Conversion Factors for Some Old Bohemian Units

Source: Heimat in Boehmen Semeschitz - Kreis Bischofteinitz by Dr. Karl Stich, 1988, privately published, Regensburg. Pages 824-830.

The book contains further references for the sources of these tables and more discussion of each of the types of measures. Below, I have always translated the es-test as ss.

Altboehmische oder Prager Laengenmasse
(Old Bohemian or Prague linear measure)
1 boehm. oder Prager Elle                     59.2710 cm
1 boehm. Schuh (Fuss) = 1/2 Elle              29.6355 cm
1 boehm. Zoll = 1/12 Schuh                     2.4696 cm
1 boehm. Linie = 1/12 Zoll                     0.2058 cm
1 boehm. Klafter = 3 Boehm. Ellen            177.8130 cm
1 boehm. Lachter = 4 Boehm. Ellen            237.0840 cm
1 boehm. Ruthe = 8 Boehm. Ellen              474.1680 cm
1 boehm. Landseil=52 Boehm. Ellen           3082.0920 cm

Niederoesterreichische oder Wiener Laengenmasse
("Lower Austrian" or Vienna linear measure)
1 niederoesterr. oder Wiener Elle             77.7558 cm
1 niederoesterr. Klafter                     189.6484 cm
1 niederoesterr. Fuss = 1/6 Klafter           31.6081 cm
1 niederoesterr. Zoll = 1/12 Fuss              2.6340 cm
1 niederoesterr. Linie = 1/12 Zoll             0.2195 cm
1 niederoesterr. Faust (Pferdemass)=4 Zoll =  10.5360 cm
1 niederoesterr. /Post-/Meile = 4000 Klafter = 7.585936 km

Flaechenmasse (area)
1 Wiener Quadratklafter                         3.596652 qm (qm==square meter)
1 niederoesterr. Joch = 1600 Quadratklafter     0.575464 ha (Hectare)
1 boehmischer Strich = 1/2 Joch =800 "" ""      0.287732 ha
1 oesterr. Metzen Aussaat = 1/3 Joch            0.191821 ha
1 Stallung /Wald/ = 40 Strich                   11.509280 ha
For those of us in the multitude of non-metric countries, one hectare is 2.471 acres. 
640 acres in one square mile. Thus one Strich = .711 US acre.

Altboehmischen Getreidemasse (Old Bohemian dry volume measures)
1 Strich (gestrichenen Masses)          93.5829 liter
1 Viertel (auch "Sturz" genannt)        23.3957 liter
1 Metzen (= 1/4 Viertel)                 5.8489 l
1 Pinte (= 1/3 Metzen)                   1.9496 l
1 Seidel (=1/4 Pinte oder 1/192 Strich)  0.4874 l

Niederoesterreichische oder Wiener Getreidemasse (Austrian dry volume)
1 niederoesterr oder Wiener Metzen      61.4868 liter
1 Viertel Metzen                        15.3717 l
1 Achtel Metzen                          7.6858 l
1 Massel (= 1/16 Metzen)                 3.8429 l

Altboehmischen Getraenkemasse (Old Bohemian liquid volume measures)
1 Fass (=4 Eimer=128 Pint)              244.4544 liter
1 Eimer (=32 Pint)                       61.1136 l
1 Pinte (=4 Siedel)                       1.9098 l
1 Seidel (= 4 Viertling)                  0.4774 l
1 Viertling                               0.1193 l

Niederoesterreichische oder Wiener Getraenkemasse (Austrian liquid volume)
1 Wiener Fass (=4 Eimer=160 Mass)       226.3558 liter
1 Wiener Eimer (=40 Mass)                56.5889 l
1 Wiener Mass (=2 Halbe)                  1.4147 l
1 Wiener Halbe (= 2 Seidel)               0.7073 l
1 Wiener Seidel                           0.3536 l

Altboehmischen Gewichte (Old Bohemian weight)
1 Zentner (= 120 Pfund = 6 Stein)        61.7277 kg
1 Stein (= 20 Pfund)                     10.2879 kg
1 Pfund (=32 Loth)                      514.3983 g
1 Loth (=4 Quintel)                      16.0749 g
1 Quintel (Quentel)                       4.0187 g

Niederoesterreichische oder Wiener Gewichte  (Austrian weight)
1 Zentner (= 100 Pfund = 5 Stein)        56.0060 kg
1 Stein (= 20 Pfund)                     11.2012 kg
1 Pfund (= 2 Mark = 16 Unzen = 32 Loth) 560.0600 g
1 Mark (=8 Unzen = 16 Loth = 24 Karat)  280.0300 g
1 Unze (=2 Loth)                         35.0037 g
1 Loth (=4 Quintel)                      17.5018 g
1 Karat (1/24 Mark)                      11.6679 g
1 Quintel (= 4 "Pfeniggewichte")          4.3754 g
1 Pfeniggewicht (=15 Gran)                1.0938 g
1 Gran (= 3 Graen)                        0.0729 g
1 Graen                                   0.0243 g

The book also has a lot of details on monetary conversions and prices of beer, wheat, etc. But that is a lot more textual than tabular, and the monetary units change about every 50 years, so I haven't attempted to put that part in. Cubic volume measures are also mentioned.

Dennis Nicklaus / Email: nicklaus@wishep.physics.wisc.edu



Return to Czech Research page