CAPT. SAMUEL ELLIOTT
(1751-1831)

From Pioneer Pamphlet No. 7, by Licking County Pioneer Society.
Written by Isaac Smucker, about 1873

Captain Samuel Elliott located in the valley of the Licking, one and a half miles below the junction of the North and South Forks, now Newark, in September 1800. In the spring of this year he, with two sons, left his mountain home in Allegheny County, Maryland, and came to this valley where they erected a cabin and planted corn and potatoes, and then returned home for the family. This cabin was built near the big spring on the farm now owned by T.J. Davis, Esq. He may have been drawn to this point in order to be neighbor to Messrs. Green and Pitzer, who had just located on Shawnee Run, about half a mile eastward, on the O'Banon farm. They all came from the same neighborhood in Maryland. In the autumn Captain Elliott, with his wife and twelve children, arrived and took possession of his cabin and harvested his crops. He made the seventh family that located in what is now Licking County. Isaac Stadden, with his family, preceded him a few days, who located on what is now the Jones farm. The families of Hughes, Ratliff, Green, Pitzer, Van Buskirk, Stadden and Elliott were all that lived in the Licking Valley until the Christmas of 1800, when the marriage of John Stadden and Betsey Green constituted another, making the eighth family in our county, which comprised the entire population at the close of the year 1800.

While Captain Samuel Elliott lived here he entertained for several days Rev. McDonald, a missionary of the Presbyterian Church, who preached the first sermon ever delivered within the limits of Licking County. It was late in 1801 or early in 1802.

The manufacture of a web of twenty yards of nettle cloth or linen by the wife and daughters of Captain Elliott, while they resided here, was one of the novel events of the day. In the absence of flax it was the best they could do. Such were the expedients necessity compelled pioneers to resort to.

Captain Elliott was born near Ballymena, County Antrim, Province of Ulster, in Ireland, in 1751. On coming to North America, in 1771, he settled in the colony of Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. Here he lived during the dawning era of the Revolution, and when that great struggle for human freedom was fully inaugurated he took sides with the oppressed colonists - the champions of self-government. Towards the close of the Revolutionary war Captain Elliott married in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, from where he emigrated to western Maryland, settling west of Cumberland, in Allegheny County. Here he remained until his removal to the Licking Valley in the year 1800.

Captain Elliott built the first hewed log house in Newark, which was in 1802. It stood on the lot of Mrs. Fullerton, on East Main Street. He moved into it during the same year, which made him one of Newark's earliest inhabitants. He soon purchased of General Schenck, one of the proprietors of Newark, some lands lying about a mile west of the village, upon which he settled in 1804, and where he remained until his death which occurred May 24th, 1831. The death of Mrs. Elliott took place on the same farm, May 19th, 1822, aged sixty-four years. She was a woman of rare excellency of character; neighborly, accommodating, kind, industrious, charitable; raised her children respectably; ruled her household well; taught industry and the virtues to her children by precept and example, hence, it is not surprising that her daughters became good women, and her sons useful men. She died in communion with the Presbyterian Church in Newark; Rev. S.S. Miles, who is still living and a citizen of Illinois, commemorated her virtues in an appreciative but discriminative obituary sketch of her, published in the Newark Advocate of 23 May 1822, over fifty years ago, then conducted by the late Mr. Benjamin Briggs. Mrs. Elliott lived a life of devotion to the interests of her husband, her children and the church. Though dead, in friendship's silent register she lives - a numerous posterity revere her memory.

Upon the organization of Licking County in 1808, Captain Elliott became the Coroner, and served many years in that office, and was succeeded therein by his son, Alexander, who also served many years.

Captain Samuel Elliott was providentially preserved until he completed the eightieth year of his age before he was summoned to his better inheritance. His death occurred in May 1831 and the obituary notice of him appears in the Newark Advocate of date May 26, 1831, written by the then editor, Mr. Briggs.

Captain Elliott, as well as Mrs. Elliott, and indeed most, if not all, of their children, adopted the Presbyterian form of faith, and were upright, industrious, frugal, highly esteemed and faithful in all the relations of life. But few, if any, of our early-time settlers, more generally practiced the pioneer virtues.

Fidelity, integrity, candor, veracity, sincerity, frankness, were the leading characteristics of the venerable Elliott, the honored pioneer of the Licking Valley. I knew the patriarchal, gray-haired patriot well, and it affords me more than ordinary pleasure to be able, though more than forty years have elapsed since his death, to bear testimony to his many virtues, and to make mention of his useful life and honorable career. "Peace to the just man's memory. Let it grow greener with years, and blossom in the flight of ages."

The venerable Elliott, I have indicated, participated actively in our revolution. He was patriotic to the core, and remained so to the close of his useful, octogenarian career. And it may also be said that patriotism came to be a characteristic of his descendants. Three of the sons of Captain Elliott were personally engaged in the war of 1812, and another, at the same time, patriotically sent a substitute, as he was unable by reason of feeble health to do a soldier's duty himself. Our esteemed patriot's grandsons, David Taylor and Alexander Elliott, served with honor in the Mexican war; and two grandsons, William and Jonathan Taylor, brothers of David, served long and faithfully in the Union Army during the late rebellion. William encountered a rebel's fatal bullet in the gallant and successful attack upon the enemy's works at Arkansas Post; Jonathan survived "the march to the sea" with Sherman's army. Reuben Lunceford, and a number of other great-grandsons, also fought the rebels, including two young Elliotts who, as Union soldiers, lost their lives during the great rebellion. Lieutenant Reuben Harris, a grandson, was long a gallant officer in our Navy, and died in the service."

***************************************

Excerpts from Mariam Parr's "Captain Samuel Elliott: Licking County Pioneer and His Descendants" (copyright 1983, Heritage West, Publisher, Palo Alto, CA):

Captain Samuel Elliott's wife's maiden name is said to have been Mary Campbell. This is a tradition in so many different branches of the family, between which no correspondence had been held, that it seems very likely it is true. It is further confirmed by the fact that at least two of the grandsons had Campbell for middle names.

Samuel Elliott must have had a brother in America - at least he had two nieces over here. The Licking County History says that John Cunningham, Sr., married Mary, a niece of Captain Elliott. And George Elliott, editor of the Methodist Review, said that his grandfather, Alexander Elliott, married his cousin, Jane Elliott.

The children of Samuel and Mary (Campbell?) Elliott were:

    1. Robert Elliott. "One of the older sons of the veteran Elliott never came to the Licking Valley. When the family came he was absent in the Mississippi Territory and had been sick, but was thought to be convalescent. As he was never afterwards heard from, it was thought by the family that he relapsed and died. At all events, all subsequent efforts to obtain letters from him proved abortive. the other twelve children were all in subsequent life identified with the Licking Valley. A number of them died in early life. Most that survived til they approached middle life, married; Nancy, who died 28 October 1871, in Newark, was the exception."

    2. Samuel Elliott, Jr.

    3. Cornelius Elliott

    4. Alexander Elliott

    5. Nancy Elliott, died, unmarried, 28 October at Newark, Ohio.

    6. Peggy Elliott

    7. Mary Elliott, twin to Jane, married Richard Parr in Licking County in 1803.

    8. Jane Elliott

    9. Sarah Elliott

    10. Francis Elliott (?)


From DAR Application #750249 - 21 Oct. 1992
of Judith Lynn Dearbaugh Krebs
6360 Decker Rd., Franklin, OH 45005

513-746-6332

1776 - enlisted in Capt. John Boyd's Co. of Militia in Col. Thomas Portor's Battalion, Lancaster Co., PA in 1776

1777 - he was made a Lieutenant

29 Dec 1781 - Samuel Elliott made a Capt. of the 2nd Co., 5th Battalion, Lancaster Co., PA Militia

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