Main   |   County List   |   Surnames Listing   |   Submissions   |   Contact Us   |   Updates    |    Military

 

Introduction Signatures of Depositors

 

Introduction

National Archives Microfilm Publications - Copied from Roll 1, Huntsville, Alabama

 

     On the 27 rolls of this microfilm publication are reproduced 55 volumes containing signatures of and personal identification data about depositors in 29 branch offices of the Freedman Savings and Trust Company; 1865-74.

     The Company was incorporated by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1865 (13 Stat. 510), as a banking institution established in the city of Washington, District of Columbia, for the benefit of freed slaves. The military savings banks at Norfolk, Va., and Beaufort, S.C., were transferred to the Company soon after it was founded. From 1865 through 1870 a total of 33 branches were established, including an office that was opened in New York, N. Y., in 1866.

     In 1874 the Company failed and by the terms of an act of Congress approved June 20, 1874 (18 Stat. 132), the trustees were authorized to select, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, three commissioners to take charge of the effects of the Company and to report on its financial state to the Secretary of the Treasury. The arrangement was altered by an act of Congress approved February 21, 1881 (21 Stat. 327), whereby the Secretary of the Treasury was authorized and directed to appoint the Comptroller of the Currency to administer the affairs of the Company. The Comptroller was made commissioner ex officio and he submitted annual reports to Congress. The final report on the trust company was submitted in 1920.

     The information contained in many of the registers is as follows: account number, name of depositor, date of entry, place born, place brought up, residence, age,  complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband, children, father, mother, brothers and sisters, remarks, and signature. The early books sometimes also contain the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. In many entries not all the requested data are given. Copies of death certificates have been pinned to some of the entries. In each case the certificate has been filmed immediately after the page that shows the registration of the person's signature.

     The registers are arranged alphabetically by name of State. The entries are arranged alphabetically by name of city where the bank was located, thereunder chronologically by date when the account was established, and thereunder numerically by account number. Many numbers are missing, a few are out of numerical order, and in some cases blocks of  numbers were not used. Many registers seem to be missing. The volume for Philadelphia, Pa., dated January 7, 1870, to June 26, 1874, contains signatures of officers of societies.

     Filmed after these introductory remarks is an index that gives the location and the date of the organization of the branch. The first part also gives the account numbers and the numbers of the rolls of microfilm on which the registers are filmed. There are no account numbers or registers available for the branches listed in the second part.

     The records reproduced in this microfilm publication are part of the records in the National Archives designated as Record Group 101, Records of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.

     Closely related records in the same record group include indexes to deposit ledgers (42 vols.). The ledgers are arranged alphabetically by name of State, thereunder by name of city, and thereunder by name of depositor. As the indexes to the deposit ledgers include the depositor's account number they can serve as a finding aid to the registers of signatures reproduced in this microcopy, which are not indexed. Other related records include loan and real estate ledgers and journals, 1870-1916, arranged alphabetically by name of city and thereunder by depositor's account number; and letters received by the commissioners of the Company and by the Comptroller of the Currency as ex officio commissioner, 1870-1914. Interspersed among these records are legal papers, canceled checks, payrolls, expense checks, and passbooks. 

     Other record groups containing related documents are Record Group 105, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, and Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917.

     The records reproduced in this microcopy were prepared for filming by Lockwood Wright, who also wrote these introductory remarks and provided the other editorial material.

 

National Archives Microfilm Index for Freedmenís Savings & Trust Co.  

Branch Location  Organization Date Account Number Microfilm Roll 

Atlanta , GA

Jan 1870  

1-4518

6

Augusta , GA

Mar 1866

2167-6701

7

Baltimore, MD

Mar 1866 

1-4; 220-6768 

13

Baltimore , MD  

Oct 1866

2732-5989 

20

Charleston , SC

Jan 1866

1-319; 2151-3824

21

-

-

3833-6626

22

-

-

6627-11103 

23

Columbus, MS  

Aug 1870  

9-927

14

Huntsville , ALA  

Dec 1865 

1-1698

1

Lexington , KY

Nov 1870  

1-1928; 5122-7336 

11

Lynchburg , VA  

Sept 1865

153-215

26

Memphis , TN

Dec 1865 

1-1995; 2000-6298

24

Mobile , ALA        

Jan 1866  

777-1567;

-

-

-

1572-2326

-

-

-

4287-9173

2

Nashville , TN

Mar 1870   

4174-6189

25

Natchez , MS

Oct 1865  

1-7007  

14

New Bern , N.C.  

Jan 1866 

4174-6189  

25

New Orleans , LA

Jan 1866 

5-1017; 4365-8569

12

New York , N.Y.  

July 1866  

1422-6943

17

Norfolk , VA 

Jun 1865 

3950-5424  

26

Philadelphia , PA

Jan 1870

1-3004  

19

Raleigh, NC  

Jan 1868

9-15 

18

Richmond , VA  

Oct 1865

232-1582

-

-

-

1591-3948;

-

-

-

4005-7691

27

Savannah , GA

Jan 1866

1-1137

-

-

-

1298-4947 

8

-

-

4948-9868

9

-

-

9869-14558 

10

Shreveport , LA

June 1868   

149-1320

12