Early Settlers of Union
Descendants...Their Stories...Their Achievements
Mists of History on Their Way of Life
By: Ethelene Dyer Jones
Columbus Moore Served the Confederacy and the Union
(Moore Family, part 4)
With a name like Christopher
Moore, the third child of nine born to Albert and Sarah McClure Moore
been destined for a noticeable life in his future.
Perhaps like his namesake, who discovered America
1492, Christopher Columbus Moore (born May 2, 1843 in North Carolina, died September 26, 1920
in Towns County, Georgia)
would lead a life worth notice.
When the Civil War broke out,
Christopher Columbus Moore was still at home with his parents in the
Community of Towns County. He helped his
father work on the farm. The political
climate in this northern county was both pro-South and pro-Union, with
sentiments largely favoring the latter.
Few slaves were owned by farmers who, at best, had only small
in cultivated acreage.
Christopher Columbus Moore probably
walked from his home at Woods Grove to the county seat town of Hiawassee.
There, on March
1, 1862, he enlisted in the Confederate Army, joining
Company E, 52nd
Regiment, Georgia Infantry. For whatever reasons, whether his political
leanings or dissatisfaction that he might have been defending slavery,
(as he was known)
was found to be away-without-leave from his regiment several times. Not so good a record, especially for anyone
who might have thought of receiving a good conduct medal.
He was at the Battle of Vicksburg,
Mississippi, and there he was taken a prisoner of war by the Union
on July 4, 1863,
along with others in the command of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton,
States of America. Evidently plans were in the works to allow
any of the imprisoned Southern soldiers who would do so sign an oath of
allegiance not to take up arms again against the United States,
and thus be released
from prison. Christopher Columbus Moore
signed the vow of allegiance and was released as a prisoner of war on July 6, 1863, only
after his capture. He was no doubt still
in pain at the time he was imprisoned and released.
Lum Moore lost his right forefinger in
fighting at Vicksburg—a
very useful finger to lose.
Following his release at Vicksburg, he probably
returned home to Woods Grove for awhile.
But then, whether because of his loyalty to the Union
or because he could be paid for his services if he enlisted,
Columbus Moore journeyed to Cleveland,
Tennessee where he signed
a year in the U. S. Army on August 5, 1864. Where
he served and
in what battles is unknown to this writer, but before his year of
was up, the war had ended. Christopher
Moore was discharged from the Union Army at Nashville, Tennessee
on July 16, 1865. Evidently his two enlistments were not
something he wanted to discuss.
Descendants note that their grandfather was silent about the war
rest of his life.
The same year as his discharge from
the Union Army, Christopher Columbus Moore and Mary Elizabeth Swanson
married on December
14, 1865. Her parents were
Anderson Clifton and Mary Brown Swanson.
She had been born June 29, 1840, the eldest of the Swanson children. Her parents had migrated from Wilkes County, NC
to Union County, Georgia in 1849. Lum
father-in-law had also served as a blacksmith in the Confederacy during
Christopher Columbus Moore and Mary
Elizabeth Swanson Moore had eight children:
(1) James (01/07/1867) married Sadie
(2) William Hannibal (04/10/1868)
(3) Laveda (04/06/1870) married Albert
(4) John Andrew (12/25/1871)
(5) Lillie (10/25/1873) married William
(6) Lola (10/20/1875) married John
(7) George (04/21/1879) married Pearl
(8) Thomas Arthur (04/09/1882) married
As we learned from Part 3 of this
Moore Family story, Christopher Columbus Moore and his wife Emily
his parents in the declining years of their lives, as Lum’s father had
specified when he deeded him land along Long Bullet Creek, Towns
taking care of Albert Moore and his wife Sarah and keeping as part of
family during their natural life.” This
contract Lum and Emily Moore faithfully kept until Albert died in 1897
Sarah died in 1899.
The old Civil War veteran of two
sides, Lum Moore, lived mainly in Towns County
for the remainder
of his life, engaging in farming and perhaps harvesting timber from
some of his
acreage. But there were two brief
periods when this couple lived elsewhere.
For five years they lived in Habersham County, Georgia
at a place called Arnold’s
Mill. They also lived briefly in Macon County, North Carolina.
move may have been because of living nearer some of their married
But they moved back to Woods Grove to
live out their days. It is interesting
that a post office once operated from the old homestead of Lum Moore’s
and this post office was not called Moore—after the people who lived on
land—and not Woods Grove, as the community then and since has been
the post office that operated there for a decade from 1890-1900 was
Christopher Columbus Moore and Mary
Elizabeth Swanson Moore died two months apart—he on September 26, 1920 and she
on December 29,
1920. Their marked graves are
in the Woods
Towns County, Georgia.
Jones; published Feb. 24, 2011 in The Union Sentinel, Blairsville,
Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.
Jones is a retired educator,
freelance writer, poet, and historian. She may be reached at
phone 478-453-8751; or mail 1708 Cedarwood Road, Milledgeville, GA
Updated March 6, 2011
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