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Carlow County - Ireland Genealogical Projects (IGP TM)

Pat Purcell Papers

Carlow 1832

Answering Recognisance

Surnames mentioned: Nowlan, Clowery & Minchin 1832

From Pat Purcell Papers.

1832. (all one page)

Answering Recognisance.

We Michael, David and Johanna Nowlan do Swear that we usually reside at Cranaha, Parish of Myshall, Carlow acknowledge ourselves indebted unto our lord the King in the sum of 10 pounds Sterling each.

So help me God.
 (signed) David and Johanna Nowlan.

I Michael Clowery do swear that I am a householder and have a house wherein I usually reside at Celema Glush in the townland of Kilmagulsh, Parish of Myshall and I am worth the sum of 10 pounds Sterling over all my just debts.~~

So help me God
(signed) Michael, his X mark, Clowery.

I James Minchion do swear that I am a house holder in Ballynocken, Parish of Fenagh and I am worth the sum of 10 pounds Sterling. ~~

So help me God.
(signed) James, his X mark, Minchion.

Michael, David and Johanna will attend the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace to be held at Tullow to answer charges brought by George Nolan.

Sworn before me at Ballydarton this 5th day of April 1832.
(signed) John Watson.

Taken from the Pat Purcell Papers and Transcribed by: Michael Purcell 2012

Names: Fitzpatricks, Nowlans galore 1832.

From Pat Purcell Papers.


The joint Informations of Martin Fitzpatrick and Catherine Fitzpatrick his wife both of Bennekerry, Carlow, who being Sworn on the Holy Evaneglists Saith that in consequence of divers threats and intimidation recently used towards them by Danial Nowlan, James Nowlan, John Nowlan and Michael Nowlan all of Bennekerry, Farmers, they are in dread and fear of some bodily harm from the Nowlans or either of them and that they are also in dread and fear of some serious injuries and damages being done to their dwelling house and property by one or more of said Nowlans.

(signed) Martin Fitzpatrick, Catherine her X mark, Fitzpatrick.
Sworn before us at Carlow this 20th day of August 1832.
(signed) Henry Faulkner, H. Moore, W. Cary.
Transcribed by Friend of Carlow 2012.

Surnames: Singleton, Thomas, Ryan, Doody & Otway

Pat Purcell Papers.


Draft report from Matthew Singleton, Chief Magistrate of Police, Tollerton House, to Sir William Gosset, Chief Secretary for Ireland, Dublin Castle, Dublin.

Whitefeet Outrage.

6th May 1832.

Dear Sir,

In consequence of having received information that an intended riot was to take place in the Town of Carlow on Friday last, it being a Fair Day in the town, I had two chief-constables and a strong party of police and military in attendance at Carlow Graigue.

About four o'Clock in the afternoon I got an account that a party of evil disposed Whitefeet were then attacking Mr Thomas's house about three miles from here.

I therefore lost not a moment in going to the Barracks in Carlow and called on Major Ryan who turned out a force of the 5th Dragoons, and Lieutenant Otway and a detachment of the 50th Regiment; proceeded to Mr Thomas's house and ascertained that six armed men with pistols had been there at 12 o'Clock noon.

On information from Mr John Sherlock, Esquire, of Mountrock, who stated that the raiding party calling themselves Whitefeet had stopped him on the road and presented their pistols at him and demanded to know if he held any fire-arms, and tendered a prayer-book to him to swear on that he had not any fire-arms on him or at his house, after so swearing on the prayer-book the Whitefeet party then proceeded in the direction of Athy.

Upon receiving this information the military and a party of constables from Ballickmoyler and Ballylinan proceeded at once on the various roads to Athy and in the town of Athy they succeeded in apprehending a suspicious fellow in a public-house and on searching him, found a prayer-book and some gun-powder wrapped in paper in his pockets.

This man calls himself William Doody. Two men in his company were also apprehended.

I had Mr Sherlock brought before the man called Doody and Mr Sherlock identified this man as the leader of the Whitefeet party who stopped him on the road and also identified the prayer-book as the book presented to him to swear on.

I have committed the man called Doody to Carlow Gaol awaiting Trial.

This man's arrest and committal to the Gaol in Carlow to await trial at the next Assizes must be of vital importance to the peace of the Country.

I was obliged to pledge myself to Mr Sherlock that if he would identify any of the party of Whitefeet that held him up I would instantly place two constables at his home for his family's protection, and on his identifying Doody I sent two men to his house.

I have much pleasure to add that I know of another of the Whitefeet raiding party and am sure he will be found. I have the police on search for him.

The Magistrates of the County have spoken of the need to have more men appointed to the Constabulary force of the County of Carlow in order to put a stop to the terror and dread inflicted by the Whitefeet in the area and to preserve the public tranquillity in the County.

The Magistrates desire that I would request you inform His Excellency, The Lord Lieutenant, of the urgent need to augment the present force in the County

I have the honour to be your obedient servant, Matthew Singleton, Chief Magistrate of Police. Carlow and Queen's County. "

Taken from the Pat Purcell Papers and Transcribed by: Michael Purcell 2012

1832, Kavanagh, Doyle and Police Constables !

Pat Purcell Papers. 1832.

Peace Recognizance.

I Patrick Kavanagh do swear that I usually reside at Ballycringan in the Parish of St Mullins, Barony or Half-Barony of St Mullins and in the County of Carlow.

 So help me God. (signed) Patt Kavanagh.

I Bryan Kavanagh do swear that I am a Householder, and have a House wherein I usually reside at Ballycringan and that I am worth the sum of five pounds sterling over and above all my just Debts.

So help me God (signed) Bryan, his X mark, Kavanagh.

I Thomas Doyle do swear that I am a Householder, and I have a House wherein I usually reside in same townland as above.

(signed) Thomas, his, X mark, Doyle.

The condition of this Recognizance is that Patrick Kavanagh shall keep the Peace with all His Majesty's Subjects for Seven Years and particularly with the Police Constables.

Taken before me at Petty Sessions Borris, Carlow, the first day of November 1832.

(signed) Thomas Kavanagh.

From: Michael Purcell <>

Philip Germaine 1832

Carlow Sentinel.

May, 1832.

TITHES --- Mr Philip Germaine's Cattle.

It having been ascertained that Mr Butler, the sub-Sheriff of Carlow, intended to seize upon cattle of Philip Germaine of Rathvilly for non-payment of tithes, upwards of five thousand persons assembled from counties of Wicklow, Kildare and Carlow, to witness the auction.

All business at this busy season was suspended ; numbers poured into Baltinglass and Rathvilly to accompany the cattle to Carlow.

Fortunately, however, probably for the public peace, the Sheriff relinquished his intention of seizing the cattle during the present excited state of the public mind.

From: Michael Purcell

1832 Tom Nolan

Carlow Sentinel.

May 1832,

Thomas Nolan.

Died on 6th May 1832 at his residence in Ballon, aged 66 years.

He was a gentleman universally beloved for his benevolence and amiable disposition, as affectionate parent, and in all his commercial intercourse, which was most extensive during half a century, a man of high credit and strict integrity.

He is deservedly regretted by the poor and industrious classes of that neighbourhood.

From: Michael Purcell <>

1832, Conran, Clarke & Anderson.

Carlow Sentinel.

April 1832.


At a numerous and respectable Meeting of the Inhabitants of Baltinglass, on Sunday, the 15th of April.

Mr Matthew Conran in the Chair.


Mr Simeon Clarke. [November 1832

We had an article prepared for press in reply to the foul and slanderous attack made by the Carlow Post, on the above gentleman, a gentleman whose character we need not add whether we regard his honour, his strict integrity and moral worth is unimpeachable, but as that gentleman feels it necessary to appeal to another tribunal, we do not deem it prudent to say further on the subject.


Married [March 1833.

On Saturday morning last, by special license, George William Anderson, Esquire, of this town, to Jane, daughter of the late Bazil Grey, Esqiure, of the City of Kilkenny.


From: Michael Purcell <>

1832, McDowell

Married at Clonmel by Rev. J.P. Rhoades, Rector of Clonmel, Robert McDowell, Governor of Carlow County Jail to Jane, eldest daughter of Benjamin Hodgins, Supervisor of Excise, Clonmel.

From: Michael Purcell <>

1832, T.C. Bunbury, Father Tyrrell & Duckett.

[note added 2013 by Michael Purcell -- I am  not sure what axe Thomas Bunbury is grinding by having this letter published but you can be sure it has to do with the "Tithe War" that was taking place at this time plus he refers to "the Rev. T. Tyrell" (sic) who was Parish Priest of Tinryland at this time and who was a very active "political priest" and stirrer upper.

The "oath" was not published nor was anymore heard from Mr Bunbury on the topic.

At the end of this letter I attach a piece on Father Thomas Tyrrell.]

12th May 1832.

To the Editor of

The Carlow Sentinel.

Mr Editor - - A meeting of the parishioners of the union of Grangeford, and Killerig, took place on the 2nd May to form associations for the protection of persons and property.

The form of an oath was submitted for the inspection of the Rev. T. Tyrell, and assented to, on Mr William Duckett's promise, that no person swearing should be employed to recover tithes. --

Now, if not subject by the oath, why was this promise asked?

What avails any man's promise?

A committee being named, I requested to see the oath, to me it appeared embracing too much. If the meeting was solely for the object "to form associations for the protection of persons and property", why swear more than "that we will to the best of our power save and protect the persons and property of each of our parishioners."

If the oath contains more, but not intelligible to him who swears it, I say I had cause to object.

The objectionable parts were pointed out to Mr William Duckett, assented to, and included within parenthesis to be omitted.

The committee having perfected the resolutions, my objections were spoken of in a very uncourteous manner ; I attempted a reply, but persons possessing more weight in body than mind, prevented me, by exclaiming," no! no! a loss of time &."

Through your impartial journal I require a publication of the oath.

By one gentleman it was argued that the preamble was the oath and not the oath itself.

Another said, to amend was to destroy; would to God his commission of justice for the peace was amended. He thinks he is a lawyer; had I the law not known to him, I would forego his knowledge.

I am satisfied of this deficiency, by poor S --- n's imprisonment for seeing a hare.

Again I think I am justified in requesting said oath to be published, and as yet, am no convert, Thomas C. Bunbury.

[added 2013 - “Rev Thomas Tyrrell, P. P. Tinryland “A Political Priest” by John Scott.

 “Fr. Thomas Tyrrell was a native of Ballyroan, Co. Laois. He was PP of Doonane from 1815 to 1823 when he was transferred to Tinryland where he remained until his death on 24 August 1842.Many of his parishioners at this time were tenants of the landlords Bruen and Beresford and this probably began his interest in politics. At this time in Carlow the Borough of Carlow sent one representative to Parliament and the County sent two. The bill giving Catholic Emancipation was made law on 13 April 1829. A separate bill was passed at the same time, which raised the county franchise from forty shillings to £10. This had the effect of reducing the number of people who could vote in the County constituency from about 4000 to 530.

This was an attempt to limit the effect of the emancipation bill and it deprived many forty-shilling freeholders of the vote. The very people who had forced the question of emancipation were to be deprived of the fruits of it. This just added to the feelings of bitterness, which had built up over the previous decade.”

 “However a Reform Bill was passed in August 1832 and it increased the electorate in the County to about 1246. Also, the borough franchise was extended to ? 10 householders, the same as in England. Special sessions for the registration of new voters were set up and the number of people entitled to vote in the next borough election would be considerably greater than the thirteen who had the vote in the last one. In the 1832 election 278 people had the right to vote in the Borough. It must be remembered that at this time voting was not secret and sometimes the local papers published a list of the voters and how they cast their votes. The landlords expected that their tenants would vote as directed by them.”

“The previous elections in the County from the Act of Union in 1801 were just contests between various landlords. Now with the coming of Catholic Emancipation and the passing of the Reform Act the power of the landlords could be challenged. This was the situation into which Fr. Tyrrell threw his energies. In May 1830 he addressed a Poor Law meeting in Maryborough and he also proposed a motion at a Reform meeting in Carlow on 24th May, 1832. He seconded Wallace, the Liberal candidate, at the election in December 1832. Wallace and the other Liberal candidate, Walter Blackney were elected. The Conservatives tried to have the result overturned and a Parliamentary Committee investigated the election. Fr. Tyrrell travelled from Tinryland to London and gave evidence before this committee in May 1833.”

Transcribed by Michael Purcell].

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