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Des Moines County >> 1888 Index

Portrait and Biographical Album of Des Moines County, Iowa
Chicago: Acme Publishing, 1888.


John W. Cadwallader, a highly respected pioneer of Burlington, was born in Delaware County, Ohio, Jan. 10, 1823, of Welsh parentage.  His father was the Rev. David Cadwallader, a native of Wales, who married Miss Mary Jones in his native country, and emigrated from Wales to America in 1820.  He at first settled at Baltimore, Md., but later moved to Delaware County, Ohio.  He was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was also engaged in farming at the time his death occured, Oct. 19, 1855.  His most estimable wife died of grief one month and three days later.

John W. Cadwallader spent his early life on his father's farm, and when of proper age was apprenticed to the tailor's trade at Columbus, Ohio. After serving his term of apprenticeship he worked a few years as a journeyman, and then went to New York, where his family had resided a few years during his youth.  He returned to Ohio, and on the breaking out of the Mexican War was ambitious of military honor, and hearing that Col. Stephenson was raising a regiment at New York, he hastened to join it, only to be disappointed on his arrival, finding the regiment full and in the act of embarking for the seat of war.  Mr. Cadwallader at once started to St. Louis, hearing that Col. Doniphan was there organizing a regiment.  Again he was doomed to disappointment, as he found on reaching St. Louis that Doniphan and his regiment had left the city en route for Santa Fe.  He then came to Burlington, Iowa, in the summer of 1846, and at last succeeded in being enrolled as a soldier for the Mexican War, enlisting in Capt. Morgan's company of mounted volunteers.  Still further disappointment awaited him, and the cherished wish of his heart, that of serving in Mexico, was defeated, as the Government, instead of sending the company to the front as expected, ordered them on detached service guarding Government property at Ft. Atkinson, and in conducting the Winnabago Indians to their new reservation on Crow Wing River, 100 miles north of St. Paul.  After fifteen months of service he was mustered out.Mr. Cadwallader returned to New York State on a visit, but another event as important as the Mexican War now attracted his attention, that of the gold fever of 1849.  He determined to go to California in search of wealth, instead of as formally, for glory.  He returned to Burlington in the spring of 1849, and joining two young men of equally adventurous spirit, they, with an outfit of four yoke of oxen, wagon, supplies, and a saddle horse each, joined the first wagon train westward bound.  They crossed the plains and reached the gold fields of California in 126 days from the date of departure.  Mr. Cadwallader spent three years in mining for gold in the placer diggings of the Sacramento River with fair success, and had the usual wild experiences of that region.  In 1853 he returned to the States, via the Isthmus and New York, and again located in Burlington.  After one year spent in the grocery trade he engaged in the transfer business at Burlington, at which he was employed seven years, and then resumed the grocery business for twelve years. Following that Mr. Cadwallader tried the brick business three years, satisfying his taste in that direction, and he then became a member of the firm of Wolverton & Co., forwarding and commission merchants.  Three years later he retired from that business and accepted the position of City Weighmaster, filling the same satisfactorily for a term of three years, since which time he has retired from active business, except the care of his property.Mr. Cadwallader was married at Burlington, Feb. 26, 1854, to Mrs. Roenna Rotharmel, widow of Peter Rotharmel, and daughter of Enoch and Rosanna (French) Jones.  Mrs. Cadwallader was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, Dec. 2, 1823.  She had two children by her former marriage:  May Eliza and Charles Henry, both deceased.  Of the latter marriage four children were born, only one of whom, a daughter, is living:  Amba Ella, wife of Eugene Buttles, grocer, of Burlington.  Mrs. Cadwallader is a member of the Congregational Church, of Burlington, having joined in 1850.  In addition to his other business experience Mr. Cadwallader has spent four years as wharfmaster of Burlington.  He is independent in politics, supporting the best man for office, regardless of party.  He joined the Odd Fellows in 1856, and is a member Washington Lodge No 1, the oldest lodge of the order in the State.  Mr. Cadwallader has been prominently know to the citizens of Burlington for forty-two years, and deserves and enjoys the highest respect of his fellow-citizens.

A. P. Caldwell, a retired farmer residing in Burlington, Iowa, was born in Indiana County, Pa., May 26, 1840, and is a son of Robert and Hannah Caldwell, who were natives of Ireland, and the parents of four children, two sons and two daughters. His boyhood days were spent on a farm in his native county, and his early education was received in the common schools. About the year 1854 he removed with his parents to Pittsburgh, Pa., residing there three years, during which time he again attended school, and in 1857 came with the family to Iowa, locating in Washington County, near Crawfordsville. Purchasing a farm of 200 acres of land he began its cultivation, and from that time until his retirement from active life he made farming and stock raising his occupation. On the 8th of December, 1881, at Burlington, Iowa, Mr. Caldwell was united in marriage with Miss Clara S. Biner, a daughter of Wesley and Rebecca Biner, who were natives of West Virginia, but are now residents of this city, which they have made their home for over a half-century, or since April 15, 1838. They were the parents of a family of five children, two sons and three daughters. Mrs. Caldwell was born in Union Township, Des Moines County, May 7, 1854, and when three years old removed to Long Creek with her parents, and when sixteen years of age went with them to Burlington, the family locating about a quarter of a mile from where she now resides.On the 22d of June, 1884, to Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell was born their only child, Ina Bell, who is now a bright little girl of four years. In the spring of 1886, with his wife and little daughter, he removed to the city of Burlington, where he purchased eight and one-half acres of land on West Avenue, making a fine home, and retired from active business. Religiously he is a member of the United Presbyterian Church, while his wife belongs to the Methodist Church. They are highly respected in the community where they reside, and are ranked among Des Moines County's best citizens.

Millard B. Calkins, fruit grower, and pioneer of Des Moines County, Iowa, of 1855, residing on section 36, Flint River Township, was born in Schoharie County, N. Y., March 8, 1837, and is a son of Elijah and Harriet (Hedge) Calkins, the former a native of New York and the latter of Connecticut. They were the parents of four children:  Summerfield, a real estate agent of Los Angeles, Cal.; our subject, second in order of birth; Celia, now Mrs. Backus, a resident of Gainesville, Ga.; and Annie, wife of John Cannon, also a resident of Gainesville, Ga.  The subject of this sketch received his education in his native State, where he remained upon the farm with his parents until 1855, and then came with his brother, Summerfield Calkins, to Des Moines County, Iowa.  He engaged as a farm hand for a while, and then, in connection with a Mr. Garside, operated a dairy for a short time.  In the fall of 1856, Mr. Calkins went with his brother to Nebraska City, making an overland journey.  The brother soon returned, but our subject remained for about two years, or until November, 1858, when he returned to Iowa. Returning to Burlington, Mr. Calkins enlisted in the Iowa State Militia, and when the President issued his call for 75,000 volunteers, he enrolled his name among the brave men who were willing to give their lives in defense of their country's flag.  On the 10th of October, 1861, he enlisted in the 14th Iowa Infantry and served three years.  The regiment was organized at Davenport, Iowa, from thence proceeded to St. Louis, and from Cairo went to Tennessee, where they participated in the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson.  The regiment was next ordered to Shiloh, where they participated in that famous battle, Mr. Calkins there being taken prisoner.  The Colonel of the brave 14th regiment drew his men up in line, with the intention of cutting their way out, but the opposing forces were too great and they were unsuccessful.  Among the last to leave the battlefield was Mr. Calkins. Seeing one of his comrades badly wounded, he stopped to carry him into the hospital tent, while the balls were flying through the air, piercing the tent in many places and falling thickly around them.  At last the tent was reached, and boxes were piled up to protect the sufferers, and the cries of the wounded and dying made the strongest-hearted quail.  In this tent many of the boys of the 14th regiment passed to their rest, and now lie quietly sleeping on the battlefields of the Sunny South.  In the meantime, the rebels were capturing all the soldiers possible.  Riding up to the tent they called for the "Yanks" to come out.  One of the rebels, who was mounted upon a horse and held a loaded revolver in his hands, ordered Mr. Calkins to take hold of his saddle stirrup, and then, putting whip to his horse, went dashing through the brush and under the heavy bombardment of the Union gun-boats, the shot and shell flying thick and fast around them.  The prisoners were placed in a corn field with no protection from the rain, which was then falling in torrents, and there were compelled to remain all night, dawn showing many lifeless bodies of the boys in blue lying in the mud.  In the morning, the rebels were drawn into line, their muskets pointed at the prisoners, and the command given "double quick," in order to keep the prisoners from being recaptured by the Union forces.  They were taken to Corinth, fifty-four being loaded in a car for Memphis, from which city they were taken to Mobile, Ala.  The treatment Mr. Calkins had received brought on typhoid fever, and he was left in the hospital, where he remained for two months, and then was taken to Montgomery, Ala., from thence to Chattanooga, Tenn., where he was parolled.  He was sent to Bridgeport Landing to be exchanged, but was not received, and so was sent back to Chattanooga.  This proved a deep disappointment to the boys, who were expecting to be able to get home.  Mr. Calkins lay sick at Chattanooga for awhile; then was sent to Atlanta, where he was confined in the hospital for about four weeks, when he was sent to Macon, Ga., remaining there until October; then was again parolled and sent to Richmond, and thus once more disappointed in being allowed to go home.  He next was sent to the loathsome Libby Prison, and from there to Indianapolis, Ind.  The difference of their life now from that of the rebel prison was so great that the soldiers began to improve at once. Pure air and clean, wholesome food soon brought a great change in Mr. Calkins, he gaining fifty pounds in five weeks.  From Indianapolis he was sent to Chicago, from thence to St. Louis, and while in the latter city took what the boys call a "French furlough" and came home, remaining thirty days. Returning to St. Louis, he again lay sick in the barracks there until February, 1863, when he was discharged on account of disability caused from disease contracted while in the loathsome prisons of the South. Returning home after being discharged, Mr. Calkins again turned his attention to farming, though his frail health does not permit him to perform all the duties which devolve upon a farmer.  On the 9th of October, 1864, he was united in marriage with Sarena Seamans, who was born in Des Moines County, Feb. 8, 1841, and is a daughter of Benjamin B. and Jane (Crawford) Seamans, who settled in this county in October, 1834.  They were the parents of nine children, four of whom are yet living:  Serena; Benjamin B., Jr., a farmer residing near Mount Pleasant, Iowa; James, a builder and contractor of Kansas City; Nancy L., widow of John Walker, is a resident of Kansas City.  Mr. Seamans died in California in 1850.  He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, the owner of 100 acres of land, and one of Des Moines County's respected citizens.  The mother, who is a member of the Presbyterian Church, is yet living at the age of eighty-two and makes her home with her children in Kansas City. Mr. and Mrs. Calkins have been the parents of five children:  Edwin M., born Feb. 21, 1866, is a machinist in the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad shops at West Burlington; Ella L., born Feb. 2, 1868; Annie J., born March 28, 1870; Katie L., born July 28, 1872; and Leroy D., born April 17, 1878.  Mr. and Mrs. Calkins, with four of their children, belong to the Congregational Church of West Burlington.  Mr. Calkins is a member of the G. A. R. Post of Burlington, is a Republican in politics, has filled various township offices of trust, and is the owner of forty acres of land adjoining the city. 

Bryce Campbell, one of the highly esteemed pioneers of Burlington, Iowa, was born in Dunduff, Ayrshire, Scotland, March 31, 1819, and is a son of John Campbell, who was born in Ayrshire in 1794.  His mother, Jean (Girvan) Campbell, was born in 1796.  Their union was celebrated July 27, 1814, and six children were born to them:  Isabelle, born April 22, 1815, died Nov. 18, 1816; John, born Oct. 18, 1816, became the husband of Margaret Gray, by whom he had eight children, all of whom are deceased; Bryce, of this sketch; Margaret G., born in Drumcoree, Ireland, July 8, 1822, and died in Burlington, Sept. 23, 1886; Mary, born in County Down, Dec. 17, 1823, became the wife of James Allen, and died at Burns Cottage, Alloway, Scotland, June 24, 1665 (sic); William, born April 9, 1825, and resides in Burlington. About the year 1822, John Campbell removed to Ireland, five years later again became a resident of Scotland, and in 1839 removed to Yorkshire, England, where died Oct. 18, 1843.  Soon after his death, Mrs. Campbell returned to Scotland, where she died in 1871.  They were lifelong Presbyterians, upright, honorable people, and highly respected. Bryce Campbell, our subject, was educated in his native country, and at the age of sixteen was apprenticed to learn the trade of carpenter and joiner, serving four years.  For the first three and a half years of his apprenticeship he received only his board, and for the last six months received, in addition, six shillings per week.  On the 19th of October, 1848, at the Parish Church, in the Parish of Leeds, County of York, Mr. Campbell wedded Miss Jane Rowling, who was born March 9, 1821, in that parish.  By this union there were three children:  Joseph R., of Washington, Iowa; Jane, wife of John Gillis, of Burlington; and Maggie, who died in infancy.  The death of Mrs. Campbell occurred Nov. 26, 1857.  She was reared a Methodist, but afterward, with her husband, joined the Mormons.  In 1853 Mr. Campbell left England, landed at New Orleans, and by steamer came to Keokuk, where he joined a party of Mormons, and went to Salt Lake City.  As there were not enough teams for all on this journey, none but the women and children were allowed to ride, the men having to make their way on foot, wading the streams, and many times having to carry their wives across on their backs, the water being waist deep.  After arriving in Salt Lake City, Mr. Campbell built a house, but when the leaders wanted him to deed it to the Church and also marry several wives, he, considering this an imposition, sold his property at a great sacrifice, and in 1857 came to Burlington, where he has since followed his trade. Mr. Campbell's second union was formed with Mrs. Gent, widow of Henry Gent, who by her first union had two children--Edgar, of Wisconsin, and Byron, of Burlington.  By this second union there is one child, Marian, wife of Willis A. Pruden, of this city.  In politics Mr. Campbell is a Republican. Socially, he is an Odd Fellow, becoming a member of the Loyal Farmers' M. U. Lodge, No. 842, I. O. O. F. of England, in 1840, now belonging to Washington Lodge, No. 1; and is also a member of the Knights of Pythias, Friendship Lodge, No. 11, of which he is one of the charter members, and in which he has been Past Chancellor, also holding several subordinate offices.  In 1878 Mr. Campbell was appointed District Deputy Grand Chancellor, and served six or seven years.

William Campbell, a resident of Burlington, Iowa, was born in Coleraine County Down, Ireland, April 9, 1825, of Scotch parentage.  When but a small child, his parents removed to Ayrshire, Scotland, and when fourteen years of age he went to Yorkshire, England, apprenticed to a gardener, and remained nine years.  After which he moved to Sheffield, and worked three years for George Westenholm, the great cutlery manufacturer. Mr. Campbell became acquainted with and married Miss Mary Littlewood, a daughter of Joseph and Ann Littlewood, who were the parents of the following children:  Ann, who married William Robinson, a resident of Derbyshire, England; Mary, the honored wife of our subject; Emily, wife of George Simmons, of Nottingham, England; Ruth, wife of a Mr. Drabble, of Yorkshire; Jane, who died in England; Paul Samuel, also a resident of Yorkshire; Joseph and George, both of England.  Joseph Littlewood died in Derbyshire, England in 1866; his wife is still living at the age of ninety.  They were reared in the Episcopal Church, and later became members of that body. After leaving Sheffield, Mr. Campbell went into a nursery at London, where he remained three months, and then removed to Norfolk, and remained there until 1854, when he left England, crossed the Atlantic and landed in the United States, first locating in Salt Lake City.  Not being favorably disposed toward the modes and customs of the people and Church, he went to Ogden City, and in 1857 left Utah, removing to Platte County, Mo., becoming a resident of Burlington in 1866, since which time he has made it his home. Politically, he is a Republican, but in elections of the city or county votes for the man he thinks will best fill the position.  Mr. Campbell and his estimable wife are honest, upright people, and are highly respected for their good qualities.

Charles A. Cameron, Superintendent of the Stock-Yards at St. Joseph, Mo., and a resident of Burlington, Iowa, was born in Campbell, Va., Dec. 7, 1840, and his parents, John D. and Nancy (Rogers) Cameron, were early pioneers of Des Moines County, Iowa.  Our subject was educated at the Iowa Wesleyan University of Mt. Pleasant, and enlisted in the late war April 16, 1861, as a private of Company E, 1st Iowa Infantry, which was organized under the first call for volunteers for three months in the War of the Union.  He participated in the battle of Wilson's Creek during the three-months service, but was mustered out Aug. 16, 1861, and the following year organized Company G of the 39th Iowa Infantry, of which he was commissioned Captain.  He participated in the battle at Parker's Cross Roads, West Tennessee, fought Forrest through Middle Tennessee, was with Sherman on his famous March to the Sea, took part in the battle of Resaca and before Atlanta, was engaged in all the battles from Savannah to Richmond, and was under fire at Bentonville, where occurred the last engagement of the war. Thus his army life extended from the time of the first call for troops to put down the Rebellion, to the time when the last battle was fought and the war ended, a record of which but few can boast, and during this time he escaped without a wound. On his return from the army, Mr. Cameron was employed on the Burlington & Missouri Railroad as a civil engineer under Hans Thielsen, chief of the engineering department, and spent five years in that service, when he was made Superintendent of Bridge Construction, in which capacity he served two years.  Leaving the Burlington & Missouri Road, he then went to Texas and built bridges for the International Railroad, from the Brazos River to Long View.  After the completion of that work, Mr. Cameron again engaged with the Burlington & Missouri road, having charge of track, bridges and buildings from Burlington to Quincy, and from Quincy to Louisiana.  Remaining in that capacity until the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad acquired the St. Louis & Rock Island Road, he then secured employment with that line, and was placed in charge of track, water, bridges and buildings, in connection with his former duties.  Mr. Cameron remained in charge of that department until June, 1878, when he took charge of the bridges, buildings and water on the Iowa Division of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, continuing the same until Jan. 1, 1887, when he resigned to engage in the construction of the new stock-yards at St, Joseph, Mo., and having completed the building of the yards, he was appointed Superintendent of the same, which position he has held until the present time. On the 5th of January, 1880, Mr. Cameron formed a matrimonial alliance with Miss Eleanor Williams, widow of George Williams, and daughter of Stephen O'Grady.  Mrs. Cameron was born in County Limerick, Ireland, May 15, 1856, and came with her parents to America in infancy.  She was reared at Galesburg, Ill., and there her father and mother both departed this life. One child, Anna, was born to Mrs. Cameron by her first marriage.  Five children were born of the second union, two sons and three daughters--Nancy F., born Nov. 16, 1880; Eleanor, May 13, 1882; Charles A., Sept. 22, 1884; Willie Shepherd, Nov. 8, 1886; and Josephine, Sept. 20, 1887.  In politics Mr. Cameron is a Democrat.  His wife was reared in the Catholic faith and is a member of that Church. Mr. Cameron's record shows him to have been a patriotic and brave officer, who responded promptly to the first call of the Government for troops to suppress the armed resistance to the laws, and that he served faithfully until the last gun was fired and the cause for which he fought had triumphed.  As a railroad man he has had twenty-seven years experience in responsible positions that acquired the skill of an expert engineer, executive ability and practical mechanical knowledge.  That his duties were discharged with fidelity is attested by the fact of his long service for one company.

Henry D. Cameron, a farmer and stockraiser, residing on section 9, Union Township, Des Moines County, Iowa, was born in the city of Burlington, on the 26th of April, 1837, of Scotch ancestry, and is a son of James and Salena (Mann) Cameron, both of whom were natives of Kentucky.  They removed to Rockville, Parke County, Ind., in an early day, and there their marriage was celebrated.  In 1835 they became residents of Burlington, and three years later Mr. Cameron was elected Sheriff of Des Moines County for three consecutive terms.  In those days, the sheriff was also collector and treasurer of the county, and through his hands all the tax money had to pass.  He was elected by the Whig party, before the organization of the Republican party.  On becoming a resident of Des Moines County, James Cameron purchased about 360 acres of land in Union Township, adding to this purchase from time to time, until at his death he was the owner of 522 acres, besides some city property.  He was called to his final rest Nov. 10, 1845, his wife, who was a member of the First Baptist Church of Burlington, surviving him until Aug. 24, 1880.  Mr. and Mrs. Cameron were the parents of ten children:  Mary E., widow of John S. David, is a resident of Burlington; Sarah is the wife of Jacob Leffler, whose sketch appears on another page of this work; James B. went to California in 1851, enlisted in the 1st California Infantry, and died while in service in New Mexico; Arthur W. crossed the plains to California in 1852, was taken sick with typhoid fever, and died in the fall of that year; Martha, deceased wife of Col. David Remick, who resides near Los Angeles, Cal.; Henry D.; Robert, a resident of Burlington; Josiah M. was a member of the 1st Iowa Cavalry, was killed by guerrillas, May 22, 1862, in Missouri, while fighting for his country; Joseph went to California in 1863, and died in that State the same year; Edward W. is a farmer in Union Township, Des Moines County.

The subject of this sketch was educated in he district schools and also those in Burlington, and his early life was spent upon the farm.  After the death of his father he took charge of the home farm, and has for some time turned his attention to raising stock.  He is a practical farmer, and everything about his place denotes thrift and energy.  Mr. Cameron has held the office of Township Trustee and was for several years Township Clerk.  He has always been one of the leading men of the county, and has ever been identified with its public interests.  His farm is one of the finest in Union Township, and the improvements are all of the most modern character. Mr. Cameron and his estimable wife are both members of the Presbyterian Church, in which body he has held the offices of Elder and Deacon.  In his political views, he is a stalwart Republican.  He is one of the Des Moines County respected citizens.On the 18th of December, 1867, Henry D. Cameron and Miss Emma L. Sunderland, a native of Parke County, Ind., were united in marriage. She was born April 12, 1848, and is a daughter of John and Nancy (Sigerson) Sunderland, whose sketch will be found on another page of this work.

John D. Cameron, deceased, a pioneer of Des Moines County, of April, 1841, was born in Amherst County, Va., Oct. 25, 1798, and was a son of Allen and Jane Cameron, the father a native of Virginia and the mother of Tennessee. Our subject was reared on a farm, and on attaining manhood adopted farming as a vocation.  On the 29th of April, 1827, at Rogersville, East Tennessee, he was united in marriage with Miss Nancy F. Rogers, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Amos) Rogers.  Mrs. Cameron was born Jan. 6, 1809, at Rogersville, a village which has been named out of respect for her family, who were early pioneers of that region.  Mr. and Mrs. Cameron were blessed with a family, of five sons and five daughters, all of whom are living except two.  The eldest, Mary J., was born March 29, 1828, and is now the wife of P. C. Groupe, of Los Angeles, Cal.; Joseph R., born Oct. 13, 1829, wedded Miss Nancy E. Whitford, and is a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church of the North Iowa Conference; Hannibal S., born Feb. 16, 1832, died Feb. 23, 1838; Lucy A., born May 11, 1834, is the widow of Amos L. McMichael, and resides in Burlington; John T., born June 28, 1836, is the husband of Miss Rosanna McMichael, and resides in Arkansas City, Ark.; West P., born Oct. 24, 1838, wedded Miss Jourdie Massie, who is now deceased; Charles A., born Dec. 7, 1840, married Mrs. Elenora (O'Grady) Williams, and resides at Burlington; Margaret A., born Aug. 5, 1844, died May 30, 1869; Matilda L., born Jan. 10, 1846, is the wife of Gilman C. Mudgett, of Sanborn, Dakota; and Ellen E., born Sept. 3, 1852, is the wife of H. H. Watton, of Burlington. Mr. Cameron emigrated from Cabell County, now W. Va., by boat, by way of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, to Burlington, Iowa, in the spring of 1841, reaching this city April 29.  He purchased a farm in Franklin Township, where he made his home until his death (which occurred July 2, 1863), and there engaged in stock-raising and farming.  He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in politics was an old-line Democrat of the Jackson school.  He was a worthy citizen and highly respected.  His widow survives him and makes her home with her son, Charles A.

Carlisle Canterburyresides on section 29, Pleasant Grove Township.  When Des Moines County formed part of the Territory of Michigan, when its now beautiful homes were vast prairies, when its inhabitants consisted of but a few white people and a large number of Indians, Mr. Canterbury became a resident.  In July, 1834, with his parents, he crossed the river and landed in Des Moines County.  He is a native of Sangamon County, Ill., born Dec. 7, 1832, and a son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Morgan) Canterbury, the former a native of Sangamon County, Ill., and the latter of the Buckeye State.  The paternal grandfather of our subject was Asa Canterbury, a native of Kentucky, who was one of the pioneer farmers of Sangamon County, Ill., where he died in the fall of 1853.  The maternal grandfather was William Morgan, a pioneer and well-known citizen of Des Moines County, who for several terms was Probate Judge.  His death occurred in 1866, aged about eighty years. Isaac Canterbury, the father of our subject, was reared upon a farm in Sangamon County, Ill., where he grew to manhood, was united in marriage with Elizabeth Morgan, and there rented land until 1834, when he emigrated to Des Moines County, entering a claim three miles south of the present city of Burlington, then known as Flint Hills.  In 1837 he sold that farm and removed to Danville Township, settling near Middletown, where he entered land and developed a farm.  He added to his possessions until he had 400 acres of fine land, upon which he was residing at the time of his death, which occurred April 21, 1848, at the age of thirty-eight years.  The mother still survives him, and is now making her home in Lucas County, Iowa, with her daughter, Mrs. Conrad.  Mr. Canterbury was a devoted member of the Christian Church, to which organization his wife also belonged.  A public-spirited man, he always took an active interest in the affairs of the community, was a leader in his neighborhood, and aided largely in all public enterprises.  Politically, he was a Whig.  They were the parents of six children:  Matilda, wife of William Woodard, of Decatur County, Iowa, where he is engaged in the practice of law; our subject; Margaret, widow of Henry N. Jackson, resides in Marion County, Iowa; Maria wedded R. B. Conrad, of Lucas County, Iowa; John is engaged in farming in Fremont County, Iowa; Cynthia A. is the wife of Frederick Leahart, a resident of Lucas County, Iowa. Our subject was reared on a farm in this county and received such education as could be obtained in the pioneer school-house.  At the age of twenty he was united in marriage with Ann Ramsey, the ceremony being performed on the 5th of May, 1853.  Mrs. Canterbury was a native of Ohio and is a daughter of Michael Ramsey, a pioneer settler of Des Moines County.  The young couple began their domestic life upon a rented farm, where they remained until 1856, and then removed to Mahaska County, Iowa, where Mr. Canterbury purchased a farm, on which they made their home until 1862.  On the 28th of August of that year he enlisted in his country's service, becoming a member of Company E, 1st Iowa Cavalry, and serving as a private until March 12, 1866, when he received his discharge.  He participated in all the battles of his regiment, and at Little Rock, Ark., was wounded by a gun-shot in the left leg, which disabled him for several months. After his return from the war in which he had fought so nobly and well, Mr. Canterbury rented a farm of 490 acres on section 29, Pleasant Grove Township, a part of which is his present home.  For three years he continued to rent and then purchased 227 acres of the same farm.  As a farmer he is energetic and systematic, and everything about his land denotes thrift and industry.  Mr. Canterbury was honored by his fellow-citizens by the office of Marshall of New London, which he held for a term of three years.  He was a competent and faithful officer, and during his service captured the noted horse-thief D. C. Horton.  He also made the arrest of a burglar, who was concealed in a cellar, and was the means of sending him to the penitentiary. To Mr. and Mrs. Canterbury were born two children.  Asenath, the eldest, died when but five years of age; Mary M. is now the wife of Finley Van Sayoc, who is a resident of Pleasant Grove Township, Des Moines County, Iowa.  On the 7th of February, 1884, Mrs. Canterbury was called to her final home, at the age of fifty years.  She was a member of the Methodist Protestant Church.  Mr. Canterbury was again married on July 14, 1886--Miss Abbie T. Fuller, a daughter of Joseph C. Fuller, of New London, Iowa, becoming his wife.  They have one child, Amos W.  Socially, Mr. Canterbury is a member of the I. O. O. F., and, politically, he is a stalwart Republican, firmly believing in the principles of that party.  For fifty-four years he has been a resident of Des Moines County, during which time he has gained the entire confidence of the people.

Orlando E. Capen, passenger conductor of the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railroad, having been in the employ of that company for sixteen years, was born at Oconomowoc, Wis., April 2, 1852, and is a son of D. D. and Eliza (Warner) Capen. His father was a farmer by occupation, who settled in Wisconsin at an early day. Orlando was reared on his father's farm, receiving a common-school education, and when twenty years of age, in 1872, he came to Iowa and engaged with the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railroad Company as brakesman, making his home at Cedar Rapids. A year and a half later he was made conductor, and in 1883 was promoted to passenger conductor.Mr. Capen was united in marriage at Clinton, Iowa, Sept. 27, 1882, to Miss Nellie Connors, daughter of John Connors, of that city. Mrs. Capen was born at Clinton, Iowa, and was there reared and educated. Two children were born or their union, a son and a daughter, Ida E. and Lester E., the birthplace of both being Cedar Rapids. Mr. Capen continued to reside in that city until April, 1887, when he removed to Burlington, his present place of residence. He is a member of the Order of Railraod Conductors, is a Republican in politics, has had fourteen years' experience in his position, and is esteemed a safe and competent officer.

John Carden is a farmer residing on section 36, Danville Township.  For thirty-one years he has been a resident of Des Moines County, and in all these years has been identified with the growth, the prosperity and the social life of the new country.  William Carden, father of our subject, was born in England and reared near Manchester.  He was married in his native land to Sarah Radcliff, and in 1819 they emigrated in America, locating in Hamilton County, Ohio.  They landed at Philadelphia, and from there were freighted across the mountains to Pittsburgh, whence they floated down the Ohio River to Cincinnati, which was then but a small village, and exhibited but little promise of the great commercial importance which she now bears. William Carden prospected a short time in the neighborhood, and finally rented a tract of land near where the village of New Baltimore is now located.  He came to America a poor man, and accumulated but little property until the removal of the family to this county in 1857.  Their eldest child, Ann, who was twice married, the last husband being Andrew Hamill, was born in England.  Both are long since deceased, and never came to this State. The next daughter, Margaret, was born in Hamilton County; she married Daniel Nelson, of Butler County, Ohio, who came to Mahaska County, Iowa, in 1843, and she yet resides there, his widow.  He was an extensive farmer of that county.  Our subject was the third child, born July 27, 1829.  Next came Mary, who wedded R. Carter, a farmer of Hamilton County, Ohio, near Cincinnati.  William, deceased, in Ohio married Isabel S. Miller, who survives him, and is a resident of Danville Township, Des Moines County. James married in Ohio, came to Oskaloosa, Iowa, and after the death of his wife returned to Ohio, married Sarah Smith, and is now a resident of Hamilton County, Ohio, near Harrison.  Sarah married David Cornic, who also came to Iowa, and settled near Oskaloosa; she died there in 1869, and Mr. Cornic went to Harper County, Kan., where his death occurred in 1887.  Of that county he was one of the first settlers, taking a claim, and later entering a large tract of land, now owned by his children.  Hannah is the wife of John Crawford, of Osceola, Iowa.  All the children mentioned were successful in life and each accumulated a competence.  The parents were never owners of land in this State, but both lived to a ripe old age.  The mother died first, aged eighty-two, and he was in his eighty-seventh year. Both were buried in the Middletown cemetery. John Carden, our subject, was married in Hamilton County, Ohio, to Mary Cornic, July 20, 1848.  He was by trade a miller, and for several years prior to his emigration West, worked in both saw and grist mills.  The foundation to his present good fortune was laid by saving his monthly wages, and the first investment in lands in this county was the present homestead, then an 80-acre tract.  The old house into which the young couple moved still stands, and his farm was purchased for $32 per acre, in 1858.  As all that Mr. Carden is worth has been earned and secured by purchase at a high figure, it is easy to see that he is one of the self-made men of Southeast Iowa.  His broad acres, now numbering 446, are all improved except a 40-acre timber lot.  The handsome country house was erected in 1867, and the massive barn in 1872.  Thousands of dollars have been spent in improvements, besides the amount paid for the lands, and the energy displayed by such men is what gave such an impetus to the growth and prosperity of Danville Township, which ranks second to none in the county.  Eschewing politics, he has given his entire attention to agriculture, and John Carden is known and noted throughout the neighborhood as one of the most successful farmers in this county.  In the autumn of 1887 Mr. Carden was induced to accept the nomination for County Supervisor, and was elected by a large majority, and this is a flattering testimonial to his reputation as a man of the most correct business habits, and it is the first time that he has ever allowed his name to be used for a political office.  He has always been a pronounced Democrat, but of a positive type. We now speak of the children born to Mr. Carden and his good wife.  The two eldest, John and Maggie, were born in Ohio; the former married Jennie Long and resides in California; Maggie wedded John Sellers, and resides upon part of the Carden farm, near Middletown.  After becoming residents of this county there were born:  Clara, wife of Jefferson Hanna, residing near Garden City, Kan.; George, Ella and Charles.  The latter three are unmarried.  Fortunate in every sense, these children have grown to man and womanhood in this county, and, with the advice and counsel of an indulgent father and a loving mother, have become important factors in society. We will now make brief mention of the parents of Mrs. Carden, John and Susan (Baughman) Cornic, both of whom were deceased before the marriage of our subject with their daughter.  John was a native-born American, but his father, David Cornic, was born in Wales.  After coming to America he located in Lancaster County, Pa., and married and reared a family in that State. There were three daughters and six sons:  Sarah, Catherine, Eliza, Thomas, Daniel, John, Samuel, Charles and George.  Of these Thomas, Charles and Samuel came to Iowa.  The parents removed to Hamilton County, Ohio, and died there.  Thomas married Rosanna Fear, and both are deceased, her death occurring in Ohio, and his at Burlington, Iowa; John, father of Mrs. Carden, married Susan Baughman, previously mentioned; Sarah became the wife of John Pottenger, of Hamilton County, Ohio, and both are deceased; Daniel died unmarried; Samuel married Nancy Layton, Catherine wedded Evan Breese, Charles became the husband of Emeline Yeomans, Eliza wedded James Radcliff, and George died unmarried.  None of these children are living, and the relatives are widely scattered.

William Carden, deceased. It is fitting in his volume to preserve the memories of the dead as well as to speak of the prosperity of the living. As the Carden family have been, since 1858, one of the best known families in this part of the county, we deem it proper to mention more fully the history of the gentleman who is the subject of this sketch, and who, when living, was one of the most energetic of men, one of the best of husbands and kindest of fathers. We refer to the sketch of John Carden for the early history of the family, which was of English origin.

William, the eldest son, was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1829, a son of William and Sarah (Radcliff) Carden. His marriage was celebrated in Ohio by Esq. Andrew Scott, Miss Isabella S. Miller becoming his wife. Her parents were both born in America, the father, William Miller, in New York, his wife, formerly Elizabeth Reed, in Hamilton County, Ohio, to which State Mr. Miller came a single man. He was for many years a teacher in Ohio before his marriage. His wife died when Mrs. Carden was five years of age, leaving five children: Andrew, who wedded and removed to Christian County, Ill., where his death occurred, was a noted teacher in Ohio and Illinois, and in this county taught school for some time; Rachel became the wife of William Wheatley, of Cummingsville, Ohio--but he is now deceased, and his widow, who for twenty years has been blind, resides with her daughter, Mrs. Lib Johnson, in Cummingsville; Isabella, wife of our subject; Mary, deceased wife of Andrew Willie, a farmer of Christian County, Ill.; Elizabeth wedded James Pottinger of Hamilton County, Ohio, where they reside. After the death of his first wife, William Miller, Sr., married Betsy Pottinger of Ohio, removed to Christian County, Ill., and there died. The latter removed to this county, where she departed this life. Three children were born of the second marriage: Edwin A. wedded Louisa Snyder; Dorcas married William Crocker; and Elizabeth died unmarried.

After our subject and his young wife came to Iowa, they settled near "Jimtown" in this county, where they resided two years. The present homestead was purchased in 1860, and here Mr. Carden's death occurred Feb. 14, 1866, in the full flush of manhood, and that too when life seemed brightest, when his good wife and prattling children gave added zest to his labor, and his prosperity was the subject of common remark by all his neighbors. No man can say that William Carden ever did a person an unkindness. He was a member of the Congregational Church, as was his wife before her marriage, and both lived devout Christian lives. Typhoid fever prevailed as an epidemic, and several members of his family were stricken down, but he only was taken. leaving the family circle broken, the heart of his devoted wife crushed by the blow, and his children fatherless at an early age. The children are eight in number, all living: Willard married Jane Linley, and resided in Henry County; John, a farmer of Henry County, wedded May A. Hemmings; Frank resides in Washington, D. C., a clerk in the pension office; Emma is the wife of Warren Foster, who father, R. B. Foster, is one of the oldest residents of Danville Township, and has an extensive history in this volume; Lincoln wedded Minnie Lyons, and resides in Scott Township, Henry Co,., Iowa; James, husband of Mary Boyer, resides in Henry County; Edwin manages the home farm; and William is a teacher in Des Moines County. Perhaps no family of children of the same number in Danville Township have been better educated than those mentioned; and, with the exception of Mrs. Foster and her brother Edwin, all have been teachers. Among the noted people of this county mentioned in this volume, may be found an extensive history of their relationship.

Horatio W. Cartwright is a farmer residing on section 5, Union Township. Among the early pioneers of Des Moines County none deserve more especial mention than Mr. Cartwright. He was born in Fayette County, Ohio, March 20, 1834, and is a son of William F. and Jane (Walker) Cartwright, the father a native of Delaware and the mother of Fayette County, Ohio. The grandfather, Jacob Cartwright, was a native of New Jersey, but later became a resident of Delaware. Having gone to Fayette County, William Cartwright there became acquainted with Miss Jane Walker, the acquaintance ripened into love, and in 1833 their marriage was celebrated. In that county our subject and his brother Joseph, who died in infancy, were born. In 1837 the family removed to Vigo County, Ind., where they remained until August, 1839, and then emigrated to Des Moines County, Iowa, where Mr. Cartwright purchased a tract of land that had been entered by Mr. Hendricks, father of Thomas A. Hendricks, late Vice President of the United States. Improvements were immediately begun and there Mr. Cartwright lived until he was called to his long rest in 1858. He was one of the leading men of his day and in all social, educational and religious matters, he took great interest. For a number of years he was Steward of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to which his wife, who died in 1853, also belonged, having been a member from early life.

To Mr. and Mrs. Cartwright were born twelve children, and of that number nine are yet living: Mary and Benjamin both died in infancy; Susan and Eliza make their home with their sister Lydia, who is the wife of James Hankins; Sarah weded O. H. Bryson, a farmer of Henry County, Iowa; William and Stephen are twins, the former now a farmer of Henry County, Iowa, the latter of Union Township, Des Moines County; Rachel is the wife of James Short, who is engaged in farming in Canaan Township, Henry Co., Iowa.

Almost the entire life of our subject has been spent in Des Moines County and here his education was received in the common schools. After the death of his parents the care of the family devolved upon him, and well has he performed his arduous duties. Under his management the land was rapidly improved, consequently increasing in value, and about the year 1867 the estate was divided, he being the administrator. In 1854 Mr. Cartwright was united in marriage with Miss Lettie Keller, who was born in Ross County, Ohio, and is a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Peirpont) Keller, natives of Maryland, who emigrated to this county in 1854. Both have since departed this life, the father dying in Missouri, the mother in Chicago.Four children grace the union of Mr. and Mrs. Cartwright: Lizzie J., wife of L. M. Shubert, a farmer of Henry County, Iowa; Mary, wife of J. B. Gearhart, also a farmer of Henry County; Frank W. and Charlie H., yet at home. Mr. Cartwright is now the owner of 322 acres of land, 202 of which is the home farm, upon which he has resided since 1859. He has made nearly all of the fine improvements, and in point of cultivation it ranks among the first of the county. Mr. Cartwright is never so busy that he can attend to his religious duties. He contributes liberally to the upbuilding of school-houses and churches, he being a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he has been Steward and Trustee for many years. Mr. Cartwright has filled many offices of trust, and in politics is a stalwart Republican. An honorable citizen, upright in his dealings with his fellowmen, he receives the respect and confidence of all, and we take pleasure in placing upon the pages of this work the name of so prominent a personage. In 1874 he was appointed by Gov. Carpenter as one of three commissioners to lease the convict labor of the State, and feeling the importance of the position, the three men visited all the penitentiaries of the Eastern States, and during his four years of service he paid the highest compliments to Warden McClaughery, of Joliet, Ill.

William H. Cartwright, a well-known citizen of Mediapolis, Des Moines Co., Iowa, comes from a family whose name has been a household word throughout the West for almost three-fourths of a century. He can trace his ancestry back for many generations. William Cartwright, of Normandy, was father of a son also named William, born in Wales. He has a son, Edward, born in Ireland, who was the father of Bryant, born in Martha's Vineyard. The latter also had a son named Bryant, born in the same place, who was the father of James, the grandfather of the subject of our sketch.James Cartwright was a native of Rhode Island, born July 10, 1772, four years before the commencement of the Revolutionary War. His first impressions were doubtless in connection with that war and the stirring events which followed, resulting in the formation of the American Union. An ardent patriot, a lover of liberty, he left the impress of his character upon all his children, some of whom have since become distinguished in Church and State. Reared upon a farm and breathing the pure air of heaven, he became strong of limb and strong of mind. In early life he made a confession of faith, united with the Baptist Church, and having a love for the cause of his Master entered the ministry, and, as opportunity was afforded him, preached the Word. In 1793 he was united in marriage with Miss Catherine Tryon, who bore him eleven children, all of whom grew to be adults: Clarissa, born April, 1794, died unmarried; Daniel G., born March 27, 1796, died Jan. 14, 1873; Sarah, born Sept. 28, 1798, died unmarried; Anna, born Dec. 6, 1802, married Dr. Doran, of Chenango County, N. Y., and died in 1865; William Tryon, born May 5, 1804, died in Dorchester, Canada, in May, 1884; James H., born Feb. 27, 1808, died at Omaha, Neb., in 1878; Barton H., born March 9, 1810, now resides in Oregon, Ill., and is a well-known pioneer Methodist Episcopal preacher; Silas D., born March 30, 1812, died at Agency City, Iowa, in 1856; Darius B., born Jan. 8, 1814, died at Drain, Oregon, in 1865; Catherine, born Sept. 9, 1818, married W. Collins, and died in New York; Almira, born Dec. 21, 1820, married Isaiah Messenger, and died in New York. The mother of these children was born March 26, 1775, died May 6, 1852, and was buried in the Kossuth cemetery, in Yellow Spring Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa. In 1822 James Cartwright exchanged some property in the State of New York, where he was then residing, for land in the military tract of Illinois, comprising about two sections, and at once came West to look after his purchase. While here he was taken sick, and with a friend went in a canoe down Spoon River to the Illinois River, and down that stream to the present site of Griggsville, Pike Co., Ill., where he died after an illness of eight days, being unable to secure the services of a physician. His remains were interred on a bluff four miles below Griggsville, at a place then known as Edward's Ferry. In the fall of 1887 William H. Cartwright, a grandson, whose name heads this sketch, has his remains removed, and on the 22d day of November they were interred beside those of his beloved wife, in the cemetery at Kossuth, Iowa.Daniel G., the second child and first son of James and Catherine Cartwright, was born in Sempronius, N. Y., March 27, 1796, and grew to manhood on his father's farm, receiving a limited education in the public schools of his native State. In 1820 he married Miss Melinda Messenger, also a native of New York, born July 10, 1804. Eight children were born to them: William H., our subject; James R., born Oct. 20, 1826, now resides at Eldorado Springs, Mo., engaged in farming; Clarissa H., born May 6, 1829, is the wife of J. J. Crowder, a druggest in Mediapolis, of whom a sketch is given on another page; Hiram M., born Nov. 10, 1831, is engaged in fruit-growing, in Lincoln, Cal.; Daniel C., born June 29, 1834, is in the drug business, at Pomona, Cal.; Catherine, born Oct. 9, 1837, resides at North Bloomfield, Nevada Co., Cal., and is the widow of Washington Johnson; Nelson K., born July 22, 1840, is a ranchman and miller, residing at Junction, Idaho; P. Jane, born April 10, 1843, is the wife of A. W. Job, a farmer of West Line, Mo. At the age of thirty-five Daniel Cartwright united with the Methodist Episcopal Church, and soon developed a talent for public speaking. Believing the West afforded a greater opportunity for the exercise of his talents, and a better field for gathering souls into the Kingdom of Christ, he determined to move, and in 1835 came with his family to Warren County, Ill., where he remained until the following year, and then came to Des Moines County, Iowa, which afterward continued to be his home. He first located in Union Township, where he purchased a partially improved farm, on which the family lived till 1845, when he sold out and purchased 240 acres of land in Yellow Spring Township, which he brought to a high state of cultivation. Here the family lived until 1857, when they moved near Kossuth. In 1866, the family having been scattered, the old folks broke up housekeeping and made their home with their son William H.On coming West Mr. Cartwright united with the Illinois Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in the spring of 1836 was assigned to the Iowa circuit, which embraced all the inhabited parts of Iowa, then a portion of Wisconsin Territory. As the Territory increased in population new circuits and new stations were formed, and he was assigned a circuit embracing all of Iowa north of the Iowa River. The hardships endured while a circuit-rider, traveling on horseback hundreds of miles, his regular appointments being scores of miles apart, and the houses of worship the rude cabins of the pioneers, can scarcely be described, while it would be impossible for the reader to realize them. The toils and privations were counted as naught by him, the good of his fellow-men being his sole desire. "Christ and him Crucidied" was his theme, and it was a pleasure to him to break the bread of life to hungry souls. After being fully tried, and found a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly divining the word of truth, he was, on the 14th day of September, 1839, ordained a Deacon in the Methodist Episcopal Church, by Bishop Thomas A. Morris, of Illinois. As a Deacon in the church his opportunities for usefulness were greatly enlarged, and no duty did he ever shirk. With a strong voice, cultivated and strengthened by much outdoor speking, with a zeal born of love of God and love for his fellow-men, every talent that he possessed was devoted to the cause of his Savior. The Church in that early day was poor as respects this world's goods, though rich in the faith, and those laboring for the Master were compelled, like those in Apostolic times, almost to labor without money and without price. That his family might live, and that they might be provided with some of the comforts of life, he was compelled to carry on farming with the aid of his good wife and their elder sons. In fact the farm work was left almost exclusively to the children, who did their part well.Living in a day when the slavery question was, outside of the Gospel, the most important one to engage the minds of the people, he took strong grounds against the institution, especially against its introduction into free territory. Believing it a great wrong, he did not hesitate to express his views in regard to it, and in the division of the Church occasioned by the slavery question, he took his stand with those who believed that "all men were created with certain inalienable rights," among which were "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." On the temperance question he was no less outspoken, urging upon the people the necessity of abstaining from the use of alcoholic drinks, declaring, with the Apostle, that "no drunkard can inherit the kingdom of heaven." After living a truly Christian life for almost half a century, engaging the greater part of the time in the self-sacrificing life of a pioneer minister of the Gospel, this good man passed to his heavenly reward at the house of his son William, on the 14th of January, 1873, in the seventy-seventh year of his age. Of him it can be truly said in the words of the Scriptures, "Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them." His wife survived him eleven years, dying Nov. 24, 1884. A noble Christian woman, she was truly a helpmate for the one she loved, and bore without a murmur the sacrifices required of one who was the wife of a pioneer preacher.William H. Cartwright, the eldest son of Daniel G. and Melinda Cartwright, was born in Chenango County, N. Y., Aug. 20, 1823, and when twelve years of age came West with his parents to Warren County, Ill., and in the spring of 1836 to Des Moines County, Iowa, which has since been his home. Being the eldest of the family, and his father usually from home engaged in ministerial work, from the time he was thirteen years of age the management of the farm devolved upon him. With the help of his younger brothers he improved his father's farm in Union Township, where the family first settled, and where they remained until 1845, moving thence to Yellow Spring Township. In this work he was guided by the wise counsel of his mother, a woman of strong mind and hopeful courage, and whose Christian example was felt by every member of the household. As manager of his father's farm he continued until the fall of 1849, when, in company with hsi brother-in-law J. J. Crowder, he opened a general merchandise store in Kossuth, the first store opened in that village. With a few interruptions he continued in business in that place for a period of twenty years. About the time he commenced business in Kossuth, the country became greatly excited over the discovery of gold in California, and the "California fever" spread with lightning-like rapidity throughout the land. Mr Cartwright was not exempt, and in the spring of 1850, with an ox-team, accompanied by others, he crossed the plains, leaving his home on the 7th of March, and arriving at his destination July 4th of the same year, being about four months on the road. He remained in this new Eldorado about nine months, engaged in mining, and then returned home by way of the Isthmus of Panama and the Mississippi River, to Burlington. Going to Kossuth he again resumed the mercantile business, in which he continued with success for many years.On the 14th of March, 1852, Mr. Cartwright was united in marriage with Miss Miriam Fullenwider, a native of Kentucky, born April 8, 1828, and daughter of Samuel Fullenwider. She bore him eight children, namely: H. Beecher, their eldest son, is now a merchant of Sante Fe, N. M.; C. Ellen, born Oct. 25, 1853, at home; Narcissa J., born Nov. 10, 1854, wife of S. D. Fulmer, of Mediapolis; William H., born June 10, 1857, died in California in 1873; Miriam, born Oct. 28, 1859, wife of C. H. Parrett, a merchant of Mediapolis; Clarissa M., born Nov. 4, 1861, wife of F. L. Huston, an attorney, at Kearney, Neb.; Anna M., born Nov. 30, 1865, wife of George E. Twonsend, editor and proprietor of the Lousia County Record, at Wapello, Louisa Co., Iowa; Samuel G., born June 11, 1869, now residing in Sante Fe, N. M. Mrs. Cartwright died Dec. 21, 1870. A devoted member of the Presbyterian Church, she did well her life-work, and is now at rest. On the 9th of January, 1872, Mr. Cartwright was again united in marriage, being wedded to Miss Martha Bruce, daughter of Hon. James Bruce, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this volume. Edna Bruce is their only child, and resides with her parents st home.In 1869 Mr. Cartwright purchased eighty acres of land, the present site of Mediapolis, on the line of the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railroad, and platted the town. The store which he operated at Kossuth he removed to this place,and for some years was actively engaged in trade. The first store he carried on until some time in 1870, when he sold out to Brown & Roberts. In 1872 he erected the building now occupied by Parrett & Fulmer, and again engaged in the mercantile trade, in which he continued until 1881. He then sold out and opened a coal mine in Greene County, Iowa, in 1884, which he operated for one year and then leased it, since which time he has been living a retired life. Previous to this, in 1870, he had laid out the town of Rippey, Greene Co., Iowa.Religiously, Mr. Cartwright adheres to the faith of his father, and for many years has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and active in the work of the congregation. His wife is also a member of that body, and takes a lively interest in all church matters. A temperance man from principle, he freely expresses himself upon that question, and does not fear to let the world know where he stands. Politically, since the organization of the party, he has been a stanch Republican. Never an office-seeker, and preferring the quiet of home life to the turmoil of of politics, he has yet been honored by his fellow-citizens with such local offices as he would accept. For four years he was a member of the County Board of Supervisors, and is at present Mayor of Mediapolis, and also President of the School Board. Often has he represented his township and county in the conventions of his party. As a citizen he discharges every duty devolving upon him in a faithful manner, and has ever been found ready to devote his time and means to the advancement of the town and county. As director in the Narrow Gauge Railroad, he works zealously for its interests. In fact there is no work undertaken by him but enlists all his energies. Beginning life poor, by industry and strict integrity he has accumulated sufficient to render him and his comfortable through life, while his upright character and trustworthiness have secured him the respect of his fellow-men.

Thomas G. Catlett, an attorney-at-law and a real-estate and insurance agent, at Burlington, Iowa, was born in Bloomington, McLean Co., Ill., March 5, 1850, and is a son of William O. and Elizabeth (Whitelock) Catlett, the former a native of Loudoun County, Va., born in 1828, and the latter of Kentucky, born in 1830. When young people they both went to Bloomington, Ill., where they were married Jan. 16, 1849. William Catlett was a carpenter and was engaged at his trade until 1862, when he enlisted in the 94th Illinois Infantry. Soon after entering the service he was sent to Benton Barracks, St. Louis, from thence to Springfield, Mo., and while on the way contracted rheumatism, which unfitted him for general service. On the 12th of May, 1864, he was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, being stationed at Camp Douglas, Chicago, where he did guard duty. He was detailed as one of the guards over Lincoln's body from Chicago to Springfield, where he was mustered out July 7, 1865. He died in 1886, from the effects of army life. During his early years he was an Abolitionist, and afterward was a supporter of the Republican party. Mr. and Mrs. Catlett were the parents of two children: Thomas G., the subject of our sketch, and Eva E., wife of John B. Wright, of Winnebago County, Minn. After the death of his first wife Mr. Catlett was again married, Miss Alice C. Mahan becoming his wife. They had four children: Edward W., of Burlington; Eva Viola, wife of W. V. Beaver, of Red Cloud, Neb.; Horace S., of Burlington, and Mary E., deceased.The subject of our sketch deserves much credit for his success in life. Starting out a poor boy and receiving but a limited education, he has made for himself a position of which he can well be proud. In December, 1873, he came to Burlington with the intention of attending the business college, but the following spring went to Nebraska. The grasshoppers destroying the crops that year, he concluded it was better to return, and in the fall of 1874 he purchased an interest in the Burlington Business College, remaining one year. He then entered the office of Stutsman & Trulock, commenced the study of law, and was admitted to the bar in June, 1876. He has held various offices of trust in Burlington; in 1877 was elected Township Clerk, has served as City Clerk, was appointed Justice of the Peace to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of H. O. Browning, was elected to that office in 1878 and re-elected in 1880, but resigned in January, 1881. He was engaged by a publishing house for two years as collector, traveling over Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota and Dakota. Mr.Catlett is a member of McLean Lodge No. 206, I. O. O. F., also a member of the A. O. U. W., of Burlington, having filled the Master's chair and representing the lodge in the Grand Lodge.

H. W. Chittenden, of Chittenden & Eastman, manufacturers and jobbers of furniture, undertakers' goods and cabinet hardware of Burlington, Iowa, was born at Keokuk, Iowa, March 28, 1853, and is a son of Abram B. Chittenden, a pioneer of Iowa of 1840. Mr. Chittenden's father was born in Guilford, Conn., removed to Iowa Sept. 14, 1840, and for many years was a prominent wholesale grocer of Keokuk, but is now living a retired life. Henry W. Chittenden was educated in the high school of Keokuk, graduating in the class of 1872. He then devoted a year and a half to the study of law, but gave it up before being admitted to the bar in order to enter upon mercantile pursuits. In 1874 he came to Burlington and spent one year in a wholesale notion house, when he bought into the business in which he is now engaged, it then being known as the firm of Todd, Pollock & Granger. Later it became Pollock, Granger & Chittenden, and subsequently Mr. Chittenden became sole proprietor, conducting the business alone until the formation of the existing partnership with E. P. Eastman. The house of Chittenden & Eastman is the most extensive wholesale and manufacturing furniture establishment in the State, and a history of the same appears elsewhere in this work. Mr. Chittenden was united in marriage at Burlington, Oct. 26, 1881, with Miss Catherine M. Sherfey, daughter of J. M. and Mary A. (Rand) Sherfey. Mrs. Chittenden was born in Burlington, and is a granddaughter of the Hon. E. D. Rand, a prominent pioneer of that city. In politics Mr. Chittenden is a Republican, but not an active partisan, and never a candidate for public office, for his important business interests monopolize his attention. He and his wife are members of the Congregational Church. Mr. Chittenden is an enterprising and successful business man, and has been greatly instrumental in building up a large trade, which the house of which he is the senior partner now controls. He has been active in support of the Burlington Boat Club, an organization that ranks among the leading institutions of the city, and is public-spirited and liberal in support of all worthy public enterprises.  

Isaac M. Christy, head book-keeper and cashier for the wholesale hardware house of Lyman H. Drake, of Burlington, Iowa, is a native of Trumbull County, Ohio, born April 18, 1844. His parents were George L. and Jane (Marshall) Christy, the father a native of New Jersey, and the mother of Ohio. Isaac M. Christy came to Iowa with his parents in 1854, they settling at Osceola, Clarke County, where he was reared on the farm and educated in the public schools. In the fall of 1861, when but seventeen years of age, he enlisted as a private in the late war, becoming a member of Company I, 15th Iowa Infantry, and served until its close. He participated in the battles at Shiloh, Corinth, seige of Vicksburg, Atlanta campaign, and the march to the sea with Sherman. He was slightly wounded three different times and was mustered out, Aug. 3, 1865, a non-commissioned officer, after four years of active service. On his return from the war Mr. Christy attended Bryant & Stratton's Business College, thereby fitting himself for commercial pursuits. He then engaged with the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company, was appointed station agent at Lucas, Iowa, and served eighteen months in that capacity. He next spent a year in a commercial house at Afton, Iowa, went from there to Osceola, Iowa, and accepted the position of cashier in the private banking house of H. C. Seigler, and after a year and a half spent as cashier he came to Burlington in January, 1871, and engaged with Nelson & Co., a wholesale hardware firm, and then with L. H. Drake, their successor, covering a period of seventeen years. On the 23d of February, 1871, at Oswego, Ill., Mr. Christy was united in marriage with Miss Louisa A. Bennett, a native of New York, and a daughter of Charles M. Bennett. Three children have graced their union, two sons and a daughter: Charles B., Fred C. and Kate M., all born at Burlington. Mr. Christy is a Master Mason, a member of Burlington Lodge No. 25, A. F. & A. M., a member of Washington Lodge No. 1, I. O. O. F., of Burlington, and also of the G. A. R., C. L. Matthes Post No. 5.

Alfred Clarke, one of the early pioneers of Des Moines County, was a native of Massachusetts, where he was born in 1806. He was a descendant of an old English family who came to America before the Revolutionary days. He received a liberal education when young, and later attended Amherst College, where he took a thorough theological course preparatory to entering the ministry of the Congregational Church, but for some reason did not carry out his original intention, going when a young man to New York City and engaging in mercantile business. He was for some years a member of the firm of Wemple & Clarke, wholesale dry-goods and carpets. Meeting with reverses in business in that city and being forced to succumb to the financial pressure, he then went to Louisville, Ky., when he again engaged in the same line of business.While in business at Louisville, Mr. Clarke married Miss Eliza Hawkins, of Wheeling, W. Va., Dec. 11, 1834. In 1837 he left that place and came to Burlington, when this city was a mere hamlet; soon after his arrival he entered land in Danville Township, and was among the first families in that locality. After a residence of about nine years he moved into Burlington and engaged in the milling and mercantile business, which he followed till the time of his death, which occurred in March, 1855, leaving a widow and four children. Mrs. Clarke is still living (in 1888) at the age of seventy-six years. Of the four children three still survive: Helen, the eldest, is now Mrs. N. Fullerton, of Burlington; William A. is a druggest of Stone Fort, Ill.; and Abigail, now Mrs. McLun, of Moundsville, W. Va. Mr. Clarke was a Whig in politics, and a public-spirited, enterprising man, who was widely and favorably known and respected for his honest, upright character.

Benjamin Wallingford Clarke, deceased, one of the early pioneers of Des Moines County, Iowa, was a native Ohio, born in Clarke County, Oct. 18, 1812, and a son of Absalom Clarke, who was a native of Kentucky. When a lad six years of age his parents removed to Greene County, Ill., locating near Carrollton, where Benjamin was reared upon a farm. It being a new country the school system was not very perfect, and he received but limited educational advantages. At the age of twenty-one Mr. Clarke was united in marriage with Catherine Edwards, a native of Virginia, and a daughter of Isham Edwards, also a Virginian by birth. After their marriage the young couple began their domestic life upon a farm, where they resided for a year or two, and then in 1834 emigrated to the West, taking up their residence in Des Moines County, Iowa. Mr. Clarke staked out a claim, and in the spring of 1835 moved his family to his farm on section 36, Yellow Spring Township, where he resided until his death, which occurred Feb. 27, 1888. Thus, one more of the old pioneers, who had been a resident of Des Moines County for over a half-century, passed away. Mr. Clarke had witnessed almost the entire growth of the county, had seen towns and villages spring up where once were Indian wigwams, the wild, uncultivated land was transformed into beautiful farms, and all the improvements common to this nineteenth century made. Mr. Clarke was a Democrat in politics, though not an active partisan. In the early days of the county he held the office of County Commissioner for two full terms. His wife still survives him and is a member of the Christian Church.

Mr. and Mrs. Clarke were the parents of five children: John, who died in childhood; Franklin, now residing at Pasadena, Cal.; Margaret, wife of C. Messenger, of Mediapolis; Mary, who became the wife of F. Smith, and died leaving four children; and William G., a farmer of Yellow Spring Township, being on the old homestead.    

William G. Clarke, one of the well-to-do farmers of Yellow Spring Township, was born Dec. 4, 1839, in the township which yet furnishes him a home. He is the youngest son of Benjamin W. and Catherine (Edwards) Clarke, and was reared upon his father's farm. On the 12th of November, 1863, he was married to Laura B. Coccayne, who is a native of Virginia, and a daughter of Samuel Coccayne. Four children have been born to them, all of whom yet reside with their parents, namely: Nellie, Mary, Jennie and Jesse. Mr. Clarke has been one of the School Directors in his District, is one of the enterprising farmers of the township and has a well cultivated farm of 257 acres. In politics Mr. Clarke is a Democrat. He has been School Director of his township for the past twelve years.

Alfred B. Cleghorn, Union Ticket Agent at Burlington, Iowa, was born at Stamford, Welland Co., Ontario, Canada, Aug. 26, 1846, and is a son of Rev. A. Cleghorn, D. D.  His father was born in Scotland, and his mother in New York.  Our subject removed to the latter place with his parents in early childhood, and was educated at Belleville, N. Y.  Remaining in New York till of age, he then came to Burlington, arriving in this city April 1, 1872, where his first employment was as a clerk in the freight office of the B., C. R. & N. R. R. Co., and after remaining there for one year he then entered the Union ticket office as assistant, April 1, 1873, continuing in that position for two years, when he was promoted to Agent, and has held that position continuously since.  On the 29th of July, 1868, at Belleville, N. Y., Mr. Cleghorn wedded Miss Dora Hall, of that city.  Two children were born to them, both daughters; Grace, now aged seventeen, and May, aged eleven.  Mr. Cleghorn has taken an active interest in civic societies, and has the honor of having been the first Knight of Pythias initiated in the State of Iowa, his initiation taking place in the Star of the West Lodge, No. 1, K. of P., at Cedar Rapids.  He is a charter member of Flint Hills Lodge, No. 39, K. of P., of Burlington, and has been prominently identified with that institution.  He is also a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity; belongs to Malta Lodge, No. 318, A. F. & A. M.; to Iowa Chapter No. 7, R. A. M., and St. Omer Commandery, No. 15, K. T. all of Burlington, Iowa.  He was one of the original members of the Shokoquon Club, is now its President, and is a charter member of the Burlington Boating Association, has been its President three times, and is now a member of the executive committee.  Mr. Cleghorn has made a popular ticket agent and has won hosts of friends by his courteous manner and prompt discharge of duty.  He has done much to promote the interests of the several societies to which he belongs, and is an acknowledged favorite in social circles. 

Abraham Colby is an honored pioneer and highly respected citizen of Des Moines County, residing on section 6, Union Township. He was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, Jan. 14, 1806, and is a son of Abraham and Kesiah (Mapes) Colby, the former a native of New Hampshire, and the latter of New Jersey. Mr. and Mrs. Colby with their family moved to Hamilton County, Ohio, in a very early day, and there lived until their death, the father departing this life in 1806, the mother about the year 1828. They were honest, industrious and highly esteemed people, and were active members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Our subject grew to manhood in Hamilton County, Ohio, and there received his education in the common schools. His whole life has been spent upon a farm. On the 15th of May, 1828, he was united in marriage with Elizabeth Wild, and the 15th of May, 1888, completed for them sixty years of married life in which they have shared each other's joys and sorrows, pleasures and pain. Together they have cared for their children, teaching them in their youth the ways of sobriety and truth until now they do honor to this worthy couple. Mrs. Colby was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, Jan. 1, 1810, and is a daughter of Henry and Catherine (Storms) Wild, natives of Pennsylvania, who located in Hamilton County, Ohio, about the year 1800, the mother departing this life there about the year 1840. After her death Mr. Wild came to Des Moines County, his death occurring about the year 1872. The wife was a devoted member of the United Brethren Church, and the husband, though not a member of any church, was one of Nature's noblemen, always ready to help a fellow traveler through life. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Colby remained in Hamilton County, Ohio, where the husband was engaged in tilling the soil until 1845. Then, selling the farm which he had greatly improved, they started directly for Burlington, Iowa. As there were no railroads at that time, the journey had to be made partly by water and partly by team, but at length reaching their destination, Mr. Colby purchased 100 acres of land in Flint River Township, where he made a good farm. In 1853 that land was sold, and they made their home upon a rented farm for nine years, after which thirty acres on section 6, Union Township, were purchased. Ten acres have been added to this tract, and now Mr. Colby has one of the best improved farms of the county. Ten children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Colby, five of whom are yet living. Sarah B. died in infancy; James, after his marriage, went to California, and was there killed in a mine; Mary C. became the wife of Wilson Robinson, and both are now deceased; William J. died in infancy; Nathaniel was called to his final home in 1882; Henry is a resident of California; Alfred, a resident of Chicago, is a member of the Board of Trade; Abraham is engaged in farming in Montgomery County, Iowa; Sarah wedded Joseph Park, a farmer in Woodson County, Kan. Although far part the prime of life, Mr. and Mrs. Colby are yet enjoying good health and are well preserved, both in body and mind. Since 1839 they have been members of the M. E. Church, and for its welfare they have earnestly labored. Mr. Colby has filled all the offices of the organization, and for many years served as Class-Leader. In his political views he is a Republican, having supported that party since its organization. He also advocates the enforcement of the prohibitory law, and in his habits he is strictly temperate, having never used liquor or tobacco in any way, and has now reached his eighty-second year. Honest, upright in all their public dealings, ever ready to aid the needy or comfort the afflicted, Mr. and Mrs. Colby receive the love, respect and confidence of the entire community, and as pioneers and honored citizens, they deserve an honored place in the history of their county, which they have helped to place in the front rank in the great State of Iowa.

A. B. Collins, foreman of the round-house of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, at Burlington, Iowa, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Oct. 3, 1844. His parents, George and Ann (Athens) Collins, were also natives of that city, the former born in 1798, the latter in 1817.  George Collins emigrated with his family to Burlington in 1849, there engaging in the manufacture of brick, many of the prominent buildings of the city being composed of brick from his yard.  Mr. and Mrs. Collins were the parents of a large family of children, six of whom are living:  Orlando, now of Burlington, Iowa, was employed in the Quartermaster's department during the great Rebellion; J. W., of St. Charles, Mo., enlisted in the 11th United States Service; Georgie, wife of T. H. Notestine, of Chillicothe, Mo.; Ursulia, wife of Solomon Weiss, also of Chillicothe, Mo.; James W., residing at Ft. Worth, Tex.; and A. B., the subject of this sketch.  The death of George Collins occurred in March, 1862.  In early life he was a Whig, but at its organization joined the Republican party, and until his death always cast his vote with that body.  An honorable, upright man, he was highly esteemed throughout the community.  His wife still resides in this city. The subject of this sketch came to Burlington with his parents when but five years of age, and received a good common-school education.  About the time his school life closed threats of secession were being made, and shortly after Ft. Sumter was fired upon.  Mr. Collins who at this time was but seventeen years of age, nevertheless offered his services to his country, became a member of the 7th Iowa Infantry, Company I, and being mustered into service, proceeded with his regiment to Belmont, Mo., there participating in the first battle fought by Gen. Grant in the Rebellion.  He participated in the capture of Fts. Henry and Donelson, and then went to Pittsburg Landing, where he was discharged on account of poor health, caused by exposure. As soon as he was able, he was employed in the Quartermaster's department at Little Rock, and while serving in that capacity was taken prisoner April 26, 1863, at Mark's Mills, Ark., paroled Dec. 17, 1863, at Hempstead Camp, Gross, Tex., and sent to New Orleans by way of Houston and the Gulf. Returning from the war, Mr. Collins then engaged in freighting on the plains, the terminus of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad being at Ottumwa.  He afterward went to Chillicothe, Mo., where he embarked in the manufacture of brick, and in 1869 began working for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, filling various positions.  He ran an engine from 1873 to 1884, for three years was traveling engineer, and then was appointed foreman of the round-house at Burlington, and now has 110 men under his immediate charge.  He is a member of Washington Lodge No. 1, I. O. O. F.; also a member of the K. and P., Friendship Lodge No. 11, and was formerly a member of the B. of L. E., but took a withdrawal card Aug. 7, 1885. In August, 1873, the marriage of Mr. Collins and Miss Jennie Welbourn was celebrated.  She is a native of Baltimore, Md., though reared in Burlington. One child has blessed this union--Roderick.  Mr. Collins' success in life is mainly due to his own efforts, his untiring zeal and continued labors having won for him a prominent position.

J. S. Conklin, a farmer residing on section 32, Washington Township, came to Des Moines County with his parents in 1854, when eleven years of age. He was born in Hamilton County, Ind., Nov. 17, 1843, and is a son of James and Frances (Clemmens) Conklin, he former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Kentucky. Their ancestors were from the Eastern States. The father went to Miami County, Ohio, at an early date,where he engaged in farming for awhile, and then removed to Hamilton County, where he followed the same occupation until his emigration to Des Moines County, Iowa. Not long since he removed to Gray County, Kan., where his death occurred Jan. 15, 1887. He was four times married, and by his first wife had seven children, all of whom lived to maturity except one, the only daughter. By his second union two children were born, by the third four children were born, and by the fourth union there were three children.On the 7th of December, 1864, Mr. Conklin was united in marriage with Columbia J. Orchard, of Des Moines County, and a daughter of Anderson and Caroline Orchard, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. She was born in Brown County, Ill., March 9, 1844, and three children grace their union: Edwin Burr, Elta Byron, who married Eva M. Miller; and Mabel Estella Maud Ethel Grace.In 1862 Mr. Conklin went to Idaho Territory, where he engaged in mining for four years, but in the meantime came home and was united in marriage with Miss Orchard. His first purchase of land consisted of eighty acres on section 32, Washington Township, but he has since added 100 acres more, and now has one of the finest farms in the township, being highly cultivated and highly improved. He has also a half-section of land in Las Animas County, Col. Politically, Mr. Conklin is an ardent supporter of the Republican party, in which he is an active worker. Both himself and wife are members of the Baptist Church, in which he has been Sunday-school Superintendent for eighteen years, and is also one of the Deacons. While on his claim in Colorado, he taught school in his "half dugout" for two months. He is one of the enterprising and progressive farmers of Washington Township, and well deserves a place in this volume, which contains the biographical sketches of so many of the honored citizens of Des Moines County.

Andrew Corey, baker and confectioner, No. 711 North Sixth street, Burlington, Iowa, was born in Sweden, May 11, 1838, and came with his father, Swan Corey, to America in about 1846, and to Burlington in 1852. The father later removed to Jefferson County, Iowa, where he purchased a farm, and there died in 1884. Andrew Corey, our subject, came to Burlington, Iowa, in 1852, and here was apprenticed to the trade of a baker, with Treat & Rankin. In 1863 he went to Chicago, where he was foreman in Woodman's bakery, one of the largest institutions of the city before the fire. He was a witness of that awful fire which raged over the city, destroying both property and life, leaving many homeless and friendless. Woodman's factory being destroyed, Mr. Corey was thrown out of employment, and so began business for himself on the West Side, which he prosecuted until 1877, then being obliged to leave on account of poor health. Going to Denver, Col., but not finding any satisfactory employment, he returned to Burlington, and has since made his home in this city. In 1867, in Chicago, Mr. Corey was joined in wedlock with Miss Susan Burne, a native of Canada, and by this union there are two children-- Bertha J. and Harry B. Mr. Corey is a stanch Republican, and is a man highly respected in the community where he resides. He has one brother who is now a resident of Jefferson County, Iowa, who fought in defense of the stars and stripes with credit to himself and the cause he advocated.

Hon. John L. Corse, a worthy citizen and early settler of Burlington, Iowa, was born in Dover, Del., March 5, 1813, and was a son of Hausen and Gertrude (Lockwood) Corse. He was reared in his native State, and on reaching manhood went to the city of Philadelphia, where his marriage with Miss Sarah Murray was celebrated. She was born in that city, was a daughter of John Murray, Esq., and was descended from an old Virginia family of which Chief Justice Marshall was a member. Mr. Corse was engaged in the manufacture of carriages in Philadelphia for several years. He next took up his residence in Pittsburgh, Pa., subsequently removing to St. Louis, Mo., later to Belleville, Ill., and in 1842 he came to Burlington and engaged in the carriage-making business. Several years later he sold his carriage factory, engaging in the book and stationery trade.Mr. and Mrs. Corse reared a family of four children: The eldest, John M., was twice married, his first wife being Miss Ellen Prince, and the second Miss Fannie McNeil, a neice of ex-President Pierce; he is a prominent Democratic politician, and is now Postmaster at Boston, Mass. Virginia, who was born at Belleville, Ill., March 15, 1839, is the wife of Martin C. McArthur, of Burlington, Iowa; Alice is the wife of Dr. W. C. Hunt, of Chicago; the youngest, Sarah A., is now in Europe. Mrs. Corse, who was a lady of fine accomplishments and great social popularity, died Sept. 28, 1866. Mr. Corse survived his wife but a year and a half, his death occurring March 22, 1868. He was a Democrat in politics, and was chosen to represent his district in the State Legislature. He was Alderman for three terms, 1844, 1851 and 1852, and served as Mayor during 1845 and 1846 and 1856 and 1857. Mr. Corse was a member of Burlington Lodge No. 20, A. F. & A. M., and served as Junior Warden of the Masonic Grand Lodge of Iowa. For years he served as a member and President of the School Board. He was a zealous friend of the public school system, when that system needed friends, and established it on such a firm and enduring basis that the Independent School District of Burlington to-day ranks as one of the best, not only in Iowa, but throughout the United States. He died highly respected as a citizen and held in high esteem by a warm circle of friends.

Lamonte Cowles, attorney at law, Parsons Block, Burlington, Iowa, and son of Rev. W. F. and Marie E. (LaMonte) Cowles, was born at Oskaloosa, Iowa, Sept. 30, 1859, was educated at the Iowa Wesleyan University at Mt. Pleasant, and graduated in class of 1879. He spent four years in Nebraska and Colorado in the employ of the Union Pacific and Burlington & Missouri River Railroad Companies as civil engineer. Returning to Iowa he made his home at Burlington, where he studied law in the office of Judge J. C. Power, and was admitted to the bar in April, 1884. Remaining a short time with his preceptor after being admitted to practice, Mr. Cowles then formed a law partnership with C. B. Jack, that connection continuing till Mr. Jack removed to Salt Lake City, Utah, a year and a half later, since which time he has been alone in practice. Mr. Cowles is a Republican in politics and a member of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, of Burlington. He is working up a good practice and is recognized as a rising member of the bar. He was married, at Burlington, in 1885, to Miss Hattie Kane, daughter of Alexander Kane, and a native of Burlington. They have one child, a daughter, Ethel, born Oct. 21, 1887.

Rev. William F. Cowles, a pioneer minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Iowa, of 1851, was born in Cortland County, N. Y., May 11, 1819, and is a son of Russell and Dorcas (Gardner) Cowles.  His father was a native of Columbia County, N. Y., was a lineal descendant of the Puritan Cowles, of New England, and on his father's side is descended from French Huguenot ancestry, and on the mother's side from an old English family. Our subject was educated in the common schools of his native town, supplemented by a course at Cortland Academy, though he has been largely self-educated since arriving at man's estate.  Rev. Cowles became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at the age of eighteen years, and at twenty-two began to preach the Gospel.  He was licensed the following year, was regularly promoted to Deacon and Elder, and elected Presiding Elder, served seven years on circuits, twenty-four on stations, thirteen as Presiding Elder, and two years as agent of the Iowa Wesleyan University. Three times he has been elected to the General Conference, twice leading the delegation.  He traveled his first circuit in Ohio, labored eight years in Michigan, one in Missouri and thirty-six in Iowa, beginning in September, 1851.  As Presiding Elder, Rev. Cowles served in the Oskaloosa, Muscatine, Mt. Pleasant and Burlington districts, a full term in each except that of Muscatine.  He first came to Burlington in 1853, and here he organized the South Burlington Mission Church, subsequently known as the Ebenezer Church, later as Division Street Church, and now the First Methodist Episcopal Church.  The structure used as a house of worship by this society was built under his supervision in 1854-55.  Rev. Cowles is now a supernumerary and a member of the Iowa Methodist Episcopal Conference. In politics Mr. Cowles is a Republican, and helped to organize that party in Iowa.  He was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue under Mr. Lincoln, serving in that capacity four years, during which time he also discharged his duties as pastor of the church. Mr. Cowles has been thrice married, first at Lyons, Mich., Sept. 18, 1846, to Miss Alexina Blanchard, daughter of Dr. Blanchard, by whom he had five children:  Elloura married A. G. McColm, of Muscatine, Iowa; Eliza resides with her father; William B. married Jennie Chambers, and is in the nursery business at Omaha.  Two children died in infancy, and the mother died June 16, 1855.  Mr. Cowles was again married, Feb. 24, 1857, to Miss Elizabeth M. La Monte, daughter of Thomas La Monte, and a native of Charlotteville, N. Y. Four children were born of their union; two died in infancy, and two sons are yet living.  La Monte married Miss Hattie Kane, and is a practicing attorney of Burlington, Iowa; they have one child, a daughter, Ethel.  The younger son, Gardner, married Miss Flora M. Call, resides in Algona, Iowa, and they have two children, a son and a daughter.  The mother of these children died Aug. 3, 1873, and Mr. Cowles was married to his present wife, Mrs. Martha Barnes, Aug. 9, 1876.  She was the widow of George C. Barnes, and is a daughter of Jacob Lovett, Esq.  Her birthplace was in Holmes County, Ohio, and she had two children by her former marriage; one died in childhood, the surviving son is Dr. C. E. Barnes, of Burlington. The Rev. Mr. Cowles is now in his seventieth year, forty-six of which have been spent in active ministerial work.  He is still erect of carriage, with mental faculties well preserved, and could, if further service should be required of him again, actively labor.  He is a gentleman of dignified and pleasing address, possessing a mind of superior culture and force, and has, by his ability, energy, and the conscientious discharge of the arduous duties devolving upon him, won the highest respect and confidence of all with whom he has been called to labor. 

James Cox, one of the pioneer settlers of Des Moines County, Iowa, residing on section 7, Yellow Spring Township, was born in Prince William County, Va., on Dec. 3, 1800, and is a son of John and Elizabeth (Miller) Cox, natives of New Jersey.  John Cox, who was a carriage-maker by trade, died when our subject was a child of about eight years of age.  After his father's death James lived with his mother until his marriage, which occurred in 1828--Miss Mary Ellen Cherry, a native of Harper's Ferry, Va., becoming his wife.  Her father, Richard Cherry, was a native of Charlestown, Va., and the grandfather, William Cherry, was a native of Ireland, who settled in Charlestown at a very early date, and built the first house erected in that city. In 1841 James Cox, our subject, emigrated to Iowa, settling in Yellow Spring Township, Des Moines County.  The land at this time was unbroken prairie; deer, flocks of wild game and often bands of Indians might be seen, and frequently wolves could be heard howling close to the house at night. Mr. Cox purchased 160 acres of this raw prairie land, and eighty acres of timber land on section 8, from which he developed a farm, there making his home until 1874; his son James is now residing upon that land.  In that year he purchased seventy acres on section 7, in the same township, where he still resides, though his landed possessions now amount to 330 acres. This worthy couple have been the parents of eight children:  Richard, who died in 1870, at the age of forty years; Fletcher Q., born in 1833, died in 1862; George Walker, born in 1836, died in 1861; Mary Elizabeth, who was the first wife of Daniel Swaney, is also deceased; Martha Elma, born in 1842, became the wife of Julius Bernhard, and died in 1878; James Harris, born in 1845, is married to Ellen Russell, and lives on the old homestead; Sarah Ellen is the wife of Robert Robinson, of Northfield; and Joseph, born March 28, 1853, resides on the home farm with his parents.  For over a half-century Mr. Cox has been one of the devoted members and active workers of the Methodist Episcopal Church; he has always taken great interest in public affairs, and in politics is a Republican.  The sixtieth wedding anniversary of James Cox and Mary Ellen Cherry was celebrated on the 9th of April, 1888.  For that length of time they have traveled life's journey together, have shared in each others joys and sorrows, and can now look back upon a well-spent life, which is drawing to a happy close.  They have forty grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren, and three of their children and seven of their grandchildren make their home with them.  Starting in life as a poor boy, Mr. Cox has gained all he has mainly by his own industry, enterprise and the assistance of his estimable wife, who inherited 100 acres of land which her grandfather had earned by service in the Revolutionary War.  Throughout the county these noble people are universally respected, and we are pleased to record their sketch among others of prominence and worth.  Not only are they one of the oldest, but they are one of the most highly esteemed couples who have ever lived in Des Moines County. We are pleased to present on another page the portraits of these old residents, who are admirable representatives of the older residents of this county, which they have done so much to develop.  Their many friends wish for them yet more years to add to their long and honored lives.

Philip Cox, a prominent farmer of Des Moines County, Iowa, residing on section 2, Yellow Spring Township, was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, April 23, 1824, and is a son of Covington and Euphemia (Camp) Cox, the father a native of Ohio, and the mother of Somerset County, Pa. The paternal grandfather, Philip Cox, was one of the pioneers of Pickaway County, Ohio, where Covington was reared on a farm, lived throughout his life, and died in 1875, at the age of seventy-five. His wife survived him until 1880, she also dying at the age of seventy-five. They were both members of the United Brethren Church. Mr. Cox was one of the first Abolitionists in that county; was liberal minded, and a man of good business ability; he was a leader of politics in the community. Philip Cox, our subject, was reared upon a farm, receiving such education as the district schools of a new country afforded, and at the age of twenty-one, in 1844, left the paternal roof to come to Iowa. While en route he happened to be at Nouvoo, Ill., on the day that Joe Smith, the famous Morman leader, was killed. Arriving in Des Moines County, Mr. Cox first located on section 3, Yellow Spring Township, where he rented a farm for two years, and then purchased 115 acres of land on section 2, where he has since resided, though the farm now comprises 400 acres of some of the finest land in the township. In August, 1844, Mr. Cox was united in marriage with Laura Hart, a native of Scioto County, Ohio, and a daughter of Daniel Hart. Twelve children were born to this union: H. Clay, who served through the war as a member of the 8th Calvary, was killed after coming home by a horse falling on him in December, 1867, at the age of twenty-five; William, now in Yankton, Dak.; Rachel, wife of William Darlington, of Clarke County, Iowa; Samuel B., residing in Dallas County, Iowa; Timothy, whose home is in Warren County, Ill.; Francis, a farmer in Yellow Spring Township; Jane, wife of Laurel Boss, of Lucas County, Iowa; Elizabeth, wife of John Purcell, of Graham County, Kan.; George, residing in Yellow Spring Township; Olive, wife of William Mickey, of Louisa County, Iowa; Josephine, wife of Joe Wilson, of Burlington; and Mary Ann, who died in childhood, in 1862. Politically, Mr. Cox is a Democrat. He is a pioneer, and one of the well-known and respected citizens of Des Moines County, and his friends and neighbors speak in high terms of him as a good citizen and a man of unimpeachable integrity.

Philip M. Crapo is a well-known capitalist of Burlington, Iowa.   He traces his ancestry back a period of over two hundred years.  Pierre or Peter Crapo, the founder of the Crapo family in America, was cast, with his brother, upon the New England coast, while yet a lad, in 1675, by the wreck of a French vessel of which his brother was commandant.  The two brothers were in a strange land without friends and without a home. The elder brother returned to France, his native land, leaving Peter with the Plymouth Colony, of Massachusetts, intending to send for him, but was never heard of afterward.  Peter Crapo remained with the Colonists, and when he arrived at manhood was united in marriage with a grand-daughter of Peregrine White.  His wife's grand-father enjoying the distinction of having been the first white child born in the Plymouth Colony.From this couple Philip M. Crapo traces direct descent.  He was born at Freetown, near New Bedford, Mass., June 30, 1844.  Childhood and youth were passed in that city, where he enjoyed the benefits of its excellent school system.  While attending the high school, he was permitted to take a special course, in preparation for a collegiate education. Spending several months in the law office of Stone & Crapo, he secured an acquaintance with the routine of office work, and there he studied rudimentary works on law.  Instead of entering college, Mr. Crapo enlisted as a private soldier in the 3d Massachusetts Infantry, serving in the Eastern Department, with headquarters at New Berne, N. C.After returning from the field, Mr. Crapo went to Michigan, where he engaged as civil engineer in the construction of a part of the line of railroad now known as the Flint & Pere Marquette.  He afterward entered the State offices at Detroit, aiding principally in preparing the Military History of Michigan.  While at Detroit, Mr. Crapo was an active member of the Young Men's Society, an organization of wealth and influence in that city; was Director of the Detroit Gymnastic Association; charter member of the Prismatic Club, a scientific and literary organization of considerable celebrity, which still exists; and also a member of the G. A. R., being one of the early Commanders of Post No. 1, of Michigan, he attending the first National Convention of the order as a representative of the State. He also took part in the services of laying the corner-stone of the Soldiers' Monument at Detroit, the first one erected in the State.During the month of April, 1868, Mr. Crapo came to Iowa, and took charge of the business of the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, in Southern Iowa, reporting to Hodge Bros., of Detroit.  Later, by contract directly with the home office, the States of Iowa and Minnesota were placed under his charge as general agent.  Subsequently the State of Minnesota was withdrawn, and the State of Nebraska added to his territory.  In 1882, Mr. Crapo was appointed as financial correspondent of the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, for the purpose of loaning funds in Iowa and Nebraska.  After this branch of the business was organized, Mr. Crapo withdrew from life insurance, resigning as General Agent, and he has since devoted himself entirely to the management of the investments of the company.  The loans which he makes are confined almost exclusively to farm lands, and although he has built up a business, the magnitude of which has perhaps not been surpassed in this department in the West, it has been done to the entire satisfaction of the interests represented.  Mr. Crapo's work has been associated with the same company for twenty years.Politically, Mr. Crapo is a Republican, and although thoroughly believing in the honorable character of conscientious service, has never been an aspirant for office, and yet he has always been an earnest worker for the advancement of the party principles.  He was Chairman of the County Central Committee, and in that capacity, in the fall of 1885, conducted as vigorous a campaign as was ever known in the county.  He is now Chairman of the Congressional Committee for the 1st District of Iowa.  His management in the campaign of 1886, by which the district was won back to the Republican ranks, was in every way satisfactory.  In 1885, Mr. Crapo was nominated for State Senator by acclamation and reluctantly consented to stand for the office, but could not overcome the large Democratic majority in the county, although running ahead of his party vote.Outside of his business, Mr. Crapo has given much time and contributed liberally to the advancement of public interests.  During several months of his early residence in Burlington, he was a contributor t and local editor of the Hawkeye, and strongly advocated a wagon bridge in connection with the railroad bridge, not then completed, across the Mississippi.  But other counsel prevailed.  He has given much time and thought to securing additional railroad competition for Burlington.  By a vigorous effort, he at one time expected to bring the Iowa Central Railroad into the city, that they might cross the river there instead of Keithsburg, but a refusal on the part of the directors to lease or sell the Burlington & Northwestern railroad prevented consummation of the plan.  By the building of a wagon and railroad bridge combined by the Burlington and Illinois Bridge Company, which Mr. Crapo has been instrumental in organizing, he now confidently expects to secure to Burlington the full benefit of the contiguous country on the other side of the river, and also to bring needed relief in the way of railroad competition.  Mr. Crapo took an active part in endeavoring to secure a branch of the National Soldiers' Home at Burlington, and, failing in that, started a movement in behalf of the disabled soldiers of Iowa, from which resulted the State Soldiers' Home, at Marshalltown.  To his systematic efforts, and a large expenditure of time and money on the part of Mr. Crapo, the existence of this institution is chiefly due. The acceptance, by the city, of the Free Public Library was accomplished when it seemed as though the scheme must fail, owing to a debt of $1,000; but Mr. Crapo started a subscription list by a liberal sum, and then raised the balance by personal solicitation, thus enabling Burlington to accept the gift free from debt.  Mr. Crapo at present fills the following offices:  President of the Burlington & Illinois Bridge Company, President of the Burlington Board of Trade, President of the Commercial Club, and President of the Burlington & Henderson County Ferry Company.  He is also Trustee of the city for the Ferry Franchise, Trustee of the Public Library, and Trustee of the Congregational Church. In the fall of 1888, an encampment of State Militia was held at Burlington.  The camp was called Camp Crapo, in his honor.  The distinction has also been conferred upon Mr. Crapo, of giving his name to the camp of Sons of Veterans, organized in Burlington.Mr. Crapo has been very strenuous in his advocacy of a better system of public improvements for the City of Burlington.  In this interest he has called public meetings of the citizens, at which advanced sentiments on this subject have been advocated and there adoption strongly urged upon the city authorities.  The result is that the improvement of some of the most important thoroughfares have been ordered, and the outlook for the rapid advancement of the material interests of he city is rendered much more encouraging.Mr. Crapo has been conspicuous for his persistent advocacy of the better improvement of the Mississippi River, maintaining strenuously that the lower rates of water transportation upon the river exerted a modifying influence upon every pound of freight which reached the banks of the great river, whether destined East or South.  His efforts in behalf of improved waterways have been recognized and acknowledged by his appointment upon the committee to prepare memorials to Congress, by not  less than five of the great conventions called to consider the question of the improvement of western waterways.Mr. Crapo has given considerable attention to the transportation question, and has great faith that the operation of the Inter-State Commerce Law, recently enacted by Congress, will tend to build up important cities on the Mississippi River, to which he believes will be restored much of its former importance as a channel of commerce.  In conformity with this view he now advocates an extensive and comprehensive system of public improvements, to prepare Burlington for a period of unequaled growth and prosperity, which he believes to be at hand, if her citizens are true to her interests and equal to the emergency.  Mr. Crapo advocates the expenditures of large sums of money for the paving of  the streets by better methods than have been heretofore employed, and an intelligent extension of the sewerage system of the city.  He has called public meetings to consider these subjects, and already considerable enthusiasm has been awakened, which it is believed will result in great benefit to the community.  Under his leadership the Board of Trade and Commercial Club are proving powerful factors in arousing the community to a realization of the fact that Burlington may become a great city, if her citizens are willing to exert themselves sufficiently to bring the desired result.An excellent steel portrait of Mr. Crapo, by that prince of engravers, Samuel Sartain, accompanies this sketch.

George W. Crawford, M. D., one of the oldest practitioners of the city, was born in Dauphin County, Pa., June 12, 1811, and is a son of William and Martha (Craine) Crawford, both of whom were natives of the same county and State. Dr. Crawford is of Scotch descent, his grandfather, Richard Crawford, coming from Scotland to America just previous to the Revolutionary War, and enlisting as a private in behalf of the Colonies, was subsequently promoted to the rank of Major, and served until the close of the war. Receiving a land warrant for his services, he located the same in Dauphin County, where that branch of the Crawford family originated.William and Martha Crawford were the parents of two children--Richard, a resident of Bridgeport, opposite Wheeling, W. Va., and George W. of this sketch. Mr. Crawford was a highly-educated man, being a graduate of Princeton College. He died in his twenty-ninth year, and his widow, who emigrated to Cincinnati, Ohio, died soon afterward in 1814. They were both reared in the Presbyterian faith, and were consistent members of that church until their death. After the death of his parents, Dr. Crawford made his home for a short time with his uncle, Rev. John W. Moody, at Shippensburg, Pa., receiving an academical education at that place, and afterward attending Jefferson College, but only taking a partial course. On leaving college he went to Cincinnati to settle up his mother's estate, but found it in such a condition that he could not realize anything, and being in limited circumstances, he concluded to remain in Ohio. Going to Hamilton, Butler County, he entered the office of Dr. Rigdon, a prominent physician of that place and remained with him for three years, then attended the Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati, and the following spring went to Defiance, where he hung out his shingle and commenced the practice of his profession.In 1850 he removed to Burlington, Iowa, and has since been actively engaged in the practice of his profession at this place. In the spring of 1873 the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Keokuk, through kindness and meritorious respect, conferred the honorary degree of M.D. upon him. The Doctor is a charter member of the Des Moines Medical Society, and was honored by being its first president.Dr. Crawford was joined in wedlock, at Hamilton, Butler Co., Ohio, with Miss Ellen Greer, a daughter of Judge Greer, who was the first judge of Butler County, Ohio. After a few years of married life, Mrs. Crawford was called to her final home, and the Doctor again married--Mary Parks, a daughter of James Parks, of Warren County, Ohio, becoming his wife. Four children, three daughters and one son, have blessed the union--Ellen, wife of James Craine, of Hamilton County, Iowa; Anna, at home; Zella, wife of James P. Joy, a lumber dealer of Chicago; and Frank, a civil engineer.The Doctor is one of the old stanch Jackson Democrats, and is always found at his post. He was appointed Pension Examiner under Arthur, through the solicitation of the two Republican physicians, and still holds his position under Cleveland. The Doctor is an old and respected citizen of Burlington, and has many warm friends.

Humphrey Crawford, foreman of the smith's department of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy shops, at West Burlington, was born in Londonderry, North of Ireland, Jan. 22, 1832, and is a son of John and Mary (Murray) Crawford.  In 1851, in company with his brother Thomas, he emigrated to America, remaining for a short time in Somerset County, N. J., where he was engaged at the trade of blacksmithing.  In that State Mr. Crawford was united in marriage with Miss Maria Kelley, who was a native of Ireland, though reared in this country, having emigrated to the United States with her parents in childhood.  In 1856 Mr. Crawford became a resident of Burlington, renting his first house from the mother of William Garrett, and his first work was for Charles Hendrie, on the ground where the Union Depot now stands.  In April, 1856, he secured employment with the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company, with which he has remained continuously since. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford are the parents of five children, one son and four daughters:  Mollie J., wife of J. C. Reed, an electrician, of Denver, Col.; Lizzie M., wife of C. G. Lemmon, ticket agent for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, at St. Louis; John H., also of St. Louis, is soliciting agent for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy; Lollie S. and Mae A. are at home.  Mr. Crawford is a friend to education, and has given his children liberal advantages for obtaining one.  In politics he is liberal, casting his vote for the man whom he thinks will best fill the office.  Religiously, the family are members of the Presbyterian Church.  Mr. and Mrs. Crawford came to Burlington in limited circumstances, but by their industry and economy have accumulated a comfortable property, and today are among the well-to-do citizens of Burlington, Iowa.

John F. Crawford, a prominent farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 30, Flint River Township, was born in Howard County, Mo., March 25, 1831, and is a son of John and Jane (Boseath) Crawford, whose sketch appears in connection with that of W. D. Crawford on another page of this work.  Our subject came to Des Moines County with his parents in 1836, where the father developed a fine farm from the wild, un-cultivated land.  Almost the entire life of John F. Crawford has been passed in this county, he having lived here since five years of age.  Here he attended the common schools, working upon his father's farm in the meantime, until 1857, when he was united in marriage with Miss Annie Allison, who was born in Lawrence County, Pa., and was a daughter of James and Martha (Gardner) Allison, both of whom were natives of the Emerald Isle.  Mrs. Crawford came from Pennsylvania to Iowa with her widowed mother, her father having died when she was quite young. Her mother also departed this life about the year 1865.  Mr. and Mrs. Crawford were the parents of two children:  Loie, wife of W. H. Scott, a farmer of Flint River Township; and Mary, who has been the housekeeper since her mother's death.  On the 10th of January, 1887, Mrs. Crawford was called from this life to the life beyond, and in her death the family lost a kind mother, the husband a loving wife.  She was a devoted and consistent Christian, a member of the Presbyterian Church, and one of Nature's noble women.  The family are also members of the Presbyterian Church. Politically, Mr. Crawford is a liberal Democrat, has always been identified with the temperance movement, and is ever ready to respond to any interest for the public good.  In 1886 he turned his attention to the raising of fine stock, Red Polled cattle and Cotswold sheep, and to him much credit is due for the fine grade of sheep in the county.  The name of Crawford has been long known throughout the county.  For over a half-century John F. Crawford has been one of its residents, its interests have been his interests, and in the work of civilization and progress he has nobly done his part.  He has one of the most beautiful farms in the county, and is highly respected by all.

William Crawford, deceased, was one of the prominent and highly respected citizens of Des Moines County.  He was born in Muskingum County, Ohio, in 1820, and his parents, William and Nancy (Crow) Crawford, were native of Belfast, Ireland.  Determining to make for themselves a home in the New World, they crossed the ocean and became pioneers of Muskingum County, Ohio, where their death occurred many years after.  Our subject was there reared upon a farm and received his education in the common schools.  In the year 1851 or 1852, he migrated to Des Moines County, Iowa, making his first purchase of land in Flint River Township, where he improved a fine farm. His sister kept house for him until Jan. 19, 1855, when he brought Miss Jane Regard to his home as his bride, and the future mistress.  Mrs. Crawford is a native of York County, Pa., and a daughter of John and Lydia (Wymiller) Regard, whose birthplace was also in Pennsylvania.  They both died in their native State, and were members of the Presbyterian Church. In 1853 Mr. Crawford sold his farm in Flint River Township, purchasing 140 acres of land on section 8, Union Township, and as the years passed, by his economy and industry, he was able to add other lands, and at the time of his death owned 264 acres of land, comprising one of the finest farms in the county.  In 1876 a splendid barn was built, and two years later the beautiful two-story farm residence was erected.  The magnificent shade trees which have been planted, and in fact all the improvements that have been made, were placed upon the land by Mr. Crawford.  He was a systematic and practical farmer and his success in his chosen occupation was entirely due to his own efforts.  He was one of Nature's noblemen, always ready to aid anyone in need, and, with his wife, was a member of the Presbyterian Church. On the 28th of April, 1878, he was called to his final rest, and by his death the family lost a kind and indulgent father, his neighbors a sincere friend, and the county an honored citizen.  In his political views Mr. Crawford was an ardent Republican. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford were the parents of eight children:  Lara E., deceased; John R., who is engaged in farming in Scotland County, Mo.; Alice, wife of T. B. Elliott, a resident farmer of Missouri; Frank W. married Miss Kittie E. Hathaway, a native of Des Moines County, now a resident of Union Township; Sarena, James H., Julia B. and Carrie J. are still residing with their mother.  Sarena is an artist of some note, and has painted many beautiful pictures.  Mrs. Crawford's grandfather, John Regard, was a resident of the Pennsylvania Colony before the Revolutionary days, and was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

William D. Crawford is a farmer residing on section 26, Danville Township, Des Moines County, Iowa. For many years the Crawford name has been one of the best known in Southeast Iowa from the fact that early in the settlement of the new Territory there came several families of the name but of no relationship, who settled in different counties, some in Washington, some in Henry, and our subject in Des Moines. Of this gentleman, who has for many years been a resident, we are glad to make mention, as his history is full of enterprise as an agriculturist, and his record as a man and kind neighbor a most enviable one. He was born in Howard County, Mo., April 5, 1822, and is a son of John and Jane (Bozarth) Crawford. John was born in Ayreshire, Scotland, and in 1818 left his native land to become a citizen of the United States. Making a location at St. Louis, he secured employment with a farmer, but being a weaver by trade, made but an ordinary farm hand. He brought a small amount of money with him from Scotland, and after remaining only a short time in the vicinity of St. Louis, started westward through Missouri, and secured lands in Howard County, which he probably entered. Being a weaver, and the settlers greatly in need of his services, John Crawford built a cabin on his land, made a loom, and for many years did little else but weave. His lands were cleared and improved by his neighbors, he weaving cloth in exchange for labor, and his farm was nicely improved during his residence in Missouri, though his own ax was little used in its development.John Crawford's wife was Jane Bozarth, of French ancestry, to whom he was married about 1820. In the winter of 1835 he sold his Missouri farm, removed to Morgan County, Ill., and in the spring of 1837 came to this county, settling near Middletown, on the farm now owned by his son John. At that date the village was not thought of, and Burlington was but a small town. Not a cabin, fence or tree ornamented the claim taken by the canny Scotchman, and the first cabin was erected after the family came, they waiting patiently while logs were cut on the Flint River, and carted to the place which became the home of a family of pioneers in the new Northwest. The claim embraced about 117 acres, which was taken before the Government surveys, and was entered by John Crawford at the first land sale held at Burlington. He later purchased other lands, and for a yoke of cattle secured a strip from James Cummings adjoining his west line, which gave him almost a quarter-section.Quite a large family of children were brought to the county by Mr. Crawford, of whom WIlliam D., our subject, was the oldest. Washington followed, then James, Minerva A., Absalom J., Robert C., John F., Emily and Joseph. The latter was born in Morgan County, Ill., and Oliver, Grandison and Anderson (twins), and Carlisle were born in this county. While there were many mouths to feed, the children aided largely in the improving of the new farm. Our subject when but fifteen years of age could drive an ox-team with all the ease of a robust man, and many broad acres of sod were first turned by his plow. His father again set up a loom and wove cloth for many years, raising the flax and wool, and at that early day the materials used in making the clothes of the family were grown and then manufactured upon the virgin soil of Iowa. Both John Crawford and wife were devoted Christians, and although he was reared in the Presbyterian faith and she a member of the Baptist Church, they decided to join the Christian Church in this county, then established on Spring Creek, Union Township. Both lived and died members of that society, he reaching the age of sixty, she surviving him until almost seventy-eight years of age.Of their children we speak individually, as all the sons were well known farmers, and the two daughters became wives of farmers. Washington was twice married. His first wife was Sarah Chapman, a sister of the wife of our subject, and the second wife was Mrs. Martha Lee, who had one son by her former marriage, Elias. Washington resides in Lee County, and is the owner of 700 acres of land; James M., the second son, resides in New London, Henry County, and owns a farm adjoining the village, wedded Ellen Abney, and after her death Mrs. Julia Weller, who was the mother of two children by her first husband; Ann, deceased wife of J. N. McGohan, a resident farmer of Danville Township; Absalom J. died unmarried; Robert C. married Sarah A. Stevenson, and resides in Middletown; John F., the owner of the old homestead, married Ann Allison, whose death occurred in the winter of 1886; Emily became the wife of Morris Bishop, a resident of Danville Township; Joseph died unmarried; Oliver P. married Eliza Weller, and is a farmer of Danville Township; Grandison married Martha Gard, and is also a resident of Danville Township; Carlisle enlisted in Company G of the 25th Iowa Infantry, and died from disease while our subject was bringing him home from the hospital at Memphis. Perhaps no family of the same number have lived for so many years in the same locality as the Crawfords, all of whom are substantial farmers.As we have now mentioned each of them, we turn again to our subject, William D., now a man grown gray in the service, and who has since his fifteenth year been a resident of the county. His wife, Margaret Chapman, was born in Kincardineshire in the south of Scotland, Sept. 1, 1824. Her father, Samuel Chapman, was a gamekeeper for Capt. Barclay. His wife was Sarah Smeed, and the family came to America in 1831, settling in 1843 where Mrs. William Carden now resides. That couple have be residents of Van Buren County, Iowa, since 1845, and are yet living at an advanced age, both in their ninetieth year. They were parents of thirteen children, eleven of whom are living.Having a neighbor whose daughter pleased him greatly, William Crawford asked for the hand of Miss Margaret Chapman in marriage, and, securing her consent, the ceremony was celebrated July 25, 1844, the Rev. John Hodgen officiating. They began life in the most primitive manner, and the story told the historian of the domestic life commenced without a dollar in money, without a chair, a bedstead, a table or cooking stove, sounds almost fabulous when looking over the broad acres so finely cultivated, and beholding the great barns, the country-house, complete in all details, and with everything in keeping which a man of means provides for his family. Yet all these were not gained in a day, a month or a year, but decade followed decade, and William Crawford found himself growing wealthy as he advanced in years. His lands bring him an abundant increase, and his flocks and herds are numerous. The rented farm was given up, lands were purchased with the profits of his labor, and 310 acres of the fertile soil are his to-day.Children came to grace their home: John S., who wedded Mrs. Hannah Morrow, is a resident of Warren County, Iowa; Sarah J., wife of J. Fred Switzer, of Clarke County, Iowa; Jeanette, wife of A. C. Hooten, of Garden City, Kan.; Thomas J. wedded Emma Bishop, and resides in Mitchell County, Kan.; Frank P., residing in Henry County, wedded Mary Cornic; Emily is the wife of Charles Dewey, of Lucas County, Iowa; Ann wedded John Brower, a farmer of Danville Township; William is the husband of Effie Linley, who is now acting as housekeeper for Mr. and Mrs. Crawford; Elizabeth is the wife of Alva McCosh, of Danville Township; and David O. is unmarried. All the sons and daughters were born, reared, educated and married in this township except John, and no family has secured a better name than they. Little by little the father accumulated his wealth, but has been liberal in its distribution among his children.For almost half a century William Crawford and his good wife have braved together the summer's sunshine and the winter's storms, and their hair is now flecked with gray. Ripe in years, they can look backward upon work well done. Forty-one grandchildren carry the Crawford blood in their veins, and also one great-grandchild, Annie M., the daughter of George and Sarah (Crawford) Darr. Mrs. Crawford is a member of the Christian Church, but her husband is a liberal thinker in a theological way. We are pleased to give them a place side by side with those of their old neighbors, by whom they have lived for almost a half-century.

John Jacob Crowder, a well-know citizen and druggist of Mediapolis, was born in Owen County, Ky., July 18, 1822, and is a son of John E. and Martha (Jarvis) Crowder, the father a native of Virginia and the mother of Maryland.  John E. Crowder emigrated to Kentucky at an early day, and there made a farm, was married and reared a family of four children.  In the fall of 1824 the family emigrated to Switzerland County, Ind., where a claim of 160 acres of Government land was entered, trees were cut down, brush cleared away, stumps grubbed up, and in the forest a fine farm was cultivated. Selling his land in 1853, Mr. Crowder removed to Versailles, Ind., where he lived a retired life during the remainder of his days, his death occurring Jan. 24, 1867, his wife also dying in that city Jan. 23, 1870.  They were both devoted members of the Missionary Baptist Church, the husband being a deacon for many years.  Without educational or financial assistance, his success in life was due to his own efforts.  He educated himself after attaining his majority, his labors gained for him a comfortable livelihood, and his liberal-mindedness and honesty won him many friends.  He was temperate in his habits, and gave his children the best education that the times and his means could afford.  His wife was a true Christian woman, and took an active part in all church work.  They reared a family of four children, of whom our subject was the youngest; James, a farmer residing near Lawrence, Douglas County, Kan.; Sarah, wife of Washington Bantar, and both died in Indiana; Elizabeth, wife of William Bantar, a resident of Jefferson County, Mo. Remaining upon the farm until sixteen years of age, J. J. Crowder went to Madison, Ind., and served an apprenticeship to the harness and saddle trade, working until Sept. 15, 1842, when, deciding to go West, he started as assistant salesman for a man who was selling woolen goods, and passing through Illinois, crossed the Mississippi at Burlington, September 28 of that year, this being his first introduction to his future home.  Going as far West as Fairfield, and by a circuitous route to Dubuque, he then proceeded to Wisconsin, stopping near Janesville, and remaining there until July, 1843, when he returned to Switzerland County, Ind., and remained there until the fall of 1844.  Mr. Crowder again started for the West as a teamster for his brother-in-law, William Bantar, the same fall returning by the way of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers by steamboat.  One year later, he again came to Des Moines County, and engaged in teaching the first school in Benton Township, which was held in a log school-house.  Going to Mt. Pleasant the following summer, he attended Howe's Academy for three terms, then was engaged in teaching at Dodgeville and in reading medicine. In August, 1849, Mr. Crowder was united in marriage with Miss Clarissa H. Cartwright, daughter of Rev. Daniel G. and Melinda Cartwright, whose history appears elsewhere.  The same fall he entered into partnership with W. H. Cartwright in the mercantile business, at Kossuth, in the first store and building erected in that place, and there he remained almost continuously until 1865, when he went to Indiana to make a home for his aged parents. While residing with his parents at Versailles, Mr. Crowder engaged in the mercantile business for two years, at the end of which time he sold out, and began the study of pharmacy with Dr. William Graves, of that city, and then engaged in the drug business until 1878.  Disposing of his business interests in that city, once more he returned to Des Moines County, settling in Mediapolis, and again engaging in the drug business.  He has a large trade, and is one of the most successful and competent druggists in the county. Mr. and Mrs. Crowder have been the parents of seven children:  William Henry, a resident of Mediapolis, who makes teaching his profession, is married to Margaret, daughter of Hon. James Bruce, of Mediapolis, and has one child, Clara, now six years old; James Riley died when but seven years of age; Frances is now the wife of T. W. Hamilton; Charles S. is a druggist of Pomona, Cal.; Jennie Kate is in California; Clara and B. J. are still with their parents.  Mr. and Mrs. Crowder are both members of the Presbyterian Church.  While in Indiana, Mr. Crowder held the office of Justice of the Peace for eight years, during which time he performed sixty-five marriage ceremonies.  Always an anti-slavery man, at the organization of the Republican party he at once enlisted in its ranks, and has always been firm in its support.  As a business man and a good citizen, he is justly held in high esteem. 

Hon. William Benton Culbertson, one of the most prominent criminal lawyers of Iowa, and a pioneer of Jefferson County of 1839, was born in Wood County, Ohio, Oct. 23, 1835, and is a son of Hon. John W. and Elizabeth A. (Eagle) Culbertson. His father, who was a native of Westmoreland County, Pa., of Irish descent, was an Indian trader among the Maumee tribe in the early days of the settlement of Ohio. His mother was born in Wayne County, Ohio, and her people were Virginians, though of English origin.William B. Culbertson was reared among the Indians until four years of age, when, in December, 1839, he came with his parents to Iowa, his father locating on Government land near Fairfield, Jefferson County, where he engaged in farming. Being a man of superior ability, he soon became prominent in public affairs, and was chosen a member of the Territorial Legislatures of 1844 and 1846. He was the first State District Clerk, his official service in that capacity being from 1847 to 1850 inclusive, and two years later he was appointed Receiver of public money at the Fairfield United States Land Office, by President Pierce. Mr. Culbertson was an earnest Democrat in his political sentiments to the time of his death, which occurred in 1884. A man of superior attainments, upright and honorable in all relations of life, both public and private, he was highly respected by all with whom he came in contact. Living as they did upon the frontier of civilization, the family was obliged to adapt themselves to primitive modes of living. While a lad our subject often drove the ox-teams which transported the wheat to market at Burlington. His education was begun in the public schools; later, when he had earned the means with which to pay expenses, he became a student of the celebrated Howe's Academy, at Mt. Pleasant, where he pursued an academic course; he subsequently entered Yale College, graduating from the law department of that institution in the class of '58. He began to practice at Fairfield, Iowa, in the following fall, and in spite of the prophecies of friends that the old saying, "A prophet is never without honor save in his own country," would prove true in his case, he built up a fine business, making criminal practice a specialty. His practice in Jefferson County was continued until 1882, when he decided to seek a broader field of operation, and came to Burlington, where he soon won a prominent place in the Des Moines County bar. Mr. Culbertson's experience in criminal practice has been varied and extensive, until he has won a reputation second to none in the State in that branch of legal business. He is a Democrat in politics, and was twice chosen a member of the Iowa Assembly, the Twentieth and Twenty-first, representing the First District during the years 1884 and 1886. He received the Democratic nomination for Congress for the First District in 1880, and made a brilliant record by receiving 17,000 votes in the election of that year, when the candidate for the preceeding election had received but 12,000, and the district, always solidly Republican before, has ever since been doubtful. Mr. Culbertson is a fluent and forcible speaker, and has the rare faculty of impressing his audience with the sincerity of his own convictions, on whatever subject he may be speaking; he is thoroughly Democratic in practice as well as in theory. His early years were passed amid the vicissitudes of pioneer times, and the money that paid his tuition and expenses at college he was obliged to earn for himself. He drove oxen on the road and at the plow, shoveled earth as a section hand on the Burlington & Missouri River Railroad, and labored at any honest employment he could find to do, until he fitted himself for his profession, and finally achieved the position to which his talent entitled him.

In February, 1866, the marriage of Mr. Culbertson and Miss S. E. Day was celebrated. She is a daughter of Timothy Day, Esq., and was born in Van Buren County, Iowa, in 1844.