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Chronology of the Southeast


1565 The Spanish founded St. Augustine, the first permanent white settlement in what is now the United States.
1607 The Virginia Company of London founded the first perma= nent English settlement in America at Jamestown.
1624 The King dissolved the Virginia Company and established Virginia as a crown colony with an elected assembly.
1632 A charter was granted to Cecilius Calvert, the 2nd Lord Baltimore. Maryland remained a proprietary colony until 1776, except for the years 1691-1715 when the colony reverted to the crown
1634 The ships Ark and Dove brought about 200 Catholic and Protestant English settlers to the Western Shore of the Chesapeake Bay, where St. Mary's, Maryland was established.
1650 The first permanent settlements were made in the Albermarle Sound area by colonist from Virginia.
1698 The Spanish founded Pensacola.
1670 The first permanent English settlement was made at Albermarle Point (Charles Town).
1702 Mobile was founded as a French settlement.
1706-1725 French Huguenots, German and Swiss colonists founded towns near the coast of North Carolina.
1710-1763 The Alabama area was governed by the France. The English, French, Spanish and Americans from South Carolina and Georgia established trading posts.
1710-1740s Passes across the Blue Ridge mountains leading from eastern Virginia into the Shenandoah Valley were discovered. Emigrants from Pennsylvania and New Jersey began to enter the valley.
1713-1719 The South Carolina region separated from North Carolina and became a royal colony. Records were kept in Charleston.
1716 Fort Rosalie, now Natchez, was established by the French on the Mississippi River.
1718 New Orleans was founded.
1729 Baltimore was founded. It soon became a major port and commercial center.
1730 Settlers began to move into the interior of South Carolina when the colonial government provided incentives for landowners in new townships.
1730-1770 Scottish Highlanders immigrated directly to North Carolina ports. People of Ulster Scottish and German descent arrived from Pennsylvania and Virginia using the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road.
1732 King George II of England granted a charter for the colony of Georgia as a place of refuge.
1733 James Oglethorpe founded the city of Savannah.
1734 German-speaking Salzburgers began to settle at Ebenezer, in present day Effingham County, Georgia.
1750-1784 Land grants made to the Ohio Company encouraged exploration beyond the Alleghenies.
1752 The charter was surrendered and Georgia became a crown colony.
1755-1785 After they had been expelled from Nova Scotia, 5,000 French-speaking Acadians settled in Louisiana.
1760-1761 The Cherokee War ended in a treaty that opened the up country of South Carolina for settlement. The Bounty Act of 1761 offered public land tax free for 10 years, and settlers began pouring into the up county.
1763 At the close of the Seven Years' War (French & Ind= ian War), Britain gained control of Florida. Settlers from Europe and the American colonies to the north began to move into the area. The provi= nces of East & West Florida were formed.
1763-1767 The Maryland-Pennsylvania boundary was established by the Mason-Dixon Line.
1763-1783 The Alabama area was governed by Great Britain.
1769 Nine original judicial districts were established in South Carolina, but records continued to be kept in Charleston until 1780.
1770s The Wilderness Road opened access across the Cumberland Gap from Virginia into Kentucky.
1776 Maryland adopted a Declaration of Rights and a state constitution.
1783 Most of the British settlers left when Spain regained Florida.
1783 Britain ceded the Mobile area to Spain. The rest of Alabama region was claimed by Georgia. The southern boundary was in dispute until 1795, when it was set at the 31st parallel, a few miles north of Mobile.
1784-1820 Thousands of Americans moved to Georgia seeking inexpensive land.
1788 Maryland officially became a state in the Union by ratifying the Constitution.
1788 Georgia becomes a state.
1788 South Carolina becomes a state.
1789 North Carolina became a state and ceded what is now Tennessee to the United States government.
1792 Kentucky becomes a separate state.
1798 Georgia abandoned claims to the area. The area north of the 31st parallel became part of the Mississippi Territory.
1802 Georgia relinquished its claims to lands west of the Chattahoochee River, these lands became part of Mississippi and Alabama.
1805 The first Georgia land lottery was held.
1812 The United States annexed portions of West Florida to Louisiana and to the Mississippi Territory.
1813-1814 During the War of 1812, American forces captured Mobile from the Spanish and defeated the Creek Indians. Removal of the Creeks and other Indian tribes was begun, and white settlers began pouring into the region, bringing black slaves with them.
1817 Congress created the Alabama Territory. Mississippi became a state.
1818 The National Road was completed from Cumberland to Wheeling.
1819 Spain ceded the remainder of West Florida and all of East Florida to the United States.
1819 Alabama was admitted to the Union as a state.
1822 Florida organized as a territory.
1845 Florida becomes a state.
1851 Baltimore City became an independent city and kept court, land, and probate records separately from the county.
1861-1865 Southern soldiers fought on both sides during the Civil War.
1861-1870 Most of Virginia joined the Confederacy, although fifty western counties broke off and were admitted to the Union as the state of West Virginia in 1863.

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