West Florida During the Civil War
Contributed by Laura Lee Scott
4 Nov -- Abraham Lincoln elected the 16th president of the United
26 Nov -- Governor Madison Starke Perry, from Alachua County, assembled
the legislature into special session, four days later he
20 Dec -- South Carolina secedes from the Union in protest that its
"states rights" had been violated.
6 Jan -- Governor Madison Perry authorizes the forming of a company in
Quincy (Quincy Guards) to seize U.S. Arsenal at Chattahoochee.
8 Jan -- An Ordinance of Secession is introduced before the State
Secession Convention at Tallahassee. Colonel William Chase is
Lt. Adam J. Slemmer, USA, posts guards at Fort Barrancas.
At 11:00 pm., 1st shots of the war were fired at Fort
10 Jan -- After a seven-day session Flordia, the Ordinance of Secession
was adopted by a vote of sixty-two to seven. Florida becomes
"a sovereign and independent nation."
Lt. Slemmer evacuates Fort Barrancas and moves to unoccupied
12 Jan -- Alabama secedes from the Union.
Commander James Armstrong, USN, surrenders the Navy Yard
to Florida and Alabama state troops.
21 Jan -- Senators David L. Yulee and Steven R. Mallory make their
farewell speeches to the U.S. Senate.
4 Feb -- Delegates from 6 seceded states; South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana met in Montgomery,
26 Feb -- Florida Convention approves Provisional Constitution of the
4 Mar -- Lincoln becomes President of the United States.
9 Mar -- Confederate secretary of war announced that at least 5,000
would be needed to guard Pensacola.
11 Mar -- Brigadier General Braxton Bragg assumes command of the
Confederate troops at Pensacola.
29 Mar -- Lincoln's cabinet votes to hold Fort Pickens.
12 Apr -- Fort Sumter occupied by the Federals is fired on by Southern
19 Apr -- Bragg declares martial law in the Pensacola area.
3 May -- Alabama & Florida Railroad is completed between Pensacola
and Montgomery, Alabama.
11 Nov -- Mobile & Great Northern Railroad is competed between Pollard
and Tensas Station, connects with Alabama & Florida Railroad
22/23 Nov -- Federal bombardment of Confederate position at Fort
Barrancas, much of Warrington and Woolsey is burned.
Feb -- Early Pensacola & Mobile Railroad & Manufacturing Company
completes trackage between Muscogee and 15-Mile Station
10 May -- Acting Mayor, Dr. John Brosnaham surrenders Pensacola to
Lt. Richard Jackson, USA. Federal troops occupy Pensacola.
June -- Pensacola City government-in-exile meets officially in
Greenville, Butler County, Alabama till end of the war.
17 Feb -- Federals scout from Pensacola to Oakfield.
14/15 June -- Federal patrol from Pensacola to Milton
1 Apr -- Barrancas Command finishes move to Blakely and there is a
skirmish at Bluff Springs or Canoe Creek.
20 May -- Florida is formally surrendered to Federal forces by Acting
Governor A. K. Allison.
25 Jun -- Florida is readmitted to the Union.
[ BACK TO THE TOP ]
Civil War Operataion In and Around Pensacola
Bearss, Edwin C.
Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 36, No 2 & Vol. 39, Nos. 3 & 4.
CIS U.S. Serial Set Index
Part I American State Papers and the 15th - 34th Congresses
1789 - 1857. Part II 35th 45th Congresses 1857 - 1879
University of West Florida, Reference, Z1223 Z7 C26
CIS U.S. Serial Set 1789 - 1969
(Microfiche) (117,000 fiche)
The U.S. Serials Set is an on going collection of U.S. Government
publications compiled under directive of the Congress. It contains
comprehensive and often detailed information on an extremely wide
range of subjects. The set includes congressional documents and such
non-congressional materials as Congress has from time to time ordered
printed for its use and distribution.
EXAMPLE: 1883, 47TH Congress, 2nd session, Senate Executive Document,
Vol. 5, pt 1
Pensioners on January 1, 1883
I. New England, New Jersey and Dist.of Columbia 8 fiche
II. New York, Pennsylvania 10 fiche
III. Ohio, Illinois, Iowa 9 fiche
IV. Northwest and Western States territories 9 fiche
V. Mid Atlantic, Gulf and Central States 7 fiche
Confederate Military History
Extended Edition, 19 volumes includes indexes
at the John C. Pace Library, University West Florida E545 C 64
1987 (see West Florida Footprints, Vol. 12 page 12)
The Civil War and Reconstruction in Florida, 1913
Davis, William Watson
Dickinson and His Men
University of Florida Press, reprint 1962
introduction by Samuel Proctor.
Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
Dyer, Frederick H.,
Dyer Publishing Co, 1908. Des Moines, IA.
(Has chronology, Federal Army organizations and regimental
histories. Quite accurate.)
Soldiers of Florida
Florida Board of State Institutions, Live Oak, FL,
1903, Rosters and regimental histories, somewhat inaccurate.
Florida During the Civil War
Johns, John E
University of Florida Press, 1963
The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events
Moore, Frank, ed.,
New York: GP. Putnam
with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc.,
12 vols. 1861-1868 At the John C. Pace Library, UWF
partially bound volumes and on microfilm.
Pensacola in the Civil War
Parks, Virginia, Alan Rick & Norman Simoms
Pensacola Historical Society, Spring 1978
Florida Civil War Records