Berg

The old parish village of Berg, located barely 4 km west-northwest of Ronsperg, probably has its origin in an old castle or Wallburg(1), whose ruins likely were taken to build the present church St. Wenceslas.  Berg is documented in 1384 as already having a parish church which was attached to the Archidiakonat Bischofteinitz.

The name of the village appeared in the Urbar(2) of the Herrschaft(3) Lobkowitz at Bischofteinitz with six farms in 1587. It had been attached to the castle Hirschstein, along with Trohatin, Natschetin and Hoslau. In 1539 it was attached to the Herrschaft of Teinitz.  The surname Prokosch continued to be mentioned in the Urbar of 1587 until 1946.

In the year 1789 the chronicler Schaller occasionally refers to some remnants of a former strong castle and calls the village with 16 houses as “Berg am Böhmerwald”; “Bergium”; “Mons St. Wenceslai”.  In 1839 Berg had 22 houses with 173 German residents, who pursued active cultivation of flax and yarn spinning, but also worked in the glassworks of other estates.

In 1913 Berg had 26 houses with 165 residents; in 1945 it had 32 houses and 163 residents.  In 1937 the area amounted to 124 ha(4) which could be divided in 71,72 ha fields; 25,81 ha meadows; 8,35 ha pastureland; 9,16 ha woods; 1,05 ha gardens.

The former parsonage, which was mentioned in 1707, was used as a school at the same time.  It burned down in 1927 and was rebuilt once more in 1932.

Until 1787 the church of St. Wenceslas was administered by priests of the monastery of Stockau.  On 25 January 1788 it again became a parish church after the buildings of the monastery were taken over.  The priests were secularized by Emperor Joseph II.  The villages of Trohatin, Natschetin, Schiefernau and Schilligkau were also attached to the parish of Berg. 
           
The church steeple had three bells. Two of them were melted in World War I and were replaced by new ones in the twenties. In 1787 the school teacher moved from the parsonage to a small house which had been attached to the school. The school became too small in 1860, so a new school was built on the school hill. In 1893 the school had three classes.  In 1945 there was once again only one class because, in addition to the children of Berg, the children of Schiefernau, Natschetin and Hoslauer Mühlen came to the school in Berg. (After World War I they had attended school in Münchsdorf.)

The political community Berg consisted of Berg, Schiefernau and Zeisermühl. In Berg, besides the church and the school, there was also the seat of the Raiffeisenkasse of Trohatin and the environs; a general merchandise store; a butcher shop; two inns; and a cigar store.  The community also had a midwife.

The residents mainly worked in agriculture and in winter they also made Klöppeled lace.

In World War I six soldiers were killed and in World War II nine were killed.

(1) Wallburg (also called Schanze, Spitzwall): entrenchment, field-work, ring-walls, which were built in the early Middle Ages. Later in the Middle Ages castles wereoften  built in it and the old ramparts were used as an additional hindrance for attackers.

(2) List in which were written down the possessory rights of the lord of the manor and the duties of his subjects. Also called “Urbarium”.

(3) Herrschaft = dominion or estate

(4) 1 ha (Hektar) = 100 a (Ar); 1 a (Ar) = 100 m