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Des Moines County >> 1888 Index

Portrait and Biographical Album of Des Moines County, Iowa
Chicago: Acme Publishing, 1888.


Albert Hacker, farmer and dairyman, residing on section 20, Burlington Township, Des Moines County, Iowa, was born in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany, June 24, 1837. His parents, John and Mary Hacker, were also natives of Germany, and reared a family of five children: William, a farmer in the old country; Adolph, a cabinet-maker of Burlington; Lizzie, yet at the old home in Germany; Albert, our subject; and Herman, also a resident of Germany. Adolph was the first to leave his native land and come to America, crossing the ocean in 1847. Being well pleased with the country, he wrote back, urging the family to come, but Albert was the only one who did so, he landing in New York City, in 1864, and thence coming direct to Burlington. In his native country he had attended school until the age of fourteen (in accordance with a law made by the Government) and then learned the miller's trade. Remaining in Burlington about three weeks, he then went to Knox County, Ill., where he began working for John Famielener, continuing in his employ for three years. When he began working for that gentleman the English tongue was wholly unknown to him, but he soon mastered the language. About the year 1870, having saved his wages, Mr. Hacker again returned to Burlington, purchased a team and wagon, and then rented a farm in Burlington Township for one year. At the end of that time he bought an interest in the dairy business, and on his partner's death purchased the interest of his heirs. He now has full charge of the business, which, under such able management, is very successful. Mr. Hacker rented 150 acres, purchasing the same in 1883, at a cost of $12,000. He has erected good buildings, and made many other improvements, having on the farm seventy-five head of milch-cows besides other stock. All this has been accomplished through the honest labors of Mr. Hacker, with the assistance of his good wife, who has truly been a helpmate to him.

Mr. Hacker has been married twice. Louisa Reise was his first wife, and to them was born a daughter, Louisa. In 1874 he was again married, Mrs. Emma (Rosa) Sleighter becoming his wife. She was born July 15, 1847, and had four children by her first union--Annie, Charles, William and George. Seven children graced the second union--Albert, Edward, Caroline, Lora, Emma, Hallie and Oscar; the latter two died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Hacker are members of the First Lutheran Church, of Burlington. Mr. Hacker is one of the leading business men of Burlington Township, and, in connection with his farm and business, owns considerable other property in the city.

Henry H. Haight, deceased, one of the leading citizens and pioneers of Des Moines County, Iowa, of 1837, was born in Athens County, Ohio, in 1827, and was a son of James and Lydia (Howard) Haight, who were natives of New York. The Haight family was founded in this country by Simon and Susanna Haight, who were natives of Northumberland County, England, and came to America with the early Pilgrims of Massachusetts, settling ten miles from the present site of Boston.  Moses Haight was born in Connecticut in 1660, and from him the direct line can be traced.  His son Aaron was born in Connecticut in 1700, and his son, also named Aaron, was a native of New York, born in 1740. Aaron Haight, Jr., was the father of Cornelius, who was born in New York in 1782, and his son James was the father of our subject.  James Haight went to Athens County, Ohio, in 1816, and there married Mrs. Lydia (Howard) Fulton, who was born in 1802.  Mr. Haight was born in 1801.  They were the parents of five children:  Henry H., our subject; Daniel, a merchant of Crescent City, Cal.; Minerva, wife of Harry Burbank, a stock-dealer of Pine City, W. T.; Philip and Eliza died in childhood.  Mr. and Mrs. Haight were both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

In the year 1837, James Haight with his family emigrated from Ohio to Des Moines County, Iowa, and in the spring of 1850, in company with our subject, with ox-teams, made an overland trip to California.  They remained in that State until the fall of 1851, when they returned home, and in the spring of the following year James Haight removed his family to Del Norte County, Cal., where he spent the remainder of his life, his death occurring in 1879. Our subject came with his parents to this county in 1837, when but a lad of ten years, and here he grew to manhood.  He received such educational advantages as could be obtained in the new country, and when twenty years of age was united in marriage.  By that union seven children were born, three of whom were sons, namely:  George, who now resides in Furnas County, Neb.; James and John, now residents of Oakville, Louisa Co., Iowa.  The mother of these children departed this life in April, 1867, and Mr. Haight was again married, Sept. 4, 1872, Miss Margaret Gibson becoming his wife.  She is a native of Columbus, Ohio, and a daughter of James and Elizabeth (Martin) Gibson, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Des Moines County in 1850. Mrs. Gibson died in 1875, at the age of sixty-three years, but Mr. Gibson is still living, and resides in Kingston, Iowa.  Three children grace this union--Martha, Henry and Jessie.

Mr. Haight was one of the self-made men of Des Moines County.  By his own energy and industry he made his life a success and obtained a comfortable competency.  After having given homes to all his children he was yet the owner of 1,300 acres of land, which was well improved.  A public-spirited man, he was always ready to aid in the advancement of any social, educational or religious movement.  For twenty-two years Mrs. Haight was a teacher in the public schools of Des Moines County, in which profession she was very successful, and many of the leading men of the county were instructed by her.  Mr. Haight was a kind father, a noble-hearted man and an honorable citizen, and his death was greatly felt throughout the community. He was a member of the Baptist Church for many years, being one of its active workers, and his death occurred Sept. 9, 1887.  Mrs. Haight, who is a most estimable lady, is still living upon the farm on section 1, Benton Township.

Henry H., the only son of Henry and Margaret Haight, born Feb. 12, 1875, now resides with his mother on the old homestead, which was bequeathed to him by his father.  He will doubtless honor the name of his noble father.

Mortimer Gilbert Haight, proprietor of the Central Hotel, Burlington, Iowa, and formerly the well-known Passenger Agent of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, and Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railroads, was born in Newport, Washington Co., Ohio, on the 12th of January, 1846. His father, Gilbert K. Haight, was a native of New York, born Sept. 2, 1810. His mother, whose maiden name was Mercy Mabee, was also a native of that State, born April 15, 1811. They were married in their native State and emigrated to Ohio in 1845, locating at Newport, Washington County. They were the parents of two daughters and four sons: Sarah H., now residing at Cape Girardeau, Mo., is the widow of Andrew Gibloney; she was a graduate of the Female Seminary, Steubenville, Ohio, under Dr. Charles Beatty. Louisa, wife of Bazil Furgeson, a retired farmer of Newport, Ohio; James B., proprietor of the St. James Hotel, Marietta, Ohio; Charles C., a farmer in Linn County, Mo., was a soldier in the 12th West Virginia Infantry; George W., now engaged in mercantile business at Newport, Ohio; Mortimer Gilbert, the subject of this sketch, was next in order of birth. Gilbert K. Haight in early life was a wagon-maker by trade, following that business for several years. While on an expedition down the river with wagon-stuff, the raft on which he was riding was driven ashore at the head Raccoon Island and was totally wrecked. The island being but a short distance from the main shore, Mr. Haight, and others, endeavored to reach it by swimming, but was drowned in the attempt. His wife survived him some years, dying Nov. 6, 1869. She was a Christian woman, loving and tenderhearted, and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church for many years.

When his father died, the subject of this sketch was a mere lad, and, the family being left in limited circumstances, he was compelled to seek his own fortune. On the 22d of April, 1860, when but fifteen years of age, he left Newport without one cent of money and went to Wheeling, now in West Virginia, where he had the promise of a situation as cabin boy on the steamer "Sally List." At the breaking out of the war he was in the Government employ, and followed Grant's army up every river from St. Louis to New Orleans. He was on the boat which carried the soldiers to Fts. Henry and Donelson, and was with the fleet of 103 vessels at Pittsburg Landing. He was then with the fleet engaged in operations against Vicksburg, remaining in the vicinity of that city until its surrender to Grant, being at times in dangerous positions. After the surrender of Vicksburg the boat on which he was engaged was sent down the river, carrying supplies up the Red and Arkansas Rivers. After the close of the war Mr. Haight followed the river until 1868. In the spring of that year he went to St. Louis, where he was engaged by the Northern Line Packet Company, running between St. Louis and St. Paul. During that year a great rivalry existed between the Northern Packet and White Collar Line Company, and there was a regular scramble for business. Mr. Haight was quite active in the service of his company, which fact was noticed by the General Superintendent, who, believing him to be a valuable man for the place, sent him to Burlington to take charge of the passenger department of his company. He remained in the employ of the Northern Packet Company for two seasons, when he engaged as a salesman in a mercantile establishment in Burlington, where he remained six years. He then secured the appointment as Passenger Agent of the Diamond Jo line, and continued with that company for one season. About that time the competition between the railroad and river was very great, and Mr. Haight exerted all his power to obtain business for the company. The railroad men noticing the ability shown by him tendered him the position of City Passenger Agent of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, and B., C. R. & N. Railroad Companies, which position he accepted , and continued to act in that capacity for eleven years. In that time he became one of the best known Passenger Agents in the United States. Most persons who ever passed through Burlington will remember Mr. Haight. The kind attention shown by him to the traveling public has been appreciated to the fullest extent. No man in a like position ever received as many presents for faithful service as Mort Haight. From the Burlington Hawkeye, under date Aug. 3, 1886, the following extract is taken: "Mort Haight came out yesterday in a new uniform of glossy, spotless blue, with gold-braided sleeves bearing the initials C., B. & Q and B., C. R. & N., a new cap with a gold band, and a fifteen-cent shine on his boots. "Upon his noble Democratic bosom he wore an array of badges and pins and jewels and decorations and other adornments that more than outrivaled the display of the Grand Duke Alexis. And they were all honestly won and worn, too.

"At the top of the heap stood his old reliable 'City Passenger Agent' pin with the little lantern hanging from it, presented him years ago by the railroad people for his unfailing courtesy to travelers, his special kindnesses being shown, if at all, to the aged, infirm and unprotected. Then came the big triangular gold K. of P. badge, presented by Supreme Chancellor Van Valkenburg on account of kindnesses shown the excursionists to the New Orleans meeting of the Supreme Lodge in 1884; the gold pin of the order of the Knights of Maccabees, a memento only granted to charter members; a similar emblem of the order of Royal Arcanum, and also from the Red Cross Lodge of the A. O. U. W.; the Cleveland badge, presented him by the Henry County Democrats at the Chicago National Convention, when Cleveland was nominated; the souvenir mailed him from Toronto a few days ago by the excursionists who went through here on their way to the session of the Supreme Lodge at that place; the badge of the National Veteran Association, gained while in Chicago at the convention of 1884; the badge of the Reception Committee of the Ancient Order of Hiberians, given him during their convention here, June 15; the badge of the Women's Relief Corps, of Ohio, presented him by Commander Mrs. Battles, while on the way with her department to the G. A. R. Encampment at San Francisco, and half a dozen more similar mementos, picked up here and there during years of contact with the traveling public. Mort is a standing member of all reception committees, and his constant attention to all excursion parties, secret and civic organizations, and the people generally who travel, honorably entitles him to wear the numerous decorations he has received. The custom of presenting him with such emblems of honor was inaugurated long ago, and it seems likely to continue as long as he does."

Mr. Haight was united in marriage at Ft. Madison, Iowa, Sept. 29, 1870, with Josephine, youngest daughter of George W. and Rachel Elsroad, the former a native of Baltimore, Md., and the latter of North Carolina. They were among the earliest settlers of Ft. Madison, Iowa, in which city Mrs. Haight was born June 11, 1852. She is a member of the Presbyterian Church. Socially, Mr. Haight is a member of the Flint Hills Lodge No. 39, K. of P.; Red Cross Lodge, A. O. U. W., and the Royal Arcanum. Politically, he is a Democrat. For the past year he has been the genial landlord of the Central Hotel.    

Barnard Hale, a representative farmer residing on section 28, Washington Township, came to Des Moines County, Iowa, with his parents in 1837. He was born in Parke County, Ind., Oct. 12, 1826, and is a son of Gardner and Jane (Waters) Hale. The father was born at Providence, R. I., Aug. 30, 1795, of English ancestry, and the mother was a native of South Carolina. Gardner Hale, in his younger days, was a seaman, but went to Indiana, where he was married and engaged in farming until his removal to Iowa. His death occurred Jan. 12, 1888; his wife preceded him to her final rest about twenty years.

Our subject was the oldest in a family of twelve children. His marriage was celebrated Jan. 4, 1854, Susan B. Downer becoming his wife. She was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and is a daughter of Robert and Lydia (Babb) Downer, who were natives of Germany and early settlers of Dodgeville, Iowa. They were the parents of ten children.

The following children have been born to Mr. Hale and his wife: James R.; Angeletta; Emulus M., who died at the age of seven years; Emma S., who became the wife of Alexander Westfall, of Yarmouth, Iowa; Ellen and Willis B. Mr. and Mrs. Hale are members of the Baptist Church, of which he has been a Trustee ever since its organization. Politically, he is a Republican, has held the office of Assessor and Justice of the Peace two terms. In 1857 he purchased eighty acres of prairie land, all of which he has improved. Having learned the carpenter's trade when a young man, he built a pleasant residence upon his farm. For over a half-century Mr. Hale has been a resident of Des Moines County, and as an honored pioneer and citizen is highly respected by all. A place in the biographical record of his adopted county in due him, that coming generations may know to whom they are indebted for the great blessings which they enjoy, and the view of his homestead on another page will be looked upon with interest by his neighbors and friends.

Nottley S. Hammack, attorney at law and Justice of the Peace of Burlington Township, Des Moines County, Iowa, was born in Mercer County, Ill., Sept. 3, 1855, and is the son of Ephraim and Ellen (Moseley) Hammack.  His father was born in Perry County, Ind., and was of English descent, while his mother was born in Illinois of Southern parentage, her father being a Tennesseean and her mother a Kentuckian. Nottley S. Hammack was educated at the Baptist College of Burlington, and engaged in the study of law in the office of Hammack, Howard & Virgin, of that city, and after nearly four years of study he was admitted to the bar in 1880, entering upon the practice of his profession at Burlington.  His marriage occurred in that city, Sept. 29, 1881, Miss Molly J. Bramhall becoming his wife.  She was born at Roseville, Warren Co., Ill., is a daughter of J. H. and Mariette Bramhall, and came to Burlington with her parents in 1872.  Mr. and Mrs. Hammack have two children, a son and a daughter--Edwin D. was born in Burlington, Iowa, Oct. 25, 1882; and the daughter, Edith C. was born at the same place, July 27, 1886.  The parents are members of the Presbyterian Church.  Mr. Hammack is a Democrat in politics, is now serving his third term as Justice of the Peace, and, being a young man of more than ordinary ability, well deserves the respect tendered by those who know him.

P. W. Hanaphy, passenger conductor of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, running between Burlington and Creston, Iowa, has been an employe of the company since 1871, and a conductor for fifteen years.  Mr. Hanaphy is a native of Ireland, born in County Kings, Aug. 5, 1849, and his parents, Peter and Bedelia Hanaphy, were also natives of the Emerald Isle.  They emigrated to America in 1851, and are now residents of Henry County, Iowa. Our subject came to the United States with his parents when but two years of age, the family spending three years in New Jersey, and in 1854 became residents of Iowa, locating at Mt. Pleasant.  Mr. Hanaphy attended the public schools of that city until fifteen years of age, when he engaged in railroading as water-boy.  In 1871 he was promoted to brakeman, running on the line between Creston and Council Bluffs, and the following year was transferred to the division between Burlington and Ottumwa, and on the 22d of September, 1873, was promoted to freight conductor, continuing in that capacity until the spring of 1883, when he was made passenger conductor, having since served in that position.

On the 10th of October, 1875, Mr. Hanaphy was united in marriage with Miss Ellen Fagan, daughter of Lawrence and Mary Fagan, and a native of Hartford, Conn.  Mr. Hanaphy is a member of the Order of Railway Conductors, and in politics is a Democrat.  He is an efficient and popular officer, and has won promotion by a faithful discharge of duty in the various positions he has filled.

A. J. Hanks, who is a pioneer of Des Moines County, Iowa, resides on section 7, Pleasant Grove Township. He was born in 1815, in Grayson County, Ky., and is a son of William and Elizabeth (Hall) Hanks. The father was a native of Richmond, Va., and his sister, Nancy Hanks, was the mother of Abraham Lincoln. Mrs. Hanks was a native of Pennsylvania. In 1824 the family emigrated to Indiana, where they remained but a few months, and then removed to Sangamon County, Ill., where they made their home for one year. They then became residents of Macon County, Ill., where Mr. Hanks purchased a farm, and there resided until his death, which occurred at the ripe old age of ninety-five years. The mother departed this life at the age of seventy-four years. Mr. Hanks was enrolled as a soldier in the War of the Revolution, but the struggle was ended before he was received into active service. His occupation was that of farming and blacksmithing, and as a business man, having considerable natural ability, he was very successful. Mr. and Mrs. Hanks were the parents of eleven children, of whom our subject was the youngest, and three are still living: John, now residing in Humboldt County, Cal., is engaged in farming; Lucinda, wife of Thomas Douglas, also of California; and A. J. Hanks.

Our subject removed with his parents to Illinois, where, on the 17th of March, 1837, he was united in marriage with Melinda Porter, a native of Sangamon, Ill., and a daughter of Henry Porter. Two years later, Mr. and Mrs. Hanks decided to make their home in Iowa, and emigrated to Des Moines County, reaching their destination March 9, 1839. Mr. Hanks entered 200 acres of land in Pleasant Grove Township, from which he had to grub the brush and roots from all but eight acres. He built a small cabin, immediately began the cultivation of his farm, and here has lived for almost half a century, having added to his possessions till he owned about 614 acres, though he has now given it all to his children except a small tract of twenty-four acres, which he retains for his own use. Since settling in this county, he has witnessed and aided in the development which has transformed the unbroken prairie into beautiful farms and homes, has seen the rapid progress which has been made in founding schools and establishing churches, and may well feel an honest pride in knowing that, with other pioneers, he has been instrumental in raising Des Moines County to its present high position in the great State of Iowa.

To Mr. and Mrs. Hanks were born nine children: Caroline, wife of William Hawks, of Phillips County, Kan.; Elizabeth, wife of James McNeil, a resident of Pleasant Grove Township; Charles, whose home is also in Pleasant Grove Township; Mary Ann, widow of A. C. Shepherd, who laid down his life in defense of the union; Melinda wedded Milton Evans, of Pleasant Grove Township; Nancy is the wife of Newton De Spain, of Pleasant Grove Township; William Henry, also residing in the same township; Celia, wife of G. W. Matthews, of Pleasant Grove Township; and Matilda, wife of John Carter, of Pleasant Grove Township. The mother of these children, who was a member of the Baptist Church, died on the 29th of April, 1856, and Mr. Hanks was then married to Sophia Rowe, a native of New Jersey. Her death occurred Aug. 27, 1879, and on the 7th of January, 1881, Mrs. Milcah (Gardiner) Morand became his wife.

Mr. and Mrs. Hanks are members of the Church of God. He has been a deacon in the church for many years, and is a liberal contributor to all its needs. He has held the office of Township Trustee and various other township offices, and has never had a lawsuit in his life, of which fact few can boast. Mr. Hanks received but limited educational advantages, his education being mostly obtained through his own efforts. He commenced life a poor boy, but by hard work and good management has been remarkably successful financially, and has aided his children materially, giving to all good homes. During the fifty years of his residence in Des Moines County he has gained the confidence and good-will of the people by his honesty and integrity, and as a citizen receives the highest respect and esteem of all.

James Hannum, a farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 1, Franklin Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa, was born in Crawford County, Pa., Sept. 5, 1806.  At the close of the War of 1812 his father, Jacob Hannum, who had received a land warrant for services during that war, removed with his family to Washington County, Pa.  The land warrant which the father had received turned out to be a forgery, and the rightful owner took possession of the land.  The Hannum family remained in that county for a short time, but later removed to Columbiana County, Ohio, where the death of the father occurred.

After the death of his father James Hannum made his home both in Pennsylvania and Ohio until 1828, when he was united in marriage with Jane Baird, a native of Washington County, Pa., and a daughter of Samuel and Jane (Anderson) Baird, who were native of Ireland.  After their marriage the young couple began their domestic life upon a rented farm in that county, Mr. Hannum working on shares.  After making that their home for awhile, they removed to Jefferson County, Ind., from there to Guernsey County, Ohio, where they remained a short time, and later became residents of Pittsburgh, and in 1851 decided to come to Iowa, reaching Burlington in April of that year.  A farm of 204 acres was purchased on section 1, Franklin Township, and Mr. Hannum immediately began the improvement of his land, and here he has ever since resided.  On the 3d of May, 1887, his wife was called to her long rest.  She was seventy-seven years of age, and with her husband, was a devoted member of the United Presbyterian Church.  Mr. Hannum has been elected to various township offices, and filled each position with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his constituents.  From the earliest times he was an Abolitionist, and upon the organization of the Republican party joined its ranks, and has ever stood firm in support of its principles.  Mr. Hannum is one of the pioneer settlers of this county, has aided in its advancement and progress, has been liberal in his support of its institutions, and is everywhere respected and esteemed.

Mr. and Mrs. Hannum were the parents of nine children:  John enlisted in the 6th Iowa Infantry, served three years, then re-enlisted, was killed in the charge on Little Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia, and now sleeps in an unknown grave in the sunny South; Alexander, who served in the Colorado State Militia, died in Burlington, in 1882; Samuel is a resident farmer of Kansas; William is engaged in farming in Washington County, Iowa; James died in California; Joseph was a member of the 14th Iowa Infantry (see his sketch); Finley was a farmer of Concordia, Kan., and is now living a retired life, and Hugh and Thomas are deceased.

Joseph Hannum, a farmer residing on section 1, Franklin Township, Des Moines County, Iowa, is descended from good old Revolutionary stock.  He was born in Guernsey County, Ohio, July 2, 1842, and began his school life in Pittsburgh, Pa., having gone to that city with his father, James Hannum, whose sketch appears on another page of this work.  At the age of nine our subject became a resident of Des Moines County, where he has since made his home, and where he engaged in farming until Oct. 10, 1861, when he enlisted in the 14th Iowa Infantry for three years.  He took part in all the engagements of the gallant 14th Iowa from the time it was mustered into service until its discharge Nov. 15, 1864, and participated in the battles of Ft. Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, Pleasant Hills and many others.  Although but a youth, he was ready and willing to accept the trust of defending the nation from its foes with others of the brave boys in blue.  From the history of his ancestors, who served in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, he learned the lessons of patriotism, and during his service fought nobly in defense of the stars and stripes which now float so proudly over our united nation.

Returning from the war, Mr. Hannum again engaged in his life occupation of farming, and on the 6th of May, 1878, was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth C. Robins, who was born in Des Moines County, Iowa, March 7, 1858, and is a daughter of Cornelius and Jane (Holcomb) Robins.  Her father departed this life in 1863, and her mother is a resident of Winfield, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Hannum have been the parents of four children:  Harvey, born Sept. 1, 1881; Jennie, born May 19, 1883; Finley, born March 7, 1885; and Sarah, born Aug. 11, 1886.  Mr. Hannum is a member of the G. A. R., Shepherd Post No. 157, of Mediapolis, and in politics is an ardent supporter of the Republican party.  He has always followed the occupation of farming, and is now the owner of 102 acres of fine land.

H. C. Harper, grain and coal dealer, of Mediapolis, Iowa, was born in Fayette County, Ohio, March 2, 1832, and is a son of William and Sarah H. (Campbell) Harper, the former a native of Ohio, and the latter of Kentucky. William Harper was born in Fayette County, July 12, 1803, and was a son of William and Nancy (Ferris) Harper, both of whom were natives of Berkeley County, Va., the father being of Irish descent, the mother of Scotch.

William, father of our subject, was reared on a farm in his native county, and was there married to Sarah H. Campbell, in 1825.  Making that their home for twenty years, they then removed to Des Moines County in October, 1845, when our subject was a lad of but thirteen years.  Settling in Yellow Spring Township, Mr. Harper purchased eighty acres of partly improved land, upon which he lived until his death, being called to his final rest May 12, 1851, when forty-eight years of age.  Mrs. Harper, the mother of our subject, was born May 5, 1806, and is still residing at Mediapolis with her daughter, Mrs. Heizer.  This worthy couple had a family of twelve children, four of whom reside in this county:  Our subject; Nancy, wife of William Husted, a resident of Yellow Spring Township; Louisa, the widow of Henry Heizer, living in Mediapolis; and Harriet, wife of John R. Hutchcroft, a resident farmer of Yellow Spring Township.

For over forty-two years H. C. Harper has been a resident of Yellow Spring Township.  He was reared upon his father's farm, receiving his education at the district school, and after the death of his father took charge of the farm, the whole care of his mother and the younger children devolving upon him.  On the 23d of January, 1861, Mr. Harper was united in marriage with Sarah J. Stahl, a native of the Buckeye State, born in Fairfield County, and a daughter of B. F. Stahl, now residing in Mediapolis, of whom a history is given elsewhere in this volume.  Shortly after their marriage the young couple began their domestic life on a farm on section 13 of Yellow Spring Township.  This farm has previously been purchased, in 1854, by Mr. Harper, it being 120 acres in extant, and there this worthy couple passed a quarter of a century of happy married life.  The farm was rented in 1886, the family removing to Mediapolis, where Mr. Harper engaged in the coal and grain business, also keeping a full line of agricultural implements in their season.

Mr. and Mrs. Harper have been the parents of three children, two sons and a daughter;  William E. is now engaged in the harness business at Mediapolis; Benjamin F. resides at home and is his father's assistant; Mary L., the only daughter, died when but fifteen months old.  The parents are both members of the Presbyterian Church.  Politically, Mr. Harper casts his ballot with the Republican party, and has held various township offices.  He and his family are highly respected in the community where they reside, and are numbered among Des Moines County's best citizens.

Hon. William Harper, of Mediapolis, Des Moines Co., Iowa , is numbered among the pioneers of 1842. He is a native of Ross County, Ohio, born Nov. 3, 1819 . His father, Joab Harper, was a native of Pendleton County , Va. , now West Virginia , while his mother, Lydia (Jones) Harper, was a native of Augusta County, Va. His paternal grandfather, Adam Harper, was also a native of Pendleton County , but of German descent. By occupation he was a farmer, as was his son Joab. The latter was a very conservative man, yet strong in his convictions of right. A member of the Presbyterian Church, he was a strong believer in the doctrinal teachings of that body, and continued firm in the faith until his death, which occurred Sept. 17, 1882 , at the ripe old age of eighty-seven. His wife preceded him to the eternal world several years, dying at the age of seventy-four. They reared a family of six children, of whom five are yet living: William, the subject of this sketch; John, a resident farmer of Yellow Spring Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa; Robert J., of Manhattan, Kan., is now Clerk of the Court of Riley County, and was formerly Judge of the Probate Court; Joab, a furniture dealer at Great Bend, Kan.; Anna, wife of Edward Heizer, of Yellow Spring Township; Adam, who died at the age of seventeen years.

William Harper, of whom we now write, like the great majority of able men in the country, was reared upon a farm and was early made acquainted with a life of toil. In the district schools of his native State he received the rudiments of an English education, and at the age of nineteen made teaching his occupation in the winter time, working upon a farm in the summer. For three years he continued thus alternately to employ his time, and then resolved to go West. The fame of Iowa, "the beautiful land," so named by the Indians that had for years inhabited this favored region, had spread abroad, and he resolved to there abide and make for himself a home. In October, 1842, he first crossed the "Father of Waters," making his way to North Prairie, in what is now Yellow Spring Township , where he determined to locate. The winter following his arrival he taught a term of school in a log cabin church, and in February, 1843, made his first purchase of land, being ninety-five acres on section 17, Yellow Spring Township . On the land was a small cabin, which had been erected but a short time, while five acres of the ground had been broken. Soon after making his purchase he returned to Ohio , and on the 7th day of August, 1844, was united in marriage with Miss Harriet Heizer, a native of Ross County, Ohio, and daughter of Samuel and Polly Heizer, who were natives of Virginia , but of German descent. Soon after their marriage the young couple started with a team to their prairie home, arriving here Oct. 3, 1844 . Moving into the cabin, they lived in frontier style for four years, when Mr. Harper erected the commodious dwelling-house which yet stands upon the place, and in which the family lived until 1877, when they moved to the village of Mediapolis . To his original purchase Mr. Harper added other lands, until he had a fine farm of 210 acres, which he still owns. In 1877 he built a handsome residence in Mediapolis, which he now occupies. One child blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Harper, Lurissa Jane, who was educated at the State University , and is now the wife of Hon. William E. Fuller, of West Union, Iowa, an attorney-at-law, who is now serving his second term as Member of Congress, representing the Fourth Congressional District. Mr. Fuller is a man of fine ability, and is fast making a record as one of the leading men of the State. Like his father before him, William Harper is a man of strong convictions. When once his mind is made up it will require overwhelming proof that he is wrong before he can be changed, but on no question of public interest does he hastily come to a conclusion, but believes in investigating thoroughly every subject. In early life, and until he reached middle age, he was a stanch Democrat, and by that party was elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Third General Assembly of the State, in which position he served in a creditable manner and to the satisfaction of his constituents. In educational matters he always took great interest, his experience as a teacher giving him an insight as to the needs of the school system. Knowing his interest in such matters, his party placed him in nomination for the office of County Superintendent of public schools, to which position he was elected and re-elected, serving in all six years. While acting with the Democratic party, he was always strongly opposed to slavery, and when, as he thought, the question could no longer be evaded, he severed his connection with the Democratic party and became just as ardent an advocate of the principles of the Republican party. As a Republican, Mr. Harper was elected in 1870 a member of the Thirteenth General Assembly and served one term, since which time he has held no political office, though still retaining his interest in political affairs. It is due him however, to state that he was never an aspirant for political favors, and that his preference has always been to live in private. His service in official stations has always been through the earnest solicitations of friends. The religious faith of Mr. Harper's father was inherited, and in his advocacy of the cardinal points of Presbyterianism he is energetic and well grounded in "the hope set before him." Becoming a member of the church at an early age, he has at all times been an ardent worker in the cause of his Master, the church and the Sabbath-school being to him an ark of refuge. For thirty-three years he has served as a Ruling Elder, and in that office has shown rare gifts of one who "ruleth well," and who has a love both for the cause and those who advocate it. Twice has he been sent by the Presbytery of Iowa as a delegate to the General Assembly of the United States , the first time in 1856 at New York City , and again in 1876, at Brooklyn , N. Y. This is an honor of which he may well be proud, especially as he was chosen among many who would have been pleased to attend, and who were well qualified to discharge the duties of a delegate. Mr. Harper became a member of the first Presbyterian Church organized in his locality, the old Round Prairie Church, with which he was connected for some years, transferring his membership to the Yellow Spring Presbyterian Church at the time when a large number of the two bodies united in a new organization, on account of the slavery question. When the church at Mediapolis was organized, he entered into relationship with it, assisted in its organization, and became one of the first Ruling Elders, in which position he has continued to act to the present time. In all work the aid and encouragement of a good wife is very beneficial, but especially is this so in the work performed for our Master, and in this way has Mrs. Harper been truly a helpmate. She, too, is a member of the Presbyterian Church; her zeal is untiring, her labor unceasing, and the reward of a true Christian life will surely be hers. An earnest Christian lady, she wins the love and respect of all.

In the building of the old Jefferson Academy , subsequently known as the "Yellow Spring Collegiate Institute," and later as " Yellow Spring College ," Mr. Harper was quite active, and was the President of the Board of Directors during the entire existence of the institution. As long as the college existed he was one of its stanchest friends. But it has not alone been in church and educational matters that Mr. Harper has been active, but in all questions of reform, and in every legitimate public enterprise. None has ever been more willing to do his part in anything tending to the public good, and in the discharge of the public duties he has often had to sacrifice his own convenience and work at a personal loss. Few men in Des Moines County are better known, and none more universally respected. Age does not dim his faculties, or quench his desire to be of some service to the world, and to do good to his fellowmen.

Since his removal to Mediapolis Mr. Harper has been engaged in the real-estate and loan business. Since 1850 he has been a Notary Public, receiving his first commission from Gov. Hempstead. As administer and executor he has administered on more estates than any man in Des Moines County , and no charge of misappropriation of funds has ever been laid at his door. Honest and upright in his dealings, considerate of the feelings of others, it is not to be wondered that he enjoys the confidence of his fellowmen in an eminent degree. The life of such a man is a perpetual lesson to the rising generation.

J. D. Harvington, a farmer residing on section 31, Washington Township, came to Des Moines County, Iowa, in 1862, purchasing eighty acres of land, which was then unimproved, where he has since made his home. The work of cultivation was immediately begun, and he at one time owned forty more acres, but subsequently sold it. He was born in Oswego County, N. Y., March 26, 1825, and is a son of Leonard and Mary (Dixon) Harvington, the father a native of Vermont and the mother of Ireland. Leonard Harvington was a farmer by occupation, and was killed by a falling limb of a tree. His widow came to Des Moines County, Iowa, with our subject, with whom she resided until her death, which occurred Nov. 1, 1869. She was a member of the Baptist Church.

On the 15th of September, 1851, Mr. Harvington lead to the marriage altar Miss Elizabeth Chapman, of Jefferson County, N. Y. She was born Jan. 15, 1830, and is a daughter of Boynton and Sabina (Pennell) Chapman, the former a native of New Hampshire, the latter of New Jersey. They resided in New York, and Mrs. Harvington was their only child, but after the death of his first wife Mr. Chapman was again married, and two children were born of the union. To Mr. and Mrs. Harvington have been born one child, a daughter, Agnes, who is now a student, a young lady of much promise. Our subject had learned the tailor's trade in his youth, and followed that vocation until he became a resident of this county. Politically, he affiliates with the Democratic party. Himself and his wife are both members of the Baptist Church and everyone who knows this worthy couple recognizes in them the elements of true Christian people.

Thomas Hedge, attorney-at-law, of Burlington, Iowa, was born in that city, June 24, 1844.  His father, Thomas Hedge, Sr., was a pioneer of Des Moines County of 1836.  His mother's maiden name was Eliza Burr Eldridge.  Both were natives of Yarmouth, Mass., were of old New England families and of English origin.  The first member of the Hedge family who emigrated to America was Capt. William Hedge, who came in 1638, and settled in Yarmouth, Mass.  The maternal side of the house also dates back the history of its establishment in America to the days of the Puritans.

Thomas Hedge, Jr., received his primary education in the schools of his native city, and then took a preparatory course at Philips Academy, Andover, Mass., from which he was graduated in 1861.  The following year he entered Yale College as a student, but was interrupted in his course of study by the late war, and enlisted in the 106th New York Infantry.  He was promoted to the rank of Second Lieutenant and served one year.  Returning once more to school, he was graduated from Yale College in 1867, and afterward became a student of the Columbia Law School of New York City, completing the course in 1869.  He returned at once to Burlington and began the practice of his profession, as a clerk in the office of P. Henry Smyth, of that city.  For the past ten years Mr. Hedge has been in partnership with Mr. J. W. Blythe, the present solicitor of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, under the firm name of Hedge & Blythe.

On the 8th of January, 1873, Mr. Hedge led to the marriage alter Miss Mary Frances Cook, daughter of Hon. Lyman Cook, of Burlington, Iowa.  Four children were born of their union, two sons and two daughters:  Thomas, born Sept. 27, 1874; Lyman Cook, Jan. 16, 1877; Anna Louise, Dec. 6, 1882, and Henry Lorrain, June 15, 1885.  Mr. Hedge is an earnest Republican in his political sentiments, is a most excellent lawyer, and has the respect of all who know him.

Thomas Hedge, Sr., a pioneer of Burlington, Iowa, of 1836, and for many years one of the most prominent and respected business men of that city, was born in Yarmouth, Mass., Feb. 14, 1815, and was descended from English ancestry.  The first of his family to come to America was Capt. William Hedge, master of an English vessel, which he sailed from London to Boston in 1638, and effected a settlement at Yarmouth.  His lineal descendant, James Hedge, the father of the subject of this sketch, was also a sea captain, and during the later years of his life a farmer of Yarmouth.  His death occurred in 1854.  Thomas Hedge was brought up on his father's farm, receiving his education in the public and private schools of Yarmouth.  When seventeen years of age he went to Boston, where he was employed as clerk for two years in a commission house.  He then entered the counting-room of Burgess & Sons, a house extensively engaged in the West Indian trade, and was at first employed as bookkeeper; and later was sent to Cuba, in the interest of the house.  At the expiration of eight months, having completed the business on which he had been sent, he returned to Boston, and in the fall of 1836 undertook to establish himself in business in the then far West, and in company with two other young men came to Burlington, then but a frontier hamlet situated on territory from which the native Indians had but recently been transferred.  He spent three years in mercantile business at that place, when, not finding the conditions of the frontier civilization favorable for money making, he sold out and returned to Boston.  Upon his return to that city he re-entered the service of his old employers, Messrs. Burgess & Sons, and was once more assigned to duty in Cuba.  After an absence of four years in that country, he returned to Massachusetts, to consummate an important event in his life, and was married at his native town (Yarmouth) to Miss Eliza B. Eldridge in September, 1843.  Soon after his marriage Mr. Hedge returned to Burlington, Iowa, bringing with him a stock of merchandise, with which he opened a general store.  He continued in that business from 1843 to 1858, when he sold out and engaged in banking, as a member of the firm of Lauman, Hedge & Co.  Form 1861 to March, 1862, he was carrying on a general produce trade.  He then became satisfied that the lumber business was likely to prove more profitable, and became associated with the Gilbert Brothers, in that line.  In 1865 the firm of Gilbert, Hedge & Co. was formed, of which he was an active and influential member, and with which he was associated during the remainder of his life.  The firm purchased large tracts of pine lands in Wisconsin which proved very valuable, and their business in Iowa grew to important proportions, so that at the close of his life Mr. Hedge left a large and valuable estate.  His death occurred Jan. 8, 1885.  Mr. Hedge was a Whig in early life and later a Republican, but he was never an active partisan.  Still he took an active part in public affairs, and served in various public capacities, in a manner that was beneficial to the public and creditable to himself.  In 1861, when the system of county government was changed from the Commissioner to the Supervisor plan, he was chosen a member of the first Board of Supervisors of Des Moines County, was re-elected, and served during the years 1862-63.  In 1870, when the number of Supervisors was reduced from thirteen to three, he was chosen a member under the new system, and was re-elected for the years 1871-72.  For two years he served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the State Insane Asylum, and was also a member of the first Board of Directors of the First National Bank of Burlington.  He took an active interest in all public enterprises calculated to benefit the city or county, and was liberal in support of schools and churches.  In 1854 he united with the Congregational Church of this city, to the support of which he was a liberal contributor.

In all the relations of life, both public and private, he was known as a genial, kindly, Christian gentleman, whose integrity was above question, and was commanded and enjoyed the highest respect and friendly regard of all who knew him.  Mrs. Hedge, a lady possessing many excellencies of character, died in May, 1869, leaving two children, a son and daughter.  The son, Thomas Hedge, Jr., is a practicing attorney of Burlington, and a member of the law firm of Hedge & Blythe (see sketch elsewhere in this work).  The daughter, Anna B., is the wife of Mr. Charles P. Squires, a wholesale druggist of Burlington.

John J. Heider, deceased, was born in the city of Elberfeldt, Prussia, in 1830, and came with his parents to America in 1833, when but three years of age.  They landed in New York, and after remaining there for a time the family resided in Baltimore for a year.  They subsequently took up their residence in the then western country of Ohio, locating at Marietta.  Our subject received his education in that city, the family making it their home until 1846, when, again taking up the line of westward march, they this time located in Ft. Madison, Iowa, remaining there for a few years, and then removed to Sigourney, Keokuk Co., Iowa.  At that place John Heider began the study of law with Solomon Start, and after being under his teaching for two years, he attended a law school, and was then admitted to the bar in 1856, forming a partnership with his old tutor, under the firm-name of Start & Heider, continuing to practice in that relation about two years.

On the 10th of June, 1857, Mr. Heider was united in marriage with Martha E. Eystone, who was born in Richland, Rush Co., Ind., and is a daughter of John and Alice (Armacost) Eystone.  She emigrated with her parents to Washington County, Iowa, in 1848, and while attending school in the city of Washington, became acquainted with, and married Mr. Heider.  After his marriage, having dissolved partnership with Mr. Start, Mr. Heider removed to Sigourney, Keokuk Co., Iowa, there forming a partnership with G. D. Wooden.  The young couple resided in that city until 1859, then removed to Osceola, Clarke Co., Iowa, where he was also engaged in practicing his profession with Charles E. Millard.  In May, 1861, Mr. Heider permanently located in Burlington, opened a law office, and in the spring of 1863, was elected to the office of City Treasurer, filling the position so satisfactorily that he was re-elected for five or six terms, finally refusing to serve any longer.  He was elected by the Republican party, and his work being so well performed there was no opposition.  During the time which Mr. Heider held the position of City Treasurer he was also engaged in the insurance business, and during the last five years of his life was special agent for the German Insurance Company, of Freeport, Ill., and under his management the interests of the company were rapidly advanced.

Mr. Heider took an active part in all political and public matters, and was a member of the Presbyterian Church, in which he held the office of Treasurer.  Socially, Mr. Heider was a member of the Masonic fraternity, the A. O. U. W., Legion of Honor, the B. A. S., and Secretary of the Building and Loan Association.  Starting in life a poor boy, by his honest and untiring labors, Mr. Heider amassed quite a competence.  On the 18th of March, 1883, he was called from this busy life to the land of rest, and in his death the State lost one of its best citizens, his acquaintances a noble friend, and the family a kind husband and father.  Mr. and Mrs. Heider were the parents of five children, of whom Estella, Cora and Edwin died in infancy; Harry W. and Walter H. are still living.  Mrs. Heider, who is a most estimable lady, is also a member of the First Presbyterian Church. During his life Mr. Heider ever bore the reputation of a thoroughly upright man, and at his death left to his children the priceless heritage of a good name.

Joseph S. Heizer was born in Yellow Spring Township, Jan. 7, 1848, and there yet resides upon a fine farm of 175 acres on section 30.  He is a son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Brown) Heizer.  His early life was spent upon the farm, his education being received at the district schools, supplemented by a course in the Yellow Spring College at Kossuth.  At he age of twenty he began working for his father on shares, and two years later, having accumulated sufficient capital, purchased eighty acres of partly improved land on section 22 of the same township.  On the 3d of September, 1868, Mr. Heizer was united in marriage with Martha Stathem, who was born in Yellow Spring Township, April 22, 1850, and is a daughter of Charles O. and Mary (Hughes) Stathem, the father, a native of New Jersey, and the mother of Ohio.  Mr. and Mrs. Stathem were early settlers of Des Moines County, having located on section 19, Yellow Spring Township, in 1845.  This continued to be their home until death of the husband, which occured Nov. 21, 1875, at the age of sixty-three years.  His wife still survives him and is a resident of Kossuth.  In early life Mr. Stathem became a member of the Presbyterian Church and was ever one of the active workers.  He was a good Bible student, and in connection with his Church work aided greatly in the advancement of the educational interests of the township.  A strong advocate of abolition principles, he did all in his power to abolish slavery, and was likewise always firm in his support of temperence principles.  He reared a large family of children, three of whom are residents of this county:  Mary Naomi, residing in Kossuth with her mother; Sherman, residing on section 19, Yellow Spring Township; and Martha, wife of our subject. 

Shortly after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Heizer took up their residence on the farm purchased by the husband, and there they resided for six years.  In 1876 this land was sold and 100 acres on section 30 of the same township were purchased, and there the family has since resided.  More lands were added, until now the farm consists of 175 acres of the finest cultivated land in that section of the county.  Mr. and Mrs. Heizer are the parents of five children, all of whom are living:  Edward H., Charles B., Nathaniel, Irene A. and Morris B.  Mr. and Mrs. Heizer are both members of the Presbyterian Church, of which he is a Deacon, and he has also held the office of School Director.  He is a systematic farmer, everything upon his lands denoting thrift and industry, and as one of the prominent citizens of the county is greatly esteemed.

Joshua Heizer, a retired farmer residing in Mediapolis, Des Moines County, Iowa, is one of he pioneer settlers and prominent citizens of Des Moines County.  He first came to this county in the fall of 1842, crossing the Mississippi River at Burlington, Oct. 15 of that year.  At that time the country was almost an unbroken wilderness.  Indians might frequently be seen on the prairies, and all kinds of wild game abounded.  The now populous city of Burlington was then but a small village.  The work of civilization and progress, which now places Des Moines County among the first of the State, was carried on largely by these early pioneers, of whom Mr. Heizer was one of the most active.  He was born in Augusta County, Va., Nov. 8, 1814, and is a son of Samuel and Mary (Ware) Heizer, the father a native of Virginia and the mother of Pennsylvania.  When but three years old his parents removed to Ross County, Ohio, where the father secured land and made a farm in the forest, residing there the remainder of his life.  He reared a family of thirteen children, twelve of whom reached maturity, and six are now living.  The father of these children died at the fifty-two, but the mother survived him many years.  He was a conservative man and possessed excellent business faculties.  He and his wife, together with their children, were members of the Presbyterian Church, and the parents were both of German ancestry.

Our subject was reared upon the farm in Ohio, and what limited educational advantages he received were obtained in a log school-house.  He resided with his mother till his marriage, which occurred Aug. 30, 1837, Miss Isabel Hughes becoming his wife.  She was born in Virginia and is a daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (McClair) Hughes, both of whom were natives of Scotland.  The young couple began their domestic life in a cabin which had been purchased and removed to a part of the father's farm, and which continued to be their home for a year.  At the expiration of  that time land was purchased in the edge of the timber, trees were cut down, and there the family lived for three years.  Deciding to go West in the fall of 1842 they came to Des Moines County, locating at Hickory Point, Yellow Spring Township.  Mr. Heizer purchased twenty-two acres of timber land on section 20, where they resided for the first year, and in the fall of 1843 he became the owner of forty acres of raw land on section 17.  A cabin was built into which the family moved, and the ground was cleared and cultivated until it is now one of the finest farms in the county.  The little cabin has long since given way to a comfortable dwelling, and more land was added to the original purchase until the farm became 160 acres in extent.

Mr. and Mrs. Heizer have had four children:  Alexander, a Presbyterian minister, now residing in Lucas, Iowa; Harriet, who died in infancy; Jane, who died May 5, 1872, at the age of twenty-seven years; and Cyrus, a Unitarian minister, now preaching at Manchester, N. H.  On the 1st of March, 1876, Mr. and Mrs. Heizer left their farm and removed to the town of Mediapolis, where they have since continued to reside.  Both have been consistent members of the Presbyterian Church since childhood, and the husband has held the office of Deacon for thirty-five years.  He has also held several township offices of trusts, is Republican in politics, and is an advocate of the prohibition laws.  Mr. Heizer's success in life has been due to his own efforts.  Coming to this county poor in this world's goods, by hard work he was enabled to save money enough to purchase a few acres, and by his industry and economy, assisted by the labors of his most estimable wife, he at length gained a most comfortable competency and in his old age can reap the rewards of a well-spent life.  With two sons ministers of the gospel, with the respect and esteem of their neighbors and the good will of all who know them, this worthy couple are indeed happily situated.

John N. Held, commercial traveler and one of the early settlers of Burlington, Iowa, was born in South Baden, Germany, May 16, 1832, and is a son of Joseph and Gertrude (Groman) Held, He grew to manhood in his native land and there received a common-school education. Hearing of the good openings in this country, and having an uncle in New York, Mr. Held left his home at the age of seventeen and emigrated to the United States. Landing in New York City, he there spent a short time with his uncle and then went to Allegheny County, Pa., where he was employed in the boot and shoe trade. In 1851, he traveled extensively over the Middle and Northwestern States in search of a location, and in 1854, settled permanently in Burlington, where he was employed in the construction of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad on the first section that was built. In 1857 Mr. Held embarked in the grocery business on the corner of Maple and Tenth streets, following that occupation for about eighteen months, and in 1860 entered the store of T. W. Barhydt. Three years later, he went on the road as a traveling salesman, selling boots and shoes, and remained in that employment until 1870. From that time until 1885, he traveled for A. G. Adams, wholesale boot and shoe dealer of Burlington, and then entered the employ of Mr. Barhydt, with whom he still continues.

Mr. Held was married in McKeithsport, Allegheny Co., Pa.--Miss Louisa Bach becoming his wife. Nine children have been born to this union: Mary, Charles H., Emma, Louisa, Annie, Lydia, Minnie, William and John N., Jr. Mr. Held is a member of Burlington Lodge, No. 20, A. F. & A. M., and in politics he is a Democrat. He commenced at the lowest round of the ladder of life to work his way up to success and fortune, and by close attention to business has accumulated a comfortable property and has a fine residence on the corner of Barrett and South Boundary streets.

John Hemmings, deceased. England has given largely of her people for the settlement and development of the new Northwest, as attested by many sketches of men of note who have been important factors in this and other counties of Iowa. John Hemmings was born in Northamptonshire, England, and is a son of Thomas and Catherine (Nutt) Hemmings, both natives of the same county in England. John learned the miller's trade in his native land; his father, however, although an engineer by trade, became a farmer during the last years of his business life, but now lives retired upon a farm, and has reached a ripe age. The death of his wife occurred in 1879, at their home in Overthorpe, and he remained true to her memory. They were parents of several children, of whom we mention: Thomas, who went to New Zealand, and married a lady in that country, dying a few months after his marriage and leaving an immense fortune to his widow; William, married Joyce Carrington in England, where their eldest son was born, and after their emigration to America, in 1855, he became a resident of Lee County, Iowa; John, our subject, came to this country with his brother William, but located near Denmark, in Des Moines County; Mary A. is yet a resident of England, and the wife of Obadiah Duntling; James is married, and also resides in England; Rosanna is unmarried, and keeps house for her brother Caleb, who is also single.

The marriage of John Hemmings was celebrated in the city of Burlington soon after his arrival in America, Miss Mary Wilks, whom he had long known in England, becoming his wife Nov. 17, 1859. In company with her widowed mother, who yet finds a happy home with her daughter, she left her native land and settled in Des Moines County, in 1859. Mr. Hemmings purchased an unimproved tract of land in Augusta Township, which he converted into a nice farm before becoming a resident of Danville Township. Six years after their marriage he purchased a farm in the latter township, upon which his family now reside, and for many years he enjoyed the highest degree of prosperity, being noted as one of the most successful men in the neighborhood. All his cares were lightened by his good wife, who was always pleased with the country, and being the only child of fond parents, she has shown her love toward them by caring for her mother, who has found a home with her ever since her marriage. Jesse Wilks, her father, was a carpenter during his business life, in Oxfordshire, England, but died a short time before the birth of his daughter Mary. His wife has remained a widow for more than a half-century, and is now in her eightieth year, but still hale and pleasant in disposition. Three other children graced the union, all of whom died in infancy.

John Hemmings made many valuable improvements upon his farm in Danville Township, and purchased many other broad acres prior to his death. He also left a fine patrimony to his children and widow, who have a handsome country-seat near the village of Danville. Their marriage had been graced by the birth of seven children, all living: Mary A., now the wife of John Carden, whose father, William Carden, has an extensive sketch elsewhere in this volume; Alice E. wedded John P. Sharp, a farmer residing near Danville; Frederick N. is the husband of Addie Lyons; John Francis, Archie, Pearl and Ray complete the family, and with the exception of those married, are all at home.

Mr. and Mrs. Hemmings were members of the Congregational Church at Danville, and when the death of the former occurred many eyes were filled with tears, and the grief of the neighborhood was sincere. In that sad bereavement one of the best citizens was taken away, the children were left without a father, and a wife, who had scarcely experienced a heartache during her long wedded life, was left husbandless. The influence of such men has brought great good to Danville Township, which has always been noted for high moral and social culture. The death of Mr. Hemmings occurred, Oct. 12, 1886, and his remains were interred in the Middletown cemetery. A life well-spent left a record behind worthy of preservation in the history of his chosen county, and his enterprise and good deeds are well worthy of emulation.

Dr. John Flournoy Henry was born at Henry's Mills, Scott County, Ky., Jan. 17, 1793.  He was of Huguenot ancestry, the fourth son of William Henry, and his father was Rev. Robert Henry, pastor of the Cub Creek Church, of Charlotte County, Va.  William Henry was one of the brave Revolutionary soldiers, and fought under Gen. Greene at the battle of Guilford Court House in March 1781, where the victorious career of Lord Cornwallis was arrested, and a retrograde movement of the British troops commenced, resulting in the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.  In the autumn of 1781 William Henry moved to Lincoln County, Ky., and on the 12th of October of that year, wedded Elizabeth Julia, second daughter of Matthews Flournoy, who had been killed by the Indians at Cumberland Gap.  Mr. Flournoy was of Huguenot ancestry on both sides.

After completing his early education our subject entered upon the study of medicine, and for a time during the War of 1812 he served as Surgeon's Mate. In October, 1813, he was at the battle of Thames, where his father, as a Major-General under Gen. Harrison, commanded a wing of the United States forces.  Dr. Henry availed himself of the Act of Congress giving a pension to the surviving soldiers of that war, and at the time of his death his name was on the pension rolls of the country, where he had it placed as a matter of pride rather than for the small pecuniary consideration.

Dr. Henry graduated at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York City, in 1818, and returned to Mason County, Ky., where he practiced medicine in company with Dr. Duke for about three years, soon afterward going to Missouri, where he spent some time, but later returned to Kentucky. In 1826 he was chosen to fill a vacancy in Congress made by the death of his brother, and some time after was engaged as a professor in the Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati with the late Dr. Daniel Drake, between whom and himself there existed a warm personal friendship.  In 1834 Dr. Henry took up his residence in Bloomington, McLean Co., Ill., where he continued the practice of medicine for eleven years.  In 1843 he purchased property in Burlington, and two years later moved with his family to this city, and having in earlier years secured a competence, he soon afterward retired from the active practice of his profession.  His death occurred in this city Nov. 12, 1873.

Dr. Henry was twice married, his first wife being a daughter of Dr. Basil Duke, of Mason County, Ky., who, with an infant child, died a year or two after their marriage.  His second wife, who survived him three years, and died in 1876, was a daughter of Dr. Ridgely, of Lexington, Ky.  The surviving children of the second marriage are, John F., of Louisville, Ky., and Mrs. Mary Belle Robertson, of Burlington, Iowa.  The youngest daughter, Flora, died in Louisville, Ky., in 1862.

Dr. Henry was, for the greater part of his life, an honored member of the Presbyterian Church.  He was one of Nature's noblemen.  Tall, straight as an arrow, with a splendid presence, a physical vigor which is rare in these later days of fast habits and rapid living, he enjoyed a robust health, which gave way at last from sheer old age.  Up-right, honorable, temperate, sagacious and a thorough gentleman, his course can be emulated with profit. He was a fine specimen of a Kentucky gentleman of the old school, of elegant and dignified manners, kindly sentiments and genial disposition.

J. T. Hensley, a farmer residing on section 1, Washington Township, was born in Yellow Spring Township, in the year 1859. His parents, William and Susan Hensley, who were natives of Pennsylvania, came to Des Moines County in the early days, and are still among its honored residents. They were the parents of six children, two of whom died in youth.

J. T. Hensley, the subject of this sketch, was united in marriage with Miss Lizzie Cubit, of Louisa County, Iowa, on the 23d of December, 1880. She was born in Des Moines County, Iowa, and is a daughter of William and Sarah Cubit. Her father was born in Ireland, and came to America when a young man, settling in Indiana, where he engaged in farming. In that State he was married, and six children were born of the union, but the death of the mother occurred, and Mr. Cubit subsequently removed to Iowa, where he wedded his second wife. By this union there was one child, Lizzie, the accomplished wife of our subject. Mrs. Hensley's mother was born in South Carolina, in 1816, and when three years of age her parents moved to Preble County, Ohio, and at the age of thirty-five she came with her widowed mother to Iowa. She was an active, consistent member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, and on the 23d of January, 1887, passed from her labor to the reward prepared for the righteous.

Mrs. Hensley was educated at the high school at Morning Sun, Iowa, and is a lady of culture and refinement. They have a very interesting family of three children--William Ralph, Anna Lona and Lura Alberta. Mr. Hensley has built a most comfortable residence, and his home is a model of neatness and good taste. Both he and his wife are members of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, in which they are active workers. The rules of this Church are such that its members can not take an active part in political affairs, but Mr. Hensley is recognized by all who know him as a citizen in every way worthy, and an earnest advocate of all measures that have for their object the public good. He has a fine farm of 160 acres, which is stocked with cattle and horses of a high grade. He is one of the enterprising and progressive farmers of Des Moines County, and is held in high esteem by the people of the community in which he resides.

Isaac Herrill, a farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 19, Burlington Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa, was born in Putnam County, Ind., April 15, 1832, and is a son of Colman and Mary (Long) Herrill, the father a native of North Carolina and the mother of Tennessee. During all his life Colman Herrill was a farmer. He emigrated to Tennessee, where he was married, and there five of their children were born. They moved to Indiana in the year 1831, and there three children had birth. The three remaining children were born in Iowa, where they, in 1836, settled in Des Moines County, Flint River Township, where he entered 160 acres of land. Mrs. Herrill departed this life in 1844 and Mr. Herrill in 1847.

The early life of our subject was spent upon a farm. He received scarcely any educational advantages, as school-houses did not grace each hilltop in those days. Thrown upon his own resources at the tender age of twelve, he commenced working at $5 per month, engaging at various occupations until the spring of 1849, when he went to Wisconsin and was employed in the lead mines, but his strength failing him he returned to Burlington. In 1853, deciding to go West, he made a trip overland with ox teams, starting on the 6th day of April and reaching Placerville August 26. He spent nearly three years in the mines of California and four months in Arizona, returning home in 1856 by the way of the Isthmus of Panama and New York. On arriving at Burlington he began to sell plows. Burlington being the terminus of the railroad, he was obliged to load his stock in a wagon and thus make the trip.

On the 2d of June, 1857, Mr. Herrill was united in marriage with Miss Clorinda Davis, a daughter of Alexander and Susanna (Steenrod) Davis, both of whom were natives of Virginia. He followed the plow business until 1857 and then engaged in farming for one year. At the end of that time he started, in company with others, with ox teams, for Pike's Peak, but, before reaching Denver, they were frequently meeting large numbers of persons returning from that place, which discouraged them, so they halted for a day on the Platte River and held a consultation, when a number of the party, our subject among them, decided to return, while the remainder went through to California. In the spring of 1860 Mr. Herrill went to Colorado and spent the summer in the neighborhood of Pike's Peak and returned to Burlington in the fall, reaching home in time to cast his vote for our martyred President, Abraham Lincoln. Mr. Herrill engaged in farming until 1866, when he purchased property in Burlington, acting as foreman for the lumber firm of McGavic Bros., until they sold out in February, 1870. He was elected Street Commissioner of Burlington, holding the office for five consecutive years. He removed to Caldwell County, Mo., in 1876, where he purchased a farm and was quite successful. Remaining in Missouri until 1881, he then returned to Des Moines County, renting the farm of which he has since become the owner. In is 90 acres in extent and within half a mile of the city limits. Upon the farm is a fine sand bank from which the Murray Iron Works obtain six of seven wagon loads per day, and it also furnishes the brick yard. Zinc and gold have also been found upon the farm. The strata of rock found on the farm is excellent for building purposes, consisting of a limestone formation. Seventy acres of this land have been leased to a company for mining purposes. Mr. Herrill is now giving his entire attention to the sand and stone, which is in such quantities that it will supply all this part of the State.

Mr. and Mrs. Herrill have been the parents of eight children: Mary, wife of Frank Gross, a resident of Burlington; Susanna, wife of E. Richards, residing in Placerville, Cal.; Charles C.; Lorren, a resident of Pittsburgh, Pa.; Sarah E., Fannie F., John S., and Maud O. Mr. and Mrs. Herrill have given their children good educations. They are both members of the Baptist Church. Mr. Herrill is also a member of the I.O.O.F., and in politics is a Republican. He takes an active interest in all enterprises for the public good.

Henry Paul Herzog, teacher in the parish school, of Burlington, Iowa, was born in the city of St. Louis, Mo., on the 27th of April, 1864, and is the son of Henry and Eliza Herzog, both of whom were born in Germany.  They were the parents of seven children, three of whom are deceased.  Those living are:  Theophilus, Lydia, Paulina and Henry P., all of whom reside at home except our subject.  He attended the public school in St. Louis until fifteen years of age, when he removed to Wisconsin, and there taught a parochial school for two years, subsequently attending the Northwestern University, at Watertown, Wis., there pursuing a course for two years.  Going to West Bend, that State, Mr. Herzog accepted a position as teacher of German in the High School of that place, but after remaining there for a year, resigned, and accepted his present position as teacher of the parish school, connected with St. Luke's Church (German Evangelical), of Burlington, mention of which is made elsewhere in this work.  Mr. Herzog has been very successful as a teacher, and comparatively a young man, has many years of usefulness before him in his chosen profession.

Ezra Cogswell Higley is a retired farmer of Danville Township, residing on section 15.  Very few men are now living in this county who have a better recollection of early events than our subject, who came to Southeast Iowa when the State was yet a Territory and under the jurisdiction of Michigan. From the time of his coming, Mr. Higley has been one of her best known men, and the honorable and upright life that he has lived entitles him to a place in the history of his chosen county, where his children have grown to maturity, and have shared in all the good things which such a community as this affords.  In fact, the moral and social features of Danville Township have grown from the elevating and high moral standard inculcated by such families as this, and we are pleased to speak of each individual member of it, also to give as much of the early history of their ancestors as possible.  The first of whom mention can be made is the grandfather Higley, who was a resident of Windsor, Conn.  His wife was the mother of several children, of whom Joseph was the father of our subject.  The names of two of Joseph's sisters can be given:  Philena married Dr. Brewster, who practiced his profession in Beckett, Mass.; Minerva was the other, but no authentic history of her can be given.  By reference to notes taken from the Windham (Ohio) Herald, we learn that the original Capt. John Higley came from London, England, in 1666, and settled in Windsor, Conn.  At the age of twenty-two he married a daughter of Deacon Drake of that village, and they had three children.  After the death of his first wife, the Captain married Sarah Bissel, and seven children graced this union.

Joseph Higley, his grandson, was the grandfather of our subject, and was one of the first of the family to leave Connecticut, he settling in Beckett, Mass., in 1774.  In early times he was a teacher, and afterward acted as Surveyor.  He married Sibyl Dewey, and several children were born in Beckett prior to their removal to Portage County, Ohio, Oct. 19, 1815.  We mention these children:  Sibyl R., Joseph N., Sarah M. and Eliza D.  In Ohio, Henry A., John L., and Oliver B. were born.  Becoming a pioneer of Portage County, Joseph Higley settled on lands, which he improved, and in Windham Township, after residing there for many years, he and his wife died.

Ezra C. Higley, our subject, was a lad sixteen years of age when his father died.  His mother reached a ripe age, dying in her ninetieth year.  She was an exemplary wife and mother, and in early life spun and wove cloth for many of her neighbors, besides caring for her large family of children.  Many of the Higleys were men of note in political, professional and military life. The children of this family have, however, been mainly agriculturalists, and Ezra C. has for half a century been a farmer in Danville Township, and upon the section where he now resides.  He was married Oct. 28, 1835, to Amanda A. Messenger, in Portage County, Ohio, and in the spring of 1839 he came from that State, driving some short-horn cattle and bringing in his wagon some Berkshire pigs.  Mr. Higley deserves credit for being one of the first, if not the first, to import a high grade of stock into the new Territory. There were several families who came to Iowa at the same time, chartering a boat via the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and landing at Burlington.  Among these were the families of our subject and of his father-in-law, Mr. Messenger.  Claims were secured, covering a half section, part of which Mr. Higley transferred to his brother-in-law.  The first cabin was built on section 15 in 1840, in which the family resided until after the war, when his present farm house was erected. Every improvement made upon this land stands as a monument to his memory, and in this township many hard days have been experienced.

The two eldest children of Mr. Higley were born in Ohio:  Sibyl, the wife of W. H. Stewart, and Harriet, deceased wife of Judson Scovel.  Henry H., who wedded Mary E. Minson; Emily M., who is unmarried; and Mary P., now deceased, were born in Iowa.  Henry H., the only son, enlisted early in the war, before he was of age, becoming a member of Company E, 15th Iowa Infantry, serving in most of the engagements participated in by his regiment.  He was with Sherman on his March to the Sea, and served in a number of hard-fought battles.  He was married after his return from the army, and is now a farmer, residing upon a part of his father's original entry.

The wife of E. C. Higley died in 1886.  She was a lady of great force of character and one of the best of mothers.  We welcome this family to a place in this history, the father especially, who has spent the best years of his life in the development of this county.

Henry H. Higley, was born in Danville Township, April 4, 1842, and is the only son of Ezra C. and Amanda A. (Messenger) Higley.  He grew to manhood upon his father's farm, receiving such education as the district schools afforded in the intervals of farm labor, for as he was the only son, he was often obliged to stay away from school in order to help his father.  On the 26th of August, 1862, he responded to his country's call for troops, enlisting as a member of Company E, 15th Iowa Infantry.  He participated in all the engagements of his regiment, including many hard-fought battles, was with Sherman on the celebrated March to the Sea, during all his service never receiving a wound, though for three months he was confined in a hospital at Duckport, Louisiana, with small-pox.  Though he recovered from this dreadful disease, his eyesight was very much impaired, and has never yet been fully restored.  He also contracted other ailments from exposure, that will naturally affect his general health through life, thus unfitting him for his every-day duties, yet he only receives the meagre sum of $4 per month as pension.  He received his discharge on the 5th of August, 1865, after three years' hard service.

Returning to his home after receiving his discharge, Mr. Higley was united in marriage, on the 29th of January, 1866, with Miss Mary E. Minson, the only daughter of John L. and Eleanor (Blakeway) Minson, of Augusta Township, who were natives of Pennsylvania, though they emigrated to Iowa in 1846, settling in Des Moines County.  Mr. and Mrs. Higley are the parents of two children, now living:  Henry Franklin, who was born Aug. 2, 1880; and Pearl M., born May 15, 1887.  Three other children, daughters, were born to their union, but died in childhood.

In political views, Mr. Higley is a Republican, and a warm supporter of the principles of that party.  He cast his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln in 1864.  Though reared under the religious instructions of the Congregational Church, he, as is also his wife, is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  They are ranked among Des Moines County's best citizens, and are highly esteemed by a large circle of friends.

James Hilleary, a farmer residing on section 28, Union Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa, is one of the pioneers of 1833. He was born Aug. 20, 1814, on Apple Pie Ridge, Va., and is a son of Francis and Charlotta (Arnold) Hilleary. The former, a native of Maryland, was born about the year 1772, and the latter, born in 1796, was a native of Culpepper County, Va. Francis Hilleary departed this life in 1844, at the age of seventy-two years. His wife survived him until 1857, her death occurring at the age of sixty-one. She was a devoted member of the Christian Church. Our subject was one of a family of twelve children: Elizabeth, the eldest, is now the wife of William Walker, whose home is near Garden City, in Southwestern Kansas; Morris, who died at an early age; Jane, widow of Ebenezer Riddle; Alexander, a resident farmer of Burlington Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa; Nancy, wife of William Been, a resident of Council Bluffs, Iowa; William, a retired druggist of Philadelphia, Pa.; James, our subject; Jackson, born in 1816, died in 1886; Henrietta, living on a farm in Huron Township, Des Moines County; Martha became the wife of William Bridges, and both are now deceased; Thomas left Philadelphia in 1854 for California, going by way of Cape Horn, and has never been heard of since; Louis, the youngest of the family, is now living near Oskaloosa, Mahaska Co., Iowa.

James Hilleary, our subject, came to this county in 1833, when it formed part of the Territory of Wisconsin, crossing the Mississippi River at the Cascade Springs, south of Burlington, on the 11th of November. Francis Hilleary, his father, entered a claim on 424 acres of land, on what is now section 28, Union Township. In 1836 James, in connection with his brother Jackson, purchased this land, only thirty acres of which were under cultivation. The first log cabin built upon this claim was erected on Christmas Day, 1833. Mr. Hilleary attended the land sale at Burlington, which occurred Nov. 19, 1838, where he secured the title from the Government, paying for the land at the Government price of $1.25 per acre. All the improvements of the land since that date have been made by Mr. Hilleary and his estimable wife. The residence in which they now reside was erected in the year 1858, and is a brick building 36x22 feet. Their large barn was built in 1870, and the dimensions are 50x32 feet. Mr. Hilleary is one of the successful and enterprising farmers of Union Township, and everything upon his land denotes thrift and industry.

James Hilleary was united in marriage with Miss Nancy Morris, a native of North Carolina, and a daughter of James M. and Elizabeth (Ethridge) Morris. Twelve children have been born of their union: James L., born Jan. 7, 1838, is residing on a farm in Augusta Township; William, born Feb. 21, 1840, is now engaged in general farming in Oregon; Mary, born May 17, 1842, is the wife of William Perry; George, born Aug. 7, 1844, is engaged in farming on section 33, Union Township; Thomas H., born Oct. 25, 1846, died May 9, 1859, and was buried in the Hilleary Cemetery, on the old home farm; Sarah A., born Oct. 17, 1848, died April 15, 1852, and was also buried in the family cemetery; Lydia E., born Feb. 23, 1851, died March 14, 1859; Nancy, born Feb. 13, 1853, is the wife of James O. Beebe, of Hastings, Neb.; Emma E., born Dec. 9, 1854; Roger W., born May 19, 1857, is a resident farmer of Henry County, Iowa; Henrietta, wife of Charles Moffett, of Los Angeles, Cal., born July 29, 1859; Henry M., born April 7, 1862, is a farmer on section 28, Union Township.

Mr. Hilleary has held various township offices, was Trustee of the township, School Director, Road and Bridge Supervisor, and all these positions he filled to the entire satisfaction of his constituents. In all enterprises for the public good he has lent his influence, and is one of the leading citizens of the township. He and his wife have been life-long Christians, and are highly respected people. Politically, Mr. Hilleary has always been a Republican.

John Hixson, a retired farmer residing in Mediapolis, Des Moines Co., Iowa, was born April 13, 1807, in Loudoun County, Va., and is a son of David and Catherine (Ruse) Hixson, who were also natives of that county, the former of Welsh descent, and the latter of German ancestry. The father, who served as a soldier in the War of 1812, was a farmer by occupation, and a very conservative man. The mother was a member of the Lutheran Church. In 1811 they emigrated from Virginia to Highland County, Ohio, where Mr. Hixson purchased an improved farm of 162 acres, and there resided until his death, which occurred April 22, 1835. His wife survived him many years, her death occurring Feb. 14, 1885, at the advanced age of one hundred and two years. Mr. and Mrs. Hixson reared a family of twelve children, all of whom reached maturity, and were with their father at his death. Three are residents of Iowa, viz.: Our subject; Mrs. Burnett, of Mt. Pleasant, and David, of Louisa County.

Our subject was reared upon a farm, and received his education in the log school-house of that day, with its puncheon floor, its slab seats and huge fire-place. At the age of twenty-one years he left the parental roof, going to work as a farm hand for $7 per month. Remaining at this employment but a short time, he engaged with a drover to drive hogs to Baltimore over the mountains. Returning home, he next was employed on his father's farm, working on shares, and on the 30th of July, 1829, wedded Miss Mary M. Burnett, who was born in Adams County, Ohio, and was a daughter of Lewis Burnett, a native of Georgia. The following year Mr. Hixson opened a distillery, engaging both in the manufacture of liquors and in farming, which he continued for seven years. He next purchased a wheatmill, which, in connection with his distillery, he operated for five years, and in 1843 came to Des Moines County, Iowa, settling in Franklin Township, on the site of the present town of Sperry. After remaining on a rented farm for a year, Mr. Hixson took up his residence in Lowell, Henry County, where he engaged in milling for eighteen months, and later returned to this county, renting land until 1851, when he purchased a farm of 160 acres of raw land on section 10, Franklin Township, which he greatly improved, making that his home until his removal to Mediapolis, in 1883.

Mr. Hixson has been twice married. By his first marriage fourteen children were born, nine of whom grew to man and womanhood, and the eight named are now living, viz: Leroy B., a farmer of Mills County, Iowa; Lewis E., who was a member of the 2d Iowa Cavalry, and now resides in Washington Territory; Noah B., of the 30th Iowa Infantry, is engaged in farming in Des Moines County; Daniel W., a member of the State Senate of Minnesota, also served in the 30th Iowa Infantry; Avery W., a farmer of Minnesota; Manford M., a physician at Dupont, Ohio; George W., whose home is in Danville, this county, and Mary J., wife of Daniel Loper, of Jones County, Iowa. The mother of these children, who was a member of the Baptist Church, died May 28, 1881, and Mr. Hixson was again married, Sept. 7, 1882, to Mrs. Dorcas Armfield, widow of James Armfield, and daughter of Daniel Loper, an early settler of Des Moines County.

Religiously, our subject is a member of the Baptist Church, and his wife of the Methodist Episcopal Church; politically, he is a Republican, having voted with the Whigs before the organization of that party. Mr. Hixson has made his way through life unaided; he is a friend to all educational and other public enterprises, and stands high in the community.

William S. Hobbs, a blacksmith, of Kossuth, Iowa, was born in Chemung County, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1845, and is a son of James and Eliza (Lanphier) Hobbs, the father a native of England, the mother of New York.  The early life of our subject was spent upon a farm, but when only eighteen years of age he responded to his country's call for volunteers to put down the Rebellion, and enlisted in the 20th Illinois Infantry, serving for three years.  He participated in the following battles:  Oxford, Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson (Miss.), Champion Hills, Black River, Vicksburg, Sherman's March, Big Shanty, Kennesaw Mountain and Atlanta, where, on the 22d of July, 1864, he was taken prisoner, confined in Macon, Ga., and afterward at Andersonville.  He was held as a prisoner until the close of the war, eight months in all. After being mustered out of service, Mr. Hobbs returned to his home near Joliet, Ill., where he had previously removed with his parents in 1848.  He engaged as a railroad engineer, but being injured in an accident, gave up that business, and in 1866 came to Louisa County, Iowa, where he learned the trade of blacksmith with his brother at Toolsboro.  While a resident of the latter place, he was united in marriage with Nancy Jane Gilmore, a native of Ohio, and a daughter of Ransom and Huldah (Downer) Gilmore.  The marriage was celebrated in 1866, and shortly after the young couple removed to New Boston, Ill., where he engaged as a journeyman, residing there until the following spring, when he again came to Iowa, this time locating in Northfield.  Mr. Hobbs made that his home seven years, engaging in the blacksmithing trade, and in 1877 removed to Nebraska.  A short time sufficed to convince him that he preferred the former State as a home, and consequently he returned to Toolsboro, where he was employed for a year and a half, later took up his residence in Mediapolis, remaining there until 1885, and then removed to Kossuth, where he has lived continuously since. He has a blacksmith-shop, where he does all kinds of general repairing, and being a first-class mechanic, his work gives perfect satisfaction. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hobbs--William Curtis, Hallie Raymond and Nellie Viola.  Religiously, Mr. Hobbs is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, as is also his wife; socially, he belongs to the G. A. R., and politically, he is a Republican.  The death of Mr. Hobbs' father occurred in 1851, when he was fifty years old. His mother still resides in Mediapolis, Iowa.

George Hoerr, of Burlington, Iowa, has for many years been a resident of this city, and among its oldest business men.  He was born in Frankish Crumbach, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, Sept. 17, 1816, and while a lad learned the trade of a baker from his father, who always followed that occupation. When sixteen years of age he left home, working as a journeyman.  In 1837 he left his native land to seek his fortune in the new country, and after ninety long and dreary days in a sailing-vessel he reached America, locating at Baltimore, Md., where he soon found work at his trade.  He remained in that city until 1840, and then went to St. Louis, where he worked as a journeyman, but later embarked in business for himself. In St. Louis, in 1845, Mr. Hoerr wedded Catherine Birck, who was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, April 21, 1821.  In 1854 he went to California with his brother Philip, but soon returned, and in 1855 they removed to Burlington, which has since been their home.  Soon after taking up his residence in this city, Mr. Hoerr embarked in business on Jefferson street, and in 1858, in company with his brother Philip, purchased the place where the business is now carried on.  Three years later he sold his interest to his brother, and engaged in a separate store in the Palmer property, remaining there for eight years, and then purchased the building in which he is now located.

Mr. and Mrs. Hoerr are the parents of six children, four sons and two daughters, the first three having been born in St. Louis.  They are: George, William and Caroline; the last three--Fred, Rika and Charles--were born in Burlington.  Mr. and Mrs. H. came to this country in limited circumstances, but they have, by hard work and fair dealing, accumulated a comfortable property.  They were both reared in the Lutheran faith, though they are not members of any church.  Politically, Mr. Hoerr is a Democrat, having supported that party since he has been an American citizen.

Philip Hoerr, of Burlington, Iowa, was born Jan. 25, 1827, in Germany, where he attended school until fourteen years of age, and then learned the baker's trade, which he has followed all his life.  He was employed in large cities in his native land until 1846, when he came to America, landing at New Orleans, and going directly to St. Louis, Mo.  For more than seven years Mr. Hoerr worked at his trade in the latter city, and then for a year and a half was engaged in the same business for himself.  At the expiration of that time, in company with his wife, he crossed the plains to California, locating at Placerville, formerly Hangtown, where he worked for a short time in the mines, and then opened a bakery in El Dorado County, near Coloma, in which, after the first year, he was very successful.  Remaining in California until 1857, Mr. Hoerr then returned to Burlington by way of Panama, his faithful wife accompanying him through all his trials and undertakings in those early days on the Pacific Coast.  After his arrival in this city he opened a bakery on Washington street, which he continued until 1866, at which time he sold out, and crossed the ocean to visit the scenes of his boyhood.  Upon his return the same year, Mr. Hoerr entered into partnership in hte grocery business with John Blaul, but after two years the firm was dissolved, Mr. Hoerr then embarking in the manufacture of crackers, in which he did a successful business until 1884, when he sold out to John J. Smither, since which time he has retired from active business, although he is interested in the Burlington Saddlery Company as a stockholder.  In 1884 he again made a trip to Germany, remaining in that country for seven months.

On the 22nd of April, 1852, Mr. H. wedded Miss Rosina Seppech, a daughter of Adam Seppech, and by this marriage there have been born to them two children, Carrie and Oscar, the latter a member of the Burlington Saddlery Company.

Oscar C. Hoerr, Secretary and Treasurer of the Burlington Saddlery Company, was born at Burlington, Iowa, Feb. 15, 1861, and is a son of Philip and Rosa (Seppich) Hoerr.  His parents, who are highly respected citizens of Burlington, are natives of Germany, emigrated to America at an early day, and came to Burlington in 1858, where Mr. Hoerr, Sr., was for many years engaged in the manufacture of crackers, carrying on a large jobbing trade in that line.

Oscar C. Hoerr was educated at the private schools, also at Bryant and Stratton's Business College, then was employed in his father's office; was afterward an employe in the wholesale grocery house of Biklen, Winzer & Co., for a year.  In the summer of 1884 he joined Messrs. Scholl, Drach & Hassel, in the wholesale harness and saddlery business, and in December, 1884, was one of the incorporators of the Burlington Saddlery Company, of which he has since served as Secretary and Treasurer.  Mr. Hoerr is a thoroughly competent business man, and has conducted the rapidly increasing business of his house with marked success.

Gottlob Jacob Hohl, a prominent citizen of Burlington, whose home is on West avenue, was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, July 15, 1831, and in his youth attended school until fourteen years of age, when he learned gardening and grape-raising with his father, who was a wine and vegetable gardener. He remained at home until coming to America in the spring of 1854, and he was the first one of the family to settle in this country. Upon his arrival Mr. Hohl went to Bucks County, Pa., engaging for two years as a farm hand with William Sifert, and then came to Burlington in the month of April, 1856.  After working in the city for about a year, he found employment with Gov. Grimes, with whom he continued for six years, and in the meantime was united in marriage, he and his wife still making his home at the Governor's for four years.  At the expiration of that time Mr. Hohl was again employed in Burlington for about a year, and then purchased his present home farm of sixteen acres, and has it nearly all stocked with a fine variety of fruits, vines and berries, such as apples, pears, grapes, and a large variety of smaller fruits, together with a market garden.  Through his industry and economy he has been very successful, accumulating a comfortable competency, and also owns twenty acres of land on the Mt. Pleasant road near West Burlington.

Mr. Hohl was united in marriage with Miss Dora D. Wehmenn, daughter of Ernest Wehmenn, one of the pioneer settlers of Des Moines County.  They are the parents of seven children, three sons and four daughters:  The eldest, Emma D., was united in marriage with Philip Paule April 12, 1888; John, who wedded Mary Schniker, Nov. 25, 1886; the other children are Jane, Tilly, Eddie, Willie and Clara, and all were born in Burlington.  Mr. Hohl and family are members of the German Evangelical Zion Church, of which J. Zimmerman is the pastor.  In politics Mr. Hohl is independent, voting for the man and not the party.  He is a worthy example of what may be accomplished by strict integrity, and an unshaken purpose to win for himself a home.  He has a fine home, a commodious brick residence, and enjoys the respect and esteem of his fellow-citizens.

Stephen Holstein, a worthy citizen of Burlington, Iowa, is a native of Hesse-Cassel, Germany, born April 3, 1820.  On account of his Revolutionary principles, Mr. Holstein decided to leave his native land, and at the age of thirty-two, in 1852, he landed in New York, making that his home until 1856. During his four years' residence in that city, he followed his trade of book-binding, and during that year he went to Clayton County, Iowa, and embarked in business for himself.  He built up a lucrative trade, and resided in that county until 1865, when he decided to remove to Burlington. Taking up his residence in this city, Mr. Holstein carried on his business of book-binding until 1870, when he accepted a position in the book-binding establishment of Acres, Blackmar & Co., which position he held until 1886, when he again began doing business for himself, continuing the same until the present time.In 1849 the union of Stephen Holstein and Miss Martha Eli, daughter of Conrad Eli, was celebrated.  Six children graced their union, four boys and two daughters.  The three eldest boys died in infancy, Otto F. alone surviving.  The daughters, Amelia E. and Charlotta, are at home.

Joshua Wright Holiday, M. D., one of the leading physicians of Burlington, was born in Xenia, Greene Co., Ohio, May 31, 1846.  His father, John P. Holiday, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1822, and in early life learned the trade of carpenter and joiner, and for many years followed the occupation of contractor and builder, and also engaged for a time in milling.  He married Miss Frances Wright, a native of Hagerstown, Md., who was born in 1828, and in 1855 they emigrated to Fairfield, Jefferson Co., Iowa, where he continued the business of contractor and builder, and also owned and operated the Round Prairie Mills.  While a resident of Ohio he held several local offices.  Politically, he was a Whig and an anti-slavery man, never ashamed to be known or called an Abolitionist.  He was also a strong temperance man, an advocate of total abstinence.  To John P. and Frances Holiday were born eight children, seven of whom are living:  Joshua W., our subject; Walter, who died in Ohio; Charles W., conductor on the Wabash & Pacific Railroad; J. Frank, a prosperous merchant of Morning Sun, Louisa Co., Iowa; James F., in the employ of the Consolidated Tank Line Company, with headquarters at Decatur, Ill.; Chester D., with the same company; Harvey, also a conductor; Fannie, wife of L. L. Crosthwait, of Decatur, who is also with the Consolidated Tank Line.  In 1868 the family removed to Decatur, Ill., where the parents yet reside.  In early life the father was a Presbyterian, but for many years has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, as is also Mrs. Holiday.  He has always taken an active interest in religious affairs. The subject of this sketch grew to manhood in Jefferson County, Iowa, and received his literary education at Fairfield College.  In 1861, at the age of fifteen, he enlisted in the war for the Union, and served until 1865. Enlisting as a private, he was subsequently promoted to Sergeant of the company, then Sergeant Major, Second Lieutenant, and was finally mustered out of the service Aug. 13, 1865, as Captain of Company B, 8th Iowa Cavalry. The regiment in which he served was engaged in many of the most notable battles of the late war, including Resaca, Cassville, Pickett's Mills, participated in the engagements around Atlanta, where some part of the regiment was under fire for eighty-six consecutive days, then at Waterloo, Ala.; Pulaski, Franklin (one of the fiercest engagements of the war), and Nashville, Tenn., and other skirmishes. On receiving his discharge, Capt. Holiday returned to his home in Fairfield, and soon after began the study of medicine, entering the office of Dr. R. H. Mohr, of Fairfield, Iowa, where he remained three years, in the meantime attending lectures at the Keokuk Medical College, receiving his degree in 1869.  In the winter of 1876-77 he took a post-graduate course in the medical department in the University of Pennsylvania.  On receiving his degree Dr. Holiday at once began the practice of his profession at Morning Sun, Louisa Co., Iowa, where he remained until 1877, during which time he secured an extensive practice.  Owing to ill-health he removed to Burlington in 1877, where he has since continued to reside, and has built up a practice he can well be proud of. In 1869 the Doctor was united in marriage with Miss Emma Davis, daughter of W. M. Davis, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, now deceased.  By this union there are three children--John, Harry and Maude.  Mrs. Holiday, who was a sincere Christian woman and highly respected by all who knew her, died Aug. 27, 1881.  The Doctor was again married in 1883, Miss Mattie Gregg becoming his wife.  She is a daughter of J. M. Gregg, a pioneer of Des Moines County. Two children have been born to them--Sadie Gregg and Frank.

As a physician Dr. Holiday ranks high.  He was for some time President of the Burlington Pension Board; is a member of the Des Moines County Medical Society, Eastern Iowa Medical Society, State Medical Society, and the American Medical Association.  In each of these bodies he takes an active interest.  He is a member of Matthes Post No. 5, G. A. R.  In politics the Doctor is a stalwart Republican, and in times past has been an active supporter of that party.  He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and also of Iowa R. A., Chapter No. 1. 

Maj. William Horner, who was a citizen of Burlington from 1865 until the date of his death in 1887, was born in Washington County, Pa., on the 20th of April, 1822. He was of Scotch parentage. His father, John Horner, a true specimen of Scotch Presbyterianism, who set aside, from the time he came to manhood, one-sixth of his income each year for the support of the church, came to America when a lad with his brothers and sisters, and settled near Philadelphia. His mother, Mary Morrison, was the daughter of the Rev. James Morrison, a noted Presbyterian divine of Pittsburgh in early times. Her family was associated with the troubles at that place incident to the Revolutionary War and also to the War of 1812.

William Horner graduated from Jefferson College, Cannonsburg, Pa., in 1845, and the following year went to Knox County, Ohio, commenced teaching and continued the study of law, being admitted to the bar in that place. In 1847 he was married to Josephine Taylor, whose family belonged to the early history of that State. Her father, Judge Benjamin Taylor, came to Columbus, Ohio, when he was but seventeen years of age, from St. Lawrence County, N. Y., carrying his worldly goods in a knapsack, and following an Indian trail from Sandusky to Columbus, which then consisted of a few log huts and a United States fort. Her mother was Zeru Rosecrans, who came to Ohio when a child with her father, he being one of the brothers of the Rosecrans colony that settled in Delaware County in 1806. The brothers were descendants of people from Holland, and all of them married Massachusetts wives, who, although unused to the hardships incident to a frontier life, proved equal to the duties that befell them.

In 1848 Mr. Horner had a tempting offer from the Reeves Academy, established for boys at Elkton, Ky., which he accepted, taking charge of that institution in February of that year. Here for eight years he enjoyed life with his books and studies, while fitting for college many youths, several of whom, in after life, became prominent in public and national affairs. In 1856 he removed to Knoxville, Marion County, Iowa, where, in company with Dr. Dyer, he built and operated the first lumber and flouring mills in that community. He was a keen and thoughtful observer, and although greatly absorbed in his business affairs, became deeply interested in the political questions of that period, and soon his strong convictions and force of character brought him to the front among his fellow-citizens, by whom, in ensuing years, his voice and pen were always in demand to help build up and strengthen the principles which, crystalizing, became the articles of faith of the Republican party of Iowa, of which he was ever a devoted member. The strength of that party throughout Central Iowa, from its birth, owes not a little to the talks and speeches he addressed to those who, like himself, had come to make free homes on the beautiful prairies of this State.

When the Civil War broke out, friends and neighbors chose him as their leader, and soon Capt. Horner led Company G of the 17th Iowa Infantry from Knoxville to the front, and from there through the bloody and hard-fought battles of the Western Army. At Corinth, Iuka, Jackson and Champion Hills, and throughout all their marches, he answered at every roll-call, always caring for his men and sharing all fatigue, dangers and privations with them. When in the spring of 1863, the invincible army of Gen. Grant settled down around the doomed city of Vicksburg and its defending army, the 17th Iowa was pushed well to the front, and in the trenches, on the following 23d of June, the subject of this sketch was severely wounded by a hand grenade thrown over a parapet of Fort Hill by the enemy, then not more than ten feet away. The wound was a serious one. As soon as he was able to travel, Capt. Horner came home on a furlough, where careful nursing through long months of suffering brought him back to health. In February, 1864, he rejoined his command, now with Sherman's Army in Tennessee and Northern Georgia, and then after numerous battles and skirmishes he was ordered home with his regiment that it might recruit its battle-thinned ranks. When they returned to the front Gen. Sherman had made the March to the Sea, and with his army was resting at Savannah, where Maj. Horner, under orders, with his regiment joined them in the march through the Carolinas to Goldsboro, and after Johnston's surrender at that place, on to Washington, when, after participating in the greatest military review in history, he hastened to his home and family, not stopping to muster as Lieutenant-Colonel or Colonel, both of which ranks had been conferred on him for valued services and gallantry on many battle-fields. He was mustered out soon afterward at Louisville, Ky., and immediately afterward made his home at Burlington, Iowa, where his family awaited his return. His family now consisted of his wife and daughters, Flora and Willie J., the former afterward becoming the wife of W. D. Kirk and the latter of I. C. McConnell.

For a short time Maj. Horner was engaged in mercantile business with Capt. William Boyle, now of Knoxville, Iowa. In 1867 he was elected Treasurer of Des Moines County on the Republican ticket, a position he held for eight consecutive years, being three times re-elected by large majorities. Afterward, he was for a short time in the First National Bank, of this city, until he became a member of the Rand Lumber Company, of which he was for the next eight years Secretary and Treasurer, offices which he resigned on account of failing health but a few months before his death, which occurred Aug. 11, 1887.

Maj. Horner was for many years an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and was for some time the commander of Matthias Post, No. 5, of this city. A man of the highest order of moral principles, he was the very soul of honor, and while he was reserved and taciturn, not given to making sudden or violent attachments of friendship, was as loyal to those men who did claim his friendship as he was to his country when brave hearts and willing hands were needed.


Richard HowardAmong the prominent pioneers of Des Moines County who have labored with untiring zeal for its progress, cultivation and interests, none deserves more praise or credit than our subject. He was born in Charles County, Md., Feb. 7, 1813, and is a son of Gustavus and Ellenor (Barnes) Howard, both of whom were also natives of Maryland, their union being celebrated in Charles County, Feb. 7, 1812. Four children were born to them, Richard being the eldest. The parents removed to Washington, D. C., subsequently taking up their residence in Pittsburgh, remaining there until 1816, when they again returned to Washington, making that their home until 1833, when they removed to Wheeling, Va. (now West Virginia), but subsequently, April 7, 1843, came to Burlington, Iowa, where Mr. Howard's death occurred, Oct. 16, 1843. He was by occupation a farmer and carpenter, and was highly respected by all who knew him. The death of his wife occurred Oct. 16, 1881, at the ripe old age of ninety-three.At the age of eighteen, when residing in Wheeling W. Va., Richard Howard was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, serving a term of four years. He was obliged to give security for good conduct, and received nothing in return for his labor except his clothing, which was poor at that. The days of privation and toll spent by Mr. Howard during his term of apprenticeship will never be forgotten, but perhaps the trials of those days make the present blessings seem so much the brighter. Shortly after his apprenticeship was completed he was united in marriage with Miss Mary Hunter, a native of Brownsville, Pa., their union being celebrated May, 7, 1840, in Wheeling. To them were born: Oliver F., a machinist, who married, and has two children, Maud and Richard, them other being now dead; Amanda became the wife of William Totman, and has two children, Daisy and Richard, the latter having been adopted by Mr. Howard, assuming his name; Emeline C., wife of Charles H. Peters, a resident of Fort Madison, became the mother of two children,--Milton and Florence; Sophrona married S. Zane Robinson, and is the mother of two children, Howard and Milo.Coming to Des Moines County in 1843, Mr. Howard at once began working at his trade. He erected many of the frame houses of the village, afterward contracting and building many of the fine structures of the now city of Burlington, among which was the first Episcopal Church, erected in 1848. Not less than fourteen or fifteen young men have learned the trade under Mr. Howard's instructions, and remembering his own hard lot, he has not only been to them a teacher but a friend, aiding, advising and caring for them; and some of the young men he has sent to school, paying the price of their tuition. Many have profited by his kind words and deeds, and he has always paid the highest wages for good, industrious, sober men. A man of sound judgment and good business habits, the ring of his hammer was heard for over a quarter of a century, from 1843 to 1877, when he retired from active life. Always charitable, the blessings of many a poor man have been bestowed upon Mr. Howard for the aid so graciously given. Stirctly temperate in his habits, he attributes much of his success and health in life to his abstaining from all liquor, and the hand of sympathy and love has often been extended to those who have thus fallen.Mrs. Howard, a noble Christian lady, was called to her last rest in 1856, five of the family being taken from their earthly home that same year. Mr. Howard was again united in marriage, in 1861, to Miss S. M. Owens, a native of Milford, Kent Co., Del., and a daughter of John and Mary (James) Owens, they too being natives of that State. Mr. Howard has filled the office of Alderman for six years. In early life he was an old-line Whig, casting his first vote for Harrison, at which time he was compelled to buy forth acres of land in order to be a qualified voter. Upon its organization he enlisted in the ranks of the Republican party, and under its banner has continued to fight. He has always contributed liberally to Sunday-school and church work, believing that the Sunday-school is the place to educate and prepare the young for future life. His children are all members of churches. We are pleased to give this generous, noble-hearted man a prominent place among the pioneers of Des Moines County, whose interests were always his own, and whose prosperity was always his pride, and who will welcome and treasure this brief sketch of the history of one of the best of their number.

Augustus C. Hutchinson, Postmaster of Burlington, Iowa, was born at Haddam, Conn., Nov. 1, 1836, and is the son of Dr. Ira and Lucinthia (Cone) Hutchinson. He received an academic education in his native State, and in the spring of 1856, came to Iowa and located at Keokuk, where he was employed for two years in the City Engineer's office as clerk. In 1859 he went South and was in the service of the Nashville & Northwestern Railroad Company at the breaking out of the late war. He stuck to his post until things got so hot that he concluded to return to the North, leaving Nashville on the last train northward, Aug. 1, 1861. Returning to Iowa, he located at Burlington, in August, 1861, and was married the following November in that city to Mary E. Cock, a daughter of Oliver Cock. Mrs. Hutchinson was born at Dayton, Ohio. Soon after coming to Burlington, Mr. Hutchinson engaged as clerk in the dry goods business, and in 1868 formed a partnership with Messrs. French in the same business. Four years later the firm became Hutchinson & Schramm, Mr. Hutchinson continuing in the business until 1875, when he was elected Treasurer of Des Moines County, and again re-elected in 1877. He was out of office one term, and was re-elected to the same position in 1881 and 1883.

In April, 1880, he bought an interest in the Burlington Gazette (daily and weekly), and continued part proprietor and general manager until 1887. Mr. Hutchinson is an earnest Democrat in his political sentiments, and has done good service in the cause of his party. He has always taken a warm interest in educational matters, and served as Secretary of the School Board from 1871 to 1875 inclusive. He was appointed Postmaster at Burlington, Feb. 17, 1887, and is now serving in that capacity. The Burlington office is among the most important in that State. (See history of the same elsewhere in this work.)

Mr. and Mrs. Hutchinson have three children, a son and two daughters: Oliver C., the son, married Miss Ottie De Laguna, of Oakland, Cal., and resides at St. Joseph, Mo., where he is employed as Secretary of the Manufacturers' Bureau. The two daughters, Kate E. and Mary L., reside with their parents.

Hon. Silas A. Hudson, one of the pioneer settlers of Des Moines County, was born at the family homestead in Mason County, Ky., Dec. 13, 1815. His father, Bailey Washington Hudson, was born in Fauquier County, Va., April 15, 1782. He was a descendant of a very old English family that came to Virginia at an early day. He served in the War of 1812 with distinction, and was with Gen. Harrison at the battles of TIppecanoe, River Raisin and the Thames. Having, in conjunction with his brother Samuel, previously settled Mason County, Ky., where they jointly purchased 768 acres of land known as the family homestead. He married Miss Susan A. Grant, a sister of Jesse R., and daughter of Noah Grant, the latter being one of the seventeen who threw tea overboard in Boston Harbor. Several years after his marriage he entered into partnership with Noah Grant, Jr. (brother-in-law), under the firm name of Noah Grant & Co., and became a very prominent merchant of Maysville, Ky. Mr. and Mrs. Hudson were the parents of seven children: Silas A., of this sketch; Noah Grant, born June 23, 1817; John V., July 2, 1819; Frances A., March 20, 1821; Walter Warder, June 11, 1823, and Peter Todd, the youngest child, who was born Oct. 26, 1825. As the two latter were among the early settlers of Burlington we give herein a brief history of their career. Walter Warder came to Burlington with the subject of this sketch in 1839. He served in the Mexican War in the 15th Regiment, Col. Howard commanding, and participated in the following engagements: National Bridge, Pueblo, Cherubusco, Moline del Rey and Chapultepec, where he was the first to carry the flag over the walls, and to the lone Iowa company was given the credit of running up the first United States flag over Chapultepec, and garrisoning the fort. He also assisted in the taking of the city of Mexico. After the war, on the commendation of Col. Howard, he was appointed Lieutenant of the 1st United States Infantry, regular army, by President Polk. He was sent to the Rio Grande, and had charge of the troops that were protecting the line of forts that were then being built along the frontier. He was wounded in an engagement with the Indians at Ft. Hudson (which was named in his honor), and died at Ft. McIntosh, near Laredo, Tex., April 9, 1850. In his death the United States army lost one of its most promising, energetic and efficient officers.Peter Todd Hudson came to Burlington in 1845, and made his home with his brother, Silas A., until the breaking out of the gold fever in California in 1849. At this time his brother fitted him out with teams and sufficient means to go to the newly discovered gold fields, and then take advantage of such business opportunities as might present themselves. He remained there two years, and then on account of failing health returned to Burlington. In 1857 Silas A.sent him to Denver, Col., where he opened a supply store. He was one of the first settlers in that now beautiful city, and the first to discover and develop the mines at Breckenridge, and was the founder of that place, and named it in honor of J. C. Breckenridge, a personal friend of the Hudson family. The first year of the late war he was driven off by the Indians, and returned to Burlington to join Gen. Grant's staff. He entered the service with the rank of Captain, and was subsequently promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. He served with Gen. Grant, and participated in all the battles fought by him from Vicksburg to Appomattox. He was offered by Gen. Grant the office of Senior Major in the regular army, which he declined. He remained on Gen. Grant's staff until 1867, when he resigned, and went to California and engaged in the stock business. He was afterward offered by President Grant the office of United States Marshall of California, which he also declined. He is now (1888) a resident of Colusa County, in the Golden State.Silas A. Hudson, the subject of this sketch, received a liberal education at the Maysville Academy, which was largely supplemented by private study. He left home at the age of seventeen, and spent the succeeding seven years traveling, and visited most of the principal cities of the Union. In 1837 Mr. Hudson first visited Burlington and other points on the Mississippi, but returned to St. Louis and remained until 1839, when he made a permanent settlement at this place, and purchased the lot on which the wholesale house of C. P. Squires now stands. In 1840 he build two substantial brick houses which were the best at that time in the city. He was engaged at this place in the stove, tin and iron business, in which he continued for upward of twenty years, doing a large jobbing trade, and running a number of branch houses in other Western towns. Mr. Hudson is a natural politician, and at an early age evinced a fondness for the study of politics, and being an incessant reader, by the time he arrived at manhood he had made himself familiar with the leading public questions of the day, as well as the career and record of all the prominent public men. The first National election in which he took an active part was the Presidential campaign of 1836, when he gave his support and influence to Gen. Harrison, casting his first vote at Louisville, Ky. He was an ardent supporter of the Whig party, and after his arrival at Burlington he wrote the call that organized the Whig party in this Territory, and gave his earnest support to the nominees of that party during its political existence.In the early days of Iowa Mr. Hudson was influential in her affairs. He was Clerk of her Territorial Legislature, and also first Chief Clerk of the House under the State organization. During the session of 1842-43 the Territorial laws were revised by the Legislature, in which work he largely assisted, and during the session of 1846-47 they were again revised, and adopted to her State organization, and in this work he also rendered valuable services. In 1845 he wrote the city charter, and the principal ordinances under which this city was governed for upward of thirty years, using the charter and ordinances of Cincinnati as a basis to work upon. In the city Mr. Hudson has held many important offices, having been a member of the City Council for fourteen years. He was mayor of the city in 1855 and 1856, when the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy was first brought to the city, and also Acting Mayor during the two previous terms. He also filled a number of minor offices, such as member of the School Board, etc., and ever acted for the good of the city, advocating every measure tending to her advancement.On the first establishment of he New York Tribune, he became one of its subscribers, and for more than twenty years was an influential and valued contributor to its columns, as also to the Louisville Journal, then edited by George D. Prentice. Being from early life an intimate friend of Abraham Lincoln, and recognizing his great qualities, as the time for the nomination of 1860 drew near, he used the columns of those influential journals to bring his name prominently before the public. In connection with Horace Greeley he arranged to have Lincoln go the New York, where he made the great speech which so seriously hurt Mt. Seward's chances for the Presidency. He was also the means of bringing Lincoln to Burlington, where he was listened to by many citizens still living here. This was the only time Mr. Lincoln ever spoke in this city, and his subsequent election and re-election were largely aided by the voice and pen of his old friend. The cordial relations existing between them was never interrupted until the assassination of the National martyr.Mr. Hudson was also always a stanch friend and admirer of Gen. Grant, who was his first cousin, and with whom he had been in a measure brought up, each living at different periods at the home of the other. Naturally Mr. Hudson was an ardent supporter of the war, and was among the first to take an active and prominent part in raising and forwarding troops. During the war he spent a part of the time in the field with his cousin Grant, and at the siege of Vicksburg had a narrow escape. Raising his head above the breastworks five rebel bullets whistled instantly about his ears, one cutting a crease in his scalp, from which he has been almost a constant sufferer since. He continued an active supporter of the cause of the people until the final suppression of the Rebellion.In March, 1869, he was appointed by President Grant, United States Minister to Central America. In this mission he was eminently successful. Previous to his residence there the commerce between the United States and Central America was very meager. He devoted himself to increasing our trade with the Central American States, and soon after his arrival he secured the landing of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company's vessels (running between San Francisco and Panama), at the five ports of Central America, and this and other means employed led largely to diverting the trade to this country, and the immense commerce which succeeded was the legitimate outgrowth of his efforts.While there he not only rendered service to the United States, but to the people of Central America as well. That country was in a state of constant revolution at the time, and the friendly offices of the legation were being constantly employed in behalf of foreign residents as well as residents coming under the displeasure of the Government. The agreeable manner with which his services were rendered to all parties led to the Government consenting that he should represent foreign residents. In this way he represented nine different nationalities, including Switzerland, which State has ever since confided to the American Minister, there as well as elsewhere, the protection of her residents abroad.In 1871, after five successful battles, the rebels won their way to the gates of the city of Guatemala and demanded its surrender. On this occasion the Government placed Mr. Hudson at the head of a commission, investing him with the power to treat with the rebel General and forces for a change of government, and this commission was successfully concluded. Owing to the bitter opposition of Gen. Barrios, second in command, the commission came near proving a total failure. This bloody-minded half-breed chief had enlisted and led the advance columns, and held them under promise that the plunder of the city should be given up to them for their services, and he would listen to no less terms. When the commission had advanced to within about a furlong of the rebel front line they were met and halted by the officer commanding, and informed he was ordered to turn back all parties seeking personal interviews with the General-in-Chief, and to fire upon them if they refused. Mr. Hudson stated to him the object of the commission; that it was made up from the representatives of friendly powers, and that in their quality as such they could accept no such answer, especially from a less officer than the General-in-Chief. That the commission expected, and would give him a reasonable time to furnish a fitting escort to the General-in-Chief's camp, and should he fail to do so they would undertake to find their way unaided. After much parley with him by others, and no movement being made toward providing an escort, announcing his purpose, Mr. Hudson and the United States Consul rode forward, all the others seeking cover outside the sweep of the battery planted in front of them. They were allowed to approach within forty or fifty yards of the guns, while every demonstration of a purpose to fire upon them was being made, when he ordered the gunners not to fire, and came forward and met them, declaring he could not execute the order, that he would furnish an escort as requested, and go with them himself to insure their safety, and freedom from unpleasant stoppages. Here they were again joined by their colleagues. Mr. Hudson afterward learned that this officer was a nephew of Gen. Granados, the rebel commander, that in employing the friendly offices of the United States Legation in behalf of political suspects a short time before, he had secured his brother's release after having been condemned to be shot as a spy, and that this brother was present with him pleading in his behalf, and that to his influence he was indebted for his brother's change of action.In company with both brothers they reached the camp of Gen. Granados about 10 P. M. The better part of the night was spent in arranging the terms by which the personnel of the Government could be changed peacefully and further loss of life and property avoided, and in finding the way and means of satisfying the mercenary Barios and his mercenary command. By the terms the rebel troops were required to stack their arms four miles outside the city, which they did to the number of about 24,000, and enter the city as private civilians the next morning at 10 o'clock. They met in the government plazza and elected viva voce Gen. Granados provisional president, who, by the terms of the treaty, as such, was required and did issue writs of election to the several departments, for the election of new Members of Congress, and the organization of the Government under the existing law. This put an end to the revolutionary troubles during his residence in the city.In 1873 Mr. Hudson resigned, and returned to his home in Burlington, where he has since lived a retired life, from failing health. In his domestic relations Mr. Hudson has been happy. He was married in 1844 to Miss Ann Caldwell, a native of Kentucky, who was born Jan. 14, 1826. By this marriage he had three children: Virginia, born Oct. 25, 1845; Marietta, June 25, 1848, and Walter Warder, Aug. 25, 1850. Only two of these, Virginia and Walter W., are now living, Marietta having died Jan. 11, 1874. Mrs. Hudson was called to her final rest on the 13th of March, 1851.On the 11th of January, 1853, Mr. Hudson was again married, Miss Serena Griffey becoming his wife. Mrs. Hudson is a native of Morgantown, Va., and is a member of an old and respected family of that State. Her father, William Griffey, was a prominent and an active business man in his day, and was largely interested in iron mines and mercantile pursuits. In his many and varied enterprises Mr. Hudson has been successful in acquiring a competency, enabling himself and family to live in ease and comfort. In the evening of his days he can look back upon a life of usefulness, well spent, and rejoice in the esteem of his fellow-citizens.

A portrait of Mr. Hudson is given upon a preceding page.

Charles W. Hukill, a farmer residing on section 33, Huron Township, was born in Indiana in 1819, and is a son of James F. and Rebecca (Stewart) Hukill, the father a native of Delaware and the mother of Maryland. They were pioneer settlers of Ripley County, Ind., and there our subject was reared upon a farm, obtaining his education in the common schools. The family were residents of Ripley County until 1842, when they emigrated to Des Moines County, Iowa, settling upon the farm in Huron Township where Charles W. yet resides. There the father purchased 200 acres of land on section 33, making that farm his home until his death, which occurred about the year 1852, the mother surviving him for ten years. They were both consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Mr. Hukill was a Republican in politics. This worthy couple reared a family of eight children: Indiana, the widow of Albert Vannice, is now residing in Nebraska; our subject is second in order of birth; James F.; Sarah Ann; Edwin, a resident of Oregon; Allen, whose home is in Washington Territory; Elizabeth became the wife of George Latterman, of Illinois; and Caroline.In 1852 our subject united in marriage with Leah M. Vannice, a native of Indiana, and a daughter of Abram Vannice. They are the parents of six children: Elizabeth, residing with her parents; John, a farmer of Huron Township; William, now residing in Colorado; Lincoln, at home; Lulu, wife of Dr. Parker, of Kossuth, Iowa; and Rosa, residing with her parents. Mr. Hukill is one of the self-made men of Des Moines County, Iowa. Upon coming to this county in 1842 he was poor in this world's goods, but by industry, economy and good management, he has gained a comfortable competence. His occupation is general farming, and he is the owner of 283 acres of fine land. In his political affiliations Mr. Hukill has always been a Republican, and he strongly favors the enforcement of the prohibitory law. Both he and his wife are devoted members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In connection with the many good improvements which Mr. Hukill has made, we notice particularly his fine country residence, which was erected at a cost of over $2,000.

J. J. Hunt, M. D.  Among the many excellent physicians of Burlington, none stands higher than the subject of our sketch, who was born in Ireland, Sept. 1, 1847, and educated in Limerick, in the academy of that city.  His medical education was had at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, of Dublin, graduating at the age of twenty-one.  Soon after receiving his degree he was employed by the National line of steamers plying between Liverpool and New York.  In 1867 he came to America, when he received the appointment of Surgeon in the 5th United States Cavalry, passing a strict examination before the Medical Board.  The Doctor was stationed at Jacksonboro, Tex., remaining in the service until May, 1876, when he located in Burlington, where he has, by strict attention to business, worked up a practice he can well be proud of. Dr. Hunt was joined in wedlock, Oct. 23, 1885, to Miss Mary J. Platt.  By this union there is one child, John Devere.  Dr. Hunt is a man of fine address, well posted in his profession and affairs of the country, a deep thinker and close observer.  He is a man who will command respect wherever he goes.

Ephraim Husted, a prominent citizen of Kossuth, Iowa, was born in Cumberland County, N. J., Feb. 19, 1812, and is a son of John and Nancy (Corner) Husted, the father a native of New Jersey, and the mother of Ireland. The early life of our subject was spent upon his father's farm, but at the age of nineteen he started out for himself, and began working as a farm hand. He was in the employ of one man for three years, during which time he did not lose a single day. Later he went to Franklin County, Ind., and there also followed farming for a short time. In 1838 the marriage of Ephraim Husted and Miss Nancy Welch, a native of Ohio, was celebrated, and shortly after the young couple removed to Butler County, Ohio. They there began their domestic life upon a rented farm, but after residing there for four years they returned to Indiana, where a farm was purchased, consisting of 120 acres of land. For nine years this continued to be their home, but at the end of that time the land was sold, and the family emigrated to Iowa in 1854. In Yellow Spring Township, section 34, a farm of 120 acres was purchased, upon which they resided until 1861, and then removed to the village of Kossuth. After making that their home for one year, Mr. Husted again began farming, purchasing 140 acres on section 24 of the same township, and there continued to reside until 1873, when once more the family took up their residence in Kossuth, and have made this their home continuously since.

Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Husted: Lydia, who married Richard Wyckoff, of Adams County, Iowa; Rebecca A. became the wife of Philip Lee, also a resident of that county; Nancy M., wife of Harvey Elson, a farmer of Des Moines County; and Ellen, wife of Hope Eland, who is engaged in farming in Yellow Spring Township. The other members of the family died in childhood. On the 4th of February, 1873, Mrs. Husted, who was for many years a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was called to her final rest, and the following year Mr. Husted was again married, Mrs. M. E. McCamly, widow of Ambrose A. McCamly, becoming his wife. She is a native of Northampton County, Pa., a daughter of Jonas and Catherine Kocher, and came to Iowa in 1867. For many years Mr. Husted has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and for a long time held the office of Trustee. When he left his father's farm to begin the battle of life for himself he was in debt, but his unceasing labor and energy have overcome all difficulties, and he has gained a comfortable competency, and receives the universal respect of all who know him.

William Husted is a leading and successful farmer residing on section 13, Yellow Spring Township, and is numbered among the pioneers of Des Moines County, having become one of its citizens in the fall of 1842. He was born in Cumberland County, N. J., May 3, 1831, and is a son of Peter and Phoebe (Westcott) Husted, who were also natives of New Jersey, the father of Irish descent and the mother of English ancestry.  The paternal grandfather was John Husted, one of the pioneer settlers of that State.  Peter Husted was a farmer by occupation, and emigrated to Des Moines County in 1842, where he resided until his death, which occurred in the fall of 1870, at the age of eighty years.  The mother survived him until the winter of 1876, her death occurring at the age of seventy-seven.  They were both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church for many years.  Mr. Husted was a Republican in politics, having been strongly opposed to the institution of slavery before the organization of that party.  He was a progressive man, a strong advocate of temperance, and at the time of his death owned a splendid farm of 200 acres.  This worthy couple reared a family of ten children, six of whom are yet living:  Hannah, wife of Samuel Saint, of Rice County, Kan.; our subject; Horatio, a resident of Clarke County, Iowa; Henry, a farmer of Colusa County, Cal.; Franklin, now residing in Clarke County, Iowa; and Thomas, a farmer in Madison County, Iowa.

The boyhood days of our subject were passed upon the home farm, and at the age of eighteen he left home, making an overland trip to California in 1850.  The journey had to be made with an ox team across the plains and lasted four months, being begun April 10, he arriving at his destination on the 7th of August.  After engaging in mining for one year in California, Mr. Husted returned to this county via Isthmus of Panama and New York City, and engaged in various occupations until Oct. 2, 1856, when he wedded Nancy Harper, a native of Logan County, Ohio. Immediately after his marriage he and his young wife began their domestic life upon a farm of eighty acres which Mr. Husted had purchased near Northfield, in Yellow Spring Township, making that their home for several years.  Later, eighty acres of land on section 22 of Yellow Spring Township was purchased, but after residing there but a short time eighty acres were purchased on section 13 of the same township, and since 1856 our subject and his wife have made that their home.  The farm, however. has been increased, and now comprised 370 acres which, with the exception of ten, are all under cultivation.  A handsome farm residence was erected at a cost of $2,000, and other good improvements have been made, and all Mr. Husted's possessions have been gained by his industry and economy.  Politically, he is a Republican; and religiously, he and his wife are both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Mr. and Mrs. Husted are the parents of six children:  Oscar W., who died at the age of four years; William Shepherd, engaged in farming in Yellow Spring Township; Ida May, wife of William Patterson, of Mediapolis; Mary Frances and Cora Amanda both reside with their parents; an infant died unnamed.  The entire family are highly esteemed in the community in which they live.

Nathan HustonIt is with pleasure that we present the name on Mr. Huston to the readers of this volume as a representative citizen and farmer of Des Moines County, Iowa, residing on section 26, Franklin Township. He was born in Monroe County, Pa., April 8, 1825, and is a son of John and Catherine (Shaffer) Huston. Nathan and his father were both born in the same house, which was erected in 1780 by our subject's grandfather, John Huston, after his return from the Revolutionary War. The mother was also a native of Pennsylvania, and to them were born thirteen children, and of that number seven are yet living: Samuel, a farmer residing in Iowa City, Cal.; Revina, widow of John Walters, resides in Pennsylvania; Robert, a resident of Monroe County, Pa.; Joseph, whose home is in Kossuth County, Iowa; Tacy A., wife of Chauncey Walters; Franklin and Nathan. Those deceased are Jacob, Elizabeth, Rachel, Mary, Elmer and Jennet. The parents of these children both died in their native county in Pennsylvania, where Mr. Huston was a farmer by occupation, and one of the well-to-do citizens. Nathan Huston received his primary education in the schools of his native county, and remained under the parental roof until he went to Stroudsburgh, graduating from the academy in the class of 1843. At the age of eighteen he began the study of law, was admitted to the bar upon his twenty-first birthday, and immediately began the practice of his chosen profession. In 1847 he came to Des Moines County on a visit, and contemplated going South to find a location, but when he reached Burlington he was offered a position in one of the schools of the township and accepted it. The following year he was united in marriage in Des Moines County with Miss Susan Bobb, a native of Luzerne County, Pa. After his marriage Mr. Huston purchased forty acres of land on section 26, where he has since made his home. The young couple began their domestic life in the true pioneer style, living in a small frame house and having but an ox team. After a short married life Mrs. Huston was called to her final rest, her death occurring Feb. 13, 1863. She was a sincere member of the Presbyterian Church. She had one child, Hamilton, who died at the age of twenty-one. On the 22d of December, 1865, Mr. Huston was again united in marriage, Miss Lucretia Downer, a native of Des Moines County, becoming his wife. Five children were born of this union: Milo B., now attending the Wesleyan University at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Burton E., Nathan W., Ralph E. and Mary Belle.

On beginning life in this county, Mr. Huston had but $25 in money, but he soon purchased forty acres of land, and from time to time has added to his possessions until he now owns over 500 acres, 400 of which are under cultivation. The many improvements which have been made are all the result of his careful management, and show what can be accomplished by industry and economy. The farm is well stocked with a fine grade of Jersey cattle, Coltswold sheep and Poland-China hogs. Everything around and in the beautiful home tends to enrich and elevate the young and Mr. Huston has always taken special pride in the education of his children. He is an ardnet advocate of the principles of the Republican party, and his wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Huston is one of the early settlers of Des Moines County, has aided largely in its growth and the development of its resources, and has always taken an active interest in its public enterprises. As a man and citizen he stands high in the community where for forty years he has made his home.

Job A. G. Hutchcroft, a general farmer residing on section 24, Yellow Spring Township, Des Moines Co., Iowa, was born in Yorkshire, England, Oct. 5, 1851, and is a son of Richard and Elizabeth (Smith) Hutchcroft, who were also natives of the same place. They emigrated to America in 1858, settling in Des Moines County, Iowa. A sketch of the history of Richard and Elizabeth Hutchcroft is given under the name of Thomas Smith Hutchcroft, an elder brother of our subject, and it is not necessary to repeat it here.The subject of this sketch was reared on the farm and educated in the district schools of Yellow Spring Township. At the age of nineteen he left his father's home, renting a farm for two years, and later purchased ninety-five acres of land on section 11, Yellow Spring Township, where he resided for one year, and then sold, purchasing ninety acres on section 24. Upon this land Mr. Hutchcroft still makes his home, though by energy and economy he has added to his possessions, until now he is the owner of 190 acres of well-improved land. Mr. Hutchcroft has acquired all his property by his own efforts, and is not only one of the well-to-do but also one of the respected citizens of Yellow Spring Township.On the 9th of February, 1870, Mr. Hutchcroft was united in marriage with Miss Mary J. Andrew, a native of Yorkshire, England, and a daughter of John and Hannah (Hutchcroft) Andrew. They are both consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Mr. Hutchcroft is one of the stalwart Republicans of the county.John Andrew, the father of Mrs. Hutchcroft, was a farmer of Yorkshire, where his death occurred May 3, 1868, at the age of fifty-two years, his wife having been called to her final home but a few days previously, her death occurring on the 14th of April, aged forty-five years. They were both worthy members of the Church of England, devoted to their religion, and all their children followed their example, having become honored Christian men and women. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew reared a family of six children: Ann Elizabeth, widow of Jabez Wilkinson, of Yorkshire, England; Mary Jane, wife of our subject; John, a farmer of Yellow Spring Township; Sarah A., wife of Mr. Ward, an English ship-carpenter; William, who died at the age of eleven years; and Anna Mary, who is unmarried and resides in England. The parental grandfather of Mrs. Hutchcroft was John Andrew, and the grandmother's maiden name was Hannah Hepeth.

Thomas Smith Hutchcroft, one of the proprietors of the mill of Hutchcroft & Geldard, of Kossuth, Iowa, was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1835, and is a son of Richard and Elizabeth (Smith) Hutchcroft, also natives of the same county.  He was reared upon his father's farm, educated in the common schools of his native land, and in 1857, at the age of twenty-two years, was united in marriage with Miss Hannah Eland, a native of Yorkshire, and a daughter of Robert and Hannah (Corps) Eland, who were also natives of Yorkshire.  Immediately after their marriage the young couple sailed for America and landed in New York, but at once went to Canada, settling in London Township, Canada West.  The following year, in the spring of 1858, Mr. Hutchcroft's parents came to America and took up their residence in Yellow Spring Township, Des Moines County, Iowa, where a farm was purchased, and there they resided for many years, when they removed to Kossuth, Iowa, and lived a retired life.  Mr. Hutchcroft died Sept. 9, 1879, the death of his wife having occurred June 21, 1879.  They were both devout members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and were buried in the old cemetery at Kossuth.  The father was an excellent business man, and during his life accumulated quite a fortune. After going to Canada Thomas Hutchcroft engaged in farming for six months and then removed to Kossuth, Iowa, there being employed as a farm laborer. The next year a farm was rented, but as cash was paid for the rent, instead of produce, he lost money.  The following year, in company with his brother-in-law, Robert Eland, 140 acres of land were purchased, which they cultivated for two years, when Mr. Hutchcroft purchased the other's interest.  Two more years passed in which he engaged in farming, and then the family removed to Kossuth, and after a residence there of but a few months another farm was rented for a year.  At the expiration of that time the mill property in Kossuth was offered for sale and Mr. Hutchcroft became the owner.  He still has a three-fourths interest, William Geldard owning the remainder, and is doing a fine business, a sketch of which appears elsewhere in this work.

Seven children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hutchcroft: Anna Elizabeth, who died at the age of seven years; Henrietta Jane makes her home with her parents; Susan died of scarlet fever at the age of three years; William Elsworth died when but a year old; Lillie Eugenie and Oscar are both residing with their parents; an infant, Amy Jane, who was second in order of birth, died at the age of six weeks.  Mr. Hutchcroft and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  He has been Sunday-school Superintendent, Class-Leader and Trustee, and is active in all Church work. In politics he is a Republican, and strongly advocates the enforcement of the prohibition laws.  For many years he was a School Director of Yellow Spring Township.  Starting life a poor boy, Mr. Hutchcroft has made all he possesses by his own efforts.  With but a few shillings in his pocket he went to Canada and immediately secured work, and by energy, economy and unceasing labor, together with the assistance of his good wife, he has become one of the well-to-do men of Yellow Spring Township.  Besides the splendid property before mentioned, he is the owner of a fine residence and other valuable property in Kossuth.  Mr. Hutchcroft is a liberal minded man, always ready to aid in the advancement of public interests, and is highly respected by all who have had the pleasure of knowing him.  As an upright business man and good citizen, he stands in the front rank of the best citizens of Des Moines County.