Mt. Zion Church History
MT. ZION CHURCH
Submitted By: Abby Newell
We wish to dedicate this book to the memory of Miss Viola Wilson and
other saints of God who have gone on before and to Kenneth E. Price, whose idea
The Lord willing, we are going to record
a short history of Mt. Zion Church.
Our written records only go back to the year of 1906 and before that some of this
will be hearsay and related to us by some of the older folks still living. During
the months that we have been gathering information, three of these older folks have
passed on. This means we are fast losing information and we wish someone would have started
this history fifty years ago and our prayers are that in the future someone will add to this attempt.
Material gathered and written for publication, April 1966, by Mrs. Vivian Wilson and Mrs. Arvena Braswell.
ORIGINAL LAND GRANT
State of Illinois, Jefferson County
This deed made and entered into this the 6th day of February, 1854, between Samuel K. Allen and
Juliann T. Allen, his wife, as parties of the first part and Jacob Freeman, Rueben Wheeles, Samuel K. Allen,
Abram Severs, Uriah Wheeles, Richard G. Eubanks and Amlinas N. Smith, Trustees of the Mt. Zion Society of the
Methodist Episcopal Church of the first part for and in consideration of the sum of fifty dollars to them in
hand the receipt is hereby acknowledged do hereby grant, bargain, sell and convey and confirm unto the said
parties of the second part and to their securities in office forever a certain lot or parcel of land situate
in the county of Jefferson, and State of Illinois bounded as follows to unit commencing eleven rods North of
the Southwest corner of the northwest fourth of northwest fourth of section No. five, Township 3, South Range
one east and running thence east twenty rods thence North thirty four rods thence west 24 rods thence south
thirty four rods to the place of beginning, containing five acres more or less to have and to hold together
with all and singular the appurtenances thereof for the use and purposes hereinafter stated unto the said parties
of the second part and their successors in office forever and the said parties of the first part do hereby covenant
to and with the said parties of the second part, that they will forever warrant and defend the title to said lot or
parcel of land against all lawful claims whatsoever, the said lot or parcel of land is to be held for the use of
the members of the Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated by the man aforesaid with all the buildings
or appurtenances which may be placed thereon, to be used and occupied as is nor agreed on and declared by the members
of said Society to constitute a part of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States and be subject to the use
and government of said Church in accordance with the discipline thereof and the government and declaration above
specified in witness whereof the aforesaid Grantors as parties of the first part have hereunto set their hands and
seals this day and year first above written.
Presence of Napoleon Bolling
Samuel K. Allen (seal)
Juliann T. Allen (seal)
State of Illinois, Jefferson County
I, Napoleon Bolling, a Justice of the Peace in said county do certify that Samuel K. Allen and Juliann T. Allen,
his wife, whose signature appears to the foregoing deed as grantors thereof are personally known to me to be the same
persons who subscribed and executed the Same did acknowledge the same to be their free act and deed for the uses and
purposes therein named and the said Juliann T. Allen being by me made acquainted with the contents of said deed and
examined separate and apart from her said husband did acknowledge that she had executed the same and relinquished
her right of Dower to thesaid premises therein conveyed freely and voluntarily ad without compulsion of her said
husband. Given under my hand and seal this the 6th day of February A.D. 1854.
Filed for record March 2nd, 1854
Napoleon Bolling (JP)
T. B. Tanner, Clerk
We began this history with the first deed recorded at the Mt. Vernon Courthouse
and is copied word for word from the deed record book “F” page 572.
Little is known now about Samuel (King) K. Allen
and his family except that
he was a wealthy landowner and the fifty dollar
consideration to make the deed legal
was not actually paid but was donated to the
first church.This first church was
Methodist, incorporated and covenanted to forever
warrant and defend the
title to the parcel of land against all lawful
claims. It is believed that
prior to 1854 on this same spot, brush arbor
meetings were held and the
road in front of the church was the main road
from Ashley to Mt. Vernon called old “state”
road and this followed the old Indian Trail.
Indians passing through on this
same trail made their campsitesby the creek and
tethered their horses on the hills
nearthe church site. Old Folks have handed
this story down through the years.
Sometime after the establishment of the
first church, Baptist families moved into the
community and the Methodists graciously allowed
them to worship here on the Sundays
that they didn’t have services. It came
to pass that Baptist members increased and
Methodist membership decreased until prior to
1906 the Methodists decided to deed half
interest to the Baptists.Following is that grant
in full as is found also recorded in
courthouse at Mt. Vernon, record book 68,page
The Grantors, Edward Brady, James A. Wilson,
Dean Durham, William A. Walker,
trustees of the Mt. Zion Society of the Methodist
in the County of Jefferson in the State of Illinois
for in the consideration
of one dollar in hand paid convey and warrants
the undivided half interest to
James A. Riddle, Nicholas Martel, James A. Wilson,
trustees of the
Mt. Zion Free Baptists and their successors in
office in County of Jefferson, State
of Illinois the following real estate to wit:
The part of the N.W. part,
Section 5, town 3 South, range1 East of the 3rd
principal meridian, commencing 11
rods north of the S.W. corner of the N.W. corner
NW1/4 of the NW1/4 Section 3,
range 1 east of the 3rd principal meridian thence
east 7 rods, north 19 rods
to the place of beginning containing 133 square
rods, the above parcel of land is
conveyed in trust for the purpose of rebuilding
the churchon said grounds
situated in the county of Jefferson in the State
of Illinois hereby releasing
and waiving all rights under and by virtue of
the homestead laws of this state.
It is hereby distinctly agreed and understood
that the church now standing on said
premises shall be rebuilt of the date one year
from the date hereof, otherwise
the conveyance to be void; dated the 5th day
of November AD 1906.
The church was finished in April 1907).
Signers: Edward Brady, Dean Durham,
James A. Wilson and William A. Walker
DEDICATION OF THE NEW CHURCH
The trustees of the Methodist and
the Free Baptist Union Church at Mt. Zion met recently
and organized as follows: William Walker, president,
Jas A. Wilson, treasurer,
and Nicholas Martel, secretary. The trustees
assumed the debt on the church and
discharged the building committee and setting
the hour for the dedication.
The Secretary read the presentation of the church
to the public, which was
as follows: “We present unto you this building
to be dedicated as a union church
between the Methodist and Free Baptists for the
service and worship of the
The church was dedicated at 3:00 p.m.
on Sunday, June 7, 1907, in the presence
of a large congregation. Reverend Herrin,
Methodist, and the Reverends
Fox and Carter, Free Baptist, performed the dedicatory
A collection was taken which amounted to more
than enough to pay the debt
on the church. The surplus will be used
for church expenses.
THE CHURCH BUILDINGS
It is not known how soon after 1854, that
the first building was erected, but older
folks told us from memory that it was a log building
and was only in use a few years
when it was destroyed by fire. The nest
building which stood until 1906 was nearly
as large as our present building and had two
doors in the front(south end), one on
either side and one lady, Mrs. Alta Riddle, can
remember how it was the custom for
all ladies to enter the church through the right
or east door and all gentlemen enter
through the left or west door and be seated in
pews in the same manner. Young people
usually sat in the center row of pews.
Mr. Rutherford Shurtz can remember how in the
last few years the roof had to be further supported
by two stay rods because it was
definitely sagging, also there were two chimneys,
one on either side.
Sometime before 1906, it became evident
that a new church was needed and Methodists
and Baptists worked together on the project starting
with the deed of November 1906
of this article. You’ll notice in the deed
that a new church was to be built or rebuilt
within the year. Here we can begin to give
you actual notations from the first
and oldest record book the church has today.
If there were older record books, they
have been lost somehow. This particular
record book is a brown back notebook yellow
with age and on the front is printed these words:
“Property of Mt. Zion Society of Christian Endeavor”.
Officers; Pres. J.A. Wilson, Vice Pres. Arthur
Smith, Rec. Sec. Wm. Green, Cor. F.A. Smith,
Jr., Treas. Enoch Riddle. Inside on the
first page are listed these committees; Lookout -
Grace Smith, Enoch Riddle, Omar Riddle, Prayer
Meeting - F. A. Smith, Jr, F. E. Tucker;
Social - N. Martel, at Mt. Zion Church Sunday,
April the 1st, 1906. Church in very bad order,
No Sunday School, Preaching or Prayer meeting
being held. Too Bad! Too Bad! Bad results
will follow. Wake up! Wake up! To the sense
of your duty one and all! Then another page
has this building committee; G. W. Lewis, W.
B. Elliston, Manford Green, James Wilson,
Edward Brady, dated October 6, 1906, and thus
started the plans for the new building.
Following pages record donations turned in by
several workers and they list well known
names from Ashley, Woodlawn, Waltonville and
Mt. Vernon as donors. The first bill paid
and recorded was for lumber December 6, 1906.
The first carpenter bill was paid on
December 19, 1906 to John Rutkowske who seemed
to be head carpenter; but there were
others who were paid for carpenter work too.
The last bill paid was sixty dollars to
Frank Roach for painting the church. Now
the new church was finished on time. It is our
present building and has not changed in outward
appearance except that the two side chimneys
have disappeared for one large one at the north
end and a full basement was made underneath.
Also an outside basement entrance and an east
door and concrete porch have been added in the
last few years. We are told that while
the church was being constructed a large bell was
order and delivered in the churchyard.
It was great fun for the young folks to go for
a Sunday afternoon walk that inevitably led by
the church to see and tap the large bell.
This bell has tolled the age of several saints
of Mt. Zion as they were carried
from their homes to their final resting place
in the adjoining cemetery.
When the basement was constructed in 1955, workmen
noticed that there is a large
hand-hewn timber full length of the church and
it was a shame to
hide it with the new basement ceiling.
THE CHURCH CEMETERY
We wish we could furnish a good map here
of the churchyard and cemetery. In
the original grant it is described as five acres,
more or less.
The north boundary is several yards north of
the creek but after a few years,
it was decided that since the creek bottom was
not suitable for grave
sites, that the church would allow the adjoining
landowner to build his pasture
fence south of the creek and thereby keep down
brush and weeds. Some of the
oldest graves are situated in the north end of
the cemetery. We are told that the first
person buried there was a Mrs. Patterson, grandmother
of Elisabeth Hunter and
great-grandmother of Logan Carter. The
grave is in the center of the north side
and is marked by a cedar tree at the head.
This method of marking graves was
common and those more fortunate used granite
slabs two or three inches thick, eighteen
inches wide, and three or four feet high stuck
down into the soil a foot or more like
a fence post. Years of freezing and thawing,
wind and rain loosened them and when
stray cattle grazed and men volunteered with
hand scythes and horse
drawn mowers to clean, stones toppled and broke.
Now, we are sorry to say you will
find some of these stones with the chiseled dates
and names neatly piled around a
large cedar tree because no one know where they
belong. A story handed down tells
how when the cemetery was new, a group of people
traveling westward to establish a
Catholic mission camped nearby because some of
their members became ill with something
like smallpox. When two nuns died, the
priest asked permission to bury them here
(supposedly in the northeast corner) and the
rest then went of their way.
By 1952 the cemetery was so filled, that
an adjoining landowner on the east side,
Fred Schlueter, deeded additional land to the
cemetery. This already has several graves
in it. Our cemetery is taken care of by
a board of three directors and a secretary-treasurer.
A power mower is maintained and someone hired
to mow it four or more times a year.
Each spring notices are sent to all relatives
to remind them that donations are needed
for the upkeep and care. Even the fence
around it comes to quite a bit.
Each years it gets harder and costlier to take
care of the cemetery but so far the Lord has
We would like to take you on a tour through
the cemetery and list the names as we walk;
Lacey, Creel, McCulli, Land, Carter, Lawhorn,
Nadolski, Vincenz, Hunter, Riddle, Elliston,
Lee, Jones, McNail, Bullock, Martel, Wilson,
Panzier, Holcomb, Quinn, Smith, Curtis, Offill,
Stephenson, Severs, Morrow, Childers, Stearns,
Green, Shurtz, Clark, Woodworth, Lewis,
Hogshead, Gilbert, Howe, Knox, Shaffer, Fairchild,
Oliver, Braswell, Berry, Gray,
Reed, Baldridge, Herrin, Milam, Ferguson, and
Diedrich, the newest one.
Many graves were never permanently marked and
one of those lots belong
to a well respected Negro family by the name
of Brock. They lived in the neighborhood
and attended church here. Most of the people
buried here were
members of the Mt. Zion community. Many
are related to one another and have lived most
of their lives in this community and have attended
the Mt. Zion church.
The present cemetery Association directors
are George McNail, president, Earl Riddle and
Edward Braswell.Arvena Braswell is secretary-treasurer.
We want to give recognition to Mr. Fred
Schlueter and thank him and is wife for the
faithful service to this cause. Mr. &
Mrs. Schlueter, twice donated land
and Mr. Schlueter served as president until 1964.
Mrs. Schlueter also served as
secretary-treasurer. Our thanks to past
secretaries and directors, also.
We are looking forward to writing about
ourancestors and the part they took in the
early churchof Mt. Zion but soon learned that
we had more information
than we could put into writing. We will
mention why some of these families came here
to settle, praying that no one will feel slighted
if their family name
is not mentioned. The Jones and the Schurtzed
came over from Ohio to homestead better
land and to bring their children up good Methodists.
These children married into families
Lewis, Brady, and Carter. The Riddles and
the Wilsons came up from Tennessee in
Civil War time because they did not believe in
slavery and wanted to fight along with
the north. Their children married into
families by the names;
Martel, Braswell, McNail and Green. Other
family names that have been in the Mt. Zion
neighborhood a long, long time are Creel, Johnson,
This short history was written to commemorate
the establishment of Mt. Zion church
one hundred and twelve years ago. We didn’t
write these words to give any man or men
glory but to give God the Glory. Read Cor.
The church doors are open every Sunday
at 9:30 AM. Come worship with us. Our pastor is
Kenneth E. Price. Church officers are as
follows: Deacons, Fred Schultz and George McNail.
Deaconess, Mae Schlueter. Trustees, George
McNail, Fred Schultz and Edward Braswell.
Church Clerk, Arvena Braswell. Treasurer,
Sunday School Superintendent, Edward Braswell.
Teachers, Dollie Wilson, Mae McNail and Arvena
ITEM FROM SCRAPBOOK
In our search for material we visited
homes of older members of Mt. Zion and one home was
that of Mr. & Mrs. Fred Schlueter and her
sister, Edna Riddle, of Nashville, Illinois.
In this home we found scrapbooks filled with
clippings carefully kept by these two ladies
and started by their mother, Mrs. Lily (Brady)
Riddle. We would like to pass a few on to
you here and you can see how they are related
to events previously mentioned:
Item 1: Taken from the Ashley Gazette;
The trustees of the Methodist and Free Baptist
Union church at Mt. Zion met recently and organized
as follows: William Walker, president,
James A. Wilson, treas, N. Martel, secretary.
The trustees assumed the debt on the church
and discharged the building committee, setting
the hour for dedication. The secretary
read the presentation of the church to the public,
which was as follows: “We present unto
you this building, to be dedicated as a union
church between the Methodist and Free Baptists
for the service and worship of Almighty God.”
The church was dedicated at 3:00 p.m. on
Sunday, June 2, 1907, in the presence of a large
congregation. Rev. Herrin, Methodist
and Revs. Fox & Carter, Free Baptists, performed
the dedicatory ceremonies. A collection
was taken up, which amounted to more than enough
to pay the debt on the church. The surplus
used for church expenses.
Item 2: Taken from the Ashley Gazette:
Mrs. Lily M. Johnson and children, Rev. &
Mrs. E. B. Schupp and Mrs. Maggie Hunter, all
of St. Louis, attended the dedication
of Mt. Zion Church Sunday. The rafters
on the new church were all cut from timber taken
from the same forty acres of land from which
the timber for the old building were taken
forty-two years ago. (Footnote: This
item bears out the fact that there could have been
an early church of logs, because forty-two subtracted
from 1907 would leave 1865 which
is eleven years later than first land grant of
Item 3: Taken from Ashley Gazette:
The marriage of Edward Schupp and Miss
Martha Hunter occurred in Mt. Zion church Sunday,
12, 1898. Miss Beulah Smith
was bridesmaid and Frank A. Smith was groomsman.
Rev. E. E. Evans performed the ceremony.
The correspondent said that this was the first
wedding that had taken place in the Mt. Zion
church for over thirty years. Only three
weddings had been performed there. The others
were the marriages of Caleb Gray to Miss Tempa
Atkins and Joseph Wheeles to Miss Sarah Lane.
Item 4: Taken from personal records
of Mrs. Edna Riddle; Methodist minister
Rev. J. C. Kinison and Baptist minister Rev.
Riley Fox held a revival the last week
of 1900 and the first week of 1901. A number
of persons were converted at this revival,
four of whom were, Alta Martel (Riddle), Edna
Johnson (Riddle), Myrtle Neiderhofer
(Johnson), and Inez Gilbert (Martin). Those
that joined the Methodist were
sprinkled at that time but the Baptists waited
later in the spring when the weather
was warmer to be baptized.
Mt. Zion has a long
list of Pastors since 1906. Here are the names of most of them.
Rev. Matthew Fox … 1906 - 1909
Rev. Robert Smith…
1909 - 1914
Rev. George Brannum 1914 -
Rev. L. C. Chase…
Rev. Frank Chapman… 1915 - 1924
Rev. Guy Chapman… 1924 - 1928
Rev. Philip Wheatly… 1928 -
Rev. Frank Chapman… 1930 -
Rev. A. E. Buntin…
1931 - 1932
Rev. M. L. Baker…
1932 - 1933
Rev. Guy Chapman… 1933 - 1934
Rev. M. L. Baker…
1934 - 1937
Rev. Philip Wheatly… 1937 -
1938 - 1945
Rev. L. D. Gibson…
1945 - 1948
Rev. Philip Wheatly… 1948 -
Rev. Louis Hanna…
1952 - 1954
Rev. Loren Ramsey… 1954 - 1956
Rev. Glendall Davis… 1956 -
Rev. Elmer Harris…
1959 - 1962
Rev. Charles Cralley… 1962 - 1963
Rev. Elmer Harris… 1963
Rev. Kenneth E. Price… 1964 - Present
The following was hand written in:
Rev. Loren Ramsey… Aug.
1966 - Aug. 1969
Rev. James Hicks…
Aug. 1969 - Feb. 1970
Rev. Raymond Capps… Feb. 1970
- Sept. 1970
Rev. Arthur Kern…
Sept. 1970 - June 1982
Rev. Louie Hanna…
June 1982 -
This distinguished list of
captains of the Lord’s army marched through sixty
years and there might have been more had it not been for the seven
dark years from
1938 to 1945, when the church had no pastor at all. During this
period there was Sunday
school part time and visiting ministers. We can recall that this
was after the great depression
and money was still scarce, although Rev. Philip Wheatly still came
one Sunday a month
until 1938. When he left, he promised to remember the church
in prayer always and then
years later he returned to pastor the church, which was struggling
to its feet and to, grow
again. Through the years Mt. Zion had many ice-cream suppers
to help pay the pastors and
for the upkeep of the church. But after the objections of several
members they discontinued
the suppers and depended upon tithes and offerings alone to support
the church. Even
though everything was donated, the ice-cream suppers were more social
events than profitable
ones. In the above list you will notice some blank spaces showing
that the pastor did not
finish the year out or died while serving, as was the case with Rev.
It is here we wish to give tribute to Miss Viola Wilson, for
her untiring efforts
in restoring the church to good running order. She served nearly
every office in the church
besides holding three or more at one time in order to help build a
It was she who contacted all the members and asked them to return to
the church. You might
say she gave all of herself to the Lord and to the rebuilding of Mt.
Zion church. When the
congregation had been built up again, we lost her to Leukemia.
Not only her family, but the
whole neighborhood mourned her passing. We had truly lost someone,
much loved by our church.
She was a wonderful Christian woman and an inspiration to many.
She wouldn’t like this,
she would say “Give God the Glory,” and we do, for someone as dedicated
to the service of the
Master as she was.
Mt. Zion was a charter member of the Lebanon Quarterly meeting
and he first meeting was held
at the Elkhorn church February 11, 1897. At the time Rev. R.
Fox was pastor of the church.
For several years they were a part of the Judson Association but during
the time the church had no
pastor they let their dues lapse and hence-forth have never rejoined
any association, but are
still members of the Lebanon quarterly meeting. Some churches
have come and gone but Mt. Zion,
White Swan, and Tamaroa are still functioning Churches in the Lebanon
Quarterly meeting today.
It convenes the last Friday and all day Saturday in any month that
has five Sundays, which occurs
about every three months.
Mt. Zion and other church agreed as Free Baptist to unite with
the Northern Baptist, now
known as the American Baptists May 8, 1914.