Federal Pensioners on the Roll as of January 1, 1883
On December 8, 1882, the U.S. Congress called for a senate resolution that directed the Pension Office to prepare a listing of individuals receiving pensions for war service. The Pension Office produced a list called Pensioners on the Roll as of January 1, 1883. The pensioners were primarily Union veterans from the Civil War and survivors of the War of 1812, but also included other service as well. Confederate veterans were not eligible for federal pensions from Civil War service.
Pensioners on the list at the time included not only the veterans themselves but other family members such as widows, mothers, minor children., etc., based on service. The list gave the name of each pensioner, the cause for which pensioned, the post-office address of the recipient, the rate of pension per month and the date of original allowance.
If your ancestor served in the Civil War, there is most likely a record of their service at the National Archives. If they, or a member of their family, received a pension there may be valuable genealogical information included in the records. To obtain the records you must apply to the National Archives on the proper forms.