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Carlow County - Ireland Genealogical Projects (IGP TM)

Thom's Irish Almanac and Official Directory



Carlow County Directory for 1857

Thom’s Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom for the year 1857

 County and Borough Directory.

 Carlow County.

Carlow, an inland county in Leinster province. Boundaries: N., Kildare and Wicklow; E., Wicklow and Wexford; S., Wexford; W., Kilkenny and Queen's. Greatest length, N. and 9., 29 miles; greatest breadth, E. and W., 20½; comprising an area of 346 square miles, or 221,342 acres, of which 184,059 are arable, 31,249 uncultivated, 4.927 m plantations, 602 in towns, and 505 under water.

The surface is generally level, except the baronies which adjoin the county Wicklow, and which partake of its hilly character. On the western side of the river Barrow the colliery range extends from N. to S. through the barony of Idrone West, some of the hills rising to the height of 1,000 feet above the level of the sea, which, being in some places wooded and cultivated to the top, form a beautiful landscape. On the Eastern side a succession of fertile table-bud extends to Borria, and on the S. is Mount Leinster, attaining a height of 2,604 feet The Slaney flows through the county, as also the Barrow, which skirts it on the W.; the northern part separating it from the Queen's County, the middle part, from its own barony of Idrone West, and the southern part, from the county of Kilkenny. The sinking of the river Burren by the Board of Works, has contributed much to the value of the alluvial soils of the interior of this county. The staple trade it in corn, flour, meal, butter, and provisions, which are exported in large quantities.

County and Borough,

The county is divided into 7 baronies—Carlow, Forth, Idrone E. and W., Rathvilly, and St. Mullins Lower and Upper, and contains 47 parishes. It is in Leighlin diocese. The principal towns are Carlow, part of which, called Graigue, is in Queen's County; population, in 1851, 9,121; Tullow, 2,963; and Bagnalstown, 2,292. The county returns 3 members to Parliament, 2 for the county at large, constituency, in 1854, 2,267; and 1 for Carlow borough, constituency, 221. The Assizes are held at Carlow. The county is within the Curragh or South - eastern military district, and contains 1 Barrack Station for Cavalry and Infantry at Carlow.

The net annual value of property rated to the poor in the county is £149,841, and the amount of properly valued under the Act 6 & 7 Wm. IV., cap. 84, is £166,739.

Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum, Earl of Bessborough, P.C. (1838), Bessborough House, Pilltown, co. Kilkenny;  Garrihill, Carlow; and 40, Charles Street, Berkely Square, London

High Sherriff, (1856 -57) John Newton Esq., Bagnalstown House, Bagnalstown.

Members for the County – John Ball, esq. (1852), Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, eldest son of the Right Hon. Judge Ball, 85, Stephen's-green, south, Dublin, and 10, Duke-street, St. James's, London.— Captain William Bunbury M’Clintock Bunbury, R.n. (1846-52, 1853), Lisnevagh, Rathvilly, in this county; and 156, New Bond-street, London.

Deputy Lieutenants.

Browne, Robert Clayton, Browne's Hill, Carlow
Eustace, Hardy, Newstown, Tullow
Burton, William Fitzwilliam, Burton Hall,
Palatine Leckey, John James, Ballykealy, Ballon
Butler, Colonel Sir Thomas, bart., Ballintemple, Tullow
Rochfort, Horace, Clogrennan, Carlow

Chairman of Quarter Sessions.

Sir Colman Michael O'Loghlen, bart., q.c. (1856), 20, Merrion-square, south, Dublin.


Blackney, Hugh, Ballyellen, Goresbridge
Braddell, Thomas, Prospect, Newtownbarry
Brady, John Beauchamp, Myshall Lodge, Myshall
Browne, Joseph Swan, Knocklow, Tullow
Browne, Robert Clayton, D.L., Browne's Hill, Carlow
Fishbourne, William, Font Hill, Carlow
Fitzmaurice, Arthur, Carlow
Gray, John, Upton House, Fenagh, Bagnalstown
Hamilton, Douglas, Rathoe House, Tullow.
Hardy, Thomas Rawdon, Kilmacart, Hacketstown
Bruen, Henry, Oak Park, Carlow.
Hegarty, Edmund, Kilcoltrim, Borris, Kilkenny
Bunbury. Capt. William Bunbury M'Clintock, R.N., M.P., Lisnevagh, Balltinglass
Kavanagh, Arthur, Borris House, Borris, Kilkenny
Keogh, Lieut.-Colonel John H., Kilbride, Ballon
Burtchaell, David, Brandondale, Graiguenamanagh
Leckey, John James, D.L., Ballykealy, Ballon
Burton, Richard, Pollerton, Carlow.
Newton, Philip Jocelyn, Dunleckney, Bagnalstown
Burton, Wm. Fitzwilliam, D.L., Burton Hall, Palatine
Nowlan, John, Killballyhue, Carlow
Butler. James Thomas, Broomville, Tullow
Richards, Edwin, Commander R.N., Rathwade, Bagnalstown
Butler, Richard, Benekerry, Carlow
Butler, Sir Thomas, bart., D.L., Ballintemple, Tullow
Rochfort, Horace, D.L., Clogrennan, Carlow
Butler William Paul, Broomville, Tullow Sweetman,.
Michael Fitzhenry, Cournellan, Borris,
Dennis, Edward Albert, Kadestown, Baltinglass Kilkenny
Dennis, Thomas S., Fortgranite, Baltinglass
Vigors, John Cliff, Burgage, Leighlinbridge
Dillon, Francis, Garryhill, Fenagh, Bagnalstown
Waters, Henry, Staplestown, Carlow
Doyne, Charles Henry, Cottage, Tullow
Watson, John Leckey, Kilconnor, Fenagh, Bagnalstown
Duckett, John Dawson, Duckctt's Grove, Palatine
Westby, William Jones, High Park, Baltinglass
Duckett, William, Russelstown Park, Palatine
White, Matthew Esmonde, M.D., Carlow
Elliot, Samuel, Rathcrogue, Carlow
Wolseley, Sir Clement, bart., Mount Wolsely
Eustace, Hardv, D.l., Newstown, Tullow
Eustace, James Hardy, Castlemore, Tullow

Resident Magistrate.

Tuckey, Charles H, Carlow

County Officers

Clerk of the Crown, Thomas Jameson, esq. (1846), 36, North Great George's-street, Dublin.
Clerk of the Peace, A.J. Humfrey esq, (1836), Ardristan, Tullow.
Crown Solicitor, Jeremiah Mara, esq. (1850), Portarlington, and 71, Talbot-street, Dublin.
Crown Solicitor at Quarter Sessions, Thomas Crawford Butler, esq. Treasurer, Thomas Whelan, esq, (1828), Carlow.
Secretary to the Grand Jury, Janes Butler, esq. (1854). Ballybar, Carlow.
County Surveyor, Peter Burtchell, esq., Carlow.
Sub-Sheriff, Edward L. Jameson, esq., Carlow.
Sherriff’s Returning Officer, Thomas Jameson, esq., 36 North Great George Street, Dublin.
Coroner, Edw Gorman, esq., Bennekerry Lodge, Carlow
Paymaster of Pensioners, Major Harvey, unattached.

Stamp Distributers.

Head Distributer for the county, Joseph Greene, jun., esq, Lakeview, Kilkenny.

Bagnalstown, James Byrne.
Borris, Mary Kelly.
Carlow, John C. Church
Tullow, William Deering.

Barony Cess Collectors

Carlow, Thomas Moss, Rutland, Palatine, Carlow
Forth, James Keppel, Killane, Ballon
Idrone, East, Henry Agar, Kilgraney, Bagnalstown.
Idrone, west, John Smith, Seskinrea.
Rathvilly, William Young, Ballyggalduff Clonmore.
St. Mullins, lower, Thomas Doyle, Ballyling, Graignemarragh.
St. Mullins, upper, Thomas Pierce, Kilgarney, Clongal.

Constabulary Officers.

County Inspector, George Dickson, esq., Carlow
Sub- Inspectors’ Stations,
Bagnalstown, J. M. Frith.
Carlow, James Hazlett.
Borris, Gore’s-bridge, E.Curtis.
Tullow, E. R. Medlicott.

Manor Courts.

Seneschal of the Manor of Carlow, Thomas Crawford Butler, esq, Seneschal of the Manor of Ballymoon and Dunleckney, Bagnalstown, Chas, F. Johnson, esq.

Petty Sessions Courts.

Place where held, Day, and Namee of Clark
Bagnalstown, second Mondav; Edward Warren.
Borris, Gore's-Bridge, third Thursday; Edward Warren.
Carlow, Monday; Thomas Richardson.
Fenagh, Leighlinbridge, forth Wednesday; R. Morres.
Hacketstown.  second Tuesday; P. Douglas.
Myshall, fourth Wednesday; Redmond Morres.
Newtownbarry, for Co. Carlow District, second Saturday; P. Atkin,
Tullow, Saturday; James M'Donagh.

County Gaol, Carlow.

The Board of Superintendence meets on the first Monday in every month.

Inspector, Arthur Fitzmaurice, esq.
Governor, Richard Wilson, esq.
Protestant Chaplin, Rev. Fred. F. J. Trench, Carlow.
Roman Catholic Chaplain, Rev. Marcus Dowling.
Surgeon, Thomas J. Rawson, m.d.
Apothecary, Henry Montgomery.
Deputy Governor, Edward Croghan.

District Lunatic Asylum, Carlow.

Established in 1831, for the counties of Carlow, Kildare, and Wexford. The Board meets on the third Wednesday in each month.

Resident Physcian and Superintendent, Matthew Esmonde White, a.m., m.d., j.p.
Visiting Physician, Thomas O'Meara, m.d.
Apothecary, Henry Montgomery.
Matron, Mrs. Lavinia Parsons.
Protestant Chaplin, Rev. Fred. F. Trench.
Roman Catholic Chaplain, Rev. James Hughes.
Clerk and Storekeeper, Timothy Brenan.

County Infirmary.

Treasurer, John Alexander, esq., m.p.

Surgeon, Thomas J. Rawson, m.d.


Poor Law Union.

Carlow Union, (Co. Carlow, Queen's co,, and Co. Kildare), 45 Electoral Divisions. The Board of Guardians meets on Thursdays.

Chairman, Sir Thomas Butler, bart., Ballintemple, Tullow.
Vice- Chairman, R. Clayton Browne, esq., Browne's Hill, Carlow.
Deputy Vice- Chairman, William Robert Lecky, esq, Ballinacarrig, Carlow.
Treasurer, Bank of Ireland, Carlow.
Clerk and Returning Officer, John Clark.
Master and Matron, James Kerr, and Elizabeth Grange.
Chaplains. - Established Church. Rev. F. F. J. Trench.
Roman Catholic, Rev. Marcus Dowling
Medical Office. James Porter, m.d.
Relieving Officers, Joshua Woodland, Tullow;
James Mathew’s, Bagnalstown;
John S. Walters, Burrin St, Carlow
Medical Officers of Dispensary Districts.
Bagnalstown, James Trayer. M.D
Ballickmoyler & Newton. E. N. Bolton, m.d.
Borris. Francis Boxwell, m.d.
Carlow. James Porter, M.D
Fenagh and Myshall, William Fryer, m.d.
Leighlinbridge, Richard R. Phillips, m.d.
Newtown, Samuel Edge, M.D.
Tullow, Robert Burnett, M.D.

Market Towns In This County,

With their Population, and the Market Days.

Bagnalstown, 2,292 every Saturday.
Carlow, 9,121, every Monday and Thursday.
Hacketstown, 790, every Thursday.
Tullow, 2,963, every Saturday.

Fairs in This County.

Bagnalstown. 17 March, 9 April, 8 May, 4 Sept, 13 Oct., 30 Nov., 27 Dec. Ballon, 28 March, 12 Aug.
Borris. 1 Jan., 6 Feb. 1 May, 2 July, 15 Aug., 4 Oct., 14 Nov.
Carlow Town, 4 May, 29 June, 26 Aug., 8 nov.
Conegall, Wed. after 4 Feb., 1st Wed in Match. Wed before 12 May (frieze). Ascension Day (cattle), Whit Mon. (cattle), 31 July (cattle), 12 and 22 Nov. (cattle). 1st Wed in Dec. (frieze), 11 Dec. (cattle).
Hacketstown, 13 Jan., Thurs. after 2 Feb., 12 March, 13 April. 4 May, Thurs. after Trin. Sun., 23 June, 13 July, 2 and 21 Aug., 18 Sept. 16 Oct., Tues after 12 Nov., 21 Dec.
Kiledmond, 12 March, 15 July.
Knockan, 6 Jan., 4 June. 3 Oct.
Leighlinbridge, Easter Mon., 14 May, 25 Sept., 18 Dec.
Milford, 3 May, 7 Nov.
Myshall, 25 March, 10 May, 29 June, 14 Sept.
Nurney, 6 May.
Orchard, Whit Tues, 2 Oct.
Palatine Town, 26 March. 23 April. 17 June, 6 Nov.
Rathvilly, 1 Jan., 14 Feb., 25 March, 2 May, 24 June, 1 Aug. 8 Oct., 12 Nov.
Sherwood, 20 May.
Slyguff, 12 Feb., 1 Nov.
St. Mullhins, 17 June. 25 July, 8 Sept., 1 Nov.
Staplestown, 1 May, 7 Nov.
Tinnahinch, 1 May, 29 Sept., 26 Dec.
Tullow, 20 Jan., 21 April, 10 July, 8 Sept., 29 Oct., 21 Nov,
Wells, Ascension Day, 11 Dec.

Carlow Borough.

Carlow, an inland town and parliamentary borough in Carlow barony and county, and Leinster province, on the Barrow, 40 miles S.W. by S., from Dublin, comprising within its electoral boundary an area of 572 acres, which includes the suburb of Graigue, in the Queen's county, on the west side of the river. Population of Carlow, in 1841, 8,736; of Graigue, 1,673; total of the borough, 10,409, of whom 1,600 were of the Established Church, ii,6oa Roman Catholics, and 140 of other persuasions, inhabiting 1,514 houses, averaging nearly 7 persons to a house. Population in 1851, 9,121, inhabiting 1,375 houses.

The public buildings are 3 Churches, the Roman Catholic Cathedral for the united dioceses of Leighlin and Kildare, the Roman Catholic College and School, 2 Nunneries, the Diocesan School, a Presbyterian, a Methodist, and a Friends' Meeting-house; the County Court House, Prison, Infirmary, and Union Workhouse; the District Lunatic Asylum for Carlow and Kildare; a Fever Hospital, and Barrack's for a troop of cavalry and 2 companies of infantry. A bridge of 5 arches over the River Barrow connects the suburb of Graigue with the town.

The Corporation, which was styled "The Sovereign, Free Burgesses, and Commonalty of the Borough of Catherlagh," by the recent Municipal Reform Act is now extinct, and the borough was placed under the Towns' Improvement Act in 1855. The borough returns 1 member to Parliament; constituency in 1854, 221. A. branch of the Great Southern and Western Railway connects Carlow with the metropolis, and the Irish South Eastern Railway connects the town with Kilkenny.

The Assizes for the county are held here, also Quarter and Petty Sessions. Fairs are held on 4th May, 22nd June, 26th August, and 8th November; Markets on Mondays and Thursdays; all toll free. The Barrow, which is navigable above the town to its junction with tire Grand Canal at Athy, affords great facilities of export, chiefly of grain and butter, to Dublin and Waterford. There are in the town and its vicinity several flour mills, and malt houses; butter of superior quality is largely exported. There are three newspapers published in the town, the Carlow Post, Carlow sentinel, and Carlow Weekly News, all on Saturdays.

Member for the Borough – John Alexander, esq. (1853), Milford, Carlow; Kildare Street Club, Dublin and Carlton Club, London.

Commissioners Appointed Under The Town Improvement Act 1854.

Thos C. Butler, Chairman
Thaddeus O’Shea
Michael M'Donald
Thomas Kelly.
William Graham.
Patrick Lowry.
Thomas Francis Gale.
James Kelly.
William Henry Collier.
Thomas Ellis.
Robert Ferrall
Dr. Paul J. Cullen
Edward Flood
Robert Dillon
Patrick Kinsella
Anthony Coffey
Martin Mangan
Matthew Byrne
Patrick Byrne

Town Clerk, Thomas Corcoran, jun., esq

Resident Magistrate, Ch. Henry Tuckey, esq., Borlem.

County Inspector of Constabulary, George Dickson, esq.

Sub-Inspector, Edward R. Medlicot, esq.

Paymaster of Out-Pensioners, Major Harvey, unatt.

Excise Office

Supervisor, Edward Connery, esq., Brown-st., Carlow

Income Tax Office.

Crown Surveyor, Thomas Smith, esq.


Bank of Ireland (Branch) Athy-street—Agent, Thomas Whelan. esq.; Sub-Agent, T. C Hone, esq.

National Bank—Manager, James Palmer. esq.

Local Law Courts.

Quarter Sessions—in the Court House four times a year, for the recovery of debts, and prosecution of minor offences; and under a new Act, once-a-year for the registry of voters.—Presiding Barrister, Sir Colman Michael O'Loghlen, bart., Q.C

A Manor Court – Held the first Tuesday in eachmonth, for the recovery of debts amounting to £2, present currency – Seneschal, Thos. C. Butler, esq; Registrar, Joseph Welwood.

Educational Establishment and Charitable Institution.

The Diocesan School of Ossory and Leighlin – under the direction of the Rector of the Parish; Head Master, The Rev. David H. Scott, A.B.

St. Patrick’s R. Catholic College – President, Very Rev. J. Dunne, D.D; Vice-President Rev. Patrick Kavanagh; Dean of the College.

A Mechanises Institute and a Catholic Institution, Library, &c.

One infant 2 male, and 2 female Schools, under the superintendence of the Clergy of the Established Church, and in connexion with the Church Education Society of the Diocese of Leighlin. A Protestant Orphan Society.

Two Houses of Industry, one Protestant, the other Roman Catholic, for the instruction of female servants.

Two National Schools, and 2 female Schools, under the superintendence of the Nuns, the Sisters of Mercy, and the Nuns of the Presentation Convent

Carlow Union.

The Board of Guardians meets every Thursday — For List of Officers, &c, see Carlow County.

Inns and Hotels

The Club House Hotel, William Whitmore, Dublin Street.
The Kings Arms Hotel, Mrs Cullen, Dublin Street
Burrin Street Hotel, Richard Tennants.

Grand Canal.

Parcel and Lumber Boats ply between Dublin, Ross, and Waterford, through Carlow, for the conveyance of butter, flour, &c, for the English markets; and coals. &c, &c, from Ross and Dublin, for the use of the intermediate towns.

End of Directory

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