Aug 4, 1855 |Oct 22, 1857 |June 3, ?1858|Oct 1, 1859 |January 5, 1861 | March 23, 1861 | April 12, 1861 | June 21, 1861 |March 12, 1868 |March 21, 1869
We welcome information about the Womack family, individuals and place names mentioned in the letters as well as any insight on the historical and political content of the letters.
We have a total of 11 complete letters. One of those is included in the story on Co. G, 5th Ga. Inf.,http://www.rootsweb.com/~gaschley/g5th.htm. The letters span a period from 1855 to 1869, with the majority being written in 1861. They were written to various family members. Each letter will appear here as they are transcribed.
Please bear with us as this is slow tedious process. If you have additonal information, we welcome it. Please send to Harris or Virginia.
Dear Brother in law. I again avail myself with the
From last account from Ma she was some better or in
I am here in this place yet attending to the Post
Womack letter-page 2
Hawkins will get a majority of this county if things
Times are very dull here now but I think it will
Uniquely, this letter is written by David M. Phillips. Since all of these letters came from received letters to David M. Phillips, I'm going out on a limb and say that perhaps it's a letter he sent home while on the road. We believe that David Phillips and family were living in southern Marion county about this time. We know that there were Phillips kin in a place called Loachapoka, AL and there was a Phillips/Stroud marriage there 09 Dec 1858. This marriage was mentioned in a letter from William R. Murphey to David M. Phillips dated 8 Dec 1858. Perhaps David was visiting this Phillips kin in this letter. I leave this for others to decide. Loachapoka is about midway between Auburn and Montgomery, AL and near Tuskegee. He speaks of going on to Jackson, MS and implies further. The Phillips moved to LA about 1859-60. This could have been a scouting trip. If you have information that might help unravel this puzzle, or information about the individuals mentioned, I wel!
Alabama, Montgomery County
I promise(d) to write to you when we arrive(d) at this place. We are in three miles of the city of Montgomery tonight. I am well and we are getting along finely. The roads have been very dusty. It is now raining. It will be much more pleasant if it does not rain too much. The lands are very poor until we got to Tuskegee. From there to where we are now they have been good. They sell from twenty five to thirty dollars per acre. Fine houses every two or three hundred yards apart. We have average(d) twenty miles per day, now eighty two miles from Columbus. The roads have been good except dust aplenty of that. I saw cousin Julius Phillips in Tuskegee. I was with him about one hour. His family were well and the connections(?)......(Note: some small portion lost as the page was cut off inthe photocopying process).........he has married and have one child about eighteen months of age. Cousin Elizar Babel and her father have move back to Notasulga. He told me (he) had!
I forgot to tell you that we were in company with Robert Hubbert and wife & we will remain together until we get to Jackson, Mississippi. I wil (will) write to you at that point again.
The letter is written to David M. Phillips and the year is
June 3 Buenavista Marion Co
Mr. Phillips, according to promise I write you a few lines.
N. Powell to
Notes: It was suggested to me a while back that the connecting
We know that Charles Womack's sister Nancy married James (I.or
The Daniel, Catherine & Jeremiah Powells in this household are
CENSUS YR: 1860 TERRITORY: GA COUNTY: Marion DIVISION: Buenavista District REEL NO: M653-130 PAGE NO: 23
38 330 330 Wright John W 37 M Farmer 2,000 9,900 Georgia
Schley Cty., Ga. Oct. 1st 1859 (?1857)
In compliance with your request, I take opportunity of writing
I reckon you have heard from the election___. Three in this
Yours truly Chas Womack
NOTES: Schley didn't become a county officially until an act of the legislature in Dec. 1857. The act further specified that elections for county officials would take place on the first Monday in March, 1858. This would seem to indicate that the letter date is most probably 1859 rather than 1857. The Ingrams mentioned are the household right next door to the Womacks on the 1860 census. 42 WOMACK, Charles 72 Amanda P 32 Charles 24 Ann E 21 KELLEY, Wm C 7 Asa 5 James 3 43 INGRAM, Wm R.A. 57 Martha J 32 Polly M 11 image 8 43 INGRAM, Sarah J. 9 f Wm B. P. 7 m Forella S. 5 f STEELE, Joseph 30 m farm laborer S. Carolina
Schley Cty. Geo. Jan. 5th 1861
I expect before you receive this letter you will have
I shall have to conclude on account of my pen being so
Notes: The 1860 election is interesting. The
Republicans nominated Lincoln on the third ballot over
front runner William Seward. The Democrats were divided
over the slavery/states rights issues and nominated
Stephen A. Douglas. Southern Democrats who called
themselves Union Democrats nominated John C.
Breckenridge. And yet another group who called
themselves Constitutional Union Party nominated John
Bell. The Republicans united behind Lincolm and they
Democrats were splintered into three factions,
representing three geograpic regions.
This map will give you an idea of how the voting went
We know the outcome. Suffice it to say that had the
Democrats been united it would have been a very different
French - Hiram French, Pond Town from 1853 to 1858 when
he bcame the first clerk of Superior Court of Schley Co.
Brown - see previous letter
Schley Cty Geo March 23 1861
Yours and Lucinda's letter was received on last Saturday which I
You would like from some other topic I reckon but I am better
The war excitement was almost died out but soon after Lincoln's
I understood that the Buena Vista company was ordered to
Tell Lucinda that Amanda is having a carpet wove which I think
Schley Cty. Geo. Apr 12th 1861
The war excitement is still prevailing. We are
In your last letter you stated that you thought I
I have just began planting cotton. I was afraid to
Friendship at this time was in Schley Co. in the extreme SW portion of the county. Because of the constantly shifting lines due to county formatations, etc. it was back in Sumter Co. by 1883 and is yet today.
The Billie mentioned would be Wm. Kelley, age 7, shown in the census below and Mr. Kelley, the school teacher was his father. William F. Kelley married Charles' sister Caroline December 19, 1850 in Marion Co. Since Caroline is absent on the 1860 census, one might presume she has died. I have thus far been unable to find a cemetery record. I welcome information on this aspect.
The Amanda that is mentioned is Charles Jr.'s older sister.
That brings us to trying to identifying the addressee of this letter. Charles had other siblings that are not listed in these two censuses, but none of them are named David. So who's Brother David? I believe and will strive to prove that "Brother David" is actually Charles' brother-in-law David Marion Phillips who married Charles' sister Lucinda who married David Phillips August 18, 1840 in Monroe Co. Ga. They moved to Lousiana in about 1860 and are found on the 1870 Lousiana Census index in Claiborne Parish. The family who donated the letters to the Univesity is from Claiborne Parish, La. I welcome any information about this connection.
I would like to thank Roger Womack who provided additional information about the family of Charles Womack. Much of the information shown in the notes above was based on this data. Thank you Roger.
1850 Marion County Census shows the folowing Womack children at home. Nancy age 32 Amanda age 24 Caroline age 19 Martha age 16 Charles Jr. age 14 Elizabeth(Ann E on 1860) age 11 also in the HH is William F. Kelly age 22(school teacher) William Bailey age 19 student Henry Bailey age 24 student1860 Schley Co., Ga, page 7, taken June 1860.
Ruth Gray Grayruth@aol.com
I shall try to give you some of the info we have
which may in part answer some of the questions
arising in your scrutiny of those letters.
My late husband was a descendant of Charles Womack,
b. 1787-8, and Casandry Benton. Their daughter,
Lucinda Womack (b. 1821, d. 1896) married David
Marion Phillips (b.1821 in Wilkes Co. GA, married
1840 in Monroe Co, d. 1901 in Claiborne Parish, La).
Both Charles and his son, Charles, wrote letters to
While trying to research the family of my husband, I
contacted Ruben C. Phillips, then in Haughton, LA.
He sent me copies of some letters received by David
Phillips from Georgia in the 1855 to 1891 period.
He said he had 37 letters which he donated to LA
Tech where his wife (deceased) had taught. The
letters were written in ink, pencil or dye if ink
was not available, and the copies were made rather
carelessly. I hope I have matched the pages
After Civil War service, Charles returned home and
married Elizabeth Murphy in1869.
I tried to learn about the family of William
Phillips and Lucy Johnson who married in 1819 in
Wilkes County, but had little success. They were
the parents of the David Phillips who married
Lucinda Womack and lived in Claiborne Parish.
William's parents were David Marion Phillips and
Mary Davis who married in Virginia and migrated to
Georgia. Mary's parents were Jonathan Davis and
To help identify names in the letters, daughters of
David and Mary married Thomas Baber, Jesse Wooten,
Edmond Shackleford and Elisha Henderson and
produced cousins for Charles. William and
Lucy Phillips are said to have had 6 boys and 5
girls and moved to Monroe Co., then Indian Territory
with little record-keeping, after the death of his
father in 1820.
Their children of whom I am reasonably certain were:
David M. m. Lucinda Womack
Martha Ann m. Joseph Mallory White
Mary Frances m. James M. White, who worked for Wm. Murphy
Lucinda m. Wm. R. Murphy, a wealthy planter
Frankie m. John A. Morris
Children of Charles Womack,( b.1787-8, d. before
1880, he was 83 in 1870) and Casandry Benton as
given to me:
Nancy b. c1818, m. a Powell
Lucinda b. 13 May 1821, m. in 1840 to David M. Phillips
Amanda b. c1826, m. in 1876 to a Little ?
Caroline b. c1831, m. 1850 to William F. Kelly, a teacher, and died by 1860.Her children, Jimmy, Asa and William, were raised by Charles, Sr.
Martha b. c1834, m. William Parker
Charles b. c1836, m. Elizabeth Murphy in 1869. He
died in 1900 at home near William's Mill and was
buried at the Hopewell Church cemetery. Seven
Confederate Company comrades bore the remains to the
cemetery. (Source: Marion County Patriot dated Feb.
Elizabeth (Ann) b. c1839. The 1900 census shows her living with her
nephew, Wm. Kelly.
We have been trying to ascertain the parents of
Charles Womack, b. 1787-8, and believe he is the son
of Abraham Womack ( who died in Monroe Co at 91 yrs
in 1834) and Judith Minter. Abraham married a
second time in 1825 to Lucy Moody.
From p.212 of 1805 INFORMATION ON SOME GEORGIA
PIONEERS by Joseph Maddox, 1982: Abraham Womack,
Franklin Cty, RS, moved to Jones Cty. s/o Dherwood.
Is this the same Abraham?
Any help with the Womacks would be appreciated! We
have info on Mordecai Benton and Priscilla Pratt,
the parents of Casandry. If I can contribute in any
way, please tell me.
Ruth Gray Grayruth@aol.com
Friendship Cemetery, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana
Submitted by Bobby Ware , firstname.lastname@example.org
Survey made 27 September, 2000
Phillips, Charles 4/6/1851 12/13/1934
Phillips, David 1864 1949
Phillips, David M. 9/23/1821 11/25/1901
Phillips, Evie 1872 1966
Phillips, Hattie Inez 6/28/1898 1/28/1903
Phillips, Joseph Coy 4/17/1903 9/17/1905
Phillips, Lucinda Womack 5/13/1821 11/17/1896 w/o D.M. Phillips
Phillips, Mattie 7/6/1854 1/6/1921 w/o Charles Phillips
Phillips, Nettie 9/17/1872 2/13/1972
Phillips, Ola Webb 1898 1978
Phillips, Robert "Bob" 4/30/1855 11/11/1919
Phillips, Ruben Carlos 1892
Phillips, William "Billy" 11/11/1848 9/5/1908
Phillips, Charles M. 3/14/1892 2/5/1893 s/o Chas.& Mattie Phillips
The deceased was born in Hampton, N. Y. December 2d, 1818. and was in the
57th year of his age at the time of his death. We never thought for a
moment that he would have ever taken his own life, as he was a man uniformly
cheerful in disposition and not given to melancholy moods. He was a man of
fine address, universally popular and highly esteemed. He had been a
citizen of Americus since the war, and on two occasions was elected Mayor of
the city. He left Americus two or three weeks ago, to accept a position
under Col. Jack Brown, in the Revenue office, which position he held at the
time of this death. Before his removal to Americus, he served as Clerk of
the Superior Court of Schley county until the breaking out of the war, when
he resigned and entered the Confederate army as Captain of the "Schley
Guards." He also represented Schley county in the Legislature, and was a
member of the secession convention.
His remains reached this place on the Sunday noon train from Macon, and conveyed to Ellaville, where they were interred with Masonic honors, a large concourse of friends following the remains to the tomb.
Of his many virtues we have not room to speak. Let his faults rest in his grave.
From an article on the suicide Captain French was a man of rather fine personal appearance. He was at the time of his death about fifty-two years of age, weighed perhaps one hundred and forty-five pounds, had rather a light grayish beard, and light grayish hair. His complexion is fair.
Ida married Jack Eason and she died in Worth county aft 1907. Jack died March 29, 1882. They had no children. Jack and Ida married 8/14/1862, I don't know if it was in Schley county as that is the date on her pension papers I received recently.
"William Murphy husband of Lucinda Phillips was a wealthy planter and businessman. They had 10 children. Before the war he had 30 slaves. He supported the War effort with supplies and money. His house was used as a hospital and a way station for people visiting wounded soldiers. His sons were all involved in the battles in Tennessee. Three of his sons were wounded, some severely. His house was ransacked by the Union soldiers and everything of value was taken. He had 175 bales of cotton burned by the soldiers. He loaned the confederate government 80,000 dollars. He was injured very badly when he was speeding in his buggy and it upset. He spent several hours alone before someone came and helped him. From than on he was crippled and had to use crutches which he called his sticks. He was heavily in debt at the end of the war, but was working to pay off the debt. He sold most of his land, except for 350 acres. He was doing around $100,000 a year selling produce, fertilizer, buying and selling cotton."
Georgia Schley County 12th March 1868
As I cannot write with pen and ink, I have concluded I would
Mr. Powell and
We made a very poor crop last year
Amanda and Bess are still single and living with me and
Write upon the
I remain your affectionate father.
D.M. & L Phillips
Here is another Womack family letter. This one is quite
We received Lucinda's letter several days ago and I would have answered it earlier but ____ circumstances were of such nature that I have neglected it until tonight and have a good chance to send it to Americus tomorrow by Mr. Powell & sister. I have been very busy in preparing for planting. I am putting both corn and cotton land in excellent order. I am going to use Peruvian(?) guano and cheap Chesapeke(?) planter(?). I have not made much money since the war but I am going to make a great effort this year to make some money. It is getting time I was making something above a living. I am not satisfied at a mere living and I want to make something before I marry for I think itis time I was married _____ ______. I almost got my consent(?) to marry whenever I find a young lady I think will make a good wife and she will say "yes." I have received in all several letters from Lizzie Murphey. She writes a very good letter. I received a letter not long since from her eight !
Truly your brother
This letter is from Charles Womack to David M. Phillips in Louisiana. Several interesting items are mentioned here. The first one is Charles' desire to marry. He mentions Lizzie Murphey in this respect. I can find no evidence that Charles ever married Elizabeth Murphey as was once actually reported in the presentation of these letters.
One of the prior letters of Wm. Murphey (5 April 1869)speaks of a visit from Charles and Elizabeth Womack. I believe this to be Anne Elizabeth Womack, Charles' sister who is a couple times referred to as Bess. I think that is the visit spoken of in this letter.
Elizabeth Murphey (b. 16 May 1846 d. 16 Dec. 1884) did marry James L. Hunt. She is buried in the Murphey family cemetery and her stone is inscribed as the wife of James L. Hunt. A Murphey family history indictes that she and James Hunt had three children: Reid, Comye, and J. Lawrence. Although not impossible I think it unlikely she married Chas. Womack.
Equally frustrating is the fact that I cannot find who Chas. Womack married. Schley census records indicate his wife was Lucy F.(age 33 in 1880). The obit of their daughter Sallie refers to her as Mrs. Fannie Womack. I have been able to find no marriage record in Schley county for these two. Help appreciated.
Charles and Lucy F.'s children were: Sallie C., James Luther, Rebecca, Charles Jr.
David Phillips and Lucinda Womack's children: William, Charlie, James, Robert, Lucy Johnson, Frances Amanda, Martha C., and David Marion.
Does anyone know of a cheap crop called Chesapeke, or something similar?
Lest anyone think I have done all of this research myself, I would like to set the record straight. I have not. I've done a little and many of the conclusions are mine, but the bulk of the research has come from Ruth Grey and Freddy Crump who are descendants of the people represented in these letters and much, much new material was contributed by Shanna English, director of the OLD JAIL MUSEUM & ARCHIVES, in Barnesville, Ga. I thank you all.