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Spalding County, Georgia Masonic Lodges

Meridian Sun Lodge, No. 26, 1854

Ringold Lodge, No. 90, 1854

Masonic Biography and Dictionary comprising The History of Ancient Masonry, Antiquity of Masonry,
Written and Unwritten Law, Derivation and Definition of Masonic Terms, Biographies of Eminent Masons,
Statistics, List of All Lodges in the United States, Etc.
Compiled by Augustus Row, K. T.

Philadelphia:  J. B. Lippincott & Co.    1868

(Transcribed by Linda Blum-Barton from the original book in my possession.)

Anti-Masonry - In 1826 a great cry was raised by the political tricksters of the country against Freemasonry.  To insure success, the party had recourse to every stratagem, and amongst the most popular was the story hatched out of the so-called and supposed abduction of an individual named Morgan, at Batavia, New York, in 1826, for exposing the secrets of the order.  This fellow, finding no doubt his enterprise a failure, secreted himself, and circulated the story in order to meet a ready sale of his work, which was but a republication of "Jachin and Boaz," published in Albany, in 1790, from an English work.  The frenzy with which politicians hashed and rehashed this story, obtained for them about 100,000 supporters in New York.  In Pennsylvania, where the Hon. Judge Giullis was arrested for complicity in the affair, the party succeeded in dividing the vote.  In Vermont, the party, fired with unceasing efforts, succeeded for a time.  But this was not to last.  The party had grown so rapidly, swollen so hugely with broken-down politicians, and presented
such an empty hollowness of principle, that it exploded with the contempt of all good citizens.  In
Pennsylvania, the Legislature inaugurated a series of persecutions, and the hero Thaddeus Stevens, Esq., of Lancaster, a rejected applicant of Good Samaritan Lodge, Gettysburg, Pa., was not able to force the secrets from the order.  The principles of the order having become known and found their way to the people, the sentiment was soon changed, and the ill-shaped Anti-Masonic party, having no other aim than power and corruption, came to an end.  But the power behind the throne has again  shown its huge-footed plans and the resurrection of its skeleton is now proposed.  Whether the new effort will succeed, remains for the future to disclose, but it matters little, as the truths of a genuine Christian system of charity and benevolence, as produced by Freemasonry, are engrafted in the minds of the people, not to be rooted out by persecution.  (See U.S. "Anti-Masonic Convention.")

Georgia – Freemasonry was introduced into this state about 1730-1734.  In 1735, the Grand Lodge of England granted a Charter for a Lodge at Savannah.  In December 16th, 1786, the Grand Lodge was organized.

Grand Lodge – The body that has exclusive jurisdiction in a State or kingdom over the Subordinate Lodges, and all Masons within its bounds. It empowers subordinate bodies to practice all the rights of Masonry.  Originally the order was not governed by Grand Lodges, but the right existed inherently to act as individuals.  However, the ancient brethren met annually, to consult upon Masonry and select a Grand Master.  But as the order increased in power and numbers, it became necessary to establish Grand Lodges, for the interest of the order.  The first charter granted was to St. Alban's, for a General Assembly, and subsequently Prince Edwin obtained a charter to assemble all Masons at York.  It was thus the order obtained and has ever since recognized the necessity of a Grand Lodge. 

Grand Lodges and their Jurisdiction – A Grand Lodge has jurisdiction over the territory of the State in which it is organized, and no other Grand Body can exercise any authority or charter Lodges therein.   It is governed by the ancient usages and landmarks of the order, and acknowledges no superior authority than these.

Jackson, James, Maj.-Gen. – Born in  Devonshire, England, 21st Sept. 1757, died at Washington, D. C., 15th March, 1806.  He came to America in 1772, and read law in Savannah, Ga.  In July, 1782, Gen. Wayne selected him to receive the keys of Savannah from the British upon their evacuation.  In 1778, he was appointed a brig.-general of Georgia militia, and was wounded in the engagement of Ogeechee.  He was at the siege of Savannah in Oct. 1779, and at the battle of Blackwater in 1780.  Gen. Andrew Pickens made him his brigade-major in 1781.  He participated in the siege of Augusta in June, 1781.  He filled an important post in the Southern revolutionary struggle.   In 1778, he was elected Governor of Georgia, but declined to serve.  He was one of the first representatives of Georgia in Congress after the organization of  the Federal Government, and from 1792 to 1795, a member of U.S. Senate.  About this time he was made a major-general.  He assisted in framing the Constitution of Georgia, and from 1798 to 1801, was their Governor, when he was again chosen U. S. Senator.  In 1785, in King Solomon's Lodge, at Savannah, which had commenced its work under an old oak-tree in 1733, and belonged to the Modern, we find his
first Masonic Records.  In July, 1785, he proposed that they form themselves into the Ancients, which was done.   In 1786, when the Independent Grand Lodge was formed, he was elected Dep. G. Master, and the following year elected Grand master, which he held until 1789.

Statistics –
Number of Lodges in the various States, from 1816.  In 1816, many of the Grand Lodges were not formed, and hence no returns.

Georgia – 1816, No. of Lodges – 14; 1822, No. of Lodges – 20;  1859, No. of Lodges – 320;  1866,
Members – 10,023 ( with returns from 162 out of 250 Lodges) and Initiated – 2,373.

United States Anti-Masonic Convention. –
This convention assembled at Philadelphia, 11th September, 1830.  It was the first formidable attempt of a national combination in opposition to Freemasonry.  There were 96 members, representing Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Rhode Island, Ohio, New jersey, Michigan, Maryland, and Delaware.  At that time but few persons of eminence were among the delegates, but several of them, attaching themselves to other "issues," and abandoning political anti-masonry, subsequently became known.  Among them were Francis Granger, Henry Dana Ward, Frederick Whittlesey, Wm. H. Seward, N. Y., and Pliny Merrick, Mass.  The cement that bound such minds to men like David Bernard, Moses Thatcher, Thaddeus Stevens, and Joseph Ritner, must have possessed powerful magnetism.  Francis Granger was made Prest., seconded by six Vice-Presidents.  A remarkable fact is, that no State west of  Ohio or south of Maryland had a delegate.  Maine and New Hampshire refused the part assigned them, and
sent no delegate.  Fourteen committees were appointed, and the questions relative to Masonic rituals, history, and jurisprudence were divided among them.  Mr. Seward was to report resolutions expressive of the sentiments of the Convention.  A proposition to inquire into the pecuniary circumstances of the widow and children of William Morgan was rejected, as "that was not the purpose for which they had assembled."  Three gentlemen of North Carolina took their seats as honorary members.  The committee "on the effects of Masonic ties and obligations on commerce and revenue of the U.S.," were discharged without a report.  In the report of the influence of Masonry upon the public press, it was reported that between 1826 and 1830 there had been 124 anti-masonic papers established, to wit:  Pennsylvania, 53; New York, 46; Connecticut, 2; Rhode Island, 1; Massachusetts, 5; Vermont, 4; New Jersey, 2; Ohio, 9; Indiana, 1; Michigan,1.  A number of these journals simply kept quiet to see what the mountain would bring forth, and when they found it to be a mouse, tacked about and retired from the sinking anti-masonic vessel.  The summing up of  these profound deliberations were:  1.  That the expositions of Masonic secrets are true. 2. That Freemasonry originated early in the 18th century.  3. That its oath are not obligatory.  4.  That adhering  Masons are disqualified for public officers.  5. Masonry and its principles are inconsistent with the genius of American Institutions.  6. That Masonry should be extinguished at the ballot –box.  7. That  the public Press are evil.  The Convention adjourned to meet at Baltimore, Sept. 26th, 1831, to nominate candidates for President and Vice-President.  The Convention nominated Wm. Wirt and Amos Ellmaker for their standard-bearers.  These renowned champions went forth to battle, and brought as trophies from the field the electoral vote of Vermont.  But the dog was now dead; and the leading fanatical spirits discarded it, as it ever was a worthless hotchpotch of the villainies of broken-down political tricksters.

American Military Lodges. -  The following are the military lodges that were instituted in the American army during the revolutionary war.
1. St. John's Regimental Lodge, in the U. S. Battalion, warranted by the G. L. of New York, Feb.
24th, 1775.
2. American Union Lodge, in the Connecticut Line, warranted by the G. L. of Massachusetts, Feb.
15th, 1776.
3. No. 19, in the 1st Regiment, Pennsylvania Artillery, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, May 18th,
4. Washington Lodge, in the Massachusetts Line, warranted by the Massachusetts G. L., Oct. 6th,
5. No. 20, in North Carolina Regiment, warranted by the G. L. of Pennsylvania, _____1779.
6. No. 27, in Maryland Line, warranted by G.,L. of Pennsylvania, April 4th, 1780.
7. No. 28, in Pennsylvania Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, _______1780.
8. No. 29, in Pennsylvania Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, July 27th, 1780.
9. No. 31, in New Jersey Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, March 26th, 1781.
10. No. 36, in New Jersey Line, warranted by G. L. of Pennsylvania, Sept. 2d, 1782.

(The numbers below that are blank did not have a lodge assigned to them, it was just easier to let it
auto number itself instead of leaving these numbers out as they are in the book.  This is a list of Lodges
as of 1859, not 1868 the date of publication of the book)

Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Georgia
0. Solomon's, Savannah
1. Social, Augusta
2. Stith, Sparta
4. Rising Sun
5. Macon, Macon
6. Golden Fleece, Covington
7. Columbia, Columbia
8. Orion, Bainbridge
9. Mt. Hope, Hawkinsville
10. Olive, Talbolton
11. Franklin, Warrenton
12. Cross, Lumpkin
13. Americus, Americus
14. Marion, Tazewell
15. Zerubbabel, Savannah
16. Hamilton, Hamilton
17. Darley, Ft. Gaines
18. Monroe, Forsythe
19. Washington, Cuthbert
20. Rising Sun, Reidsville
21. Hiram, Florence
22. Mt. Vernon, Athens
23. Lafayette, Washington
24. General Warren, Monroe.
                 Albany, Albany
25. Philomathean, Elberton
26. Meridian Sun, Griffin
27. Morning Star, Thomaston
28. Union, La Grange
29. Madison, Madison
30. Amity, Walkinsville
31. Montgomery, Zebulon
32. St. Patrick, Danville
33. Keneson, Marietta
34. San Marino, Greensboro'
35. Houston, Perry
36. Unity, Jefferson
37. Fraternal, McDonough
38. Blue Mountain, Dahlonega
39. Newborn, Newborn
40. Ebenezer, Ebenezer
41. Pythagoras, Decolin
42. Concord, Concord
43. West Point, West Point
44. Lafayette, Cumming
45. St. John's, Jackson
46. Washington, Pondtown
47. Oglethorpe, Columbus
48. Jackson, Hickory Grove
49. St. Thomas, Thomsonville
50. Jasper, Monticello
51. Hiram, Danbury
52. St. Patrick, Louisville
53. Mt. Moriah, Fayetteville
54. Clinton, Savannah
55. Knoxville, Knoxville
56. Burns, Lamir
57. Greeneville, Greeneville
58. Hamilton, Soudersville
59. Atlanta, Atlanta
60. Coweta, Newnan
61. Chatahootche, Franklin
62. Randolph, Pumpkintown
63. Georgetown, Georgetown
64. Mt. Moriah, Woodstock
65. Traveler's Rest, Traveler's Rest
66. Coosa, Rome
67. Dawson, Crawfordville
68. Dawson, Social Circle
69. Carroll, Carrollton
70. Erin, Erin
71. Oxford, Oxford
72. Villa Rica, Villa Rica
73. Aleova, Newton Factory
74. Unity, Palmetto
75. Laurens, Dublin
76. Campbellton, Campbellton
77. Canton, Canton
78. Lincoln, Lincolnton
79. Tien, Buena Vista
80. Weston, Weston x Roads
81. Oak Brewery, Elizor (as listed in the book, but should be Oak Bowery, Ellijay)
82. W. P. Arnold, Wrightsboro'
83. Zaradotha, Lexington
84. Lithoma, Lithoma
85. Daniel, Island Creek
86. Magnolia, Blakely
87. Jonesboro', Jonesboro'
88. Pinta, Barnesville
89. Eldorado, Plattsburg
90. Ringold, Colbert's Mills
91. Western, La Fayette
92. Carten, Pleasant Hill
93. St. Mark's, Gold Hill
94. New River, Corinth
95. Eureka, Starkville
96. Liberty Union, Taylor's Creek
97. Euharlee, Van Wert
98. Houston, Houston
99. Siloam, Snapping Shoals
100. St. John, Raysville
101. Cartersville, Cartersville
102. Rose, Whitesville
103. Pleasant Ridge, Pleasant Ridge
104. Montpelier, Montpelier
105. Dalton, Dalton
106. Quitman, Ringgold
107. Thurmond, Hillsboro'
108. Chapel, Lumpkin
109. Summerville, Summerville
110. Ft. Valley, Ft. Valley
111. Stone Mountain, Stone Mountain
112. Walton, Shady Dale
113. Tallapoosa, Buchanan
114. Allegheny, Blairsville
115. Troup Factory, Troup Factory
116. Wornam, Clinton
117. Farmer's, Vienna
118. Kinbrough, Columbus
119. McIntosh, Indian Springs
120. Mackey, Cove Spring
121. Caedonia, Cedartown
122. Williamsville, Williamsville
123. Baker, White Plains
124. Furlon, Bobtsville
125. Jabon Burr, Mountville
126. St. Mary's, St. Mary's
127. Ancient York, Sandy Ridge
128. Union, Quito
129. Fickling, Butler
130. Salem, Cudoden
131. Lawrenceville, Lawrenceville
132. Long Cone, Long Cone
133. Mt. Hickory, Easterling
135. Fergus, Buncombe
136. Cassville, Cassville
137. Malloryville, Malloryville
138. Howard, Maxey's Depot
139. King David, King's Chapel
140. Claremont, Liberty Hill
141. Charity, Petersburgh
142. Haralson, Haralson
143. South Western, Oglethorpe
144. Ellerslie, Ellerslie
145. Cohultah, Spring Place
146. Kirlin, Mulberry Grove
147. Sulphur Springs, White Sulphur Springs
148. Phi Delta, Phi Delta
149. Woodbury, Woodbury
150. Carmel, Irwington
151. Wellington, Wellington
152. Sharon Grove, White Water
153. Springville, Powder Springs
154. Otheologa, Calhoun
155. Chandler, Jamestown
156. Harmony, McLendon's Store
157. Oakland, Ferris Bridge
158. Irving, Chickasawahatchee
159. Bowenville, Bowenville
160. Harmony, Appling
161. Tallulah, Clarksville
162. Joppa, Pt. Peter
163. Star in the East, Millhaven
164. Triggs, Marion
165. Rosswell, Rosswell
166. Webbs', Augusta
167. Floyd Springs
168. Adairsville, Adairsville
169. Mt. Ebal, Fayettsville
170. Emory, St. Cloud
171. Philadelphus, Penfield
172. Ocopilco, Ocopilco
173. Patrick Henry, Drayton
174. Holt, Quebec
175. Zabud, New-market
176. Acworth, Acworth
177. Pine Grove, Pine Grove
179. Trenton, Trenton
180. Fairburn, Fairburn
181. Milford, Milford
182. Dallas, Dallas
183. High Falls, Cross Ridge
184. St. John Baptist, Troupville
185. Cool Spring, Cool Springs
186. Carnersville, Carnersville
187. Centre, Union
188. Marshal, Preston
189. Herman, Hartwell
190. Baker, Newton
191. Rockwell, Mulberry
192. Rehoboth, Nockway
193. Coffee, Jacksonville
194. Worth, Isabella
195. Holmesville, Holmesville
196. Trader's Hill, Trader's Hill
197. Wells, Calaparchee
198. Milwood, Milwood
199. Lumber City, Lumber City
200. Eastern Light, Copeland
201. Ococee, Morganton
202. Tunnel Hill, Tunnel Hill
203. Ashler, Concord
204. Miller, Thomson
205. Hickory Flat, Hickory Flat
206. Bowden, Bowden
207. Armonia, Duncansville
208. Hudson, Glades x Road
209. Alopaha, Troublesome
210. Brookline, Brookline
211. Butler, Alopaha
212. Irwin, Irwinville
213. Ogechee, Ogechee
214. Ocean, Brunswick
215. Goulding, Dublin
216. Fulton, Atlanta
217. Waresborough, Waresborough
218. Halt, Colginth
219. Gainesville, Gainesville
220. Picken's Star, Jasper
221. Sonora, Sonora
222. Etowah, Dawsonville
223. Smith, Red Hill
224. Magnolia, Magnolia
225. Attapulgus, Attapulgus
226. Ft. Early, Warwick
227. Altamaha, Johnson
228. Yellow River, Gwinnett
229. Schley, Dawson
230. Mineral Spring, Plains of Dura


Organized Feb 23d. 1821, Louisville and Augusta represented;
Subsequently approval and vote of officers forwarded by Chapters at Lexington, Eastonton and
Milledgeville – files in my possession imperfect.
Grand High Priests –
1822, Gov. William Schley, Louisville (died Nov. 20th, 1858)
1848, Wm. T. Gould, Augusta
1854-9, Philip T. Schley, Savannah
Grand Secretaries –
1823, Daniel Hook, Louisville
1848, W. H. Kitchen, Augusta
1854 to 1860, Benjamin B. Russell, Augusta
Subordinates –
No. 1 – Athens
       2 - Augusta
       3 - Savannah
       4 – Macon
       5 – Forsyth
       6 – Milledgeville
       7 -  Columbus
       8 -  Talbolton
       9 – Washington
   10 – Griffin
     11 – LaGrange
     12 – Ft. Gaines
     13 – Marietta
    14 – Newbern
    15 – Albany
    16 – Atlanta
    17 – Lumpkin
    18 – Fort Valley
    20 – Eatonton
    21 – Warrenton
    22 – Carrollton
    23 -  Ellaville
    24 – Dalton
    25 – Elberton
    26 – Rome
    27 – Greensboro
    28 – McDonough
    30 – Hamilton
    31 – Cuthbert
    32 – Lithonia
    33 – Sandersville
    34 – Newnan
    35 – Zebulon; Cartersville
    37 – Fayetteville
    38 – Franklin
    39 – Lawrenceville
    40 – Monroe
    41 – Cedar Town
    42 – Americus
    43 – Covington
    44 – Thomasville
    45 – Blakely

Organized under Authority of the Grand Encampment of the U.S., or recognized by it, since its
formation, on first day of June 1816.

Georgia, at Augusta, May 5th, 1823
St. Omer at Macon, 26th July, and September, 1848.
St. Aldemar, at Columbus, December, 1857; Jan. 24th, 1860.
Comy. Coeur de Lion, at Atlanta, May 14th, 1859; September 17th, 1859.
Grand Encampment formed, April 25th, 1860.


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Compilation Copyright 2004-Present by Linda Blum-Barton