Table of Contents
The Surveyors
JTR's Colorful Families: GENN
Joanne's Genn Research Notes


The Genn Family
of Canada
A family history researched and compiled by David Genn and his cousins

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Backword

1 Origins
Pre-1600

2 Anjou, France
1095-1730

3 Yorkshire, England
1323-1683

4 Virginia, British America
1684-1780

5 Maryland, British America
1750-1900

6 Falmouth, Cornwall, England
1780-1880

7 Pernambuco, Brazil
1840-1990

8 Liverpool, Lancashire, England
1840-1900

9 Canada
1864-2000

THE GENN FAMILY OF CANADA
Chapter 4 - Virginia, British America
1684-1780

A family history researched and compiled by David Genn and his cousins. If you wish to contact us regarding this story or any other family connection that we may be heir to, please write to:
David Genn, 7894 East Glen Place, Sooke, BC, Canada V9Z 0J8
Phone:  250-642-3750
Email: davgenn(at)hotmail.com

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The Genn name first appears in Virginia colonial records in 1684, with a James Genn who was granted probate on a will in Northumberland County, Virginia. Northumberland County, occupies a portion of the west shore of Chesapeake Bay and would have been one of the earliest areas settled. The reference to James Genn in the will of Thomas Mathew, 6 May 1703, has provided some encouragement in understanding what the Genns were doing in Virginia. A land grant to the same Thomas Mathew in 1679/80 lists James Jenn among the 76 names on the grant. These documents will be discussed in this chapter. A search of Virginia land records of the period discloses no land transactions involving the Genns prior to 1718.

The next four generations produced a total of ten James Genns. In order to distinguish between them, we have suffixed each with a number. The one previously mentioned is James Genn (0). He died in 1709. We estimate that his birth took place about 1640 to 1650.

While the Genn and Ginn names appear to be independent and distinct on English soil, in Virginia the converse is true. Both spellings are used in the same family, applied to the same individual and are sometimes both used in the same document. The land first occupied by James Genn and his wife Mary at Cherry Point, Northumberland County, Virginia is shown on an early map as Ginn's Island. Ginn's Island is the present site of Lewisetta, Northumberland County. It is a possibility that the name was Ginn when it arrived in Virginia.

From the Bristol Register of Servants Sent to Foreign Plantations, 1654 - 1686, we find the following:

20 Oct 1674 John Beare to John Genn, 4 years Virginia.

Four other entries in the Bristol Register show that between 1662 and 1667, Rosse Hamm, Edward Harding, Anne Yeats and John Shelly were sent to the plantation of John Beare. We construe that the names got switched and the entry should read:

20 Oct 1674 John Genn to John Beare, 4 years Virginia.

John Beare's marriage and subsequent land deals appear in subsequent records. John Genn does not seem to reappear.

James Genn (0) appears regularly in Northumberland County court records between 1684 and 1709. The following is the chronology from these court records:

20 August 1684, probate granted on the will of Weltham Bonas by oaths of James Genn (0) and Samuel Buckley.

21 January 1688, James Genn (0) was arrested at the suit of Mary Hawkins, but she failed to prosecute. If this, per chance, was the result of a paternity claim that was resolved by a marriage, it would account for the 1703 reference to James Genn and his wife Mary, and would also introduce son Thomas or James, born about 1690.

In the fall of 1689 James Genn served as a juror in Northumberland County Court in the case of Garner vs. Flynt. Flynt had failed to pay on a wager to Garner on a horse race at Cherry Point.

19 March 1690, James Genn (0) won a suit against Daniel Noale who carried off his canoe. Noale was fined 600 pounds of tobacco.

20 May 1691, suit between James Genn (0) and John Cratter. Cratter owes Genn 13,595 pounds of Tobacco. Adjusted to 682 pounds.

15 February 1693, James Genn (0) released from fine for not appearing in court.

17 November 1697, the will of William Parker was proved by James Genn (0) and Ignatius Olliver.

6 May 1703, will of Thomas Mathew, "prob. in London," was proved in Northumberland County, Virginia. To James Genn (0) and Mary his wife he left a life interest in tenancy on his land at Cherry Point. More on this later.

22 February 1704/05 a land grant in Northumberland of 2950 acres to George Eskeridge listed 59 names as "head rights" including James Genn, Mary Genn and Thomas Genn.

21 March 1704/05, the will of Thomas Fflynt was probated on oaths by James Genn (0), Francis Dawson and Richard Booth.

20 April 1709, probate of the last will of James Genn (0) granted to James Genn (1) and Thomas Genn (1). We assumed James and Thomas to be his sons.

16 June 1714 a land grant in New Kent County of 4185 acres to Nicholas Meriwether, William Meriwether and David Meriwether listed 84 names as "Head rights" including James Genn, Mary Genn and Thomas Genn and also included the rest of the 59 names from the 22 February 1704/05 land grant. Mary Genn, we suggest, is the wife of James Genn (0) mentioned in the probate entry of 6 May 1703. Thomas and James, would be their children, Thomas Genn (1) and James Genn (1), who appear as executors in the probate of James Genn (0), 20 April 1709.

As the next four generations include six Thomas Genns, we have taken the liberty of numbering them as well. The Genns mentioned in the 1714 land grant are therefore, Thomas Genn (1), Mary Genn and James Genn (1). In the following pages we trace the Canadian Genns to Thomas Genn (1).

Excerpts from the will of Thomas Mathew, dated 6 May 1703, probated by Canterbury Court, London, 28 February 1706-7 and proved in Northumberland County, Virginia, 20 August 1712, read as follows:

I, Thomas Mathew, formerly of Cherry Point in the Parish of Bowtracy in the County of Northumberland in Virginia, Merchant, ... my body I desire may be buried and if I die in or about London as near to my dearly beloved son William as it can be had in the church of St.Dunstan's-in-the-East. ... From as for what remains real or personal ... in the County of Northumberland, Cherry Point ... I bequeath one half ...to my dear son John ... and the other half ... to my dear children Thomas and Anna ... my loving Brother-in-Law Capt. John Cralle and my old and faithful servant, James Genn and Mary his wife have manifested every great faithfulness and industry in the management of my affairs both whilst I dwell in Virginia and since I came thence I desire and will that my said brother Cralle and the said James Genn and his said wife may quietly remain and reside in and upon and in the peaceable possession of the houses and lands now in their respective tenures during their respective lives and I leave to all my children to be their heir grateful ...

Thomas Mathew seems to have arrived in Virginia sometime around 1660 to join his father, also Thomas Mathew. In February 1662 Thomas Mathew, Jr. witnessed a document for his father. A land claim in the name of Thomas Mathew, Sr. dated 20 October 1663 indicates that Thomas Mathew, Jr. had traveled to Virginia five times. The Will of Thomas Mathew, Jr. (above) discloses that James Genn managed the affairs of Thomas Mathew, Jr. since he arrived in Virginia, which suggests that James Genn may also have been in Virginia since about 1660. They may have known each other in London.

The Thomas Mathews', Sr. and Jr., professional endeavors include Planter, Rancher, Merchant, Manufactured, Miller, Captain, Attorney, Trustee, Bondsman, Justice and Sheriff. It is not clear what aspects of the business was managed by James Genn but his bequest of life tenancy would suggest that he may have managed a plantation.

A most illustrious event in the life of Thomas Mathew began in July 1675 when Doeg Indians stole some of his hogs. English settlers avenged the event by killing some Indians. The Indians returned and killed Thomas Mathew's herdsman, Robert Henn and later returned and killed Thomas Matthew?s son. The English settlers were outraged and avenged the killings by slaughtering Doeg and Susquehannock Indians. The Indians retaliated with more attacks. Governor Sir William Berkeley made no attempt to protect the settlers so Nathaniel Bacon, Jr. was chosen by the settlers to lead an attack on the Indians, which he proceeded to do without a commission from the Governor. Bacon died in October 1676 ending the conflict, Governor proceeded to hang all those that supported him. In 1804, with the help of Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Mathew published, "The Beginning, Progress, and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion, 1675-1676".

Following are two maps of Cherry Point, the first one was dated 1798, the second one is current. The early map identifies Ginn's Island Acres as the eastern end of Cherry Point, the present site of the village of Lewisetta. By rough measure Ginn's Island scales off to be about 300 Acres. Capt. John Crallie Land is shown to the south-west on the other side of Kingscote Creek. A sign at the present intersection of roads 624 and 625 reads "Cralle Cove, Private". One source reports that the land that Mathew left to Cralle was never reclaimed by Mathew's heirs but was included as part of Cralle's estate. The same may have happened to Ginn's Island.

Northumberland County Order Book 1678-98, Part 1, page 56 records the following land grant:

18 Feb. 1679/80 - Certificate is granted Mr. Tho: Mathew for three thousand eight hundred Acres of Land for ye Transportation of seaventy six persons into this Colony.

Included in the list of names is one James Jenn. It is conceivable that when James Genn arrived in Virginia he pronounced his name with the soft "G". The scribe recorded it in his best phonetic form. Several other names in the document seem to deviate from their usual spelling to a more phonetic rendition. The Thomas Mathew will provides that James Genn managed Mathew's affairs since Mathew arrived in Virginia, before 1662. It is an easy matter to accept that Mathew had reason to claim him as a head right.

In the mid 1600's Jenns were found in Kilkhampton, Cornwall. One family had children between 1629 and 1635, another between 1656 and 1667. No James Jenns were on record in Kilkhampton. No Jenns were found in Virginia in the years following 1679. In all liklihood, the person claimed in the Mathew grant was James Genn.

From the Saint Stephen's Parish register we learned that James Genn (1) and his wife Ann had two daughters and a son, including:

  • Judith Genn, born, 29 October 1713
  • Mary Genn, born, 28 March 1716
  • James Genn (9), born, 27 August 1718

Thomas Genn (1) had six children, including twins:

  • Griffethell Genn, born, 19 April 1714
  • Mary Genn, born, 12 June 1715
  • *James Genn (2), born, 12 June 1715
  • Thomas Genn (2), born, 14 March 1718
  • Jonathan Genn, born, 26 April 1721
  • George Ginn, born, 13 December 1729
  • and possibly a seventh, Thomas Genn, born, 5 March 1733

* is used throughout the text to identify the direct ancestor.

Also recorded in the Saint Stephen's Parish register is the birth of William Genn, son to Thomas and Ann Genn, born 19 May 1745. It is not evident as to which Thomas Genn is the father, possibly Thomas Genn (2).

Another record of interest is from the Prince William County, Virginia deed book, on 29 December 1731, in which Thomas Genne is identified as Town Clerk. This would likely be Thomas Genn (1). The name of the town was not mentioned.
From the Northumberland County court records we have assembled he following chronology of events involving Thomas Genn (1) and James Genn (1):

22 February 1705, cost to George Eskridge, 2950 acres for transportation of (list of 59 names, including) James Genn (1), Thomas Genn (1) and Mary Genn.

20 April 1709, probate of the last will of James Genn (0) granted to James Genn (1) and Thomas Genn (1).

4 August 1713, in a suite between Thomas Genn (1) and William Levy. Thomas Genn (1) did not appear to prosecute.

On 16 June 1714, James Genn (1), Thomas Genn (1) and Mary Genn were included among the 84 persons listed under a land grant to Nicholas, William and David Merriwether of 4185 acres of new land in St. Paul's Parish, New Kent County, Virginia, among the branches of the Pamunky River.

17 December 1718, James Genn (1) purchased from John Conway for 5000 pounds of tobacco, the old plantation of Denis Eies. The plantation is described as: 150 acres bounded by the main swamp of Great Wicomico River that divide it from land of Robert Carter, deceased, and Arthur Mark, deceased, and bounding on land of Thomas Smith, deceased, Richard Walker, Richard Denne and James Lebrees; being part of a patent for 400 acres granted on 11 March 1662, to Denis Conway (father of John Conway) and Denis Eies. This is the first reference to land in Virginia held in the Genn name.

19 August 1719, Ann A. Genn, widow of James Genn (1), Thomas Genn (1) and John I. Blinco are indebted to the Justice of the Peace for 100 pounds sterling. Ann Genn is administrator of James Genn (1), who had died intestate. Also, an inventory of the estate of James Genn (1), including a parcel of books, an old musket, carpenter tools and 10,000 nails; signed by Ann A. Genn, witnessed by Opie Lindsey and John Lewis. No land appears in the inventory.

15 March 1720, Jane Sallaway, servant to Thomas Genn (1), voluntarily agreed to serve one year beyond indenture, on condition that Genn use his true endeavor to cure her of ailments she is now troubled with, by salvation or otherwise if thought justified.

15 January 1724, Mrs. Ann Opie willed that Ann Genn should have her suit of black poplin.

12 October 1728, William Hill of St. Stephen's Parish, sold to Thomas Genn (1) for 6000 pounds of tobacco, 100 acres, being part of an old plantation belonging to William Hill, and being part of a patent granted to Johnathan Hows, 2 October 1668. This is the first reference to land being acquired by Thomas Genn, our direct ancestor.

16 August 1733, Thomas Genn (1) attended court for 18 days as evidence in a suit between William Hill and John Barecroft, and requested payment.

13 February 1737, "Ordinary" license granted to James Genn (2?) to keep an "Ordinary" at the courthouse for this county ... he having performed what the law requires in such cases. We interpret "Ordinary" to be an Ordinary License to operate a tavern or eating house.

12 March 1738, Mary Dolan, servant of Thomas Genn (1), was convicted of delivering a bastard child at the house of her master. She was ordered to serve an extra year of indenture. Mary Dolan refused to pay a fine and the sheriff was ordered to give her 20 lashes at the common whipping post.

6 July 1751, Thomas Genn (1) of St. Stephen's Parish sold to John Duglas, for 5000 pounds of crop tobacco, 100 acres, being part of a plantation belonging to William Hill that Thomas Genn (1) purchased in 1728.

By the year 1739, the children of Thomas Genn (1) and James Genn (1) start to appear in the various records:

19 December 1739, James Genn (9) of St. Stephen's Parish, Northumberland County, sold to Robert Alexander, of St. Mary's White Chappel Parish, Lancaster County, for 45 pounds, the land generally known by the name of Denis Eies' Old Plantation, being 150 acres. This land had been purchased in 1718 by James Genn (1), father of James Genn (9).

26 May 1740, James Genn (9) purchased 400 acres in Hambleton Parish from William and Jemimah Hacknoy for 45 pounds.

21 August 1746, James Genn (9) purchased 110 acres on Falmouth Road and Walnut Branch from John Higgins for 25 pounds.

22 August 1746, James Genn (9) sold 235 acres on Elk Marsh and Tinpot Run to John Higgins for 25 pounds.

15 October 1746, Thomas Genn, Jr. (2), plaintiff, against William Smith, defendant, in a suit over a bill. 14 April 1747, Genn won payment. 12 May 1747, Genn recovered Sterling 21/3/9.

21 May 1748, James Genn (9) purchased 150 acres (adjacent to 400 acres purchased 26 May 1740) from John Wood for 50 pounds.

11 November 1753, Deeds of Lease and Release from Thomas Genn, Jr. (2), ship carpenter, to John Harford, was acknowledged by Genn. Sarah, the wife of Genn, gave up her right of dowers to 50 acres.

James Genn (9), son of James Genn (1), married Hannah, had children Thomas Genn (6) and James Genn (10). From about 1739 to 1750 they owned and occupied an estate on the Falmouth Road near the site of the village of Catlett.

James Genn (9) accumulated at least 1415 acres, in Prince William County and Orange County, Virginia. Five land grants were made to James Genn (9) as recorded in "Northern Neck Grants and Surveys" and "Virginia Northern Neck Grants 1742

Right Honorable Thomas Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, Proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia, grants unto Mr. James Genn, of Prince William County,.... (description of the grant) ....for the rent of one shilling sterling money for every fifty acres of the land hereby granted, yearly and every year on the feast day of Saint Michael the Archangel ...dated 5 June in the nineteenth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second (1746).

The five grants were described as follows:

F-244 Genn, James, 5 June 1746, Prince William County, 235 acres on the branches of the Elk Marsh and Tinpot Run, adjoining Cocke, Dodd, etc. 5 June 1746.

F
County. Surveyed by Mr. John. Adjacent to John Higgins'
now said Genn's, Benjamine Newton, Timothy Dorgan & ..., Cedar Run tract, Late Mr. Secretary Carter, Rogues Road,
... Quantico Road, Thomas Stamps. 5 August 1747.

G

G

G

James Genn's (9) profession was that of a surveyor. The will of Robert Green of Orange County, Virginia makes two references to surveying:

"a survey made recently by James Ginn"
"Lately surveyed by James Ginn"

and we construe this to be our James Genn (9).


The Hamilton

In 1746 James Genn (9) assisted in the survey of the boundaries of the Northern Neck and in 1747 had surveyed Lord Fairfax's boundaries of the South Branch and on the Greenway Court Manor.


The South Branch Manor, next in importance to the Manor of Leeds, contained 54,596 acres. It was surveyed by James Genn (9) 31 March 1747 and in Thomas Bryan Martin's patent, 21 August 1767, is described as lying on the Wappacomo, or Great South Fork, of the Potomac River in Hampshire County.

There are recorded between 31 March 1747 and 11 June 1749 some 36 land surveys carried out or supervised by James Genn (9). There is also one done by a Thomas Genn, possibly Thomas Genn (2). These are recorded as follows:

Charles Dewit, 10 January 1747, 880 a. on Negro Run, surveyed by James Genn.

Capt. John Grant, deceased, of Prince William Co., 300 acres, 300 Acres, 400 Acres, 400 Acres, 11 December 1747

James Green, 200 Acres, by James Genn, 5 February 1748.


Surveys listed in "Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants", as follows:

F-305: Mr. John Ralls of Stafford Co., 676 Acres, re

G-86: Richard Foote of Stafford Co., 400 acres in Orange Co. Surveyed by John Bayliss for James Genn, 19 July 1748.

G-90: Richard Foote of Stafford Co., 300 acres in Orange Co. Surveyed by James Genn, 19 July 1748.

G-98: John Zimmerman of Orange Co., 556 Acres, by John Baylis for James Genn, 23 July 1748.

G-101: Anthony Strother of Orange Co., 135 Acres, by James Genn, 26 July 1748.

G-102: Francis Strother of Orange Co., 1333 Acres, by John Bayliss for James Genn, 27 July 1748.

G-105: Gabriel Jones of Orange Co., 1000 Acres, by John Bayliss for James Genn, 10 August 1748.

G-110: John Lacy of Orange Co., 400 Acres, by James Genn, 14 August 1748.

G-111: John Jones of Orange Co., 400 Acres, by James Genn, 14 August 1748.

G-152: David Thompson of Frederick Co., 312 Acres, by James Genn, 1 June 1749.

G-153: ..... 321 Acres, by James Genn, 2 June 1749.

G-154: ..... Power Hasel of Frederick Co., 328 Acres, by James Genn, 3 June 1749.

G-155: ..... 280 Acres, by James Genn, 5 June 1749.

G-156: Nicholas Crist of Frederic Co., 167 Acres, by James Genn, 6 June 1749.
G-157: Joseph Hamlin of Frederick Co., 289 Acres, by James Genn, 7 June 1749.

G-158: John Parker of Frederic Co., 312 Acres, by James Genn, 8 June 1749.

G-159: Mathew Rogers of Frederick Co., 379 Acres, by James Genn, 10 June 1749.

G-160: Jacob Good, 394 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-161: Joseph Walter of Frederick Co., 238 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-162 to G

G-167: Joseph Robinson of Frederick Co., 332 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-168: Philip Martin of Kent Co., 283 Acre, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-170: George Fairfax, Esq. of Fairfax Co., 3023 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-173: John Woodfin of Frederick Co., 400 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-177: William Strother of Orange Co., 400 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-180: James Pendleton of Culpeper Co., 300 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-181: John Reynolds of Culpeper Co., 370 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

G-182 and G-183: Thomas Baker of Orange Co., 400 Acres, 309 Acres, by John Baylis for James Genn, 7/8 June 1749.

G-185 and G-186: 497 Acres, 420 Acres, by James Genn,
10 June 1749.

G-187: Henry Vanmeter of Frederick Co.,405 Acres, by James Genn, 11 June 1749.

O-72: Thomas Bryan Martin of Frederick Co., 54,596 Acres, by James Genn, 31 March 1747.

O-74: Philip Martin Esq.: 10,000 acres, in Hampshire Co., Surveyed 8 Apr. 1747, by Mr. James Genn.

O-75: Thomas Bryan Martin of Frederick Co. 1550 A. in Hampshire Co. Surveyed 8 April 1747 by Mr. James Genn.

R-217: John Keller of Lancaster Co. Penn., 300 A. Surveyed Nov 1749 by James Genn.

W-295: Wilson Miles Carey acting Exr. of George William Fairfax, dec'd, 2225 A. surveyed by James Genn, 26 Jan 1747.

A more interesting episode in the life of James Genn (9), the Surveyor, was the occasion during a surveying expedition in March and April of 1748 that James Genn (9) was accompanied by George Washington. It was during this expedition that George Washington, age 16, not only learned his surveying skills but experienced his first exposure to life in the wilderness. The story is well presented in "George Washington, a Biography", by Douglas Southall Freeman (seven volumes) Volume One, Chapter V. While the subject of the story is George Washington, we are provided some insight into the skills and character of our James
Genn (9).

From pages 202 to 223 we have selected the following extracts:

".... A surveying party was about to start for the remote South Branch of the Potomac. James Genn, a veteran Surveyor, was to be in charge; the Proprietor was to be represented by George William Fairfax (age 23, son of Col. William Fairfax). If George (Washington) cared to do so, he could go with the party. (After gaining his mother's permission, he elected to go along.)

The other members of the party were identified as: Henry Ashby and Richard Taylor as chainmen, Robert Ashby as marker and William Lindsey as pilot. The 11th of March, 1748, was fixed as the date for leaving Mount Vernon and Belvoir.

The next morning, March 12, 1748, up rode James Genn, the commissioned county Surveyor of Prince William, who lived on the road to Falmouth. (Footnote: Near the present Catletts, Landmarks, 507.) Genn had been one of the men responsible for the survey in 1746 of the boundaries of the proprietary and had been employed, also, on other works for Lord Fairfax. A more experienced Surveyor than Genn for drawing lines in the frontier woods it scarcely could have been George's good fortune to find in Virginia.

Under Genn's guidance, the two young gentlemen left Neville's ("Ordinary", an inn) and passed over the round hills of what subsequently was Fauquier County.

On Monday morning, March 14, the baggage of the surveying party was sent to the house of Jost Hite near Frederick Town; Genn, Fairfax and George proceeded on their own mounts along the river bank where early settlers had cleared some of the finest land and had planted it in grain, in hemp and in tobacco.

By the 15th, Genn probably had finished recruiting his chainmen and other assistants and had prepared to run a line around parts of Cates and Long Marshes. The party set out eagerly but soon encountered a rain, which increased so much in severity that the surveyors had to seek shelter.

They waited and chafed and, when the sun finally came out again about 1 o'clock, they decided to resume their work. Much ground was covered before darkness sent the entire party back to Pennington's (home of Isaac Pennington). George, being inexperienced, did not make an examination of the beds. His weariness led him to disrobe as if he were at home, and then to seek rest. He was horrified, when he went to the sleeping quarters, to find that his "bed" was matted straw with nothing over it except one threadbare blanket..... He soon discovered that blanket and bed were an independent establishment of vermin so numerous that they seemed to weigh as much as the blanket itself..... When the light at last was carried out, George jumped up,..... put on his clothes and lay down, fully clad, on the floor with the other members of the party. (This incident gives a whole new meaning to the declaration that, "George Washington slept here.")

(March 18,) ...the Potomac ...was six feet above normal and rising. As Surveyor Genn planned to cross the river and to proceed along a trail on the Maryland side, he was balked.

By the afternoon of the third day on the Potomac, Sunday, March 20, the surveyors reasoned they could swim their horses across the Potomac, could return to the Virginia side and, the next day, could carry their belongings to the Maryland shore in a canoe. It was a bit reckless, perhaps, but it was successful.

Wednesday (March 23) .....After noon the downfall ended and the skies cleared; but the Potomac was too high and the road too wet for Genn to think of riding farther up the river bank to the point where he intended to re-cross to the Virginia side. There was the prospect of continued boredom when, to the surprise of all and to the particular delight of George, thirty Indians appeared from nowhere. They were a war party, they told their friend Cresap, but they were somewhat chagrined to own that their expedition had been unprofitable. One scalp was all they had to show for their hardships and their journey.

Presently, from the store of liquor the surveyors carried with them, a friendly offering was tendered the redmen..... they stretched a deerskin over (a pot) to make a drum. Another savage brought a gourd...in it were shot enough to yield a rattle. Other natives ... were clearing a piece of ground and fetching wood.. ... they soon had a roaring fire around which they seated themselves in a circle. ...a lithe savage jumped into the circle as if he were dazed with sleep. The comedy was entrancing. Other Indians joined the first performer; the drummer and the man with the rattle began their accompaniment of the dance. George watched closely and later he wrote carefully in his journal a brief account of the whole occurrence.

The next day, Friday the 25th, the current of the river West of the mouth of the South Branch did not seem to be swift enough to endanger a horse that undertook to swim to the Virginia shore. The men, it appeared, could get across in a canoe. ...To reach Patterson Creek, via Maryland, had been Genn's aim from the first. Nightfall found him and his party at the farm of Abram Johnston, fifteen miles up the creek.

On the 29th, eighteen days after the start from Belvoir, the first tract of Rutledge's was surveyed. Then, on the 30th, the principal subdivision was taken in hand near the Stump settlement. The next day, for the first time on the expedition, George himself ran the lines of one of these surveys.

George William Fairfax on the 4th of April left the party temporarily, perhaps to arrange for new supplies. At the moment, there on the frontier, the absence of Fairfax deprived George of most of the fun of the expedition. Apparently, Genn and his assistants were not companionable.

In a wild region on the evening of the 8th, the surveyors pitched camp and lighted a fire. Then each man took out such food as he had, and proceeded to cook it. "Our spits," George recorded, "was forked sticks, our plates was a large chip; as for dishes, we had none."

George previously in his journal had made no mention of impending departure, but now he and Fairfax suddenly decided they had had enough of the wilderness or else their designated time was up. ...headed for the lower Potomac. The first evening they went to John Collins's for an early start the next day; on the 10th the two rode boldly over the hills and mountains that Genn had avoided, and, when they reached the settlement on the Cacapon, they estimated they had covered forty miles. Hard riding on the 11th brought them to Frederick Town by noon.

The two riders intended to make for Williams's Gap and then to proceed along the road to Belhaven. In some manner they lost direction and got as far South as Ashby's Gap before they discovered their mistake. Doubling back to Williams's was a tedious vexation.

When the journey ended the next day, April 13, for Fairfax at Belvoir and for George at Mount Vernon, their expedition to the Valley could not be described as an adventure of frontier hardship unflinchingly borne, but it could written down as compassing the most useful thirty

All the milder, less arduous experiences of the frontier had been crowded one upon another. Some days had been wet and tedious and some nights long and smoky, but George had learned that he could run a line in the wilderness. He had camped out; though neither with skill nor to his satisfaction, he had cooked his food over the flames, and he had slept by a fire in the open; he had been among Indians, and he had learned as much about their ways as he could in two days. Even if there had been an element of farce in the return ride, he had seen with his own eyes the fine western lands. He had felt the frontier.

That is all the space we can devote to Freeman. For more of this please refer to the original text.

James Genn (9), the Surveyor, died about 1750 to 1753. His estate was held by his wife, Hannah until it was challenged in the courts, for bad management, as follows:

25 August 1760, Petition of Benjamine and John Neavill, securities for Hanna Genn and Thomas Machen when they took upon themselves the executorship of James Genn's, deceased, estate and propose that they give them counter security or deliver the estate to them, and that John Baysie and Hannah, his wife, and Thomas Machen be summoned to appear at the next court to answer the said petition.

23 March 1761,On the petition of John Neavill and Benjamin Taylor setting forth that they were securitees for Hannah Genn and Thomas Machen's administration of the estate of James Genn, deceased, and that said estate is wasting and pray to be relieved from their securitiship by counter security, the said executors being summoned and failing to appear, ordered they give the said John and Benjamin counter security or to deliver to them the estate of the said deceased for their indemnification.

James Genn (10), son of James Genn (9), the Surveyor, married Celia Triplett, 28 February 1787, had a daughter Nancy.

James Genn (10) appears in the Faquier County, Virginia, records on several occasions:

October 1770, James Genn (10) sold 800 acres in Culpepper County, formerly Orange County, patented by his father in 1748, to Edmund Baysie for £90.

16 April 1771, James Genn (10) sold 280 acres in Culpepper County, formerly Orange County, patented by his father in 1748, to Martin Davenport for 3000 pounds of tobacco.

29 October 1771 James Genn (10) purchased 120 acres in Fauquier County from James and Frances Bashaw for £70.

26 May 1777, James Genn (10) witnessed the sale of 200 acres by John Baysie to George Carter.

14 June 1777, James Genn (10) sold 148 acres in Fauquier County to Nathan Mathews for £90.

1782, James Genn (10) leased 219 acres to Benton Mullikin for 500 pounds of tobacco per year as guardian for his brother Thomas.

1782, James Genn (10) paid one poll tax and five slave taxes.

1783, James Genn (10) paid tax on 774 acres.

1784, James Genn (10) paid tax on 774 acres.

26 April 1784, James Genn (10) entered a bond with Joseph Baysie to turn over land he may inherit from his brother Thomas that was willed to Thomas by his father.

24 November 1784, James Genn (10) assigned the lease on Thomas Genn's 219 acres from Benton Mullikin to Stephan Robinson.

1785, James Genn (10) paid tax on 774 acres.

1786, James Genn (10) paid tax on 555 acres.

18 May 1786, James Genn (10) sold 442 acres purchased by his father to Joseph Baysie for 7500 pounds of tobacco.

18 May 1786, Joseph Baysie released bond to James Genn (10) on 221 acres.

1 April 1787, James Genn (10) and Celia Genn sold 124.5 acres to Ambrose Barnett for 76 pounds.

2 April 1787, James Genn (10) witnessed the will of John Healey along with Celia Genn and James Bell.

1788, James Genn (10) received 19 days expenses at Dumfries, Virginia, for attending to the estate of John Healey.

1788, 1789, James Genn (10) paid taxes on 200 acres.

Revised: 01 April 2000

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