1856 - US presidential race



James Buchanan
Democrat

John C. Fremont
Republican

Millard Fillmore
Whig and American
("Know-Nothing")


Birth state: Pennsylvania
Residence: Pennsylvania
Former party: Federalist
Running mate:
John C. Breckinridge

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Birth state: Georgia
Residence: California
Former party: Democratic
Running mate:
William L. Dayton

Federal gvt. biography
------


Birth state: New York
Residence: New York
Former parties: Whig, Anti-Masonic
Running mate:
Andrew Jackson Donelson

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A portion of artwork from earlier in the decade (©1852) titled Union, celebrating the aversion of civil war over slavery via the Compromise of 1850 et alia. All three major 1856 presidential candidates appear (red circles) in the complete symbolic 23-man group portrait of prominent US leaders: then-President Fillmore (bottom), then-ex-Secretary of State Buchanan (left) and then-ex-Senator Fremont (top).

Ironically, at the center (pink circle) of these three men stands then-Attorney General Crittenden, later author of the so-called Crittenden Compromise, a last-minute attempt at the end of 1860 to stave off war within the country by making unamendably permanent several constitutional amendments protecting slavery. All peace-making attempts would fail and Crittenden's only two sons would fight as generals in the Civil War: one in the Confederate army and one in the Federal army.





Based on the maps shown here, it appears Haralson County (along with neighboring Paulding County) voted heavily (80% to 90%) for Buchanan. In neighboring Carroll County, Buchanan won by a smaller margin (70% to 80%). But in neighboring Polk County, Fillmore won a majority of the vote. It should not surprise anyone Fremont did not win any counties in 1856 Georgia; by then it long was dangerous merely to speak against slavery, let alone run as an elector pledged to a candidate who wanted to use the government to prevent its expansion.

1856 Georgia (presidential vote) electors


Click the play button under map drawing here to view Georgia county development history animation.