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War of 1812

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WAR OF 1812

Is there anything on-line about Georgia Regiments?

  • Battles
  • Officers
  • Rosters

    The War of 1812 in much of Georgia was also known as the Creek Indian Wars 1811-1814, since that is where most of the Militia action was.

    How do I obtain Records?

    NATIONAL ARCHIVES INFORMATION
    Obtain FORM 80 available via e-mail. inquire@arch2.nara.gov Be sure to state: 1) Quantity needed 2) Correct Form # 3) your postal mailing address
    Or if you prefer, postal inquiry: 
    National Archives Form NATF Form 80
    Military Services Branch
    National Archives and Records Administration
    8th & Pennsylvania Ave NW
    Washington DC 20408
    
    When you return the form, they will search certain records for that individual. If you use your credit card, they will proceed to copy and send to you the information they found. If they are unable to find any information you will be notified, and there is NO CHARGE. The cost for a successful search if $17 and depending on the amount of copying, some extra charges.

    How did the War of 1812 differ for Georgia men?
    Battles were mainly against the Indians who were fighting with the British. Especially the area between the Ocmulgee and Oconee Rivers was vulnerable if the British used Florida as their base of operations and attack throughout the frontier.

    How did the Draft work at that time?
    According to the Dec. 9, 1812 Georgia Journal, a new division of Georgia Militia was formed including Randolph (now Jasper), Jones, Twiggs, Pulaski, Wilkinson, Laurens and Telfair Counties. General David Adams was elected Major General and Dr. Lee, Brigadier General of the lower brigade. Every sixth man was drafted, and this included John Dominy.

    Could my ancestor have obtained Bounty Land for 1812 service?
    The War of 1812 brought the need for enticed enlistments. The Revolutionary War was still fresh in the memories of everyone, and the new war had resulted in a British embargo which created hardships for all. Congress responded by creating three new military districts for the exclusive use of new enlistees: one in the Michigan territory, one in Illinois, and one in Louisiana (later became Arkansas).

    Six million acres were allotted for this purpose, and claimants were required to pre-select the district they preferred. A lottery was then held to determine the precise parcel of land, which could not be assigned or mortgaged until the patent had been issued."

    One hundred sixty acres and $16 in cash were given to each man who would enlist for five years or the duration of the war.

    Bounty lands for 1812 veterans:
    1. All who enlisted were promised free land.
    
    2. After the war the officers were told there was not enough land 
    to go around so they did not receive land at the time.
    
    3. Much later (1830s or 40s) the govt. decided to grant land to officers.

    Is there an outline to help me with Research Steps?
    This LDS site Research Outline for US Military Records is very thorough.
    Be sure to look at the TABLE showing the various kinds of records and what you are apt to find in each one, i.e. Military Service, Pension, Bounty Land, Draft, Cemetery, Soldier Homes, Lineage Society, Biography.

    Is there a forum to ask questions?
    Gen Forum 1812 Board
    Great place to ask your questions! The Board manager tries to answer them all.

    Ancestry 1812 Board
    Post on this one as well...and read what's there already

    Is there anything specific on Georgia that is published?

    How can I find out if my ancestor drew a pension or received Bounty Land?

    Explanation of Pensions, Bounty Land available on microfilm

    LDS films also has a CD index of the War of 1812, by state, with participants names listed alphabetically.

    Index to Certified Copy of List of American Prisoners of War 1812-1815 as Recorded in General Entry Book Ottawa, Canada, Compiled by Mrs. Henry James Carr

    Is there an organization for descendants of this War?

    Society of the War of 1812

    Daughters of 1812

    War of 1812

    How can I get a marker for an 1812 Veteran? Gives specifics. Basically you need to contact the nearest VA Regional Office, national cemetery, local veterans' organization or library for forms. These forms are also available on-line.

    The New York Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War offers to sell Flag Grave markers for wars from American Revolution to Persian Gulf. Email to following to ask about type (Bronze or alumimum) and prices:
    e-mail
    Address: Department of New York, SUVCW
    P.O.Box 1824
    White Plains, NY 10605
    Info from Philip Fazzini

    What other tips are there about researching this War?

    Index to War of 1812 Service Records for Volunteer Soldiers from Georgia

    Author: Judy Swain Kratovil

    1)The 1st series ("Old Wars") consists of pensions to veterans of the army, navy, and Marine Corps based on service resulting in death or disability from the end of the Revolutionary War period up to the Civil War. Old War Index to Pension Files (T316, 7 rolls).

    2)The 2nd series Pension application files -- those based on the acts of 1871 and 1878.  These acts, based on length of service alone, relate mostly to militia veterans called to federal service.  The 1871 act provided pensions to veterans who had served at least sixty days or to their widows if they had married before 1815.  The 1878 act provided pensions to those veterans, or their widows, who only served fourteen days.  By the time these acts were passed, most applicants were widows or minors rather than veterans themselves.  While the pension files are not on microfilm, an informative index showing much data has been microfilmed as Index to War of 1812 Pension Application Files (M313, 102 rolls).

    Tips on Researching Specific for Georgia


    Todd Frary toddfrary@aol.com
    The best source on Georgia units in the War of 1812 is a recently published book "History of the Georgia Militia, 1783 - 186l," by Gordon Burns Smith of Savannah.
    The book consists of four volumes and at present the Georgia Archives does not have a copy. The book lists which units were drawn from which counties and the actions they were engaged in during the War of 1812.
    Individually indexed for all names appearing in the volume. Volume 1: Campaigns and Generals; Volume 2: Counties and Commanders, part I; Volume 3: Counties and Commanders, part II; Volume 4: The Counties.
    I am the current Vice-President of the Society of the War of 1812 in the State of Georgia. The General Society can be accessed at the following internet address:
    http://www.societyofthewarof1812.org/

    The web site contains contact information for the Georgia Society, links to War of 1812 related sites and membership information. Ancestry.com and other web sites do have searchable databases of soldiers and sailors who served in the War of 1812 but our own site does not.

    There are two other lineage societies related to the War of 1812: The United Society Daughters of the War of 1812 (USD 1812) and the Military Society of the War of 1812. The Daughters do not presently have a national web site although many state societies do (Georgia does not).

    The Military Society of the War of 1812 is affiliated with the Veteran Corps of Artillery and is accessed via their web site (http://www.vca1790.org).

    The best tip I can offer to locate an 1812 ancestor is to follow basic principals of research. The Georgia Archives has a number of titles related to the War of 1812 including records of the General Society of the War of 1812, USD of 1812, burial information, war dead, pension and indexes of service records.

    The USD 1812 has been actively engaged in marking graves of veterans of the War of 1812 for many years and their records would be the best obvious starting point. A check of the Registers for both societies would be recommended as well.

    The customs of the 19th Century customs were not to mark graves as to wartime service unless the individual was a well-known hero of the war. Obituaries, if they can be located, sometimes make mention as to wartime service.

    Pensions are generally rare for War of 1812 service but do contain a wealth of information. Compiled service records can be obtained from the Washington DC NARA location and can help identify some limited information on the soldier or sailor in question. Early county histories sometimes also include information on units that served during the War of 1812; often including names of individuals. There is a common misconception that few individuals served during the War of 1812, but this is inaccurate.

    The level of mobilization varied greatly from state to state depending on the threat from England or the Creek Indians. The threat from England was highest in the Mid-Atlantic and New England states; virtually non-existent from North Carolina south. In the south the primary threat was the Creek Indians who were being supplied arms by the Spanish and were allied with England. If your ancestors were in the Carolinas they likely didn't serve during the War of 1812. If they were from GA, AL, MS or TN then they would have fought in the Creek Campaign. Any further north would have fought against England.

    Generally speaking men who served during the War of 1812 were younger men, generally 18 to 30, single or married without children.

    War of 1812 veterans would be about seven generations back for most people, which would give you 64 g-g-g-g-grandparents of which 32 would be males. Your odds of finding a War of 1812 ancestor are pretty good and I myself have found three myself without even trying hard. Persistence is how you meet with success and good luck to all with their researching!


    WAR OF 1812 - Taylor County

    Taylor County Veterans

    Information contributed by descendants

    Taylor County 1812 Veterans

    Taylor County Veterans of the War of 1812 include: Henry Crowell

    Captain Henry Crowell was in the war of 1812, I have letters he wrote to his wife from Petter Point Encampment.

    Also, Daniel Whatley served as a spy in 1812, besides being a Revolutionary Soldier. He is buried in Newsome Cemetery south of Reynolds.

    Also Solomon Whatley was a spy.
    Submitted by: Millie Stewart (millie1@accucomm.net)


    Brief History

    Twiggs Co was on the western frontier, with the Ocmulgee River being the boundary when in 1812 the British tried to get the Indians on the war path.

    Resources: History of Twiggs County, page 32 and 33
    Georgia Military Record Book 1779-1839 pages 162 and 163 and was signed by Gen. Blackshear
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Frontier of Twiggs County

    Pay-roll of a detachment of militia ordered on the frontier of Twiggs County, for the protection of the inhabitants and for the erection of a fort called Telfair, by Brig. Blackshear, from the 9th of August to the 13th of September, 1813. [ Fort Telfair was near Tarversville, a small community in Twiggs Co today] Source: Gerogia Military Record Book 1779-1839 pg 162-163.

    Brig Lt: John Kener
    1st Sgt: Lewis Moore
    Corpl: Powel Smith
    Pvt: Quincy Powell
    John Jones
    Samuel Streeetman
    William Streetman
    
    
    

    I do certify upon my honor that the service for the above pay-roll was performed under my command.
    Ezekiel Wimberly
    Lieutenant-Colonel

    The Streetman's land was about 1 mile from the Ocmulgee river. Georgia Highway Bridge over the river is now named for Col Ezekiel Wimberly .

    Contributed by Carol Watson, a Streetman descendant


    Capt. Ezekiel F. Smith's Company- Jones County

    Benjamin Beeland was drafted on August 13, 1813, Jones Co., Ga., for the term of one year, as a private in Capt. Ezekiel F. Smith Company of the Georgia Militia commanded by Col. Jenkins. He was Honorably discharged, March 1, 1814. At the time of his enlistment he was age 21, 5 ft. 9 in. tall, black hair, blue eyes and fair complexion. His company was later commanded by Captain Weatherby.

    Battle With The Indians!

    (Official)
     -- Headquarters, Sixth and Seventh Districts, 
    Fort Hawkins, 30th January, 1814.
     Sir, I have the honor of enclosing for your information copies of dispatches 
    received this morning from General Floyd. This additional proof of the good conduct
    of the troops of the state in which you preside must be highly satisfying to 
    your Excellency.. 
    I have the honor to report the following list of killed and wounded in the action
    of the morning of the 27th January, 1814..
    
     Most obedient servant, Thomas Pinckney, Major General.
    His Excellency Governor Peter Early. 
    
    This report listed Benjamin Beeland as wounded slightly.

    If you have ancestors who fought here, we would like to add your name.
    Gordon Burns Smith - Author (published 2000)
    This book is published by Boyd Publishing Co., Milledgeville, Ga. http://www.boydpublishing.com/geomili.htm
    History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861 v1. Campaigns and Generals. Indexed. An introduction to the components of the General Militia and Volunteers, tracing the militia system from its organization by Oglethorpe in 1733, through the Revolutionary War, and then detailing each of the major conflicts in which the Georgia Militia served afterwords. Eye- witness reports punctuate these heavily documented accounts. Lists of units (identified by county of origin where possible) in active service during these campaigns are appended. For historians, the important Militia Acts of the Legislature are outlined, followed by a selection of General and Special Orders from the chain of command. For genealogists, a list of battalion and regimental designations by county is included, along with a table of organization for the 27 brigades and 13 divisions of the Georgia Militia. The volume closes with the biographies of the 205 Georgia Militia generals. 424 pg $45

    History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861 v2. Counties and Commanders, Part One. Indexed. The militia histories of fifteen counties, CHATHAM, BURKE, JEFFERSON, TATTNALL, BALDWIN, MORGAN, JASPER, MONROE, BIBB, WARE, PIERCE, CAMPBELL, SUMTER, COBB, and FLOYD, placing them in the pertinent political and economic contexts in which they existed. Each chapter is richly documented with biographical and genealogical information on men and women residing in the county. Company roster and payrolls are attached in numerous cases. These pages contain a veritable genealogical treasure trove, since some counties have lost most if not all of their early public records. 385 pg $45

    History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861 v3. Counties and Commanders, Part Two. Indexed. The militia histories of twelve counties: BLYNN, CAMDEN, EFFINGHAM, WASHINGTON, COLUMBIA, LINCOLN, CLARKE, HABERSHAM, MUSCOGEE, THOMAS, COLQUITT, and LOUNDES, placing them in the same contexts as those in Volume 2. Of these counties, several have lost most if not all of their early public records. Company rosters and payrolls are also attached in numerous cases. 400 pg $45.00

    History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861 v4. Companies. Indexed. The histories of twenty-five representative volunteer companies, with rosters where pertinent. Among them are the GEORGIA HUSSARS, REPUBLICAN BLUES, MCINTOSH LIGHT DRAGOONS, MACON VOLUNTEERS, CRAWFORD VOLUNTEERS, FORT GAINES GUARDS, ALBANY GUARDS, and GATE CITY GUARD, and for genealogists include units incounties that have lost their early records, such as Crawford, Dougherty, and McIntosh Counties. Military and political historians will appreciate the account of the filibusters in Georgia: Lopez, Gonzales, the Order of the Lone Star, "the Grey-Eyed Man of Destiny", Henningsen, and the Knights of the Golden Circle. In addition, there is included a chapter on the military history of the Beaufort District, South Carolina. 375 pg $45


    Links and history of period.includes "The Star Spangled Banner Story".
    It's worth the wait to load!



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