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HISTORY OF CARROLL COUNTY IOWA
A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement
VOLUME I ILLUSTRATED
CHICAGO THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY 1912
Digitized for Microsoft Corporation
by the Internet Archive in 2008.
From New York Public Library.
May be used for non-commercial, personal, research, or education purposes, or any fair use.
May not be indexed in a commercial service.
Transcribed and donated
by Marilyn Setzler.
AGRICULTURAL—CARROLL COUNTY IN ITS PHYSICAL
FORMATION—LOCATED IN THE NOTED CORN BELT OF
IOWA—FINE STOCK IN THE
COUNTY—TOTAL NUMBER OF FARMS—THE PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS RAISED.
Carroll county in its physical formation is no exception to the general character of western Iowa. The surface is gently undulating, there being but few hills in the county, and very little waste land. Early settlers were obliged to huddle within limited neighborhoods on account of the small portions covered with timber. For they shunned the prairies with their broad expanse of fertile lands and inviting possibilities for agriculture and grazing. It was only when the influx of settlers came in the early '70s that the abounding expanse of prairie attracted attention and settlement began in earnest. The process was slow at first, but in time the lands of the county were taken up by a sturdy class of farmers, who have given it a distinct tone and appearance of substantial prosperity. Farm buildings of Carroll county are above the average of western Iowa farm homes are large and attractive, and the general appearance of the rural communities is pleasing and inviting, suggestive of prosperity, home comforts and intelligence.
Located in the noted corn belt of Iowa, the county has been productive and farmers have been thrifty. By turns farmers have experimented with different phases of farming, cropping and stock-raising, and the result is a diversified industry. Many have continued to feed stock and purchase feed, where they have not been able to raise sufficient themselves. But the tendency has been toward raising various crops and disposing of the same when advantageous markets offered substantial profits. Others have made it a point to keep just enough stock to dispose of their own feed and fatten the stock they could graze on their home acres. Others have confined their operations to raising corn, oats, hay, etc., and selling on the good markets that have prevailed for the last decade and a half. Dairying has attracted more attention since the possibilities of the silo have been demonstrated and many predict that the road to intensive farming, which is inevitable, is through the silo and dairy products. Nothing is surer than the demand of land owners to realize greater returns from the high-priced lands of this county. And this can be done only by greater and more intelligently directed effort. Old-fashioned farming is not going to make the required change. The application of methods of scientific agriculture will bring about the results farmers and land owners are seeking.
One thing is noticeable, the class of live stock to be found on the farms of Carroll county. In many cases farmers raise the pure-bred, and rarely do they have anything below high grades. The old-time "scrub" has disappeared with the shovel plow and the hand planter. The breeding of fine horses, cattle and hogs has been pursued until fanciers are to be found in every part of the county and their neighbors have caught the spirit of improvement so that herds and flocks reflect the upward trend that modern conditions have brought about on the farm.
The following statistics taken from the state census of 1905, will give an idea of the character of lands in the county, the kind and class of farming done, and the variety of crops grown:
Number of improved acres of land in county, 332,622; number of acres unimproved, 16,892.
Number of farms operated by owners, 1,308, number operated by renters, 730. Total number of farms in Carroll county, 2,050.
Number of acres in corn, 118,275; value of the crop, $1,459,603.
Number of acres in wheat, 9,553; value of the crop, $93,723.
Number of acres in oats, 60,312; value of the crop, $460,559.
Number of acres in barley, 6,555; value of the crop, $46,338.
Number of acres in rye, 87; value of the crop,
Number of acres in buckwheat, 45; value of the crop, $303.
Number of acres in clover, 4,404; value of the crop, $35,782.
Number of acres in, timothy, 25,164; value of the crop, $179,568.
Number of acres in millet and Hungarian, 105; value of the crops, $869.
Number of acres in alfalfa, 16; value of the crop, $124.
Number of acres in wild hay, 16,004; value, $88,361.
Bushels of flax seed produced, 35; value, $598.
Bushels of clover seed produced, 821; value, $4,971.
Bushels of timothy seed produced, 678; value, $3,168.
Bushels of potatoes produced, 151,142; value, $40,095.
Bushels of sweet potatoes produced, 535; value, $558.
Bushels of sweet corn raised, 1,102; value, $826.
Value of apples raised, $16,351.
Value of peaches raised, $27.
Value of plums raised, $3,625.
Value of cherries raised, $2,887.
Value of berries raised, $6,354.
Value of grapes raised, $391.
Value of fowls raised, $83,308.
Value of eggs, $109,649.
Value of dairy products, $186,759.
Value of vegetables raised, $16,063.
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