Carlow County Directory for 1857
Thom’s Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom for
the year 1857
County and Borough
Carlow, an inland county in Leinster province.
Boundaries: N., Kildare and Wicklow; E.,
Wicklow and Wexford; S., Wexford; W., Kilkenny and Queen's. Greatest
length, N. and 9., 29 miles; greatest breadth, E. and W., 20½;
comprising an area of 346 square miles, or 221,342 acres, of which
184,059 are arable, 31,249 uncultivated,
4.927 m plantations, 602
in towns, and 505 under water.
The surface is generally level, except the baronies which adjoin the
county Wicklow, and which partake of its hilly character. On the western
side of the river Barrow the colliery range extends from N. to S.
through the barony of Idrone West, some of the hills rising to the
height of 1,000 feet above the level of the sea, which, being in some
places wooded and cultivated to the top, form a beautiful landscape. On
the Eastern side a succession of fertile table-bud extends to Borria,
and on the S. is Mount Leinster, attaining a height of 2,604 feet The
Slaney flows through the county, as also the Barrow, which skirts it on
the W.; the northern part separating it from the Queen's County, the
middle part, from its own barony of Idrone West, and the southern part,
from the county of Kilkenny. The sinking of the river Burren by the
Board of Works, has contributed much to the value of the alluvial soils
of the interior of this county. The staple trade it in corn, flour,
meal, butter, and provisions, which are exported in large quantities.
The county is divided into 7 baronies—Carlow, Forth, Idrone E. and W.,
Rathvilly, and St. Mullins Lower and Upper, and contains 47 parishes. It
is in Leighlin diocese. The principal towns are Carlow, part of which,
called Graigue, is in Queen's County; population, in 1851, 9,121;
Tullow, 2,963; and Bagnalstown, 2,292. The county returns 3 members to
Parliament, 2 for the county at large, constituency, in 1854, 2,267; and
1 for Carlow borough, constituency, 221. The Assizes are held at Carlow.
The county is within the Curragh or South - eastern military district,
and contains 1 Barrack Station for Cavalry and Infantry at Carlow.
The net annual value of property rated to the poor in the county is
£149,841, and the amount of properly valued under the Act 6 & 7
Wm. IV., cap. 84, is £166,739.
Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum, Earl of Bessborough, P.C. (1838),
Bessborough House, Pilltown, co.
Kilkenny; Garrihill, Carlow; and 40, Charles Street, Berkely Square,
(1856 -57) John Newton Esq., Bagnalstown House, Bagnalstown.
Members for the
County – John Ball, esq. (1852), Under Secretary of State for the
Colonies, eldest son of the Right Hon. Judge Ball, 85, Stephen's-green,
south, Dublin, and 10, Duke-street, St. James's, London.— Captain
Bunbury M’Clintock Bunbury, R.n. (1846-52, 1853),
Lisnevagh, Rathvilly, in this county; and
156, New Bond-street, London.
- Browne, Robert Clayton, Browne's
- Eustace, Hardy, Newstown, Tullow
- Burton, William Fitzwilliam,
- Palatine Leckey, John James,
Butler, Colonel Sir Thomas, bart., Ballintemple, Tullow
- Rochfort, Horace, Clogrennan,
Chairman of Quarter
Sir Colman Michael O'Loghlen, bart., q.c.
(1856), 20, Merrion-square, south,
- Blackney, Hugh, Ballyellen,
- Braddell, Thomas, Prospect,
- Brady, John Beauchamp, Myshall
- Browne, Joseph Swan, Knocklow,
- Browne, Robert Clayton, D.L.,
Browne's Hill, Carlow
- Fishbourne, William, Font Hill,
- Fitzmaurice, Arthur, Carlow
- Gray, John, Upton House, Fenagh,
- Hamilton, Douglas, Rathoe House,
- Hardy, Thomas Rawdon, Kilmacart,
- Bruen, Henry, Oak Park, Carlow.
- Hegarty, Edmund, Kilcoltrim,
- Bunbury. Capt. William Bunbury
M'Clintock, R.N., M.P., Lisnevagh, Balltinglass
- Kavanagh, Arthur, Borris House,
- Keogh, Lieut.-Colonel John H.,
- Burtchaell, David, Brandondale,
- Leckey, John James, D.L.,
- Burton, Richard, Pollerton,
- Newton, Philip Jocelyn,
- Burton, Wm. Fitzwilliam, D.L.,
Burton Hall, Palatine
- Nowlan, John, Killballyhue,
- Butler. James Thomas,
- Richards, Edwin, Commander R.N.,
- Butler, Richard, Benekerry,
- Butler, Sir Thomas, bart., D.L.,
- Rochfort, Horace, D.L.,
- Butler William Paul, Broomville,
- Michael Fitzhenry, Cournellan,
- Dennis, Edward Albert, Kadestown,
- Dennis, Thomas S., Fortgranite,
- Vigors, John Cliff, Burgage,
- Dillon, Francis, Garryhill,
- Waters, Henry, Staplestown,
- Doyne, Charles Henry, Cottage,
- Watson, John Leckey, Kilconnor,
- Duckett, John Dawson, Duckctt's
- Westby, William Jones, High
- Duckett, William, Russelstown
- White, Matthew Esmonde, M.D.,
- Elliot, Samuel, Rathcrogue,
- Wolseley, Sir Clement, bart.,
- Eustace, Hardv,
D.l., Newstown, Tullow
- Eustace, James Hardy,
- Clerk of the
Crown, Thomas Jameson, esq. (1846), 36, North Great George's-street,
- Clerk of the
Peace, A.J. Humfrey esq, (1836), Ardristan, Tullow.
- Crown Solicitor,
Jeremiah Mara, esq. (1850), Portarlington, and 71, Talbot-street,
- Crown Solicitor at
Quarter Sessions, Thomas Crawford Butler, esq. Treasurer, Thomas
Whelan, esq, (1828), Carlow.
- Secretary to the
Grand Jury, Janes Butler, esq. (1854). Ballybar, Carlow.
- County Surveyor,
Peter Burtchell, esq., Carlow.
Edward L. Jameson, esq., Carlow.
Returning Officer, Thomas Jameson, esq., 36 North Great George
- Coroner, Edw
Gorman, esq., Bennekerry Lodge, Carlow
- Paymaster of
Pensioners, Major Harvey, unattached.
Head Distributer for the county, Joseph Greene, jun., esq,
- Bagnalstown, James Byrne.
- Borris, Mary Kelly.
- Carlow, John C. Church
- Tullow, William Deering.
Barony Cess Collectors
- Carlow, Thomas Moss, Rutland,
- Forth, James Keppel, Killane,
- Idrone, East, Henry Agar,
- Idrone, west, John Smith,
- Rathvilly, William Young,
- St. Mullins, lower, Thomas
Doyle, Ballyling, Graignemarragh.
- St. Mullins, upper, Thomas
Pierce, Kilgarney, Clongal.
- County Inspector, George
Dickson, esq., Carlow
- Sub- Inspectors’ Stations,
- Bagnalstown, J. M. Frith.
- Carlow, James Hazlett.
- Borris, Gore’s-bridge, E.Curtis.
- Tullow, E. R. Medlicott.
Seneschal of the Manor of Carlow, Thomas Crawford Butler, esq,
Seneschal of the Manor of Ballymoon and Dunleckney, Bagnalstown,
Chas, F. Johnson, esq.
Petty Sessions Courts.
- Place where held,
Day, and Namee of Clark
second Mondav; Edward Warren.
Gore's-Bridge, third Thursday; Edward Warren.
- Carlow, Monday;
Leighlinbridge, forth Wednesday; R. Morres.
second Tuesday; P. Douglas.
- Myshall, fourth
Wednesday; Redmond Morres.
- Newtownbarry, for
Co. Carlow District, second Saturday; P. Atkin,
- Tullow, Saturday;
The Board of Superintendence meets on the first Monday in every month.
- Inspector, Arthur
- Governor, Richard
Chaplin, Rev. Fred. F. J. Trench, Carlow.
- Roman Catholic
Chaplain, Rev. Marcus Dowling.
- Surgeon, Thomas J.
- Apothecary, Henry
- Deputy Governor,
Lunatic Asylum, Carlow.
Established in 1831, for the counties of Carlow, Kildare, and Wexford.
The Board meets on the third Wednesday in each month.
- Resident Physcian
and Superintendent, Matthew Esmonde White,
a.m., m.d., j.p.
Physician, Thomas O'Meara, m.d.
- Apothecary, Henry
- Matron, Mrs.
Chaplin, Rev. Fred. F. Trench.
- Roman Catholic
Chaplain, Rev. James Hughes.
- Clerk and
Storekeeper, Timothy Brenan.
Treasurer, John Alexander, esq., m.p.
Surgeon, Thomas J. Rawson, m.d.
Carlow Union, (Co. Carlow, Queen's co,, and Co.
Kildare), 45 Electoral
Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Thursdays.
- Chairman, Sir
Thomas Butler, bart., Ballintemple, Tullow.
- Vice- Chairman, R.
Clayton Browne, esq., Browne's Hill, Carlow.
- Deputy Vice-
Chairman, William Robert Lecky, esq, Ballinacarrig, Carlow.
Bank of Ireland, Carlow.
- Clerk and Returning Officer, John
- Master and Matron,
James Kerr, and Elizabeth Grange.
- Chaplains. - Established Church.
Rev. F. F. J. Trench.
- Roman Catholic, Rev. Marcus
- Medical Office.
- Relieving Officers, Joshua
- James Mathew’s, Bagnalstown;
- John S. Walters, Burrin St,
- Medical Officers
of Dispensary Districts.
- Bagnalstown, James
- Ballickmoyler &
Newton. E. N. Bolton, m.d.
- Borris. Francis
- Carlow. James Porter, M.D
- Fenagh and
Myshall, William Fryer, m.d.
Richard R. Phillips, m.d.
- Newtown, Samuel Edge, M.D.
- Tullow, Robert Burnett, M.D.
Market Towns In This
Population, and the Market Days.
- Bagnalstown, 2,292 every
9,121, every Monday and Thursday.
- Hacketstown, 790, every
- Tullow, 2,963, every Saturday.
Fairs in This
- Bagnalstown. 17
March, 9 April, 8 May, 4 Sept, 13 Oct., 30 Nov., 27 Dec. Ballon, 28
March, 12 Aug.
- Borris. 1 Jan., 6
Feb. 1 May, 2 July, 15 Aug., 4 Oct., 14 Nov.
- Carlow Town, 4
May, 29 June, 26 Aug., 8 nov.
- Conegall, Wed.
after 4 Feb., 1st Wed in Match. Wed before 12 May (frieze).
Ascension Day (cattle), Whit Mon. (cattle), 31 July (cattle), 12 and
22 Nov. (cattle). 1st Wed in Dec. (frieze), 11 Dec. (cattle).
- Hacketstown, 13
Jan., Thurs. after 2 Feb., 12 March, 13 April. 4 May, Thurs. after
Trin. Sun., 23 June, 13 July, 2 and 21 Aug., 18 Sept. 16 Oct., Tues
after 12 Nov., 21 Dec.
- Kiledmond, 12
March, 15 July.
- Knockan, 6 Jan., 4
June. 3 Oct.
Easter Mon., 14 May, 25 Sept., 18 Dec.
- Milford, 3 May, 7
- Myshall, 25 March,
10 May, 29 June, 14 Sept.
- Nurney, 6 May.
- Orchard, Whit
Tues, 2 Oct.
- Palatine Town, 26
March. 23 April. 17 June, 6 Nov.
- Rathvilly, 1 Jan.,
14 Feb., 25 March, 2 May, 24 June, 1 Aug. 8 Oct., 12 Nov.
- Sherwood, 20 May.
- Slyguff, 12 Feb.,
- St. Mullhins, 17
June. 25 July, 8 Sept., 1 Nov.
- Staplestown, 1
May, 7 Nov.
- Tinnahinch, 1 May,
29 Sept., 26 Dec.
- Tullow, 20 Jan.,
21 April, 10 July, 8 Sept., 29 Oct., 21 Nov,
- Wells, Ascension
Day, 11 Dec.
an inland town and parliamentary borough in Carlow barony and
county, and Leinster province, on the Barrow, 40 miles S.W. by S., from
Dublin, comprising within its electoral boundary an area of 572 acres,
which includes the suburb of Graigue, in the Queen's county, on the west
side of the river. Population of Carlow, in 1841, 8,736; of Graigue,
1,673; total of the borough, 10,409, of whom 1,600 were of the
Established Church, ii,6oa Roman Catholics, and 140 of other
persuasions, inhabiting 1,514 houses, averaging nearly 7 persons to a
house. Population in 1851, 9,121, inhabiting 1,375 houses.
The public buildings are 3 Churches, the Roman Catholic Cathedral for
the united dioceses of Leighlin and Kildare, the Roman Catholic College
and School, 2 Nunneries, the Diocesan School, a Presbyterian, a
Methodist, and a Friends' Meeting-house; the County Court House, Prison,
Infirmary, and Union Workhouse; the District Lunatic Asylum for Carlow
and Kildare; a Fever Hospital, and Barrack's for a troop of cavalry and
2 companies of infantry. A bridge of 5 arches over the River Barrow
connects the suburb of Graigue with the town.
The Corporation, which was styled "The
Sovereign, Free Burgesses, and Commonalty of the Borough of Catherlagh,"
by the recent Municipal Reform Act is now extinct, and the borough was
placed under the Towns' Improvement Act in 1855. The borough returns 1
member to Parliament; constituency in 1854, 221. A. branch of the Great
Southern and Western Railway connects Carlow with the metropolis, and
the Irish South Eastern Railway connects the town with Kilkenny.
The Assizes for the county are held here, also
Quarter and Petty Sessions. Fairs are held on 4th May, 22nd June, 26th
August, and 8th November; Markets on Mondays and Thursdays; all toll
free. The Barrow, which is navigable above the town to its junction with
tire Grand Canal at Athy, affords great facilities of export, chiefly of
grain and butter, to Dublin and Waterford. There are in the town and its
vicinity several flour mills, and malt houses; butter of superior
quality is largely exported. There are three newspapers published in the
town, the Carlow Post, Carlow sentinel, and Carlow Weekly News, all on Saturdays.
Member for the
Borough – John Alexander, esq. (1853), Milford, Carlow; Kildare Street
Club, Dublin and Carlton Club, London.
Appointed Under The Town Improvement Act 1854.
- Thos C. Butler, Chairman
- Thaddeus O’Shea
- Michael M'Donald
- William Graham.
- Patrick Lowry.
- Thomas Francis Gale.
- James Kelly.
- William Henry Collier.
- Thomas Ellis.
- Robert Ferrall
- Dr. Paul J. Cullen
- Edward Flood
- Robert Dillon
- Patrick Kinsella
- Anthony Coffey
- Martin Mangan
- Matthew Byrne
- Patrick Byrne
Thomas Corcoran, jun., esq
Magistrate, Ch. Henry Tuckey, esq., Borlem.
of Constabulary, George Dickson, esq.
Edward R. Medlicot, esq.
Out-Pensioners, Major Harvey, unatt.
Edward Connery, esq., Brown-st., Carlow
Income Tax Office.
Crown Surveyor, Thomas Smith, esq.
Bank of Ireland (Branch) Athy-street—Agent, Thomas Whelan. esq.;
Sub-Agent, T. C Hone, esq.
National Bank—Manager, James Palmer. esq.
Local Law Courts.
Quarter Sessions—in the Court House four times a year, for the recovery
of debts, and prosecution of minor offences; and under a new Act,
once-a-year for the registry of voters.—Presiding Barrister, Sir
Colman Michael O'Loghlen, bart., Q.C
A Manor Court – Held the first Tuesday in eachmonth, for the recovery of
£2, present currency – Seneschal, Thos. C. Butler, esq; Registrar,
Educational Establishment and Charitable Institution.
The Diocesan School of Ossory and Leighlin – under the direction of the
Rector of the Parish; Head Master, The Rev. David H. Scott, A.B.
St. Patrick’s R. Catholic College – President, Very Rev. J. Dunne, D.D;
Vice-President Rev. Patrick Kavanagh; Dean of the College.
A Mechanises Institute and a Catholic
One infant 2 male, and 2 female Schools, under the superintendence of
the Clergy of the Established Church, and in connexion with the Church
Education Society of the Diocese of Leighlin. A Protestant Orphan
Two Houses of Industry, one Protestant, the other Roman Catholic, for
the instruction of female servants.
Two National Schools, and 2 female Schools, under the superintendence of
the Nuns, the Sisters of Mercy, and the Nuns of the Presentation Convent
The Board of Guardians meets every Thursday —
For List of Officers, &c, see Carlow County.
Inns and Hotels
The Club House Hotel, William Whitmore, Dublin Street.
The Kings Arms Hotel, Mrs Cullen, Dublin Street
Burrin Street Hotel, Richard Tennants.
Parcel and Lumber Boats ply between Dublin, Ross, and Waterford, through
Carlow, for the conveyance of butter, flour, &c, for the English
markets; and coals. &c, &c, from
Ross and Dublin, for the use of the intermediate towns.
End of Directory
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