Charles Womack - David Phillips Letters

Aug 4, 1855 |Oct 22, 1857 |June 3, ?1858|Oct 1, 1859 |January 5, 1861 | March 23, 1861 | April 12, 1861 | June 21, 1861 |March 12, 1868 |March 21, 1869


We are very fortunate to have these letters written from Schley County (previously Marion County) by Charles Womack. Ruth Gray, whose husband is a descendant of Charles Womack. Sr., has generously shared these letters. The original letters were donated to LA Tech by Ruben C. Phillips, a descendant of Charles sister, whose wife taught at the University. Additional letters to the Phillips family from William R. Murphey, Monroe County.
Her letter contains much helpful information to identify persons named within the letters.

We welcome information about the Womack family, individuals and place names mentioned in the letters as well as any insight on the historical and political content of the letters.

We have a total of 11 complete letters. One of those is included in the story on Co. G, 5th Ga. Inf.,http://www.rootsweb.com/~gaschley/g5th.htm. The letters span a period from 1855 to 1869, with the majority being written in 1861. They were written to various family members. Each letter will appear here as they are transcribed.

Please bear with us as this is slow tedious process. If you have additonal information, we welcome it. Please send to Harris or Virginia.


Buena Vista
Aug 4th 1855{could be 1853}

Dear Brother in law. I again avail myself with the
opportunity of writing you a few lines to let you
know how I am. I am enjoying my portion of that
inestimable blessing, health, hoping that these few
lines may find you and the family enjoying the same.

From last account from Ma she was some better or in
other words improving a little that was last Tuesday
when sister left there.

I am here in this place yet attending to the Post
Office. but expect that Pierce will turn me out for
being one of Sam's disciples or followers. I believe
that he disposes of all of Sam's boys in that
manner. Col. Hawkins made a very able speech here on
the 27 instant which was heard with great applause
(received applause). I advocate his doctrines
although mainly{or maybe} killed some of the anti
Know Nothings. They said it was the poorest thing
for a speech from a great man. We hoisted a flag,
the American flag with its stars and stripes and we
selected a motto the best that the English language
can afford which was "Americans shall rule America."
Sam is in our midst not dead yet and no hopes of it.

Womack letter-page 2

Hawkins will get a majority of this county if things
will work right. I will quit politics for I am no
politician. I will say to you vote for Sam and you
will vote for the right one. Pete (Gilpin you may
have forgotten his name) was here this week on route
to old man Mathews to build his house with two more
negroes. He went off without paying his bill and it
made old man Powell a little mad. He (Gilpin) said
you would be here on the 10th to hear Johnson's
speech. You must come and hear him ridicule the Know
Nothings. I think when he makes his speech that
there will be 40 to 50 join this new party, the only
organized party.

Times are very dull here now but I think it will
come out some after while, in the fall. We had a
very pretty shower this evening. I may go home
tomorrow if I go to Hopewell I shall go. I am like
Barnes people unto Stephens he says "lest I should
be accused of firing from a masked battery{?} or
using a stiletto in the dark like an Italian
assasin. I hereunto subscribe the name my father
gave me."
More anon.

Chas. Womack

Write soon.

Uniquely, this letter is written by David M. Phillips.  Since all of these letters came from received letters to David M. Phillips, I'm going out on a limb and say that perhaps it's a letter he sent home while on the road.  We believe that David Phillips and family were living in southern Marion county about this time.  We know that there were Phillips kin in a place called Loachapoka, AL and there was a Phillips/Stroud marriage there 09 Dec 1858.  This marriage was mentioned in a letter from William R. Murphey to David M. Phillips dated 8 Dec 1858.  Perhaps David was visiting this Phillips kin in this letter.  I leave this for others to decide.  Loachapoka is about midway between Auburn and Montgomery, AL and near Tuskegee.  He speaks of going on to Jackson, MS and implies further.  The Phillips moved to LA about 1859-60.  This could have been a scouting trip.  If you have information that might help unravel this puzzle, or information about the individuals mentioned, I wel!
come you input.  Harris Hill harrishill@starband.net.


October 22(?) 1857

Alabama, Montgomery County

I promise(d) to write to you when we arrive(d) at this place.  We are in three miles of the city of Montgomery tonight.  I am well and we are getting along finely.  The roads have been very dusty.  It is now raining.  It will be much more pleasant if it does not rain too much.  The lands are very poor until we got to Tuskegee.  From there to where we are now they have been good.  They sell from twenty five to thirty dollars per acre.  Fine houses every two or three hundred yards apart.  We have average(d) twenty miles per day, now eighty two miles from Columbus.  The roads have been good except dust aplenty of that.  I saw cousin Julius Phillips in Tuskegee.  I was with him about one hour.  His family were well and the connections(?)......(Note:  some small portion lost as the page was cut off inthe photocopying process).........he has married and have one child about eighteen months of age. Cousin Elizar Babel and her father have move back to Notasulga.  He told me (he) had!
 not seen them in some time.  Tell Dr. Brown to pay my taxes.  I believe cannot think nothing more to write.  Tell the children to bee (be) good boyes (boys) and mind what mar (Ma?) sayes (says).  I am sitting down and writing in my lap.  Idonot (I do not) now (know) whether you can read this or not.  Nothing more but remains of your husband until death.

D.M. Phillips

I forgot to tell you that we were in company with Robert Hubbert and wife & we will remain together until we get to Jackson, Mississippi.  I wil (will) write to you at that point again.

The letter is written to David M. Phillips and the year is
unknown.  Someone many years later had written in 1858?

June 3  Buenavista Marion Co

Mr. Phillips, according to promise I write you a few lines.
Mr. J. _right is here.  He asked me to write to you that you
had a call and lal_ at his use and if whished (wished) him to
sell them for you he would.  Just let him know your price for
them.  I am well and hoping these lines will find you all well.
They are well at Pa.  Billy Kelly is very bad of (off) with the
W_ite swelling.  John, he told me yesterday, he said he did not
think that (he would?)  live or if he does he will be a
cripple.  Frank has a runaway, too (two) or three weeks they
have not heard __im.  This was a runaway negro caught here and
put in jail this morning.  Aunt Pricey Floyd is dead (and?) has
been dead three weeks.  Granma and Aunt Pricey would have come
down if she had of lived.  Mr. Butler(?) was here last week,
told of her death.  She died at William('s?).  We are a needing
a rain.  I think we will get it, tis a thundering now.  Pa has
had rain.  All of your horese (horses are?) dead but one and
that had better be, for it (can't?) walk much but we have
bought one and (it is?) wild but ther (there) is a man here can
make a horse (do) any thing but talk.  He is working on him.
(He?) will be tame by the time he gets through.  (He?) can make
a hores follow him any where.  (There?) is great excitement on
the management of horses.  Give my love to all of the children
and reserve a portion for yourself and Lucinda .  Tell the
children to be good an pretty children ___ I will give them
something pretty.  You must write us soon as you get so that I
can tell Mr. (Bright or Wright).   __ must come (when?) you
can.  You cant (can't) read ____ but you must guse (guess?) at
what you cant (can't) read.  ___ there is so much talkng all
about that I cant (can't) (write?) nothing more.  Yours Truly,

N. Powell to
Mr. Phillips

Notes:  It was suggested to me a while back that the connecting
thread amongst the Murpheys and the Phillips could possibly be
the Floyds.  This letter suggests some more crediability to
that theory.  Could "Aunt Pricey Floyd" have been Priscilla
Floyd? We know Priscilla had a son named William?  Priscella
was also the mother of Lucy Floyd who married Wm. R. Murphey.
One of her other sons Archibald married a Jane Butler, daughter
of Edmund Mumford Butler (1799-1866).  A Mr. Butler in this
letter is the man who brings the news of Aunt Pricey's death.
According to a Floyd family bio, Priscilla and husband Dolphin
D. Floyd are both suspected of dying in a thyphoid fever
epidemic in 1859.

We know that Charles Womack's sister Nancy married James (I.or
L.) Powell (Marion Co. 21 Sept. 1852) and we have another of
her letters from Marion county dated 5 August 1861 that she
signs N. Powell.  I feel reasonably certain that this letter is
also probably from Nancy.  She refers to AUNT Pricey Floyd
coming to visit David Phillips with "Granma" if she had lived.
Who is "Granma"?  Could Aunt Picey Floyd and Granma have been
sisters?

The Daniel, Catherine & Jeremiah Powells in this household are
not the children of Nancy Womack Powell.  Mr. Powell was
married first to a Lucinda Ashmore and these are believed to
his children from that marriage.

CENSUS YR:  1860  TERRITORY:  GA  COUNTY:  Marion  DIVISION:  Buenavista District  REEL NO:  M653-130  PAGE NO:  23
REFERENCE:  29 June 1860, L. W. Wall, Ass't Marshall
1   163  163 Powell         James          57   M         Farmer         6,451     15,170    Georgia
                   REMARKS:  Page 259 on microfilm
2   163  163 Powell         Nancy          44   F         Domestic                           Georgia
3   163  163 Powell         Daniel         23   M         Farm Laborer                       Georgia
4   163  163 Powell         Catharine      20   F         Domestic                           Georgia
5   163  163 Powell         Jeremiah       16   M         Farm Laborer                       Georgia                 
 
I believe this might be the Mr. J. _right that was mentioned in the letter.
CENSUS YR:  1860  TERRITORY:  GA  COUNTY:  Marion  DIVISION:  Cutt Off District  REEL NO:  M653-130  PAGE NO:  46
REFERENCE:  18 July 1860, L. W. Wall, Ass't Marshall

38  330  330 Wright         John W         37   M         Farmer         2,000     9,900     Georgia
39  330  330 Wright         Frances A.     33   F         Domestic                           Georgia
40  330  330 Wright         James E        14   M                                            Georgia
1   330  330 Wright         Lenton L       10   M                                            Georgia                 X
                   REMARKS:  Page 283 on microfilm
2   330  330 Wright         Larance B      8    M                                            Georgia                 X
3   330  330 Wright         Mary J         4    F                                            Georgia
4   330  330 Wright         Henry L        1    M                                            Georgia
     

Schley Cty., Ga.  Oct. 1st 1859 (?1857)
 
Brother David

In compliance with your request, I take opportunity of writing
you a few lines in the form of a letter which I am in hopes will
build your approbation. Letter writting is a thing which I do not
like to do as well as some other things not that I hate to write
for it is no trouble for me to write but because I cannot find
anything that will interest the reader.  When I got home on
Thursday I found Ma quite sick worse than she was on Tuesday.
She said that she had vomited up a good deal of bile which made
her feel worse.  I stopped at Swain's Mills and got the bottle
filled with mineral water and then left it unstopped and it lost
all of its strength. Mrs. Ingram went to Americus last week and
stopped by here twice and it appeared that she commenced getting
better immediately.  She is considerable better now. I do not
think she has thrown up in some time.  As long as she can keep
from vomiting she keeps in pretty good health and it appears that
ice allays that to some degree.  I have ginned and packed five
bags of cotton and it took a good deal to make them.  I have not
got the screw up yet. Worsham's Shipp came out to commence work I
had to haul it to old man Ingram's screw to pack which I am in
hopes that I will not have to do again.

page 2

I reckon you have heard from the election___.  Three in this
Democracy carried the day from 1. 9. 11. Crawford beat Douglas
one vote.  Perry beat Cottle nine votes. Crittenden beat old man
Hixon eleven votes.  I do not know what makes farmers such fools
to force their cotton into market and brings the price down to
nothing. In Americus 9 3/4 is the top of the market it ought to
be from 11 to 13 cents. Begin (to) think that is going to be an
overwhelming crop made because there is such a quantity going to
market so early and on that account they put down the prices.  I
say farmers are such fools when they could be independent of the
world. I would have been more punctual but I have been (so) busy
that I had no time to mail a letter but I will be more punctual
from this on to _____ ______.

Yours truly Chas Womack

NOTES:
Schley didn't become a county officially until an
act of the legislature in Dec. 1857.  The act
further specified that elections for county
officials would take place on the first Monday in
March, 1858.  This would seem to indicate that the
letter date is most probably 1859 rather than 1857.

The Ingrams mentioned are the household right next
door to the Womacks on the 1860 census.
 
42      WOMACK, Charles 72
         Amanda P 32
         Charles 24
         Ann E 21
        KELLEY, Wm C 7
           Asa 5
           James 3
43      INGRAM, Wm R.A. 57
         Martha J 32
         Polly M 11
image 8
43      INGRAM, Sarah J. 9 f
         Wm B. P.  7 m
         Forella S. 5 f
         STEELE, Joseph  30 m  farm laborer  S. Carolina

Schley Cty. Geo.  Jan. 5th 1861

Brother David

I expect before you receive this letter you will have
come to the same conclusion that I have concerning your
writing.  That is that you have forgotten me, but I can
say to the contrary concerning myself that I never will
as long as I am permitted to in habit this globe forget
you and yours.  I would be glad that it was so arranged
that we could meet oftener than we have the last year and
I am in hopes that we may so be situated in a few years
that we shall meet oftener.  From the old sign I think we
will have a plenty of rain this year for it has rained
near all this year but now it is very nice weather.  We
had very lively times during the Christmas holy days
notwithstanding the times are so gloomy where there is a
dark cloud hanging over the country.  Maj. Black & French
are elected delegates to the convention and they are
going to give parties.  Black's is next week.  French's
soon after.  Bill Threlkeld is elected, tax receiver.
The entire Union or Cooperation ticket is elected by a
large majority in this county.  Col. Brown in Marion is
elected on the Union ticket and Edgar Butts on the
sucession ticket.  The convention meets on the 16th inst.
Then our destinies will be decided for real or not.  They
have Corley to preach for them in Ellaville this year.
He preaches there today and tomorrow.  I received a
letter from yesterday stating that they are well with the
exception of Lucinda and who was the strongest man South.
If the South had voted for Breckenridge he would not have
been elected for the reason that he would not have gotten
enough votes north with the votes south to have beaten
Lincoln.  I lay Lincoln election entirely on Breckenridge
for he was just as much a sectional candidate as Lincoln
was and for that reason there was a great many who voted
against the south otherwise they would have voted with
South if Breckenridge had not been elected.  Bell or
Douglas could have beaten Lincoln for there was about six
hundred thousand votes more polled against Lincoln at the
North than there were in South.  Your _______ modern
democracy has brought all this on the country for they
have been in power the last 15 or 20 years with the
exception of 4 years.  Enough, for you know the country
is in a deplorable condition.  

I shall have to conclude on account of my pen being so
bad.  Give my love to all.  All the family are well.  ___
married one of Mr. Cater's negroes.
                                                         
Most respecfully & c
                                                                 Charles Womack

Notes:  The 1860 election is interesting.  The
Republicans nominated Lincoln on the third ballot over
front runner William Seward.  The Democrats were divided
over the slavery/states rights issues and nominated
Stephen A. Douglas.  Southern Democrats who called
themselves Union Democrats nominated John C.
Breckenridge.  And yet another group who called
themselves Constitutional Union Party nominated John
Bell. The Republicans united behind Lincolm and they
Democrats were splintered into three factions,
representing three geograpic regions.  

This map will give you an idea of how the voting went
http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/elections/maps/1860.gif.

We know the outcome.  Suffice it to say that had the
Democrats been united it would have been a very different
race.

French - Hiram French, Pond Town from 1853 to 1858 when
he bcame the first clerk of Superior Court of Schley Co.

Brown - see previous letter

Schley Cty Geo  March 23 1861

Brother David

Yours and Lucinda's letter was received on last Saturday which I
was glad to receive. It takes letters three weeks after they are
mailed to come or go if not delayed.  We do not get the news
until three weeks after it has transpired therefore we should
write weekly. We have the privilige of the U.S. postage yet a
while but it will not be long before we will have to pay ten
cents postage.  The reason why I have not written to you sooner
is that I have been busily engaged planting corn for this last
week and as I am planting on the level system this year it
required my immediate attention to keep the rows on a level.  I
have got about one hundred and twenty acres of planted and about
twenty acres more to plant yet.  I broke our corn land and half
of our cotton land with scooters square pointed twelve inches
long.  I have got about 20 acres of cotton land to bed, it has
been broken with scooters well.  The other which was broken with
scooters is bedded.  We will not plant but about seventy acres of
cotton this year.  I want to make a plenty of corn which I think
we will.  The land is well prepared and I think we will also make
more cotton than we ever have because I have prepared the land
better than ever before.  I feel like I am going to make a good
crop this year.  There is something that prompts me on and seems
to tell me to push forward which encourages me.  I cannot tell
how it will terminate.  I have much confidence in it that I do
not mind making an effort towards it.  Good many farmers are
using guano only experimenting with I came very near getting
some.  If it proves well this year next I get some and use it
scientifically. I have got to be a little scientific in farming.
Last if it had not have been for the hail I think we should have
twice the cotton we did make we only made fourteen bales
averaging five hundred pounds.  I do not think cotton could be
injured by hail any worse than that was.  I have got some manure
to put on our cotton land and I am going to lay off the rows with
a scooter then in that furrow with a shovel so as to get the
namure where it will not be worked out.

You would like from some other topic I reckon but I am better
posted on farming and politics than anything and do not know much
about them.  I saw in the paper not long since that Owen Willis
was dead.  I cannot tell you much about Monroe(county?) as I have
no correspondent in that direction.  You hear most of the news
through William Murphey .  

The war excitement was almost died out but soon after Lincoln's
inauguration there was great excitment it was considered a
declaration of war but since then the proceedings of U.S.
Congress wears a peaceful appearance.  It is not too late yet for
war.

I understood that the Buena Vista company was ordered to
Pensacola (Fort Pickens) but I think it a false report.  Mrs.
Carters eyes are very bad.  I think they will go out she suffers
a great deal.  I do not think she cannot stand it much longer.
Billie Kelly's leg at times pains him very much.  We thought it
was going to rise at his knee for a while but it is better now.
All the rest of the family are well.  Pa keeps up finely for old
age.

Tell Lucinda that Amanda is having a carpet wove which I think
looks very well for a domestics carpet--she has torn up all the
rags.  I accidently set some of them on fire this morning. Tell
all the children howdy and I think of them often.
                                                                                Yours indeed
                                                                                        Charlie

Schley Cty. Geo. Apr 12th 1861
 
Brother David
I believe I wrote to you last but as it takes a
letter so long to go I will write without waiting
for an answer.  The reason why I have not written
sooner was that the latter part of last week Warren
Battle's mill dam broke and I was a seining.  We
caught more fish than I ever saw at one sight
before.  The first day I got a trout that weighed
eight pounds and a half and so many pirch(perch) as
the negroes could not eat at three meals.  The
second day I got a trout that weighed about eight
pounds and as many pirch(perch) as the day before.
I expect there was two thousand pounds (of) fish
caught since the dam has broken.  Warren Battle is
building one of the finest mills in South Western
Georgia.  He will have it ready to grind by the
middle of May or first of June.  I have got one of
the best fish ponds in Georgia.  I put 400 or 500
fish in it out of Battle's pond but I think most of
them are dead though i can see a few live ones.
Wheat crops never looked more promising than they do
now, from all parts of Georgia the same tale comes
that the wheat crop is excellent.  

The war excitement is still prevailing.  We are
listing (listening) every day to hear that the war
has commenced at Pensacola. There was fifteen
companies passed through Macon enroute to Pensacola.
There is now 218 companies in Georgia which could
whip half of the north and they are still making up
more companies. If the north does not intend to
fight---she is acting very strange by not
withdrawing the troops from Forts Sumter and
Pickens(Pensacola). I believe the withdrawing the
troops from Fort Sumter is all a farce. The Federal
Government has been withdrawing the troops from Fort
Sumter for the last month and there is no more
probability of their withdrawal than there was then.
I beleive by acting so  they thought they would get
the South off of her watch then they would come down
upon her.  All that helps the North from fighting is
the Southern bordering states she knows well enough
that when the fight begins there those bordering
states the most of them will brake lose(loose) the
fetters that now bind them to the Federal Government
and join with the Conferate States.  Then it will be
the greatest nation upon the globe and then we will
dare the North to attempt to fight us.  We can then
stand our hand with any of them so long as we have
cotton on our side.

In your last letter you stated that you thought I
was a stronger secessionist than you were.  Well I
am just this much of a secessionist--that I saw that
there was no other remedy for the South but to
disrupt the ties that bound her to the Union and
assume her independance at all hazards.  If there
had been a compromise made or the constitution had
been amended so as to satisfied(satisfy) the South,
why the North violated the constitution once and she
would do it again.  There was no confidence to be
placed in her under no consideration.  The North was
determined that if she remained in the Union she the
North ahving the majority in congress would vote the
South out of all her rights.  Indeed there has been
no Union between the North and South before the
secession movement went into effect. When I get to
writing about politics I do not (know) where to
stop.  

I have just began planting cotton.  I was afraid to
begin any sooner for fear of frost--due some of our
corn has been bit by frost and the rest of it looks
well to the age of it.  I put a new enclosure around
it and broke it up well.  We have got a good many
vegetables planted.  I planted two bushels of Irish
potatoes and Amanda has got the finest English peas
I ever saw.  A good garden will pay very well.  This
year Mr. Kelly is teaching school near Friendship
and has a poor school.  Amanda is very anxious for
Billie to go to school to him but Mr. Powell and
sister were down there not long ago and said that he
his(has) kitchen and smoke house in the same house
he lived in.  You know what sort of a man he is.
All the family are well.  I will have to close as I
have no further time to write.
 
                                          Yours ______
                                          Charles Womack
 

Lumpkin  Stewart County Ga
June No 21  1861

__ D.M. Phillips       At home

Dear friend,

I avail my self at dropin ___ a few lines to let you no (know)
that me & family is well.  Hopin that they may find you enjoyin
the same belesin (blessing).  I received your letter the 15th
of May an (and) was glad to hear hear from you.  All of
Granna(?) family is well.  She sends her best respts (respects)
to you & wife & children.  She sed (said) wantt (want) to see
you all very badly.  We have som(some) sickness hear (here) &
some fever deaths.  Times hear (here) is hard.  Know but it
will be worse next year for we have not had no rain rain in 5
weekes (weeks).  Not a nape(?) to runoff of the eve (eave) of
the house & my corn is a dien (dying) by ___ want a rain.  Corn
is worth $1.50 (smudged), meat 22 cents, flour $12 per bbl. and
coffee 35 cents per lb & I think times is a gettin to be very
hard.  We have _ company in this county.  Peas is worth $2.25
per bushel.  Dave, you must excuse me for not (writing) you
before know (now).  I would have donit (done it) but I hav (!
have) not had no money.  I want yo to send me a way bill in
your next letter.  If I can get of (off) next winter I shall
move out there & I wan(t) you to write to me soon and send me a
pay bill & James M. ses he will come with me.  Dave, I have a
fine boy.  He likes 8 days of 3 months old.  He waise(weighs)
16 1/2 pound & his name is Gorge Washington Morris & if he were
old a nufe (enough) he should go to the war.  James Morris olds
(oldest) boy is gon(e).  He is at Pencicola (Pensacola).  I
received a letter from him last night & he was well & enjoyin
his self some, has plenty to eat.  They have had one fight and
expect a nother in a few days.  I gets a letter from him evry
(every) 2 weeks.  Well, I must come to a clouse (close).  Dave
write to me soon as you get this.  I am yours until death.

John A. Morris

D.M. Phillips


Notes:
This letter by John A. Morris of Stewart county is written to
David Marion Phillips who by this time is thought to be in
Louisiana.  He had lived in Monroe and Marion counties prior to
this time. I had very little success researching this letter.
It would seem that there should be more available as there are
some excellent leads in the letter.  The only Morris'  in
Stewart Co. CSA units all enlisted after the date of this
letter, so I presume James Morris' oldest boy must have
enlisted in another county.  Does anyone know anything on
George Washington Morris?  I did find John A. Morris on the
1850 Stewart census.  Any help appreciated Harris Hill
harrishill@starband.net

1850 Stewart Co. census Panhandle district 18 Aug 1850 page 42
47/47  John A. Morris 28 m farmer 1000 SC
          Georgia 17 f GA

Notes: Charles Womack enlisted in Co. G, 5th Ga. Inf., C.S.A. not quite one month after he wrote this and was himself marching to Pensacola within a few weeks.

Friendship at this time was in Schley Co. in the extreme SW portion of the county. Because of the constantly shifting lines due to county formatations, etc. it was back in Sumter Co. by 1883 and is yet today.

The Billie mentioned would be Wm. Kelley, age 7, shown in the census below and Mr. Kelley, the school teacher was his father. William F. Kelley married Charles' sister Caroline December 19, 1850 in Marion Co. Since Caroline is absent on the 1860 census, one might presume she has died. I have thus far been unable to find a cemetery record. I welcome information on this aspect.

The Amanda that is mentioned is Charles Jr.'s older sister.

That brings us to trying to identifying the addressee of this letter. Charles had other siblings that are not listed in these two censuses, but none of them are named David. So who's Brother David? I believe and will strive to prove that "Brother David" is actually Charles' brother-in-law David Marion Phillips who married Charles' sister Lucinda who married David Phillips August 18, 1840 in Monroe Co. Ga. They moved to Lousiana in about 1860 and are found on the 1870 Lousiana Census index in Claiborne Parish. The family who donated the letters to the Univesity is from Claiborne Parish, La. I welcome any information about this connection.

I would like to thank Roger Womack who provided additional information about the family of Charles Womack. Much of the information shown in the notes above was based on this data. Thank you Roger.

1850 Marion County Census shows the folowing Womack children at home.
Nancy age 32
Amanda age 24
Caroline age 19
Martha age 16
Charles Jr. age 14
Elizabeth(Ann E on 1860) age 11
also in the HH is 
William F. Kelly age 22(school teacher)
William Bailey age 19 student
Henry Bailey age 24 student
 
1860 Schley Co., Ga, page 7, taken June 1860.
42      WOMACK, Charles 72
         Amanda P 32
         Charles 24
         Ann E 21
        KELLEY, Wm C 7
           Asa 5
           James 3


From the Marion County Patriot dated February 16, 1900

Death of Mr. Womack

Mr. Charley Womack, a Confederate veteran sixty-four years of age, died at his home near William's Mill last Saturday morning and his remains were laid to rest at Hopewell church Sunday morning. The funeral services were conducted by Rev. R. F. Williamson, and at its conclusion the minister announced that the company comrades of the deceased would convey the remains to their last resting place. Six of Mr. Womack's company comrades arose in the audience, and bore the remains to the cemetery, and our informant states that he had not proceeded more than a half a mile when he met the seventh comrade. This is a remarkable circumstance. Not many Confederate veterans could die in this country now and have six of his company comrades so loving lay his remains to rest.

Ruth Gray Grayruth@aol.com
 
Hi Harris:

I shall try to give you some of the info we have
which may in part answer some of the questions
arising in your scrutiny of those letters.

My late husband was a descendant of Charles Womack,
b. 1787-8, and Casandry Benton.  Their daughter,
Lucinda Womack (b. 1821, d. 1896) married David
Marion Phillips (b.1821 in Wilkes Co. GA, married
1840 in Monroe Co, d. 1901 in Claiborne Parish, La).
Both Charles and his son, Charles, wrote letters to
David Phillips.

While trying to research the family of my husband, I
contacted Ruben C. Phillips, then in Haughton, LA.
He sent me copies of some letters received by David
Phillips from Georgia in the 1855 to 1891 period.
He said he had 37 letters which he donated to LA
Tech where his wife (deceased) had taught. The
letters were written in ink, pencil or dye if ink
was not available, and the copies were made rather
carelessly.  I hope I have matched the pages
correctly.

After Civil War service, Charles returned home and
married Elizabeth Murphy in1869.

I tried to learn about the family of William
Phillips and Lucy Johnson who married in 1819 in
Wilkes County, but had little success.  They were
the parents of the David Phillips who married
Lucinda Womack and lived in Claiborne Parish.
William's parents were David Marion Phillips and
Mary Davis who married in Virginia and migrated to
Georgia.  Mary's parents were Jonathan Davis and
Lucy Gibbs.

To help identify names in the letters, daughters of
David and Mary married Thomas Baber, Jesse Wooten,
Edmond Shackleford and Elisha Henderson  and
produced cousins for Charles.        William and
Lucy Phillips are said to have had 6 boys and 5
girls and moved to Monroe Co., then Indian Territory
with little record-keeping, after the death of his
father in 1820.  

Their children of whom I am reasonably certain were:
        David M. m. Lucinda Womack
        Martha Ann m. Joseph Mallory White
        Mary Frances m. James M. White, who worked for Wm. Murphy
        Lucinda m. Wm. R. Murphy, a wealthy planter
        Frankie m. John A. Morris

Children of Charles Womack,( b.1787-8, d. before
1880, he was 83 in 1870) and Casandry Benton as
given to me:

Nancy b. c1818, m. a Powell
Lucinda b. 13 May 1821, m. in 1840 to David M. Phillips
Amanda b. c1826, m. in 1876 to a Little ?  
Caroline b. c1831, m. 1850 to William F. Kelly, a teacher, and died by 1860.Her children, Jimmy, Asa and William, were raised by Charles, Sr.

Martha b. c1834, m. William Parker

Charles b. c1836, m. Elizabeth Murphy in 1869.  He
died in 1900 at home near William's Mill and was
buried at the Hopewell Church cemetery. Seven
Confederate Company comrades bore the remains to the
cemetery. (Source: Marion County Patriot dated Feb.
16, 1900)

Elizabeth (Ann) b. c1839.  The 1900 census shows her living with her  
                        nephew, Wm. Kelly.

We have been trying to ascertain the parents of
Charles Womack, b. 1787-8, and believe he is the son
of Abraham Womack ( who died in Monroe Co at 91 yrs
in 1834) and Judith Minter.  Abraham married a
second time in 1825 to Lucy Moody.

From p.212 of 1805 INFORMATION ON SOME GEORGIA
PIONEERS by Joseph Maddox, 1982:  Abraham Womack,
Franklin Cty, RS, moved to Jones Cty.  s/o Dherwood.
Is this the same Abraham?

Any help with the Womacks would be appreciated!  We
have info on Mordecai Benton and Priscilla Pratt,
the parents of Casandry.  If I can contribute in any
way, please tell me.

Ruth Gray  Grayruth@aol.com
 
 
Friendship Cemetery, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana
Submitted by Bobby Ware , bmware@cei.net

Survey made 27 September, 2000

Phillips, Charles          4/6/1851     12/13/1934                             
Phillips, David            1864         1949                                   
Phillips, David M.         9/23/1821    11/25/1901                             
Phillips, Evie             1872         1966                                   
Phillips, Hattie Inez      6/28/1898    1/28/1903                              
Phillips, Joseph Coy       4/17/1903    9/17/1905                              
Phillips, Lucinda Womack   5/13/1821    11/17/1896    w/o D.M. Phillips        
Phillips, Mattie           7/6/1854     1/6/1921      w/o Charles Phillips     
Phillips, Nettie           9/17/1872    2/13/1972                              
Phillips, Ola Webb         1898         1978                                   
Phillips, Robert "Bob"     4/30/1855    11/11/1919                             
Phillips, Ruben Carlos     1892                                                
Phillips, William "Billy"  11/11/1848   9/5/1908                               
Phillips, Charles M.       3/14/1892    2/5/1893      s/o Chas.& Mattie Phillips


Schley County Page last updated: Tuesday, 18-Mar-2003 18:10:12 MST

Hiram French

Researcher: Judith Gresham
Hiram L. French was born Dec. 2, 1818 in Hampton, NY. He married Emiline Hurt daughter of Joel Hurt of Olgethorpe County Sept. 24, 1838 in Olgethorpe County. Emiline was the sister of Louisa Josephine Hurt Stevens of Putnam. Hiram and Emiline had two children, Henry D. and Ida. Henry died in the War. Hiram helped organize a troup from Schley.
From article dated Sept. 24, 1875 The Weekly Publisher
Capt. H. L. French is No More On Saturday morning last a dispatch from Atlanta was received in this city announcing the death of Capt. H. L. French, who ended his life by taking morphine. A brief biography of the deceased, and the circumstances attending his death, will be found in another column.

The deceased was born in Hampton, N. Y. December 2d, 1818. and was in the 57th year of his age at the time of his death. We never thought for a moment that he would have ever taken his own life, as he was a man uniformly cheerful in disposition and not given to melancholy moods. He was a man of fine address, universally popular and highly esteemed. He had been a citizen of Americus since the war, and on two occasions was elected Mayor of the city. He left Americus two or three weeks ago, to accept a position under Col. Jack Brown, in the Revenue office, which position he held at the time of this death. Before his removal to Americus, he served as Clerk of the Superior Court of Schley county until the breaking out of the war, when he resigned and entered the Confederate army as Captain of the "Schley Guards." He also represented Schley county in the Legislature, and was a member of the secession convention.
His remains reached this place on the Sunday noon train from Macon, and conveyed to Ellaville, where they were interred with Masonic honors, a large concourse of friends following the remains to the tomb.
Of his many virtues we have not room to speak. Let his faults rest in his grave.

From an article on the suicide Captain French was a man of rather fine personal appearance. He was at the time of his death about fifty-two years of age, weighed perhaps one hundred and forty-five pounds, had rather a light grayish beard, and light grayish hair. His complexion is fair.

Ida married Jack Eason and she died in Worth county aft 1907. Jack died March 29, 1882. They had no children. Jack and Ida married 8/14/1862, I don't know if it was in Schley county as that is the date on her pension papers I received recently.


William Murphey Letters

At home,  March 22nd 1858
Mr. David M. Phillips
 
Dear Sir & friend
 
I have concluded to give you a short epistle by way of
consuming  at least some few of our idle moments in reading
the same.  Well as I have not much to write, as you have
been so recently with us, I commence by saying that we are
all in moderate health, thank the great.  I am and at last
entertain a hope that you and yours are in the enjoyment of
necessary blessings both temporal and spiritual.  I was at
James' Thursday night, found them moderately well.  James
complaining as usual.  He came very near having a hard
spell from going home in the snow from my house, kept him
in bed some little, he is about done planting corn.  Mr.
F.H. Reeves is now very low with Pneumonia, I understand
but little hope for his recovery.  Mrs. Nathan Jones (near
Culloden) died last Thursday, not much sickness that I hear
of--I saw Owen J. Willis, when I was coming home from
James' we were speaking about yours and his trading, and in
the course of conversation, he said that he wanted very
much to have seen you, to apprized you that your grey mare
was not safe for a lady to drive, for said he, if she was
to see an umbrella behind her to a buggy she would be
certain to run away or break something in trying, he also
said that she would not breed, as the man from whom he
traded for her, had tried her again and again, having a
Jack of his own, he also said she was fifteen years old,
these things I only mention for your instruction, and not
for you to speak of again, so as, to jeopardize my name in
any way, no doubt you could have sold your Jack at Culloden
if I had known as much as I now know, to Dr. Timberlake and
perhaps Woodward.  Are you getting mares?  How do you like
your bay mare?  Hamlen I think is well pleased.  I have
traded some six or eight time since you left, but can't yet
trade with James.  I have only planted about thirty acres
of corn.  People generally are planting.  I saw Mr. Merritt
in town he had just returned from your country, he said our
small grain looked much better than in your country, and
that you were not planting so much as we.  Money is yet
scarce, how is it in your country?  Ambrose traded off the
bay mare for a pair of black horses.  I have a bay mare now
of fine size, that I wish you had in place of your young
mule to raise mules from.  She is eight years old, fine
size, good color, a good walker, and plow animal.  If it
was not quite so far I would ride over some evening and
swap with you.  No particular news.  You must write me and
give me a recipe of the ingredients to make the poultice
for felon or whitlow, as I forgot to ask you when out of
the company of the females, supposing from what Lucinda
said there was something not very nice in it.

Give our respects to your family and relatives, also to
inquiring friends if such you meet and receive to yourself
a liberal portion of my best wishes for your prosperity and
happiness in life, your support and comfort in death, and
your final and everlasting salvation in heaven through the
Redeemer.

Very Truly

William R. Murphey


Notes:  relayed by Ruth Gray.  Wm. R. Murphy married Mary
Frances Phillips, who was a sister to David M. Phillips,
who married Charles Womack's sister Lucinda.  The letters
were all donated to Louisiana Tech. Univ. by the Phillips
family.  Copies have graciously been provided to us for
transcription and study by Ruth Gray, whose husband was a
descendant of Charles Womack.

"William Murphy husband of Lucinda Phillips was a wealthy
planter and businessman.  They had 10 children.  Before the
war he had 30 slaves.  He supported the War effort with
supplies and money.  His house was used as a hospital and a
way station for people visiting wounded soldiers.  His sons
were all involved in the battles in Tennessee.  Three of
his sons were wounded, some severely.  His house was
ransacked by the Union soldiers and everything of value was
taken.  He had 175 bales of cotton burned by the soldiers.
He loaned the confederate government 80,000 dollars.  He
was injured very badly when he was speeding in his buggy
and it upset.  He spent several hours alone before someone
came and helped him.  From than on he was crippled and had
to use crutches which he called his sticks.  He was heavily
in debt at the end of the war, but was working to pay off
the debt.  He sold most of his land, except for 350 acres.
He was doing around $100,000 a year selling produce,
fertilizer, buying and selling cotton."

Notes: relayed by Ruth Gray. Wm. R. Murphy married Mary Frances Phillips, who was a sister to David M. Phillips, who married Charles Womack's sister Lucinda. The letters were all donated to Louisiana Tech. Univ. by the Phillips family. Copies have graciously been provided to us for transcription and study by Ruth Gray, whose husband was a descendant of Charles Womack.

"William Murphy husband of Lucinda Phillips was a wealthy planter and businessman. They had 10 children. Before the war he had 30 slaves. He supported the War effort with supplies and money. His house was used as a hospital and a way station for people visiting wounded soldiers. His sons were all involved in the battles in Tennessee. Three of his sons were wounded, some severely. His house was ransacked by the Union soldiers and everything of value was taken. He had 175 bales of cotton burned by the soldiers. He loaned the confederate government 80,000 dollars. He was injured very badly when he was speeding in his buggy and it upset. He spent several hours alone before someone came and helped him. From than on he was crippled and had to use crutches which he called his sticks. He was heavily in debt at the end of the war, but was working to pay off the debt. He sold most of his land, except for 350 acres. He was doing around $100,000 a year selling produce, fertilizer, buying and selling cotton."


Georgia Schley County  12th March 1868

Dear Children

As I cannot write with pen and ink, I have concluded I would
try a pencil.  Our family is in moderate health at present
with all friends and acquaintances as far as I know.  Hoping
this will find you and yours enjoying a similar blessing.
Billy, Asa, and Johnnie Kelly are going to school to a very
competent (I think) teacher by the name of Thornton Peacock-
-making a very good progress in their studies and Asa the
most rapid being much more apt than Billy.  

Mr. Powell and
Nancy was here Saturday and Sunday, as well as usual.  Mr.
{Powell} has lost the sight of his right eye for some two
years or more and has had an operation performed upon it by
inserting some instrument in the ball of the eye to remove
the cataract from it and he has hopes that it may be
restored to sight again.  

We made a very poor crop last year
and the year before and are now buying corn at one dollar
and a half a bushel and we have a family of 12 negroes to
furnish with bacon and corn.  There are 7 able to work in
the field, we furnishing the land and they finding
themselves food and give them half they make, paying us for
supplies out of their part of the crop.

Amanda and Bess are still single and living with me and
doing all the cooking and sewing, but hiring the washing,
ironing and milking.  Charles is still with {me} and is
going to Americus tomorrow if no providential occurance does
not prevent {it} and will carry some ( _____ forty hens) as
they are woth 50 cents apiece and have some 801 eighty.
Amanda says and think{s} 30 or 40 enough for us.  We made
last from 3/8 of acre planted in sugar {cane?},  75 gallons
of excellent syrup and saved enough to plant half an acre
this year an sold 618 stalks at a dollar and ______ a stalk.
There is earthly pleasure, would be so gratifying as to see
{you} and children once more before I die but my infirmities
forbids the hope of doing so as I am not able to go to see
you and I cannot expect you and your children to visit us.
I entered (81st) year on the 5th day of September last
consequently but a short {time?} to live.  

Write upon the
receipt of this and more often as you have been doing as in
all probability this is the last I shall ever write you.
Tell Billy and they must {write} to me as be great pleasure
to get from them.  And wishing both in this world and that
which is {to} come.

I remain your affectionate father.

D.M. & L Phillips                                
Charles

Here is another Womack family letter.  This one is quite
sad.  It appears it was written by Charles Womack Sr. to his
daughter Lucinda Womack Phillips and her husband David
Marion Phillips.  I do not have Charles Sr.'s birth date or
death date.  I would bet money he is buried in Marion county
near the Schley line but so far the graves have never been
located.  Mr. Powell I believe is James I. Powell, huband to
Nancy Womack Powell.  If anyone has anything on the people
mentioned here, we would like to include it.  Harris.


Schley Cty Geo
March 21st 1869

Dear Brother

We received Lucinda's letter several days ago and I would have answered it earlier but ____ circumstances were of such nature that I have neglected it until tonight and have a good chance to send it to Americus tomorrow by Mr. Powell & sister.  I have been very busy in preparing for planting.  I am putting both corn and cotton land in excellent order.  I am going to use Peruvian(?) guano and cheap Chesapeke(?) planter(?).  I have not made much money since the war but I am going to make a great effort this year to make some money.  It is getting time I was making something above a living. I am not satisfied at a mere living and I want to make something before I marry for I think itis time I was married _____ ______.  I almost got my consent(?) to marry whenever I find a young lady I think will make a good wife and she will say "yes."  I have received in all several letters from Lizzie Murphey.  She writes a very good letter.  I received a letter not long since from her eight !
pages long.  Her father is merchandising in Barnesville.  Bess and myself expect to visit William Murpheys about the first of April.  Bess will remain up there for a while.  My visit will be short as I cannot remain long from home as my attention will be required at home.  There has been as much bad written that most of (the) farmers are back __ ____.  We have not commenced planting corn yet but will begin tomorrow.  There has been several deaths since Christmas amongst our acquaintances.  Mr. Carter died soon after Christmas and Mrs. Maj. Black about a month ago.  Good many negroes have left this county and it has made labor very scarce.  Some farmers have gotten hands who have large plantations and there will be a good deal of land idle this year.  Farmers are using a great deal of commercial manure(?) to make up the deficiency for labor.  Some are making as much as two bales of cotton per acre in Georgia.  What do you think of that?  The jury law of Georgia has been chang!
ed.  They now expect competent and intelligent jury men for the jury & good many are thrown out.  They draw the Ggand jury & Petit jury men from the name list.  There will be a factory at Americus.  The company speaks of buying land of Mr. Powell to build the factory on thirty acres at thirty dollars per acre.  Americus has become to be right smart of a little city and is still improving.  Maj. Black has traded the Joe (?) White place to one of the Crittendens.  He got two acres for one.  I was sorry to hear of Billie's misfortune, hope he has actively recovered before this.  Jimmie is doing very well.  Billie, Asa and Jimmie send their love to Billie ___ _____ ____ and all the children.  It seems that you and Lucinda retaliate by not writing when we delay.  All join in sending their love to all the family.  I expect this dull scrawl will try your patience.  Do not forget to write soon.  We are always gald to hear from any of you.

Truly your brother

Chas. Womack  

This letter is from Charles Womack to David M. Phillips in Louisiana.  Several interesting items are mentioned here.  The first one is Charles' desire to marry.  He mentions Lizzie Murphey in this respect.  I can find no evidence that Charles ever married Elizabeth Murphey as was once actually reported in the presentation of these letters.  

One of the prior letters of Wm. Murphey (5 April 1869)speaks of a visit from Charles and Elizabeth Womack.  I believe this to be Anne Elizabeth Womack, Charles' sister who is a couple times referred to as Bess.  I think that is the visit spoken of in this letter.

Elizabeth Murphey (b. 16 May 1846 d. 16 Dec. 1884) did marry James L. Hunt.  She is buried in the Murphey family cemetery and her stone is inscribed as the wife of James L. Hunt.  A Murphey family history indictes that she and James Hunt had three children:  Reid, Comye, and J. Lawrence.  Although not impossible I think it unlikely she married Chas. Womack.

  Equally frustrating is the fact that I cannot find who Chas. Womack married.   Schley census records indicate his wife was Lucy F.(age 33 in 1880).  The obit of their daughter Sallie refers to her as Mrs. Fannie Womack.  I have been able to find no marriage record in Schley county for these two.  Help appreciated.

Charles and Lucy F.'s children were:  Sallie C., James Luther, Rebecca, Charles Jr.

David Phillips and Lucinda Womack's children:  William, Charlie, James, Robert, Lucy Johnson, Frances Amanda, Martha C., and David Marion.

Does anyone know of a cheap crop called Chesapeke, or something similar?

Lest anyone think I have done all of this research myself, I would like to set the record straight.  I have not.  I've done a little and many of the conclusions are mine, but the bulk of the research has come from Ruth Grey and Freddy Crump who are descendants of the people represented in these letters and much, much new material was contributed by Shanna English, director of the OLD JAIL MUSEUM & ARCHIVES, in Barnesville, Ga.  I thank you all.


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