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                                      ANDREW T. STILL
                                    Cook County, Illinois


Information contributed for use in Cook County ILGenWeb by
        Sherri Hessick, added May 2001.

Source: Album of Genealogy and Biography, Cook County,
Illinois with Portraits 3rd ed. revised and extended
(Chicago: Calumet Book & Engraving Co., 1895), pp. 59-60

ANDREW T. STILL, M. D., founder of the American School of
Osteopathy, was born on the 6th of August, 1828, in Lee
County, Virginia.  He is the third son of Dr. Abraham Still,
of whom extended mention occurs elsewhere in this volume.
He accompanied his parents in their removal to Tennessee and
Missouri, and his experiences and opportunities for
education were similar to those of boys of that period in
those regions.

He took up the study of medicine with his father, and became
his partner in practice in 1852, in Douglas County, Kansas.
Subsequently he became an independent practitioner.  Being
much with the Shawnee Indians in those early days, he
acquired a knowledge of their language, which he still
speaks readily.  He shared his fatherís dislike of slavery,
which he stoutly opposed, and was an active member of the
Free-Soil party of Kansas.  He was associated with John
Brown and Col. Jim Lane in their free-state operations, and
after the outbreak of the Civil War was Surgeon of the Ninth
Kansas Volunteers.  He was also with General Fremontís
command in its operations in Missouri.  His efforts were not
entirely confined to the practice of medicine while a
resident of Kansas, but, being a forcible speaker and
advocate of anti-slavery doctrines, he was elected in 1857 a
Member of the Legislature of the territory, and his voice
and action were largely instrumental in securing to its
people the free and beneficent system of government which
now obtains in its confines.  While in Kansas Dr. Still was
located at Baldwin City and Lawrence.

In 1874 he removed to Kirksville, Missouri, and retired from
the active practice of medicine for a period of ten years.
He spent this time in the study of anatomy and in the
development of the new theory of medicine which he
originated, and which has received the name of osteopathy,
having for its object the keeping and maintenance of a
complete circuit of the forces of the motor, sensory and
sympathetic nerves; or, as it is more fully stated, the
object of osteopathy is the freedom of flow of all electric
or other fluids or substances pertaining to life.  Perfect
circulation is perfect health.  Little by little his studies
developed this great science, which has attracted the
attention of many of the leaders in medical experimentation
and thought.  Like every discovery, it has encountered much
and bitter opposition, but its cures of cases given up as
hopeless by other schools have demonstrated its soundness
and right to a position among modern schools of medicine.
In October, 1892, Dr. Still organized a medical school at
Kirksville, Missouri, under charter from the state,
requiring two years of study to complete the course taught.
Seventeen students were graduated in 1894, and in the
following year fifteen other persons received the degree of
O. P. from this institution.  In connection with the college
a hospital is maintained, in which 1,500 patients have been
treated during the present year.  In 1895 a branch institute
was established at Evanston, Illinois, in charge of Dr.
James M. Still, whose biography appears in this work.  He is
assisted by Dr. Harry M. Still, the first graduate in
osteopathy, and Dr. Nettie M. Bolles, the latter of Olathe,
Kansas, a graduate of the 1894 class of the Kirksville
School of Osteopathy, in which she taught anatomy.  The
erection of a large building at Evanston for sanitarium is
in contemplation to accommodate the numerous patients,
numbers of whom are now from the best families of Evanston.
Dr. Still married Miss Margaret Vaughn, of Macon County,
Missouri, in 1848. Five children were born of this marriage,
of whom only one, Marusha, now the wife of John Cowgill, of
Ottawa, Kansas, survives.  Mrs Still died in 1860.  By a
second marriage Dr. Still was united with Mary E. Turner, a
native of Ithaca, New York.  Of  this union six children
were born, and four of them are now living, namely: Charles
E., a physician, now in charge of an institute of osteopathy
in Minneapolis; Herman T. and Harry M., twin brothers, the
former with his father in Kirksville, and the latter
associated with his uncle in the sanitarium at Evanston, and
for years the associate of his father in the early years of
the history of osteopathy; Blanche, the youngest, residing
with her parents.  Fred, a young man of unusually bright
mind, died in 1894, at the age of twenty-one, when about
entering upon what promised to be a very successful career
as a physician.

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