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SLAVERY ERA INSURANCE REGISTRY

Reference: California Department of Insurance

In August 2000 the California legislature found that

"Insurance policies from the slavery era have been discovered in the archives of several insurance companies, documenting insurance coverage for slaveholders for damage to or death of their slaves, issued by a predecessor insurance firm. These documents provide the first evidence of ill-gotten profits from slavery, which profits in part capitalized insurers whose successors remain in existence today." SB2199 Sec. 1(a).

Governor Davis signed the bill into law in September 2000. The statute took effect January 1, 2001. California Code of Regulations, Title 10, Sections 2393 - 2398  implement the statute.

13810 The Commissioner shall request and obtain information from insurers licensed and doing business in this state regarding any records of slaveholder insurance policies issued by any predecessor corporation during the slavery era.

13811 The Commissioner shall obtain the names of any slaveholders or slaves described in those insurance records, and shall make the information available to the public and the Legislature.

13812 Each insurer licensed and doing business in this state shall research and report to the Commissioner with respect to any records within the insurer's possession or knowledge relating to insurance policies issued to slaveholders that provided converage for damage to or death or their slaves.

13813 Descendants of slaves, whose ancestors were defined as private property, dehumanized, divided from their families, forced to perform labor without appropriate compensation or benefits, and whose ancestors' owners were compensated for damages by insurers, are entitled to full disclosure.

Below is information received from insurers in response to this statute in the form of a database of slave and slaveholder names and identifying information. This excerpt includes only Georgia insured.

 

Slaveholder Last, First Name

County (or Parish), State

Slave Name

County (or Parish), State

Other Identifying Information

Submitted By

Adams Hopkins & Co.,

Augusta, GA

Edmund

Same

Waiter Policy Number(s): 1395

New York Life Insurance Company

Adams, George

Savannah, GA

Sarah

Same

House servant Policy Number(s): 590

New York Life Insurance Company

Adams, John

Augusta, GA

Jacob

Same

in printing office Policy Number(s): 388

New York Life Insurance Company

Adams, Patrick

Columbus, GA

Sam

Same

Mason Policy Number(s): 830

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard

Savannah, GA

Jim Howard

Same

Carpenter Policy Number(s): 1862

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard

Savannah, GA

Albert

Same

Labourer Policy Number(s): 1982

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Jim Dudley

Savannah, GA

Labourer Policy Number(s): 1981

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Bill Hyman

Wilmington, NC

Laborer Policy Number(s): 286 (960)

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Ned Martin

Wilmington, NC

Cook Policy Number(s): 285 (957, 1816)

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Hardy

Wilmington, NC

Laborer Policy Number(s): 284 (955)

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Andrew

Wilmington, NC

Laborer in mill and distillery Policy Number(s): 1148 (1847)

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Alleck a/k/a Aleck, Alexander a/k/a Burr

 

Wilmington, NC

Employed in a mill Policy Number(s): 1149 (1850)

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Anthony

Wilmington, NC

At a saw mill Policy Number(s): 1150

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Peter

Wilmington, NC

Employed at a mill Policy Number(s): 1151 (1849)

New York Life Insurance Company

Bradley, Richard (Savannah, GA) and Giles, William Burke (Wilmington, NC)

Savannah, GA, and Wilmington, NC

Bill

Wilmington, NC

Laborer at mill Policy Number(s): 1152 (1848)

New York Life Insurance Company

De Loache & Wilcosson,

Macon, GA

Dick

Same

Coach maker Policy Number(s): 1066

New York Life Insurance Company

De Loache & Wilcosson,

Macon, GA

Sandford

Same

Apprentice to  smith Policy Number(s): 1202

New York Life Insurance Company

Gardelle, Adolphus

Augusta, GA

Harriett

Same

Merchant Policy Number(s): 486

New York Life Insurance Company

Garmany, George

Hamburg, GA

Joe

NOT LISTED,

The Parrott Plantation, 3 miles from Hamburg, Field work Policy Number(s): 583

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Sam

Same

Carriage painter Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Alick

Savannah, GA

Waiter Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Jack

Same

Wheelwright Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Apollo

Charleston, SC

Laborer Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Tartan

Charleston, SC

Carpenter Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Lettia

Charleston, SC

House servant Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Phyllis

Charleston, SC

House servant Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Adelandi a/k/a Adelaide

 

Charleston, SC

Mantua maker Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Ron a/k/a Rose

 

Charleston, SC

House servant Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Georgia Insurance & Trust Company re Insurance,

Augusta, GA

Sam

Charleston, SC

Laborer Policy Number(s): 268

New York Life Insurance Company

Grimes, Sterling

Columbus, GA

Emeline

Same

Cook Policy Number(s): 1567

New York Life Insurance Company

Haviland, Risley & Co.,

Augusta, GA

Jack

Same

Hand on a steam boat Policy Number(s): 1142

New York Life Insurance Company

Hopkins, Thomas

Augusta, GA

Charles

Same

Moulder Policy Number(s): 1525

New York Life Insurance Company

Hopkins, Thomas

Augusta, GA

Edmund

Same

Moulder Policy Number(s): 1526

New York Life Insurance Company

Hopkins, Thomas

Augusta, GA

Reuben

Same

Moulder Policy Number(s): 1527

New York Life Insurance Company

ILLEGIBLE, Thomas

Savannah, GA

Perry

Same

Laborer aboard steamboat Policy Number(s): 393

New York Life Insurance Company

Kent, Jesse

Augusta, GA

Susan

Same

House servant Policy Number(s): 837

New York Life Insurance Company

Kent, Jesse

Augusta, GA

Sellah

Same

House servant Policy Number(s): 838

New York Life Insurance Company

Kent, Jesse

Augusta, GA

Hester

Same

House servant Policy Number(s): 846

New York Life Insurance Company

Kent; John B. Murphy for, John

Augusta, GA

Hester

Same

NOT LISTED Policy Number(s): 586

New York Life Insurance Company

Moderwell, Martha

Augusta, GA

George

Same

Servant in grocery Policy Number(s): 644

New York Life Insurance Company

Oliver, Stephen

Augusta, GA

Robert

Same

Stove Boy Policy Number(s): 442 (1167)

New York Life Insurance Company

Oliver, Stephen

Augusta, GA

Eliza

Same

slave Policy Number(s): 487 (1168)

New York Life Insurance Company

Platt, Charles

Augusta, GA

James

Same

House servant Policy Number(s): 1123

New York Life Insurance Company

Platt, Charles

Augusta, GA

Camilla

 

Same

Seamstress Policy Number(s): 1124

New York Life Insurance Company

Platt, Charles

Augusta, GA

William

Same

In furniture store Policy Number(s): 1125 (1913)

New York Life Insurance Company

Platt, Charles

Augusta, GA

Cecilia

Same

Servant Policy Number(s): 1350

New York Life Insurance Company

Savage, William

Augusta, GA

Joseph

Same

Barber Policy Number(s): 1075

New York Life Insurance Company

Sistrunk, Jacob

Augusta, GA

Richard or Dick Sistrunk

 

Same

NOT LISTED Policy Number(s): 261

New York Life Insurance Company

Summers, George

Augusta, GA

Elliott

 

Same

Gunsmith Policy Number(s): 622 (1401)

New York Life Insurance Company

Thompson, Joseph

Savannah, GA

Jim

Same

Carpenter Policy Number(s): 513

New York Life Insurance Company

Walker, G

Hamburg, GA

Robert

Same

No particular occupation Policy Number(s): 1349

New York Life Insurance Company