A Crawford Family
of Wiregrass Georgia and Florida
Dale M. Crawford
19 Rue Calais
Kenner, Louisiana 70065-2010
11 December 1991
published serially in the 1993 issues of Georgia Genealogical
This genealogy of the Crawford family is dedicated to the man who
me my interest in this Crawford family as well as my Crawford name:
Odom Millard Crawford of Jacksonville, Florida. My father is a son
Thomas Aaron Crawford, who was a son of John C. Crawford.
The Crawford family of this article is a large family that is
currently concentrated in the Wiregrass region of southeastern
northeastern Florida. Individual members reside throughout the
States. Other branches of this family undoubtedly exist, but are
yet known to the author. There appears to be little written on
and there are mistakes in the material that is written on this
This article is intended to address this lack of published
to stimulate interest in this family so that answers to the
may become known.
The organization of this article will follow the line of the
enquiry into this family. This organization, perhaps unusual for
article in genealogical research, aids significantly in clarifying
is and isn't known about this family.
The enquiry initially concentrated on the branch of the Crawford
that settled in Baker and Bradford counties in northeastern
The author is a member of this branch of the family. The goals of
enquiry were and are to identify the immigrant Crawford who
the family in this country, approximately when he arrived, and his
country of origin. While this goal remains unchanged, it has not
been met, and enough research has been completed to suggest that
achieving the goal will be a long and arduous process.
What was Known from Family Traditions
Prior to beginning research, a number of the older members of the
family were contacted in order to learn as much as possible about
was known. This information is summarized in this section. There is
family tradition that this Crawford family is of Scotch-Irish
and that the family moved into Georgia from Virginia through the
Carolinas. There is also a family tradition of a group of several
brothers who together were believed to make up an earlier generation
The author's great-grandfather was John C. Crawford, who was born
somewhere in Georgia and who died in Baker County, Florida. On the
of an old photograph of John C. Crawford in the possession of the
author's father is the handwritten annotation, "John C. Crawford
1834-1912", accompanied by no other information. Based on this note,
John C. Crawford was believed to have been born in 1834 and to have
died in 1912. John C. Crawford was a farmer throughout his adult
and was a Primitive Baptist minister for some part of his life. He
married to Elizabeth Roberts, and they were the parents of a large
family, with nine children whose names and birth dates were known
through family records. There was also a memory that John C.
had a child named Harly or Harlan by an earlier marriage.
The Beginning of the Search
Research located John C. Crawford in census records. In 1860, he
in Pierce County, Georgia [53, p. 1022]. By 1870, he had moved to
Charlton County, Georgia [54, p. 25] . By 1880, he had moved to
County, Florida, where he can be found in the 1880 U. S. and the
Florida censuses of Baker County [55, 58].
In the 1860 census of Pierce County, John C. Crawford is listed as a
farmer with a spouse named Mariann and a son named Harly of age one
year. This marriage is evidently his first marriage. The 1870 census
Charlton County, Georgia, finds John C. Crawford listed as a farmer
age 34, along with his wife, Elizabeth, 30, and children Harly, 12,
Thomas, 3, Alice, 2, and Nirum, 5/12. Apparently, his first wife,
Mariann, died sometime between 1860 and 1865. John C. Crawford then
married Elizabeth Roberts in about 1865, and she gave birth to their
first child, Thomas Aaron[the author's grandfather], on 12 October,
In the 1880 census of Baker County, Florida, the family was found to
consist at that time of John C. Crawford, a farmer of age 43,
Crawford, age 39, and eight children. The eight children and their
were: Thomas Aaron , Alice , James C. , Niram ,
, Gideon , Jefferson , Ruebin[ 3], and John [4 months].
that the child, James, appearing in this census, did not appear in
1870 Census, nor do any of the family's records or remembrances
James. The son, James, appears to be an error, or, perhaps a
nephew or cousin, for he is otherwise unexplainable. John C.
Elizabeth Crawford and the first seven children were listed as
been born in Georgia. The eighth child [John] was born in Florida.
this census, John C. Crawford lists the birthplace of his parents as
Georgia. Another source  says that John C. Crawford was pastor
the Emmaus Primitive Baptist Church in 1880. This church is located
the "Big Bend" section of Charlton County, Georgia, about five miles
below Saint George. This location would be a short distance across
St. Mary's River from Baker County, Florida.
In the 1885 State Census of Baker County, Florida, the family is
without the questionable son, James C., but with the addition of a
young daughter, Martha, age 1. In this census, John C. Crawford
his occupation for the first time as "Minister of the Gospel".
In the 1910 census of Baker County , John C. and Elizabeth
were living with their son, Niram. John C. was shown as age 73, and
reported that he had been married twice, was born in Georgia, was a
veteran of Confederate service, and again listed Georgia as the
birthplace of both his mother and father. Elizabeth reported that
was 71, was born in Georgia, and that she had borne nine children.
statement by Elizabeth Crawford that she had borne nine children
provides additional support for excluding as her child, James C., a
child who was included among her children in the 1880 census, but
appears nowhere else in family records or remembrances.
THE CHILDREN OF JOHN C. AND ELIZABETH CRAWFORD
AN HYPOTHESIS ABOUT THE CHILDREN OF GIDEON CRAWFORD AND SARAH
MENTIONS OF VARIOUS CRAWFORDS IN EFFINGHAM COUNTY AREA RECORDS
VARIOUS NAMES OF MALE CRAWFORDS WITH DATES OF MENTION IN
ASSOCIATES OF THE CRAWFORDS IN EFFINGHAM COUNTY
LAND WARRANTS AND GRANTS BASED ON HEAD RIGHTS MADE TO
CHILDREN OF JOHN AND PRISCILLA CRAWFORD
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© 1996-2015Carolyn Barber Jarrard