Monday, 13-Aug-2007 10:54:53 MDT Taylor County GAGenWeb Page

Taylor County Land Records

GMDs   |LAND GRANTS   |Land History   |LOTTERIES   | Land District - Lots Maps |RECORDS   |REFERENCE

Researching land your ancestors owned in Taylor County, you need to be aware that many of them were probably living on their land BEFORE Taylor County was created in 1852. Some may have gotten the land during the 1827 Land Lottery or bought it from the "original drawers" soon after 1827.

So begin on this Land History page.

LAND GRANTS
There is a Copy of all land grants in the Surveyor General's office at the Georgia State Archives.

Taylor County land (County not created until 1852) was in the 1827 Land Lottery from Districts 1-3, 11-15, and 24 of Muscogee County.

The size of the land lots given away at that time were 202 1/2 acreas.
Resource: Reprint of Official Register of Land Lottery of Georgia 1827 , listing everyone who received a grant in this lottery.

Tip: Check out DEEDS in the counties where the lottery land actually was located. Many lucky winners chose NOT to move out of their present county, but instead sold the land. The winners also had the option of not paying the charges for obtaining the land.

Microfilm (at State Archives) Georgia Surveyor General Department Index. These are arranged by original county, district, and then lot number (Copies of microfilm may be ordered: Archives

OLD AGENCY (HAWKINS) RESERVE ON FLINT RIVER
CRAWFORD & TAYLOR COUNTIES, GEORGIA
See Listing of Land and owners.



CLERK OF SUPERIOR COURT

Land records from 1852

Taylor County Clerk of Superior Court
P.O. Box 248
Butler, GA 31006


GEORGIA LAND LOTTERIES

Many winners of the Lotteries did not ever claim their prize. They executed a Power of Attorney or sold it to another individual. Still many Taylor County residents were in GA at the time and participated.

This site (http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/land_lottery/default.htm ) contains lots of information to help you understand the Land Lotteries and how your ancestors might have participated.
Maps showing the various lotteries and portions of state each involved. 1821     1825    1826

Hall's Map shows ALL ORIGINAL COUNTIES.


Published RESOURCES:

"GEORGIA'S ORIGINAL 32 COUNTIES

"Counties formed from the HEADRIGHT and BOUNTY GRANTS: 1. Camden; 2.
Glynn; 3. Liberty; 4. Chatham; 5. Effingham; 6. Burke; 7. Richmond; 8.
Wilkes; 9. Franklin; 10. Washington.

Georgia State Archives Information on these grants.

The Georgia Land Lottery Papers: 1805-1914
Lookup: Kristopher L Swinson (kswin@juno.com)

First Lottery - 1805

Georgia State Archives site complete info

1805 Lottery   Wood, Virginia (1964) 393 pages.

"Counties Formed in the 1805 Lottery: 11. Wayne; 12. Wilkinson and 13. Baldwin. The drawing took place in August 10, 1807 Jefferson County, Louisville, which was the capital of Georgia 1795-1804.


Second Lottery - 1807

Georgia State Archives site complete info

1807 Lottery (Second Lottery)  Lucas, S.Emmett (1968) 215pg
Lookup:Kristopher L Swinson (kswin@juno.com) The drawing took place in August 10, 1807 Jefferson County, Louisville, which was the capital of Georgia 1795-1804.

"Counties Formed in the 1807 Lottery: The remainder of 12. Wilkinson; and the remainder of 13. Baldwin.
This book contains the following information:
[Name, County, Mil. Dist., Lot/Dist, Drew Land]
William Barlow, Washington, Kendricks, 104/15, Wilkinson

This means that William Barlow, a resident of Kendrick's Military District in Washington
Co., drew lot 104 in land district 15 of Wilkinson County (which had been
newly formed as part of the 1805 lottery, of which this was a continuation).




Third and Fourth Lotteries 1820-1821

Georgia State Archives site complete info 1820

Georgia State Archives site complete info 1821

1820-1821 Lottery (Third and Fourth Lottery)  Easley, S.C. Southern Historical Press(1973)
Lookup: Kristopher L Swinson (kswin@juno.com)

"Counties Formed in the 1820 Lottery: 14. Walton; 15. Gwinnett; 16. Hall; 17. Habersham; 18. Early; 19. Irwin; 20. Appling; 21. Rabun [Name, County, Mil. Dist., Lot/Sect, Drew Land]
Isaac Hall, Wilkinson, Lees, 365/4, Early
This means that Isaac Hall, a resident of Lee's Military District in Wilkinson County drew Land Lot 365 in Land District 4 in Early County.
Land Lottery Act for 1821
"Counties Formed in the 1821 Lottery: 22. Dooly; 23. Houston; 24. Monroe; 25. Henry; 26. Fayette.

[Name, County, Mil. Dist., Lot/Sect, Drew Land]
Cullins Peacock, Laurens, Miltons, 186/8, Monroe
This means that Cullins Peacock, a resident of Milton's Military District of Laurens County, drew land lot 186 in land distrcit 8 in Monroe County


Fifth or 1827 Land Lottery

Georgia State Archives site complete info 1827

1827 Lottery  Houston, Martha Lou (1967) 298 pgs.
Map of new counties Lookup: Kristopher L Swinson (kswin@juno.com)

"Counties Formed in the 1827 Lottery: 27. Carroll; 28. Coweta; 29. Troup; 30. Muscogee; 31. Lee.

This book indicates:
[Fortunate Drawers, Capts. Dist., No.Dt.Sec.]
28th DAY'S DRAWING--April 7th. JASPER. Elijah Cornwell, Sr. R[ev]. S[oldier]., Wilsons, 228.5.3 29th DAY'S DRAWING--April 9th. Elijah Cornwell, sen., Wilsons, 104.6.5 Elijah Cornwell, a Revolutionary Soldier, living in Wilson's Military District of Jasper county got two successful draws. He drew Land Lot 228 in Land District 5. Section 3.
He also drew the next day, Land Lot 104 in Land District 6 Section 5. There were 5 sections in this lottery: 1=Lee Co., 2=Muscogee, 3=Troup, 4=Coweta, 5=Carroll.

Act of June 9, 1825
Actual drawing took place:  1827
Counties where land was located:
Carroll:  16 districts (1-16)
Coweta:  9 districts (1-9)
Lee:   33 districts (1-33)
Muscogee: 24 districts (1-24)
Troup: 12 districts (1-12)

All lots were 202 1/2 acres.  Grant Fee: $18.00 per land lot


1832 Cherokee Lottery

Sixth or 1832 Georgia Land LotteryComplete informaton in Georgia State Archives Page. 1832 lottery On-Line listing and land lot map.

1832 Cherokee Lottery Smith, James F.
Lookup: Kristopher L Swinson (kswin@juno.com)

The book indicates:
Eighth District, Fourth Section, Cherokee.
160 Lewis Maddox, s. i. w., Hobbs's, Laurens.* Lewis Maddox, a soldier of the Indian war, a resident of Hobb's Military District in Lauren's County drew land as described. From the explanation of abbrevations also comes, "Note--All names marked * were granted previous to the first day of January, 1838."


1832 Gold Lottery

1832 Gold Lottery
Lookup: Kristopher L Swinson
"Counties Formed in the 1832 Lotteries: 32. Cherokee which was divided into Cass (later Bartow), Cherokee, Cobb, Floyd, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding and Union."

Book provides this information:
[Name, County, Mil. Dist., Lot/Dist, Section]
Josiah Farrell's (Orphs.), Hancock, 113, 1146/2, 3

The orphans of Josiah Farrell, living in Military Distrcit 113 in Hancock County drew Land Lot 1145 in Land District 2, Section 3.

It appears from the map in the front of the book that this land falls in Cobb Co.

The 1833 Land Lottery of Georgia and Other Missing Names of Winners in the Georgia Land Lotteries
Lookup: Kristopher L Swinson (kswin@juno.com)


Land Lottery....How to Locate a Land Lottery Grant or Plat. This site will explain how to locate the exact plot from the Atlanta Archives files.



Reference to Land Transactions Lots of information reference materials to help you understand the buying and selling of land.

Land Lottery....How to Locate a Land Lottery Grant or Plat.

Deed Legaliese Helps make sense out of your Land Deeds by explaining the "typical" terms that you see in all deeds.

Land This Lesson I of the IIGS (International Internet Genealogical Society) Course on "land and property research" is well worth reading. Then proceed with all their other lessons.

  • (Georgia Military Districts) Map showing GMD districts


    The Georgia Military Districts (GMD)
    The Georgia Military Districts (GMD) law was passed in 1778, right after the state of Georgia was formed.

    http://www.sos.state.ga.us/archives/rs/gmd.htm

    More GMD Information by Alex M. Hitz.

    The Captain (elected from each area) of each Company would enroll the names of every male between the ages of 15 and 60, who lived within that District.

    Both the Captain and the Lieutenants were elected offices.

    The boundaries were determined by the Governor and Commander-in-Chief and determined by the number of eligible men living there.....limiting the district to a maximum of 63 men.

    In those days the Districts were known by the Captain's Name, i.e. Captain Wilson's., and whenever a new Captain was elected, the name would change.

    In 1804, the numerical system came into being, and the District KEPT the original number even as the Counties were created. However, in those early years the way of referring to the District was chiefly by the Captain's Name. That makes it confusing on Land Lotteries!

    From Secretary of State page:
    "Up to and including Apr. 8, 1804 no commission issued to a Company officer mentioned the name of his Company, but all commissions issued on or after May 2, 1804 designated the number of the Company District for which issued. Presumably the numbering of Militia Districts or Captain's Districts originated as a regulation of the Adjutant General, but it was soon after written into the laws by the Act of Dec. 10, 1807.9 Sect. 4 of that Act read:"

    In 1804 the Tax Receiver got his list of persons from the Captain in each District Company. Tax payers even now are arranged by GMD.

    As new counties were formed, new districts were created also. That is why the GMDs are not in chronological order. These are the GMDs that we are able to find right now.

    Prattsburg 737  (now called Davidson)
    Hall    743  (now called Carsonville)
    Reynolds   741
    Butler   757
    Cedar Creek  1071
    Panhandle 768
    White Water 853   (now called Howard)
    Potterville  1772
    

    "Muster Days" were held in each county, usually in the county seat, and were occasions for the county to meet socially. Military drilling took place and even athletic contests and other events were held.


    Land Districts

    Georgia's surveying system west of the Oconee river consists of land districts and land lots. Every time the Indians ceded territory to the state, the land was pre-surveyed.

    Between 1805 and 1832, Georgia held seven lotteries to distribute its lands west of the Oconee River and south of the Altamaha River. Each lottery distributed lands for a specific area. The lands were laid out into large original counties (e.g. Muscogee County, Houston, Monroe, Troup) These counties were subdivided into numbered Land Districts (squares with a length and width of 9 miles). For instance, Muscogee had 24 districts (1-24); Troup had 12 districts (1-12).

    Each districts were subdivided into numbered land lots (every one starting with land lot 1 and ran in a logical order). Take a look at a map of any county showing Land Lots and you'll see these. But be careful that you first pay attention to the District Land Lines, as some lands lot numbering may run almost parallel to the neighboring District.

    Hall's 1889 Original County Map of Georgia shows these Original Counties as well as the Land Districts within it. The present counties are also indicated. This map is available from the Georgia Archives for $1.00.

    These districts and land lots are still the same, since a surveying system cannot be changed once it has been established.

    Since these original counties proved to be too large and unmanageable, they were soon broken up into smaller newer counties, which was a never ending process. County lines have nothing to do with district or land lot lines; they can cut right through these. That is why you find a part of District 15, originally Muscogee County, now in Talbot County and another part in Taylor County. A piece of property in this area would be identified by land lot number, land district number and county (and sometimes original county).
    Ingrid P. Shields Sr. Archivist, Land Records Georgia State Archives


    Other helpful pages about Taylor County Land.
    Shows transition from Indian Lands


    If you find dead links, please let me know: Virginia Crilley.

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