BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
Washington, April 14, 1861.
Whereas the laws of the United States have been for some time past and now are opposed and the execution thereof obstructed in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings or by the powers vested in the marshals by law:
Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution and the laws, have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the several States of the Union, to the aggregate number of 75,000, in order to suppress said combinations and to cause the laws to be duly executed. The details of this object will be immediately communicated to the State authorities through the War Department.
I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, and aid this effort to maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of our National Union, and the perpetuity of popular government, and to redress wrongs already long enough endured. I deem it proper to say that the first service assigned to the forces hereby called forth will probably be to repossess the forts, places, and property which have been seized from the Union, and in every event the utmost care will be observed, consistently with the objects aforesaid, to avoid any devastation, any destruction of or interference with property, or any disturbance of peaceful citizens in any part of the country.
And I hereby command the persons composing the combinations aforesaid to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes within twenty days from date. Deeming that the present condition of public affairs presents an extraordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution, convene both houses of Congress. Senators and Representatives are therefore summoned to assemble at their respective chambers at twelve o'clock noon on Thursday, the fourth day of July next, then and there to consider and determine such measures as in their wisdom the public safety and interest may seem to demand.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this fifteenth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-fifth.
By the President:
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
TO: Governors of:
Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota|
From: WAR DEPARTMENT,
Washington, April 15, 1861.
Under the act of Congress "for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, repel invasions," approved February 28, 1795, I have the honor to request Your Excellency to cause to be immediately detached from the militia of your State the quota designated in the table below, to serve as infantry or riflemen, for the period of three months, unless sooner discharged.
Your Excellency will please communicate to me the time at or about which your quota will be expected at its rendezvous, as it will be met as soon as practicable by an officer or officers to muster it into the service and pay of the United States. At the same time the oath of fidelity to the United States will be administered to every officer and man. The mustering officer will be instructed to receive no man under the rank of commissioned officer who is in years apparently over forty-five or under eighteen, or who is not in physical strength and vigor.
The rendezvous for your State will be:
Governors were notified by telegraph, same date, of the requisition being made.|
Correspondence, Orders, Reports, and returns of the Union Authorities from Nov 01, 1860, to Mar 31, 1862.
Civil War ~ Volunteers!
When President LINCOLN called for volunteers to enlist for 90 days to put down the southern rebellion.
Most people, North and South, thought the war would be short. LINCOLN asked for a specific number of
soldiers from each state, and volunteers quickly met his request. After the first battles everyone
realized that the war would not end quickly, and the Army started to signed up men for three years.|
As the war began, Iowa was committed to the Union cause. Thousands of Iowans volunteered at the first call for soldiers. But the Union was not prepared for war. At first Iowans did not have enough weapons or ammunition. Governor Samuel Kirkwood appealed to Washington, but no arms arrived. He then sent Grenville Dodge to Washington to plead Iowa's case. Dodge was successful and returned with some supplies. Camp McClellan was built on the banks of the Mississippi River near Davenport as a training post for Iowa soldiers. Still, the first departing men were inadequately armed, clothed and trained.
When the War Department issued a call for volunteers and asked for one regiment from Iowa. Governor Samuel Kirkwood was uncertain if Iowa could raise the number of volunteers necessary to meet its quota, but enough men enlisted to form ten regiments. In total, Iowa furnished 48 infantry regiments, 9 cavalry regiments and 4 batteries of artillery. Iowa also furnished one black regiment and a thousand replacement troops. Iowa’s 76,000 soldiers conducted themselves with honor throughout the war. Twenty-seven received Congressional Medals of Honor. Thirteen thousand died. Many more died from disease than from bullet wounds.
On the 4th of March, 1861, Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, was inducted
into the office of president of the United States, amidst the cheers and
acclaim of that majority of the people of the county which believed that the
traffic in slaves and the institution of human bondage was wrong morally
and should be made so legally. The joys of the multitude all over the
country in the successful culmination of the inaugural exercises were
intermingled by the unsuppressed hisses and execrations of the southern
element, whose "peculiar institution" was jeopardized by Lincoln's assumption
of the reins of government. And their determination to resist him
and his policies was made fully manifest to the people of the north when
they were electrified and horrified by the intelligence that on April 15,
1861, the flag of this country has been insulted and assaulted by the rebel
cannon, planted at Charleston, South Carolina, by firing upon Fort Sumter,
in the harbor close by, and her commandant. Major Anderson, asked
to surrender. It was then President Lincoln determined that civil war
was on and issued a general proclamation for seventy-five thousand troops.
In 1861 Page county was still an infant in swaddling clothes. There was not a railroad or line of telegraph within her borders, consequently, news traveled slowly. But when the people of the county came to a full realization of the situation, they were not so slow to act. They were true sons and descendants of the heroes of "the times that tried men's souls." To every call of either men or money there was a willing and ready response and it was the boast of this people that had the supply of men run short, there were women brave enough, daring enough and patriotic enough, to have offered themselves as sacrifices on their country's altar.
It was at once the fear of many that a raid might be the first thing
with which to contend from the near-by and neighboring state of Missouri.
At once, on the first news from Fort Sumter and after the President's
call for troops, a meeting was held in Clarinda on the 4th of May,
1861. Dr. A. H. East was called to the chair and
chosen secretary. After transacting some preliminary business the meeting adjourned
to meet the following Tuesday, when a company was formed and officers
On the 4th of May 1861, a meeting was also held at Amity.
George McCullough was called to the chair and W. R. McLaughlin
acted as secretary. On a call being made for persons to join the company, thirty-nine
men gave their names. At this meeting the following preamble and resolution was adopted:
A meeting of the citizens of Harlan township
was held at the Olive
Branch schoolhouse on Saturday, April 11, 1861, and a company of forty-
one men was organized.
The citizens of Amity and Buchanan townships
held a war meeting at Braddyville on the 8th of May, 1861, at which time a
company was organized, officered as follows:
These companies were all organized for home protection, and none too
soon, as the following, taken from the files of the Page County Herald, of
May 24, 1861, will attest:
See: [1st NE, Inf., Co. F]
Mrs. N. B. Moore in presenting the flag to the company made the following remarks:
Captain Thomas M. Bowen, on the part of the company, received the flag with the
At the conclusion of his remarks three hearty cheers were given for volunteers, when they formed in line and marched around the public square, halting opposite the Delevan House. At this place most of the crowd sought the opportunity of bidding a kind adieu, when those emotions which emanate from the bravest hearts began to manifest themselves. Most of the volunteers being young men, it was probably the severest trial of their lives to bid farewell to their friends arid go forth to meet a traitor foe, but hard as it was no one seemed for a moment to hesitate between the pleasures of home and friends and their duty to their country. All hearts were moved, at their departure and scarcely one but was moved with feelings of both pleasure and pain; pleasure that among the thousands of gallant freemen who had tendered the governor of Iowa their services and sought anxiously for position in the army of the nation, those from Page county were the most favored; and pained to think so many genial spirits were compelled to depart, some never to return. Eight teams had been kindly offered to take them to Omaha, the company having decided to enter a Nebraska regiment, so at the start they were not put to as severe a trial as ordinarily fails to a soldier's lot.
See: [1st NE, Inf., Co. F]
See: [1st NE, Inf., Co. I]
The regiment to which these companions were attached, the First Nebraska Infantry, was ordered south about the middle, of August, 1861, and after participating in Fremont's Missouri campaign, were ordered farther south and took part in the battle of Fort Donelson, that being their first lively engagement. These companies also participated in the battles of Shiloh and Corinth, and in both engagements acquitted themselves in such a manner as to call forth plaudits, thus winning the admiration of all. In November, 1863, after the regiment veteranized, it was changed to the First Nebraska Cavalry, in which position it served during the remainder of the war.
See: [4th IA, Inf., Co. K]
In the latter part of August, 1861, a company was recruited for the Fourth Iowa Infantry. Joseph Cramer was Captain. On January 22, 1862, the Fourth joined the army of the southwest under General Curtis, and for thirty months thereafter was in continuous active service. It never fell to its lot to do post duty. It took an active part at Pea Ridge, where General Curtis declared it "won immortal honors." At this battle Second Lieutenant James T. Chittenden, of Company K, the company recruited from Page county, was mortally wounded in the breast and died from the effects of the same in the hospital at Cassville, Missouri, about the first of May, 1863. The record of this regiment in its march against Price to Springfield and to Ozark Mountains, to Batesville and across Arkansas to Helena, thence to Chickasaw Bayou and up the Arkansas river to Arkansas Post, from Milliken's Bend around through Grand Gulf and Jackson to the rear of Vicksburg, to Memphis, thence across the country to Chattanooga and with Sherman against Atlanta, is one of the achievements unsurpassed for brilliancy and bravery. It was engaged on more than thirty battlefields, met the enemy in eight different rebel states and was never repulsed. It fought at Pea Ridge, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post, Jackson, Vicksburg, Cherokee Station, Caney Creek, Tuscumbia, Chattanooga, Lookout Moun- tain, Mission Ridge, Ringgold, Columbus, Goldsboro, Atlanta, Resaca and Kenesaw Mountain. It was present at the Grand Review at Washington, thence going to Louisville, where it did provost guard duty until July 25, 1865, when it came to Davenport and was mustered out September 3rd.
See: [25th MO, Inf., Co. K]
[Other records show this to be a "Infantry" Company, NOT a "Cavalry" ..prs]
See: [5th IA, Cav., Co. C]
See: [23rd IA, Inf., Co. F]
See: [8th IA, Cav., Co. A]
See: [29th IA, Inf., Co. F]
Seventeenth Iowa Infantry [No Record Found!...prs] and
<--- Source: History of Page Co., Iowa - 1909 Vol. I & II
|These records are dedicated to one of my best friends, my Uncle: <--- George K. ANNAN, 1915-1996, age 81yrs I Compiled and self Published some various Towns & Townships Maps records in Jun. 28, 1986. Uncle George, would tutor me for hours, on the struture of Townships, we would visit various historical sites in Page County and he would explain to me a lot of his first had experiance. Uncle George, grew up in rual area of Yorktown, Page Co., Iowa. He was a large land owner, and Farmer, and was Commissioner on the Page County Soil Conservation District for over 30 years; Director of the Iowa Association of Soil Conservation District Commissioners; Served on the State Soil Conservation Committee; Member of the Lions Club of Clarinda, Iowa; Was a 4-H leader for many years; Helped organize the Lincoln Leaders Boys 4-H Club. Received many awards as a commissioner, Outstanding Commissioner for Region VII in 1960; Watershed Achievement Award in 1979; Emmett ZOLLARS Award in 1974; Page Co., Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. Award in 1976; just to name a few. ....by Paul R. Sarrett, Jr.|