Guide to getting started
Genealogical Dictionary On-Line help:Deciphering Old Handwriting http://amberskyline.com/treasuremaps/oldhand.html
Type in the year that you need, and you'll see monthly calendars for the year
Helpful Chart handy for calculating birth dates from ages listed on Census
HOW TO FIGURE A BIRTHDATE
REMEMBER THIS NUMBER
This is not an error: It is the number to remember when you want to find
the birthdate of someone when you only have the date of death and age.
How do you figure the birthdate?
Suppose the person died May 6, 1889, at the age of 71 years, 7 months, 9
1. Write the year, month, day as:->18890506
2. Subtract the age at death:------->710709
3. This gives the figure:--------->18179797
4. Now subtract 8870:----------------->8870
5. The result is:----------------->18170927
Year 1817, 9th month (Sept), 27th day or 27 Sept, 1817
(contributed by Brenda Sessoms)
Calculate age from Tombstone data i.e. 46 years 4 months 16 days
Lots of helpful definitions!
Inflation Calculator 1800-1998 . See the value of land etc.
Dating Old Photographs
Family Chronicle -
Dating Old Photographs
If you go to the following URL, you will find conversion factors for almost
any unit of measurement that you can think of.
Chains(Gunter) = Feet 66
Links (Gunters) = Feet 0.66
Links (Gunters) = Feet (US Survey) 0.659998
Links (Gunters) = Inches 7.92
Links (Gunters) = Meters 0.2012
Links (Gunters) = Miles (statute) 0.000125
Links (Gunters) = Rods 0.04
Links (Ramdens) = Centimeters 30.48
Links (Ramdens) = Chains (Ramdens) 0.01
In regard to reading old deeds, it applies to reading any of the old literature. You need to know how people wrote in those days. There were a number of things written differently and there were writing rules for such things. Jesse is a good example. I ran into the same problem with a Jesse that I was tracking. It was written Jefse. The first "s" of a double "s" was written like an "f." It was called a tailed "s." In handwritten documents, the "f" and "s" together often resembled a fancy "p" or Jepe, for example, instead of Jesse. Another one that can throw you is the capital "F." It was written "ff."
There is an excellent book that covers a number of these oddities. It is NORTH CAROLINA RESEARCH Genealogy and Local History by Helen F.M. Leary. It is put out by the North Carolina Genealogical Society.
Researching in Schley County - Check these
1. Birth Certificate
2. Marriage Bonds
6. Divorce Petition
7. Divorce Decree
9. Death Certificate
12. Estate Appraisal(s)
13. Real Estate
14. Personal Property
18. Notice to Heirs (newspaper)
19. Notice of Sales ""
20. Notice to Creditors ""
21. Advertisements ""
26. Estate Taxes
27. Dower Rights
36. Tax Lists (by year)
37. Naturalizations Petition
38. Oaths of Allegiance
39. Naturalization Decree
40. Name Changes
42. Petition for Freedon
43. Certificate of Freedon
44. Inquistions of Lunacy
46. Orphans Records
49. Legislative papers
55. Jury Duty
56. Final Sentencing
58. Civil Suits
59. Veteran Discharges
62. Voter Registration
Researching 1900's in Schley County
Social Security Index - on-line sites
Military Service Records - WWI, WWII, recent service records
Census 1900, 1910, 1920 (major libraries)
Deeds - Courthouse
Wills - Courthouse
Delayed Birth Certificates - Courthouse
Marriage Records - Courthouse
Death Records- Courthouse
Naturalization papers - Courthouse
City directories/telephone books
Business directories (on-line Branson Directories)
Funeral home info
Bertie-Ledger files - Newspaper office
Rotary, American Legion, VFW, Masons
Old School Annuals
Simply put, VA (Virginia) Money was paper money issued by the Colony of Virginia. England couldn't/wouldn't provide much in the way of money to the Colonies for commerce so the Colonies resorted to printing their own. It was common that money issued by one Colony be accepted in a neighboring Colony, especially in the case with Virginia - North Carolina. Virginia had nearly a hundred year head start over North Carolina and many early settlers of North Carolina came via Virginia, so their were a lot of close ties between people of Virginia and North Carolina in North Carolina's early Colinial history. Contributed by Jeff Seawall to the Bertie Mailing List.
On-Line help:Deciphering Old Handwriting http://amberskyline.com/treasuremaps/oldhand.html
a.a.s.=died in the year of his/her age (anno aetitis suae) ( 86 y/o died in year 86) d.s.p.=died without issue (Child)(decessit sine prole legitima) d.s.p.l.=died without legitimate issue (decessit sine prole mascula supesita) d.s.p.m.s.= died without surviving male issue (decessit sine prolem asculasupersita) d.s.p.s =died without surviving issue (decessit sine prole supersita) d.unm=died unmarriedd.v.p. died in the lifetime of his father (decessit vita patris) d.v.m.=died in the lifetime of his mother (decessit vita matris) Et al=and others (et alia) Inst= present month (instans) Liber=book or volume Nepos= grandson Nunc=Nuncapative will, an oral will, written by a witness Ob=he/she died (obit) Relict=widow or widower (relicta/relictus) Sic=so, or thus, exact copy as written Testes=witnesses Utl =late (ultimo) Ux or vs=wife (uxor) Viz= namely (videlicet) In reading newspapers, books and magazines from the 18th Century you will invarably notice that an "f" is apparently used where there should be an "s." For instance, the word "vessel" is printed as "veffel," the word "same" appears as "fame" and "castle" becomes "caftle." Because of the confusion encountered by readers new to 18th Century documents, we have asked three individuals knowledgeable in the history of typography to render their views on the subject. Their explanations follow: "The Long S is a legitimate form of "S." See the American Heritage Dictionary "S" entries. The Long S is similar to a lowercase f but the horizontal stroke does not go through the top of the letter. The long s still survives in German (or at least it was available when I studied German). German has an uppercase S, a lowercase long f and a lowercase s. "The Rules Are: "Regular uppercase S; "Terminal lowercase s and medial s under certain conditions; initial long f and medial long f." "Examples: "In the 1791 Bradford edition of Thomas Paine's Common Sense, the Introduction reads: "Perhaps the fentiments contained in the following pages are not yet fufficiently fathionable to procure them general favor...." "You will note that both fentiments and pages end with a normal lowercase "s" and both fentiments & fufficiently have an initial lowercase long f." - Richard Irby The typographic script "s" is an analogue of the handwritten letter, a sort of double loop, and used in the middle of the word. PrintersSsetSthe graphic version of the handwritten letter, which differs from the "f" in having a very minimal cross-stroke. They (the "s" and the "f") are not the same. To be precise, the script "s" was used in all positions except the last. Thus the word "success" would have begun with a script s, the penultimate letter would have been a script s, but the final letter would have been what we consider a normal "s". - Philip A. Metzger Special Collections Librarian The symbol ("s") was not an "f" although it looked like one. The long s letter can better be described as an "f" without the crossline traveling through the vertical line. The crossline only extends to the right of the vertical line. Also, the long s was never used at the end of a word or to denote the possessive or to pluralize. Since handwriting was considered an art form, the placement of the long s depended on what the "clark" felt would be visually pleasing to his audience. In a hand-written document, the top of the long s looked like the lower case fS." - Lawrence Davis
Please send comments and suggestions to
Virginia Crilley firstname.lastname@example.org