Early Settlers in the Cherokee Nation

by Donna Parrish 1981

Under a Georgia law, all the white persons living in the Cherokee Nation East, Georgia were to be censused and attached to adjoining counties in 1830. We know that some were attached to DeKalb, Gwinnett and Hall.

On the 1830 Census of DeKalb County, Georgia we find the following statement made by James Mc. Montgomery. (James McConnell Montgomery brother to Hugh Montgomery Cherokee Indian Agent)

"The extent of my Division which extends into the Cherokee Country agreeably to an act of the Legislature of Georgia commencing at the Buzzard Roost on the Chattahooche along an old indian trail which passes the Buffalow Fisher thence leaving Dick Scotts on the left hand thence by Turek? thence to the Missionaries on the hightower waters by the indians called Etowa until the said tract the direction of Sally Hughes's --- intersects the road leading from Gates Ferry to Dick Roes the distance forty miles from thence along the said road to Gates Ferry forty miles, thence with the meander of the river down the same to the said Buzzard Roost on the Chattahooche River a distance of forty to fifty miles."

Unfortunately, Mr. Montgomery didn't indicate on his pages where he started into the Cherokee Country.

Another place to find settlers who were already in the Indian Nation in 1830, is to look at those lucky drawers in the lottery of 1832 who registered from Cherokee County. They are shown by Sections.

Also, on the original land plats prepared for the 1832 Lottery there are some names of residences or settlements given. For example Landsdown Settlement shown in the First Section, First District. David Landsdown appears on the 1834 and 1840 Forsyth County Censuses.

In 1830, you will find Reubin Thornton on the Hall County Census on page 131.  1 male 30-40, 2 males 20-30, 1 male 10-15, 1 male under 5, 1 female 30-40, 2 females 10-15, 1 female under 5. He also had 7 slaves.

The Census Takers were not necessarily consistent in listing or not listing Indians and/or mixed bloods.

We find one of John Martin's wives listed on the Gwinnett County Census - page 377. Lucy Martin - 1f 40-50, 1f 20-30, 1f 15-20. 2f 10-15. 2f und 5, 2m und 5. Twelve slaves are shown.

John Bell is shown on the 1830 Hall County Census page 131. as I male 40-50. They do not show any of his Indian family.

John Martin was born October 20, 1781 at Martinsville, Henry County, Virginia. He was known to have had at least two wives and at the same time. They were sisters Lucy and Nellie McDaniel. (There is some speculation that her name was Betsy). Lucy's home was on the Salquary River and Nellie's on the Coosawatie. It seems Lucy's children used the name Martin and Nellie's used the name McDaniel.

John Martin's parents were Joseph Martin and Susannah Fields nee Emory. His full blood sisters were Nannie who married Jeter Lynch and Rachel Sabra who married Daniel Davis. Daniel Davis can be found on the 1830 Hall County Census, page 132. In 1835 he is on the Indian census in Lumpkin Co. and again in 1851 on the Siler RoU is in Lumpkin Co.

John Bell who would seem to be a batchelor in 1830 married Charlotte Adair in 1805. He was born May 1, 1782 in Greenville District, South Carolina. His and Charlotte's childdren were: 1. John Adair Bell 2. Elizabeth Hughes Bell. 3. David Bell. 4. Samuel W. 5. Nannie 6. Devereaux Jarrett Bell. 7. Sarah Caroline Bell. 8. Charlotte Bell. 9. James Madison Bell. 10. Martha Jane Bell.

Since Nannie Bell married George Harlan Starr and Sarah Caroline married Stand Watie, this family can easily be followed in Emmet Starr's book.



  Copyright 1999-2000-2001. Donna Parrish