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Carlow County - Ireland Genealogical Projects (IGP TM)


Pat Purcell Papers

Carlow 1905.


By kind permission of Michael Purcell


Wedding 1905.

Carlow Sentinel.

25th November 1905.

Fashionable Wedding.

The marriage of Captain and Brevet Major R. Brown-Clayton, 5th Royal Irish Lancers, eldest son of William Browne-Clayton, of Browne's Hill, Carlow, with Miss Magda Wienholt, youngest daughter of the late Edward Weinholt, of Jondaryan, Queensland, was celebrated at St Mary's Abbots, Kensington, on the 19th of November, the officiating clergy being the Rev. A.A.Markham (cousin of the bridegroom ), and the clergy of St Mary's Abbots.

The bride was given away by her cousin, Mr Rowland Malony, and wore a gown of ivory satin, draped with duchesse lace, and a brocade train softened with lace and chiffon.

Her tuille veil fell over a tiara of orange blossoms, She carried a bouquet of white exoties, myrtle, white heather, and lily of the valley.

Miss Brenda Wienholt, sister of the bride, acted as bridesmaid, and wore a dress of heliotrope crepe de chine, with hat of the same shade. Her bouquet was of mauve orchids, harmonising with her toilet, which, with an enamel and diamond brooch in the form of the regimental badge, was the gift of the bridegroom.

Capt. Willcox, a brother officer of the bridegroom, was best man. The interesting ceremony took place at 2.30pm.

The bride was met at the door by the choir and proceeded up the aisle singing the hymn "O Perfect Love, all human thought transcending".

While the register was being signed the choir sang the hymn, "Fight the good fight with all thy might". The service was fully choral.

The church was beautifully decorated with palms and white flowers.

The reception was held afterwards at the Royal Palace Hotel, and subsequently the bride and bridegroom left for Ireland.


Carlow Sentinel.

December 1905.

Home-Coming of Major Browne-Clayton and Bride.

On Monday last Major Browne-Clayton, 5th Lancers, brought home his bride.

This was made an occasion of great rejoicings amongst the tenants and employees of Browne's Hill, many of the townspeople joining in.

The Staplestown Road was splendidly decorated with flags and arches, bearing words of welcome.

On arriving at the front gate, which was beautifully and artistically decorated under the supervision of Mr Bell ( steward ), the carriage was met by a large crowd of enthusiastic friends, and was drawn up the hill by many willing hands, while a fire of twenty-one guns from a small piece of ordnance, in charge of ex-Sergt Clifden, Royal Artillery, announced the approach of the procession.

In the afternoon the employees and tenants were entertained at dinner, and in the evening a numerous gathering from the neighbourhood assembled round a bonfire, and the proceedings terminated by a band from Carlow playing varied selections.


From: Michael Purcell <carlowmike@gmail.com>

Wienholt  Wedding 1905.

Father of Robert Browne-Clayton's bride.

Arnold Wienholt (1826-1895) and Edward Wienholt (1833-1904), pastoralists and politicians, were sons of John Birkett Wienholt (1775-1852), merchant, and his second wife Sarah, n’e Hill. Arnold was born on 22 January 1826 and Edward on 28 March 1833 at Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, Wales, the setting for Dylan Thomas's poem “Under Milk Wood”. Two other brothers, Daniel (1822-1865) and Arthur (1835-1892), were also prominent Queensland pioneers. The family, originally Winholdt, originated at Wiemsdorf, Oldenburg, Germany, in the sixteenth century.

 Educated privately, Arnold arrived at Sydney about 1847. He purchased Maryvale in 1849 and Gladfield in 1852, both on the Darling Downs, Queensland; they became two of the finest Clydesdale studs in Australia. In 1860 he failed to win Warwick in the Legislative Assembly, but held the seat in 1863-67; he ran for Maranoa in 1871 but lost. His assembly career was unspectacular and characteristically silent. Politics for him was an onerous obligation to his fellow 'Pure Merinos', neither a pleasure nor a pursuit of intrinsic satisfaction; his importance lies in his practical abilities as a stock-breeder and pastoralist and his partnership in the family pastoral empire. At the end of the 1870s he retired to Locarno, Switzerland, where he died unmarried in the Grand Hotel on 16 January 1895.

His more complex and influential brother Edward, an Anglican, arrived in Queensland in 1853. With William Kent he acquired Fassifern, Jondaryan and Goomburra stations in the 1870s in the south-east and several large runs in the interior. His 'dash and self-reliance’ tempered by a native shrewdness which caused him seldom to make a mistake' was combined with an advantageous marriage on 14 December 1874 to Ellen (1856-1898), daughter of Daniel Williams, railway contractor and entrepreneur. They had three sons and three daughters, including Arnold (1877-1940).

Wienholt and his partners rapidly built up one of Australia's largest and initially most profitable pastoral empires. In 1888 they held 289,966 acres (117,346 ha) of freehold land in the Moreton and Darling Downs districts; next year the Wienholt Pastoral Estates Co. was formed. Believing that 'it was necessary for those who had a stake in the country to take part in its Government [to] protect themselves from great and unnecessary liabilities', Wienholt was M.L.A. for Western Downs in 1870-73 and Darling Downs in 1873-75. A strong adherent of Sir Arthur Palmer <http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/palmer-sir-arthur-hunter-794>, he favoured drastic retrenchment, complete free trade in imports and lands, restricted education for the masses and the continuation of the threatened pastoral hegemony. In 1875 the Privy Council in “Regina” v. “Edward Wienholt“ reversed a Supreme Court decision and found for him in a ruling that gave freehold titles to all selectors, genuine or otherwise, whose rents had previously been collected by the Crown, this was a valuable victory. In May 1890 Brisbane waterside workers refused to load non-union-shorn wool from Jondaryan. This incident, an important event in the struggle between the new mass unions and the pastoralists, hastened the end of the old traditional Queensland pastoral ascendancy.

Wienholt retired to Rocklands, Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire, England, in 1880. He died in Melbourne on 14 January 1904 on one of his frequent trips to Australia. He was regarded as 'a fine specimen of colonial Toryism', who never concealed his fundamental views. His social and political positions were eventually eroded, but his convictions, courteous deportment and correct if frigid public manners, together with his territorial acquisitions, place him above his more pedestrian fellows. A Petty Sessions district at Murgon and a parish near Dalby are named after him. His estate was valued for probate at £9144 in New South Wales and at £57,000 in Queensland.

The above is a true and accurate transcript of the original document.


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