Medical Terms from 1800s

Johnson County GAGenWeb

A Proud Part of GAGenWeb 

If you have additions or corrections, please let me know.

                                       

Ablepsia   blindness
Ague

 intermittent fever or chills

Ambustio  burn

Amputation, primary                  

usually done in within the first 24 hours of original injury

Amputation, secondary              

performed to improve the primary amputation

Anodynes                                      

medication that help with pain

Apoplexy                                      

stroke, or impairment from a brain hemorrhage

Aphtha                                          

Thrush
Army Itch Scabies
Asenthia Weakness
Bilious fever Malaria or thyphoid
Black Water Fever Fever accompanied by dark colored urine
Bright's disease Kidney Disease
Camp State or Fever

 symptoms which happened when troops were crowded together like       fevers and diarrhea.

Catalepsy                                    

seizures or trances

Catarrhus                                    

mucus membrane inflammation

Child Bed Fever                        

 infection after childbirth

Chlorosis                                    

anemia

Cholera                                       

 infectious disease, including diarrhea, often leading to death

Colica                                         

abdominal pain

Consumption                            

tuberculosis, or a general wasting away

Coryza                                        

acute inflammation of nose and tonsils.
Cow Pox a virus similar to smallpox.  Caught from the udders of cows which have blisters, caught by touch, usually localized.  Was used as a successful vaccination against smallpox.
Crop Sickness bloated stomach
Crowd Poisonings fevers and sickness when troops were crowded together
Debility lack of strength, a lasting symptom

Dementia                                 

 insanity, many different levels

Dengue                                    

 fever from a mosquito bite

Dropsy                                    

 congestive heart failure

Dysentery                               

 inflammation of intestines, caused by bacteria or parasites

Dyspepsia                               

stomach discomfort after meals

Dyspenia                                

trouble breathing

Erysipelas                               

 contagious skin disease, redness and swelling of affected areas

Falling Sickness                     

 epilepsy

Flux                                         

diarrhea

Glanders                                 

an infectious disease that can start with horses, donkeys and mules. Attacks the respiratory system.
Goiter swelling of lymph gland
Grippe influenza, flu
Hemophthis spitting up blood
Impetigo contagious skin disease
Inflammatory Rheumatism rheumatic fever
Lockjaw tetanus
Malaria transmitted by mosquitos, chills, fever and sweating can be recurrent

Marasmus                               

infant wasting away from causes unknown

Miasma                                   

poisonous vapors thought to have infected the air.

Milk Leg                                

swelling of legs of women who recently gave birth
Milk sickness sickness from the ingestion of milk, milk products or meat products from animals having the "trembles"
Morphew scurvy blisters
mortification death
osteomylitis inflammation of the bone or surgical fever
Neurasthenia neurosis caused by worry, and causing indigestion, etc.
Parotitis Mumps
Peritonitis frequently the cause of death in abdominal wounds
Pleurisy lung inflammation
Pneumonia inflammation of the lungs
Padogra gout
Pox syphilis
Prostration extreme exhaustion
Pyemia pus in blood, used to be for all types of blood poisoning, usually fatal
Pyrosis heartburn
Quinsy abscess of the tonsils
Rheumatism inflammation of the joints, muscles
Rubella measles
Scarlatina scarlet fever
scrofula tuberculosis of the lymph nodes
Scurvey Vitamin C deficiency disease. In civil war they tried to prevent this by having soldiers eat desiccated vegetables as a ration.
Sleeping Sickness encephalitis
sub-Laxatio non complete dislocation
Suppuration formation of pus, thought to be a good thing in the 1860's
Trench Mouth sores or ulcers in the mouth at the gum line
Variola smallpox
Venesection bleeding
Vulnus Incisim incisional wound
Vulnus Punctum puncture wound
Vulnus Sclopeticum gunshot wound
winter fever pneumonia
Yellow Fever Virus, was thought to have been brought by air instead of mosquitos

 

Sources:

http://ehistory.osu.edu/uscw/features/medicine/cwsurgeon/commonterms.cfm

http://freepages.computers.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~grundyconnections/medterminolgy.html

“Civil War Medicine” by C Keith Wilbur MD, 1998

Back to Home Page

This page was last updated on -07/02/2017

Copyright 1999-present The GAGenWeb Project Team