The 1832 Land and Gold Lotteries

 

Two separate lotteries were held in 1832 to distribute land in original Cherokee County.  Created in 1831 from land acquired from the Cherokee Indians, original Cherokee County comprised a large portion of northwest Georgia.   Shortly after the lotteries, Cherokee County was divided into 10 counties: Cass (Bartow), Cherokee, Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union. 

The 1832 Land Lottery, also called the Cherokee Lottery, distributed 18,309 160-acre land lots.  Spurred by the discovery of gold in the area, the 1832 Gold Lottery distributed 35,000 40-acre gold lots.  Qualified Georgia citizens registered for the lotteries in their county of residence, and their names were forwarded to the State Capitol in Milledgeville.   Each name was then matched by random draw with either a blank ticket or a specific Land or Gold lot.   Fortunate drawers could take out a grant on their lot for a fee of $18.00.  Not everyone who drew a lot took out a grant, and the ungranted lots reverted to the State.

Only the names of fortunate drawers were recorded by the State of Georgia.   However, a list of all eligible drawers who resided in Major Hall's Battalion in Oglethorpe County was preserved at the county courthouse.  See list below.

 

    Persons Entitled to Draw 160 Acre Land Lots

  • Bachelor, 18 years or over, 3 year residence in Georgia, citizen of the United States – 1 draw
  • Married man with wife and/or minor son under 18 and/or unmarried daughter, 3 year residence in Georgia, citizen of United States – 2 draws
  • Widow, 3 year residence in Georgia – 1 draw
  • Wife and/or child, 3 year residence in Georgia, of husband and/or father absent from state for 3 years – 1 draw
  • Family (one or two) of minor orphans, residence since birth in State – 1 draw
  • Family (3 or more) of minor orphans, residence since birth in State – 2 draws
  • Widow, husband killed or died in Revolutionary War, War of 1812 or Indian Wars, 3 year residence in Georgia – 2 draws
  • Orphan, father killed in Revolutionary War, War of 1812 or Indian Wars – 2 draws
  • Wounded or disabled veteran of 1812 or Indian Wars, unable to work – 2 draws
  • Veteran of Revolutionary War – 2 draws
  • Veteran of Revolutionary War, who had been a fortunate drawer in any previous Lottery – 1 draw
  • Child or children of a convict, 3 year residence in Georgia – 1 draw
  • Male idiots, lunatics or insane, deaf, dumb or blind, over 10 years and under 18 years, 3 year residence in Georgia – 1 draw
  • Female idiots, insane or lunatics or deaf, dumb or blind, over 10 years, 3 year residence in Georgia – 1 draw
  • Family (1 or 2) of minor illegitimates, residence since birth in Georgia – 1 draw
  • Family (3 or more) of minor illegitimates, residence since birth in Georgia – 2 draws

    Persons Entitled to Draw 40 Acre Gold Lots

  • Bachelor, 18 years or over, 3 year residence in Georgia, citizen of United States – 1 draw
  • Widow, 3 year residence in Georgia – 1 draw
  • Family of orphans, 3 year residence in Georgia, citizen of United States – 2 draws
  • Married man, head of family, 3 year residence in Georgia, citizen of United States – 2 draws

    Persons Excluded

  • Any fortunate drawer in any previous Land Lottery who has taken out a grant of said Land Lot; any person who mined, or cause to be mined, gold or other metal in the Cherokee Territory; any person who has taken up residence in said Cherokee Territory; any person who is a member of or concerned with "a horde of thieves known as the Pony Club."

 


 

 

Oglethorpe County
List of Eligible Drawers in Major Hall's Battalion

This list of eligible drawers includes persons who resided in Major Hall's Battalion, which was comprised of five districts in the southern part of the county.  There does not appear to be a list available for the districts in the northern part of the county.   Since this list was prepared prior to the lottery drawing, it does not indicate which individuals had fortunate draws.  Many people were entitled to draws in both the Land and the Gold Lotteries, although some names only appear on one list or the other.  Reference to military service and other notes are included for some individuals on the Land Lottery lists.
Georgia
Oglethorpe County

We do certify that the above - - - is a correct list of the names of those persons intitled to a draw or draws in Major Hall's Battalion in this county, so far as has come unto our knowledge.  Given under our hand this 14th June 1832.

C. W. Totten
William Campbell

Major Hall's Battalion

Index to all Districts

Captain Beasely's District
Land      Gold
Captain Bragan's District
Land      Gold
Captain Hall's District
Land       Gold
Captain Hatchett's District
Land      Gold
Captain Howard's District
Land      Gold

 

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Sunday, 02-Apr-2006 21:53:20 MDT

Copyright  2004 by Jeanne Arguelles