Saturday, 11-Sep-2010 17:52:09 MDT GAGenWeb Page by Virginia Crilley

Afro-American Genealogical Research

Essay on Georgia court records related to slavery by David E. Patterson
Read this excellent material which is written for Georgia researchers!


GA State Archives site

This site provides the special resources within their holdings, i.e. Reconstruction Registration Oath Books, 1867

Georgia African American Page

GA African American Griots

GA African-American Mailing Lists

1. Georgia People of Color Mailing List
Click here to join Georgia_POC
Click to join Georgia_POC

2. Join the GA African-American Mailing List!
Send e-mail to:
GA-AfricaAmer-L-request@rootsweb.com

In body:     subscribe

3.


Civil War

Black Navy - Union

Churches in Taylor County

Visit the Church Page. Several churches include information about the founding of early African American churches after the Civil War, i.e. Antioch and New Hope. New Hope mentions a licensing of two preachers.

African American Churches in Taylor County

Freerun Baptist Church. It is toward the Beechwood Community. Take 128 South out of Reynolds and turn left at old Perkins Store. Also has a cemetery

Macedonia Church is located on the old Butler road at Macedonia Baptist Church. Also has a Cemetery.

Providence Baptist Churchis located between Reynolds and Butler off of Hwy 96 at the Joiner Place. Also has a cemetery.

Reynolds
Bethesda Baptist Church (est.1888), Rev. Alvin Turner, Pastor

Spring Field Baptist Church (est. 1916), Rev. L.M. Mcrae, pastor

St. Phillip Community Church, Rev. Willie Lynn, Pastor

Antioch Primitive Baptist Church, rev. Kenneth Spearman, Pastor

Bethel Temple Holiness Church, Elder L. Hudson, Pastor


Marriages in Taylor County

In the Probate Office is a book called "Colored Marriages" for the years 1865 to 1885. Many of those marriages listed in 1865 no doubt occurred years before, but this was the first opportunity to make an official record.

On-line marriage lists that do contain "colored" visit this page


Tips on Research

From African American Roots by Barbara Thompson Howell. List Of Free Black Heads Of Family In The First Census Of The United States By Debra L Newman - To Get A Free Copy Write National Archive Record Services General Services Administration Washington DC. Ask For Special List 34

List Of Free Negro Heads Of Family In The United States In 1830 Compiled By Carter G. Woodson

Free Negro Owners Of Slaves In The United States In 1830 Together With Absentee Ownership Of Slaves In The United States In 1830 By Carter G. Woodson

The Free Negro In North Carolina 1790-1860 By John Hope Franklin

How To Read The Handwriting And Records Of Early America by Kate Kirkham

List Of Black Servicemen Compiled From The War Department Collection Of Revolutionary War Records, Special List 36 Compiled By Debra L. Newman

At Library Of Congress 2 Pamphlets: Afro-American Genealogical Research And How To Find Afro-American Sources In Genera Reading Room Division

Also At Library Of Congress Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery In United States From Interviews With Former Slaves.

Interviews Were Also Edited By George Rawick And Published In The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography

Slaves In The Family By Edward Ball


Slaves in Taylor County

Please share your information!
Court Records

pg 515 Deed Book B Green 7 Apr 1863
James C. King, Oglethorp to Virginia A. Rucker love and affection for daughter Negro girl, Martha of black complection about 17 which girl now lives with Virginia A. Rucker
Wit: M.W. Lewis, W.A. Coldough, JP

pg 494 Taylor Co Deed Book B
Bibb County 18 Sept 1862
Jonathan Millence, late Private in Co G (?C) 59th Reg volunteers do for and in consideration of the said William Anderson having taken my place as a substitue in Company C of said Reg during the war convey in trust for the sole and separate use of his wife, Lucinday Anderson, a certain Negro man 23 yr, Giles
Wit: G.R. Hunter
Recorded: Oct 1, 1852

Deed Book B pg 492
James Lockett,estate mentions "I give and bequeath until Ufrasia Darden and Elizabeth Darden, children of Abner Darden and to the survivor of the them: two Negroes Ben and his wife, Rhoda

Deed Book B pg 489 Jan 12, 1862 Gideon Yelverton love of daughter Eliza A. Jones, Covington Co, Alabama Negro woman, Gracy 20 years, yellow complection, 5 ft 6 in, also her youngest chld, John about 6 months old Wit: S.A. Royal, Nathaniel Respess JP Recorded: Mar 25, 1862

Deed Book B - Taylor County pg 488 10 June 1859
Benjamin F. Newsome, Macon, to Joshua Newsome, Macon, trustee for Elizabeth Newsome, the wife of said Joshua and the mother of said Benjamin F. and for the children of the said Elizabeth Love and affection for his mother, brothers, sisters children 1st Dis LL241 except the west half and 10 acres in southeast corner of the east half, and certain interest in the lot of mill situated thereon, profits of said saw and grist mill (on Beaver Creek) Also the following Negro: Simon, man about 60 years, Cynthia, a girl about 18, and her two children, Charles, 2 yrs old & Scifico, 6 months
Recorded: Mar 21, 1862

Deed Book B - Taylor County pg 489 30 Mar, 1860 Martha Newsome love of my sister-in-law, Elizabeth Newsome and her childrne, the wife and children of Joshua Newsome of Macon Co, Joshua as trustee, 3 Negros: Maria, woman and her two children, Judy 2 yrs, and Sarah Ann 6 months Wit: Thomas D. Humphries, Gideon Newsome, JIC Recorded: Mar 21, 1862

Deed Book B - Taylor County pg 472 Monroe Oct 5, 1861
Mead LeSeur, love for daughter, Henrietta, wife of James H. Edwards Negro Woman, Louisa about 17 yrs dark complection, infant 1 yr old, Clark boy, Abner about 14 years; girl, Mary age 11 - all dark complextion
James H. Edwards, trustee for Henrietta Edwards
Recorded: Dec 13, 1861

Deed Book B - Taylor County pg 459 July 8, 1861
Gideon Yelverton for love of daughter, Martha Watkins,
Two Negroes woman Louisa Elizar about 35 yrs and her child, Louisa about 18 months both dark complextion.
Wit: B.D. Hill, WAH Royal
Recorded: July 8, 1861

Deed Book B - Taylor County pg 453
May 23, 1861
Francis M. McKeney love for my children, Wm A. McKeney. Benjamin I and Mary J. McKeney (McKenney) a certain Negro girl Eda age 13 years
Recorded: May 23, 1861

Deed Book B - Taylor Co.pg 354-5
3 Nov 1859
Mary Willett to Rebecca Hobbs
Natural love for her
Negro girl named Harriet age 13
Wit: Darling Duke, JP,
Recorded: Jan 20, 1860

pg 253
4 Dec 1858 Deed Book B John McMichael to William Huff
Love and affection to his daughter, Mary Elizabeth Huff free from debts of her husband and in trust for Mary E. and her children Negro Girl Phyllis aged about 14 yrs and her future increase
Wit: H.H. Mangham, W.S. Wallace, NP
Recorded: Dec 10, 1858

pg 231 Deed Book B
27 Jul 1858 Promissory Note
Esais Saylor to Samuel P. Corbitt
$14,762.00
Jack Negro man 30 yr, Harriet woman 35yr, Elizabeth and child Martha, a girl; Henry a boy; Anna a woman; Minog a boy, Henry a boy; Charlotte & chiild James Juna Emma Rebecca Flora Rachel Sheren Moses Rhody & children Adam Silas Matilda William Nell, a woman, Simeon Ishmael Rachel Marion Rebecca Leah Eliza Reubin Frank Anderson Benn Susy Hesick Emanuel
Wit: Wm P. Corbin, C.B. Dickson, JP

pg 220 Deed Book B
Promissory Note
William H. Caldwell to Robert Scandrett
$947 Negro woman named Margaret of dark complection about 32 yrs old
Wit: Joseph J. Huff, James T. Harmon
Recorded: June 8, 1858


MONTFORT
1 April 1879 Butler Herald
Abram Montfort, an old servant of the Montfort family, says 75 years ago Theodoric Montfort, father 
of R. Montfort, purchased him and he was about 50 years old at the time.

MONTGOMERY
Slaves mentioned in the will of Samuel Montgomery, Taylor County, GA - 1861
... Jane a negro woman and her four children... Gus, a boy, Violet, a girl &
Mary Ann a girl & Silla a girl...
... Allen a boy, Amanda a girl and Charles a boy...
... Mourner a negro woman and her two children ...Amanda, a girl and Fanny a
girl...
... Tabitha a negro woman and her child Elizabeth...
... Harriet a negro woman and her child Ellen a girl...
=========
Names of slaves of Samuel Montgomery, Taylor County, Georgia
1. Peter
2. Cits
3. Rose
4. Aron
5. Louis
6. Joh
7. Mansfield
8. Abitha
9. Harriet
10. Louanar
11. Rachel
12. Ely
13. Levi
14. Elvina
15. Carline
16. Daniel
17. Elick
Note was made:  :Louana subtracted
On same sheet in different are found the names below with the number out
beside them  They are not noted as slaves but the heading is:  "Brought over
9600".
1. Jame     -  775.00
2. Redick  -  100.00
3. Ann       -  100.00
4. Banda    -  100.00
5. Green    -   100.00
=============
Office Agent & Bureau R F W A L (?)

Butler Ga  Dec 5th 1867
Sam'l Montgomery Esq.
      Taylor Co. Georgia
             Sir.
                  It is reported to the office that freed children Isaac &
Catherine were last July bound to you without the consent of their only
surviving parent - the mother.  Hence you will please bring to this office
without delay evidence that your petition to the Court of ordinary setting
forth that the mother's consent was obtained - is correct.
                                     Respectfully Yours

                                    J Davenport
                                      Agent &c


Samuel Montgomery      }    Habeas Corpus
           vs          }           in Taylor County (Geo) Court of Ordinary
Rose Montgomery        }     Special Term at Chambers
                                       February 20th 1869
     Habeas corpus issued as to the bodies of Isaac and Catherine colored
minor children of Rose Montgomery detained by said Rose returnable to our
Court of Ordinary this day.
      On the return of the above stated habeas corpus case, and on the
hearing thereof, it was made to appear to the Court that the said Isaac and
Catherine were unlawfully detained by the said Rose Montgomery, in this that
it appears from the evidence that the Agt of the Freedman's Bureau had
substantially met the provisions of said Freedman's Bureau in the binding
out said freed minors as mentioned or set forth in an Act of the Georgia
Legislature Approved Dec'r 8th 1865.
     It is therefore adjudged by this Court that the detention of the bodies
by Rose Montgomery of the said minors Isaac and Catherine, was and is
illegal, and it is therupon ordered and this Court doth order that the said
freed minors Isaac and Catherine be delivered to said Samuel Montgomery, and
the said Rose Montgomery is hereby directed to release and relinquish the
custody and control of the said Isaac and Catherine to said Samuel
Montgomery.
     This 20th day of February 1869                 James P. Russ
                                                        Ordinary

ESTATE & APPRAISEMENT OF THE ESTATE OF J.J. GRAY
Dec, 1862

Akaman		man	$700.00
Yori		"	$1,400
Boyd		man	$1,150
George		man	$1,150
Ezekiel		boy	$1,200
Lewis		boy	$1,200
Jack		man	$1,300
Lemuel		Man	$900
Warren		boy	$1,000
Green		boy	$1,000
Andrew		boy	$700
Betsey		girl	$1,700
Bills		boy	800
Philip		boy	800
Richard		boy	900
Judy		woman	800
Mady		infant	100
Nelly		woman	500
Alay		girl	800
Albert		boy	700
Henry		boy	600
Toney		boy	600
Josephine	girl	600
Mary Ann	girl	600
Charles		boy	250

COURT OF ORDINARY MINUTES - Taylor County

Beginning in 1866, many Freed Persons were bound to individuals for their support and education.  Females would serve until age 18; males until age 21.  In return the person promised to provide them with clothing, food, housing, and basic education.

Exerpts dealing with Freed Persons:
pg 178
ORDINARY COURT MARCH TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary

Petition of Jordan WILCHAR, sheweth that Henry, a Freed boy has been abandoned by his parents and is now on his premises that said Henry is without any means sufficient for his maintenance and education. Prays Court to grant an order to have said Henry bound to him until such time as he shall become Twenty One years of age.  J.L. Wilchar

It appearing to the Court that said Henry is about 15 years of age, has been abandoned by his parents. Ordered that he be bound to Jordan Wilchar until the age 21. Jordan Wilchar to provide clothe and maintain the said Henry in a comfortable manner. Provide annually  --- suit of clothes ; __ pr shoes and furnish his family to teach them to read and write the English Language and the usual rules of Arithmetic.  Approved Mar 8th 1866.

Petition of Seborn HOBBS sheweth that Laz, a Freedboy about 15 years has been abandoned by his parents and Anna, a Freed girl aged 6 years given to him by her mother, are both of them now on his premises without means of support. Prays that court have them bound to him until they shall become 21 and 18 years of age respectfully. Provide annually  --- suit of clothes ; __ pr shoes and furnish his family to teach them to read and write the English Language and the usual rules of Arithmetic.   Approved Mar 8th 1866.

Petition of Mrs. Rhoda S. HOLLIS sheweth that Alick, a Freedam aged 16 years, abandoned by his parents, and James Benjamin Franklin, a freed child aged 5 years are both now on her premises without means of support. Request Court bound to her until age of 21
(Alick for 5 years and Benjamin for 16 years) to work on her farm. Granted.

pg 181
ORDINARY COURT APRIL TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary

Petition of Rose MONTGOMERY, a Freedwoman, sheweth that she is without means of support sufficient for the maintenance and eduction of her minor son, Green, aged 12. Seeks to bind him to Robert P. HAYS until he is 21 (for 9 years).  Rose Montgomery (her mark)

Robert P. Hays agrees to provide annually clothes and to teach them to read and write the English Language and the usual rules of Arithmetic and give him $100 when he reaches 21.

Petition of Gideon YELVERTON sheweth that George, a Freedboy aged about 12 years, has been abandoned by his parents and is now on his premise, to be bound to him.
G. Yelverton agrees to provide annually clothes and to teach them to read and write the English Language and the usual rules of Arithmetic and give him $50 when he reaches 21.

pg 185

Petition of James M BATEMAN sheweth that Christopher Marion, a Freedboy aged about 15 years, has been abandoned by his parents and is now on his premise, to be bound to him.
James Bateman agrees to provide annually clothes and to teach them to read and write the English Language and the usual rules of Arithmetic and give him $50 when he reaches 21.

Petition of Rose MONTGOMERY, a Freedwoman, sheweth she does not have means of support for her minor son, Bob, aged 10 years. Asks he be bound to Seborn Montgomery until age 21.
Seborn Montgomery agrees to provide annually clothes and to teach them to read and write the English Language and the usual rules of Arithmetic and give him $100 when he reaches 21.

ORDINARY COURT JUNE TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary

pg 188

Petition of Willis J. McLENDON sheweth that Eliza, a freed girl age 11 and Tom, a freed boy age 7 years is now on his premises without means of support. Requests Court to bind them to him until they reach 18 years and 21 years respectfully. To pay Eliza $50 and Tom $100 at the end of their term.
The above freed orphans bound to Willis McLENDON.

ORDINARY COURT JULY TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary

Petition of John H. CALDWELL for Gin, a Freedwoman who is old and afflicted respectfully sheweth that Viney, a Freed-minor daughter of said Gin,  11 years old is now on his premises without means of support. Request Court to bind said Viney to him.

Granted for 7 years from this date unto J.H. CALDWELL.

pg 140
Petition of Lucy WILSON sheweth that ISAAC and MACK Freed orphan minors aged 12 and 10 years respectively are now on her premises without means of support. Requests they be bound to her until age 21.
Granted with usual terms and to pay each $25 at expiration of indenture.
Lucy Wilson (x) her signature

Petition of Samuel MONTGOMERY sheweth that ISAAC, a freedboy age 6 yrs and CATHERING, a freedgirl aged about 4 yrs, orphan minors are now on his premises. Requests they be bound to him until 21 and 18 respectively.  Granted.

pg 191
ORDINARY COURT AUGUST TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary

The petition of Julia JOHNSON, Freedwoman sheweth she is without means of support for her minor child, Eliza Jane, aged 6 years. Request she be bound to James T. HARMON until she shall reach the age of 18.  Agreed.

Petition of R.G. TOMLIN sheweth that Daniel a Freedboy (orphan) is now on his premises. Requests Daniel be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  Robt G. Tomlin

Petition of A.C. CARTER sheweth that Gus, aged about 17 years, Violet aged 15 years; Mary aged 13 years, and Sylla aged 11 years are Freed Children without means of support and that their mother, Jane, a Freedwoman, is strolling about without means sufficient for their maintenance. Requests order to bind freed children to him. $35 to be given each female; $100 to be given to Gus at end of indenture.

pg 196
Petition of Wm S. BATEMAN sheweth that Moses, a Freed boy, aged about 17  years is now on his premises without means of support and that his mother is now in Florida. Requests order to bind freed Moses to him.

Moses to be bound out for 4 years unto Wm S. Bateman with usual stipulations and to give him $100 at termination.

pg 199

ORDINARY COURT SEPTEMBER TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary
Petition of James M. DANIEL sheweth that Frank Daniel a Freedboy age 6 is now on his premises. That he has no legal father, and that his mother, Isabell Mangham, does not have sufficient means for his support and education and that she is habitually cruel to him. Requests Frank be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  James M. Daniel

pg 207

Petition of Richard A. GREEN sheweth that Freed minors are  now on his premises without means of support and are likely to become vagrants and a nuisance to the county. Requests Queen Green, aged 15 years, 6 months; Nelly Green aged 13 years; Moses Green, 11 yrs; Delphy Green age 9 yrs; Isabella Green age 5 yrs 6 months; Adolphus Mitchell, age 14 yrs; Jefferson Mitchell aged 12 years; Emma Mitchell age 16 yrs; and their Parents are unable to support them. Asked that they be bound to him until they reach 21 or 18. 
Queen aged 15 years and 6 months (2 years & 6 months);  Nelly aged 13 (5 yrs from date); Isabella aged 5 yr 6mon (12 yrs 6 months from date); Emma Mitchell age 16 (2 years from date); Moses aged 11; Delphy age 9;Adolphus age 14; Jefferson 12; until they reach the age of 21. (Moses 10 years from date: Delphy 12 years: Adolphus 7 years; Jefferson 9 yrs unto Richard A. GREEN, a farmer in said county. He promises to clothe and feed them and teach them arithmetic and to read.  At end of indenture:  Queen = $5; Nelly $50; Isabella $50; Emma $50; when they arrive at 18.  Moses $100; Delphy $50; Adolphus $100; Jeferson $100 when they reach age of 21. But should Richard A. Green be put to any unnecessary trouble or by absconding of said minors or other acts of disobedience, he is to be allowed to deduct the same from the amount which he is to pay the minor.

Petition of Alfred IVERSON sheweth that Lucinda a Freed orphan aged 10 is now on his premises. Requests Lucinda be bound to him until she is 18. Agreed with terms and to give $50 at end of indenture. If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Alfred Iverson

Petition of Millburn SAXON sheweth that Henry a Freed minor aged 14 and Price, aged 12 years, have been abandoned by their parents.  Requests they be bound to him until they are 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture. If put to any unneccary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Millburn SAXON 

Petition of F.M. MOULTON sheweth that Henry Moulton a Freedboy (orphan) age 17 is now on his premises without means of support. Requests Henry be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. F.M. Moulton

Petition of A.B.G. HARRELL sheweth that Camille Harrell a Freed minor girl has no mother, and has been abandoned by her father and is now on his premises. Requests  she be bound to him until she is 18. Agreed with terms and to give $50 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.  A.B.G. Harrell

Petition of Jophn MOTT sheweth that Jim Mott, a Freedboy age 15, and Gus Mott, aged 13, and Mollie Mott aged 5, all freed minors are now on his premises. Requests  they bound to him and their mother, Emeline consents saying they have no father or means of support. Indenture for: Jim and Gus until 21; Mollie 18. Agreed to the terms and to give $100 to the boys and $50 to Mollie at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.  Joseph MOTT

Petition of James H. MILLS sheweth that Sarah POPE, Freedwoman, is the mother of the following minors: Alick aged 14; Crecy Pop aged 12; and Dorcas aged 10, that she is unable to support them and it is her desire for them to be bound to him. Requests tjhey bound to  until Alick is 21; Crecy and Dorcas 18.  Agreed with terms and to give $100 to Alick and $50 each to girls at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.  James H. MILLS

Petition of W.H. HEARD sheweth that Viney Heard  a Freed minor girl aged 16 and has no parents and is now on his premises. Requests  be bound to him until she is 181. Agreed with terms and to give $25 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.  W.H. HEARD

Petition of Wm H. GRIFFITH sheweth that Tom Griffith aged 20 yearzs 3 months, a Freedboy; and Hany Griffith age 18; and Susanna about 15 and Amanda about 13  are now on his premises without means of support. Requests  be bound to them until boys are 21; girls 18. Agreed with terms and to give  at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.  Wm H. GRIFFITH

Petition of John C. BICE sheweth that Monroe a Freedboy about 16 years and Betsy a freed minor girl about 12 are now on his premises without means of support. Requests  be bound to him until they are 21 and 18 respectively. Agreed with terms and to give Monroe $100 and Betsy $50  at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. John C. BICE, 
*This may be Rice

It appearing upn investigation that the order of the Court issued Oct 1866 for the binding of freed children Monroe, Mason and Betsey to Mr. J.C. Bice were illegal in as much that Monroe and Mason were upwards of 14 years of age and did not select the said J.C. BICE as their master or Guardian and that said Betsy has a parent living whose consent was not obtained to the binding, and moreover it appearing that ll of the said freed children were able to earn their own livelyhood. The order binding them out is hereby revoked.
	Butler, April 19, 1867   Jerome B. Davenport Agen Bureau R F W A S

*Although Mason is not mentioned in the first indenture, the paper revoking the indenture is inserted over another indenture that may very will be one for Mason.

pg 214
Petition of W.W. HAYS sheweth that Nathan Jenkins, aged 19, a Freedboy is without means of support and his parents without means of caring for him.  Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. W.W. Hays
 James F. Wainnow, Agt Bureau R. F & A L for Taylor County


Petition of  J.D. BEALL sheweth that Elliott Beall, aged 14 and 6 months, a Freedboy ; Martha BEALL, freed minor girl aged 12 years and 6 months; Georgia BEALL, freed minor girl about 10 yr nine months; Simon BEALL a freed minor boy about 7 years; Rena Beall, a freed minor girl about 3 years;  Dolly BEALL a woman aged about 37 yers and 6 months and her daughter Milly Beall, about 7 years.  The first five are minor orphans and that their mother does not have means of support.  and that said Dolly and her daughter are partially idiotic and without means of support.  Requests  be bound to him until they  are 18 and  21 and Dolly and her daughter for such time as the Court decides. 
Court rules that Dolly and her daughter be bound out for their natural life. J.D. BEALL

Petition of T.J. RILEY sheweth that Sallie Riley (freedwoman) and her two children  William and Tim aged 17 years and 3 yrs 6 months are without means of support and education.a Freedboy (orphan) is now on his premises. Requests  they be bound to him until he is 21. Payment of $100 and $50 to be paid to Sallie at end of indenture. 

Petition of  Joseph RILEY sheweth that Jacob, a Freedboy age 14, is without means of support. Requests  be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.

Mr. Russ, I have annulled the Indenture binding the freed minor Jacob to Joseph Riley, the reason being the boy being 14 and not having been allowed to select his guardian.
Butler, Jan 15, 1867.  J.B. Davenport, Agent Bureau R.F & A L

Petition of James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R F & A L for said County sheweth that it is the wish of Jordaon, the father of Andrew Harmon a freed minor age 14 that said minor should be bound out to him  until he reaches the age of 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. James T. Harmon

Petition of John W. PARKER sheweth that Lewis Parker aged 14 a Freedboy (orphan) is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give  $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. John W. Parker
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of John W. PARKER sheweth that John Parker aged 15 a Freedboy (orphan) is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give  $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. John W. Parker
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of L.R. GARDNER, shows that the following minors have no means of support: Frank GARDNER, age 10; Emma Gardner, age 5; Ambrose Gardner age 3; Mary Gardner, age 1 and 6 months and an infant child, Margaret Gardner, aged 6 months, all children of Jane Gardner who is wholly unable to suport or education them. Agreed with terms and to give  $50 to Frank at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount
L.R. Gardner
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of William ANDERSON sheweth that Simeon MATTHEWS  a Freedboy about 8 years is without means of support abandoned by his parents.. Requests  be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County
Petition of Mrs. Margaret POPE sheweth that  George MULKEY, a Freedboy (orphan) aged 14 is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of Moody BARFIELD sheweth that Charlie Hutchins, a Freedboy (orphan) aged 14,  is without means of support. Requests  be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of Mrs. Sarah BRYANT sheweth that  Anne, an infant girl aged nine months is without means of support and her mother Mary BRYANT, is wholly unable to do the same. Requests  be bound to her until she is 18 (17 years and 3 months). Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of F.M. GRIFFITH sheweth that Abe BALDWIN, a Freedboy age 14 and Wash BALDWIN aged 13 (orphan) is without means of support. Requests they be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 221

Petition of W.R. BOND sheweth that Joe HAYS, a Freedboy aged 6 years, abandoned by his parents is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of Hugh W. GREEN sheweth that  Jesse & Reubin Green said minor children of Emeline Green, aged 17 and 6 yrs are without means of support. They have no father, and their mother is without means of support and desires that they be bound out. Requests  be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 to Jesse and $50 to Reuben at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County


Petition of Samuel DUKE sheweth that  the following children of Kitty Montgomery, Daniel 14; Reddick 13; Clark 10 are without means of support. Requests they be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 223
Petition of s W.W. HAYS sheweth that  Edmund TURNER, a Freed minor son of Delia TURNER (Freedwoman) aged 16 and 3 months is without means of support and his mother desires he be bound out to petitioner. Requests  he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of Pheasant G. SHEPHARD sheweth that Amos Shephard, a Freed minor aged 6 (orphan) is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 224

Petition of Minnie BATEMAN, a Fredwoman, sheweth that she does not have means of support for her minor child, Viney, aged 6 years and asks court to order a binding out unto John T. HARTLEY until she is 18.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 225

Petition of Watton J. CARTER sheweth that Pink PARKER, a Freed boy aged 13, is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture. W.T. Carter is a farmer in TALBOT county but there is no Age of Bureau R.F & A L for Talbot County. If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount. Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of  J.A. KENDRICK sheweth that Phyllis a Freed minor aged 14 years; Jack aged 12 years; Cinda aged 7; Araminta aged 1 freed illegitimate minors, children of Ellen KENDRICK, a Freed woman . Also Julius KENDRICK, a Freedman age 28 years is a partial idiot and all are without means of support. Requests they be bound to him until they reach 18 or 21. Julius his natural life.  Agreed with terms and to give $100 to Jack: $40 to Phyllis; Cinda and Araminta $25 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 227

Petition of T.F. MATTHEWS sheweth that June Matthews a freed minor (boy) aged 14, has no living relatives in this state and is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Paper over page:
I have investigated the case of Nev HANES, being bound to Mr. J.J. HANES, and find it not to be legally done. The boy Nev being over 14, did not have an opportunity of choosing his guardian.  It appears he was not infomred that he was to be bound until after the Indenture was executed.  Therefore I have informed Mr. J.J. HANES, that indenture biding Ne to him is void. He has contracted with the boy for this year and I have approved the sum.
	J.B. Davenport Agent Bureau R F & A L  Jan 21, 1867  Butler


Petition of Arza MURRAY sheweth that Anne BAILEY a Freed minor girl about 10 years, has no parents, is without means of support. Requests  be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $50 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

This indenture made the 5th day of November, between (blank) and Martha HAYS, her mother being of the age of 10 years, of the one part and Miss Virginia A. HAYS, of the same county of the other part, does by the consent of Martha HAYS, her motehr bind herself out to said Virginia A. HAYS as an Apprentice to said Virginia in the trade or craft of seamstress, chambermaid, cook, or as a laborere upon the plantation of said Virginia HAYS during the space of 8 years or until said (blank) arrives at the age of 18 years. Doth covenant that she will well and faithfully demean herself as such asn Apprentice observing and obeying fully the commands of said Virginia, and in all things deporting and behaving herself as a faithful Apprentice; neitehr revealing her secrets nor at any time leaving or neglecting the business of the said Virginia.  Besides the duties, she will be taught basic arithmetic, and to read, one suit of Sunday Clothes and $50 at end of indenture.
		Martha Hays (x) her mark
		Virginia A. Hays
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 227

Petition of  J.J. HARRIS sheweth that Ned PALMER a Freedboy, aged 17 without parents in this state  is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of sheweth that  a Freedboy (orphan) is without means of support. Requests  be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 229
Petition of Wm W. FOY sheweth that Thomas FOY a Freedman is an idiotic and has no guardian and is without means of support. Petitioner will take care of him. Court binds him for his natural life.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of S.S. TAYLOR sheweth that  Anthony Taylor, a Freedboy aged 12, (orphan) is without means of support. Requests he be bound to him until he is 21. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 230
ORDINARY COURT DECEMBER TERM 1866
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary

Petition of W.A.H. ROYAL sheweth that Rachel Royal a Freed minor girl aged 7 and former slave of Petitioner has been left abandoned by her mother, Eliza Royal, by her removal from this county, and is without means of support. Requests  be bound to him until she is 18. Agreed with terms and to give $25 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

Petition of Mrs. John T. GRIFFIN sheweth that ANNA, a Freed minor girl aged 9 years is without a father or means of support. Requests she be bound to her until she is 18. Agreed with terms and to give $500 at end of indenture.  If put to any unneccesary trouble, can deduct from this amount.
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

 pg 233

This indenture made this 3rd day of December, 1866, between R.G. TOMLIN of the one part and Wm Howard TOMLIN (age 14) and Berry TOMLIN (age 11) Freed orphan minors, neither of them having parents in this county, to bind as Apprentices as laborers upon the plantation of said Tomlin to be taught the craft of Farmer and to live with and serve him for 7 years by Wm Howard, and 10 years by Berry.  At the expiration of the indenture each will receive $100. Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

pg 234
This indenture made this 3rd day of December, 1866, between David J. Ellison JONES, aged 7 yrs 6 months, Penny aged 4 yrs 6 months, and Elizabeth A. JONES, their mother, all of said county of the one part and Elizabeth Jones does consent to bind them as Apprentices as farmers, laborers or seamstress upon the plantation of Redding Jones to be taught the craft of Farmer and to live with and serve him for 7 years by Wm Howard, and 10 years by Berry.  At the expiration of the indenture each will receive $100.  Elizabeth A Jones (her mark)
Approved by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County

ORDINARY COURT JANUARY TERM 1867
pg 236
To Joshua J. HARRIS.
Whereas complaint has been made to this Court by Anderson RUCKER, a Freedwoman, as next friend of Ned PALMER, a Freed orphan minor, that they have mistreated Ned; have not furnished him with clothing and other obligations of indenture. Mr. Harris to personally appear in Court 1st Monday in January.  29th Dec 1866

pg 237
Nev BROOKS,aged 35, a freedman is and has always been of unsound mind and is not capable of caring and managing for himself.  Therefore it is recommended that his former master owner, Mr. Wyatt BROOKS (who has signified his willingness) be appointed his Guardian for his natural life.
pg 241
Petition of Rhoda HUFF (Freedwoman) sheweth that her minor daughter, Roxine, aged 13 yr 6 months,  is without means of support. Requests she be bound to Chralton G. OGBURN until she is 181. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture. Indenture begins Jan 1 1867. Witnesses by C.A.J Pope, E.M. Johnson.  Rhoda (x) Huff, Freedwoman   Charlton G. Ogburn
Approved by J.B. Davenport, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County
It appearing to the Court that Sallie RILEY and her two children,  William and Tim were bound out contrary to orders by James T. Harmon, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County
Present Agent, J.B. Davenport, has annulled said binding out on the part of said Bureau.
Court ordered Indenture null and void.

pg 243
At last October term of court Freed minors, Tom GRIFFITH, Henry GRIFFITH, Susanna GRIFFITH, and Amanda GRIFFITH, were bound out to W.H. Griffith.  Both parties have become dissatisfied with the binding and ask it be rescinded. Present Agent, J.B. Davenport has consented.  W.H. Griffith to withold $12 from any sum owed to said freed minors (they having first created the dissatisfaction) and $2 for Court fees for rescinding the Order.

Isabel MANGHAM (Freedwoman) desiring that her minor son, Frank DANIEL, who was bound to James W. DANIEL, at the last Sept term of court, desired his release from said binding out and James W. Daniel has consented. Approved by James B. Davenport, Agt Bureau R.F & A L 

It appearing that in Oct 1866 court, certain Freed minors were bound out to J.D. BEALL, among others were: Elliot BEALL, Georgia BEALL, Simon BEALL, and Rena BEALL, and Martha BEALL, and the Mother of said Minors desires they be turned over to her control, and J.D. Beall consents. Approved by James B. Davenport, Agt Bureau R.F & A L  (Does not apply to other, Dolly and her daughter, Milly)

ORDINARY COURT MARCH TERM 1867
Present Joseph J. Huff, Ordinary
pg 249
Sir: You will please do me the kindness to bind my granddaugher to. Dr. B.F. NEWSOME. Her mother and father have abandoned her. The little girl's name is Fannie BAILEY, and is about 6 years old.   Susan (x) Jones, Freedwoman
Approved by James B. Davenport, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County
Signed:  B.F. Newsome

Sir: You will please do me the kindness to bind my little daughter to. Dr. B.F. NEWSOME.  Her name is Lee Anna Virginia NEWSOME, she was 5 the 24th Sept last. [1866] and has no father.  Martha (x) Newsome, Freedwoman
Signed in presence of : L.G. Jordan and G.E. Jordan
Approved by James B. Davenport, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County
Signed:  B.F. Newsome

pg 251
This indenture made this 22nd day of Feb, 1867 between Sophronia WEBB, Freedwoman for her minor daughters, Ella and Mary being about 8 and 5 years respectively on the one part and Sidney S. TAYLOR on the other part, consenting to bind as Apprentices in the trade or craft of house servant or laborer until the age of 18. Agreed with terms and to give $100 at end of indenture.
Approved by James B. Davenport, Agt Bureau R.F & A L for Taylor County




Schools in Taylor County

Teachers - 1892
"List of colored teachers Mar 1893 (date of paper) paid for 1892 - Three Fredericks, Abner Edwards, A.W. Golden, Eddie McCrary, Lucy Denham, Mollie Wade, W.G. Riley, G.W. Walkis, Leola Hightower, Annie L. Green, A.L. Giles, Lilly White, J.W. Newberry" (Marilyn Windham's Marriages, Deaths from The Butler Herald 1876-1896)

Rosenwald Schools

Julius Rosenwald, Chicago philantropist and president of Sears, Roebuck and Company, developed a foundation that aided the construction of over 5,000 buildings in 15 southern states for African American youth in the early 1900s.

The first Rosenwald Fund grant went to Booker T. Washington for a rural African American school near Tuskegee Institute. With these grants more than 242 schools were constructed in Georgia.

EXISTING Georgia Rosenwald Schools and their National Preservation Status, can be seen on: Visit the Georgia Historic Preservation Site type "Rosenwald" in the search box, to find out more about the work that Jeanne Cyriaque is doing.

Taylor County Rosenwald Schools
None of these schools still exist.