Schley County Page last updated: Monday, 30-Aug-2004 09:49:17 MDT

Cadets of the Georgia Military Institute

Much has been written over the years about the role that the cadets of the Georgia Military Institute (GMI) played in the latter days of the Civil War.  They did indeed distinguish themselves in battle against some of the Union's best and most seasoned infantry and cavalry.  These were school boys, ages 16-18, from mostly wealthier families from all over Georgia, Tennessee, South Carolina, and Alabama, who in May 1864 were pressed into the service of the Confederacy.  Indeed one of the cadets of Co. A, Julius L. Brown, was the son of then Georgia governor Joseph E. Brown.  The GMI was located in Marietta, GA and was a fine military school with excellent discipline.  The cadets were splendidly drilled and exhibited courage in action that would have been the envy of many regular army units.  They were commanded by Maj. Frank W. Capers of the school and in May of 1864 were assigned to serve under General Hood in the army of General Joseph E. Johnston.  They became known as "Caper's Battalion."

They saw their first action on
the 14th of May, 1864, when ordered to fill a gap in the line at the battle of Resaca.  They took their positions behind a rail fence and soon came up against the 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry.  Lt. James S. Oates stated in his memoirs, "It was during the advance of that day that we came in contact with the Georgia Cadets, from the Military Institute in Marietta, who had come out from the woods at Resaca and formed their line behind a rail fence.  After a volley from the cadets, which killed several of our men, our regiment charged them."

They fought throughout the remainder of the
Atlanta Campaign and were involved in a number of battles with Sherman’s troops  as he marched to Savannah.  One of the actions that are often sited when the cadets of GMI are spoken of is their part in the defense of the bridge crossing the Oconee River south of Milledgeville.  It was November 24, 1864.  The bridge was defended by an unlikely assemblage of this and that.  The defending force consisted of the 4th KY mounted infantry (the Orphan Brigade), commanded by acting Major, Capt. John Weller, a group of convicts in prison garb from the Milledgeville penitentiary on one flank and a battalion of cadets from GMI on the other.

Quoting Capt. Weller:

"The convicts were dressed in prison garb, and were hardened in appearance, but calm and brave.
The cadets were, of course, very young, some of them certainly not over fourteen years of age. The Federals advanced their line of skirmishers, and firing commenced. The bravery of the school boys was the glory of this fight. Several of their number were carried off wounded and dying. I can never forget the looks of one little boy as four convicts carried him on a stretcher to the rear. His handsome young face, with the
flush of fever on it, and the resolute expression of his eyes, indicated that he fully realized the situation."

The southerners were vastly out numbered but acquitted themselves proudly and succeeded in delaying
Sherman's march to Savannah.  The cadets were outstanding in their part and performed with great valor.

This is an excerpt from the rather lengthy report of Maj. Gen. Henry C. Wayne, found in the Official Reports (OR's)  reflecting upon, amongst other things, the cadets of the GMI.

S. C.,
S. GA., MID. & E. FLA., & WEST. N. C. [ChAP. LXV.]
Report of Maj. Gen. Henry C. Wayne, Adjutant and
Inspector General,
Georgia
Militia.

STATE OF GEORGIA, ADJT. AND INSP. GENERAL’S OFFICE
Milledgeville,
February 6, 1865.

To Major Capers I am under the greatest obligations.  His qualifications for military command are of the highest order, and entitle him to a prominent position. They have been brilliantly illustrated by the Corps of Cadets, whose gallantry, discipline, and skill equal anything I have seen in any military service. I cannot speak too highly of these youths, who go into a fight as cheerfully as they would enter a ball-room, and with the silence and steadiness of veterans.

"The Georgia Cadets were the last organized Confederate soldiers on duty east of the Mississippi river, and their last service, as the first, was on provost duty, guarding the city of Augusta, Ga., and the Confederate arsenals and army stores of that city.  They obeyed the last order of a Confederate officer, Major-General
Lafayette McLaws.  That order was issued after the surrenders of General Lee and General Johnston and was dated May 1, 1865, and they served under that order till the 20th of May 1865...

"SPECIAL ORDER. - headquarters,
Augusta, Ga May 1, 1865.  The battalion of Georgia Cadets will proceed at once to the city hall, in the city of Augusta, taking one day's rations with them, and will bivouac there until further orders, for the purpose of preserving order in said city.  They will suppress all disturbances and will make such details for the preservation of order and property as may be called for by Major Henry Bryan, Inspector general.  Upon the zeal and honor of this battalion rests the good name of
their state and the safety of
Augusta. 


"On
the 20th of May, 1865, the battalion was disbanded, and the cadets returned to their respective homes. Thus the boy soldiers of the South, and of Georgia, were the last to do duty in the cause of the Confederate States of America. In their manhood they have made good citizens, and are now fast passing from the active scenes of life forever."

Respectfully submitted, ROBERT L. RODGERS Historian of Georgia Cadets'
Association
Atlanta, Ga., December 25, 1905.


Four of these cadets, all found on the roster of
Co. B, were Schley County boys.  Here is what I have been able to find on them.

 

Seaborn Montgomery, Jr.

Fourth Sergeant, Cadet   Montgomery, of Ellaville, Schley Co., is mentioned in an article about Caper's Battalion of GMI Cadets in a
May 4, 1890 edition of The Atlanta Constitution.  This is a brief excerpt from a very lengthy article.  ........"They were taken sick, and died, and went to their long home, to rest from war.  Poor boys, they were cut off
in life early, but they did their duty up to the death as men.  Of those who died after they went on furlough, I remember Johnnie McLeod, of Emanuel county; Seab. Montgomery of Schley county, and Edmond Jordan, of
Washington county...............  The article was authored by Judge Robert L. Rogers, one of the cadets.  Seaborn Montgomery, Jr. is buried in Ellaville Cemetery.  A photo of his marker, contributed by Richard McCrory can be viewed at http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/ga/schley/photos/tombstones/ph1183seabornm.jpg

 

Ophilo V. Lamar

Private, Ophilo V. Lamar,
Ellaville Ga.

1850 Sumter Co. Census  30th Dist. 25 Sept., 1850

513 153 Thomas C. Lamar 29 M physician
        Mary            21 F
        Mary             3 F
        Orfillo V.       1 M


CENSUS YR:  1860  TERRITORY:  GA  COUNTY: 
Sumter  DIVISION:  District 27 -
Americus  REEL NO:  M653  PAGE NO:  467
REFERENCE:  Enumerated by A.  N.  Bruce

3   786  792 Lamar          T.  C.         36   M         Physician
20,000    50,000    GA
4   786  792 Lamar          M.  E.         28   F
GA
5   786  792 Lamar          Orpila         11   M
GA                      X
6   786  792 Lamar          Charles  W.    8    M
GA
7   786  792 Lamar          Imogene        5    F
GA
8   786  792 Lamar          Peter          3    M
GA
9   786  792 Lamar          John           3/12 M
GA

1870 Sumter Co. Census, page 13 27th Dist., City of
Americus, 6 June 1870.

115/115 Andrews, Lewis F.W.  65 M W Physician/Editor Penn
                 Mary E. 38 F W Keeps House 4000  2000 Ga
                 Lew L. 2 M W GA
        Lamar, Orfilo V. 21 M W Bookeeper --- 800  Ga
               Charles W. 18 M W Farmer GA
               Imogene 15 F W At Home GA
               Peter 12 M W At School Ga

1930 Muscogee Co. Census, GMD 773 Columbus Precinct 7, April 8, 1930, sheet
6B.

1309/63/98  Lamar, O.V. Head O 9000 R MW 80 M 30 Ga(all)
                   Sallie W. Wife FW 73 M 22
                   Thomas B. Son MW 40 S

Name:    Orfila V Lamar
Death Date:    24 Dec 1933
County of Death:    Muscogee
Certificate:    29429
Burial location is unknown.

 

T. Green Cheney

Private, T. G(reen) Cheney,
Ellaville, Ga.
T.G. Cheney was a brother of Dr. John N. Cheney, a very influential citizen of Schley Co.  Their father W.W, Cheney moves the entire family and their house from Oglethorpe in 1858  to a location believed to be 4 miles east of Ellaville, to escape a smallpox epidemic in that town.  What follows is a transcription of T.G. Cheney’s pension application from 1905..


QUESTIONS FOR APPLICANT

State of Georgia
Schley County

T.G. Cheney of said state and county, desiring to avail himself of the Pension Act (Section 1254, Code), hereby submits his proofs, and after being duly sworn true answers to make to the following questions, deposes and answers as follows:

1.   What is your name and where do you reside?  T.G. Cheney,
Schley County, Georgia

2.
   How long and since when have you been a resident of this state?  all my life

3.   When and where were you born? 
Lawrence County, March 7th 1847

4.
   When and where and in what company and regiment did you enlist or serve?  June 1864 at Marietta, Ga. in Co. B, Battalion of Cadets

5.
   How long did you remain in such company and regiment?  one year

6.   When and where was your company and regiment surrendered and discharged?  May or April 1865 at
Milledgeville, Ga.

7.   Were you present with your company and regiment when it was surrendered?  I was

8.   If not present, state specifically and clearly where you were, when you let your command, for what cause and by whose authority?  I was present

9.   How much can you earn per annum by your own exertions or labor?  Very little

10.
What has been your occupation since 1865?  Dentist

11.
Upon which of the following grounds do you base your application for pension, viz:  first "age and poverty," second, "infirmity and poverty," or third, "blindness and poverty"?  1st & 3rd

12.
If upon the first ground, state how long you have been in such condition that you could not earn your support?  If upon the second, give a full and complete history if the infirmity and it's extent?  If upon the third, state whether you are totally blind and when and where you lost your sight?  Five years--unable to make my support on account of my eyesight failed

13. What property, real and personal, do you possess, and its gross value?  No property

14. What property, real or personal, did you possess in 1894, 1895, 1896,1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1902, and what disposition, if any, by sale or gift, have you made of same?   owned (?) no property

15. In what county did you reside during these years, and what property did you then return for taxation? 
Schley County, Ga.,  return no property

16. How were you supported during the years 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1902?  By my family

17.
How much did your support cost for each of those years, and what portion did you contribute thereto by your own labor or income?  support $100.00.  I contributed very little.

18. What was your employment during 1898, 1899, 1901, and 1902?  What pay did you receive in each year?  Dentist--very little

19.
Have you a family?  If so, who composes such family?  Give their means of support?  Have they a homestead, or other property?  Their ages and how employed?  wife and daughter.  Daughter is Millina.

20. Are you receiving any pension?  If so, what amount and for what disability?  No

21. Have you ever made an application for pension before?  one last-

22. How many applications have you ever made and under what class?  Only this class & ???? fail to reach commissioner

T.G. Cheney

Sworn to and subscribed before me this the 23rd day of August 1905.

P.E. Taylor, Ordinary of
Schley County.


QUESTIONS FOR WITNESS

State of Georgia
Stewart County

O.V. Lamar of said state and county, having been presented as a witness in support of the application of T.G. Cheney for pension under section 1254, Code, and after being duly sworn true answers to make to the following questions, deposes and answers as follows:

1.   What is your name and where do you reside?  O.V. Lamar,
Richland, Ga.

2.   Are you acquainted with T.G. Cheney, the applicant; if so, how long have you known him?  Yes--we were raised as neighbors.

3.   Where does he reside, and how long and since when has he been a resident of this state?  at
Ellaville, Ga.--all his life

4.   When and where and in what company and regiment did he enlist, and how do you know? 
Co. B, Georgia Battalion of Cadets

5.
   Were you a member of the same company and regiment?  Yes

6.   How long did he perform regular military duty?  We were in service about one year.

7.   When and where was his command surrendered?  At Milledgeville in April '65 in my recollection.

8.   Were you present when it surrendered?  Yes.

9.   Was applicant present?  Yes.

10. If he was not present, where was he?  He was present.  When did he leave his command?  Never left it.  For what cause?  No answer.  By what authority he left?  No answer.  How do you know all of this?  I was there & we were together--sleeping under same blanket.

11. What property, effects or income has the applicant?  From everything I learn, he has no property nor income.

12. What property, effects or income did the applicant possess in 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1902, and what disposition, if any did he make of same?  I do not now of any property he possessed during the years noted or any income.

13. Has he conveyed away any of his property in the last four years; if so, what was it, and to whom?  If he had any property, I never knowed it.

14. What is applicant's occupation and physical condition?  He practiced dentistry for a time, but his health was such that he could not continue in business.

15. Is the applicant unable to support himself by labor of any sort; if so, why?  From his appearance, I would say that he was incompetent to support himself or to do any labor.

16. How was he supported during the years 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1902?  I have understood that some relative was contributing to his support.

17. What portion of his support for these four years was derived from his own labor or income?  I should say none.

18. Give a full and complete statement of the applicant's physical condition that entitles him to a pension under Section 1254, Code?  By reason of his age & poverty in family & poverty, he is unable to support himself by his own exertion or labor.

19. Who composes family?  What property have they?  Children's age and their earning capacity?  Has wife & one child (daughter)--I do not know of any property they possess.

20. What interest have you in the recovery of a pension by this applicant?  None whatsoever.

O.V. Lamar, Witness

Sworn to and subscribed before me, this, the 8th day of Sept. 1905.

Phil E. Taylor, Ordinary.



AFFIDAVIT OF PHYSICIANS

State of Georgia
Schley County

Personally came before me J.R. Jordan and B.L. Bridges, both known to me as reputable physicians of said county, who being severally sworn, say on oath that they examined carefully T. G. Cheney, applicant for pension under Section 1254, Code, and after such personal examination say that his precise physical condition is as follows:  His physical condition is such as to render him unable to make a support for self, cause being from infirmity & loss of eye sight, and that we have no interest in said pension being allowed.

J.R. Jordan, MD
B.L. Bridges, MD

Sworn to and subscribed before me, this, the 8th day of Sept. 1905

Phil E. Taylor, Ordinary.

1860 Schley Co. Census
146  CHANEY, W.W.  40 M farmer
       Sarah  50 F
       John N.  14 M
       Greene H.
  13 M
       Mary C.
  7 F
       BROWNING,
Harrison  24 M farming

Dr. T.G. Cheney's date of death and place of burial is unknown to me.

 

Newton Clark Stevens

Private, N(ewton) C(lark) Stevens,
Ellaville, Ga., AKA "Dick" Stevens.

 


The information contained here is contributed by Judith Gresham judo53@chartermi.net   Much of it was supplied to her by Donna Corales Lowry and her mother Gloria Stevens Corales.

 

1.  NEWTON CLARK5 STEVENS son of Hampton Stevens and Attalissa Sparks was born 18 March 1846 in Harris County, GA, and died 28 January 1909 in Ama, LA.  He married (1) ANNIE WEST 03 December 1879 in Sumter County, FL.  She was born Abt. 1858 in AL, and died Bef. 1886.  He married (2) MARY ANNA LANDRY 20 January 1886 in At the home of her brother Julian Landy in Thiboduax, LA, daughter of SIMON LANDRY and MARY CHESTNUT.  She was born 22 September 1863 in Crevasse Settlement, Darrow, LA, and died 17 April 1954 in New Orleans, LA.

 

From the Marion County News dated 11-8-1889

 

Mr. N. C. Stevens of Darrow La, is here visiting relatives.  He is the brother of Hamp Stevens and Messrs. Stevens of Putnam.  He left Marion County 15 years ago.

 

Obituary of Dr. N.C. Stevens :  From the " Ascension Parish Chief" newspaper of February 1, 1909.

 

" The announcement of the death of Dr. N. C. Stevens, which appeared in the  New Orleans papers of the 29th ultimo, carried a pang of sorrow and regret to the hearts of many of the residents of this parish who will recall him as a highly esteemed and respected citizen and physician of the community for a number of years.  Dr. Stevens formerly resided in the village of Darrow, where he built up a successful and lucrative practice and acquired a prominent position in public affairs.  He served on the school board and at the time of his removal from the state was Chairman of the Democratic parish committee.  He was happily married to Miss Anna Landry, daughter of the late Widow Julien Landry, who for may years after the death of her husband and up to the time of her own passing away was a well-known resident of that portion of the sixth ward commonly known as Crevasse Settlement.

 

Having acquired a comfortable competence, Dr. Stevens temporarily abandoned the practice of his profession and moved to Florida, where he purchased land and embarked in fruit culture with a view particularly of establishing an extensive orange grove.  Inclement weather and other unfavorable conditions rendered this venture unsuccessful, and the doctor subsequently returned to Louisiana with his family and resumed the practice of Medicine, locating at Ama in the parish of St. Charles, where he continued to reside up to the time of his death.  He manifested the same patriotic interest in public affairs in St. Charles that he had previously done in Ascension, and became there, as he was here, a prominent and much respected citizen.

 

He had been in ill health for many months, but insisted upon attending to his professional duties until further exertion was impossible.  He was taken to the New Orleans Sanitarium and subjected to an operation in the hopes of prolonging his life, but the relief was only temporary and he passed away on the 28th of January, a few days after his return home from the city.  The remains were brought to Donaldsonville on Saturday, January 30, and laid to rest in the Catholic cemetery [ ERROR:  actually, Protestant Cemetery], attended by the bereaved widow and children and other sorrowing relatives and friends to whom the sincere sympathies of The Chief are extended.

 

Dr. Stevens was a native of Georgia and his age at death was 62 years."

 

Pension: After his death, his wife Anna Landry applied for and received his Civil War pension.

 

More About NEWTON CLARK STEVENS:

Burial: 30 January 1909, Protestant Cemetery, Donaldsonville, LA

Education: 1875, graduated  from the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD

Military service: Bet. 1862 - May 1865, Attended Georgia Military Institute (20 mi. from Atlanta) and with other cadets served in the Civil War.  These cadets were said to be the last troops east of the Mississippi River to give up their arms.

 

 

 

Marriage Notes for NEWTON STEVENS and ANNIE WEST:

From the Marion County Patriot dated 12-13-1879

 

N. C. Stevens of Leesburg, Florida married on the 3rd of December 1879 to Annie West in Sumter County, Florida

 

Notes for MARY ANNA LANDRY:

She was born September 22, 1863 in "Crevasse Settlement", Darrow, LA during a raid by Doyal's Home Guard on a Federal troop at Darrow.  Her father was a member of Doyal's Company but was probably not strong enough to fight with the other Confederates that night.

 

Mary Anna Landry was still a minor when her father's mother, Rosalie Justine (Braud) Landry died on  December 20, 1883.  Her father had died in 1865 and Anna and her only surviving sibling, Julien Omer Landry, were the heirs to 1/3 of her grandmother's estate.  On January 10, 1884 Anna was legally emancipated so that the estate could be settled, and in this way became one of the owners of "the Ascension Parish" property that is still owned by Stevens heirs today.

 

Burial: 18 April 1954, Protestant Cemetery, Donaldsonville, LA

 

Marriage Notes for NEWTON STEVENS and MARY LANDRY:

From an Ascension Parish Newspaper (name of periodical unknown) in February, 1886:

 

"STEVENS - LANDRY.  At Thibodaux, La.,on  Wednesday, January 30, 1896.  Dr. N.C. Stevens to Miss ANNA LANDRY of Ascension.

 

Dr. Stevens, who came to Ascension nearly two years ago, from Florida, and located himself in Darrowville for the practice of his profession, has established an enviable reputation as a physician and public spirited citizen, and is widely esteemed.  His chosen bride is the daughter of the late Mrs. Julien Landry, a most estimable and attractive young lady, greatly admired by all who know her.  The marriage took place at the residence of Mr. J. O. Landry, the bride's brother, and the couple have taken up their residence at the Doctor's home in Darrowville, where we hope they will reap the choicest blessings that can attend the union of loving hearts and hands."

 

Child of NEWTON STEVENS and ANNIE WEST is:

i. WILLIAM WEST6 STEVENS, b. February 1882; d. 25 August 1885, Pickens County, AL at the age of 3 years, 6 months.

Children of NEWTON STEVENS and MARY LANDRY are:

ii. AMELIA FLORIDA6 STEVENS, b. 26 August 1887, Wildewood, FL; d. 10 September 1959, New Orleans, LA.

Notes for AMELIA FLORIDA STEVENS:

Amelia's middle name, Florida, was chosen by her father.  She was born in Florida during the period that her father and mother were attempting to operate an orange grove.  Amelia Stevens never married.

Occupation: initially was trained to be a school teacher, but in her later years she was Postmistress of the Ama, LA Post Office which she maintained in her family's home..

iii. ROSALIE STEVENS, b. 12 December 1888, Acscension Parrish, LA; d. 19 December 1888.

2.         iv.   LAWRENCE HAMPTON STEVENS, b. 30 August 1890, Darrow, LA; d. 10 March 1979, New Orleans, LA.

3.          v.   ANNIE WEST STEVENS, b. 19 February 1893; d. 04 April 1989, Shreveport, LA.

vi. MARTHA LILLIE STEVENS, b. 18 October 1895, Elkhorn, LA; d. 07 August 1983, San Antonio, TX.

 

Notes for MARTHA LILLIE STEVENS:

"Bebe" never married.  She left Louisiana in September of 1921 to teach school in San Antonio, TX.  Her best friend at the Louisiana Normal in Natchitoches, LA was Charlie Ross, who was sent to live with her aunt in San Antonio after her mother's death.  Charlie Ross was terribly lonely in San Antonio, got a teaching application for BeBe and sent it to her;  BeBe filled it out and mailed it in, and before she knew it, she had been accepted for a teaching position in the San Antonio Public School System and was on her way to Texas.

vii. NEWTON CLARK STEVENS, JR., b. 15 August 1898; d. 07 November 1959, New Orleans, LA; m. EUPHROSINE PETIT, 26 October 1946, Louisiana

viii. DAVID HAROLD STEVENS, b. 05 July 1900, "Rock House" Ama, LA.

 

 

 

 




















 

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