COMPANY G, 5th REGIMENT Civil War

We are fortunate to have these letters written from Schley County (previously Marion County) by Charles Womack concerning his Company G of the 5th Regiment in the War Between the States. Ruth Gray, whose husband is a descendant of Charles Womack. Sr., has generously shared these letters. The original letters were donated to LA Tech by Ruben C. Phillips, a descendant of Charles sister, whose wife taught at the University.
Her letter contains much helpful information to identify persons named within the letters.

From that point, I've tried to learn more about all the Officers and Privates that served in this Company G. Most of them were probably from Schley County.

April 10, 1861 | June 2, 1861 |June 22, 1861 | July 11, 1861 | Aug 5, 1861 | Aug 9, 1861

Newspaper Accounts of the War

"According to one account, support for the war effort in Schley was rampant. Ninety-three men volunteered for the Schley Guards which was later formed by Robert Burton in May, Burton being elected Captain." May 11, 1861

Complete Roster and Information about the men


Schley Cty. Geo. Apr 19th 1861
 
Brother David
 
In attempting to write to you tonight I am at a loss to know what to write
about unless it is concerning the war and the condition of our country.  
Everything has a warlike appearance.  The excitement of war is prevailing
all over the country like a contagious epidemic with the old as well as the
young.  The old men say if we fail that they are willing and ready to take
our place.  We all (southern men) have a common interest at stake and
we will strike for our rights which we have not had for a good many years
and we are fighting in the defensive.  They may call us rebels as the British
did in the revolutionary war or by any name they may choose so we come
out conquerers in the end.  A Southern man understand how to enjoy freedom
while the Northern men that is a great many of them are oppressed and in
bondage and they will not fight with the same resolution as a Southern man.
from that reason I believe we can whip the yankees.  All we like is a navy.
We have got the material and there is no doubt but they will be used
advantageously.  If they show a disposition every where in the seceded states
to meet Lincoln and his forces as they do here we can thrash Lincoln and
all the aid he can get from the north since Virginia has seceded and she
will bring more of them out.  When I heard of Virginia's seceding today I
could scarcely keep from whooping.  It done me so much good.  It is reported
that Lincoln has ordered two hundred and fifty thousand then South and it
becomes us as Southerners to meet him with a similar force to repel his attack.  

The company from Buena Vista is ordered out and will start tomorrow for
Savannah passing through Ellaville where we will give them a cordial reception.
Our company is looking for orders tomorrow to be stationed at some point.
Their destination not being known and if we are this will be the last letter you
will receive from (me) at home.  Probably we will not meet again this side of
the grave if not I am in hopes we will on the other side in glory.  

It will be a
trying time to Pa, Amanda and Bess but I know it is my duty to serve my
country.  Why should I refuse.  I have no time to write more about the war.

All the family are well except some complaint among the negroes as usual but
nothing serious.  A piece of bone came out of Billie's leg tonight.  I wanted to
write to you how I am getting along farming but I have no time now.  I hate to
leave home for I have got everything in excellent fit.  I bid you all farewell but I
am in hopes not a final one.  Give my love to all.

                                                Yours _____
                                                 Charles Womack


Charles Womack enlisted in Co. G, 5th Ga. Inf., C.S.A. not quite one month after he wrote this and was himself marching to Pensacola within a few weeks. More about Womack Family.


Camp Stephens June 2nd 1861

Dear Father,
 
This makes the fourth letter that I have
written to you since I left home and have not received
but one from you if you knew how glad I am to receive
a letter from home you would write oftener. I look for
a letter from home every day but alas all in vain
I know it is a task for you to write, but a few lines from
home would be gratifying to me.  I would be glad to
receive a letter from home every day.  I did not know
that home was such a dear place before I have been off from
home longer at a time before but have never wanted
to see home worse in my life before.  I have almost for-
gotten how every thing looks at home.  We are confined
down here in a sand bed where we cannot see anything
of importance.  The greatest show to me now would be
a nice plantation of corn and cotton if it was not for
a few stalks of corn in gardens I would entirely forget
how it does look.  If it does not rain any oftener at home
Than it does here every thing is parched up.  The next day
after we arrived here we had a fine rain and have not
had one since.  We have to detail forty men one company
every day for the purpose to guard Pensacola and out com-
pany was detailed yesterday and I was one of the number.
I was stationed at a lumber yard where I was treated
with the greatest kindness.  Some of the ladies sent us
ice water and coffee in the morning with cream.  I
(End of page 1, begin page 2)
could not refuse.  One of the "Clinch Rifles" was proj-
ecting with a ground rattle snake and he bit him
two or three times on the hand in the morning on Friday last
at 7 o'clock and he died about 2 o'clock in the evening
He was our chief musician.  On yesterday in Pensacola
one of the new carrier boys went into the camps of a com
pany and one of the men took a musket and told him to
mark time the gun was loaded and it went off and hit
the boy in the forehead shooting off half his head.  He had in
a ball and three buck shot.  There is a few days dying
in the Southern army.  We hear that there is a good many
dying at Ft. Pickens and on the ships.  It is reported that
seven hundred Federal troops landed at Ft. Pickens
last week.  One thing I expect you do not know that is
that there is a number of tents on Santa Rosa island.
That Island is in possession of Lincoln.  When we arrived
here there was six or seven vessels and now there is only
two or three to be seen.  They say that they have dismounted
all the guns but one off the top of fort and put them
on a sand battery by the side of the wall.  The south is do
ing her part towards the preparation of war.  There is scarce-
ly a train come here but what brings a cannon and bomb?
shells.  Our regiment is building two small batteries
on the beach, while we were digging a trench to day we dug
out a number of grape shot and come across an old
fort about one foot under ground.  By this time you
know that there was three or four regiments ordered from
here to Virginia consisting of first Georgia regiment fifth

(End of page 2, begin page 3)

Alabama regiment and the New Orleans.  And it
is reported that we will leave soon for Virginia but it has
been reported so often that we were going until I do not know (crossed out)
put any confidence in at all, but for fear that we may leave
you need not send any clothes yet.  James Snipes, Berry Good
son and John Little requested me to write to you to inform their
parents not to send them any clothes, you will attend to it im
mediately as they do not wish them sent as we cannot car-
ry any clothes but what the law allow us, but if we re-
main here all the? we will want some more clothes.
There is a company of "Texas Rangers" in Pensacola with a
woman in uniform from Texas she is quite a show to
the boys.  I would write more but have no further time you
must write soon.  Terry Carter is in good health.  There is a little
sickness in camp.  I will have to close

Yours & C
Charles Womack

This letter appears to be almost a different person, in that
the grammer is worse than all the preceeding ones.  Also,
it seems words were omitted.  It is possible that he was writing
by moonlight which could account for much of this.  I would like
to thank Keith Hill for all his help and eye strain on this letter.
It was most appreciated.  Harris.

Camp Stephens June 22, 1861
Brother David,

I wrote to you sometime since from this place and have waited
until now for an answer, but have not received one yet.  The mail
has go such around about that it is impossible that it has been
miscarried and you did not receive it.  I hear where I should be
glad to receive letters at anytime more especially as came from
home.  We all are enjoying very good health to be so many men
together in a sickly portion of country. I find here that it is
more pleasant in the shade but in the sun I believe that it is
better.   I cannot give you any information con-cerning the war
at this place that is when it begin at this place.  All
preparations for war are being executed with the same dispatch as
it has been all this time.  Every train that comes to this point
for the last few brings cannon five or six daily.  Some things
that there will be no (end page 1, begin page 2) fight until
after the fourth of July. For the last week they have been
practicing with their large guns over at the navy yard and when
they first commenced the boys thought that the fight had begun.
They were eating dinner at the time and they were so excited that
they did not finish their dinner.  I told them that it might be
the last dinner that I should get soon and I would eat a plenty.
On Wednesday Gen Bragg Came over to review this regiment and said
that it was very well drilled for the time they have been in
service.  We have four companies out of the regiment which only
leaves six com-panies in the regiment.  I received a letter from
home with a letter from your.  They stated that the crop was
pretty good.  I know if they have seasons the crop ought to be
good for I put it in good order before I left home.  Excuse this
letter for there is a perfect moon around me all the time but I
was determined to write you Direct-- 5th Regiment Ga Volunteers
Schley Guards, Pensacola Fla    Charles Womack


Pensacola Florida

July 11th 1861

Dear Sister
Your letter of the 5th just was receive today and its contents were carefully read which gave me much pleasure fore there is nothing that gives me more pleasure than to receive a letter from any of my friends more especially when they can give me anything concerning home.  You wrote in your letter that you were of the impression that we had been fighting  I am sorry to inform you  that it is not true for if we have to fight – we do not care how soon it does come off. We do not wish to stay here all the year and then have to fight often all when we shall not be any better prepared at the end of the year than we are now.  The longer we give them the better prepared they will be for fighting. About the time you thought we were fighting it was the general impression here that the fight would begin at most any hour.  Now everything is as quit as it every has been since we have been here, awaiting I suppose to see what course the Federal Congress will pursue whether they will determine upon war or peace.  I am hopes that they will take the latter course.

If they do continue the war we shall have many a good man kill because our army is made up the majority of the best men we have, while theirs {Federal army} is made up of cut throats and such men as they are glad to get out of the way.  When we have one man killed he is worth half a dozen of theirs. I have no idea that peace will be made permanently until it is sealed with blood, even peace was made now it would be some time before we would be discharge for the South is not going to put up with any kind of a concern for they are determined to have fixed to suit themselves and I do not think the North will give the South all she asks for.

I think that every thing has gone too far for either party to retaliate now and I know that the South never will back an inch from what she has already said When the fight does begin here it will not be any child´s play there will be a great deal of blood spilld and a good many lives lost.  I cannot give any more concerning the war. We are not allowed to go to the Navy Yard and we cannot hear anything of any interest. The health of the regiment is very good to be so far South and Florida is considered a very sickly State.  Our situation is at a high elevated place where we get the breezes continually  This bay is one of the prettiest body of water I expect anywhere.  I have no doubt when peace is made but what this will be a place of considerable note.  There is already some very nice buildings here.  

You wrote that you  would be glad if I would get some shells and send them by someone that was passing from Schley to this point  I will do so by the first opportunity.  Putnam Stevens is here now and if I can get them ready by the time he leaves I send them by him.  

We have been mustered into service two months today and have not received any money yet but expecting to get some every day.  We shall receive twenty one dollars for clothing which is half of our clothing money.  I thought I would close my letter last night but I have jogged my memory and found that I have not wrote all.  I have been

standing guard in town and am in the custom house and the boys keep so much noise that it is impossible to write anything where they are.  You have no idea how lively the boys are.  After changing this (scratched out) a life of pleasure for one of hardships.  If we only had the right kind of commissioned officers we all  would be very well pleased, but I am sorry to say that we have the poorest officers in the regiment. We the majority of us became dissatisfied with Burton (fn) as our captain and we had politely requested him to resign by a petition with our names signed to it and he politely refused.  He never another office in Schley for he is entirely dead in the estimation of most of the company.  Charles Hudson (fn) is our second lieutenant and he is the most unpopular I ever saw.  The boys say that he is holding the last office he will every hold.  I ought not to write about our officers but then I want you to know how they stand. You know the men and that is enough   

I got a nice box provisions from home which was the most welcome guest that has arrived since I have been here.  I am sorry that so many eggs spoilt, it will not do to send them in the summer the climate is so hot that they will keep no time, all we need is butter and hams I am very sorry that they have not had enough at home while we have enough here on this poor land to make two or three crops.

We had a rain that covered the rail road track over and the train came along that night and was thrown the track with no accidents.  I must close as my time is about out look over all mistakes for I wrote in a hurry.  Be sure and write soon.  Give my respects to all my friends.  I am enjoying excellent health.

Your affectionate brother,                                                                 Charles Womack

P.S.  Tell Mrs. McDuffie that James Sealy is in good health.

More information on Charles Womack

I believe this letter to have been written by Charles
Womack's older sister Nancy.  She married James Powell in
Marion Co. on Sept. 21, 1852.  It would seem that she is
writting Mrs. Lucinda Phillips, another older sister of
Charles, who would be, by now, with her husband David in
Claiborne Parish, La.  Bud/Bird could be any number of
individuals who is in the Confederate army in Pensacola at
this time.  It could have been a nickname for Charles or
perhaps Bird Womack.  There was one known to be in Greene
county in about 1820.  The Ester mentioned here is most
probably a slave.

  Marion County  5 of  August 1861

Dear Sister

I received your kind letter in due time and would have
replied to it but thought I would wait for Pa to see Buds
letter as I got a letter from Bud at the same time that I
did from you and thought I would send Bud's to you and
yours to him.  I have nothing of interest to write about.
Times are all very pull(?) here.  There is nothing but war,
that is all that is talked about.  Mr. Carr near Pa and Mr.
French both are ready to start with company for war soon &
I think there are more a going from here than ought to go.
Some of them had better stay at home.  They are all well at
Pa and doing well.  They had a drought that injured there
corn crop but they think they will make enough to do.
There bottom looks well but they have so much rain that it
looks like it will ruin everything.  Bud says he has
written to the Phillips two or three times and don't get
answer from.  He would like to hear from you and Pa and
Amanda and me.  We would go out to see if Bud could get
home by mule.  I would go if I had any one to go with me.
If James White or any of your friends were going I would go
with them if I knew of it in time.  __ Williams and Ruben
Phillips have gone to Virginia.  They seen hard times since
they left Pensacola though Bud wants to go but they had
better stay where they are for they have so much better.

I am at Pa's this week a making wine.  They have a great
many grapes but it looks like they will rot if it don't
stop raining so much.  Amanda of (oft?) says she wishes you
all had some of the fruit they have so much of it.  Mrs.
Carter is entirely blind. She can't see a bit and her
health is bad.  She ____ yet _____ I will send this to
Ellaville as I am here.  Jerry says he is going ____ for he
wants ____ ____ had. Larkins Camp is a soldier and he came
home and married and has gone back to war again.  Nearly
every man has gone from Shley and Marion and it looks like
everyone thats old enough and not too old will go enough
they will if they can be Captain or ______ for they are all
seeking for office.  Ester has another baby.  She has two
fine children as any body.  She is married to Mr. Carter's
Al__y.  They were married last winter.  I am glad to hear
that you are making a good crop.  Crops are generally good
in this country where they did not have a severe drought.
We have heard from Bud since I got this letter--he is well.
Give my ____ to Mr. Phillips and the children an Mr. Joe
White and family.  You must write to me soon for I am glad
to hear from you at any time.  Pa got your letter on last
Saturday.  I must close as I am a going to Americus and
will put this letter in the office there.
                                                                           Yours truly   
                                                                           N. Powell
                                                                           Mrs. Lucinda Phillips   


            Camp Stephens  Pensacola Florida
                                                                                          Aug. 9th 1861
 
Brother David
 
I received your letter a few days ago and should
have answered it immediately but thinking probably
that something would turn up so I could inform you
of, but I find there is there is no probability of
anything of importance occuring  here soon.  So I
concluded this morning that I would write you a few
lines to let you know more how I am getting along
than anything else for I cannot give you any news
concerning the war at this place and at any other
place.  Your facilities are better than mine to
obtain news.  I am getting tired of this kind of
life, nothing to do and no excitement at all, so we
have nothing to study about but our condition when
if we were expecting an engagement soon we would be
better contented.  You know if a man has nothing to
do he is most certainly to be dissatisfied so that
is the _____ ___  we have to do but to mill about
three hours per day and stand guard two days per
week.  The remainder of the time we can employ in
any way we may see fit.  There is no doubt but what
this regiment (5th) is doing better than any other
regiment that has left Georgia.  We are permanently
located here while they are moving from one point to
another in Virginia.  I see it reported that the
Georgia boys of the 7th & 8th regiment fought
bravely at Manassas and after the battle Bauregard
rode up and down and said "eight Georgia I salute
you."  That shows how they fought when such a man as
Bauregard saluted them.  I am sorry that there were
so many brave men killed, but then we may not expect
but what we will have some killed when there were so
many engaged.  We are just awaiting for the fight to
begin here.  Then we will give them as warm if not a
warmer reception than they were welcomed in Virginia
but it is thought--that the fight will not begin
here at all unless they make the attack, there being
so much valuable property at stake.  I would be glad
if this regiment could get into an engagement.  I
think you would here a good report for them, they
are so anxious to get into a fight.  Bragg says this
is the best drilled regiment under his command out
of eight or ten thousand men.  We have some of the
first men of Georgia in our regiment who will do
good work when it is necessary.  I sent your letter
to sister the other day when I wrote to her.  They
are all well at home and the crops are pretty good
since the late rains has commenced, cotton more
especially. They say they will make a plenty to eat.
I am glad of it.  I can get enough when I get home
for we are not getting enough here of the right
kind. We draw beef five times a week.  If we have
anything fit to eat we have to buy it.

Give my respects to all my friends.  Tell Lucinda to
write to me.  I would very glad to see you all.
There is two more companies in Schley, one will
start in a few days for Virginia.  French is Capt.
of one of the companies and Carr is Capt. of the
other. I say well done for Schley.  Write soon.
Yours _______ Charles Womack

Notes:  The other companies mentioned are Co. B,
17th Ga. Inf., "Schley Volunteers" Captain Hiram L.
French commanding and Co. A, 27th Ga Inf., "Georgia
Drillers" with Capt. Perry C. Carr, commanding.

More information about the battle referred to in his letter:
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/38pickens/38facts1.htm

NOTES

Amanda that is mentioned is Charles Jr.'s older sister. Bess is the sister just younger than Charles. See also for more complete Womack Family information. The Billie mentioned would be Wm. Kelley, age 7, shown in the census below and Mr. Kelley, the school teacher was his father. William F. Kelley married Charles' sister Caroline December 19, 1850 in Marion Co. Since Caroline is absent on the 1860 census, one might presume she has died. I have thus far been unable to find a cemetery record. I welcome information on this aspect.

"Brother David" is actually Charles' brother-in-law David Marion Phillips who married Charles' sister Lucinda August 18, 1840 in Monroe Co. Ga. They moved to Lousiana in about 1860 and are found on the 1870 Lousiana Census index in Claiborne Parish. The family who donated the letters to the Univesity is from Claiborne Parish, La. I welcome any information about this connection. (See also

Shells

As regards the shells, I took that as seashells. These men were right on Pensacola Bay near the Gulf of Mexico. Pensacola Beach used to be a pretty good shelling place years ago.

Camp Stephens, Pensacola, FL, named for Col. Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883) a Whig-turned -Democrat and congressman from Georgia from 1843 to 1859. He was an anti-secessionist who became the vice president of the Confederacy. After the war he was elected U.S. Senator from Ga., but by Presidential Proclamation he was refused a seat. After reconstruction he served as Congressman from Ga. and in 1882 was elected Governor of Georgia. He became ill and died in office at Savannah, March 4, 1883.

Clinch Rifles- named for General Duncan L. Clinch who served in the Seminole Indian Wars.  They were formed in Augusta, Ga.
and in 1861 became Co. A, 5th Ga. Inf.  They were a sharpshooters outfit.  For more on the "Clinch Rifles" see
http://www.angelfire.com/ma4/handsonhistory/civil_war/cw_clinch_rifles.htm

Notes from Kevin Jones
With the comment "quite a show for the boys" I am
99% certain I am correct though I she is not from
Texas.  The "Texas Rangers" is actually the "Palmer
Guards". The are a group of twenty men who
splintered off from Capt. H.H. Black's  "Marion
Rifles" naming themselves the "Texas Volunteers" and
left Jefferson Texas for New Orleans to find "the
seat of the war" on April 28, 1861 lead by H. E.
Decatur. > They traveled by steamboat arriving in
Algiers Louisiana which just across the river from
the city of New Orleans. Algiers was a real sailor's
town (if you know what I mean.) and the Algiers
newspapers from the era were published in French.
There they met a prominent New Orleans business man
named A.G. Dickinson who was also raising a company
for the war. H. E. Decatur combined with A. G.
Dickinson to form a company. Dickinson and Decatur
traveled to Montgomery Alabama to apply for
Confederate service. They returned to New Orleans
where they were mustered into service on May 19,
1861 naming themselves the Palmer Guard after the
famous Reverend Benjamin Palmer.

On May 23 the departed New Orleans traveling
apparently Eastward to Pensacola, rather than north
via  Jackson as all other Texas units had done.
There A. G. Dickinson was married to his fiancée and
also recruited six more men. This Texas-Louisiana-
Florida unit traveled north to Virginia probably
with the units mentioned in your letter. They were
spotted in Atlanta Georgia which prompted the
article below describing your mystery woman. Upon
arrival in Virginia they became Company C, 1st Texas
of the famous Hood's Texas Brigade.  My guess is
that your mystery woman was a French floozy from
Algiers. A. G. Dickinson  knew all the best women in
New Orleans but I doubt they would enage in this
type of behavior.

Until now I believed A. G. Dickinson was married in
Pensacola prior to the war  and the Pensacola men
had travel to New Orleans possibly with A. G.
Dickinson because their enlistment dates were May
19th. It is apparent now that these records, which
were reconstructed thirty years after the war, maybe
in error and Dickinson had eloped with his wife
which is why the girl's family had no more record of
her. After the war Dickinson became a Spanish knight
and founded a major insurance company well known
today but that you will have to wait until I publish
my book to hear that story.  I would be happy to
answer any question you have about the Palmer Guard
here is the article.

SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY [Atlanta, GA] June 8, 1861,
p.1, c.2

TEXAS TROOPS - The "Palmer Guards", company C, Texas
Battalion, Capt. A.G. Dickinson - 80  men - passed
through here yesterday morning on their way to
Virginia. They are well armed and drilled, and are
capable of doing the best of service. Capt. D. was
accompanied by his beautiful and accomplished bride,
who is the daughter of Ex-Congressman Coleman,
formerly of Kentucky, but now president of the
Vicksburg & Shreveport Railroad. They were married
just a few days since. The patriotic lady says she
enlisted for the war and will share the destinies of
he gallant husband, whatever they may be.

The company also had a pet along that attracted no
little attention. It was a standard bearer, in the
person of Madmoeselle Jennette Warde from New
Orleans - dressed a la bloomer, or soldier fashion,
and belted with revolver, bowie knife &c. She was
sprightly, shared and seemed to enjoy a soldier
fare. - The beautiful flag which she carried in her
hand was much admired.

The Barbour Grays, Captain Blackford - 105 men -
from Alabama, also passed through en route to
Virginia.


Remembering 45 Years Later

From the editorial page, Schley County News Friday, May 11, 1906.

Last Monday, forty-five years ago, the Schley Guards left Ellaville to go to the front. The mention of this will not dobt bring to mind many vivid recollections to the remaining few of the brave old heroes left. God bless them, may their days be lengthened, their last moments the brightest and happiest, and may generations never cease honoring their names and commending their virtues--such as the world has never equaled.

The Schley Newspaper.   October 12, 1905 reported the death of Tip Barnes.  Mr. Barnes was the color bearer of Co. G, 5th Ga.  

DEATH OF MR. BARNES

Yesterday the body of Mr. Tip (Thomas Pryor) Barnes was brought to Ellaville on the afternoon train, which was interred in the Ellaville cemetery today in the presence of a large number of his old Schley county friends.  Mr. Barnes was for many years a citizen of this county, only moving to Bronwood several years ago, where he died on last Thursday night after a long spell of fever. (Barnes, Thomas P.---4th Corporal May 11, 1861. Transferred to Co. 1, and appointed 5th Sergeant April 19, 1862. Transferred to Co. B, 2d Battn. Ga. Sharpshooters July 1862. Appointed Ensign 5th Regiment Ga. Inf. June 20, 1864. Captured at Savannah, Ga. December 21, 1864. Released at Ft. Delaware, Del. June 16, 1864.)

  Article written by his daughter   The Schley County News  Thursday, October 19, 1905 Vol. XV No. 43  

THE FLAG, FIFTH GA. REGIMENT, C.S.A.

A Daughter's Sentiments   Mrs. Tommie Curtis (Barnes) Collum   More about Tommie   Photo of Tommie

While the living have rights that should ever be respected, to the dead we owe duty that cannot be neglected.  Since the early Sixties, there has been two divisions in the gallant Fifth Georgia Regiment, C.S.A. Here, brave men followed on many bloody fields, cool and daring leaders to death, defeat or victory.  There, the brave Colonel (W.T.) Black, who fell beneath the colors, and by the side of the color bearer, and for whom the color bearer's daughter, the author of this sketch was named;  has long commanded a Division of the bravest of the brave, through the bloody years of strife, and down through the years that have marked the period of peace, the heroes of the Fifth, have one by one, continued to be transferred to the Other Division.  

Again there is abugle call;  a signal from the beyond----the eyelids are being gently kissed.  "Daughter, bring the old flag!"  He clasped it to his breast, and seemed at rest.  But no! the eyes again opened.  "Daughter, unfold it. Hold it this way, that I may see every place the keaden missiles tore it, while these hands were permitted to hold it.  To you my children, I have told its story.  Take it, keep it, and may it in sacred silence give inspiration, to countless generations of my descendants, to emulate the example of heroes, who fought for the right, and followed this flag to defeat, yet glory."  Then, "Open it wide and let me see the stars that were a young nations hope.  A Southern woman's hands made, and a Southern woman gave it;  Southern women have kissed it;  for Southern women, I carried it, and for them heroes defended it.  A young wife's prayer before you my daughter were born, has blessed it and since has caressed it----then my daughter, in a woman's hands it will be safe----keep it!"

Tht last tribute of friends and comrades, and bugle "taps" at the grave, and the color bearer of the Fifth Georgia, has been transferred to the gallant Colonel Black, who fell by his side in the Sixties.  Gallant old heroes, you will all soon be in the ranks that your color bearer has joined.  We, his children, reverence the Cause, and honor the men whom for it fought.  Then heroes of  "The Lost Cause,"  who never dared not to follow where he led, why should there be among you, even before his grave had been made, and before the first night had whispered its sad requiem over his remains, who would approach his daughter in her deepest distress, and seek to tear from this daughters appearently helpless hands, this treasure, the flag that he had entrusted to her care?  Did you come to us at the request of the men who fought nearest this flag, where the battle storm raged, and it by the leaden missiles were torn?  Did you come from those of your comrades who on the field of carnage would have died, to from the "Blue Hosts" to have saved it?  Of those who are now almost too weak to lower a comrade in his casket, there will soon not be one left to wave it.  To others it may not be more, than a rag tattered and torn;   there are now, and there will be others who will deplore it, but we will ever adore it. Take it from us?  Never!  Above all rules and laws that govern, there is right.  Laws and rules may be repealed, or suspended that right may prevail.  You love it, we treasure it.  If you will----it may not be mine, it may not be yours, it may not be theirs----it may be OURS.  Surrender it, never!  In the veins of his children is the blood of the soldier, that during the years of strife on many fields in the face of death bore it.  If a young wife we call "Mother" could give the farewell kiss and bid a young husband take these colors to the front and bear them with honor, or die upon them; a daughter then unborn, and who might never her father have seen, and in whose hands he placed them, will in holy sacrd reverence. not daunted at even prison walls will protect them now.

Co. K, 5th Ga. Inf., Upson Guards

Black, William T.-Jr. 2d Lieutenant May  11, 1861 . Appointed
Adjutant May  16, 1861 ; 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant October  7, 
1861 . Elected Colonel May  8, 1862 . Killed at Murfreesboro, 
Tenn. December  31, 1862 .

"The History of Schley County"
Thomas Pryor Barnes, b. 1839, d. 12 October 1905, m. 4 May 1861 to Elizabeth Virginia Strange, daughter of Charner Bell Strange and Nancy Elizabeth Goodson Strange, b. 1844, d. about 1877, both buried in Ellaville Cemetery.  Thomas Pryor Barnes served in the War Between the States as Flag Bearer with the rank of Corporal under Captain Robert Burton in the Schley Guards.  Shot off in a battle in North Carolina, was one of his toes.  The flag was kept by his daughter, Otis Barnes Grummage(perhaps another daughter), until it was borrowed by Dr. Chapman of Americus  and never returned.  He was known as "Tip" Barnes.

2nd National Battle Flag   Although this is not the flag that Tip Barnes carried, it is a flag used by the Regiment.


2nd National Battle Flag - 5th Regiment Infantry
Courtesy of Mr. Gordon Blaker Augusta Museum of History


1.  Charles8 Womack, Jr.  (Charles7, Abraham6, Abraham5, Abraham4, Abraham3, John2, William1) was born Abt. 1836 in Georgia.  

Notes for Charles Womack, Jr.:
Charles   Womack,   Georgia, Enlisted  11 May 1861    Priv   CSA
G Co. 5th Inf Reg. GA  Claimed Residence in Schley County.

Hopewell Methodist Cemetery - Schley County

Womack, Charles
3-01-1836 2-03-1900

Womack, Sallie C.
(d/o Charles)
6-09-1877 8-04-1905

Children of Charles Womack :
2 i. Sallie C.9 Womack, born Abt. 1877.
3 ii. James L. Womack, born Abt. 1880 in Schley Co., Georgia.

1880 Census Place:  District 961, Schley, Georgia
Source: FHL Film 1254164  National Archives Film T9-0164     Page 81B     
Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace
Charles WOMACK Self M M W 44 GA
Occ: Farm Fa: GA Mo: GA
Lucy F. WOMACK Wife F M W 33 GA
Occ: Keeps House Fa: NC Mo: GA
Sallie C. WOMACK Dau F S W 2 GA
Fa: GA Mo: GA
James L. WOMACK Son M S W 4M GA
Fa: GA Mo: GA


Schley County Page last updated: Sunday, 07-Sep-2003 18:47:52 MDT
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