA - Nephritis; swelling of tissues

SIRIASIS - Inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure

EDEMA OF LUNGS - Congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy

SLOES - Milk sickness

EEL THING (Erysipelas) - Contagious skin disease, due to streptococci with vesicular bulbous lesions 

SMALL POX - Contagious disease with fever and blisters

ELEPHANTIASIS - a form of leprosy

SOFTENING OF BRAIN - Result of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of tissue softening in that area

ENCEPHALITIS - Swelling of brain; aka sleeping sickness

SORE THROAT DISTEMPER - Diphtheria or quinsy

ENTERIC FEVER - Typhoid fever

SPANISH INFLUENZA - Epidemic influenza

ENTEROCOLITIS - Inflammation of the intestines

SPASMS - Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion

ENTERITIS - Inflation of the bowels

SPINA BIFIDA - Deformity of spine

EPITAXIS - Nose bleed

SPOTTED FEVER - Either typhus or meningitis

ERYSIPELAS -Contagious skin disease, due to streptococci with vesicular bulbous lesions

SPRUE - Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat.

EXTRAVASTED BLOOD - Rupture of a blood vessel

ST. ANTHONY’S FIRE - Also Erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance


ST. VITAS DANCE - Ceaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntarily


STOMATITIS -Inflammation of the mouth

FATTY LIVER - Cirrhosis of liver

STRANGER’S FEVER - Yellow fever

FITS - Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity


FLUX - An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea

SUDOR ANGLICUS - Sweating sickness

FLUX OF HUMOUR - Circulation

SUMMER COMPLAINT - Diarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk

FRENCH POX - Syphilis

SUNSTROKE - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause


SWAMP SICKNESS - Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis

GATHERING - A collection of pus

SWEATING SICKNESS - Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century

GLANDULAR FEVER - Mononucleosis


GREAT POX - Syphilis

TETANUS - Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness


THROMBOSIS -Blood clot inside blood vessel

GRIPPE/GRIP - Influenza like symptoms

THRUSH - Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat

GROCER’S ITCH - Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour

TICK FEVER -Rocky mountain spotted fever


TOXEMIA - Eclampsia

HEART SICKNESS - Condition caused by loss of salt from body

TRENCH MOUTH - Painful ulcers found along gumline, caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene

HEAT STROKE - Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma and death result if not reversed

TUSSIS CONVULSIVA - Whooping cough

HECTICAL COMPLAINT - Recurrent fever

TYPHUS - Infectious fever characterized by high fever headache and dizziness

HEMATEMESIS - Vomiting blood


HEMATURIA - Bloody urine

VARIOLA - Smallpox

HEMIPLEGY - Paralysis of one side of body


HIP GOUT - Osteomylitis

VIPER’S DANCE - See St. Vitus Dance

HORRORS - Delirium tremens


HYDROCEPHALUS - Enlarged head, water on the brain

WATER ON BRAIN - Enlarged head


WHITE SWELLING - Tuberculosis of the bone

HYDROTHROAX - Dropsy in chest

WINTER FEVER - Pneumonia

HYPERTROPHY - Excessive development of an organ (as thickening of muscle fibers)without multiplication of parts

WOMB FEVER -Infection of the uterus


WORM FIT - Convulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea




YELLOW JACKET - Yellow fever