SAMUEL SHORTRIDGE
REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER
1756 – 1823


 
 
Samuel Shortridge was born in 1756 in Fairfax County, Virginia. The family feels he was the son of George Shortridge and grandson of William Shortridge.

Samuel took part in the famous battle of the Blue Licks. Some of the other men in the battle were Peter School, Joseph School, Abraham School, Israel Boone (son of Daniel Boone) and Daniel Boone. These settlers were ambushed by the Indians and had to make a hasty retreat, leaving a lot of their things behind. The best history of the life of Boone, as well as this particular incident, was collected from first or second hand sources by Lyman Draper, an early historian whose research comprises what is known as “The Draper Collection.”  The Boone, Scholl and Shortridge families associated very closely together in the early founding of Kentucky. There was also intermarriage of Scholl with both Boone and Shortridge.

As a result of the Blue Licks disaster, the army under George Rodgers Clark sent an expedition into Ohio to pursue the Indians.

Samuel served as an Indian fighter in Captain Charles Hazelrigg’s company of the Virginia Militia, in Fayette Co., Virginia, under the command of Col. Daniel Boone and in Gen. George Roger Clarke’s expedition against the Indians on the Scioto in Ohio in 1762 after the battle of Blue Licks. His name is on the plaque of the Blue Lick Monument in Kentucky.

Samuel Shortridge married Sarah Scholl around 1776. They had 8 children who were named in his will; Keziah, Leah, Samuel, Elizabeth, Lelah, John, James and Morgan.

Sarah Scholl was born around 1757 and it is not know where she was born. Her father William Scholl lived in PA, VA and then KY. Samuel married her in Clark Co. KY and she was probably his second wife.

We find that Samuel Shortridge and Sarah Scholl sold their land in Kentucky in 1811 to John Hodges and then moved  to Wayne County, Indiana.  They appeared to have remained  there for 8 or 9 years, then moved onto what is now WEA Township in 1822-1823 with other relatives (son-in-law Samuel Black and daughter Keziah, sons Samuel Boone Shortridge and Morgan Shortridge). Shortly thereafter he died and is buried on land that belongs to his daughter and son-in-law (thereafter called the Black Cemetery or the Rural Cemetery.)

The children’s names are found in the will of Samuel, which is filed in Wayne Co. Indiana. Keziah born about 1782 and married Samuel Black on the 28 of May 1801; Leah born about 1783 and married William Starkes on 11 May 1801; Samuel Boone Shortridge born 1785 and married Eleanor Hulse (Hulls) in 1813 and second Emily A. Heath on 2 January 1825; Elizabeth born 1786 and married a Mr. Treadway; Lelah born about 1789 and married John Drury; John was born 1794 and James born 1796; Morgan born 1800 and married Clarissa Burke on 24 June 1828.

Samuel and Keziah (Shortridge) Black settle permanently in the WEA region as does Morgan Shortridge. Morgan Shortridge becomes the first Sheriff of Tippecanoe County and later a member of the Indiana State Legislature. Shortridge High School in Indianapolis is named for him.  Almeda McCollough, former curator of the Tippecanoe County Historical Society, was a descendent of Morgan Shortridge.

Samuel Boone Shortridge who married Emily Heath while living in WEA moved westward to Iowa about 1831. He then moved on to Oregon via the Oregon Trail in the 1850’s.  His wife, Emily, as well as a niece and nephew (Drury) die of cholera along the way and are buried somewhere on the North Platte River. The niece and nephew leave five orphans that Samuel cared for and takes on to Oregon. Samuel Boone Shortridge settles east of Cottage Grove (Oregon) which is now the site of Shortridge Park.

Samuel died on July 8, 1823 in Tippecanoe Co., IN.  His will is filed in Wayne Co. Indiana but no grave is found in Wayne County.  He died and is buried here in Tippecanoe County. The cemetery was restored by a group of local citizens and the old stone was repaired and the SAR put up a new stone beside the old one. May of 2002 the DAR and SAR and dedicated the grave with a bronze marker.

The source of the date came from the Daughter of the American Revolution’s Library in Washington DC, and from a letter written by Randall Shortridge, a descendant of Samuel Boone Shortridge.

Researched and Written by Peggy Reen

 

Tombstone restored by L.A. Clugh, Cemetery Preservationist for Tippecanoe County, Indiana.

 


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