1856 - Global demographics
Chartography (Blackwood And Sons Keith Johnsons Physical School Atlas - 1852)
(click on map above to open full-size 2896x2284-pixel version)
The map above, published four years before 1856, reports on the population,
religion and educational rigor of the nations of the world. Some differences
with modern nomenclature include the following. Alaska is called Russian
America; Greenland, Danish America. Iran is Persia, Indochina is called Further
India, while India itself is called Hindostan. What we call Hinduism is termed
Brahminism and what we call Islam is Mohammedism to the mapmaker. Followers of
creeds not among the three Abrahamic religions are termed heathens or pagans.
Even this late in history, the mapmakers seem unaware of the importance of Islam
in Bengal and Indonesia or Christianity in the Phillipines. The fraction of the
population of primary school age receiving instruction is shown for European
nations and the northeast United States. Enrollment is virtually universal in
(German) Saxony, and close to that in Holland and the northeast US. It is only
about 40 to 50 percent in the British isles. South of the Alps and Pyrenees it
is 25 percent or less. In the Russian Empire, it's a measly 5 percent. The
estimated human population of the world is 900 millions. Some 23 million are
said to live in the United States, including 3 million slaves.
An 1856 map (republished in 1857) showing the details of North America
south of British territory appears below.
Johnson's New Illustrated and Embellished County Map of the Republics of North America
New York: D. G. & A. J. Johnson, 1857.