Edmund was born September 4, 1820 in Liberty County, Georgia to Judge Banner Thomas and Mary Mixon Thomas. He married Martha Dowling, daughter of Darling and Sophia Davis Dowling.
They had eight children:
1) John, born 15 Oct 1849, died 02 May 1913. He married 1st Harriet E. Jones, 2nd Sarah Mozelle Donaldson. John and Sarah are buried in Patterrson Cemetery, Patterson, GA.
2) Mary, born 10 Mar 1850, died 15 Jan 1894, married John A. Jacobs. They are buried in High Bluff Cemetery, Brantley County, GA.
3) Martha, born 18 Oct 1851, died 21 Aug 1924, married Richard C. Stokes *CSA.* They are buried in High Bluff Cemetery.
4) Margaret, born 06 May 1853, died 27 Nov 1933, married Elijah Duncan O'Quinn. They are burried in New Hope Cemetery, Hickox, GA.
5) Marzilla, born 18 Apr 1855, died 02 Dec 1896, married Amos Caswell Warren. They are buried in New Hope Cemetery.
6) Banner Mixon, born 09 Feb 1857, died 22 Oct 1936, married 1st Mary Elizabeth Jones, 2nd Margaret "Peggy" Knox, 3rd Harriet Ann Elizabeth Chloe Howard Herrin
7) Sophia, born 1859, died between 1883-1884. She was the 1st wife of James Benjamin Harris. Sophia's burial place is unknown, James is buried in the Patterson Cemetery.
8) Edmund Thomas Jr, born 1861, married Nancy Lucretia Jones.
On 4 March 1862, Edmund Thomas enlisted for "three years or the war" in Company A, 50th Georgia Infantry, with his neighbors and family. He served as a sergeant in Captain John T. Wilson's Company known as the Satilla Rangers.
He was captured by federal forces on their march north. After being treated at the United States Army Hospital in Frederick, Maryland, he was transferred to Fort Delaware on Pea Patch Island as of 19 September 1862.
Sgt. Thomas died at Fort Delaware and according to a prisoner's diary, was buried on Pea Patch Island. In 1875 under the aegis of the United States Quartermaster General, the remains of Confederate and Union men who died on the island before June 1863 were disinterred and reinterred at Finn's Point National Cemetery in New Jersey. Not all of the remains were identified.
When Martha Dowling Thomas died her children placed a memorial to their parents in the High Bluff Cemetery where generations of the family were buried. It reads:
"SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF MARTHA THOMAS. BORN MARCH THE 17 1827, DIED MARCH THE 10 1875, AGE 47 YEARS 11 MONTHS 23 DAYES. EDMUND THOMAS, HUSBAND OF MARTHA THOMAS, WAS BORN SEPT THE 4 1820. DIED IN WAR. DATES UNKNOWN. WE BELIEVE OUR PARETS IS IN HEAVEN AT REST. LET US STRIVE TO MEET THEM THERE."