Civil War Letters
Jan. 5th 1862
I received your interesting letter
of the 26th which gave me much
pleasure and to which I hasten to reply.
I am still enjoying good
health and content of mind. The monotomy
of Camp like affords so
little new and interesting to write
about that my present reason for
writing is to keep up corispondeence
with my friends at home. Our
condition is unchanged except that
we have prepared our bunks for
cold weather but our precaution seems
as yet to be in vain for the
weather has been very pleasent all
fall and so far of the winter.
Yesterday we had a little snow and
today and yesterday were the
coldest days we have had this principle
wood for cooking
purpesis, repairing our bunks and ocasionaly
division drill which
consists in sham battles with blank
cartridges, It is generly thought
that we are to do nothing this
winter but guard the Capital unless
we are attacted. I am still Cooking
for the company. Tomorrow we
are to be paid off and I will send
you some money eather by Mr Payton
or other wise. If I send it by Mr
Payton, you can get it at George's
but I will write before I send it and
let you now where to find it.
When you write again let me know how
Wade is of for cloths and what
prograss he is making at school, if
he needs any cloaths before
you receive money. but them for him
and I will make it all wright,
let me know if you received the picture
I sent to Wade and if not
I will send you one as soon as I get
to town. The news that you
were going to marry Mrs. Swaggard came
in a letter from Miss Vine's
uncle to Wm. Murry.
Catharine, I think that the boys who
feed you so
much candy as to make you sick(as Dans
letter stated) had better
be here fighting for there Country.
You seem to tant me very mutch
pleasure as you had when you were eating
your turky. For while you
were eating your turky, Andy Knapp
and I went over to Blankards and
got a half gallon of tangle toe and
we felt as independent as a hog
on ice. Alic says that he felt for
the turky but could not reach them.
Wes is as sober as a judge tonight
and says he would rather have turky
than tangle toe. spase forses me to
close, so good by for the present.
Camp Craig, Va.
Co. K 19th Ind.
January the 12th 1862
Much respected Father,
Agreable to my former promis, I take
this oportunity of writing
you a few lines. concerning our health
condition and prospects and
also of the money which I spoke of
in my last letter. Health is
generly good here and the Blountsville
Boys are all well and livly
Last night many of our company were
made glad by the arrival of E.
Davis, James Orr, E. and B. Hackman
and E Ashcraft, who brought many
useful presents to the boys. The wives
of Cap. Williams and
Lieutenant Harper came as far as the
city but have not arrived here
yet. Mr. Orr thinks he will remain
here some time. It is the
current report here that we are to
advance on Centerville within ten
days but I think uncertain. The weather
since my last letter has
been wet and drisley and the ground
very muddy but today the sky is
clear and the mud is fast disapearing.
Last Friday, Wes and I were
at town and had our pictures taken.
you will find one inclosed in
this which (if you have Wade at home),
I want you to send to Dan.
Last Thursday, I sent $10 to you by
Mr Payton, you will find it at
Georges. I want you to provide Wade
with comfortable cloths if he
has not already got them and the balance
you can use as you please.
I have nothing more of interest to
write and will close by sending
my respects to all inquiring friends
and to the Ladies. Be sure
and write soon so good by.
To the Folks at home
P. S. Tell E. House that I will write
him a letter soon. I would so
do now but I am on guard and have not
Fort Craig, Vir.
January the 12th 1862
This another evening to write you a
few lines to let you know
am still alive and a most the living
and am well at this time.
I was thinking of sending you a present.
It contains of a breast
pin and a pair of ear fobs. We got
some candy, sent by Wulradt and
it makes us wish that we would like
to be back once more.
John is setting by liking his candy
and is saying sweet Marian
and I am saving mine for I dont git
them every day. tell Marry More
that I would like to see her once more
runing from door to door.
Tell Mary E. Hawk and Dan's gales to
rite to me and that I hant
forgotten them yet. I think of everyday
and tell Father that when he
rites to let me know how Uncle Washington
is getting along with his
afairs this winter.
Tell Licinda, that I was to town last
Friday and Bill was kicking
a round as well as common. Tell the
girls that ant married that they
had better wait until we soldiers git
back and then they might mary
some boy that is some body and while
you are telling them, gust wait
till A W G comes home a gain. Now this
guelry is the finest of
gold and you must take the best of
care of them and take good care
of Wade till I come home and write
often as you can and be a good
girl and that is all I ask of you.
Tell the boys that A W G is going
to gurk some of them ball
headed the first thing they now. I
am going to quit writing for I
dont now of any thing new to write
now so I will quit for this time.
you must write soon as you get this.
so no more at present, your
send this to Cathrine Hawk
NOTE A W G is Allen
Wesley Galyean... although this letter
is signed John Hawk. the style and
humor belong to Allen Wesley Galyean
Who probably wrote the letter and signed
Fort Craig, Va.
Feb. 7th 1862
I received your interesting letter
of the 20th and shall drop a few
lines in answer to it. The health of
the Regt is better now than at
any time since we left Camp Morton
and except a few cases of small pox
the only complaints is bad coald acasioned
by wilful exposure. Our
Company are all in Camp and well excep
four. Our condition and ocupation
are the same as last heard from us.
The weather is still damp
and rainy and the roads so bad as to
render it impossible to transport
heavy artillery or baggago, so that
there is no danger of us advancing
soon. yesterday, we shot two rounds
at a mark and an exact record
of each shot was cept for (it was thought)
the purposes of selecting
sharp shooting to go in advance of
the main body of the army to notify
them of the attact or position of the
enemy and to prevent surprise
Our company done by far the best shooting
but we are to try it again
tomorrow and there is no telling who
will succeed yet. I received
letter from Wes Turner and Mary Hawk
and was glad to hear from them
and to know that they thought enough
of me to write. Tell Father
that I want him to write me a letter
and let me know all about how
he is getting along and how many axe
handles he has made this winter
and so forth. We are expecting to start
for Bulls Run as soon as the
roads dry up for we have received new
tomyhawks and intend to cut our
way right through to Richmond. We the
Brave Boys of the 19th never
intend to return home until the stars
and stripes shall wave over
the Birthplace of Washington, Jackson,
Sumptor and Calhoun and ther
mild sway shall be enjoyed through
the whole South.
Tomorrow morning we go about ten miles
west on Picket Guard where
we will remain three or four days.
I belive I have nothing more to
write and will close by requesting
you to write as soon as you reveive
this and let me know all the particulars
about Suse Pierce. So no
more at present, only I remain as ever
you affectionate brother
To Catherine Hawk
Head Quarters army
Fort Craig, Va.
March the 2/62
The grand army on the Potomac, the
Nintenth Ind. Redgm or the Blood
Suckers and the Blountsville Rangers.
S. Marideth, Col.
I will be gin writing you a leter now
in a few minutes to inform
you that I ant so bad as I was when
I was so bad. I received your
letter some time ago butv have neglected
to rite but now you see
that I am at it for keeps. We are yet
a live but a mans shadow
is nothing, We see good times and so
do you but where we are now will
be heaven to what is to come for the
old song is coming true for
Gordon is a hard road to travel when
the Nineteenth will start out
with several others to aid her and
stand face to face to the enemy
and there will stand till the last
arm foe expires to try to hold
the glories stars and stripes and preserve
them which our fore fathers
fought for and which we now march under
and fight under and die under
which will be done by the 19th in a
few days for the love of there
Country and there liberties, which
God intended in the first place.
We engoy the victories that the brave
men have won as well as
them at home. I think if Mr President
Davis would begin to multiply
his men, he wouldant have any to add
to next. I think that he will
soon blow out and if he dont perty
soon, Mr McClenen will sweep him
out or try it mighty hard for old Scott
will take his specks to his
eyes and blow him to the other side
of Gordon. Fox Scott will show
him one trick that is worth three of
his. I would like to be in
Blountsville one week to see my friends
a gain and to talk to them
but I still live in hopes that I may
be with you all at Blountsville,
on the free and sacred soil of old
Indiana which will be like the
golden streets of Geruslem to us. You
hear the gospel preachers,
day after day, we hear nothing but
are you ready for the field, you
my brave boys and will you suffer the
colors? Trampled under foot?
And the answer is given with cheers
and then a groan to represant
the tiger. May Gods blessings rest
up on you all now and for ever
more, So I will close by expecting
to hear from you soon.
A. W. Galyean.
To Catharine Hawk
Miss C. Hawk
Your letter has come to hand. Found
me and my bunky sticking up
over the tent when the letter was handed
to me. We are camped in
a bout 50 yards of ouer old Camp. He
looks gust as hard as ever.
We had a gay old time comeing through
if ever a set of soldiers
had or citizens. It is common thing
for citizens to have things
to say where soldiers are. the country
is as smoky as ever
the mountains gust as large and look
as hateful. Chigly gust so
fat and no fatter. You must write
him beter leters, that is more
loveing for soldiers like loveing leters
but they want the words to
come from the heart instead of from
the lips. Those are the kind for
me, not saying any thing a gainst
your leters atall, for I want to
write to both Kates as long as I write
to any body and then to be
so lucky as to come home and git a
Kate for a wife. The one you said
you thought I had notion of suits me
perty well. You and Sam,
I belive was talking a bout it while
I was gone to Indianapolis.
You thought I never thought much of
her untill I came home.I new
this before leaving home but didant
say any thing.
John Barnel is with us but he is a
hard chap. I am glad to hear
of boys enlisting. Uncle Sam has a
Spring field rifle layed up
rusting for all that will use one.
I am sorry to heer of Sam going
to war. Foot bad. I no what time he
will have on long marches.
I like to see all that is able for
service going, for I want so to see
old Boby Lee cleaned out this summer.
I find out there is better
company with girls and I thought that
before going home. Grub
is better I belive. We came through
with out any great accidents
happening to any one. To day finds
us all well. Stuck on a Va.
hill for the war, injoying ouer selves
as well as possible with out
playing cards. To day is Sabath, which
we respect if we are soldiers.
I will quit writing by hoping those
lines may find you all well and
seeing good times.Better than you had
when I was with you my self
but to tell the truth. I never hated
any thing in my life as bad as
I did to leave my dear old mother.
I had to keep whistling , singing,
all the way to Selma to keep it off
my mind. I will close the letter
by hoping to have the privalege of
kissing you once a gain by expecting
to hear from you soon. I bid you good
by, this was writen by your
Allen W. Galyean
Fair Fax County
March the 13/62
Much respected Father,
I take a few spare moments this morning
of writing you a few lines
I am well and hope you all are. We
left Camp Craig last Monday morning
a bout four o clock and went one mile
beyond Fairfax. It is a general
movement. There was over one hundred
thousand on the roads with us
and we was in the lead of the army.
We are looking every moment for
orders to move on to Manassas. The
rebels took the hint and left
there old den of Bulls Run and Manassas.
We would bin there but when
the rebels left they blowed up a bridge
that crosses the river called
Rappananock and we are bridgeing it
so to git a cross to them and
run them a gain. We traveled fifteen
miles the first day. I think
we will stay in Manassas tonight. Tell
Mr House that I am trying every
day to git hin a scalp but they run
so damed fast I cant ketch them but
I will stick close to them till I do
git one for I dont think they
can run always. The weather has been
nice for us except the day we
started and it reained perty neur all
that day but it lookes favorute
for us this morning. We still take
a few rebbles yet. I seen two this
morning. They looked vary hard. I think
there days are short ones,
for the 19th has got the lead and I
think they can leed right through.
Tell Lieucinda Lasey that William is
on the ground with us and giting
perty sout. He is lively as any one
on the ground.
General Mac Clelan said all winter
that we would git Manassas with
out loosing a man so we have. We heard
that some thought him to be
a Tory but he is one of the best men
we ever had. Direct your letter
as before. I will have to quit so no
more, so good morning from
I thought I would tell you that I thought
I could take a trick if
I ever could git in site of them.
A. W. Galyean
Wishing to hear from you, I wrote you
a few lines leting you know
that I am well and hearty and once
more on my old stomping ground.
things look as natural as ever. cant
see that the hills or mountains
have growed any at all. We arrived
in Culpeper the night of the 4th
without any accidents happening to
the Reg. I believe
We had a gay old time coming through.
The boys were running the
machine. officers had not a word to
say. they were plesed.
We have built comfortable quarters
for the time of the year, we will
live all bunk so long as we remain
in the present camp. The health
of the Regt at present is very
bad. The recuits are having there
sickness first. The weather has been
pleasent for some days past,
every thing going all right.
Drilling is the largest job we have on
hands now until we have to reach old
Lee. The army lags still,
will for some time, I think. It lags
as it did when we left home.
Nothing new Have been going on
except the Calvary that Patrick has
taken his scout to butler, they havnt
returned yet. We have heard a few
of those reporters since we have come
back. A cannon ball has the same
kind of whistle as ever. It has more
of a veteran sound. gust like
a man had three years yet to serve,
bully for the three years,
Times are not so pleasant as they were
at home, cant see quite as
good times, Not as good dinners as
we were favored with at home.
Dancing has plesed out several things.
The feather bed had plesed out,
poles has relived the feathers.
We are having good times in ouer tents,
Talking over what we have
done. What we may do. What might be
done and all the time thinking when
this cruel war will be over, We heard
there was another call of two
hundred thousand. We think that will
make Henry county thaink what will
I am going to quit writing this evening
untill I hear from you.
there is nothing of importance going
on in this department. Hoping
there will be something more done against,
I write you a gain, hoping
those few lines may find you all well
and will hear from you all in
returning mail. I will close the letter,
quit writing for the present.
Yours as ever
Catliff Station, Va.
April the 20th/62
I again am permitted to tell
you that I am well and injoying
soldiers Conveniencies and rest to
day in Camp. My wishes are when these
lines reaches you they find you all
well and enjoying all comfort
that Indiana could bless you with.
I recieved your letter when I
was in Camp at Alexandra but couldnt
get time to write before we
started on a long march and we will
leave this Camp in a few days if not
to morrow for Richmond for to try the
struck of there ranks. We came
through there works at Centerville.
There had been so much talk of
they was ant so strong but could make
a heavy stand better than at the
Gunction. they had a very large encampment
at both places. We camped
on the ruenes of the old battle field
on Sunday morning. The Gunction
was a hard looking place where they
had burned every thing, cars
and waggones. No end to them and other
things to tedious to mention.
I am going to send you my Captains
picture and if Phillip wants it,
let him have it. I cant write much
to night but I will rite the
oftener. I want you to send me some
fish hooks and line for I
want to ketch some fish and eat. Send
them in a leter and if you
see Dan, tell him that I want him to
rite and direct as before. I
will have to close my leter. I want
to send House one word.
Write soon, so no more, rite how you
are doing, so good night.
To father and all
a litle to Mr. House, sir,
I go by John, yet the same old
chap and them Centerville guns
would bear a little watching and it
will take some watching to git
the skelp and that takes the old brandy.
Bell Plains, Va.
Your letter has come to hand, found
us all well and hope these few
lines may find you all well and enjoying
life. The snow is a bout
8 inches deep this morning. on the
level some places deeper. We
have made another attemp to cross the
river but the ascendency of the
weather did ant permit but I didant
look at that so mutch as I did
the grey devils on the other side.
The contrabands are coming in
dayly like black sheep. The boys will
hollor, you black devils.
Some more of the Presidents proclamation.
It is soldiers that can
talk to blacks. Samuel is busy cooking
beans for our dinner.
I told or let him read the letter,
the reply was that he had buged
you. John said he didnt care a dam.
so Burny and Sumner,
General Franklin has been relieved
of there command by there own
request. Hooker takes command and I
hope they all will resign so they
wont have no one to command. The armys
all will all git to come home
then. I come to fight for the old flag
in stead, fighting for the
negroes. We have some watch meeting
but not so pleasant as yours.
We meet and watch for rebels while
we are watching them we almost
freeze ourselves. Tell Sam Bainter
that his birth day comes before
mine but I belive I am the biggest.
I way two hundred and eighty. If
he can best it he can take the cow.
When we was at Fort Craig, we
used to make brags what we would do
with the rebels but that has all
played out, we are willing to play
quits with them, it is all for
honor that this war is caried on and
mony beat. I still hope that I
will be so lucky as to get home safe
and take a
hand in some of your plans, please
write soon, wrote by
Allan W. Galyean
a member of company K, 19th to
July the 13/62
I again seat my self to rite a few
lines to let you now that I
am well and doing the duty of a soldier
of old Henry Counbty. We
are still lingering on the banks of
the Rappahannock. Nothing of no
great importance going on at this place.
We are expecting to march
at every hour. We have had notice to
draw ten days reashings but I
think that will play out yet, we are
in the healthiest place of
Vurginia, so the citizens tells me.
The inhabitance of this place is
nicely situated. Boats runing up and
cars running through and good
country to back it. I was on General
Washingtons farm, a beautiful
place and also seen the monument of
Washingtons mothers where the
traiders had skirvered it with shot.
We have been bothered with the
high waters in the last two weeks.
It took part of the ralroad
bridge a way and to the pontoon .
Health is tolerable good. This division
has lost more men in the
last month by deserting than any other
way. Every long march, a man
comes up missing.
We had a gay old time the fourth. the
fun begun by a mule race and
foot racing and then horse runing.
Col Merideth one hundred and forty
dollars on the little gray that he
has. We can beat any thing on the go
and they all felt there keeping before
night. We have some gay times,
the horse that run was the Conaway
mare. the gray mare that he fetched.
I would like to hear from you a gain.
It has been long time since
I received a letter from any of you.
I want you to rite oftener. I begin
to think there must be some thing the
Tell Cathrine, I will send her some
money in a short time as soon as
we are paid off. I will send you a
lump off of the monument of Washingtons
mother that was nocked off by shot
and shell by the Confederates of this
Well Father, I dont now of any thing
new to rite you and will close
by hoping you all are well and by expecting
to hear from you soon.
Direct as before
Oposet Fredricksburg, Va.
Aug. 5th 1862
Dear Father and Sister,
I once more take my pen in hand to
answer your kind letter to
tell you now I am in good health at
this present time when these
few lines come to hand. I hope they
will find you in good health.
I am a Cooking fore the Company. The
Regiment has gone out on a
scouton expidetion.They started out
this morning at two o clock,
we haint hard from them yet. The hole
Bregade went besides a
portain of Burnsides troops went whitch
came last eveing.
I haft to stay at Camp to Cook rashings
to send to them.They expect
to be gone 4 days before they return
and likly they will be gone
longer than that.There are noe telling
surten when but 4 days is the
set time to come to the Camp. I can
tell you more a bout them in the
next letter. I must tell you what me
and Andy Knapp had for diner,
he went to a little town this morning
and bout a nice fat pullet and
a lot of youn potatoes and we cooked
them up and we had as good a
Diner as you could wish to se or set
down to and I wished you was here
to help us eat them. We have three
more young chickens to make
a pot pie to send out to Wes Gallion
and a man by the name of McNess.
A. Knapp bunk mate, me and Wes bunks
together. Wes has had the mumps
and is purty nere over them now. Well,
I ges I had beter close this
time so goodby, yours till Deth.
to his Father and sister.
You wanted to now about Mailen a going
to Taribut to live with
Liss Baley, he can go if he wants to
go and leave the rest of the
children. He can go as far as I am
consurned. You spoke of me a
going to lose my curly headed Marium,
let her go, as for my part,
there are plenty of curly headed one
here of the full bloded stock,
got as curly a hed as any littel lap
I send my best respects to you all
and inquiring friends.
Father, if you will git your likness
taken and send it to me, I will
send you the money to git it takin
with. Answer this as soon as it
comes to hand with out delay, so I
The last part is unsigned, it must
have been added to the orginal letter.
Also the mood is different.
I would think someone else must have written this letter
for John Hawk, as in it he states that
Wes Galyean was not with him.
Camp near Atlanta, Georgia
September the 13th 1862
Dear Aunt and Grandfather and more.
I am premitted to seat my self to write
you a few lines to inform
you of my health, which is very good
at present and hope when these
few lines reaches you they may find
you enjoying the best of health.
Well I havent very much to write at
present and so you cant
expect mutch but one thing I can tell
you, I think, I have got in to
camp and more. I think I will get payed
off now before long, I think
it is time for we havent had any pay
for nine months and I havent
seen any money for six months untill
the other day, I got five dollars
Well, Catharine, I suppose you will
see Nate Templeton before
you see this letter but I hope you
will get it in time to send me
what I want. I will tell you what it
is. I want you to send me a
hankerchief. I am not perticular what
kind it is, just so it will
wipe the swet off, for we swet like
a big negro at a election.
Well, I guess I have written
all of importance but I will
ask you to go and see if Nate will
fetch them things before you put
your self to any trouble to get them
ready to send and I want you
to give my best wishes and respects
to Catharine Bainter, tell her
I would like for her to write to me
and let me know how she is a
geting a long.
Well. it is after roll call and i was
on picket last night
and am sleppy, so I will bring my fewremarks
to a close by asking
you to write, direct your letters to
Company B, 84th Reg. Ind.
Vol. Via Chattanooga, Tenn.,
so no more at present
Respectly your nephew
John W. Turner
to Catharine Hawk.
September the 30/62
It is with great pleasure that I sit
down to inform you that
I am well at present. Hoping that those
few lines may find you
enjoying the same health. I am in Kentucky.
a bout five miles from
Cincinnati and two miles from Covington
and about a quarter of a mile
from the river. Well I must tell you
that I have not wrote any
other letter to you but I have done
wrong, but if you will forgive
me and I will do better next time.
We have a good time here, going
out on pickett, we take in two or three
rebbs every time but I
think that we will not bring many more
for they have all took the
hint and went off.
Times is hard here and money plenty,
for I am going to send
you a ten dollar bill of Lees money.
we can get a ten dollar bill
for five cents in silver. I want you
to tell the boys and girls
that I am in for three years and if
I live to get home. I think
that I will be a man. For I think that
it will make a man out of a boy.
This is just the place for to make
men out of boys. The boys is
all in good health and spirits. tell
Catharine Banter, that I want
her to keep that ring that I made for
her and that I want her to
to put a few lines in for me and tell
me how she is gitting along.
Well, I must bring my letter to a close.
Write as soon as you get
this letter, direct your letter to
the 84th Regiment, Co. B. Ind.
Volunteers. Cincinatti or Covington,
anyone will do. so no more
at present but remain your tru nephew
till death. write as you
get this, from
John W. Turner
To Catherine Hawk
Henry County, Ind.
Note : This letter to Catherine is
from her nephew and also of course
a nephew of the John Hawk we have been
seeing all along. I belive he is
the son of a John Turner which
we will get into in other letters. As
the war went along ,there were many
of the same family in different regiments
October the 13, 1862
It is with great pleasure that I sit
my self down to inform you
that I am well at present. Hoping that
those few lines may find you
enjoying the same health. I received
your letter this morning and
it is the best one that I have had
in a good while. It gave me
great pleasure to here that you had
a good time at the apples cutting
and prair meetings, as for meetings,
we have them every night and we
cant get any apples to eat, let alone
having apple cutting but we
have a good time here for we have to
march about 40 miles up the
big Sandy river tonight or in the morning.
The rebels is scarce
here but up where we are going there
is plenty of them and we are
going up there to thin them out or
get thined out our selves.
We are on the Ohio river in Ohio but
we are going to leave now in
an ouer, so no more at present but
remain your true nephew.
John W. Turner
Catharine, I was borned in the year
1843, July the 16, age 19 years.
It is with great pleasure that I sit
down to inform you that I am
well at present, hoping when those
few lines reaches you, it
may find you enjoying the same health.
Now we have stopped again to
rest a few days and get recruited up.
we are at Guyandot, forty
miles down the river from Camp McFall.
Gallipolis, Ohio. We are in
Virginia now where the rebels is thick,
this part of town has all
been burnt out by union troops. yesterday
there was a squad of
rebels in this town and there was four
of them come up the river
and saw us and they come up to this
town and told them that we was
coming and they all left here with
a hurray and went up the big
Sandy river. Well, I must bring my
letter to a close so no more
at present, but remains your tru Gransun
untill death. From
John W. Turner
to John Hawk
Note: This letter was written
to John Hawk Sr. the father of the John Hawk that we
have seen in the other letters.
John W. Turner was John Hawk
Oct. the 24th 1862
Dear Father and Sister
It is with great pleasure that I attempt
once more to write yous
few lines to let you know that I am
still alive and well. sincerely
hoping that they may find you in the
enjoyment of the same blessing.
It has been sometime since I last wrote
to you and during that time
I have seen some pretty hard times
and some very had sights, such as
I hope I never see again. It is unnecessary
for me to attempt
to describe them to you as I presume
that you have had as good a
discription in the papers as I can
give. We have had no trouble for
some time and I hope that we never
may have again. We have been in
Camp for some time and I cannot tell
how long we will remain for we
have to keep 3 days ration on hand
all the time yet that is nothing
for we may not go into another battle
this fall as there is no enemy
in force close to us nor they have
not been for some time. I think
that they are all going to Richmond
and if they do we will not see
them any more this fall as it is to
late to march that distance this
fall and I think they will settle the
furs against spring so I feel
rather safe now, yet we may have a
hard time. We have had out Lt.
Col. killed and also our Major, our
Capt. has been promoted to Lt. Col.
and our Col. to Brigidier Genl., so
our Capt. will be our Col.
he is a very good man and worthy of
any promotion. Lt. Orr will be
our next Capt., there fore when you
write again, direct in care of Capt.
Orr as there is nothing of importance
going on. I will close. Write
as soon as this comes to hand.
December 2nd, 1862
Near Fredricksburg Va.
Dear Father and Cattie,
I received your letter of the 26th
Nov. was glad to hear from you.
I still cook for company K. Capt. Orr
and Will Murray got here night
before last , they appeared glad to
join us again. Catharine, I received
your cake. I would love to be at home
eating cake. We have been
expecting to march before long, yesterdays
paper reports 120,000 rebels
at Fredricksburg, where we expect to
fight. Some of the boys are
building houses as though they intend
to stay here all winter. Cate,
you was complaining of my not writing,
we have been marching nearly
all the time for the last month, if
we go in winter quarters then I
will have more time, as for sending
money, I cant at present for we
have not been payed for five months.
Tell Aunt Huldy that Wes is well,
the boys call him General Burnside
and think that he is about all the
boy that lives. Tell the folks of old
Blountsville, that I hope the
war will come to an end this winter
and let all the boys return home.
and so a general good time. Well, John
must quit writing and get supper.
as ever your Brother
December the 11th 1862
I take the pen to let you now
that my health is not very good at
this time but I hope that it will git
better soon. I have been sick
for a bout five weeks but I am so that
I can be in Camp again. I am
lame in my left leg sence I ben sick
so that I am not able for to do
anything yet and the Doctors say that
I will be a long time before I
will do duty and they are going to
send me to the hospital again and
if they do , I will come home if I
can, any way a tall, and see you
all again. We are at Camp, five miles
south of Nashville and thair is
plenty of rebels down hear. I think
that we will have a fits a
little before long and we will whip
them like the devel and then
we can come home and stay with our
friends and relation. Our brigade
has gone out to day and I have heard
the Cannon all day and I think
that they have a little fite and I
hope that they will come out all
Father, I intended to sent you some
money, the last time that we
were paid but I was taken sick and
was sent to the hospital and had
thirty five dollars stold from me that
it left me with but little
money till we are paid again and I
dont now when that will be for it
may be six months before we git any
more pay. I cant thing of any
thing to rite that will unterest you
that I will bring my few lines
to a close by saying, rite soon and
often for I hant a very good
chance to rite hear.
From your true son
To his father John Hawk.
direct yours to the Co. F. 57th Regiment
Ind. Vol. Nashville, Tenn
Note: This William is a brother to
The John Hawk that we have seen in
the other letters.
Camp opp. Fredricksburg
December the 18th 1862
Your unexpected letter come to
hand tuesday last, which found me
all right that was about all. We had
gust recrossed the river
and a happier child you never saw to
think that I was alive. The
people thought we could take the hights
on the other side, so we did
gust like we will take Richmond, over
the left. We were on the other
side of the river three days in gun
shot of each other but there was
no fireing with muskets, only by skirmishers,
We would fire at each
other a while and throw ouer gunes
and go to one another and trade
coffee for whiskey, then break back,
go to firing. We were on
picket the night of skededle, they
was going to let us be taken prisoners
to save the rest of the army but we
slipped out to easy. Well this
is enough a bout the blammed war. All
foolishness any how.
I got the sugar cake and eat it and
all I regretted was that the lump
wasant biger and when I looked at the
picture, I found out you were
better looking then I thought you was.
John showed it to the boys
for his gal, they said it was a good
picture, they didant care who
it was, all I hated was that it wasant
We are having a good time, times hear
in the woods perty near
smoked to death but that nothing.
I take no offence of you not writing
sooner but I thought you
might of known that I was playing draw
game from over the crick.
I hope you all may have good times
and good health and I hope that
I may be with you once more when you
are having your good times.
I thank you vary kindly for the lump
of sugar. All I can do is
to send you a few of off hand kisses
and best respect.
Samuel Dinkover is in Company K now
and is at this present time
drawing his vinegar and pork.
I will close by expecting to hear from
you soon. I send my best
respects to all of my inquires.
A. W. Galyean
To Catherine Hawk
I was gust thinking which would be
the healthest staying hear where
balls whisling over making me dize
or at your house with my arm
a round your neck and a kiss now and
then, I will leave that to you.
So good by. Kate.