Page County >> 1880 Index

History of Page County, Iowa
Des Moines: Iowa Hist. Co., 1880.

Grant Township
Transcribed by Jenny Kehm


Page: 658-659

ALDEN, F. H., farmer, section 29, P. O. Shenadoah; born in Southberg, Worchester county, Massachusetts May 18, 1847 . At the age of eight years his parents moved to Henry county, Illinois . His early youth was spent in attending school and working on the farm. His father was killed by the cars in 1864, leaving him at the age of seventeen in charge of the family. Was married December 25, 1869 , to Miss Mary E. Blackburn of Henry county, Illinois , and moved to Page county, Iowa, in the spring of 1871. They are the parents of six children: Fred H., Lillie Grace, Harry B., Howard D., Nellie G., and Bessie B., deceased. They were the first to organize the first Baptist church of Shenandoah in June 1871; has been a deacon of the church since its organization, and his wife church clerk, and he holds the office of justice of the peace and township trustee. Owns 160 acres of fine land well improved and under hedge fence.

Page: 659

ARGUS, JOHN, restaurant and bakery, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Erie county, New York, January 2, 1835; passed his life on a farm until eighteen years of age, receiving in the meantime a common school education. The last three years, from fifteen until eighteen years of age, were employed in learning the shoemakers's trade at Buffalo , New York . He went hence to Toledo , Ohio , and at the end of two years came to Washington county, Iowa . He there followed his trade for a period of nineteen years, up to the time of his coming to Shenandoah in June, 1875. He was married December 24, 1857 , to Miss Josephine Rosier, a native of Indianapolis , Indiana . They have five children: Mary, Clara, Caroline, Addie and Lorena.

Page: 659

ANDERSON, S. N., farmer, section 11; born in Washington county, Illinois , December 25, 1834 . Resided with his parents until twenty-one years of age; then went to La Salle county, Illinois , remaining three years, when he went to Missouri . He remained in that state four years, and had commenced to build a home, when his union sentiments compelled him to leave his home and the state. He returned to Washington county, Illinois , to remain until the fall of 1863, when he came to Page county. In the following year he engaged in the furniture business in the city of Clarinda . This he continued for two years, when he went to Nodaway township to engage in farming. In 1877 he moved to Grant township purchasing a farm of 160 acres, which he continues to improve. He was married October 13, 1859 , to Miss Mary Caly, of Perry county, Illinois . They are the parents of six children, four living: Clara A., Cora J., Samuel O.; and Eva A.

Page: 659-660

BAKER, W. F., grain buyer, P. O. Bingham; was born in Bingham, Summerset county, Maine , January 9, 1836 . The early part of his life he attended school, and worked at the lumber business. Was married to Miss Ellen M. Smith, of Bingham , Maine , June 1858. Enlisted August 10, 1861, in the Ninth Maine infantry; he went into the service as captain of company D., and was mustered out as lieutenant-colored, participating in the numerous battles of the army of the Potomac; was with Sherman on the Port Royal expedition; was on Gen. Butler's staff six months, and acted as provost-marshal in various places, and was mustered out in July, 1866, serving nearly five years. Was taken prisoner at Plymouth , North Carolina , and was exchanged at Charleston , South Carolina . Returned to Maine , and followed the lumber business very extensively for six years, and lost very heavily by freshets. He then moved to Page county, Iowa, in the fall of 1872; was connected with the Wabash & Pacific railroad, acting an important part as agent for them in securing the right-of-way, and completing the road. Owns 80 acres of land near Bingham. He is the father of seven children, five of whom are living: Alice M., Hattie L., Mary E., Carroll D. and Nellie C.

Page: 660

BENDER, JACOB, harness and saddlery, P. O. Shenandoah; born in France , August 8, 1842 . Came with his parents to America when two years old. They located on a farm near New Albany , Indiana , on which young Bender resided, receiving his education in the common schools of the neighborhood, until 1860, when he went to Louisville , Kentucky , to learn his trade. He worked as a journeyman until the spring of 1871, when he came to Shenandoah, entering the employment of J. H. McConn. In 1872 he formed a partnership with Benj. Lake , which was continued until 1878, when it was dissolved, and Mr. Bender engaged in business in his own name. Married Miss L. Goodyear, a native of Saxony , April 30, 1874 . They have two children: Lillie B. and Antrim C.

Page: 660

BANKS, CHARLES, farmer, section 32, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Sweden , March 30, 1852 . Came to the United States in 1867 locating at Burlington , Iowa . At the end of six months he went to Warren county, Illinois , working at farming by the month for the following four years. Subsequently, he came to Ringgold county, Iowa , purchasing a farm, on which he labored for a year. Selling the property, he came to Page county, and purchased 160 acres in Morton township. He is a bachelor, and lives on a farm in single-blessedness, ‘with no one to molest or make him afraid.”

Page: 660-661

BENNETT, J. H. W., lumber merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Montgomery county, Maryland, February 26, 1829. When four years of age went with his parents to Mary county, same state, in which he lived until nineteen years of age. He changed his residence several times to various points in Maryland and Virginia , but in 1855 in the month of August, went to Dixon , Illinois . In the fall of 1879 came to his present home. From 1847 to '70 followed the trade of carpentry. In 1862 entered the service of the United States , serving in the “marine artillery.” At the end of five months was mustered out, when he entered the quarter-master's department, remaining until the close of the war. Was married August 10, 1862 to Miss Mary H_____, a native of Maryland . They are the parents of two children: Gracie and Mary.

Page: 661

BOYD, G. W., salesman, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Athens , Illinois , May 2, 1850 , in which place he resided until 1869. He then moved to Page county, Iowa, following farming until 1872 when he came to Shenandoah, which he has since made his home. Entered the employment of R. B. Crose in 1878. Was married October 4, 1877 to Miss Cary B. Crose, a native of Boone county, Indiana. They have one child: Jay E.

Page: 661

BAILEY, E. K., physician and surgeon, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Cook county, Illinois , June 3, 1848 . Lived on a farm until twelve years of age. He then was stationed at Fon Du Lac , Wisconsin , as telegraph operator on the C. & N. W. R. R., from which position he was advanced to the general office in Chicago . He thus provided himself with means to finish his college course, which he did in 1875, graduating from Wheaton College in that year. In 1877 he graduated from the Chicago Medical College , and in the same year entered upon his practice in Hepburn, Page county. The year following he came to Shenandoah. Was married to Miss M. B. V. Myers, a graduate of Wheaton College , June 1, 1876 , at Clarinda.

Page: 661

BURKHARD, T. S., grocer, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Erie county, New York , February 28, 1850 . When fifteen years of age moved to Omaha , Nebraska , and learned the blacksmith's trade. Came to Shenandoah in the spring of 1874, engaging in carpentry for nearly three years. In 1877 began his present business. Was married November 22, 1870 , to Miss Jennie V. Tischki, a native of Prussia . They are the parents of four children: John S., Charles F., Albert G. and Francis V.

Page: 661

BADHAM, J. R., P. O. Shenandoah; born in Worcestershire , England , September 9, 1841 . Came with his parents to the United States in 1844, with whom he settled in Hancock county, Illinois . After a single year's residence he moved to Iowa , locating on the present site of Council Bluffs , remaining for about fifteen months. His next place of extended residence was in Mills county, where he remained for twelve years. He then started out in life for himself, going to Manti, Fremont county, where he remained for seven years, at which time he came to Shenandoah, of which place he has since been a continuous resident. Was married to Eliza C. Fisher, January 16, 1864 . They have had five children, four of whom are now living: Mary C., Frank C. Willard E. and Byron J.

Page: 662

COX, E. B., farmer, section 23, P. O. Shenandoah; was born in Ross county, Ohio , October 12, 1844 . At the age of eight years his parents moved to Stark county, Illinois . At the age of eighteen he enlisted in company E, 112 th Illinois infantry, for three years. Participated in the battles of Knoxville , Atlanta , Utoy Creek, Campbell 's Station, Kelley's Ford, Beam's Station, Ressaca, Franklin , Nashville , Fort Anderson and Wilmington . Was mustered out June 20, 1865 . Returned to Stark county, Illinois , and was married July 3, 1869 , to Miss Eliza G. Eastman, of that county. Moved to Page county, Iowa , in the spring of 1871, buying 160 acres of land, which he has under a high state of cultivation. Has ten acres of beautiful grove surrounding his house; has walnut and chestnut trees bearing plentifully which he raised from seed. Has a fine an orchard as there is in the county. He is the father of five children, four of whom are now living: M. H., Jesse, Albert, Nora and Oliver.

Page: 662

CALL, SILAS, farmer, section 31, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Merrimac county, New Hampshire , December 10, 1825 . He resided there, following the occupation of a farmer, until 1865, when he moved to Bureau county, Illinois , where he engaged in the same occupation until the spring of 1868, when he came to Grant township. He has, by industry and care, built him a home on one of the finest farms in this township. He was married February 3, 1852 , to Miss L. Bullock, a native of Grafton , New Hampshire . They have had three children, of whom one is now living: Mary E. Mr. Call is one of the oldest settlers in the township, and a man of strict integrity and sterling worth.

Page: 662

CROSE, C. F., bookkeeper, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Sidney, Fremont county, Iowa , March 16, 1856 . Lived on a farm until fifteen years of age, since which time he has been in business in Shenandoah, either as salesman or bookkeeper. Was married June 2, 1880 , to Miss W. Nixon, a native of Virginia . Mr. Crose is secretary of the school board, and a member of the I. O. O. F., the A. O. U. W. and other secret organizations of high standing.

Page: 662

CROSE, R. B., merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Boone county, Indiana, January 2, 1846 . When eight years of age came to Iowa , locating in Fremont county, where he remained, following the occupation of a farmer, until 1870, when he came to Shenandoah, forming a partnership, and doing business under the firm name of Mettleman & Crose. He subsequently purchased his partner's interest, and conducted the business in his own name. Married Miss Clara Porter July 14, 1874 . They have four children, three living: Walter P., Newton W. and Rueben B.

Page: 663

COPSON, W. H., of the Shenandoah Reporter, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Albany , New York , February 17, 1851 . Lived in that city and the city of New York until thirteen years of age, when he went to Green county, Indiana. From this place he went to Summerfield , Illinois , remaining until 1868. Missouri next claimed him as a citizen, when he came to Iowa , locating at Hamburg , Fremont county. He has been connected with the Riverton Republican, as well as the Hamburg paper. When he came to Shenandoah he entered the employment of the Reporter, remaining until he formed his present partnership. In the early part of Mr. Copson's life he followed the business of broom making, entering the newspaper business in 1868. Was married July 2, 1876 , to Miss D. H. Noble, a native of Wisconsin . They are the parents of two children: Frederick W. and Gertrude M.

Page: 663

CAREY, B. W., farmer and stock-dealer, owns 400 acres of land, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Canada West, June 25, 1830 . Brought up and educated in that country, following the occupation of a farmer. In the spring of 1869 he came to Page county, settling in Washington township. Three years afterward he moved with his family to Galesburg , Illinois , his object being to educate his children. The advantages presented by Galesburg were eagerly improved by them for the three following years, when he moved back to Page and settled in the then youthful town of Shenandoah , of which he has since been a continuous and honored resident. He was married to Miss Jane C. Whiting, a native of Ireland , February 20, 1855 . They are the parents of seven children: Lydia J., (now Mrs. B. C. Welty), Catherine C., John, Richard W., George, Alice and Mabel. Mr. Cary is one of the heaviest stock-dealers in the county, and a man who has been closely identified with all the business interests of his adopted city. He has contributed to its prosperity, coming to it when it was in its extreme youth, and while looking sharply after his own interests, has not been unfaithful to those of a public nature. He is a man esteemed highly among his fellow-townsmen, a strenuous advocate of , and firm friend to, higher education, and of sterling worth.

Page: 663-664

CASTLE, G. H., attorney and justice of the peace, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Knox county, Illinois, August 30, 1842, in which county he was raised and educated. Enlisted in company A, 9 th Missouri infantry, June 25, 1861 , serving with that regiment until they were transferred to the 59 th Illinois infantry, company A. Was in the battles of Pea Ridge, Corinth , Perryville, Lookout Mountain , Mission Ridge, Pine Top Mountain , where he was severely wounded and disabled for three months, and numerous other battles and skirmishes. Was mustered out as orderly sergeant, June 12, 1866 , at New Braunfels , Texas . Coming home he entered Knox college, Galesburg , Illinois , graduating in June, 1872. Came to Shenandoah in the spring of 1876, beginning the practice of law in June, 1879. Was married to Miss Ella Swigart, September 26, 1874 . They are the parents of three children: Kittie, Grace and George. Owns 160 acres of splendid land.

Page: 664

COX, C. T., livery and feed stables; P. O. Shenandoah; born in Hancock county, Illinois , Nov. 6, 1844 . When he was three years of age his parents came to Iowa , near where Council Bluffs now stands. In 1870 he came to Shenandoah—having previously lived in several states—and entered upon his present business. Married Miss Rachael T. Long, a native of Wisconsin , January 24, 1868 . He is a member of the city council now serving his third term.

Page: 664

DAVEY, J., farmer, section 26, P. O. Bingham; was born in Conwell , England , August 13, 1846 . At the age of three years his parents moved to Wayne county, Pennsylvania . In 1863 came to Linn county, Iowa , and made one trip back to Pennsylvania , moved to Page county, Iowa, in the fall of 1871. Was married to Miss Elbina Pierce, of Linn county, Iowa , January 8, 1868 . Are the parents of two children: Willie R. and Harry E. Owns eighty acres of land, well improved, orchard bearing fruit, and a new house surrounded by forest trees. Lives one-half mile from Bingham Station. Holds the office of school director and road supervisor.

Page: 664

DRAKE, FRANK, farmer, section 26, P. O. Bingham; born in Harverfield , Delaware county, New York , June 10, 1833 . Resided with his parents until 22 years of age. His time was spent in farming and going to school. Went to Hartford , Connecticut in 1855. Was keeper of the insane asylum for two years. Went to Boston three years later, and was keeper in the insane asylum for two months. Was then engaged in farming for three years nine miles from Boston . In 1862 he enlisted for three years in the 32d Massachusetts infantry. Participated in the battles of Chancelorsville, Antietam , battle of the Wilderness, Laurel Hill, North Annie, Coal Harbor and Petersburg , and was in Grant's campaign until the surrender at Appomattox . Was mustered out near Washington , and returned to Delaware county, New York . Went to Aurora , Illinois , in 1865, and remained there five years. Came to Page county in the spring of 1871. Was married to Miss Eliza Kent, of Clarinda, October 8, 1872 . Is the father of five children, four living: Myrtie E., Mattie F., Frank K. and Guy W., and one deceased, Rennie W. Owns 165 acres of land, one-fourth of a mile from Bingham: good house and barn, orchard, small fruits and a fine grove.

Page: 665

DUFFIELD, H. P., physician and surgeon, P. O. Shenandoah; born in McHenry county, Illinois, January 7, 1845, where he remained until eighteen years of age. Thence moved to Albingdon, Knox county, Illinois . Commenced the study of medicine in the fall of 1867, with Dr. Thomas M. Reece. Graduated from Rush medical college, Chicago, February 2, 1870 . After two years' practice in Illinois , he came to Shenandoah in the spring of 1872, and entered upon a successful practice. He entered the federal army as a non-commissioned officer, June 6, 1864 , serving five months, when he was mustered out. Married November 10, 1875 , to Miss Maggie M. Camp, a native of McDonald county, Illinois , by whom he is the father of three children, one now living: Charles L.

Page: 665

DeCLARK, J. B., farmer, section 29, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Richland county, New York , November 29, 1835 . At the age of nine years, moved to Lexington county, where he remained until twenty-five years of age. In 1860 he was taken with the “western idea,” and started for that great country. He located in Fulton county, Illinois , employing his summers with farm work, and his winters in teaching school. From Fulton county he went to Missouri , thence back to Illinois , locating in McDonough county, and engaging in the mercantile business. In the spring of 1870 he came to Iowa , locating at Shenandoah. Was married September 1, 1857 , to Miss Amelia Stoddard, a native of New York . They have three children: Clara May, Frank A. and James H.

Page: 665

DAVIS, B. J., farmer, section 31, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Pelham , Massachusetts , May 23, 1835 . When two years of age moved with his parents to Lake county, Indiana. At the end of a year moved to Illinois , where he remained until the fall of 1870. He then came to Page county, Iowa , locating on his present fine farm. When fifteen years of age Mr. Davis learned the trade of blacksmith, a business which he followed for a number of years. Was married January 22, 1856 , to Miss E. Kenfield, a native of New York . They have five children, three now living: Emma J., Charles W., and Cora Belle.

Page: 665-666

in agricultural implements, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Fleming county, Kentucky , September 3, 1825 . When eight years of age he moved to Owen county, Indiana, residing on a farm until the fall of 1855. He then came to Iowa , locating in Jasper county, remaining one year, when he removed to Afton , Union county, entering the general mercantile business with the second stock of goods ever brought to that town. He came to Shenandoah in March, 1878, entering his present business. In August, 1862, enlisted in company H, 29 th Iowa infantry; went in as a second sergeant; was promoted in 1862 to second lieutenancy; resigned his commission in 1864.

Page: 666

FIELD, S. E., farmer, section 32, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Franklin county, Massachusetts , July 8, 1834 . When nineteen years of age moved to Knox county, Illinois , remaining until the fall of 1869, when he came to Page county, Iowa , locating on his present farm. Some of the earlier years of Mr. Field's life were passed in teaching school, both common and high schools. He entered the service of the United States in May, 1864, joining company E, 138 th Illinois infantry. Was mustered out the same year, having enlisted for only 100 days. He married Miss E. J. Eastman, November 6, 1870 . They have four children, three living: Henry A., Helen E., Martha L.

Page: 666

FRIESZ, FREDERICK, farmer section 14, P. O. Shenandoah; born in St. Clair county, Illinois, April 5, 1846, where he resided until the spring of 1873, when he came to Page county. He was married March 14, 1867 , to Miss Elizabeth Shaubert, a native of St. Clair county, Illinois . They are the parents of five children: Catherine, Mary Elizabeth, Mary, Annie, and Rosa. Owns 320 acres of fine and well improved land.

Page: 666

FRIESZ, ADAM G., farmer, section 14; born in St. Clair county, Illinois , October 9, 1845 . Resided there until 1873, when he came to Page county. Was married February 17, 1864 , to Miss Mary Shaubert of St. Clair county, Illinois . They are the parents of seven children: George, born August 29, 1865; Leana, born March 20, 1867; Peter, born April 23, 1869; Lewis, born December 23, 1870; George Adam, April 3, 1873; Mary Elizabeth, born November 26, 1875; and Eliza, born December 26, 1877. Mr. Friesz began his life with a capital of two thousand dollars; by judicious investments and careful work, he now has 800 acres of the finest land in Page county, well improved, and valued at $25,000.

Page: 666

GWYNN, G. N., grain and stock buyer, P. O. Bingham; was born in Green county, Pennsylvania , April 1, 1850 . His youth was spent in attending school and farming. In 1867 he came to Iowa , and followed the business of buying, feeding and shipping stock, living in Fremont and Mills counties, and sometimes teaching school in winter. Bought grain for L. B. Day & co., of Shenandoah, for three years. Moved to Bingham, Page county, Iowa , December, 1879. Was married to Miss Mary E. Sexton, of Tabor, Fremont county, Iowa , December 19, 1872 . They are the parents of five children: Richard M. and Gertie M.; three died at birth. Owns 80 acres of land in Fremont county, and house and eight lots in Bingham. He holds the office of notary public.

Page: 667

GOODWIN, MATT, Secretary Iowa Home insurance company; P. O. Shenandoah; born in Dublin , Ireland , October 25, 1848 . He emigrated to Canada , settling at Toronto . For two years he filled the position of teller in the Forest Branch of the City Bank of Montreal . From Montreal he went to New York City , and found employment as bookkeeper in the general ticket office of the New York Central & Hudson River railroad. He held this position for three years, when he became possessed of a desire to “go west,” and did so, locating at St. Louis , Missouri . He became bookkeeper and auditor to the St. Louis Life Insurance Company, remaining in that position for three years. He then went as supervisory agent and adjuster for the same company, working in the South. Shortly after this he came to Iowa , connecting himself with the Hawkeye insurance company, as a special agent, until his election as secretary of the company he now represents. His education was obtained at Trinity College , Dublin . Married August 5, 1875 , to Mrs. A, M. Manning, a native of Texas . They have one son: Robert N; and Mrs. Goodwin, by a former marriage, has a son: Hugh L. Manning.

Page: 667

GUNNISON , GEO. W., editor and proprietor Shenandoah Reporter, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Burlington , Iowa , August 22, 1855 . He has lived successively in Concord , New Hampshire , whither he went when one year old, in Worcester , Massachusetts , Erie Pennsylvania , Maysville , New York , and Pella , Iowa . While living in the last-named city his mother died. His father, who was president of the Baptist college at Pella , moved back to Pennsylvania , taking with him the subject of this sketch. In 1865 he came to Fremont county, Iowa , entering upon the occupation of farmer. At the end of two years he went to Chicago , engaging in the hardware trade. Two years later he came to Red Oak, Iowa , in the employ of an express company in that place. In December, 1874, he purchased the Shenandoah Reporter, which he at present edits. Was married May 1, 1878 , and has one child: Sarah L.

Page: 667

GAFF, D. R., proprietor of the Shenandoah Republican, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania , January 11, 1848 . He lived in the county of his birth until twenty years of age, when he moved to Carroll county, Illinois , and subsequently to Stevenson county, same state. In July, 1871, he came to Shenandoah, of which place he has since been a continuous resident. He established the paper with which he is now connected in September, 1877, having previously established and owned since 1871 the Shenandoah Reporter, which paper he sold to G. W. Gunnison in 1874. Was married to Miss Belle M. Miller, a native of Henry county, Illinois , in January, 1879. They are the parents of one child: Morrill.

Page: 668

GRIFFITH, JOHN X., farmer and stock raiser, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania , August 13, 1837 . When three years of age moved with his parents to Muskingum county, Ohio , remaining in that state until the year 1852, when he moved to Knox county, Illinois . Many of the earlier years of Mr. Griffith's life were passed in the grand old state of Illinois , but when in the full prime and vigor of manhood he came to Shenandoah, Page county, and has since been an honored citizen of the “daughter of the stars.” He has been intimately identified with the business interests of the town, regarding its prosperity as his own. First in every business project that meant well for his adopted county, liberal and whole-souled, it is not to be wondered at that Mr. Griffith has gained and held the utmost confidence and esteem of his fellow townsmen. In addition to his business interests in the city, his energy has exerted itself in another and not a whit less honorable direction, that of raising blooded livestock. His farm of four hundred acres, well stocked with the choicest cattle, situated one and a half miles northwest of the city, is one of the very finest in the county, well improved, with fine buildings, and an excellent orchard with small fruits. When his country called, Mr. Griffith was not slow to hear, and in the fall of 1862 was mustered into service with company A, 77 th volunteer Illinois infantry, as a non-commissioned officer. His experience during the war was an arduous and varied one. He was in the battles of Vicksburg , Arkansas Post, Gibson, Champion Hills, Black River , and in the assault on Vicksburg , in which he was captured March 22, 1863 ; was taken into the city, and parolled the next day. He again was captured at Sabine Cross Roads, April 8, 1864 , and taken into Texas and held until the war was over, having been released May 18, 1865 . Mr. Griffith was married on February 18, 1866 , to Miss Kate C. Castle, native of Knox county, Illinois , by whom he is the father of five children: Florence Mabel, Eliza Blanch, Gaylord C., Mary Emma, and Ethel. Of Mr. Griffith's worth as a man, and character as a gentleman, nothing need be said. There are few men who have enjoyed so generous a share of the public confidence as he. A patron of the county fair, and a liberal contributor to its success. To him the farmers of western Page are greatly indebted for added impetus to their labor and the successes they have achieved. He has been county supervisor, and ably looked after the interests of his constituency while in that position. A man of strong will and stable character, whom all love and none hate. May his days be full of usefulness, and his experience enrich the county of his adoption.

Page: 668-669

GURNEY, C. H.; was born July 17, 1847 , at Stanfordville, Dutchess county, New York . At the age of ten he moved, with his parents to Henry county, Illinois . In the winter of 1866 he first taught school, at Saxon, Illinois . In the fall of 1868 he entered Hillsdale College , Michigan , and, on June 19, 1873 , finished the classical course of study. In 1876 Hillsdale College conferred the degree of A. M., on completion of past graduate course. January 3, 1874 , he took charge of schools at Salem , Nebraska . In 1875 he had grasshoppers “bad,” and fled to Illinois . July 10, 1876 , he was elected principal of public schools of Villisca , Iowa , and remained four years in charge of same. On September 6, 1880 , he took charge of Shenandoah public schools. On April 3, 1878 , he was married at Salem , Nebraska , to Miss Mary Abbey Rising. On July 7, 1879 , May Belle Gurney was born at Villisca , Iowa . His religion is to do right; his politics, to cast one honest vote; his social creed, to mind his own business.

Page: 669

HALL, W. D., barber, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Lee county, Iowa , December 27, 1846 . In 1867 he moved to Hamburg , Fremont county. His business then was farming, which he followed until the fall of 1872, when he came to Shenandoah, engaging in his present business. Mr. Hall was married January 6, 1875 , to Miss T. Redfield, a native of Iowa , by whom he has three children: Arthur D., May and Earl.

Page: 669

HOFFMAN, J. B., president of the Iowa Home insurance company, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Germany April 28, 1838 . Came with his parents to the United States in 1843, settling in Fairfield county, Ohio . In the following year both his parents died, and he was thrown on the world, dependent upon his own resources. Began to learn blacksmithing business when eleven years of age, finishing the same at the age of fourteen. He subsequently went to Miami county, Indiana, purchasing a farm of eighty acres for $900, and at the end of the second year thereafter disposed of the same for $1,300. He then located in McDonough county, Illinois , purchasing a farm for $1,600. On this farm he labored for the following thirteen years, and then had accumulated the neat little sum of $39,000. Came to Page county in 1872, and owns over twelve hundred acres of the finest land in the county. Enlisted in company K, 46 th Indiana volunteers, in October, 1861, and was mustered out in January, 1863, on account of disability. He is one fo the prime movers in the business enterprises of Shenandoah.

Page: 669

HAHN, E. M., restauranter, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Knox county, Illinois , on March 21, 1847 . When twenty-three years of age, in 1870, he moved to Page county, Iowa , locating at Union Grove. Two years later Shenandoah became his place of residence, and he entered upon his present business. Was married September 9, 1869 , to Miss Josie Yockbits, a native of Bohemia . They are the parents of three children: Ina, Essie and Mortimer.

Page: 670

HESTER, M. J., grocer, restauranter and baker, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Henry county, Indiana, October 19, 1835 . His father dying when the lad was but eleven months old, his mother moved back to Clinton county, Ohio . He lived in this county until 26 years old. The greater part of his life was spent in school, either as student or teacher. His health failing him, he began to learn the carpenter trade, which business he followed until 1868, when he moved to Missouri . Moved to Shenandoah in August, 1879, and engaged in his present business with good success. Was married May 19, 1857 , to Miss Mary J. Hoover, a native of Ohio . They are the parents of four children: F. E. L., Martha, Mary and Charles M.

Page: 670

HOLCOMB, H. S., boots and shoes, hats and caps, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Bradford county, Pennsylvania , November 24, 1818 . He lived in the county of his nativity until 1856, when he removed to Bureau county, Illinois . There he remained until 1873, when he came to Page county, engaging in farming. He opened his present business in 1875. Was married February 15, 1842 , to Miss Betsy E. Allen, a native of Pennsylvania . They are the parents of five children, three now living: Isaac Newton, Lulu Helen (now Mrs. Wm. Ellis) and Lucy Emma.

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HUMPHREY, J. W., homeopathic physician, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Franklin county, Ohio , June 27, 1836 . Moved to Cedar county, Iowa at the age of nine years. When eighteen years of age he entered Mt. Carroll seminary, remaining for three years when he began to teach school. He graduated from a medical college in the city of New York in the spring of 1864. He began the practice of medicine at Marshalltown , Iowa , and thence in Bloomington , Illinois , remaining for three years. From Bloomington he came to Iowa , practicing for two years at Ft. Dodge , Webster county. He came to Shenandoah in January, 1877, where he has built up a fine practice. He was married to Miss Fannie Gibson, July 10, 1860 , from whom he was divorced in 1878. Married July 1, 1879 , to Miss Ella Brytle, of Illinois . By his former wife he had three children: Sylda, Ella, and Arthur C.

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INGRAHAM, ROBERT, coal dealer; born in Waynesburg, Green county, Pennsylvania , September 27, 1821 , where he resided until 1852. He then moved to Peoria , Illinois , remaining but a short time, when he came to Iowa , locating in Adams county. In the spring of 1854 he moved to Hancock county, Illinois . During two years of his stay in Illinois , 1854 to 1873, he was sheriff of this county. In 1873 he came to Shenandoah and engaged in his present business. He was married in 1844, to Miss Maria Gregg, a native of Green county, Pennsylvania . They are the parents of eleven children: Sarah A, Ruth C., now (Mrs. C. A. Berry,) Agnes, (now Mrs. O. Gittings,) Jane, William, Aaron, Maria, (now Mrs. W. A. Barlow,) and three deceased.

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JOHNSON, J. S., cabinet dealer, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Erie county, New York, February 11, 1834, living in his native county until the year 1867, when he moved to Farmington, Fulton county, Illinois, remaining there until 1871. In that year he came to Iowa , locating at Shenandoah, entering upon his present business. He was married June 7, 1868 , in Farmington , Illinois , to Miss Mary C. Jagger, a native of Hartford , Connecticut .

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KEMP, J. T., grain dealer, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Washington county, Iowa , July 8, 1848 . At the age of seventeen moved to Henderson county, Illinois . In the spring of 1872 came to Fremont county, Iowa , and in the following February came to Shenandoah. Was married November 7, 1869 , to Miss Anna M. Lorsins, a native of Warren county, Illinois . They are the parents of four children: Laura C., Maud A., Grace L. and Fred A.

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KAPSON, N. J., harness and saddlery, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Austria , April 2, 1848 . Came to this country when eleven years of age, settling in Iowa City , Johnson county, Iowa , and lived there until 1865. From that time until 1873 his residence was frequently changed, having lived in Missouri , Kansas and Iowa . In February, 1873, he came to Shenandoah, and has since resided here. Enlisted August 21, 1863 , in company K— Iowa cavalry, as company harnessmaker. Was engaged in the battles of Sugar Valley , Dallas , and Kenesaw Mountains , and was before Atlanta . Mustered out September 25, 1865 . Married to Miss Mary J. Skinner, a native of Page county.

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LYTLE, J. C., clerk, Shenandoah House, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Grant county, Indiana, February 28, 1852 . When six months old came with his parents to Fremont county, Iowa . In 1854 moved back to Grant county, and from thence, in 1865, went to Atchinson county, Missouri . In 1868 came again to Iowa , locating in Fremont county. Came to Shenandoah in April, 1875, and entered the Shenandoah House as clerk. His education is that usually afforded by the common schools. Was married October 7, 1876 , to Miss Katie Lyons, a native of Pennsylvania . They are the parents of two children: Maud E. and William J. Owns a farm of eighty acres in Morton township.

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LAKE, D. S., Shenandoah nursery, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Merrimac county, New Hampshire, January 27, 1845, living on a farm in his native county until 19 years of age. Came to Shenandoah in the spring of 1873. His nursery is a fine, large establishment, competent to supply the wants of southwestern Iowa . Was married January 23, 1872 , to Miss Hannah O. Day, a native of Connecticut . They have two children: Albert F. and Ralph.

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LAWS, WILLIAM, coal, wood and brick, P. O. Shenandoah; born in county Suffolk , England , August 7, 1821 . In the spring of 1835 he moved with his parents to Canada East, this continent. At the end of three years they moved to Rochester , New York , remaining until 1841, when they moved to Beloit , Wisconsin . Seven years thereafter, in 1848, they went to Will county, Illinois , remaining until March, 1871, when they came to Shenandoah. Mr. Laws entered the federal service in August, 1861, joining company A, 36 th Illinois cavalry. Was mustered out in September, 1864. Was engaged in the battles of Pea Ridge, Corinth and many skirmishes. Was married February 12, 1852 , to Miss Mary West, a native of Manchester , England . They are the parents of six children, five of whom are living: Virginia A., (now Mrs. Jesse Cartlich,) Hannah E., (now Mrs. James McCabe,) Kittie, Emma J., and George W.

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LIPPITT, F. C., stock raiser, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Noble county, Ohio , July 31, 1853 . At the age of twelve years his parents moved to Warren county, Illinois . His early life was spent attending school and working on the farm. He and his father have been engaged for fifteen years in raising fine blooded sheep in Warren county, Illinois, and are extensively known all over the west. Came to Page county, Iowa, in the spring of 1880, and bought 320 acres of fine land, two miles east of Shenandoah, and will make a specialty of raising fine Merino sheep. He has purchased the finest ewes he could find in the state of New York , Illinois , and Missouri . He has one ram a year that he paid $1,000 for in the state of Vermont . He is a young man of extensive means and energy.

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LYTLE, THOMAS, proprietor of Lytle House, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Randolph county, North Carolina, January 16, 1824. When eleven years of age his father went to Grant county, Indiana, settling on a farm and residing there until the fall of 1854. He then came to Iowa , locating in Fremont county, engaging in both milling and farming for the next six years. In 1860 he returned to Indiana , following different occupations until 1865, when he moved to Missouri , following farming for a period of four years. He then returned to Fremont county, Iowa , remaining until April, 1876, when he came to Shenandoah and began to conduct the Lytle House. Mr. Lytle has been twice married. His first wife was Miss Elizabeth Lowder, an native of Indiana ; died August 6, 1862 , leaving then children, three of whom are deceased: Marion M., Wilis, James C., Winnie, Thos. D., Elizabeth, and Tobias. His second wife was married to him March 6, 1865 . She was formerly Mrs. Catherine V. Sankey. She has one child, Richard, by her former husband.

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LAKE, A. S., P. O. Shenandoah; born in Merrimac county, New Hampshire , November 11, 1836 . He passed his early life upon the farm, receiving the usual benefits of the common schools. He early began to teach during the winter in the district schools, and so continued for several winters, attending school in the summer and fall, until he was prepared for college. He entered the freshman class of Dartmouth college in September, 1858, remaining for the full term of four years—maintaining himself by teaching during the winters—graduated in the spring of 1862. He, at once, entered upon the work of teaching, both in High school and academy, in Massachusetts and Connecticut , and has fitted a number of the young men for several of the New England colleges. While teaching in Thomaston academy he married Miss Jennie H. Fox, of Thomaston, November 19, 1869 . He continued in the profession until August, 1873, when he came to Shenandoah, and entered the hardware business. At the next town election he was chosen mayor. At that time there was an urgent call for more houses in Shenandoah, and he bought and erected several for rent, owning at present seven dwelling houses and two stores. After two years he abandoned the hardware business, and gave his whole time to his present occupation, that of land agent for eastern funds, and notary public. He is the father of two children: Carrie H. and John F.

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MORRIS, AARON, P. O. Shenandoah; was born September 16, 1832 near Brownstown, Jackson county, Indiana, and resided there until he was 10 years of age, when his parents removed to Jackson county, Missouri. Stayed there two years, and then moved to Hamilton county, Ohio , remaining there one year. Then moved to Miami county, Indiana, and stayed there twelve years. Then he went to Pulaski county, Illinois, stayed there five years; then went to flatboating on the Ohio river, and remained at that business nine years. Enlisted July 1, 1861 , in company G, of the Twenty-first Indiana Infantry Volunteers. Served in that regiment on year, and was then transferred to the siege artillery, and served one year and a half. Then re-enlisted and served through the war, remaining in the siege artillery until January 10, 1865 , when he was discharged. He participated in the battles of Baton Rouge , Beatash, Port Hudson, and a forty day siege under Gen. Banks. He then returned home; stayed there a short time, and went to Riley county, Kansas , and stayed there three years. Then came to Grant township, Page county, Iowa , where he has since lived. He owns a nice little farm of 40 acres. He lives alone, and is well-respected by his neighbors.

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MART, WILLIAM, P. O. Shenandoah; was born August 30, 1843 , near Cuba , Clinton county, Ohio . He resided there with his parents until August 1, 1861, when he enlisted in company H, of the Thirty-ninth Ohio Infantry Volunteers; served until August 12, 1864, and participated in the battles as follows: New Madrid, Missouri, Island No. 10, and the capture of five thousand prisoners ten miles below that place; then to Fort Pillow, Pittsburg Landing, capture of Corinth, and then made a ten days' march on three days rations, and took part in the battle of Parker's Cross-roads; then to Iuka; then in the second battle of Corinth and through the siege of Atlanta. During the siege he was laying on the ground, when a ball buried itself under him. After he was discharged he returned home, staying there one year. Was married September 14, 1865 , to Miss Louisa Thatcher, of Clinton county, Ohio . In 1866 he moved to Knox county, Illinois , and stayed there six months. Then moved to Clarke county, Iowa , remaining one years, when he moved Taylor county, Iowa, where he lived four years. He then moved to Grant township, Page county, Iowa , where he has since lived. He has five children: Albert W., Alice J., William, Milly V., Clinton, and one child that died when an infant. He is a man of good judgment, and is well-respected by everybody.

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McCULLOCH, W. I., farmer, section 27, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Juniata county, Pennsylvania, February 13, 1844, and resided there twenty-nine years. Moved to Page county, Iowa , March 6, 1873 , where he now resides. Was married September 11, 1877 , to Miss N. E. Patterson, of Page county, Iowa . Owns 360 acres of fine land, enclosed with hedge fence, and under a high state of cultivation; good house standing on an elevation, commanding a view of the surrounding country. Looking to the west twenty-three miles you see the church steeples of Sidney , and away to the south the hill tops of Missouri .

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MATTHEWS, W. C. justice of the peace, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Ontario county, New York , November 20, 1827 . In 1832 he moved to Medina county, Ohio , living there four years. In 1837 he settled in Farmington , Van Buren county, Iowa , only to move to Illinois in the following year. In 1846 he again came to Iowa , locating in Mills county. In February of 1851 went to Manti, Fremont county, at which place he was engaged in the hotel business for ten years. In 1864 he went to Boonesborough, Boone county, remaining but a year when he again came to Fremont county, remaining until 1874. Was married to Miss Amanda M. Eggleston, a native of Livingston county, New York , April 20, 1847 . They are the parents of six children, but two of whom are now living: Squire N. and E. M., (now Mrs. E. C. Blake).

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MATHUSS, Z. D., grain buyer, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Ashton, N. C., November 12, 1842. While he was still an infant his parents moved to Union county, Illinois , in which county he resided until fourteen years of age. He then went to Lee county, Illinois , engaging in the railroad business for the following six years. Thence he went to Virginia City , Montana , to engaging in mining, an occupation which busied him for five years. At the end of this time he went to Chicago, Illinois, thence to Cairo, Illinois, and finally to Chicago again, engaging in both places in the commission business. Came to Shenandoah in July, 1878. His coming has been an acquisition to the business interests of the city, into which he has entered with all the zest of an enterprising business man. Was married November 10, 1870 , to Miss Josie E. Uhl, a native of Pennsylvania .

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MENTZER, T. J., queensware and groceries, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania , May 8, 1836 . Came to Linn county, Iowa , in 1854, following the occupation of farmer until July, 1874, when he came to Shenandoah, engaging in his present occupation. Was married September 6, 1876 , to Miss Alissa Owens, a native of Warren county, Pennsylvania .

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MENTZER, JOHN, merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania , February 10, 1851 . When three years of age he came with his parents to Linn county, Iowa, where he remained until 1871. He then came to Shenandoah, engaging in his present business, that of a grocer. Married April 1, 1875 , to Miss Emma J. Myers, a native of Washington county, Pennsylvania . They have had two children, one of whom is living: Mabel F.

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MENTZER, P. H., merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania , September 3, 1843 . When eleven years of age he came to Iowa with his parents, who located in Linn county. In 1871 he came to Shenandoah, and opened the first exclusive grocery store in the new city . The firm of Mentzer Brothers have the finest grocery store and building in the county. Mr. Mentzer was married November 5, 1872 , to Miss Dessie S. Owens, a native of Warren county, Pennsylvania . This was the first wedding in Shenandoah. They have no children of their own, but care for an adopted son.

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McCORMICK, A. M., merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Warrenton, Jefferson county, Ohio , February 7, 1852 . While still a child he moved with his parents to Alleghany City , where he received a common school and college education at Sharpsburg college. Came to Shenandoah in the spring of 1875, engaing in the dry goods and notion trade with good success. Married October 15, to Miss Maud McCourt, of Cattaraugus county, New York .

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MARTIN, W. C., furniture, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Monroe county, New York , February 11, 1819 . Went to Athens , Ohio , with his parents, when one year old, remaining until eighteen years of age. He then went to learn a trade with Wm. D. Bartlett, of Athens . He served an apprenticeship of three years, afterwards engaging in the business at Akron , Ohio . Went to Kansas in 1869, remaining until 1872, when he came to Shenandoah. Was married to Miss Mary E. Kidder, a native of New Hampshire , in January, 1844. They are the parents of two children: Mary L. and Harris L.

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McGOGY, J. F., livery and feed stable, P. O. Shenandoah; born in South Bend , Indiana , January 17, 1839 . Was a farmer until the beginning of the war. Enlisted in August, 1861, in company D, 48 th Indiana infantry, as second duty sergeant. Was promoted to the first lieutenancy in 1863, and in 1865 to the captaincy in the same regiment. Sixty days thereafter he received a commission as brevet colonel, from President Johnson, for meritorious conduct. He was engaged in numerous battles during the war, any of which would reflect credit on his conduct. At the close of the war he went on a cotton plantation in Alabama , remaining until 1870. Came to Iowa in 1871, and resided on a farm in Fremont county. He came to Shenandoah in 1873, entering upon his present occupation. Married Mrs. Emma Ladd, October 1, 1874 . They are the parents of four children: Elva E., James F., (deceased) Arthur and Mary.

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MORRIS, J. L., insurance and real estate, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Rockbridge , Virginia , December 23, 1820 . When nine years of age went with his parents to Hamilton county, Ohio , where he lived until 1833. Thence he went to Clarke county, where his father died. In 1838 he went to Galena , Illinois , remaining but a year, when he went to Fulton county, same state, and thence back to Ohio , where he lived until 1858. From Ohio he went to Mercer county, Missouri , remaining eleven years, when he came to Fremont county, Iowa . He resided at Sidney , and then at Hamburg , conducting a hotel in each place. He came to Shenandoah in 1872, and opened the Shenandoah House. At the expiration of a year he began his present occupation. He was mustered into company H, Third Missouri cavalry, April 4, 1862 . Was twice promoted, serving as second lieutenant, in the same company, and then as a major. Was in the battles of Nutona, Pleasant Ridge, Springfield , and several minor engagements. On account of ill health, he resigned his commission in 1863. Was married to Miss Hattie Arbuckle, a native of Knox county, Ohio , March 2, 1844 . They are the parents of eight children, four of whom are now living: Marcus L., Frances M., Hattie V. (now Mrs. T. C. Beard) and J. Z., at home.

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PACE, T. N., merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Cumberland county, Kentucky , August 17, 1831 . At the age of nine years moved to Warrick county, Indiana, his father having previously died. In 1861 went with his mother to Evansville , Indiana , living there until her death. On the 5 th of August, 1861 , enlisted in company G, First regiment Indiana cavalry, at the organization of the company he was elected its captain. On March 16, 1863 , he received promotion, ranking as major. In May, the same year, he was again promoted, ranking as lieutenant colonel of his regiment. In February, 1864, he became colonel of his regiment. Was mustered out in 1864 with this rank. Colonel Pace was in the battles of Frederickstown , Missouri , and on many another hard fought field before the close of the war. Colonel Pace was married August 12, 1862 , to Miss Mary E. Wilcox, a native of Indiana, by whom he had one child, now deceased. He came to Shenandoah in 1874, engaging in his present business and becoming closely identified with all the enterprises conductive to the growth of the city. He is an active, intelligent man and eminently deserves the confidence reposed so universally in him.

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READ, THOMAS H., banker, president First National Bank, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Schuyler county, Illinois, March 3, 1841. His early education was obtained from the common schools. In 1865 and '66 he was a student in Hedding College , Abingdon , Illinois . In 1870 went to Clarinda, Iowa, engaging in the stock business until 1872; from that time until 1875 he was in the bank at Clarinda, when he came to Shenandoah in the Farmers' & Merchants' Bank. The banking house of which he is now president was organized on May 5, 1877 . Was married to Miss E. J. Althin, a native of Minnesota . They have three children: Elbert A., Hannah E. and Luella J.

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ROSS, G. J., physician and surgeon, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Putnam county, Illinois, April 23, 1842, where he lived on a farm until seventeen years of age. He received his preparatory education in the common school and at Mendota seminary. He then entered the freshman class of Wheaton college, remaining until the commencement of the war. In July, 1861, he enlisted in company A, 13 th Illinois infantry, for three years or during the war. He served with that regiment until the first attack on Vicksburg . He was then transferred to the signal corps, in the spring of 1863. Was mustered out by the discharging of that corps. At the expiration of two months thereafter he again enlisted, in company B, 104 th Illinois infantry. Was in the battle of Lookout mountain, and with Sherman on his march to the sea. He was present at Washington with Sherman at the grand review, and received a commission as first lieutenant in company K, 34 th Illinois . Was ordered to Louisville , Ky. , remaining there until July, 1865, when he was ordered to Chicago and mustered out. Shortly afterward he entered the University of Michigan , in the medical department, from which he graduated in the spring of 1867. In 1868 he began his practice in Mt. Sterling , Illinois , remaining until 1874. He then went to Texas , remaining but a short time, meeting with reverses. He came to Shenandoah in October, 1874, where he has enjoyed a lucrative practice ever since. Was married May 13, 1869 , to Miss Louisa Abgate, of Jacksonville , Illinois . They are the parents of three children: Gertrude C., James G. and Josephine.

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REDFIELD, J. H., of the firm of Redfield Brothers, barbers, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Mills county, Iowa, September 1, 1850, and remained there until four years of age, when he went to Fremont county, Iowa, locating at Manti. Came to Page county in the spring of 1875, following the occupation of farmer until 1877, when he began his present business. Married Miss viola Andrews, October 6, 1878 . They have had one child, deceased.

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REDFIELD, J. F., barber, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Mills county, Iowa , January 30, 1855 . Entered into partnership with his brother on the establishment of the firm of Redfield Brothers in the year 1877.

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RHODES, JOHN W., contractor and builder, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Warren county, Ohio, March 26, 1850, in which he resided until seventeen years of age. He then moved into Henry county, Iowa, remaining ten years, at the end of which time he came to Page county, locating permanently at Shenandoah, having first resided a few months at Essex. He learned first the trade of a printer, but finally abandoned it for that of carpenter and joiner, in which business he is now engaged. Was married August 19, 1872 , to Miss Victoria F. Blackman, a native of Butler county, Ohio . They are the parents of two children: Maude and Louis.

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STANTON, FRANKLIN, farmer, section 27, P. O. Shenandoah; was born in Rochester, Peroia conty, Illinois, February 8, 1841, and moved to Galva, Illinois, in 1854, and back to Rochester in 1860. Enlisted in August, 1862, in the Seventy-seventh Illinois infantry, for three years. Participated in the battles of Vicksburg , Jackson , Mississippi , and Red River . Was taken prisoner at Red River and was held at Camp Tyler, Texas, thirteen months and nineteen days was paroled and sent to the mouth of Red River and thence to New Orleans, and then to St. Louis and to Springfield, Illinois, where he was mustered out July 20, 1865, and returned to Galva, Illinois, where he married Miss Ellen L. Riggen, of that place. They are the parents of three children: Freddie S., deceased, and Lillian C. and Gracie A., living. Moved to Jersey , Stark county, Illinois , in 1867, and moved to Page county in the spring of 1872, where he now resides, owning eighty acres of good land and cozy buildings with beautiful surroundings.

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SMITH, W. A., farmer, section 16, P. O. Shenandoah; was born in Essex county, New York , September 13, 1825 . At the age of thirteen his parents moved to Vermont, where he learned blacksmithing and was married to Miss Helen A. Fillmore, of Rutland, Vermont, second cousin to President Fillmore, April 22, 1851, and moved to Marengo, McHenry county, Illinois, in 1858, resided there seven years then moved to Durant, Cedar county, Iowa, and lived there seven years, and moved to Page county, Iowa, in the spring of 1871, where he bought 160 acres of land. Was in Shenandoah and saw the first train of cars pass through that place. Is the father of eight children: Nettie F., taught the first school in that district in the first school house built in Grant township, was married to Dr. H. Binney, of Red Oak, and died January 12, 1875, George L., now attending medical college at Keokuk, Iowa, Susan H., Millard S., Eunice H., Mamie L., William A. and Makie E., deceased. Susan H. was married to Dr. J. H. Binney of Red Oak, January 6, 1878 . W. A. Smith died March 5, 1878 , leaving his family with a comfortable home and pleasant surroundings. He was a man of great energy and perseverance.

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SHURGART, J. H., P. O. Shenandoah; was born in Fayetteville , Franklin county, Pennsylvania , February 29, 1840 . In the fall of the same year moved with his parents to Ashland county, Ohio , residing there until the spring of 1850. In the spring of 1850 went to Illinois , spending the first summer near Peoria , moving in the fall to a farm four miles north of Princeton , Bureau county. In 1856 his parents moved to Princeton , where young Shurgart received the advantages afforded by the schools of that city. In 1859 he began his apprenticeship at the tinner's trade. Having finished his trade he returned to school determined to finish his education. In the spring of 1862 enlisted in the federal army, returning at the expiration of his time of service broken down in health. He then engaged in the hardware business in Mt. Carroll and Shannon , when the last call for troops was made and away he went again to do valiant service for his country. He returned in October, 1865. The year 1869 found him in Red Oak, and the fall of the following year in Shenandoah, the city not only of his own adoption, but to which he sustains almost the relation of a parent. His connection with the early history of the city is fully given in the chapter devoted to it. He was married February 20, 1866 , to Miss Jennie B. Tippery, a native of Pennsylvania . Have five children living: Rollo J., George S., Jennie M., Joseph L. and Frank H.

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SWANE, J., farmer and stock dealer, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Nantucket county, Massachusetts , October 22, 1840 . When fourteen years of age moved to Detroit , Michigan . In 1858 his business life began as a clerk in a wholesale boot and shoe establishment, in Boston , Massachusetts . From 1862 to 1866 was paymaster to the company engaged in constructing the Atlantic & Great Western R. R. In 1868 came to Livingston , county, Illinois , engaging in farming for three years. In the fall of 1871 came to Shenandoah and engaged in the mercantile business until 1874. From 1874 to 1877 he engaged in banking, and since that time in his present occupation. Has twice married; to Miss Susan Fletcher, October 8, 1871, who died in March, 1873, and again to Mrs. Belle Cole of Shenandoah, who has three children by her former marriage: Lora, Lena and Henry.

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SCHNEIDER, J. G., merchant tailor, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Germany , June 18, 1850 . Came to the United States in 1867, locating in Madison county, Indiana . In 1869 came to Louisa county, Iowa, from thence to Rock Island, Illinois; again to Iowa in Wapello county, until March, 1879, when he came to Shenandoah engaging in his present business. Was married to Miss A. J. Bannersfield, of Buffalo , New York , by whom he has four children: Edward C., Anna B, Sarah M. and an infant son not named.

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TRAYLOR, M. V., biographical writer, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Pike county, Indiana, February 2, 1851 . His early life was spent with his father, on a farm. At the age of 21 years he moved with his father to Kansas . Becoming dissatisfied there, he with his father, returned to Pike county, Indiana. Lived with his sister, on a farm, one year, and went to work for his uncle, on a farm. He obtained most of his education in the high school of Petersburg , Indiana . Began teaching in 1875. Followed teaching and farming until the spring of 1880, when he went to Page county, Iowa . Was engaged in selling subscription books for Segner & Condit, of Burlington , Iowa , for about five months, when he united with the Iowa Historical Company, of Des Moines , Iowa . He has been a member of the Methodist church since January 12, 1878 ; also a member of the I. O. O. F. since 1879.

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WILCOX, S. S., merchant, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Orleans county, New York, January 11, 1819, in which state he lived until 15 years of age. He then became a resident of Ohio , in which state he remained four years. From that time until the spring of 1861 he resided in Warrick county, Ind., when he moved to Fremont county, Iowa , settling on a farm until the spring of 1875. He then came to Shenandoah, engaging in the mercantile business with entire success. Mr. Wilcox is a carpenter by trade, and occupation which he followed until his coming to Iowa . He is now occupying the responsible position of elder in the Church of Latter Day Saints , elsewhere noticed, and is the present mayor of the city of Shenandoah . Was married to Miss Sarah A. De Forest, a native of Warrick county, Indiana, November 12, 1840 . They are the parents of four children: Mary E. (wife of T. N. Pace), Joseph H., Fannie E. (wife of William White), and Eben S.

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WOLFF, H. S., farmer, section 32, P. O. Shenandoah; was born in Cincinnati , Ohio , March 16, 1844 . His father being a wholesale merchant his early life was spent in school. Received a thorough education, and having the desire to become a farmer, he hired out as a farm laborer, until he became thoroughly familiar with the business. Moved to Mt. Pleasant, Henry county, Iowa, in 1870, remained there five years, then moved to Page county in the fall of 1875; buying 252 acres of the finest land in Grant township, which he has under a high state of cultivation, and enclosed with a hedge fence, good house, barn and cattle sheds, orchard and groves; has a magnificent view, one of the finest in the state. He makes a specialty of raising thoroughbred short horn and Durham cattle. He has one cow that has raised nine calves, which sold for $2,700, and has taken $600 worth of premiums. He is president of sub-order 166 of international horse thief association. Was married March 22, 1877 , to Miss Lucy E. Waugh, of Canton , Illinois .

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WARREN, T. J., stoves and tinware, P. O. Shenandoah; born in St. Joseph county, Indiana, September 17, 1847, in which he lived until 17 years of age. He then commenced learning his present trade, an occupation he has since followed. He came to Cass county, Iowa , having previously lived, for a short time each, in Grundy county, Illinois , and Marshall county, Iowa . In 1870 came to Page and located at Shenandoah, while the city was still in its infancy. Has held the offices of recorder and postmaster in the city of his adoption. Was married December 13, 1870 , to Miss Mary Havens, a native of Laporte county, Indiana, by whom he is the father of two children, both deceased. Mr. Warren was educated in Notre Dame University , Indiana . When he came to Shenandoah he had a single cent in his pocket, but has by frugality and industry made himself a fair competence. His generosity is well illustrated in the care he has exercised over his adoptive son, Charles Egerly, of Staten Island , New York , whose father starved to death in California , and whose mother is supposed to have been drowned in Charleston river.

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WHITING, E. W., farmer, section 21, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Medina , Sharon county, Ohio , July 31, 1830 . In the following year his parents moved to Missouri , and in 1836 to Adams county, Illinois . Came to Iowa in 1844. Young Whiting was of a roving disposition, and left home when fourteen years of age. In his sixteenth year he enlisted in the Mexican war, and was in the battles of Santa Fe , Bentonsford, Ft. Pueblo , and Ft. Laramie . Shortly after he was mustered out with several companions and started for the states, but was captured on the way by a band of Pawnees. Through the influence of a young chief they were liberated, but told to ride for their lives. Acting on this suggestion they covered seventy-five miles the first day out. They were thirty days in reaching the Missouri . In 1847 he moved to Mills county, Iowa , and five years after went overland to California . He engaged in mining four years and then returned to Mills county, Iowa . On July 9, 1857 he was married to Miss Augusta McConoughey, and in the fall of the following year came to Page county. The ten years following were filled with varied experiences. He was again captured by the Indians in southern Kansas , whither he had gone to prospect. Has made his home in several states, and finally came to Page county in 1867 where he has since resided. He has a family of five children: Florence G., William, Nettie L., and Linnie; one deceased.

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WHITING, DR. E. C., physician and surgeon, P. O. Shenandoah; born July 14, 1838 , in Colwell county, Missouri . His parents removed to Hancock county, Illinois , in 1841, remaining until 1846. They then went to Florence , Nebraska , at which place the mother of Dr. Whiting died in the following spring. The boy went to St. Joseph , Missouri , living for the next two years with a Mr. George Snyder. His patron then went to Salt Lake City , Utah , and Dr. Whiting to Mills county, Iowa , engaging in any honorable occupation that promised remuneration or livelihood. In 1855 he became the purchaser of an interest in the first threshing machine brought to this section of the state, a venture which proved exceedingly lucrative. He is next found in Fremont county, at Fisher's grove, working in a chair factory until 1861. In 1862 he commenced the study of medicine, with Dr. William Hamilton, of Hamburg , remaining with him one year. He then matriculated at the Eclectic College of Medicine, at Cincinnati , Ohio . In October, 1866, he attended his second course of lectures and graduated the same year. His first location after graduation was at Bartlett, Fremont county, Iowa . In December, 1876, he came to Shenandoah, where he has since resided, enjoying a growing practice from that date. He was married January 21, 1871 , to Miss Lucy J. Sand, of Jackson county, Iowa , by whom he is the father of one child: Essie Lula, born November 14, 1871 . Mr. Whiting is a man distinguished for great energy of character and strong will; a man among men, becoming rich by his own unaided efforts. His integrity is of the strictest kind, and his social position such as becomes a man of his standing—respected by, and enjoying the confidence of all.

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WEST, ALBERT J., postmaster, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Portage county, Ohio , August 26, 1841 . When four years of age he moved to Wisconsin with his father's family, remaining until the fall of 1867. In June, 1861, he enlisted in company f, Fifth Wisconsin Infantry. Mustered out in November, 1862, on account of disability. In the spring of 1868 he went to Tabor, Fremont county, Iowa , living there three years. In the spring of 1871 he came to Shenandoah, engaging in various kinds of business until February, 1876, when he became postmaster at Shenandoah. Was married to Miss A. Miner, March 29, 1869 . They are the parents of four children: Hugh M., Grey M., Louisa A. and Mabel C.

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WILCOX, E. S., general merchandise, P. O. Shenandoah; born in Warrick county, Indiana, January 8, 1848 . At the age of twelve years he came to Iowa with his parents, locating in Fremont county. Was a farmer until 1874, when he came to Shenandoah and entered upon his present business. Was married to Miss Clara Long, a native of Wisconsin , January 10, 1871 , by whom he has two children: Frank E. and Hattie B.

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WAY, A. L., farmer, section 12; born in Ashtabula county, Ohio, October 22, 1829, and resided there until 1855, when he moved to Henry county, Illinois. He came to Page county in the spring of 1871. Was married to Miss Annie Butterick, of Henry county, Illinois , October 26, 1869 . They are the parents of five children: Ella F., Bertha A., Ross, Daisy M., and Haven M. He owns 120 acres of fine land, improved with orchards, fruit trees and good buildings.

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WILLIAMS, T. J., land agent and dealer in real estate, P. O. Shenandoah; was born in Fayette county, Indiana, March 24, 1832, but moved when quite small to Wabash county, where he resided, engaging in farming, up to 1862, when he moved to Benton county, Iowa. There he again engaged in farming, until 1868, when he moved to Page county, where he has resided since. Was married December 25, 1857 , to Mary J. Fowler, a native of Wabash county, Indiana. Have four children: Frank, Adw. S., Edward L. and Hugh.