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Carlow County - Ireland Genealogical Projects (IGP TM)


Pat Purcell Papers


Carlow 1849

Source: Michael Purcell c.2012


Margaret Byrne from Carlow 1849

In 1849 Margaret Byrne from Carlow, had her death sentence which was imposed as a result of an arson attempt made by her on an occupied house, commuted to transportation for life. She stated that she had committed the crime in anticipation of a transportation sentence. (CRF 1849/B 25).

http://www.nationalarchives.ie/topics/transportation/Irl-Oz.pdf


Pat Purcell Papers 1849.

Surnames mentioned: Nowlan, Burgh, Murphy, Cory, Carroll & Fitzmaurice.

From a batch of Legal papers purchased by Michael Purcell at auction in  Mealys 2002.

Landlord and Plaintiff:- The Right Honourable John Henry, Earl of Clonmel and Aunette, his wife, County of Clonmel.

V's.

Defendants:- Peter Nowlan and Luke Murphy, John Nowlan, Thomas Nowlan, Michael Nowlan, Patrick Nowlan and John Cory.

Action of Ejectment for Recovery of that part of the Lands of Rosdillig, containing by Survey 18 acres, 3 roods and 24 perches Irish plantation measure more or less the said lands are situate in the Parish of Kintennell Barony of Idrone East, Carlow.

Amount Due: 64 Pounds - 9 shillings and 8 pence.

Arthur Fitzmaurice, Agent and Receiver, under virture of an Indenture of Lease dated 23rd April 1823 made by Lady Maria Bagenal Burgh and Mrs Amelia Carroll and Peter Nowlan for the Yearly rent of 19 pounds Sterling 18 shillings and 6 pence.

(signed) H.Hutton, Thomas Crawford Butler, Arthur Fitzmaurice.
21st Oct. 1849
 
Transcribed by M. Purcell c2012

Pat Purcell Papers 1849.

 Taking the clothes off me back.

 Jury return.

The Jurors of our Lady the Queen, upon their Oath, present that Martha Grogan alias Martha Holmes of Carlow, Dealer, in the twelfth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lady Victoria, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen and so forth: - at Carlow ~~ had in her possession four Gowns, one Petticoat, two pair of Stockings, one Shawl, one Bonnet and one Cloak to the value of ten shillings ~~ of the goods and Chattles of a certain person unknown then and there being found with the aforesaid Martha Grogan alias Martha Holmes, suspected of feloniously then and there she did steal, take and carry away, against the Peace of our said Lady Victoria, of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, her Crown and her Dignity.

 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Martha Grogan alias Martha Holmes is not Guilty of this act. This Case should not have been Sworn by any Magistrate of standing in Carlow. The Peace of our Sovereign Lady Victoria, of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, her Crown and her Dignity has not been assailed by Evil behaviour from said Martha Grogan alias Martha Holmes.~~~

Verdict: Not Guily ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~(signed) Arthur FitzMaurice for self and Fellows.

[Note added 2012 - "twelfth year of the Reign = 1849.]


Surnames: McClintock Bunbury, Kehoe, Nolan, Lucas, Cox & Tuckey.

[Note added 2012. checked the 1849 editions of the Carlow Sentinel (Jan. - June) for the article on Lisnevagh building report, I was unable to locate it but did find a few items referring to Colonel Bunbury and Captain B. McClintock Bunbury.]

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Ballina Chronicle, Ballina, Mayo, Ireland

Wednesday, June 13, 1849

EMIGRATION MEETING

A numerous meeting of the tenant-farmers and others was held in Carlow on Thursday, for the purpose of establishing a society to organize extensive emigration from this country. The meeting, which was got up under the auspices of Father Mahon and other Roman Catholic clergymen, adopted a series of resolutions-The following brief speech, delivered by a comfortable farmer, sketched the whole case of the Carlow agriculturists:- "Mr. John Hanlan, of Graig, came forward to propose the third resolution. He said it was impossible for this country, with the principles of free trade in operation, to compete with the countries that had neither rent, tithes, poor rates or other taxes to pay (hear). Those other countries were as prosperous as this, yet hand none of those charges to contend with. How, then, was it possible for the farmers of Ireland to compete with those of other countries, the protective duties having been withdrawn? (hear).

He thought it was quite impossible. The consequence of free trade, however, just it might be in the abstract, and he did not deny its justice, would be to bring prices here to the same level as in America and other countries, which had scarcely any rent or taxes to pay. The result must be that the money of the country will be all abstracted to America, and the people will all be reduced to even greater poverty and distress (hear, hear). And if the gentry did not come forward to assist in applying a remedy to the wretched state of things in this country, they, too shortly would be reduced to the most miserable condition. In fact, it would be only a day later with them (hear). He had received a great many communications from America, and he found that corn could be raised at a very cheap rate. Besides that, the repeal of the navigation laws would enable the produce of America to be brought to this country with greater facility and at a cheaper rate. Wheat from America could be probably sold in Ireland at 20s the barrel. How could Ireland, then, compete with that country? (hear, hear.)

With present rents and taxes, how could the Irish farmer exist after the reduction that must take place in prices? Unless the landlords came forward to assist the tenants, it was impossible that they could live on the land (hear, hear). For himself he was glad to say that he had a good, considerate landlord-the Earl of Besborough-who was disposed to encourage the tenant, and not drive him from the country. He (Mr. Hanlon) would not advise his fellow-countrymen to leave Ireland, if they could remain in it; but he thought that under present circumstances it would be impossible that they could do so, unless they desired to live in the poor houses, or as the miserable serfs of men who would do anything to encourage them (hear, hear).


Ballina Chronicle, Ballina, Mayo, Ireland

Wednesday, June 20, 1849

THE CARLOW TENANT FARMER MEETING

On Thursday the above meeting was held at the rere of the Hotel in Burrin-street, on the extensive premises the property of Mrs. Purcell, of Halverstown. We are not acquainted with one resident proprietor who has not during the last six months given the claim put forth at the meeting the utmost attention, and who are not willing, so far as reasonable means will permit, to meet the claims in a spirit of justice and generosity- Mr. Pat Lalor of Tinnekill, prepounded the extravagant opinion, that if the "land of Ireland" were given free to the occupiers they could not sustain themselves.

Mr. Wilson Gray, of the Freeman's Journal, who resided in America for several years, gave a more apt illustration of the consequences of the light of men, by honestly stating, from practical experience, that before the tenants or middle classes even with a fair capital could expect to realise a livelihood, they should become labourers!- in other words, to begin as Irish paupers do in America, with strong bony hands, to work out a living, which may be enjoyed by their posterity! This intelligent gentleman, who travelled through the far West, never held one single prospect for the farmer beyond that which arduous labour opens to every man, whether on the prairie, in the forest, or on his own farm in Ireland. The Rev. Mr. Maher-A fact which was anything but encouraging to emigrants of small capital, who may be sufficiently foolish to expect to live in America without labour!! Although an enthusiast he would not undertake the responsibility of removing a single man from the country, unless that man had made up his mind, and effected his arrangements calmly and deliberately in his family for emigration.

America is not the best country for the farmer, unless he make up his own mind to face the perils and the hardships of a new position in the wilderness, with a surrounding population going a head ready one day to cultivate Indian corn and the next to cut to California-a population ever restless, ambitious and possessed of the cunning and over-reaching qualities ascribed by Milton to Satan. Against such a people our quiet and unobservant farmers would be no match, for an honest man is a century behind a rogue and a cheat in America. We have no doubt whatever that the landed proprietary of Ireland will employ every available means to sustain the honest, improving and industrious farmer in his position. The landlord, if upon no other ground but that of self interest, will co-operate with the tenant, and thus check that mania for emigration which has unsettled the public mind. The motto of both will be "live and let live?"---Carlow Sentinel.

Source  - Sue Clement c2005


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