MATHEWS, Cyrus W., who is the owner of a very fine farm in the vicinity of Jacksonville, Morgan County, Ill., of which city he is a prominent resident, was born on his father's farm seven miles east and one mile north of Jacksonville, on September 1, 1834. In boyhood he attended the district school of his neighborhood, and was subsequently a student in Illinois College. He remained on the home farm until September 16, 1862, when he enlisted in Company G, First Regiment Missouri Volunteer Cavalry, being attached to Gen. Fremont's command. Later he served under Gen. Hunter and Gen. Curtis. The regiment was dispatched by boat to intercept Gen. Price at Jefferson City and Mr. Mathews participated in the battles of Springfield, Sugar Creek and Pea Ridge. In August, 1863, his regiment was engaged in the battle of Cold Harbor, where Mr. Mathews had a horse shot under him, and his right knee was injured. He was then promoted to be Orderly Sergeant, and on many occasions was in command of his company. He was mustered out of the service at St. Louis in August, 1864. After the war, he returned home and had charge of the farm until February, 1866. His present place consists of 200 acres, on which he is engaged in general farming and stock-raising; and he also owns an interest in the paternal homestead.
On February 7, 1866, Mr. Mathews was united in marriage with Mary J. Welbourn, a native of Morgan County. Two children resulted from this union, namely: Alice F., who was a student in the Presbyterian Academy; and Edgar, who lives on the home farm. Soon after his marriage Mr. Mathews moved to his farm, which he cultivated until 1875.
In politics, Mr. Mathews is an earnest and influential Republican, and in 1875 was a candidate for the office of County Commissioner, and in 1876 for that of Sheriff. He was appointed Postmaster of Jacksonville by President Harrison, and served four years and two months. For ten years he held the office of Township Treasurer; had been Chairman of his precinct, and, upon several occasions, Chairman of the Republican County Committee, serving in the latter capacity during the Yates gubernatorial campaign. Fraternally, he is affiliated with the A. F. & A. M. and the G. A. R., of Jacksonville. Mr. Mathews has been a very successful farmer, and is now one of the most prominent citizens of the community in which he lives.